mercurial/win32.py
author rdamazio@google.com
Mon, 10 Dec 2018 17:49:51 -0800
changeset 53699 4e17679c336bc38709c32d9b8972f0e402e0057a
parent 51218 24e493ec222940123642f4dfcb8b3e5f0248d546
permissions -rw-r--r--
remotefilelog: accepting a None node to cmp In context.py, basefilectx.cmp explicitly calls it with None, so it has to be supported. Specifically, this breaks "hg absorb -i" currently. Differential Revision: https://phab.mercurial-scm.org/D5409

# win32.py - utility functions that use win32 API
#
# Copyright 2005-2009 Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com> and others
#
# This software may be used and distributed according to the terms of the
# GNU General Public License version 2 or any later version.

from __future__ import absolute_import

import ctypes
import ctypes.wintypes as wintypes
import errno
import msvcrt
import os
import random
import subprocess

from . import (
    encoding,
    pycompat,
)

_kernel32 = ctypes.windll.kernel32
_advapi32 = ctypes.windll.advapi32
_user32 = ctypes.windll.user32
_crypt32 = ctypes.windll.crypt32

_BOOL = ctypes.c_long
_WORD = ctypes.c_ushort
_DWORD = ctypes.c_ulong
_UINT = ctypes.c_uint
_LONG = ctypes.c_long
_LPCSTR = _LPSTR = ctypes.c_char_p
_HANDLE = ctypes.c_void_p
_HWND = _HANDLE
_PCCERT_CONTEXT = ctypes.c_void_p
_MAX_PATH = wintypes.MAX_PATH

_INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE = _HANDLE(-1).value

# GetLastError
_ERROR_SUCCESS = 0
_ERROR_NO_MORE_FILES = 18
_ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER = 87
_ERROR_BROKEN_PIPE = 109
_ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER = 122
_ERROR_NO_DATA = 232

# WPARAM is defined as UINT_PTR (unsigned type)
# LPARAM is defined as LONG_PTR (signed type)
if ctypes.sizeof(ctypes.c_long) == ctypes.sizeof(ctypes.c_void_p):
    _WPARAM = ctypes.c_ulong
    _LPARAM = ctypes.c_long
elif ctypes.sizeof(ctypes.c_longlong) == ctypes.sizeof(ctypes.c_void_p):
    _WPARAM = ctypes.c_ulonglong
    _LPARAM = ctypes.c_longlong

class _FILETIME(ctypes.Structure):
    _fields_ = [(r'dwLowDateTime', _DWORD),
                (r'dwHighDateTime', _DWORD)]

class _BY_HANDLE_FILE_INFORMATION(ctypes.Structure):
    _fields_ = [(r'dwFileAttributes', _DWORD),
                (r'ftCreationTime', _FILETIME),
                (r'ftLastAccessTime', _FILETIME),
                (r'ftLastWriteTime', _FILETIME),
                (r'dwVolumeSerialNumber', _DWORD),
                (r'nFileSizeHigh', _DWORD),
                (r'nFileSizeLow', _DWORD),
                (r'nNumberOfLinks', _DWORD),
                (r'nFileIndexHigh', _DWORD),
                (r'nFileIndexLow', _DWORD)]

# CreateFile
_FILE_SHARE_READ = 0x00000001
_FILE_SHARE_WRITE = 0x00000002
_FILE_SHARE_DELETE = 0x00000004

_OPEN_EXISTING = 3

_FILE_FLAG_BACKUP_SEMANTICS = 0x02000000

# SetFileAttributes
_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL = 0x80
_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NOT_CONTENT_INDEXED = 0x2000

# Process Security and Access Rights
_PROCESS_QUERY_INFORMATION = 0x0400

# GetExitCodeProcess
_STILL_ACTIVE = 259

class _STARTUPINFO(ctypes.Structure):
    _fields_ = [(r'cb', _DWORD),
                (r'lpReserved', _LPSTR),
                (r'lpDesktop', _LPSTR),
                (r'lpTitle', _LPSTR),
                (r'dwX', _DWORD),
                (r'dwY', _DWORD),
                (r'dwXSize', _DWORD),
                (r'dwYSize', _DWORD),
                (r'dwXCountChars', _DWORD),
                (r'dwYCountChars', _DWORD),
                (r'dwFillAttribute', _DWORD),
                (r'dwFlags', _DWORD),
                (r'wShowWindow', _WORD),
                (r'cbReserved2', _WORD),
                (r'lpReserved2', ctypes.c_char_p),
                (r'hStdInput', _HANDLE),
                (r'hStdOutput', _HANDLE),
                (r'hStdError', _HANDLE)]

class _PROCESS_INFORMATION(ctypes.Structure):
    _fields_ = [(r'hProcess', _HANDLE),
                (r'hThread', _HANDLE),
                (r'dwProcessId', _DWORD),
                (r'dwThreadId', _DWORD)]

