toolkit/crashreporter/google-breakpad/src/client/mac/handler/exception_handler.cc
author Rafael Ávila de Espíndola <respindola@mozilla.com>
Fri, 21 Jan 2011 14:10:50 -0500
changeset 61096 3915ec30a8322b95d930ec9c5354e466d13e3b9b
parent 51563 846c67bccbfdf34bd307a55304f5d112d4ddf6b7
child 107749 6adef296963ce994c8a9aedcabe1d19000283a41
permissions -rw-r--r--
Bug 623119 - exception_raise_state exception_raise_state_identity have Duplicated parameter name thread_state_count; r=ted a=bsmedberg

// Copyright (c) 2006, Google Inc.
// All rights reserved.
//
// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
// met:
//
//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
// distribution.
//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
// this software without specific prior written permission.
//
// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

#include <map>
#include <pthread.h>

#include "client/mac/handler/exception_handler.h"
#include "client/mac/handler/minidump_generator.h"
#include "common/mac/macho_utilities.h"
#include "common/mac/scoped_task_suspend-inl.h"

#ifndef USE_PROTECTED_ALLOCATIONS
#define USE_PROTECTED_ALLOCATIONS 0
#endif

// If USE_PROTECTED_ALLOCATIONS is activated then the
// gBreakpadAllocator needs to be setup in other code
// ahead of time.  Please see ProtectedMemoryAllocator.h
// for more details.
#if USE_PROTECTED_ALLOCATIONS
  #include "protected_memory_allocator.h"
  extern ProtectedMemoryAllocator *gBreakpadAllocator;
#endif


namespace google_breakpad {

using std::map;

// Message ID telling the handler thread to write a dump.
static const mach_msg_id_t kWriteDumpMessage = 0;
// Message ID telling the handler thread to quit.
static const mach_msg_id_t kQuitMessage = 1;
// Message ID telling the handler thread to write a dump and include
// an exception stream.
static const mach_msg_id_t kWriteDumpWithExceptionMessage = 2;

// These structures and techniques are illustrated in
// Mac OS X Internals, Amit Singh, ch 9.7
struct ExceptionMessage {
  mach_msg_header_t           header;
  mach_msg_body_t             body;
  mach_msg_port_descriptor_t  thread;
  mach_msg_port_descriptor_t  task;
  NDR_record_t                ndr;
  exception_type_t            exception;
  mach_msg_type_number_t      code_count;
  integer_t                   code[EXCEPTION_CODE_MAX];
  char                        padding[512];
};

struct ExceptionParameters {
  ExceptionParameters() : count(0) {}
  mach_msg_type_number_t count;
  exception_mask_t masks[EXC_TYPES_COUNT];
  mach_port_t ports[EXC_TYPES_COUNT];
  exception_behavior_t behaviors[EXC_TYPES_COUNT];
  thread_state_flavor_t flavors[EXC_TYPES_COUNT];
};

struct ExceptionReplyMessage {
  mach_msg_header_t  header;
  NDR_record_t       ndr;
  kern_return_t      return_code;
};

// Only catch these three exceptions.  The other ones are nebulously defined
// and may result in treating a non-fatal exception as fatal.
exception_mask_t s_exception_mask = EXC_MASK_BAD_ACCESS |
EXC_MASK_BAD_INSTRUCTION | EXC_MASK_ARITHMETIC | EXC_MASK_BREAKPOINT;

extern "C"
{
  // Forward declarations for functions that need "C" style compilation
  boolean_t exc_server(mach_msg_header_t *request,
                       mach_msg_header_t *reply);

