toolkit/devtools/gcli/Templater.jsm
author Joe Walker <jwalker@mozilla.com>
Tue, 03 Sep 2013 12:20:27 +0100
changeset 171432 02ad58b1882330b55191ad03886e78d2f839f665
parent 131992 511d15a517bd62fb410cf3830b77334925b23e8a
permissions -rw-r--r--
Bug 933727 - Split gcli.jsm and use JS directly from gcli project; r=mratcliffe * * * Bug 933727 - Update Developer Toolbar to use promises and split out GCLI; r=mratcliffe * * * Bug 933727 - Update GCLI tests to use Task.spawn; r=mratcliffe * * * Bug 933727 - Update the Inspector to use split out GCLI; r=pbrosset * * * Bug 933727 - Update style editor to use split out GCLI; r=harth * * * Bug 933727 - Update Debugger to use split out GCLI; r=past * * * Bug 933727 - Update Profiler/Tilt/Scratchpad to use split out GCLI; r=valueof

/*
 * Copyright 2012, Mozilla Foundation and contributors
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 * http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

this.EXPORTED_SYMBOLS = [ "template" ];
Components.utils.import("resource://gre/modules/XPCOMUtils.jsm");
XPCOMUtils.defineLazyModuleGetter(this, "console",
                                  "resource://gre/modules/devtools/Console.jsm");

'do not use strict';

// WARNING: do not 'use strict' without reading the notes in envEval();
// Also don't remove the 'do not use strict' marker. The orion build uses these
// markers to know where to insert AMD headers.

/**
 * For full documentation, see:
 * https://github.com/mozilla/domtemplate/blob/master/README.md
 */

/**
 * Begin a new templating process.
 * @param node A DOM element or string referring to an element's id
 * @param data Data to use in filling out the template
 * @param options Options to customize the template processing. One of:
 * - allowEval: boolean (default false) Basic template interpolations are
 *   either property paths (e.g. ${a.b.c.d}), or if allowEval=true then we
 *   allow arbitrary JavaScript
 * - stack: string or array of strings (default empty array) The template
 *   engine maintains a stack of tasks to help debug where it is. This allows
 *   this stack to be prefixed with a template name
 * - blankNullUndefined: By default DOMTemplate exports null and undefined
 *   values using the strings 'null' and 'undefined', which can be helpful for
 *   debugging, but can introduce unnecessary extra logic in a template to
 *   convert null/undefined to ''. By setting blankNullUndefined:true, this
 *   conversion is handled by DOMTemplate
 */
var template = function(node, data, options) {
  var state = {
    options: options || {},
    // We keep a track of the nodes that we've passed through so we can keep
    // data.__element pointing to the correct node
    nodes: []
  };

  state.stack = state.options.stack;

  if (!Array.isArray(state.stack)) {
    if (typeof state.stack === 'string') {
      state.stack = [ options.stack ];
    }
    else {
      state.stack = [];
    }
  }

  processNode(state, node, data);
};

//
//
//

/**
 * Helper for the places where we need to act asynchronously and keep track of
 * where we are right now
 */
function cloneState(state) {
  return {
    options: state.options,
    stack: state.stack.slice(),
    nodes: state.nodes.slice()
  };
}

/**
 * Regex used to find ${...} sections in some text.
 * Performance note: This regex uses ( and ) to capture the 'script' for
 * further processing. Not all of the uses of this regex use this feature so
 * if use of the capturing group is a performance drain then we should split
 * this regex in two.
 */
var TEMPLATE_REGION = /\$\{([^}]*)\}/g;

