Bug 1437593 - Vendor pathlib2 2.3.2; r=ted
authorDave Hunt <dhunt@mozilla.com>
Tue, 01 May 2018 20:08:19 +0100
changeset 472758 9e6ec0a26b9abaa6dc57a8a8c76cc4d16b6e1493
parent 472757 c1a849d79497a23343e8bcb43a8cbb8e28b69f50
child 472759 176bba6987b7bdf4bf801b15a873646e31a1d6b5
child 472785 d9b0f9b3bc39d811c92b623a87605e521a1631ad
push id1728
push userjlund@mozilla.com
push dateMon, 18 Jun 2018 21:12:27 +0000
treeherdermozilla-release@c296fde26f5f [default view] [failures only]
perfherder[talos] [build metrics] [platform microbench] (compared to previous push)
reviewersted
bugs1437593
milestone61.0a1
first release with
nightly linux32
nightly linux64
nightly mac
nightly win32
nightly win64
last release without
nightly linux32
nightly linux64
nightly mac
nightly win32
nightly win64
Bug 1437593 - Vendor pathlib2 2.3.2; r=ted MozReview-Commit-ID: EFi1fwygd2q
third_party/python/pathlib2/CHANGELOG.rst
third_party/python/pathlib2/LICENSE.rst
third_party/python/pathlib2/MANIFEST.in
third_party/python/pathlib2/PKG-INFO
third_party/python/pathlib2/README.rst
third_party/python/pathlib2/VERSION
third_party/python/pathlib2/pathlib2.py
third_party/python/pathlib2/requirements.txt
third_party/python/pathlib2/setup.cfg
third_party/python/pathlib2/setup.py
third_party/python/pathlib2/test_pathlib2.py
third_party/python/pathlib2/test_pathlib2_with_py2_unicode_literals.py
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/third_party/python/pathlib2/CHANGELOG.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,94 @@
+History
+-------
+
+Version 2.1.0
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+- Sync with upstream pathlib from CPython: gethomedir, home,
+  expanduser.
+
+Version 2.0.1
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+- Fix TypeError exceptions in write_bytes and write_text (contributed
+  by Emanuele Gaifas, see pull request #2).
+
+Version 2.0
+^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+- Sync with upstream pathlib from CPython: read_text, write_text,
+  read_bytes, write_bytes, __enter__, __exit__, samefile.
+- Use travis and appveyor for continuous integration.
+- Fixed some bugs in test code.
+
+Version 1.0.1
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+- Pull request #4: Python 2.6 compatibility by eevee.
+
+Version 1.0
+^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+This version brings ``pathlib`` up to date with the official Python 3.4
+release, and also fixes a couple of 2.7-specific issues.
+
+- Python issue #20765: Add missing documentation for PurePath.with_name()
+  and PurePath.with_suffix().
+- Fix test_mkdir_parents when the working directory has additional bits
+  set (such as the setgid or sticky bits).
+- Python issue #20111: pathlib.Path.with_suffix() now sanity checks the
+  given suffix.
+- Python issue #19918: Fix PurePath.relative_to() under Windows.
+- Python issue #19921: When Path.mkdir() is called with parents=True, any
+  missing parent is created with the default permissions, ignoring the mode
+  argument (mimicking the POSIX "mkdir -p" command).
+- Python issue #19887: Improve the Path.resolve() algorithm to support
+  certain symlink chains.
+- Make pathlib usable under Python 2.7 with unicode pathnames (only pure
+  ASCII, though).
+- Issue #21: fix TypeError under Python 2.7 when using new division.
+- Add tox support for easier testing.
+
+Version 0.97
+^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+This version brings ``pathlib`` up to date with the final API specified
+in :pep:`428`.  The changes are too long to list here, it is recommended
+to read the `documentation <https://pathlib.readthedocs.org/>`_.
+
+.. warning::
+   The API in this version is partially incompatible with pathlib 0.8 and
+   earlier.  Be sure to check your code for possible breakage!
+
+Version 0.8
+^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+- Add PurePath.name and PurePath.anchor.
+- Add Path.owner and Path.group.
+- Add Path.replace().
+- Add Path.as_uri().
+- Issue #10: when creating a file with Path.open(), don't set the executable
+  bit.
+- Issue #11: fix comparisons with non-Path objects.
+
+Version 0.7
+^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+- Add '**' (recursive) patterns to Path.glob().
+- Fix openat() support after the API refactoring in Python 3.3 beta1.
+- Add a *target_is_directory* argument to Path.symlink_to()
+
+Version 0.6
+^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+- Add Path.is_file() and Path.is_symlink()
+- Add Path.glob() and Path.rglob()
+- Add PurePath.match()
+
+Version 0.5
+^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+- Add Path.mkdir().
+- Add Python 2.7 compatibility by Michele Lacchia.
+- Make parent() raise ValueError when the level is greater than the path
+  length.
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/third_party/python/pathlib2/LICENSE.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+The MIT License (MIT)
+
+Copyright (c) 2014 Matthias C. M. Troffaes
+Copyright (c) 2012-2014 Antoine Pitrou and contributors
+
+Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
+of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
+in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
+to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
+copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
+furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
+
+The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
+copies or substantial portions of the Software.
+
+THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
+IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
+FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
+AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
+LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
+OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
+SOFTWARE.
+
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/third_party/python/pathlib2/MANIFEST.in
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+include *.py
+include *.rst
+include VERSION
+include requirements.txt
+exclude .travis.yml
+exclude appveyor.yml
+prune appveyor
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/third_party/python/pathlib2/PKG-INFO
@@ -0,0 +1,81 @@
+Metadata-Version: 1.1
+Name: pathlib2
+Version: 2.1.0
+Summary: Object-oriented filesystem paths
+Home-page: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/pathlib2/
+Author: Matthias C. M. Troffaes
+Author-email: matthias.troffaes@gmail.com
+License: MIT
+Download-URL: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/pathlib2/
+Description: The `old pathlib <https://bitbucket.org/pitrou/pathlib>`_
+        module on bitbucket is in bugfix-only mode.
+        The goal of pathlib2 is to provide a backport of
+        `standard pathlib <http://docs.python.org/dev/library/pathlib.html>`_
+        module which tracks the standard library module,
+        so all the newest features of the standard pathlib can be
+        used also on older Python versions.
+        
+        Download
+        --------
+        
+        Standalone releases are available on PyPI:
+        http://pypi.python.org/pypi/pathlib2/
+        
+        Development
+        -----------
+        
+        The main development takes place in the Python standard library: see
+        the `Python developer's guide <http://docs.python.org/devguide/>`_.
+        In particular, new features should be submitted to the
+        `Python bug tracker <http://bugs.python.org/>`_.
+        
+        Issues that occur in this backport, but that do not occur not in the
+        standard Python pathlib module can be submitted on
+        the `pathlib2 bug tracker <https://github.com/mcmtroffaes/pathlib2/issues>`_.
+        
+        Documentation
+        -------------
+        
+        Refer to the
+        `standard pathlib <http://docs.python.org/dev/library/pathlib.html>`_
+        documentation.
+        
+        .. |travis| image:: https://travis-ci.org/mcmtroffaes/pathlib2.png?branch=develop
+            :target: https://travis-ci.org/mcmtroffaes/pathlib2
+            :alt: travis-ci
+        
+        .. |appveyor| image:: https://ci.appveyor.com/api/projects/status/baddx3rpet2wyi2c?svg=true
+            :target: https://ci.appveyor.com/project/mcmtroffaes/pathlib2
+            :alt: appveyor
+        
+        .. |coveralls| image:: https://coveralls.io/repos/mcmtroffaes/pathlib2/badge.png?branch=develop
+            :target: https://coveralls.io/r/mcmtroffaes/pathlib2?branch=develop
+            :alt: coveralls.io
+        
+        .. |downloads| image:: https://pypip.in/d/pathlib2/badge.png
+            :target: http://pypi.python.org/pypi/pathlib2/
+            :alt: downloads
+        
+        .. |version| image:: https://pypip.in/v/pathlib2/badge.png
+            :target: http://pypi.python.org/pypi/pathlib2/
+            :alt: latest version
+        
+        .. |license| image:: https://pypip.in/license/pathlib2/badge.png
+            :target: http://pypi.python.org/pypi/pathlib2/
+            :alt: license
+        
+Platform: UNKNOWN
+Classifier: Development Status :: 5 - Production/Stable
+Classifier: Intended Audience :: Developers
+Classifier: License :: OSI Approved :: MIT License
+Classifier: Operating System :: OS Independent
+Classifier: Programming Language :: Python
+Classifier: Programming Language :: Python :: 2
+Classifier: Programming Language :: Python :: 3
+Classifier: Programming Language :: Python :: 2.6
+Classifier: Programming Language :: Python :: 2.7
+Classifier: Programming Language :: Python :: 3.2
+Classifier: Programming Language :: Python :: 3.3
+Classifier: Programming Language :: Python :: 3.4
+Classifier: Topic :: Software Development :: Libraries
+Classifier: Topic :: System :: Filesystems
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/third_party/python/pathlib2/README.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,63 @@
+pathlib2
+========
+
+|appveyor| |travis| |coveralls| |downloads| |version| |license|
+
+Fork of pathlib aiming to support the full stdlib Python API.
+
+The `old pathlib <https://bitbucket.org/pitrou/pathlib>`_
+module on bitbucket is in bugfix-only mode.
+The goal of pathlib2 is to provide a backport of
+`standard pathlib <http://docs.python.org/dev/library/pathlib.html>`_
+module which tracks the standard library module,
+so all the newest features of the standard pathlib can be
+used also on older Python versions.
+
+Download
+--------
+
+Standalone releases are available on PyPI:
+http://pypi.python.org/pypi/pathlib2/
+
+Development
+-----------
+
+The main development takes place in the Python standard library: see
+the `Python developer's guide <http://docs.python.org/devguide/>`_.
+In particular, new features should be submitted to the
+`Python bug tracker <http://bugs.python.org/>`_.
+
+Issues that occur in this backport, but that do not occur not in the
+standard Python pathlib module can be submitted on
+the `pathlib2 bug tracker <https://github.com/mcmtroffaes/pathlib2/issues>`_.
+
+Documentation
+-------------
+
+Refer to the
+`standard pathlib <http://docs.python.org/dev/library/pathlib.html>`_
+documentation.