  // This symbol must be visible to dlsym() - see
  // http://code.google.com/p/google-breakpad/issues/detail?id=345 for details.
  kern_return_t catch_exception_raise(mach_port_t target_port,
                                      mach_port_t failed_thread,
                                      mach_port_t task,
                                      exception_type_t exception,
                                      exception_data_t code,
                                      mach_msg_type_number_t code_count)
      __attribute__((visibility("default")));

  kern_return_t ForwardException(mach_port_t task,
                                 mach_port_t failed_thread,
                                 exception_type_t exception,
                                 exception_data_t code,
                                 mach_msg_type_number_t code_count);

  kern_return_t exception_raise(mach_port_t target_port,
                                mach_port_t failed_thread,
                                mach_port_t task,
                                exception_type_t exception,
                                exception_data_t exception_code,
                                mach_msg_type_number_t exception_code_count);

  kern_return_t
    exception_raise_state(mach_port_t target_port,
                          mach_port_t failed_thread,
                          mach_port_t task,
                          exception_type_t exception,
                          exception_data_t exception_code,
                          mach_msg_type_number_t code_count,
                          thread_state_flavor_t *target_flavor,
                          thread_state_t in_thread_state,
                          mach_msg_type_number_t in_thread_state_count,
                          thread_state_t out_thread_state,
                          mach_msg_type_number_t *out_thread_state_count);

  kern_return_t
    exception_raise_state_identity(mach_port_t target_port,
                                   mach_port_t failed_thread,
                                   mach_port_t task,
                                   exception_type_t exception,
                                   exception_data_t exception_code,
                                   mach_msg_type_number_t exception_code_count,
                                   thread_state_flavor_t *target_flavor,
                                   thread_state_t in_thread_state,
                                   mach_msg_type_number_t in_thread_state_count,
                                   thread_state_t out_thread_state,
                                   mach_msg_type_number_t *out_thread_state_count);

  kern_return_t breakpad_exception_raise_state(mach_port_t exception_port,
                                               exception_type_t exception,
                                               const exception_data_t code,
                                               mach_msg_type_number_t codeCnt,
                                               int *flavor,
                                               const thread_state_t old_state,
                                               mach_msg_type_number_t old_stateCnt,
                                               thread_state_t new_state,
                                               mach_msg_type_number_t *new_stateCnt
                                               );

  kern_return_t breakpad_exception_raise_state_identity(mach_port_t exception_port,
                                                        mach_port_t thread,
                                                        mach_port_t task,
                                                        exception_type_t exception,
                                                        exception_data_t code,
                                                        mach_msg_type_number_t codeCnt,
                                                        int *flavor,
                                                        thread_state_t old_state,
                                                        mach_msg_type_number_t old_stateCnt,
                                                        thread_state_t new_state,
                                                        mach_msg_type_number_t *new_stateCnt
                                                        );

  kern_return_t breakpad_exception_raise(mach_port_t port, mach_port_t failed_thread,
                                         mach_port_t task,
                                         exception_type_t exception,
                                         exception_data_t code,
                                         mach_msg_type_number_t code_count);
}



kern_return_t breakpad_exception_raise_state(mach_port_t exception_port,
					     exception_type_t exception,
					     const exception_data_t code,
					     mach_msg_type_number_t codeCnt,
					     int *flavor,
					     const thread_state_t old_state,
					     mach_msg_type_number_t old_stateCnt,
					     thread_state_t new_state,
					     mach_msg_type_number_t *new_stateCnt
                                             )
{
  return KERN_SUCCESS;
}

kern_return_t breakpad_exception_raise_state_identity(mach_port_t exception_port,
						      mach_port_t thread,
						      mach_port_t task,
						      exception_type_t exception,
						      exception_data_t code,
						      mach_msg_type_number_t codeCnt,
						      int *flavor,
						      thread_state_t old_state,
						      mach_msg_type_number_t old_stateCnt,
						      thread_state_t new_state,
						      mach_msg_type_number_t *new_stateCnt
                                                      )
{
  return KERN_SUCCESS;
}

kern_return_t breakpad_exception_raise(mach_port_t port, mach_port_t failed_thread,
                                       mach_port_t task,
                                       exception_type_t exception,
                                       exception_data_t code,
                                       mach_msg_type_number_t code_count) {

  if (task != mach_task_self()) {
    return KERN_FAILURE;
  }
  return ForwardException(task, failed_thread, exception, code, code_count);
}


