ipc/glue/RPCChannel.h
author Chris Jones <jones.chris.g@gmail.com>
Tue, 26 Jan 2010 22:56:11 -0600
changeset 46612 fffccafd827fc2cce40c6185c461cbcc4dce0683
parent 37474 925601df843fdb59381d9c9a5e26961b8ae855c1
child 38100 b89339a2523d8ace64c6ce60fa38fc8eb2067c27
permissions -rw-r--r--
Bug 540111, part 2: Subsume direct calls to manager->Dealloc*() into RemoveManagee(). r=bent

/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 4; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 4 -*-
 * vim: sw=4 ts=4 et :
 * ***** BEGIN LICENSE BLOCK *****
 * Version: MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License Version
 * 1.1 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/
 *
 * Software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" basis,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License
 * for the specific language governing rights and limitations under the
 * License.
 *
 * The Original Code is Mozilla Plugin App.
 *
 * The Initial Developer of the Original Code is
 *   Chris Jones <jones.chris.g@gmail.com>
 * Portions created by the Initial Developer are Copyright (C) 2009
 * the Initial Developer. All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * Contributor(s):
 *
 * Alternatively, the contents of this file may be used under the terms of
 * either the GNU General Public License Version 2 or later (the "GPL"), or
 * the GNU Lesser General Public License Version 2.1 or later (the "LGPL"),
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 * ***** END LICENSE BLOCK ***** */

#ifndef ipc_glue_RPCChannel_h
#define ipc_glue_RPCChannel_h 1

// FIXME/cjones probably shouldn't depend on STL
#include <queue>
#include <stack>

#include "mozilla/ipc/SyncChannel.h"

namespace mozilla {
namespace ipc {
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

class RPCChannel : public SyncChannel
{
public:
    class /*NS_INTERFACE_CLASS*/ RPCListener :
        public SyncChannel::SyncListener
    {
    public:
        virtual ~RPCListener() { }

        virtual void OnChannelClose() = 0;
        virtual void OnChannelError() = 0;
        virtual Result OnMessageReceived(const Message& aMessage) = 0;
        virtual Result OnMessageReceived(const Message& aMessage,
                                         Message*& aReply) = 0;
        virtual Result OnCallReceived(const Message& aMessage,
                                      Message*& aReply) = 0;
    };

    // What happens if RPC calls race?
    enum RacyRPCPolicy {
        RRPError,
        RRPChildWins,
        RRPParentWins
    };

    RPCChannel(RPCListener* aListener, RacyRPCPolicy aPolicy=RRPChildWins);

    virtual ~RPCChannel();

    // Make an RPC to the other side of the channel
    bool Call(Message* msg, Message* reply);

    // Override the SyncChannel handler so we can dispatch RPC
    // messages.  Called on the IO thread only.
    NS_OVERRIDE virtual void OnMessageReceived(const Message& msg);
    NS_OVERRIDE virtual void OnChannelError();

private:
    // Called on worker thread only

    void MaybeProcessDeferredIncall();
    void EnqueuePendingMessages();

    void OnMaybeDequeueOne();
    void Incall(const Message& call, size_t stackDepth);
    void DispatchIncall(const Message& call);

    // Called from both threads
    size_t StackDepth() {
        mMutex.AssertCurrentThreadOwns();
        return mStack.size();
    }

    void DebugAbort(const char* file, int line, const char* cond,
                    const char* why,
                    const char* type="rpc", bool reply=false);

    // 
    // Queue of all incoming messages, except for replies to sync
    // messages, which are delivered directly to the SyncChannel
    // through its mRecvd member.
    //
    // If both this side and the other side are functioning correctly,
    // the queue can only be in certain configurations.  Let
    // 
    //   |A<| be an async in-message,
    //   |S<| be a sync in-message,
    //   |C<| be an RPC in-call,
    //   |R<| be an RPC reply.
    // 
    // The queue can only match this configuration
    // 
    //  A<* (S< | C< | R< (?{mStack.size() == 1} A<* (S< | C<)))
    //
    // The other side can send as many async messages |A<*| as it
    // wants before sending us a blocking message.
    //
    // The first case is |S<|, a sync in-msg.  The other side must be
    // blocked, and thus can't send us any more messages until we
    // process the sync in-msg.
    //
    // The second case is |C<|, an RPC in-call; the other side must be
    // blocked.  (There's a subtlety here: this in-call might have
    // raced with an out-call, but we detect that with the mechanism
    // below, |mRemoteStackDepth|, and races don't matter to the
    // queue.)
    //
    // Final case, the other side replied to our most recent out-call
    // |R<|.  If that was the *only* out-call on our stack,
    // |?{mStack.size() == 1}|, then other side "finished with us,"
    // and went back to its own business.  That business might have
    // included sending any number of async message |A<*| until
    // sending a blocking message |(S< | C<)|.  If we had more than
    // one RPC call on our stack, the other side *better* not have
    // sent us another blocking message, because it's blocked on a
    // reply from us.
    // 
    std::queue<Message> mPending;

    // 
    // Stack of all the RPC out-calls on which this RPCChannel is
    // awaiting a response.
    //
    std::stack<Message> mStack;

    //
    // Stack of replies received "out of turn", because of RPC
    // in-calls racing with replies to outstanding in-calls.  See
    // https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=521929.
    //
    std::stack<Message> mOutOfTurnReplies;

    //
    // Stack of RPC in-calls that were deferred because of race
    // conditions.
    //
    std::stack<Message> mDeferred;

    //
    // This is what we think the RPC stack depth is on the "other
    // side" of this RPC channel.  We maintain this variable so that
    // we can detect racy RPC calls.  With each RPC out-call sent, we
    // send along what *we* think the stack depth of the remote side
    // is *before* it will receive the RPC call.
    //
    // After sending the out-call, our stack depth is "incremented"
    // by pushing that pending message onto mPending.
    //
    // Then when processing an in-call |c|, it must be true that
    //
    //   mStack.size() == c.remoteDepth
    //
    // i.e., my depth is actually the same as what the other side
    // thought it was when it sent in-call |c|.  If this fails to
    // hold, we have detected racy RPC calls.
    //
    // We then increment mRemoteStackDepth *just before* processing
    // the in-call, since we know the other side is waiting on it, and
    // decrement it *just after* finishing processing that in-call,
    // since our response will pop the top of the other side's
    // |mPending|.
    //
    // One nice aspect of this race detection is that it is symmetric;
    // if one side detects a race, then the other side must also 
    // detect the same race.
    //
    size_t mRemoteStackDepthGuess;
    RacyRPCPolicy mRacePolicy;
};


} // namespace ipc
} // namespace mozilla
#endif  // ifndef ipc_glue_RPCChannel_h