+
+.. |travis| image:: https://travis-ci.org/mcmtroffaes/pathlib2.png?branch=develop
+    :target: https://travis-ci.org/mcmtroffaes/pathlib2
+    :alt: travis-ci
+
+.. |appveyor| image:: https://ci.appveyor.com/api/projects/status/baddx3rpet2wyi2c?svg=true
+    :target: https://ci.appveyor.com/project/mcmtroffaes/pathlib2
+    :alt: appveyor
+
+.. |coveralls| image:: https://coveralls.io/repos/mcmtroffaes/pathlib2/badge.png?branch=develop
+    :target: https://coveralls.io/r/mcmtroffaes/pathlib2?branch=develop
+    :alt: coveralls.io
+
+.. |downloads| image:: https://pypip.in/d/pathlib2/badge.png
+    :target: http://pypi.python.org/pypi/pathlib2/
+    :alt: downloads
+
+.. |version| image:: https://pypip.in/v/pathlib2/badge.png
+    :target: http://pypi.python.org/pypi/pathlib2/
+    :alt: latest version
+
+.. |license| image:: https://pypip.in/license/pathlib2/badge.png
+    :target: http://pypi.python.org/pypi/pathlib2/
+    :alt: license
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/third_party/python/pathlib2/VERSION
@@ -0,0 +1,1 @@
+2.1.0
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/third_party/python/pathlib2/pathlib2.py
@@ -0,0 +1,1566 @@
+import ctypes
+import fnmatch
+import functools
+import io
+import ntpath
+import os
+import posixpath
+import re
+import six
+import sys
+from collections import Sequence
+from contextlib import contextmanager
+from errno import EINVAL, ENOENT, ENOTDIR, EEXIST
+from operator import attrgetter
+from stat import (
+    S_ISDIR, S_ISLNK, S_ISREG, S_ISSOCK, S_ISBLK, S_ISCHR, S_ISFIFO)
+try:
+    from urllib import quote as urlquote_from_bytes
+except ImportError:
+    from urllib.parse import quote_from_bytes as urlquote_from_bytes
+
+
+try:
+    intern = intern
+except NameError:
+    intern = sys.intern
+try:
+    basestring = basestring
+except NameError:
+    basestring = str
+
+supports_symlinks = True
+try:
+    import nt
+except ImportError:
+    nt = None
+else:
+    if sys.getwindowsversion()[:2] >= (6, 0) and sys.version_info >= (3, 2):
+        from nt import _getfinalpathname
+    else:
+        supports_symlinks = False
+        _getfinalpathname = None
+
+
+__all__ = [
+    "PurePath", "PurePosixPath", "PureWindowsPath",
+    "Path", "PosixPath", "WindowsPath",
+    ]
+
+#
+# Internals
+#
+
+
+def _py2_fsencode(parts):
+    # py2 => minimal unicode support
+    assert six.PY2
+    return [part.encode('ascii') if isinstance(part, six.text_type)
+            else part for part in parts]
+
+
+def _try_except_fileexistserror(try_func, except_func):
+    if sys.version_info >= (3, 3):
+        try:
+            try_func()
+        except FileExistsError as exc:
+            except_func(exc)
+    else:
+        try:
+            try_func()
+        except EnvironmentError as exc:
+            if exc.errno != EEXIST:
+                raise
+            else:
+                except_func(exc)
+
+
+def _win32_get_unique_path_id(path):
+    # get file information, needed for samefile on older Python versions
+    # see http://timgolden.me.uk/python/win32_how_do_i/
+    # see_if_two_files_are_the_same_file.html
+    from ctypes import POINTER, Structure, WinError
+    from ctypes.wintypes import DWORD, HANDLE, BOOL
+
+    class FILETIME(Structure):
+        _fields_ = [("datetime_lo", DWORD),
+                    ("datetime_hi", DWORD),
+                    ]
+
+    class BY_HANDLE_FILE_INFORMATION(Structure):
+        _fields_ = [("attributes", DWORD),
+                    ("created_at", FILETIME),
+                    ("accessed_at", FILETIME),
+                    ("written_at", FILETIME),
+                    ("volume", DWORD),
+                    ("file_hi", DWORD),
+                    ("file_lo", DWORD),
+                    ("n_links", DWORD),
+                    ("index_hi", DWORD),
+                    ("index_lo", DWORD),
+                    ]
+
+    CreateFile = ctypes.windll.kernel32.CreateFileW
+    CreateFile.argtypes = [ctypes.c_wchar_p, DWORD, DWORD, ctypes.c_void_p,
+                           DWORD, DWORD, HANDLE]
+    CreateFile.restype = HANDLE
+    GetFileInformationByHandle = (
+        ctypes.windll.kernel32.GetFileInformationByHandle)
+    GetFileInformationByHandle.argtypes = [
+        HANDLE, POINTER(BY_HANDLE_FILE_INFORMATION)]
+    GetFileInformationByHandle.restype = BOOL
+    CloseHandle = ctypes.windll.kernel32.CloseHandle
+    CloseHandle.argtypes = [HANDLE]
+    CloseHandle.restype = BOOL
+    GENERIC_READ = 0x80000000
+    FILE_SHARE_READ = 0x00000001
+    FILE_FLAG_BACKUP_SEMANTICS = 0x02000000
+    OPEN_EXISTING = 3
+    if os.path.isdir(path):
+        flags = FILE_FLAG_BACKUP_SEMANTICS
+    else:
+        flags = 0
+    hfile = CreateFile(path, GENERIC_READ, FILE_SHARE_READ,
+                       None, OPEN_EXISTING, flags, None)
+    if hfile == 0xffffffff:
+        if sys.version_info >= (3, 3):
+            raise FileNotFoundError(path)
+        else:
+            exc = OSError("file not found: path")
+            exc.errno = ENOENT
+            raise exc
+    info = BY_HANDLE_FILE_INFORMATION()
+    success = GetFileInformationByHandle(hfile, info)
+    CloseHandle(hfile)
+    if success == 0:
+        raise WinError()
+    return info.volume, info.index_hi, info.index_lo
+
+
+def _is_wildcard_pattern(pat):
+    # Whether this pattern needs actual matching using fnmatch, or can
+    # be looked up directly as a file.
+    return "*" in pat or "?" in pat or "[" in pat
+
+
+class _Flavour(object):
+
+    """A flavour implements a particular (platform-specific) set of path
+    semantics."""
+
+    def __init__(self):
+        self.join = self.sep.join
+
+    def parse_parts(self, parts):
+        if six.PY2:
+            parts = _py2_fsencode(parts)
+        parsed = []
+        sep = self.sep
+        altsep = self.altsep
+        drv = root = ''
+        it = reversed(parts)
+        for part in it:
+            if not part:
+                continue
+            if altsep:
+                part = part.replace(altsep, sep)
+            drv, root, rel = self.splitroot(part)
+            if sep in rel:
+                for x in reversed(rel.split(sep)):
+                    if x and x != '.':
+                        parsed.append(intern(x))
+            else:
+                if rel and rel != '.':
+                    parsed.append(intern(rel))
+            if drv or root:
+                if not drv:
+                    # If no drive is present, try to find one in the previous
+                    # parts. This makes the result of parsing e.g.
+                    # ("C:", "/", "a") reasonably intuitive.
+                    for part in it:
+                        if not part:
+                            continue
+                        if altsep:
+                            part = part.replace(altsep, sep)
+                        drv = self.splitroot(part)[0]
+                        if drv:
+                            break
+                break
+        if drv or root:
+            parsed.append(drv + root)
+        parsed.reverse()
+        return drv, root, parsed
+
+    def join_parsed_parts(self, drv, root, parts, drv2, root2, parts2):
+        """
+        Join the two paths represented by the respective
+        (drive, root, parts) tuples.  Return a new (drive, root, parts) tuple.
+        """
+        if root2:
+            if not drv2 and drv:
+                return drv, root2, [drv + root2] + parts2[1:]
+        elif drv2:
+            if drv2 == drv or self.casefold(drv2) == self.casefold(drv):
+                # Same drive => second path is relative to the first
+                return drv, root, parts + parts2[1:]
+        else:
+            # Second path is non-anchored (common case)
+            return drv, root, parts + parts2
+        return drv2, root2, parts2
+
+
+class _WindowsFlavour(_Flavour):
+    # Reference for Windows paths can be found at
+    # http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa365247%28v=vs.85%29.aspx
+
+    sep = '\\'
+    altsep = '/'
+    has_drv = True
+    pathmod = ntpath
+
+    is_supported = (os.name == 'nt')
+
+    drive_letters = (
+        set(chr(x) for x in range(ord('a'), ord('z') + 1)) |
+        set(chr(x) for x in range(ord('A'), ord('Z') + 1))
+    )
+    ext_namespace_prefix = '\\\\?\\'
+
+    reserved_names = (
+        set(['CON', 'PRN', 'AUX', 'NUL']) |
+        set(['COM%d' % i for i in range(1, 10)]) |
+        set(['LPT%d' % i for i in range(1, 10)])
+        )
+
+    # Interesting findings about extended paths:
+    # - '\\?\c:\a', '//?/c:\a' and '//?/c:/a' are all supported
+    #   but '\\?\c:/a' is not
+    # - extended paths are always absolute; "relative" extended paths will
+    #   fail.
+
+    def splitroot(self, part, sep=sep):
+        first = part[0:1]
+        second = part[1:2]
+        if (second == sep and first == sep):
+            # XXX extended paths should also disable the collapsing of "."
+            # components (according to MSDN docs).
+            prefix, part = self._split_extended_path(part)
+            first = part[0:1]
+            second = part[1:2]
+        else:
+            prefix = ''
+        third = part[2:3]
+        if (second == sep and first == sep and third != sep):
+            # is a UNC path:
+            # vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv root
+            # \\machine\mountpoint\directory\etc\...
+            #            directory ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+            index = part.find(sep, 2)
+            if index != -1:
+                index2 = part.find(sep, index + 1)
+                # a UNC path can't have two slashes in a row
+                # (after the initial two)
+                if index2 != index + 1:
+                    if index2 == -1:
+                        index2 = len(part)
+                    if prefix:
+                        return prefix + part[1:index2], sep, part[index2 + 1:]
+                    else:
+                        return part[:index2], sep, part[index2 + 1:]
+        drv = root = ''
+        if second == ':' and first in self.drive_letters:
+            drv = part[:2]
+            part = part[2:]
+            first = third
+        if first == sep:
+            root = first
+            part = part.lstrip(sep)
+        return prefix + drv, root, part
+
+    def casefold(self, s):
+        return s.lower()
+
+    def casefold_parts(self, parts):
+        return [p.lower() for p in parts]
+
+    def resolve(self, path):
+        s = str(path)
+        if not s:
+            return os.getcwd()
+        if _getfinalpathname is not None:
+            return self._ext_to_normal(_getfinalpathname(s))
+        # Means fallback on absolute
+        return None
+
+    def _split_extended_path(self, s, ext_prefix=ext_namespace_prefix):
+        prefix = ''
+        if s.startswith(ext_prefix):
+            prefix = s[:4]
+            s = s[4:]
+            if s.startswith('UNC\\'):
+                prefix += s[:3]
+                s = '\\' + s[3:]
+        return prefix, s
+
+    def _ext_to_normal(self, s):
+        # Turn back an extended path into a normal DOS-like path
+        return self._split_extended_path(s)[1]
+
+    def is_reserved(self, parts):
+        # NOTE: the rules for reserved names seem somewhat complicated
+        # (e.g. r"..\NUL" is reserved but not r"foo\NUL").
+        # We err on the side of caution and return True for paths which are
+        # not considered reserved by Windows.