_CREATE_NO_WINDOW = 0x08000000
_SW_HIDE = 0

class _COORD(ctypes.Structure):
    _fields_ = [(r'X', ctypes.c_short),
                (r'Y', ctypes.c_short)]

class _SMALL_RECT(ctypes.Structure):
    _fields_ = [(r'Left', ctypes.c_short),
                (r'Top', ctypes.c_short),
                (r'Right', ctypes.c_short),
                (r'Bottom', ctypes.c_short)]

class _CONSOLE_SCREEN_BUFFER_INFO(ctypes.Structure):
    _fields_ = [(r'dwSize', _COORD),
                (r'dwCursorPosition', _COORD),
                (r'wAttributes', _WORD),
                (r'srWindow', _SMALL_RECT),
                (r'dwMaximumWindowSize', _COORD)]

_STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE = _DWORD(-11).value
_STD_ERROR_HANDLE = _DWORD(-12).value

# CERT_TRUST_STATUS dwErrorStatus
CERT_TRUST_IS_PARTIAL_CHAIN = 0x10000

# CertCreateCertificateContext encodings
X509_ASN_ENCODING = 0x00000001
PKCS_7_ASN_ENCODING = 0x00010000

# These structs are only complete enough to achieve what we need.
class CERT_CHAIN_CONTEXT(ctypes.Structure):
    _fields_ = (
        (r"cbSize", _DWORD),

        # CERT_TRUST_STATUS struct
        (r"dwErrorStatus", _DWORD),
        (r"dwInfoStatus", _DWORD),

        (r"cChain", _DWORD),
        (r"rgpChain", ctypes.c_void_p),
        (r"cLowerQualityChainContext", _DWORD),
        (r"rgpLowerQualityChainContext", ctypes.c_void_p),
        (r"fHasRevocationFreshnessTime", _BOOL),
        (r"dwRevocationFreshnessTime", _DWORD),
    )

class CERT_USAGE_MATCH(ctypes.Structure):
    _fields_ = (
        (r"dwType", _DWORD),

         # CERT_ENHKEY_USAGE struct
        (r"cUsageIdentifier", _DWORD),
        (r"rgpszUsageIdentifier", ctypes.c_void_p), # LPSTR *
    )

class CERT_CHAIN_PARA(ctypes.Structure):
    _fields_ = (
        (r"cbSize", _DWORD),
        (r"RequestedUsage", CERT_USAGE_MATCH),
        (r"RequestedIssuancePolicy", CERT_USAGE_MATCH),
        (r"dwUrlRetrievalTimeout", _DWORD),
        (r"fCheckRevocationFreshnessTime", _BOOL),
        (r"dwRevocationFreshnessTime", _DWORD),
        (r"pftCacheResync", ctypes.c_void_p), # LPFILETIME
        (r"pStrongSignPara", ctypes.c_void_p), # PCCERT_STRONG_SIGN_PARA
        (r"dwStrongSignFlags", _DWORD),
    )

# types of parameters of C functions used (required by pypy)

_crypt32.CertCreateCertificateContext.argtypes = [_DWORD, # cert encoding
                                                  ctypes.c_char_p, # cert
                                                  _DWORD] # cert size
_crypt32.CertCreateCertificateContext.restype = _PCCERT_CONTEXT

_crypt32.CertGetCertificateChain.argtypes = [
        ctypes.c_void_p, # HCERTCHAINENGINE
        _PCCERT_CONTEXT,
        ctypes.c_void_p, # LPFILETIME
        ctypes.c_void_p, # HCERTSTORE
        ctypes.c_void_p, # PCERT_CHAIN_PARA
        _DWORD,
        ctypes.c_void_p, # LPVOID
        ctypes.c_void_p  # PCCERT_CHAIN_CONTEXT *
    ]
_crypt32.CertGetCertificateChain.restype = _BOOL

_crypt32.CertFreeCertificateContext.argtypes = [_PCCERT_CONTEXT]
_crypt32.CertFreeCertificateContext.restype = _BOOL