ExceptionHandler::ExceptionHandler(const string &dump_path,
                                   FilterCallback filter,
                                   MinidumpCallback callback,
                                   void *callback_context,
                                   bool install_handler,
				   const char *port_name)
    : dump_path_(),
      filter_(filter),
      callback_(callback),
      callback_context_(callback_context),
      directCallback_(NULL),
      handler_thread_(NULL),
      handler_port_(MACH_PORT_NULL),
      previous_(NULL),
      installed_exception_handler_(false),
      is_in_teardown_(false),
      last_minidump_write_result_(false),
      use_minidump_write_mutex_(false) {
  // This will update to the ID and C-string pointers
  set_dump_path(dump_path);
  MinidumpGenerator::GatherSystemInformation();
  if (port_name)
    crash_generation_client_.reset(new CrashGenerationClient(port_name));
  Setup(install_handler);
}

// special constructor if we want to bypass minidump writing and
// simply get a callback with the exception information
ExceptionHandler::ExceptionHandler(DirectCallback callback,
                                   void *callback_context,
                                   bool install_handler)
    : dump_path_(),
      filter_(NULL),
      callback_(NULL),
      callback_context_(callback_context),
      directCallback_(callback),
      handler_thread_(NULL),
      handler_port_(MACH_PORT_NULL),
      previous_(NULL),
      installed_exception_handler_(false),
      is_in_teardown_(false),
      last_minidump_write_result_(false),
      use_minidump_write_mutex_(false) {
  MinidumpGenerator::GatherSystemInformation();
  Setup(install_handler);
}

ExceptionHandler::~ExceptionHandler() {
  Teardown();
}

bool ExceptionHandler::WriteMinidump(bool write_exception_stream) {
  // If we're currently writing, just return
  if (use_minidump_write_mutex_)
    return false;

  use_minidump_write_mutex_ = true;
  last_minidump_write_result_ = false;

  // Lock the mutex.  Since we just created it, this will return immediately.
  if (pthread_mutex_lock(&minidump_write_mutex_) == 0) {
    // Send an empty message to the handle port so that a minidump will
    // be written
    SendMessageToHandlerThread(write_exception_stream ?
                               kWriteDumpWithExceptionMessage
                               : kWriteDumpMessage);

    // Wait for the minidump writer to complete its writing.  It will unlock
    // the mutex when completed
    pthread_mutex_lock(&minidump_write_mutex_);
  }

  use_minidump_write_mutex_ = false;
  UpdateNextID();
  return last_minidump_write_result_;
}

// static
bool ExceptionHandler::WriteMinidump(const string &dump_path,
                                     bool write_exception_stream,
                                     MinidumpCallback callback,
                                     void *callback_context) {
  ExceptionHandler handler(dump_path, NULL, callback, callback_context, false,
			   NULL);
  return handler.WriteMinidump(write_exception_stream);
}

// static
bool ExceptionHandler::WriteMinidumpForChild(mach_port_t child,
					     mach_port_t child_blamed_thread,
					     const string &dump_path,
					     MinidumpCallback callback,
					     void *callback_context) {
  ScopedTaskSuspend suspend(child);

  MinidumpGenerator generator(child, MACH_PORT_NULL);
  string dump_id;
  string dump_filename = generator.UniqueNameInDirectory(dump_path, &dump_id);

  generator.SetExceptionInformation(EXC_BREAKPOINT,
#if defined (__i386__) || defined(__x86_64__)
				    EXC_I386_BPT,
#elif defined (__ppc__) || defined (__ppc64__)
				    EXC_PPC_BREAKPOINT,
#else
  #error architecture not supported
#endif
				    0,
				    child_blamed_thread);
  bool result = generator.Write(dump_filename.c_str());

  if (callback) {
    return callback(dump_path.c_str(), dump_id.c_str(),
		    callback_context, result);
  }
  return result;
}