+        if not parts:
+            return False
+        if parts[0].startswith('\\\\'):
+            # UNC paths are never reserved
+            return False
+        return parts[-1].partition('.')[0].upper() in self.reserved_names
+
+    def make_uri(self, path):
+        # Under Windows, file URIs use the UTF-8 encoding.
+        drive = path.drive
+        if len(drive) == 2 and drive[1] == ':':
+            # It's a path on a local drive => 'file:///c:/a/b'
+            rest = path.as_posix()[2:].lstrip('/')
+            return 'file:///%s/%s' % (
+                drive, urlquote_from_bytes(rest.encode('utf-8')))
+        else:
+            # It's a path on a network drive => 'file://host/share/a/b'
+            return 'file:' + urlquote_from_bytes(
+                path.as_posix().encode('utf-8'))
+
+    def gethomedir(self, username):
+        if 'HOME' in os.environ:
+            userhome = os.environ['HOME']
+        elif 'USERPROFILE' in os.environ:
+            userhome = os.environ['USERPROFILE']
+        elif 'HOMEPATH' in os.environ:
+            try:
+                drv = os.environ['HOMEDRIVE']
+            except KeyError:
+                drv = ''
+            userhome = drv + os.environ['HOMEPATH']
+        else:
+            raise RuntimeError("Can't determine home directory")
+
+        if username:
+            # Try to guess user home directory.  By default all users
+            # directories are located in the same place and are named by
+            # corresponding usernames.  If current user home directory points
+            # to nonstandard place, this guess is likely wrong.
+            if os.environ['USERNAME'] != username:
+                drv, root, parts = self.parse_parts((userhome,))
+                if parts[-1] != os.environ['USERNAME']:
+                    raise RuntimeError("Can't determine home directory "
+                                       "for %r" % username)
+                parts[-1] = username
+                if drv or root:
+                    userhome = drv + root + self.join(parts[1:])
+                else:
+                    userhome = self.join(parts)
+        return userhome
+
+
+class _PosixFlavour(_Flavour):
+    sep = '/'
+    altsep = ''
+    has_drv = False
+    pathmod = posixpath
+
+    is_supported = (os.name != 'nt')
+
+    def splitroot(self, part, sep=sep):
+        if part and part[0] == sep:
+            stripped_part = part.lstrip(sep)
+            # According to POSIX path resolution:
+            # http://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/009695399/basedefs/
+            # xbd_chap04.html#tag_04_11
+            # "A pathname that begins with two successive slashes may be
+            # interpreted in an implementation-defined manner, although more
+            # than two leading slashes shall be treated as a single slash".
+            if len(part) - len(stripped_part) == 2:
+                return '', sep * 2, stripped_part
+            else:
+                return '', sep, stripped_part
+        else:
+            return '', '', part
+
+    def casefold(self, s):
+        return s
+
+    def casefold_parts(self, parts):
+        return parts
+
+    def resolve(self, path):
+        sep = self.sep
+        accessor = path._accessor
+        seen = {}
+
+        def _resolve(path, rest):
+            if rest.startswith(sep):
+                path = ''
+
+            for name in rest.split(sep):
+                if not name or name == '.':
+                    # current dir
+                    continue
+                if name == '..':
+                    # parent dir
+                    path, _, _ = path.rpartition(sep)
+                    continue
+                newpath = path + sep + name
+                if newpath in seen:
+                    # Already seen this path
+                    path = seen[newpath]
+                    if path is not None:
+                        # use cached value
+                        continue
+                    # The symlink is not resolved, so we must have a symlink
+                    # loop.
+                    raise RuntimeError("Symlink loop from %r" % newpath)
+                # Resolve the symbolic link
+                try:
+                    target = accessor.readlink(newpath)
+                except OSError as e:
+                    if e.errno != EINVAL:
+                        raise
+                    # Not a symlink
+                    path = newpath
+                else:
+                    seen[newpath] = None  # not resolved symlink
+                    path = _resolve(path, target)
+                    seen[newpath] = path  # resolved symlink
+
+            return path
+        # NOTE: according to POSIX, getcwd() cannot contain path components
+        # which are symlinks.
+        base = '' if path.is_absolute() else os.getcwd()
+        return _resolve(base, str(path)) or sep
+
+    def is_reserved(self, parts):
+        return False
+
+    def make_uri(self, path):
+        # We represent the path using the local filesystem encoding,
+        # for portability to other applications.
+        bpath = bytes(path)
+        return 'file://' + urlquote_from_bytes(bpath)
+
+    def gethomedir(self, username):
+        if not username:
+            try:
+                return os.environ['HOME']
+            except KeyError:
+                import pwd
+                return pwd.getpwuid(os.getuid()).pw_dir
+        else:
+            import pwd
+            try:
+                return pwd.getpwnam(username).pw_dir
+            except KeyError:
+                raise RuntimeError("Can't determine home directory "
+                                   "for %r" % username)
+
+_windows_flavour = _WindowsFlavour()
+_posix_flavour = _PosixFlavour()
+
+
+class _Accessor:
+
+    """An accessor implements a particular (system-specific or not) way of
+    accessing paths on the filesystem."""
+
+
+class _NormalAccessor(_Accessor):
+
+    def _wrap_strfunc(strfunc):
+        @functools.wraps(strfunc)
+        def wrapped(pathobj, *args):
+            return strfunc(str(pathobj), *args)
+        return staticmethod(wrapped)
+
+    def _wrap_binary_strfunc(strfunc):
+        @functools.wraps(strfunc)
+        def wrapped(pathobjA, pathobjB, *args):
+            return strfunc(str(pathobjA), str(pathobjB), *args)
+        return staticmethod(wrapped)
+
+    stat = _wrap_strfunc(os.stat)
+
+    lstat = _wrap_strfunc(os.lstat)
+
+    open = _wrap_strfunc(os.open)
+
+    listdir = _wrap_strfunc(os.listdir)
+
+    chmod = _wrap_strfunc(os.chmod)
+
+    if hasattr(os, "lchmod"):
+        lchmod = _wrap_strfunc(os.lchmod)
+    else:
+        def lchmod(self, pathobj, mode):
+            raise NotImplementedError("lchmod() not available on this system")
+
+    mkdir = _wrap_strfunc(os.mkdir)
+
+    unlink = _wrap_strfunc(os.unlink)
+
+    rmdir = _wrap_strfunc(os.rmdir)
+
+    rename = _wrap_binary_strfunc(os.rename)
+
+    if sys.version_info >= (3, 3):
+        replace = _wrap_binary_strfunc(os.replace)
+
+    if nt:
+        if supports_symlinks:
+            symlink = _wrap_binary_strfunc(os.symlink)
+        else:
+            def symlink(a, b, target_is_directory):
+                raise NotImplementedError(
+                    "symlink() not available on this system")
+    else:
+        # Under POSIX, os.symlink() takes two args
+        @staticmethod
+        def symlink(a, b, target_is_directory):
+            return os.symlink(str(a), str(b))
+
+    utime = _wrap_strfunc(os.utime)
+
+    # Helper for resolve()
+    def readlink(self, path):
+        return os.readlink(path)
+
+
+_normal_accessor = _NormalAccessor()
+
+
+#
+# Globbing helpers
+#
+
+@contextmanager
+def _cached(func):
+    try:
+        func.__cached__
+        yield func
+    except AttributeError:
+        cache = {}
+
+        def wrapper(*args):
+            try:
+                return cache[args]
+            except KeyError:
+                value = cache[args] = func(*args)
+                return value
+        wrapper.__cached__ = True
+        try:
+            yield wrapper
+        finally:
+            cache.clear()
+
+
+def _make_selector(pattern_parts):
+    pat = pattern_parts[0]
+    child_parts = pattern_parts[1:]
+    if pat == '**':
+        cls = _RecursiveWildcardSelector
+    elif '**' in pat:
+        raise ValueError(
+            "Invalid pattern: '**' can only be an entire path component")
+    elif _is_wildcard_pattern(pat):
+        cls = _WildcardSelector
+    else:
+        cls = _PreciseSelector
+    return cls(pat, child_parts)
+
+if hasattr(functools, "lru_cache"):
+    _make_selector = functools.lru_cache()(_make_selector)
+
+
+class _Selector:
+
+    """A selector matches a specific glob pattern part against the children
+    of a given path."""
+
+    def __init__(self, child_parts):
+        self.child_parts = child_parts
+        if child_parts:
+            self.successor = _make_selector(child_parts)
+        else:
+            self.successor = _TerminatingSelector()
+
+    def select_from(self, parent_path):
+        """Iterate over all child paths of `parent_path` matched by this
+        selector.  This can contain parent_path itself."""
+        path_cls = type(parent_path)
+        is_dir = path_cls.is_dir
+        exists = path_cls.exists
+        listdir = parent_path._accessor.listdir
+        return self._select_from(parent_path, is_dir, exists, listdir)
+
+
+class _TerminatingSelector:
+
+    def _select_from(self, parent_path, is_dir, exists, listdir):
+        yield parent_path
+
+
+class _PreciseSelector(_Selector):
+
+    def __init__(self, name, child_parts):
+        self.name = name
+        _Selector.__init__(self, child_parts)
+
+    def _select_from(self, parent_path, is_dir, exists, listdir):
+        if not is_dir(parent_path):
+            return
+        path = parent_path._make_child_relpath(self.name)
+        if exists(path):
+            for p in self.successor._select_from(
+                    path, is_dir, exists, listdir):
+                yield p
+
+
+class _WildcardSelector(_Selector):
+
+    def __init__(self, pat, child_parts):
+        self.pat = re.compile(fnmatch.translate(pat))
+        _Selector.__init__(self, child_parts)
+
+    def _select_from(self, parent_path, is_dir, exists, listdir):
+        if not is_dir(parent_path):
+            return
+        cf = parent_path._flavour.casefold
+        for name in listdir(parent_path):
+            casefolded = cf(name)
+            if self.pat.match(casefolded):
+                path = parent_path._make_child_relpath(name)
+                for p in self.successor._select_from(
+                        path, is_dir, exists, listdir):
+                    yield p
+
+
+class _RecursiveWildcardSelector(_Selector):
+
+    def __init__(self, pat, child_parts):
+        _Selector.__init__(self, child_parts)
+
+    def _iterate_directories(self, parent_path, is_dir, listdir):
+        yield parent_path
+        for name in listdir(parent_path):
+            path = parent_path._make_child_relpath(name)
+            if is_dir(path):
+                for p in self._iterate_directories(path, is_dir, listdir):
+                    yield p
+
+    def _select_from(self, parent_path, is_dir, exists, listdir):
+        if not is_dir(parent_path):
+            return
+        with _cached(listdir) as listdir:
+            yielded = set()
+            try:
+                successor_select = self.successor._select_from
+                for starting_point in self._iterate_directories(
+                        parent_path, is_dir, listdir):
+                    for p in successor_select(
+                            starting_point, is_dir, exists, listdir):
+                        if p not in yielded:
+                            yield p
+                            yielded.add(p)
+            finally:
+                yielded.clear()
+
+
+#
+# Public API
+#
+
+class _PathParents(Sequence):
+
+    """This object provides sequence-like access to the logical ancestors
+    of a path.  Don't try to construct it yourself."""