_kernel32.CreateFileA.argtypes = [_LPCSTR, _DWORD, _DWORD, ctypes.c_void_p,
    _DWORD, _DWORD, _HANDLE]
_kernel32.CreateFileA.restype = _HANDLE

_kernel32.GetFileInformationByHandle.argtypes = [_HANDLE, ctypes.c_void_p]
_kernel32.GetFileInformationByHandle.restype = _BOOL

_kernel32.CloseHandle.argtypes = [_HANDLE]
_kernel32.CloseHandle.restype = _BOOL

try:
    _kernel32.CreateHardLinkA.argtypes = [_LPCSTR, _LPCSTR, ctypes.c_void_p]
    _kernel32.CreateHardLinkA.restype = _BOOL
except AttributeError:
    pass

_kernel32.SetFileAttributesA.argtypes = [_LPCSTR, _DWORD]
_kernel32.SetFileAttributesA.restype = _BOOL

_DRIVE_UNKNOWN = 0
_DRIVE_NO_ROOT_DIR = 1
_DRIVE_REMOVABLE = 2
_DRIVE_FIXED = 3
_DRIVE_REMOTE = 4
_DRIVE_CDROM = 5
_DRIVE_RAMDISK = 6

_kernel32.GetDriveTypeA.argtypes = [_LPCSTR]
_kernel32.GetDriveTypeA.restype = _UINT

_kernel32.GetVolumeInformationA.argtypes = [_LPCSTR, ctypes.c_void_p, _DWORD,
    ctypes.c_void_p, ctypes.c_void_p, ctypes.c_void_p, ctypes.c_void_p, _DWORD]
_kernel32.GetVolumeInformationA.restype = _BOOL

_kernel32.GetVolumePathNameA.argtypes = [_LPCSTR, ctypes.c_void_p, _DWORD]
_kernel32.GetVolumePathNameA.restype = _BOOL

_kernel32.OpenProcess.argtypes = [_DWORD, _BOOL, _DWORD]
_kernel32.OpenProcess.restype = _HANDLE

_kernel32.GetExitCodeProcess.argtypes = [_HANDLE, ctypes.c_void_p]
_kernel32.GetExitCodeProcess.restype = _BOOL

_kernel32.GetLastError.argtypes = []
_kernel32.GetLastError.restype = _DWORD

_kernel32.GetModuleFileNameA.argtypes = [_HANDLE, ctypes.c_void_p, _DWORD]
_kernel32.GetModuleFileNameA.restype = _DWORD

_kernel32.CreateProcessA.argtypes = [_LPCSTR, _LPCSTR, ctypes.c_void_p,
    ctypes.c_void_p, _BOOL, _DWORD, ctypes.c_void_p, _LPCSTR, ctypes.c_void_p,
    ctypes.c_void_p]
_kernel32.CreateProcessA.restype = _BOOL

_kernel32.ExitProcess.argtypes = [_UINT]
_kernel32.ExitProcess.restype = None

_kernel32.GetCurrentProcessId.argtypes = []
_kernel32.GetCurrentProcessId.restype = _DWORD

_SIGNAL_HANDLER = ctypes.WINFUNCTYPE(_BOOL, _DWORD)
_kernel32.SetConsoleCtrlHandler.argtypes = [_SIGNAL_HANDLER, _BOOL]
_kernel32.SetConsoleCtrlHandler.restype = _BOOL

_kernel32.SetConsoleMode.argtypes = [_HANDLE, _DWORD]
_kernel32.SetConsoleMode.restype = _BOOL

_kernel32.GetConsoleMode.argtypes = [_HANDLE, ctypes.c_void_p]
_kernel32.GetConsoleMode.restype = _BOOL

_kernel32.GetStdHandle.argtypes = [_DWORD]
_kernel32.GetStdHandle.restype = _HANDLE

_kernel32.GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo.argtypes = [_HANDLE, ctypes.c_void_p]
_kernel32.GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo.restype = _BOOL

_advapi32.GetUserNameA.argtypes = [ctypes.c_void_p, ctypes.c_void_p]
_advapi32.GetUserNameA.restype = _BOOL

_user32.GetWindowThreadProcessId.argtypes = [_HANDLE, ctypes.c_void_p]
_user32.GetWindowThreadProcessId.restype = _DWORD

_user32.ShowWindow.argtypes = [_HANDLE, ctypes.c_int]
_user32.ShowWindow.restype = _BOOL