/**
 * Recursive function to walk the tree processing the attributes as it goes.
 * @param node the node to process. If you pass a string in instead of a DOM
 * element, it is assumed to be an id for use with document.getElementById()
 * @param data the data to use for node processing.
 */
function processNode(state, node, data) {
  if (typeof node === 'string') {
    node = document.getElementById(node);
  }
  if (data == null) {
    data = {};
  }
  state.stack.push(node.nodeName + (node.id ? '#' + node.id : ''));
  var pushedNode = false;
  try {
    // Process attributes
    if (node.attributes && node.attributes.length) {
      // We need to handle 'foreach' and 'if' first because they might stop
      // some types of processing from happening, and foreach must come first
      // because it defines new data on which 'if' might depend.
      if (node.hasAttribute('foreach')) {
        processForEach(state, node, data);
        return;
      }
      if (node.hasAttribute('if')) {
        if (!processIf(state, node, data)) {
          return;
        }
      }
      // Only make the node available once we know it's not going away
      state.nodes.push(data.__element);
      data.__element = node;
      pushedNode = true;
      // It's good to clean up the attributes when we've processed them,
      // but if we do it straight away, we mess up the array index
      var attrs = Array.prototype.slice.call(node.attributes);
      for (var i = 0; i < attrs.length; i++) {
        var value = attrs[i].value;
        var name = attrs[i].name;

        state.stack.push(name);
        try {
          if (name === 'save') {
            // Save attributes are a setter using the node
            value = stripBraces(state, value);
            property(state, value, data, node);
            node.removeAttribute('save');
          }
          else if (name.substring(0, 2) === 'on') {
            // If this attribute value contains only an expression
            if (value.substring(0, 2) === '${' && value.slice(-1) === '}' &&
                    value.indexOf('${', 2) === -1) {
              value = stripBraces(state, value);
              var func = property(state, value, data);
              if (typeof func === 'function') {
                node.removeAttribute(name);
                var capture = node.hasAttribute('capture' + name.substring(2));
                node.addEventListener(name.substring(2), func, capture);
                if (capture) {
                  node.removeAttribute('capture' + name.substring(2));
                }
              }
              else {
                // Attribute value is not a function - use as a DOM-L0 string
                node.setAttribute(name, func);
              }
            }
            else {
              // Attribute value is not a single expression use as DOM-L0
              node.setAttribute(name, processString(state, value, data));
            }
          }
          else {
            node.removeAttribute(name);
            // Remove '_' prefix of attribute names so the DOM won't try
            // to use them before we've processed the template
            if (name.charAt(0) === '_') {
              name = name.substring(1);
            }

            // Async attributes can only work if the whole attribute is async
            var replacement;
            if (value.indexOf('${') === 0 &&
                value.charAt(value.length - 1) === '}') {
              replacement = envEval(state, value.slice(2, -1), data, value);
              if (replacement && typeof replacement.then === 'function') {
                node.setAttribute(name, '');
                replacement.then(function(newValue) {
                  node.setAttribute(name, newValue);
                }).then(null, console.error);
              }
              else {
                if (state.options.blankNullUndefined && replacement == null) {
                  replacement = '';
                }
                node.setAttribute(name, replacement);
              }
            }
            else {
              node.setAttribute(name, processString(state, value, data));
            }
          }
        }
        finally {
          state.stack.pop();
        }
      }
    }

    // Loop through our children calling processNode. First clone them, so the
    // set of nodes that we visit will be unaffected by additions or removals.
    var childNodes = Array.prototype.slice.call(node.childNodes);
    for (var j = 0; j < childNodes.length; j++) {
      processNode(state, childNodes[j], data);
    }

    if (node.nodeType === 3 /*Node.TEXT_NODE*/) {
      processTextNode(state, node, data);
    }
  }
  finally {
    if (pushedNode) {
      data.__element = state.nodes.pop();
    }
    state.stack.pop();
  }
}

/**
 * Handle attribute values where the output can only be a string
 */
function processString(state, value, data) {
  return value.replace(TEMPLATE_REGION, function(path) {
    var insert = envEval(state, path.slice(2, -1), data, value);
    return state.options.blankNullUndefined && insert == null ? '' : insert;
  });
}