+    __slots__ = ('_pathcls', '_drv', '_root', '_parts')
+
+    def __init__(self, path):
+        # We don't store the instance to avoid reference cycles
+        self._pathcls = type(path)
+        self._drv = path._drv
+        self._root = path._root
+        self._parts = path._parts
+
+    def __len__(self):
+        if self._drv or self._root:
+            return len(self._parts) - 1
+        else:
+            return len(self._parts)
+
+    def __getitem__(self, idx):
+        if idx < 0 or idx >= len(self):
+            raise IndexError(idx)
+        return self._pathcls._from_parsed_parts(self._drv, self._root,
+                                                self._parts[:-idx - 1])
+
+    def __repr__(self):
+        return "<{0}.parents>".format(self._pathcls.__name__)
+
+
+class PurePath(object):
+
+    """PurePath represents a filesystem path and offers operations which
+    don't imply any actual filesystem I/O.  Depending on your system,
+    instantiating a PurePath will return either a PurePosixPath or a
+    PureWindowsPath object.  You can also instantiate either of these classes
+    directly, regardless of your system.
+    """
+    __slots__ = (
+        '_drv', '_root', '_parts',
+        '_str', '_hash', '_pparts', '_cached_cparts',
+    )
+
+    def __new__(cls, *args):
+        """Construct a PurePath from one or several strings and or existing
+        PurePath objects.  The strings and path objects are combined so as
+        to yield a canonicalized path, which is incorporated into the
+        new PurePath object.
+        """
+        if cls is PurePath:
+            cls = PureWindowsPath if os.name == 'nt' else PurePosixPath
+        return cls._from_parts(args)
+
+    def __reduce__(self):
+        # Using the parts tuple helps share interned path parts
+        # when pickling related paths.
+        return (self.__class__, tuple(self._parts))
+
+    @classmethod
+    def _parse_args(cls, args):
+        # This is useful when you don't want to create an instance, just
+        # canonicalize some constructor arguments.
+        parts = []
+        for a in args:
+            if isinstance(a, PurePath):
+                parts += a._parts
+            elif isinstance(a, basestring):
+                # Force-cast str subclasses to str (issue #21127)
+                parts.append(str(a))
+            else:
+                raise TypeError(
+                    "argument should be a path or str object, not %r"
+                    % type(a))
+        return cls._flavour.parse_parts(parts)
+
+    @classmethod
+    def _from_parts(cls, args, init=True):
+        # We need to call _parse_args on the instance, so as to get the
+        # right flavour.
+        self = object.__new__(cls)
+        drv, root, parts = self._parse_args(args)
+        self._drv = drv
+        self._root = root
+        self._parts = parts
+        if init:
+            self._init()
+        return self
+
+    @classmethod
+    def _from_parsed_parts(cls, drv, root, parts, init=True):
+        self = object.__new__(cls)
+        self._drv = drv
+        self._root = root
+        self._parts = parts
+        if init:
+            self._init()
+        return self
+
+    @classmethod
+    def _format_parsed_parts(cls, drv, root, parts):
+        if drv or root:
+            return drv + root + cls._flavour.join(parts[1:])
+        else:
+            return cls._flavour.join(parts)
+
+    def _init(self):
+        # Overriden in concrete Path
+        pass
+
+    def _make_child(self, args):
+        drv, root, parts = self._parse_args(args)
+        drv, root, parts = self._flavour.join_parsed_parts(
+            self._drv, self._root, self._parts, drv, root, parts)
+        return self._from_parsed_parts(drv, root, parts)
+
+    def __str__(self):
+        """Return the string representation of the path, suitable for
+        passing to system calls."""
+        try:
+            return self._str
+        except AttributeError:
+            self._str = self._format_parsed_parts(self._drv, self._root,
+                                                  self._parts) or '.'
+            return self._str
+
+    def as_posix(self):
+        """Return the string representation of the path with forward (/)
+        slashes."""
+        f = self._flavour
+        return str(self).replace(f.sep, '/')
+
+    def __bytes__(self):
+        """Return the bytes representation of the path.  This is only
+        recommended to use under Unix."""
+        if sys.version_info < (3, 2):
+            raise NotImplementedError("needs Python 3.2 or later")
+        return os.fsencode(str(self))
+
+    def __repr__(self):
+        return "{0}({1!r})".format(self.__class__.__name__, self.as_posix())
+
+    def as_uri(self):
+        """Return the path as a 'file' URI."""
+        if not self.is_absolute():
+            raise ValueError("relative path can't be expressed as a file URI")
+        return self._flavour.make_uri(self)
+
+    @property
+    def _cparts(self):
+        # Cached casefolded parts, for hashing and comparison
+        try:
+            return self._cached_cparts
+        except AttributeError:
+            self._cached_cparts = self._flavour.casefold_parts(self._parts)
+            return self._cached_cparts
+
+    def __eq__(self, other):
+        if not isinstance(other, PurePath):
+            return NotImplemented
+        return (
+            self._cparts == other._cparts
+            and self._flavour is other._flavour)
+
+    def __ne__(self, other):
+        return not self == other
+
+    def __hash__(self):
+        try:
+            return self._hash
+        except AttributeError:
+            self._hash = hash(tuple(self._cparts))
+            return self._hash
+
+    def __lt__(self, other):
+        if (not isinstance(other, PurePath)
+                or self._flavour is not other._flavour):
+            return NotImplemented
+        return self._cparts < other._cparts
+
+    def __le__(self, other):
+        if (not isinstance(other, PurePath)
+                or self._flavour is not other._flavour):
+            return NotImplemented
+        return self._cparts <= other._cparts
+
+    def __gt__(self, other):
+        if (not isinstance(other, PurePath)
+                or self._flavour is not other._flavour):
+            return NotImplemented
+        return self._cparts > other._cparts
+
+    def __ge__(self, other):
+        if (not isinstance(other, PurePath)
+                or self._flavour is not other._flavour):
+            return NotImplemented
+        return self._cparts >= other._cparts
+
+    drive = property(attrgetter('_drv'),
+                     doc="""The drive prefix (letter or UNC path), if any.""")
+
+    root = property(attrgetter('_root'),
+                    doc="""The root of the path, if any.""")
+
+    @property
+    def anchor(self):
+        """The concatenation of the drive and root, or ''."""
+        anchor = self._drv + self._root
+        return anchor
+
+    @property
+    def name(self):
+        """The final path component, if any."""
+        parts = self._parts
+        if len(parts) == (1 if (self._drv or self._root) else 0):
+            return ''
+        return parts[-1]
+
+    @property
+    def suffix(self):
+        """The final component's last suffix, if any."""
+        name = self.name
+        i = name.rfind('.')
+        if 0 < i < len(name) - 1:
+            return name[i:]
+        else:
+            return ''
+
+    @property
+    def suffixes(self):
+        """A list of the final component's suffixes, if any."""
+        name = self.name
+        if name.endswith('.'):
+            return []
+        name = name.lstrip('.')
+        return ['.' + suffix for suffix in name.split('.')[1:]]
+
+    @property
+    def stem(self):
+        """The final path component, minus its last suffix."""
+        name = self.name
+        i = name.rfind('.')
+        if 0 < i < len(name) - 1:
+            return name[:i]
+        else:
+            return name
+
+    def with_name(self, name):
+        """Return a new path with the file name changed."""
+        if not self.name:
+            raise ValueError("%r has an empty name" % (self,))
+        drv, root, parts = self._flavour.parse_parts((name,))
+        if (not name or name[-1] in [self._flavour.sep, self._flavour.altsep]
+                or drv or root or len(parts) != 1):
+            raise ValueError("Invalid name %r" % (name))
+        return self._from_parsed_parts(self._drv, self._root,
+                                       self._parts[:-1] + [name])
+
+    def with_suffix(self, suffix):
+        """Return a new path with the file suffix changed (or added, if
+        none).
+        """
+        # XXX if suffix is None, should the current suffix be removed?
+        f = self._flavour
+        if f.sep in suffix or f.altsep and f.altsep in suffix:
+            raise ValueError("Invalid suffix %r" % (suffix))
+        if suffix and not suffix.startswith('.') or suffix == '.':
+            raise ValueError("Invalid suffix %r" % (suffix))
+        name = self.name
+        if not name:
+            raise ValueError("%r has an empty name" % (self,))
+        old_suffix = self.suffix
+        if not old_suffix:
+            name = name + suffix
+        else:
+            name = name[:-len(old_suffix)] + suffix
+        return self._from_parsed_parts(self._drv, self._root,
+                                       self._parts[:-1] + [name])
+
+    def relative_to(self, *other):
+        """Return the relative path to another path identified by the passed
+        arguments.  If the operation is not possible (because this is not
+        a subpath of the other path), raise ValueError.
+        """
+        # For the purpose of this method, drive and root are considered
+        # separate parts, i.e.:
+        #   Path('c:/').relative_to('c:')  gives Path('/')
+        #   Path('c:/').relative_to('/')   raise ValueError
+        if not other:
+            raise TypeError("need at least one argument")
+        parts = self._parts
+        drv = self._drv
+        root = self._root
+        if root:
+            abs_parts = [drv, root] + parts[1:]
+        else:
+            abs_parts = parts
+        to_drv, to_root, to_parts = self._parse_args(other)
+        if to_root:
+            to_abs_parts = [to_drv, to_root] + to_parts[1:]
+        else:
+            to_abs_parts = to_parts
+        n = len(to_abs_parts)
+        cf = self._flavour.casefold_parts
+        if (root or drv) if n == 0 else cf(abs_parts[:n]) != cf(to_abs_parts):
+            formatted = self._format_parsed_parts(to_drv, to_root, to_parts)
+            raise ValueError("{!r} does not start with {!r}"
+                             .format(str(self), str(formatted)))
+        return self._from_parsed_parts('', root if n == 1 else '',
+                                       abs_parts[n:])
+
+    @property
+    def parts(self):
+        """An object providing sequence-like access to the
+        components in the filesystem path."""
+        # We cache the tuple to avoid building a new one each time .parts
+        # is accessed.  XXX is this necessary?
+        try:
+            return self._pparts
+        except AttributeError:
+            self._pparts = tuple(self._parts)
+            return self._pparts
+
+    def joinpath(self, *args):
+        """Combine this path with one or several arguments, and return a
+        new path representing either a subpath (if all arguments are relative
+        paths) or a totally different path (if one of the arguments is
+        anchored).
+        """
+        return self._make_child(args)
+
+    def __truediv__(self, key):
+        return self._make_child((key,))
+
+    def __rtruediv__(self, key):
+        return self._from_parts([key] + self._parts)
+
+    if six.PY2:
+        __div__ = __truediv__
+        __rdiv__ = __rtruediv__
+
+    @property
+    def parent(self):
+        """The logical parent of the path."""
+        drv = self._drv
+        root = self._root
+        parts = self._parts
+        if len(parts) == 1 and (drv or root):
+            return self
+        return self._from_parsed_parts(drv, root, parts[:-1])
+
+    @property
+    def parents(self):
+        """A sequence of this path's logical parents."""