bool ExceptionHandler::WriteMinidumpWithException(int exception_type,
                                                  int exception_code,
                                                  int exception_subcode,
                                                  mach_port_t thread_name,
                                                  bool exit_after_write) {
  bool result = false;

  if (directCallback_) {
    if (directCallback_(callback_context_,
                        exception_type,
                        exception_code,
                        exception_subcode,
                        thread_name) ) {
      if (exit_after_write)
        _exit(exception_type);
    }
  } else if (IsOutOfProcess()) {
    if (exception_type && exception_code) {
      // If this is a real exception, give the filter (if any) a chance to
      // decide if this should be sent.
      if (filter_ && !filter_(callback_context_))
	return false;
      return crash_generation_client_->RequestDumpForException(
	         exception_type,
		 exception_code,
		 exception_subcode,
		 thread_name);
    }
  } else {
    string minidump_id;

    // Putting the MinidumpGenerator in its own context will ensure that the
    // destructor is executed, closing the newly created minidump file.
    if (!dump_path_.empty()) {
      MinidumpGenerator md;
      if (exception_type && exception_code) {
        // If this is a real exception, give the filter (if any) a chance to
        // decide if this should be sent.
        if (filter_ && !filter_(callback_context_))
          return false;

        md.SetExceptionInformation(exception_type, exception_code,
                                   exception_subcode, thread_name);
      }

      result = md.Write(next_minidump_path_c_);
    }

    // Call user specified callback (if any)
    if (callback_) {
      // If the user callback returned true and we're handling an exception
      // (rather than just writing out the file), then we should exit without
      // forwarding the exception to the next handler.
      if (callback_(dump_path_c_, next_minidump_id_c_, callback_context_,
                    result)) {
        if (exit_after_write)
          _exit(exception_type);
      }
    }
  }

  return result;
}

kern_return_t ForwardException(mach_port_t task, mach_port_t failed_thread,
                               exception_type_t exception,
                               exception_data_t code,
                               mach_msg_type_number_t code_count) {
  // At this time, we should have called Uninstall() on the exception handler
  // so that the current exception ports are the ones that we should be
  // forwarding to.
  ExceptionParameters current;

  current.count = EXC_TYPES_COUNT;
  mach_port_t current_task = mach_task_self();
  kern_return_t result = task_get_exception_ports(current_task,
                                                  s_exception_mask,
                                                  current.masks,
                                                  &current.count,
                                                  current.ports,
                                                  current.behaviors,
                                                  current.flavors);

  // Find the first exception handler that matches the exception
  unsigned int found;
  for (found = 0; found < current.count; ++found) {
    if (current.masks[found] & (1 << exception)) {
      break;
    }
  }

  // Nothing to forward
  if (found == current.count) {
    fprintf(stderr, "** No previous ports for forwarding!! \n");
    exit(KERN_FAILURE);
  }

  mach_port_t target_port = current.ports[found];
  exception_behavior_t target_behavior = current.behaviors[found];
  thread_state_flavor_t target_flavor = current.flavors[found];

  mach_msg_type_number_t thread_state_count = THREAD_STATE_MAX;
  breakpad_thread_state_data_t thread_state;
  switch (target_behavior) {
    case EXCEPTION_DEFAULT:
      result = exception_raise(target_port, failed_thread, task, exception,
                               code, code_count);
      break;

    case EXCEPTION_STATE:
      result = thread_get_state(failed_thread, target_flavor, thread_state,
                                &thread_state_count);
      if (result == KERN_SUCCESS)
        result = exception_raise_state(target_port, failed_thread, task,
                                       exception, code,
                                       code_count, &target_flavor,
                                       thread_state, thread_state_count,
                                       thread_state, &thread_state_count);
      if (result == KERN_SUCCESS)
        result = thread_set_state(failed_thread, target_flavor, thread_state,
                                  thread_state_count);
      break;