_WNDENUMPROC = ctypes.WINFUNCTYPE(_BOOL, _HWND, _LPARAM)
_user32.EnumWindows.argtypes = [_WNDENUMPROC, _LPARAM]
_user32.EnumWindows.restype = _BOOL

_kernel32.PeekNamedPipe.argtypes = [_HANDLE, ctypes.c_void_p, _DWORD,
    ctypes.c_void_p, ctypes.c_void_p, ctypes.c_void_p]
_kernel32.PeekNamedPipe.restype = _BOOL

def _raiseoserror(name):
    # Force the code to a signed int to avoid an 'int too large' error.
    # See https://bugs.python.org/issue28474
    code = _kernel32.GetLastError()
    if code > 0x7fffffff:
        code -= 2**32
    err = ctypes.WinError(code=code)
    raise OSError(err.errno, r'%s: %s' % (encoding.strfromlocal(name),
                                          err.strerror))

def _getfileinfo(name):
    fh = _kernel32.CreateFileA(name, 0,
            _FILE_SHARE_READ | _FILE_SHARE_WRITE | _FILE_SHARE_DELETE,
            None, _OPEN_EXISTING, _FILE_FLAG_BACKUP_SEMANTICS, None)
    if fh == _INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE:
        _raiseoserror(name)
    try:
        fi = _BY_HANDLE_FILE_INFORMATION()
        if not _kernel32.GetFileInformationByHandle(fh, ctypes.byref(fi)):
            _raiseoserror(name)
        return fi
    finally:
        _kernel32.CloseHandle(fh)

def checkcertificatechain(cert, build=True):
    '''Tests the given certificate to see if there is a complete chain to a
       trusted root certificate.  As a side effect, missing certificates are
       downloaded and installed unless ``build=False``.  True is returned if a
       chain to a trusted root exists (even if built on the fly), otherwise
       False.  NB: A chain to a trusted root does NOT imply that the certificate
       is valid.
    '''

    chainctxptr = ctypes.POINTER(CERT_CHAIN_CONTEXT)

    pchainctx = chainctxptr()
    chainpara = CERT_CHAIN_PARA(cbSize=ctypes.sizeof(CERT_CHAIN_PARA),
                                RequestedUsage=CERT_USAGE_MATCH())

    certctx = _crypt32.CertCreateCertificateContext(X509_ASN_ENCODING, cert,
                                                    len(cert))
    if certctx is None:
        _raiseoserror('CertCreateCertificateContext')

    flags = 0

    if not build:
        flags |= 0x100  # CERT_CHAIN_DISABLE_AUTH_ROOT_AUTO_UPDATE

    try:
        # Building the certificate chain will update root certs as necessary.
        if not _crypt32.CertGetCertificateChain(None,      # hChainEngine
                                                certctx,   # pCertContext
                                                None,      # pTime
                                                None,      # hAdditionalStore
                                                ctypes.byref(chainpara),
                                                flags,
                                                None,      # pvReserved
                                                ctypes.byref(pchainctx)):
            _raiseoserror('CertGetCertificateChain')

        chainctx = pchainctx.contents

        return chainctx.dwErrorStatus & CERT_TRUST_IS_PARTIAL_CHAIN == 0
    finally:
        if pchainctx:
            _crypt32.CertFreeCertificateChain(pchainctx)
        _crypt32.CertFreeCertificateContext(certctx)

def oslink(src, dst):
    try:
        if not _kernel32.CreateHardLinkA(dst, src, None):
            _raiseoserror(src)
    except AttributeError: # Wine doesn't support this function
        _raiseoserror(src)

def nlinks(name):
    '''return number of hardlinks for the given file'''
    return _getfileinfo(name).nNumberOfLinks

def samefile(path1, path2):
    '''Returns whether path1 and path2 refer to the same file or directory.'''
    res1 = _getfileinfo(path1)
    res2 = _getfileinfo(path2)
    return (res1.dwVolumeSerialNumber == res2.dwVolumeSerialNumber
        and res1.nFileIndexHigh == res2.nFileIndexHigh
        and res1.nFileIndexLow == res2.nFileIndexLow)

def samedevice(path1, path2):
    '''Returns whether path1 and path2 are on the same device.'''
    res1 = _getfileinfo(path1)
    res2 = _getfileinfo(path2)
    return res1.dwVolumeSerialNumber == res2.dwVolumeSerialNumber

def peekpipe(pipe):
    handle = msvcrt.get_osfhandle(pipe.fileno())
    avail = _DWORD()