+        return _PathParents(self)
+
+    def is_absolute(self):
+        """True if the path is absolute (has both a root and, if applicable,
+        a drive)."""
+        if not self._root:
+            return False
+        return not self._flavour.has_drv or bool(self._drv)
+
+    def is_reserved(self):
+        """Return True if the path contains one of the special names reserved
+        by the system, if any."""
+        return self._flavour.is_reserved(self._parts)
+
+    def match(self, path_pattern):
+        """
+        Return True if this path matches the given pattern.
+        """
+        cf = self._flavour.casefold
+        path_pattern = cf(path_pattern)
+        drv, root, pat_parts = self._flavour.parse_parts((path_pattern,))
+        if not pat_parts:
+            raise ValueError("empty pattern")
+        if drv and drv != cf(self._drv):
+            return False
+        if root and root != cf(self._root):
+            return False
+        parts = self._cparts
+        if drv or root:
+            if len(pat_parts) != len(parts):
+                return False
+            pat_parts = pat_parts[1:]
+        elif len(pat_parts) > len(parts):
+            return False
+        for part, pat in zip(reversed(parts), reversed(pat_parts)):
+            if not fnmatch.fnmatchcase(part, pat):
+                return False
+        return True
+
+
+class PurePosixPath(PurePath):
+    _flavour = _posix_flavour
+    __slots__ = ()
+
+
+class PureWindowsPath(PurePath):
+    _flavour = _windows_flavour
+    __slots__ = ()
+
+
+# Filesystem-accessing classes
+
+
+class Path(PurePath):
+    __slots__ = (
+        '_accessor',
+        '_closed',
+    )
+
+    def __new__(cls, *args, **kwargs):
+        if cls is Path:
+            cls = WindowsPath if os.name == 'nt' else PosixPath
+        self = cls._from_parts(args, init=False)
+        if not self._flavour.is_supported:
+            raise NotImplementedError("cannot instantiate %r on your system"
+                                      % (cls.__name__,))
+        self._init()
+        return self
+
+    def _init(self,
+              # Private non-constructor arguments
+              template=None,
+              ):
+        self._closed = False
+        if template is not None:
+            self._accessor = template._accessor
+        else:
+            self._accessor = _normal_accessor
+
+    def _make_child_relpath(self, part):
+        # This is an optimization used for dir walking.  `part` must be
+        # a single part relative to this path.
+        parts = self._parts + [part]
+        return self._from_parsed_parts(self._drv, self._root, parts)
+
+    def __enter__(self):
+        if self._closed:
+            self._raise_closed()
+        return self
+
+    def __exit__(self, t, v, tb):
+        self._closed = True
+
+    def _raise_closed(self):
+        raise ValueError("I/O operation on closed path")
+
+    def _opener(self, name, flags, mode=0o666):
+        # A stub for the opener argument to built-in open()
+        return self._accessor.open(self, flags, mode)
+
+    def _raw_open(self, flags, mode=0o777):
+        """
+        Open the file pointed by this path and return a file descriptor,
+        as os.open() does.
+        """
+        if self._closed:
+            self._raise_closed()
+        return self._accessor.open(self, flags, mode)
+
+    # Public API
+
+    @classmethod
+    def cwd(cls):
+        """Return a new path pointing to the current working directory
+        (as returned by os.getcwd()).
+        """
+        return cls(os.getcwd())
+
+    @classmethod
+    def home(cls):
+        """Return a new path pointing to the user's home directory (as
+        returned by os.path.expanduser('~')).
+        """
+        return cls(cls()._flavour.gethomedir(None))
+
+    def samefile(self, other_path):
+        """Return whether `other_file` is the same or not as this file.
+        (as returned by os.path.samefile(file, other_file)).
+        """
+        if hasattr(os.path, "samestat"):
+            st = self.stat()
+            try:
+                other_st = other_path.stat()
+            except AttributeError:
+                other_st = os.stat(other_path)
+            return os.path.samestat(st, other_st)
+        else:
+            filename1 = six.text_type(self)
+            filename2 = six.text_type(other_path)
+            st1 = _win32_get_unique_path_id(filename1)
+            st2 = _win32_get_unique_path_id(filename2)
+            return st1 == st2
+
+    def iterdir(self):
+        """Iterate over the files in this directory.  Does not yield any
+        result for the special paths '.' and '..'.
+        """
+        if self._closed:
+            self._raise_closed()
+        for name in self._accessor.listdir(self):
+            if name in ('.', '..'):
+                # Yielding a path object for these makes little sense
+                continue
+            yield self._make_child_relpath(name)
+            if self._closed:
+                self._raise_closed()
+
+    def glob(self, pattern):
+        """Iterate over this subtree and yield all existing files (of any
+        kind, including directories) matching the given pattern.
+        """
+        pattern = self._flavour.casefold(pattern)
+        drv, root, pattern_parts = self._flavour.parse_parts((pattern,))
+        if drv or root:
+            raise NotImplementedError("Non-relative patterns are unsupported")
+        selector = _make_selector(tuple(pattern_parts))
+        for p in selector.select_from(self):
+            yield p
+
+    def rglob(self, pattern):
+        """Recursively yield all existing files (of any kind, including
+        directories) matching the given pattern, anywhere in this subtree.
+        """
+        pattern = self._flavour.casefold(pattern)
+        drv, root, pattern_parts = self._flavour.parse_parts((pattern,))
+        if drv or root:
+            raise NotImplementedError("Non-relative patterns are unsupported")
+        selector = _make_selector(("**",) + tuple(pattern_parts))
+        for p in selector.select_from(self):
+            yield p
+
+    def absolute(self):
+        """Return an absolute version of this path.  This function works
+        even if the path doesn't point to anything.
+
+        No normalization is done, i.e. all '.' and '..' will be kept along.
+        Use resolve() to get the canonical path to a file.
+        """
+        # XXX untested yet!
+        if self._closed:
+            self._raise_closed()
+        if self.is_absolute():
+            return self
+        # FIXME this must defer to the specific flavour (and, under Windows,
+        # use nt._getfullpathname())
+        obj = self._from_parts([os.getcwd()] + self._parts, init=False)
+        obj._init(template=self)
+        return obj
+
+    def resolve(self):
+        """
+        Make the path absolute, resolving all symlinks on the way and also
+        normalizing it (for example turning slashes into backslashes under
+        Windows).
+        """
+        if self._closed:
+            self._raise_closed()
+        s = self._flavour.resolve(self)
+        if s is None:
+            # No symlink resolution => for consistency, raise an error if
+            # the path doesn't exist or is forbidden
+            self.stat()
+            s = str(self.absolute())
+        # Now we have no symlinks in the path, it's safe to normalize it.
+        normed = self._flavour.pathmod.normpath(s)
+        obj = self._from_parts((normed,), init=False)
+        obj._init(template=self)
+        return obj
+
+    def stat(self):
+        """
+        Return the result of the stat() system call on this path, like
+        os.stat() does.
+        """
+        return self._accessor.stat(self)
+
+    def owner(self):
+        """
+        Return the login name of the file owner.
+        """
+        import pwd
+        return pwd.getpwuid(self.stat().st_uid).pw_name
+
+    def group(self):
+        """
+        Return the group name of the file gid.
+        """
+        import grp
+        return grp.getgrgid(self.stat().st_gid).gr_name
+
+    def open(self, mode='r', buffering=-1, encoding=None,
+             errors=None, newline=None):
+        """
+        Open the file pointed by this path and return a file object, as
+        the built-in open() function does.
+        """
+        if self._closed:
+            self._raise_closed()
+        if sys.version_info >= (3, 3):
+            return io.open(
+                str(self), mode, buffering, encoding, errors, newline,
+                opener=self._opener)
+        else:
+            return io.open(str(self), mode, buffering,
+                           encoding, errors, newline)
+
+    def read_bytes(self):
+        """
+        Open the file in bytes mode, read it, and close the file.
+        """
+        with self.open(mode='rb') as f:
+            return f.read()
+
+    def read_text(self, encoding=None, errors=None):
+        """
+        Open the file in text mode, read it, and close the file.
+        """
+        with self.open(mode='r', encoding=encoding, errors=errors) as f:
+            return f.read()
+
+    def write_bytes(self, data):
+        """
+        Open the file in bytes mode, write to it, and close the file.
+        """
+        if not isinstance(data, six.binary_type):
+            raise TypeError(
+                'data must be %s, not %s' %
+                (six.binary_type.__class__.__name__, data.__class__.__name__))
+        with self.open(mode='wb') as f:
+            return f.write(data)
+
+    def write_text(self, data, encoding=None, errors=None):
+        """
+        Open the file in text mode, write to it, and close the file.
+        """
+        if not isinstance(data, six.text_type):
+            raise TypeError(
+                'data must be %s, not %s' %
+                (six.text_type.__class__.__name__, data.__class__.__name__))
+        with self.open(mode='w', encoding=encoding, errors=errors) as f:
+            return f.write(data)
+
+    def touch(self, mode=0o666, exist_ok=True):
+        """
+        Create this file with the given access mode, if it doesn't exist.
+        """
+        if self._closed:
+            self._raise_closed()
+        if exist_ok:
+            # First try to bump modification time
+            # Implementation note: GNU touch uses the UTIME_NOW option of
+            # the utimensat() / futimens() functions.
+            try:
+                self._accessor.utime(self, None)
+            except OSError:
+                # Avoid exception chaining
+                pass
+            else:
+                return
+        flags = os.O_CREAT | os.O_WRONLY
+        if not exist_ok:
+            flags |= os.O_EXCL
+        fd = self._raw_open(flags, mode)
+        os.close(fd)
+
+    def mkdir(self, mode=0o777, parents=False, exist_ok=False):
+
+        def helper(exc):
+            if not exist_ok or not self.is_dir():
+                raise exc
+
+        if self._closed:
+            self._raise_closed()
+        if not parents:
+            _try_except_fileexistserror(
+                lambda: self._accessor.mkdir(self, mode),
+                helper)
+        else:
+            try:
+                _try_except_fileexistserror(
+                    lambda: self._accessor.mkdir(self, mode),
+                    helper)
+            except OSError as e:
+                if e.errno != ENOENT:
+                    raise
+                self.parent.mkdir(parents=True)
+                self._accessor.mkdir(self, mode)
+
+    def chmod(self, mode):
+        """
+        Change the permissions of the path, like os.chmod().
+        """
+        if self._closed:
+            self._raise_closed()
+        self._accessor.chmod(self, mode)
+
+    def lchmod(self, mode):
+        """
+        Like chmod(), except if the path points to a symlink, the symlink's
+        permissions are changed, rather than its target's.
+        """
+        if self._closed:
+            self._raise_closed()
+        self._accessor.lchmod(self, mode)
+
+    def unlink(self):
+        """
+        Remove this file or link.
+        If the path is a directory, use rmdir() instead.
+        """
+        if self._closed:
+            self._raise_closed()
+        self._accessor.unlink(self)
+
+    def rmdir(self):
+        """
+        Remove this directory.  The directory must be empty.