    case EXCEPTION_STATE_IDENTITY:
      result = thread_get_state(failed_thread, target_flavor, thread_state,
                                &thread_state_count);
      if (result == KERN_SUCCESS)
        result = exception_raise_state_identity(target_port, failed_thread,
                                                task, exception, code,
                                                code_count, &target_flavor,
                                                thread_state,
                                                thread_state_count,
                                                thread_state,
                                                &thread_state_count);
      if (result == KERN_SUCCESS)
        result = thread_set_state(failed_thread, target_flavor, thread_state,
                                  thread_state_count);
      break;

    default:
      fprintf(stderr, "** Unknown exception behavior\n");
      result = KERN_FAILURE;
      break;
  }

  return result;
}

// Callback from exc_server()
kern_return_t catch_exception_raise(mach_port_t port, mach_port_t failed_thread,
                                    mach_port_t task,
                                    exception_type_t exception,
                                    exception_data_t code,
                                    mach_msg_type_number_t code_count) {
  if (task != mach_task_self()) {
    return KERN_FAILURE;
  }
  return ForwardException(task, failed_thread, exception, code, code_count);
}

// static
void *ExceptionHandler::WaitForMessage(void *exception_handler_class) {
  ExceptionHandler *self =
    reinterpret_cast<ExceptionHandler *>(exception_handler_class);
  ExceptionMessage receive;

  // Wait for the exception info
  while (1) {
    receive.header.msgh_local_port = self->handler_port_;
    receive.header.msgh_size = static_cast<mach_msg_size_t>(sizeof(receive));
    kern_return_t result = mach_msg(&(receive.header),
                                    MACH_RCV_MSG | MACH_RCV_LARGE, 0,
                                    receive.header.msgh_size,
                                    self->handler_port_,
                                    MACH_MSG_TIMEOUT_NONE, MACH_PORT_NULL);


    if (result == KERN_SUCCESS) {
      // Uninstall our handler so that we don't get in a loop if the process of
      // writing out a minidump causes an exception.  However, if the exception
      // was caused by a fork'd process, don't uninstall things

      // If the actual exception code is zero, then we're calling this handler
      // in a way that indicates that we want to either exit this thread or
      // generate a minidump
      //
      // While reporting, all threads (except this one) must be suspended
      // to avoid misleading stacks.  If appropriate they will be resumed
      // afterwards.
      if (!receive.exception) {
        // Don't touch self, since this message could have been sent
        // from its destructor.
        if (receive.header.msgh_id == kQuitMessage)
          return NULL;

        self->SuspendThreads();

#if USE_PROTECTED_ALLOCATIONS
        if(gBreakpadAllocator)
          gBreakpadAllocator->Unprotect();
#endif

        mach_port_t thread = MACH_PORT_NULL;
        int exception_type = 0;
        int exception_code = 0;
        if (receive.header.msgh_id == kWriteDumpWithExceptionMessage) {
          thread = receive.thread.name;
          exception_type = EXC_BREAKPOINT;
#if defined (__i386__) || defined(__x86_64__)
          exception_code = EXC_I386_BPT;
#elif defined (__ppc__) || defined (__ppc64__)
          exception_code = EXC_PPC_BREAKPOINT;
#else
  #error architecture not supported
#endif
        }

        // Write out the dump and save the result for later retrieval
        self->last_minidump_write_result_ =
          self->WriteMinidumpWithException(exception_type, exception_code,
                                           0, thread,
                                           exception_type != EXC_BREAKPOINT);

        self->UninstallHandler(false);

#if USE_PROTECTED_ALLOCATIONS
        if(gBreakpadAllocator)
          gBreakpadAllocator->Protect();
#endif

        self->ResumeThreads();

        if (self->use_minidump_write_mutex_)
          pthread_mutex_unlock(&self->minidump_write_mutex_);
      } else {
        // When forking a child process with the exception handler installed,
        // if the child crashes, it will send the exception back to the parent
        // process.  The check for task == self_task() ensures that only
        // exceptions that occur in the parent process are caught and
        // processed.  If the exception was not caused by this task, we
        // still need to call into the exception server and have it return
        // KERN_FAILURE (see breakpad_exception_raise) in order for the kernel
        // to move onto the host exception handler for the child task
        if (receive.task.name == mach_task_self()) {
          self->SuspendThreads();