    if not _kernel32.PeekNamedPipe(handle, None, 0, None, ctypes.byref(avail),
                                   None):
        err = _kernel32.GetLastError()
        if err == _ERROR_BROKEN_PIPE:
            return 0
        raise ctypes.WinError(err)

    return avail.value

def lasterrorwaspipeerror(err):
    if err.errno != errno.EINVAL:
        return False
    err = _kernel32.GetLastError()
    return err == _ERROR_BROKEN_PIPE or err == _ERROR_NO_DATA

def testpid(pid):
    '''return True if pid is still running or unable to
    determine, False otherwise'''
    h = _kernel32.OpenProcess(_PROCESS_QUERY_INFORMATION, False, pid)
    if h:
        try:
            status = _DWORD()
            if _kernel32.GetExitCodeProcess(h, ctypes.byref(status)):
                return status.value == _STILL_ACTIVE
        finally:
            _kernel32.CloseHandle(h)
    return _kernel32.GetLastError() != _ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER

def executablepath():
    '''return full path of hg.exe'''
    size = 600
    buf = ctypes.create_string_buffer(size + 1)
    len = _kernel32.GetModuleFileNameA(None, ctypes.byref(buf), size)
    if len == 0:
        raise ctypes.WinError() # Note: WinError is a function
    elif len == size:
        raise ctypes.WinError(_ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER)
    return buf.value

def getvolumename(path):
    """Get the mount point of the filesystem from a directory or file
    (best-effort)

    Returns None if we are unsure. Raises OSError on ENOENT, EPERM, etc.
    """
    # realpath() calls GetFullPathName()
    realpath = os.path.realpath(path)

    # allocate at least MAX_PATH long since GetVolumePathName('c:\\', buf, 4)
    # somehow fails on Windows XP
    size = max(len(realpath), _MAX_PATH) + 1
    buf = ctypes.create_string_buffer(size)

    if not _kernel32.GetVolumePathNameA(realpath, ctypes.byref(buf), size):
        raise ctypes.WinError() # Note: WinError is a function

    return buf.value

def getfstype(path):
    """Get the filesystem type name from a directory or file (best-effort)

    Returns None if we are unsure. Raises OSError on ENOENT, EPERM, etc.
    """
    volume = getvolumename(path)

    t = _kernel32.GetDriveTypeA(volume)

    if t == _DRIVE_REMOTE:
        return 'cifs'
    elif t not in (_DRIVE_REMOVABLE, _DRIVE_FIXED, _DRIVE_CDROM,
                   _DRIVE_RAMDISK):
        return None

    size = _MAX_PATH + 1
    name = ctypes.create_string_buffer(size)

    if not _kernel32.GetVolumeInformationA(volume, None, 0, None, None, None,
                                           ctypes.byref(name), size):
        raise ctypes.WinError() # Note: WinError is a function

    return name.value

def getuser():
    '''return name of current user'''
    size = _DWORD(300)
    buf = ctypes.create_string_buffer(size.value + 1)
    if not _advapi32.GetUserNameA(ctypes.byref(buf), ctypes.byref(size)):
        raise ctypes.WinError()
    return buf.value

_signalhandler = []

def setsignalhandler():
    '''Register a termination handler for console events including
    CTRL+C. python signal handlers do not work well with socket
    operations.
    '''
    def handler(event):
        _kernel32.ExitProcess(1)

    if _signalhandler:
        return # already registered
    h = _SIGNAL_HANDLER(handler)
    _signalhandler.append(h) # needed to prevent garbage collection
    if not _kernel32.SetConsoleCtrlHandler(h, True):
        raise ctypes.WinError()

def hidewindow():

    def callback(hwnd, pid):
        wpid = _DWORD()
        _user32.GetWindowThreadProcessId(hwnd, ctypes.byref(wpid))
        if pid == wpid.value:
            _user32.ShowWindow(hwnd, _SW_HIDE)
            return False # stop enumerating windows
        return True

    pid = _kernel32.GetCurrentProcessId()
    _user32.EnumWindows(_WNDENUMPROC(callback), pid)

def termsize():
    # cmd.exe does not handle CR like a unix console, the CR is
    # counted in the line length. On 80 columns consoles, if 80
    # characters are written, the following CR won't apply on the
    # current line but on the new one. Keep room for it.
    width = 80 - 1
    height = 25
    # Query stderr to avoid problems with redirections
    screenbuf = _kernel32.GetStdHandle(
                  _STD_ERROR_HANDLE) # don't close the handle returned
    if screenbuf is None or screenbuf == _INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE:
        return width, height
    csbi = _CONSOLE_SCREEN_BUFFER_INFO()
    if not _kernel32.GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo(
                        screenbuf, ctypes.byref(csbi)):
        return width, height
    width = csbi.srWindow.Right - csbi.srWindow.Left  # don't '+ 1'
    height = csbi.srWindow.Bottom - csbi.srWindow.Top + 1
    return width, height

def enablevtmode():
    '''Enable virtual terminal mode for the associated console.  Return True if
    enabled, else False.'''