+        """
+        if self._closed:
+            self._raise_closed()
+        self._accessor.rmdir(self)
+
+    def lstat(self):
+        """
+        Like stat(), except if the path points to a symlink, the symlink's
+        status information is returned, rather than its target's.
+        """
+        if self._closed:
+            self._raise_closed()
+        return self._accessor.lstat(self)
+
+    def rename(self, target):
+        """
+        Rename this path to the given path.
+        """
+        if self._closed:
+            self._raise_closed()
+        self._accessor.rename(self, target)
+
+    def replace(self, target):
+        """
+        Rename this path to the given path, clobbering the existing
+        destination if it exists.
+        """
+        if sys.version_info < (3, 3):
+            raise NotImplementedError("replace() is only available "
+                                      "with Python 3.3 and later")
+        if self._closed:
+            self._raise_closed()
+        self._accessor.replace(self, target)
+
+    def symlink_to(self, target, target_is_directory=False):
+        """
+        Make this path a symlink pointing to the given path.
+        Note the order of arguments (self, target) is the reverse of
+        os.symlink's.
+        """
+        if self._closed:
+            self._raise_closed()
+        self._accessor.symlink(target, self, target_is_directory)
+
+    # Convenience functions for querying the stat results
+
+    def exists(self):
+        """
+        Whether this path exists.
+        """
+        try:
+            self.stat()
+        except OSError as e:
+            if e.errno not in (ENOENT, ENOTDIR):
+                raise
+            return False
+        return True
+
+    def is_dir(self):
+        """
+        Whether this path is a directory.
+        """
+        try:
+            return S_ISDIR(self.stat().st_mode)
+        except OSError as e:
+            if e.errno not in (ENOENT, ENOTDIR):
+                raise
+            # Path doesn't exist or is a broken symlink
+            # (see https://bitbucket.org/pitrou/pathlib/issue/12/)
+            return False
+
+    def is_file(self):
+        """
+        Whether this path is a regular file (also True for symlinks pointing
+        to regular files).
+        """
+        try:
+            return S_ISREG(self.stat().st_mode)
+        except OSError as e:
+            if e.errno not in (ENOENT, ENOTDIR):
+                raise
+            # Path doesn't exist or is a broken symlink
+            # (see https://bitbucket.org/pitrou/pathlib/issue/12/)
+            return False
+
+    def is_symlink(self):
+        """
+        Whether this path is a symbolic link.
+        """
+        try:
+            return S_ISLNK(self.lstat().st_mode)
+        except OSError as e:
+            if e.errno not in (ENOENT, ENOTDIR):
+                raise
+            # Path doesn't exist
+            return False
+
+    def is_block_device(self):
+        """
+        Whether this path is a block device.
+        """
+        try:
+            return S_ISBLK(self.stat().st_mode)
+        except OSError as e:
+            if e.errno not in (ENOENT, ENOTDIR):
+                raise
+            # Path doesn't exist or is a broken symlink
+            # (see https://bitbucket.org/pitrou/pathlib/issue/12/)
+            return False
+
+    def is_char_device(self):
+        """
+        Whether this path is a character device.
+        """
+        try:
+            return S_ISCHR(self.stat().st_mode)
+        except OSError as e:
+            if e.errno not in (ENOENT, ENOTDIR):
+                raise
+            # Path doesn't exist or is a broken symlink
+            # (see https://bitbucket.org/pitrou/pathlib/issue/12/)
+            return False
+
+    def is_fifo(self):
+        """
+        Whether this path is a FIFO.
+        """
+        try:
+            return S_ISFIFO(self.stat().st_mode)
+        except OSError as e:
+            if e.errno not in (ENOENT, ENOTDIR):
+                raise
+            # Path doesn't exist or is a broken symlink
+            # (see https://bitbucket.org/pitrou/pathlib/issue/12/)
+            return False
+
+    def is_socket(self):
+        """
+        Whether this path is a socket.
+        """
+        try:
+            return S_ISSOCK(self.stat().st_mode)
+        except OSError as e:
+            if e.errno not in (ENOENT, ENOTDIR):
+                raise
+            # Path doesn't exist or is a broken symlink
+            # (see https://bitbucket.org/pitrou/pathlib/issue/12/)
+            return False
+
+    def expanduser(self):
+        """ Return a new path with expanded ~ and ~user constructs
+        (as returned by os.path.expanduser)
+        """
+        if (not (self._drv or self._root)
+                and self._parts and self._parts[0][:1] == '~'):
+            homedir = self._flavour.gethomedir(self._parts[0][1:])
+            return self._from_parts([homedir] + self._parts[1:])
+
+        return self
+
+
+class PosixPath(Path, PurePosixPath):
+    __slots__ = ()
+
+
+class WindowsPath(Path, PureWindowsPath):
+    __slots__ = ()
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/third_party/python/pathlib2/requirements.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,1 @@
+six
\ No newline at end of file
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/third_party/python/pathlib2/setup.cfg
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+[nosetests]
+with-coverage = 1
+cover-package = pathlib2
+cover-branches = 1
+cover-html = 1
+
+[wheel]
+universal = 1
+
+[egg_info]
+tag_build = 
+tag_date = 0
+tag_svn_revision = 0
+
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/third_party/python/pathlib2/setup.py
@@ -0,0 +1,41 @@
+import io
+from setuptools import setup
+
+
+def readfile(filename):
+    with io.open(filename, encoding="utf-8") as stream:
+        return stream.read().split("\n")
+
+readme = readfile("README.rst")[5:]  # skip title and badges
+requires = readfile("requirements.txt")
+version = readfile("VERSION")[0].strip()
+
+setup(
+    name='pathlib2',
+    version=version,
+    py_modules=['pathlib2'],
+    license='MIT',
+    description='Object-oriented filesystem paths',
+    long_description="\n".join(readme[2:]),
+    author='Matthias C. M. Troffaes',
+    author_email='matthias.troffaes@gmail.com',
+    classifiers=[
+        'Development Status :: 5 - Production/Stable',
+        'Intended Audience :: Developers',
+        'License :: OSI Approved :: MIT License',
+        'Operating System :: OS Independent',
+        'Programming Language :: Python',
+        'Programming Language :: Python :: 2',
+        'Programming Language :: Python :: 3',
+        'Programming Language :: Python :: 2.6',
+        'Programming Language :: Python :: 2.7',
+        'Programming Language :: Python :: 3.2',
+        'Programming Language :: Python :: 3.3',
+        'Programming Language :: Python :: 3.4',
+        'Topic :: Software Development :: Libraries',
+        'Topic :: System :: Filesystems',
+        ],
+    download_url='https://pypi.python.org/pypi/pathlib2/',
+    url='https://pypi.python.org/pypi/pathlib2/',
+    install_requires=requires,
+)
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/third_party/python/pathlib2/test_pathlib2.py
@@ -0,0 +1,2206 @@
+import collections
+import io
+import os
+import errno
+import pathlib2 as pathlib
+import pickle
+import six
+import shutil
+import socket
+import stat
+import sys
+import tempfile
+
+if sys.version_info < (2, 7):
+    try:
+        import unittest2 as unittest
+    except ImportError:
+        raise ImportError("unittest2 is required for tests on pre-2.7")
+else:
+    import unittest
+
+try:
+    from test import support
+except ImportError:
+    from test import test_support as support
+TESTFN = support.TESTFN
+
+try:
+    import grp
+    import pwd
+except ImportError:
+    grp = pwd = None
+
+
+# Backported from 3.4
+def fs_is_case_insensitive(directory):
+    """Detects if the file system for the specified directory is
+    case-insensitive.
+    """
+    base_fp, base_path = tempfile.mkstemp(dir=directory)
+    case_path = base_path.upper()
+    if case_path == base_path:
+        case_path = base_path.lower()
+    try:
+        return os.path.samefile(base_path, case_path)
+    except OSError as e:
+        if e.errno != errno.ENOENT:
+            raise
+        return False
+    finally:
+        os.unlink(base_path)
+
+support.fs_is_case_insensitive = fs_is_case_insensitive
+
+
+class _BaseFlavourTest(object):
+
+    def _check_parse_parts(self, arg, expected):
+        f = self.flavour.parse_parts
+        sep = self.flavour.sep
+        altsep = self.flavour.altsep
+        actual = f([x.replace('/', sep) for x in arg])
+        self.assertEqual(actual, expected)
+        if altsep:
+            actual = f([x.replace('/', altsep) for x in arg])
+            self.assertEqual(actual, expected)
+        drv, root, parts = actual
+        # neither bytes (py3) nor unicode (py2)
+        self.assertIsInstance(drv, str)
+        self.assertIsInstance(root, str)
+        for p in parts:
+            self.assertIsInstance(p, str)
+
+    def test_parse_parts_common(self):
+        check = self._check_parse_parts
+        sep = self.flavour.sep
+        # Unanchored parts
+        check([],                   ('', '', []))
+        check(['a'],                ('', '', ['a']))
+        check(['a/'],               ('', '', ['a']))
+        check(['a', 'b'],           ('', '', ['a', 'b']))
+        # Expansion
+        check(['a/b'],              ('', '', ['a', 'b']))
+        check(['a/b/'],             ('', '', ['a', 'b']))
+        check(['a', 'b/c', 'd'],    ('', '', ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd']))
+        # Collapsing and stripping excess slashes
+        check(['a', 'b//c', 'd'],   ('', '', ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd']))
+        check(['a', 'b/c/', 'd'],   ('', '', ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd']))
+        # Eliminating standalone dots
+        check(['.'],                ('', '', []))
+        check(['.', '.', 'b'],      ('', '', ['b']))
+        check(['a', '.', 'b'],      ('', '', ['a', 'b']))
+        check(['a', '.', '.'],      ('', '', ['a']))
+        # The first part is anchored
+        check(['/a/b'],             ('', sep, [sep, 'a', 'b']))
+        check(['/a', 'b'],          ('', sep, [sep, 'a', 'b']))
+        check(['/a/', 'b'],         ('', sep, [sep, 'a', 'b']))
+        # Ignoring parts before an anchored part
+        check(['a', '/b', 'c'],     ('', sep, [sep, 'b', 'c']))
+        check(['a', '/b', '/c'],    ('', sep, [sep, 'c']))
+
+
+class PosixFlavourTest(_BaseFlavourTest, unittest.TestCase):
+    flavour = pathlib._posix_flavour
+
+    def test_parse_parts(self):
+        check = self._check_parse_parts
+        # Collapsing of excess leading slashes, except for the double-slash
+        # special case.