#if USE_PROTECTED_ALLOCATIONS
        if(gBreakpadAllocator)
          gBreakpadAllocator->Unprotect();
#endif

        int subcode = 0;
        if (receive.exception == EXC_BAD_ACCESS && receive.code_count > 1)
          subcode = receive.code[1];

        // Generate the minidump with the exception data.
        self->WriteMinidumpWithException(receive.exception, receive.code[0],
                                         subcode, receive.thread.name, true);

        self->UninstallHandler(true);

#if USE_PROTECTED_ALLOCATIONS
        if(gBreakpadAllocator)
          gBreakpadAllocator->Protect();
#endif
        }
        // Pass along the exception to the server, which will setup the
        // message and call breakpad_exception_raise() and put the return
        // code into the reply.
        ExceptionReplyMessage reply;
        if (!exc_server(&receive.header, &reply.header))
          exit(1);

        // Send a reply and exit
        result = mach_msg(&(reply.header), MACH_SEND_MSG,
                          reply.header.msgh_size, 0, MACH_PORT_NULL,
                          MACH_MSG_TIMEOUT_NONE, MACH_PORT_NULL);
      }
    }
  }

  return NULL;
}

bool ExceptionHandler::InstallHandler() {
  try {
#if USE_PROTECTED_ALLOCATIONS
    previous_ = new (gBreakpadAllocator->Allocate(sizeof(ExceptionParameters)) )
      ExceptionParameters();
#else
    previous_ = new ExceptionParameters();
#endif

  }
  catch (std::bad_alloc) {
    return false;
  }

  // Save the current exception ports so that we can forward to them
  previous_->count = EXC_TYPES_COUNT;
  mach_port_t current_task = mach_task_self();
  kern_return_t result = task_get_exception_ports(current_task,
                                                  s_exception_mask,
                                                  previous_->masks,
                                                  &previous_->count,
                                                  previous_->ports,
                                                  previous_->behaviors,
                                                  previous_->flavors);

  // Setup the exception ports on this task
  if (result == KERN_SUCCESS)
    result = task_set_exception_ports(current_task, s_exception_mask,
                                      handler_port_, EXCEPTION_DEFAULT,
                                      THREAD_STATE_NONE);

  installed_exception_handler_ = (result == KERN_SUCCESS);

  return installed_exception_handler_;
}

bool ExceptionHandler::UninstallHandler(bool in_exception) {
  kern_return_t result = KERN_SUCCESS;

  if (installed_exception_handler_) {
    mach_port_t current_task = mach_task_self();

    // Restore the previous ports
    for (unsigned int i = 0; i < previous_->count; ++i) {
       result = task_set_exception_ports(current_task, previous_->masks[i],
                                        previous_->ports[i],
                                        previous_->behaviors[i],
                                        previous_->flavors[i]);
      if (result != KERN_SUCCESS)
        return false;
    }

    // this delete should NOT happen if an exception just occurred!
    if (!in_exception) {
#if USE_PROTECTED_ALLOCATIONS
      previous_->~ExceptionParameters();
#else
      delete previous_;
#endif
    }

    previous_ = NULL;
    installed_exception_handler_ = false;
  }

  return result == KERN_SUCCESS;
}

bool ExceptionHandler::Setup(bool install_handler) {
  if (pthread_mutex_init(&minidump_write_mutex_, NULL))
    return false;