/**
 * Handle <x if="${...}">
 * @param node An element with an 'if' attribute
 * @param data The data to use with envEval()
 * @returns true if processing should continue, false otherwise
 */
function processIf(state, node, data) {
  state.stack.push('if');
  try {
    var originalValue = node.getAttribute('if');
    var value = stripBraces(state, originalValue);
    var recurse = true;
    try {
      var reply = envEval(state, value, data, originalValue);
      recurse = !!reply;
    }
    catch (ex) {
      handleError(state, 'Error with \'' + value + '\'', ex);
      recurse = false;
    }
    if (!recurse) {
      node.parentNode.removeChild(node);
    }
    node.removeAttribute('if');
    return recurse;
  }
  finally {
    state.stack.pop();
  }
}

/**
 * Handle <x foreach="param in ${array}"> and the special case of
 * <loop foreach="param in ${array}">.
 * This function is responsible for extracting what it has to do from the
 * attributes, and getting the data to work on (including resolving promises
 * in getting the array). It delegates to processForEachLoop to actually
 * unroll the data.
 * @param node An element with a 'foreach' attribute
 * @param data The data to use with envEval()
 */
function processForEach(state, node, data) {
  state.stack.push('foreach');
  try {
    var originalValue = node.getAttribute('foreach');
    var value = originalValue;

    var paramName = 'param';
    if (value.charAt(0) === '$') {
      // No custom loop variable name. Use the default: 'param'
      value = stripBraces(state, value);
    }
    else {
      // Extract the loop variable name from 'NAME in ${ARRAY}'
      var nameArr = value.split(' in ');
      paramName = nameArr[0].trim();
      value = stripBraces(state, nameArr[1].trim());
    }
    node.removeAttribute('foreach');
    try {
      var evaled = envEval(state, value, data, originalValue);
      var cState = cloneState(state);
      handleAsync(evaled, node, function(reply, siblingNode) {
        processForEachLoop(cState, reply, node, siblingNode, data, paramName);
      });
      node.parentNode.removeChild(node);
    }
    catch (ex) {
      handleError(state, 'Error with \'' + value + '\'', ex);
    }
  }
  finally {
    state.stack.pop();
  }
}

/**
 * Called by processForEach to handle looping over the data in a foreach loop.
 * This works with both arrays and objects.
 * Calls processForEachMember() for each member of 'set'
 * @param set The object containing the data to loop over
 * @param templNode The node to copy for each set member
 * @param sibling The sibling node to which we add things
 * @param data the data to use for node processing
 * @param paramName foreach loops have a name for the parameter currently being
 * processed. The default is 'param'. e.g. <loop foreach="param in ${x}">...
 */
function processForEachLoop(state, set, templNode, sibling, data, paramName) {
  if (Array.isArray(set)) {
    set.forEach(function(member, i) {
      processForEachMember(state, member, templNode, sibling,
                           data, paramName, '' + i);
    });
  }
  else {
    for (var member in set) {
      if (set.hasOwnProperty(member)) {
        processForEachMember(state, member, templNode, sibling,
                             data, paramName, member);
      }
    }
  }
}

/**
 * Called by processForEachLoop() to resolve any promises in the array (the
 * array itself can also be a promise, but that is resolved by
 * processForEach()). Handle <LOOP> elements (which are taken out of the DOM),
 * clone the template node, and pass the processing on to processNode().
 * @param member The data item to use in templating
 * @param templNode The node to copy for each set member
 * @param siblingNode The parent node to which we add things
 * @param data the data to use for node processing
 * @param paramName The name given to 'member' by the foreach attribute
 * @param frame A name to push on the stack for debugging
 */
function processForEachMember(state, member, templNode, siblingNode, data, paramName, frame) {
  state.stack.push(frame);
  try {
    var cState = cloneState(state);
    handleAsync(member, siblingNode, function(reply, node) {
      data[paramName] = reply;
      if (node.parentNode != null) {
        if (templNode.nodeName.toLowerCase() === 'loop') {
          for (var i = 0; i < templNode.childNodes.length; i++) {
            var clone = templNode.childNodes[i].cloneNode(true);
            node.parentNode.insertBefore(clone, node);
            processNode(cState, clone, data);
          }
        }
        else {
          var clone = templNode.cloneNode(true);
          clone.removeAttribute('foreach');
          node.parentNode.insertBefore(clone, node);
          processNode(cState, clone, data);
        }
      }
      delete data[paramName];
    });
  }
  finally {
    state.stack.pop();
  }
}