+        check(['//a', 'b'],             ('', '//', ['//', 'a', 'b']))
+        check(['///a', 'b'],            ('', '/', ['/', 'a', 'b']))
+        check(['////a', 'b'],           ('', '/', ['/', 'a', 'b']))
+        # Paths which look like NT paths aren't treated specially
+        check(['c:a'],                  ('', '', ['c:a']))
+        check(['c:\\a'],                ('', '', ['c:\\a']))
+        check(['\\a'],                  ('', '', ['\\a']))
+
+    def test_splitroot(self):
+        f = self.flavour.splitroot
+        self.assertEqual(f(''), ('', '', ''))
+        self.assertEqual(f('a'), ('', '', 'a'))
+        self.assertEqual(f('a/b'), ('', '', 'a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(f('a/b/'), ('', '', 'a/b/'))
+        self.assertEqual(f('/a'), ('', '/', 'a'))
+        self.assertEqual(f('/a/b'), ('', '/', 'a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(f('/a/b/'), ('', '/', 'a/b/'))
+        # The root is collapsed when there are redundant slashes
+        # except when there are exactly two leading slashes, which
+        # is a special case in POSIX.
+        self.assertEqual(f('//a'), ('', '//', 'a'))
+        self.assertEqual(f('///a'), ('', '/', 'a'))
+        self.assertEqual(f('///a/b'), ('', '/', 'a/b'))
+        # Paths which look like NT paths aren't treated specially
+        self.assertEqual(f('c:/a/b'), ('', '', 'c:/a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(f('\\/a/b'), ('', '', '\\/a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(f('\\a\\b'), ('', '', '\\a\\b'))
+
+
+class NTFlavourTest(_BaseFlavourTest, unittest.TestCase):
+    flavour = pathlib._windows_flavour
+
+    def test_parse_parts(self):
+        check = self._check_parse_parts
+        # First part is anchored
+        check(['c:'],                   ('c:', '', ['c:']))
+        check(['c:\\'],                 ('c:', '\\', ['c:\\']))
+        check(['\\'],                   ('', '\\', ['\\']))
+        check(['c:a'],                  ('c:', '', ['c:', 'a']))
+        check(['c:\\a'],                ('c:', '\\', ['c:\\', 'a']))
+        check(['\\a'],                  ('', '\\', ['\\', 'a']))
+        # UNC paths
+        check(['\\\\a\\b'],             ('\\\\a\\b', '\\', ['\\\\a\\b\\']))
+        check(['\\\\a\\b\\'],           ('\\\\a\\b', '\\', ['\\\\a\\b\\']))
+        check(['\\\\a\\b\\c'],
+              ('\\\\a\\b', '\\', ['\\\\a\\b\\', 'c']))
+        # Second part is anchored, so that the first part is ignored
+        check(['a', 'Z:b', 'c'],        ('Z:', '', ['Z:', 'b', 'c']))
+        check(['a', 'Z:\\b', 'c'],      ('Z:', '\\', ['Z:\\', 'b', 'c']))
+        check(['a', '\\b', 'c'],        ('', '\\', ['\\', 'b', 'c']))
+        # UNC paths
+        check(['a', '\\\\b\\c', 'd'],
+              ('\\\\b\\c', '\\', ['\\\\b\\c\\', 'd']))
+        # Collapsing and stripping excess slashes
+        check(['a', 'Z:\\\\b\\\\c\\', 'd\\'],
+              ('Z:', '\\', ['Z:\\', 'b', 'c', 'd']))
+        # UNC paths
+        check(['a', '\\\\b\\c\\\\', 'd'],
+              ('\\\\b\\c', '\\', ['\\\\b\\c\\', 'd']))
+        # Extended paths
+        check(['\\\\?\\c:\\'],          ('\\\\?\\c:', '\\', ['\\\\?\\c:\\']))
+        check(['\\\\?\\c:\\a'],
+              ('\\\\?\\c:', '\\', ['\\\\?\\c:\\', 'a']))
+        # Extended UNC paths (format is "\\?\UNC\server\share")
+        check(['\\\\?\\UNC\\b\\c'],
+              ('\\\\?\\UNC\\b\\c', '\\', ['\\\\?\\UNC\\b\\c\\']))
+        check(['\\\\?\\UNC\\b\\c\\d'],
+              ('\\\\?\\UNC\\b\\c', '\\', ['\\\\?\\UNC\\b\\c\\', 'd']))
+
+    def test_splitroot(self):
+        f = self.flavour.splitroot
+        self.assertEqual(f(''), ('', '', ''))
+        self.assertEqual(f('a'), ('', '', 'a'))
+        self.assertEqual(f('a\\b'), ('', '', 'a\\b'))
+        self.assertEqual(f('\\a'), ('', '\\', 'a'))
+        self.assertEqual(f('\\a\\b'), ('', '\\', 'a\\b'))
+        self.assertEqual(f('c:a\\b'), ('c:', '', 'a\\b'))
+        self.assertEqual(f('c:\\a\\b'), ('c:', '\\', 'a\\b'))
+        # Redundant slashes in the root are collapsed
+        self.assertEqual(f('\\\\a'), ('', '\\', 'a'))
+        self.assertEqual(f('\\\\\\a/b'), ('', '\\', 'a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(f('c:\\\\a'), ('c:', '\\', 'a'))
+        self.assertEqual(f('c:\\\\\\a/b'), ('c:', '\\', 'a/b'))
+        # Valid UNC paths
+        self.assertEqual(f('\\\\a\\b'), ('\\\\a\\b', '\\', ''))
+        self.assertEqual(f('\\\\a\\b\\'), ('\\\\a\\b', '\\', ''))
+        self.assertEqual(f('\\\\a\\b\\c\\d'), ('\\\\a\\b', '\\', 'c\\d'))
+        # These are non-UNC paths (according to ntpath.py and test_ntpath)
+        # However, command.com says such paths are invalid, so it's
+        # difficult to know what the right semantics are
+        self.assertEqual(f('\\\\\\a\\b'), ('', '\\', 'a\\b'))
+        self.assertEqual(f('\\\\a'), ('', '\\', 'a'))
+
+
+#
+# Tests for the pure classes
+#
+
+with_fsencode = unittest.skipIf(
+    sys.version_info < (3, 2),
+    'os.fsencode has been introduced in version 3.2')
+
+
+class _BasePurePathTest(object):
+
+    # keys are canonical paths, values are list of tuples of arguments
+    # supposed to produce equal paths
+    equivalences = {
+        'a/b': [
+            ('a', 'b'), ('a/', 'b'), ('a', 'b/'), ('a/', 'b/'),
+            ('a/b/',), ('a//b',), ('a//b//',),
+            # empty components get removed
+            ('', 'a', 'b'), ('a', '', 'b'), ('a', 'b', ''),
+            ],
+        '/b/c/d': [
+            ('a', '/b/c', 'd'), ('a', '///b//c', 'd/'),
+            ('/a', '/b/c', 'd'),
+            # empty components get removed
+            ('/', 'b', '', 'c/d'), ('/', '', 'b/c/d'), ('', '/b/c/d'),
+            ],
+    }
+
+    def setUp(self):
+        p = self.cls('a')
+        self.flavour = p._flavour
+        self.sep = self.flavour.sep
+        self.altsep = self.flavour.altsep
+
+    def test_constructor_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('a')
+        self.assertIsInstance(p, P)
+        P('a', 'b', 'c')
+        P('/a', 'b', 'c')
+        P('a/b/c')
+        P('/a/b/c')
+        self.assertEqual(P(P('a')), P('a'))
+        self.assertEqual(P(P('a'), 'b'), P('a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(P(P('a'), P('b')), P('a/b'))
+
+    def _check_str_subclass(self, *args):
+        # Issue #21127: it should be possible to construct a PurePath object
+        # from an str subclass instance, and it then gets converted to
+        # a pure str object.
+        class StrSubclass(str):
+            pass
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P(*(StrSubclass(x) for x in args))
+        self.assertEqual(p, P(*args))
+        for part in p.parts:
+            self.assertIs(type(part), str)
+
+    def test_str_subclass_common(self):
+        self._check_str_subclass('')
+        self._check_str_subclass('.')
+        self._check_str_subclass('a')
+        self._check_str_subclass('a/b.txt')
+        self._check_str_subclass('/a/b.txt')
+
+    def test_join_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('a/b')
+        pp = p.joinpath('c')
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('a/b/c'))
+        self.assertIs(type(pp), type(p))
+        pp = p.joinpath('c', 'd')
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('a/b/c/d'))
+        pp = p.joinpath(P('c'))
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('a/b/c'))
+        pp = p.joinpath('/c')
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('/c'))
+
+    def test_div_common(self):
+        # Basically the same as joinpath()
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('a/b')
+        pp = p / 'c'
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('a/b/c'))
+        self.assertIs(type(pp), type(p))
+        pp = p / 'c/d'
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('a/b/c/d'))
+        pp = p / 'c' / 'd'
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('a/b/c/d'))
+        pp = 'c' / p / 'd'
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('c/a/b/d'))
+        pp = p / P('c')
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('a/b/c'))
+        pp = p / '/c'
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('/c'))
+
+    def _check_str(self, expected, args):
+        p = self.cls(*args)
+        self.assertEqual(str(p), expected.replace('/', self.sep))
+
+    def test_str_common(self):
+        # Canonicalized paths roundtrip
+        for pathstr in ('a', 'a/b', 'a/b/c', '/', '/a/b', '/a/b/c'):
+            self._check_str(pathstr, (pathstr,))
+        # Special case for the empty path
+        self._check_str('.', ('',))
+        # Other tests for str() are in test_equivalences()
+
+    def test_as_posix_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        for pathstr in ('a', 'a/b', 'a/b/c', '/', '/a/b', '/a/b/c'):
+            self.assertEqual(P(pathstr).as_posix(), pathstr)
+        # Other tests for as_posix() are in test_equivalences()
+
+    @with_fsencode
+    def test_as_bytes_common(self):
+        sep = os.fsencode(self.sep)
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(bytes(P('a/b')), b'a' + sep + b'b')
+
+    def test_as_uri_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        with self.assertRaises(ValueError):
+            P('a').as_uri()
+        with self.assertRaises(ValueError):
+            P().as_uri()
+
+    def test_repr_common(self):
+        for pathstr in ('a', 'a/b', 'a/b/c', '/', '/a/b', '/a/b/c'):
+            p = self.cls(pathstr)
+            clsname = p.__class__.__name__
+            r = repr(p)
+            # The repr() is in the form ClassName("forward-slashes path")
+            self.assertTrue(r.startswith(clsname + '('), r)
+            self.assertTrue(r.endswith(')'), r)
+            inner = r[len(clsname) + 1: -1]
+            self.assertEqual(eval(inner), p.as_posix())
+            # The repr() roundtrips
+            q = eval(r, pathlib.__dict__)
+            self.assertIs(q.__class__, p.__class__)
+            self.assertEqual(q, p)
+            self.assertEqual(repr(q), r)
+
+    def test_eq_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b'), P('a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b'), P('a', 'b'))
+        self.assertNotEqual(P('a/b'), P('a'))
+        self.assertNotEqual(P('a/b'), P('/a/b'))
+        self.assertNotEqual(P('a/b'), P())
+        self.assertNotEqual(P('/a/b'), P('/'))
+        self.assertNotEqual(P(), P('/'))
+        self.assertNotEqual(P(), "")
+        self.assertNotEqual(P(), {})
+        self.assertNotEqual(P(), int)
+
+    def test_match_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('a').match, '')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('a').match, '.')