  // Create a receive right
  mach_port_t current_task = mach_task_self();
  kern_return_t result = mach_port_allocate(current_task,
                                            MACH_PORT_RIGHT_RECEIVE,
                                            &handler_port_);
  // Add send right
  if (result == KERN_SUCCESS)
    result = mach_port_insert_right(current_task, handler_port_, handler_port_,
                                    MACH_MSG_TYPE_MAKE_SEND);

  if (install_handler && result == KERN_SUCCESS)
    if (!InstallHandler())
      return false;

  if (result == KERN_SUCCESS) {
    // Install the handler in its own thread, detached as we won't be joining.
    pthread_attr_t attr;
    pthread_attr_init(&attr);
    pthread_attr_setdetachstate(&attr, PTHREAD_CREATE_DETACHED);
    int thread_create_result = pthread_create(&handler_thread_, &attr,
                                              &WaitForMessage, this);
    pthread_attr_destroy(&attr);
    result = thread_create_result ? KERN_FAILURE : KERN_SUCCESS;
  }

  return result == KERN_SUCCESS ? true : false;
}

bool ExceptionHandler::Teardown() {
  kern_return_t result = KERN_SUCCESS;
  is_in_teardown_ = true;

  if (!UninstallHandler(false))
    return false;

  // Send an empty message so that the handler_thread exits
  if (SendMessageToHandlerThread(kQuitMessage)) {
    mach_port_t current_task = mach_task_self();
    result = mach_port_deallocate(current_task, handler_port_);
    if (result != KERN_SUCCESS)
      return false;
  } else {
    return false;
  }

  handler_thread_ = NULL;
  handler_port_ = NULL;
  pthread_mutex_destroy(&minidump_write_mutex_);

  return result == KERN_SUCCESS;
}

bool ExceptionHandler::SendMessageToHandlerThread(mach_msg_id_t message_id) {
  ExceptionMessage msg;
  memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
  msg.header.msgh_id = message_id;
  if (message_id == kWriteDumpMessage ||
      message_id == kWriteDumpWithExceptionMessage) {
    // Include this thread's port.
    msg.thread.name = mach_thread_self();
    msg.thread.disposition = MACH_MSG_TYPE_PORT_SEND;
    msg.thread.type = MACH_MSG_PORT_DESCRIPTOR;
  }
  msg.header.msgh_size = sizeof(msg) - sizeof(msg.padding);
  msg.header.msgh_remote_port = handler_port_;
  msg.header.msgh_bits = MACH_MSGH_BITS(MACH_MSG_TYPE_COPY_SEND,
                                          MACH_MSG_TYPE_MAKE_SEND_ONCE);
  kern_return_t result = mach_msg(&(msg.header),
                                  MACH_SEND_MSG | MACH_SEND_TIMEOUT,
                                  msg.header.msgh_size, 0, 0,
                                  MACH_MSG_TIMEOUT_NONE, MACH_PORT_NULL);

  return result == KERN_SUCCESS;
}

void ExceptionHandler::UpdateNextID() {
  next_minidump_path_ =
    (MinidumpGenerator::UniqueNameInDirectory(dump_path_, &next_minidump_id_));

  next_minidump_path_c_ = next_minidump_path_.c_str();
  next_minidump_id_c_ = next_minidump_id_.c_str();
}

bool ExceptionHandler::SuspendThreads() {
  thread_act_port_array_t   threads_for_task;
  mach_msg_type_number_t    thread_count;

  if (task_threads(mach_task_self(), &threads_for_task, &thread_count))
    return false;

  // suspend all of the threads except for this one
  for (unsigned int i = 0; i < thread_count; ++i) {
    if (threads_for_task[i] != mach_thread_self()) {
      if (thread_suspend(threads_for_task[i]))
        return false;
    }
  }

  return true;
}

bool ExceptionHandler::ResumeThreads() {
  thread_act_port_array_t   threads_for_task;
  mach_msg_type_number_t    thread_count;

  if (task_threads(mach_task_self(), &threads_for_task, &thread_count))
    return false;

  // resume all of the threads except for this one
  for (unsigned int i = 0; i < thread_count; ++i) {
    if (threads_for_task[i] != mach_thread_self()) {
      if (thread_resume(threads_for_task[i]))
        return false;
    }
  }

  return true;
}

}  // namespace google_breakpad