/**
 * Take a text node and replace it with another text node with the ${...}
 * sections parsed out. We replace the node by altering node.parentNode but
 * we could probably use a DOM Text API to achieve the same thing.
 * @param node The Text node to work on
 * @param data The data to use in calls to envEval()
 */
function processTextNode(state, node, data) {
  // Replace references in other attributes
  var value = node.data;
  // We can't use the string.replace() with function trick (see generic
  // attribute processing in processNode()) because we need to support
  // functions that return DOM nodes, so we can't have the conversion to a
  // string.
  // Instead we process the string as an array of parts. In order to split
  // the string up, we first replace '${' with '\uF001$' and '}' with '\uF002'
  // We can then split using \uF001 or \uF002 to get an array of strings
  // where scripts are prefixed with $.
  // \uF001 and \uF002 are just unicode chars reserved for private use.
  value = value.replace(TEMPLATE_REGION, '\uF001$$$1\uF002');
  // Split a string using the unicode chars F001 and F002.
  var parts = value.split(/\uF001|\uF002/);
  if (parts.length > 1) {
    parts.forEach(function(part) {
      if (part === null || part === undefined || part === '') {
        return;
      }
      if (part.charAt(0) === '$') {
        part = envEval(state, part.slice(1), data, node.data);
      }
      var cState = cloneState(state);
      handleAsync(part, node, function(reply, siblingNode) {
        var doc = siblingNode.ownerDocument;
        if (reply == null) {
          reply = cState.options.blankNullUndefined ? '' : '' + reply;
        }
        if (typeof reply.cloneNode === 'function') {
          // i.e. if (reply instanceof Element) { ...
          reply = maybeImportNode(cState, reply, doc);
          siblingNode.parentNode.insertBefore(reply, siblingNode);
        }
        else if (typeof reply.item === 'function' && reply.length) {
          // NodeLists can be live, in which case maybeImportNode can
          // remove them from the document, and thus the NodeList, which in
          // turn breaks iteration. So first we clone the list
          var list = Array.prototype.slice.call(reply, 0);
          list.forEach(function(child) {
            var imported = maybeImportNode(cState, child, doc);
            siblingNode.parentNode.insertBefore(imported, siblingNode);
          });
        }
        else {
          // if thing isn't a DOM element then wrap its string value in one
          reply = doc.createTextNode(reply.toString());
          siblingNode.parentNode.insertBefore(reply, siblingNode);
        }
      });
    });
    node.parentNode.removeChild(node);
  }
}

/**
 * Return node or a import of node, if it's not in the given document
 * @param node The node that we want to be properly owned
 * @param doc The document that the given node should belong to
 * @return A node that belongs to the given document
 */
function maybeImportNode(state, node, doc) {
  return node.ownerDocument === doc ? node : doc.importNode(node, true);
}

/**
 * A function to handle the fact that some nodes can be promises, so we check
 * and resolve if needed using a marker node to keep our place before calling
 * an inserter function.
 * @param thing The object which could be real data or a promise of real data
 * we use it directly if it's not a promise, or resolve it if it is.
 * @param siblingNode The element before which we insert new elements.
 * @param inserter The function to to the insertion. If thing is not a promise
 * then handleAsync() is just 'inserter(thing, siblingNode)'
 */
function handleAsync(thing, siblingNode, inserter) {
  if (thing != null && typeof thing.then === 'function') {
    // Placeholder element to be replaced once we have the real data
    var tempNode = siblingNode.ownerDocument.createElement('span');
    siblingNode.parentNode.insertBefore(tempNode, siblingNode);
    thing.then(function(delayed) {
      inserter(delayed, tempNode);
      if (tempNode.parentNode != null) {
        tempNode.parentNode.removeChild(tempNode);
      }
    }).then(null, function(error) {
      console.error(error.stack);
    });
  }
  else {
    inserter(thing, siblingNode);
  }
}