    ENABLE_VIRTUAL_TERMINAL_PROCESSING = 0x4

    handle = _kernel32.GetStdHandle(_STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE) # don't close the handle
    if handle == _INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE:
        return False

    mode = _DWORD(0)

    if not _kernel32.GetConsoleMode(handle, ctypes.byref(mode)):
        return False

    if (mode.value & ENABLE_VIRTUAL_TERMINAL_PROCESSING) == 0:
        mode.value |= ENABLE_VIRTUAL_TERMINAL_PROCESSING

        if not _kernel32.SetConsoleMode(handle, mode):
            return False

    return True

def spawndetached(args):
    # No standard library function really spawns a fully detached
    # process under win32 because they allocate pipes or other objects
    # to handle standard streams communications. Passing these objects
    # to the child process requires handle inheritance to be enabled
    # which makes really detached processes impossible.
    si = _STARTUPINFO()
    si.cb = ctypes.sizeof(_STARTUPINFO)

    pi = _PROCESS_INFORMATION()

    env = ''
    for k in encoding.environ:
        env += "%s=%s\0" % (k, encoding.environ[k])
    if not env:
        env = '\0'
    env += '\0'

    args = subprocess.list2cmdline(pycompat.rapply(encoding.strfromlocal, args))

    # TODO: CreateProcessW on py3?
    res = _kernel32.CreateProcessA(
        None, encoding.strtolocal(args), None, None, False, _CREATE_NO_WINDOW,
        env, encoding.getcwd(), ctypes.byref(si), ctypes.byref(pi))
    if not res:
        raise ctypes.WinError()

    return pi.dwProcessId

def unlink(f):
    '''try to implement POSIX' unlink semantics on Windows'''

    if os.path.isdir(f):
        # use EPERM because it is POSIX prescribed value, even though
        # unlink(2) on directories returns EISDIR on Linux
        raise IOError(errno.EPERM,
                      r"Unlinking directory not permitted: '%s'"
                      % encoding.strfromlocal(f))

    # POSIX allows to unlink and rename open files. Windows has serious
    # problems with doing that:
    # - Calling os.unlink (or os.rename) on a file f fails if f or any
    #   hardlinked copy of f has been opened with Python's open(). There is no
    #   way such a file can be deleted or renamed on Windows (other than
    #   scheduling the delete or rename for the next reboot).
    # - Calling os.unlink on a file that has been opened with Mercurial's
    #   posixfile (or comparable methods) will delay the actual deletion of
    #   the file for as long as the file is held open. The filename is blocked
    #   during that time and cannot be used for recreating a new file under
    #   that same name ("zombie file"). Directories containing such zombie files
    #   cannot be removed or moved.
    # A file that has been opened with posixfile can be renamed, so we rename
    # f to a random temporary name before calling os.unlink on it. This allows
    # callers to recreate f immediately while having other readers do their
    # implicit zombie filename blocking on a temporary name.

    for tries in pycompat.xrange(10):
        temp = '%s-%08x' % (f, random.randint(0, 0xffffffff))
        try:
            os.rename(f, temp)  # raises OSError EEXIST if temp exists
            break
        except OSError as e:
            if e.errno != errno.EEXIST:
                raise
    else:
        raise IOError(errno.EEXIST, r"No usable temporary filename found")

    try:
        os.unlink(temp)
    except OSError:
        # The unlink might have failed because the READONLY attribute may heave
        # been set on the original file. Rename works fine with READONLY set,
        # but not os.unlink. Reset all attributes and try again.
        _kernel32.SetFileAttributesA(temp, _FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL)
        try:
            os.unlink(temp)
        except OSError:
            # The unlink might have failed due to some very rude AV-Scanners.
            # Leaking a tempfile is the lesser evil than aborting here and
            # leaving some potentially serious inconsistencies.
            pass

def makedir(path, notindexed):
    os.mkdir(path)
    if notindexed:
        _kernel32.SetFileAttributesA(path, _FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NOT_CONTENT_INDEXED)