/**
 * Warn of string does not begin '${' and end '}'
 * @param str the string to check.
 * @return The string stripped of ${ and }, or untouched if it does not match
 */
function stripBraces(state, str) {
  if (!str.match(TEMPLATE_REGION)) {
    handleError(state, 'Expected ' + str + ' to match ${...}');
    return str;
  }
  return str.slice(2, -1);
}

/**
 * Combined getter and setter that works with a path through some data set.
 * For example:
 * <ul>
 * <li>property(state, 'a.b', { a: { b: 99 }}); // returns 99
 * <li>property(state, 'a', { a: { b: 99 }}); // returns { b: 99 }
 * <li>property(state, 'a', { a: { b: 99 }}, 42); // returns 99 and alters the
 * input data to be { a: { b: 42 }}
 * </ul>
 * @param path An array of strings indicating the path through the data, or
 * a string to be cut into an array using <tt>split('.')</tt>
 * @param data the data to use for node processing
 * @param newValue (optional) If defined, this value will replace the
 * original value for the data at the path specified.
 * @return The value pointed to by <tt>path</tt> before any
 * <tt>newValue</tt> is applied.
 */
function property(state, path, data, newValue) {
  try {
    if (typeof path === 'string') {
      path = path.split('.');
    }
    var value = data[path[0]];
    if (path.length === 1) {
      if (newValue !== undefined) {
        data[path[0]] = newValue;
      }
      if (typeof value === 'function') {
        return value.bind(data);
      }
      return value;
    }
    if (!value) {
      handleError(state, '"' + path[0] + '" is undefined');
      return null;
    }
    return property(state, path.slice(1), value, newValue);
  }
  catch (ex) {
    handleError(state, 'Path error with \'' + path + '\'', ex);
    return '${' + path + '}';
  }
}

/**
 * Like eval, but that creates a context of the variables in <tt>env</tt> in
 * which the script is evaluated.
 * WARNING: This script uses 'with' which is generally regarded to be evil.
 * The alternative is to create a Function at runtime that takes X parameters
 * according to the X keys in the env object, and then call that function using
 * the values in the env object. This is likely to be slow, but workable.
 * @param script The string to be evaluated.
 * @param data The environment in which to eval the script.
 * @param frame Optional debugging string in case of failure.
 * @return The return value of the script, or the error message if the script
 * execution failed.
 */
function envEval(state, script, data, frame) {
  try {
    state.stack.push(frame.replace(/\s+/g, ' '));
    // Detect if a script is capable of being interpreted using property()
    if (/^[_a-zA-Z0-9.]*$/.test(script)) {
      return property(state, script, data);
    }
    else {
      if (!state.options.allowEval) {
        handleError(state, 'allowEval is not set, however \'' + script + '\'' +
            ' can not be resolved using a simple property path.');
        return '${' + script + '}';
      }
      with (data) {
        return eval(script);
      }
    }
  }
  catch (ex) {
    handleError(state, 'Template error evaluating \'' + script + '\'', ex);
    return '${' + script + '}';
  }
  finally {
    state.stack.pop();
  }
}

/**
 * A generic way of reporting errors, for easy overloading in different
 * environments.
 * @param message the error message to report.
 * @param ex optional associated exception.
 */
function handleError(state, message, ex) {
  logError(message + ' (In: ' + state.stack.join(' > ') + ')');
  if (ex) {
    logError(ex);
  }
}

/**
 * A generic way of reporting errors, for easy overloading in different
 * environments.
 * @param message the error message to report.
 */
function logError(message) {
  console.log(message);
}