+        # Simple relative pattern
+        self.assertTrue(P('b.py').match('b.py'))
+        self.assertTrue(P('a/b.py').match('b.py'))
+        self.assertTrue(P('/a/b.py').match('b.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('a.py').match('b.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('b/py').match('b.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('/a.py').match('b.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('b.py/c').match('b.py'))
+        # Wilcard relative pattern
+        self.assertTrue(P('b.py').match('*.py'))
+        self.assertTrue(P('a/b.py').match('*.py'))
+        self.assertTrue(P('/a/b.py').match('*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('b.pyc').match('*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('b./py').match('*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('b.py/c').match('*.py'))
+        # Multi-part relative pattern
+        self.assertTrue(P('ab/c.py').match('a*/*.py'))
+        self.assertTrue(P('/d/ab/c.py').match('a*/*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('a.py').match('a*/*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('/dab/c.py').match('a*/*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('ab/c.py/d').match('a*/*.py'))
+        # Absolute pattern
+        self.assertTrue(P('/b.py').match('/*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('b.py').match('/*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('a/b.py').match('/*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('/a/b.py').match('/*.py'))
+        # Multi-part absolute pattern
+        self.assertTrue(P('/a/b.py').match('/a/*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('/ab.py').match('/a/*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('/a/b/c.py').match('/a/*.py'))
+
+    def test_ordering_common(self):
+        # Ordering is tuple-alike
+        def assertLess(a, b):
+            self.assertLess(a, b)
+            self.assertGreater(b, a)
+        P = self.cls
+        a = P('a')
+        b = P('a/b')
+        c = P('abc')
+        d = P('b')
+        assertLess(a, b)
+        assertLess(a, c)
+        assertLess(a, d)
+        assertLess(b, c)
+        assertLess(c, d)
+        P = self.cls
+        a = P('/a')
+        b = P('/a/b')
+        c = P('/abc')
+        d = P('/b')
+        assertLess(a, b)
+        assertLess(a, c)
+        assertLess(a, d)
+        assertLess(b, c)
+        assertLess(c, d)
+        if sys.version_info > (3,):
+            with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
+                P() < {}
+        else:
+            P() < {}
+
+    def test_parts_common(self):
+        # `parts` returns a tuple
+        sep = self.sep
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('a/b')
+        parts = p.parts
+        self.assertEqual(parts, ('a', 'b'))
+        for part in parts:
+            self.assertIsInstance(part, str)
+        # The object gets reused
+        self.assertIs(parts, p.parts)
+        # When the path is absolute, the anchor is a separate part
+        p = P('/a/b')
+        parts = p.parts
+        self.assertEqual(parts, (sep, 'a', 'b'))
+
+    def test_equivalences(self):
+        for k, tuples in self.equivalences.items():
+            canon = k.replace('/', self.sep)
+            posix = k.replace(self.sep, '/')
+            if canon != posix:
+                tuples = tuples + [
+                    tuple(part.replace('/', self.sep) for part in t)
+                    for t in tuples
+                    ]
+                tuples.append((posix, ))
+            pcanon = self.cls(canon)
+            for t in tuples:
+                p = self.cls(*t)
+                self.assertEqual(p, pcanon, "failed with args {0}".format(t))
+                self.assertEqual(hash(p), hash(pcanon))
+                self.assertEqual(str(p), canon)
+                self.assertEqual(p.as_posix(), posix)
+
+    def test_parent_common(self):
+        # Relative
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('a/b/c')
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent, P('a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent.parent, P('a'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent.parent.parent, P())
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent.parent.parent.parent, P())
+        # Anchored
+        p = P('/a/b/c')
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent, P('/a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent.parent, P('/a'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent.parent.parent, P('/'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent.parent.parent.parent, P('/'))
+
+    def test_parents_common(self):
+        # Relative
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('a/b/c')
+        par = p.parents
+        self.assertEqual(len(par), 3)
+        self.assertEqual(par[0], P('a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(par[1], P('a'))
+        self.assertEqual(par[2], P('.'))
+        self.assertEqual(list(par), [P('a/b'), P('a'), P('.')])
+        with self.assertRaises(IndexError):
+            par[-1]
+        with self.assertRaises(IndexError):
+            par[3]
+        with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
+            par[0] = p
+        # Anchored
+        p = P('/a/b/c')
+        par = p.parents
+        self.assertEqual(len(par), 3)
+        self.assertEqual(par[0], P('/a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(par[1], P('/a'))
+        self.assertEqual(par[2], P('/'))
+        self.assertEqual(list(par), [P('/a/b'), P('/a'), P('/')])
+        with self.assertRaises(IndexError):
+            par[3]
+
+    def test_drive_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b').drive, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b').drive, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('').drive, '')
+
+    def test_root_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        sep = self.sep
+        self.assertEqual(P('').root, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b').root, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('/').root, sep)
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b').root, sep)
+
+    def test_anchor_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        sep = self.sep
+        self.assertEqual(P('').anchor, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b').anchor, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('/').anchor, sep)
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b').anchor, sep)
+
+    def test_name_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('').name, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('.').name, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('/').name, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b').name, 'b')
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b').name, 'b')
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b/.').name, 'b')
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b.py').name, 'b.py')
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b.py').name, 'b.py')
+
+    def test_suffix_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('.').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('..').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('/').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b/.').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b.py').suffix, '.py')
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b.py').suffix, '.py')
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/.hgrc').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/.hgrc').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/.hg.rc').suffix, '.rc')
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/.hg.rc').suffix, '.rc')
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b.tar.gz').suffix, '.gz')
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b.tar.gz').suffix, '.gz')
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/Some name. Ending with a dot.').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/Some name. Ending with a dot.').suffix, '')
+
+    def test_suffixes_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('').suffixes, [])
+        self.assertEqual(P('.').suffixes, [])
+        self.assertEqual(P('/').suffixes, [])
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b').suffixes, [])
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b').suffixes, [])
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b/.').suffixes, [])
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b.py').suffixes, ['.py'])
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b.py').suffixes, ['.py'])
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/.hgrc').suffixes, [])
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/.hgrc').suffixes, [])
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/.hg.rc').suffixes, ['.rc'])
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/.hg.rc').suffixes, ['.rc'])
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b.tar.gz').suffixes, ['.tar', '.gz'])
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b.tar.gz').suffixes, ['.tar', '.gz'])
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/Some name. Ending with a dot.').suffixes, [])
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/Some name. Ending with a dot.').suffixes, [])
+
+    def test_stem_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('').stem, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('.').stem, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('..').stem, '..')
+        self.assertEqual(P('/').stem, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b').stem, 'b')
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b.py').stem, 'b')
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/.hgrc').stem, '.hgrc')
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/.hg.rc').stem, '.hg')
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b.tar.gz').stem, 'b.tar')
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/Some name. Ending with a dot.').stem,
+                         'Some name. Ending with a dot.')
+
+    def test_with_name_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b').with_name('d.xml'), P('a/d.xml'))
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b').with_name('d.xml'), P('/a/d.xml'))
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b.py').with_name('d.xml'), P('a/d.xml'))
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b.py').with_name('d.xml'), P('/a/d.xml'))
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/Dot ending.').with_name('d.xml'), P('a/d.xml'))
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/Dot ending.').with_name('d.xml'), P('/a/d.xml'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('').with_name, 'd.xml')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('.').with_name, 'd.xml')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('/').with_name, 'd.xml')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('a/b').with_name, '')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('a/b').with_name, '/c')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('a/b').with_name, 'c/')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('a/b').with_name, 'c/d')
+
+    def test_with_suffix_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b').with_suffix('.gz'), P('a/b.gz'))
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b').with_suffix('.gz'), P('/a/b.gz'))
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b.py').with_suffix('.gz'), P('a/b.gz'))
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b.py').with_suffix('.gz'), P('/a/b.gz'))
+        # Stripping suffix
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/b.py').with_suffix(''), P('a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b').with_suffix(''), P('/a/b'))
+        # Path doesn't have a "filename" component
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('').with_suffix, '.gz')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('.').with_suffix, '.gz')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('/').with_suffix, '.gz')
+        # Invalid suffix
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('a/b').with_suffix, 'gz')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('a/b').with_suffix, '/')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('a/b').with_suffix, '.')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('a/b').with_suffix, '/.gz')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('a/b').with_suffix, 'c/d')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('a/b').with_suffix, '.c/.d')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('a/b').with_suffix, './.d')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('a/b').with_suffix, '.d/.')
+
+    def test_relative_to_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('a/b')
+        self.assertRaises(TypeError, p.relative_to)
+        if six.PY3:
+            self.assertRaises(TypeError, p.relative_to, b'a')
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to(P()), P('a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to(''), P('a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to(P('a')), P('b'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('a'), P('b'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('a/'), P('b'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to(P('a/b')), P())
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('a/b'), P())
+        # With several args
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('a', 'b'), P())
+        # Unrelated paths
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('c'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('a/b/c'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('a/c'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('/a'))
+        p = P('/a/b')
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to(P('/')), P('a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('/'), P('a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to(P('/a')), P('b'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('/a'), P('b'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('/a/'), P('b'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to(P('/a/b')), P())
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('/a/b'), P())
+        # Unrelated paths
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('/c'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('/a/b/c'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('/a/c'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P())
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, '')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('a'))
+
+    def test_pickling_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('/a/b')
+        for proto in range(0, pickle.HIGHEST_PROTOCOL + 1):
+            dumped = pickle.dumps(p, proto)
+            pp = pickle.loads(dumped)
+            self.assertIs(pp.__class__, p.__class__)
+            self.assertEqual(pp, p)
+            self.assertEqual(hash(pp), hash(p))
+            self.assertEqual(str(pp), str(p))
+
+
+class PurePosixPathTest(_BasePurePathTest, unittest.TestCase):
+    cls = pathlib.PurePosixPath
+
+    def test_root(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b').root, '/')
+        self.assertEqual(P('///a/b').root, '/')
+        # POSIX special case for two leading slashes
+        self.assertEqual(P('//a/b').root, '//')
+
+    def test_eq(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertNotEqual(P('a/b'), P('A/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a'), P('///a'))
+        self.assertNotEqual(P('/a'), P('//a'))
+
+    def test_as_uri(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('/').as_uri(), 'file:///')
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b.c').as_uri(), 'file:///a/b.c')
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b%#c').as_uri(), 'file:///a/b%25%23c')
+
+    @with_fsencode
+    def test_as_uri_non_ascii(self):
+        from urllib.parse import quote_from_bytes
+        P = self.cls
+        try:
+            os.fsencode('\xe9')
+        except UnicodeEncodeError:
+            self.skipTest("\\xe9 cannot be encoded to the filesystem encoding")
+        self.assertEqual(P('/a/b\xe9').as_uri(),
+                         'file:///a/b' + quote_from_bytes(os.fsencode('\xe9')))
+
+    def test_match(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertFalse(P('A.py').match('a.PY'))
+
+    def test_is_absolute(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertFalse(P().is_absolute())
+        self.assertFalse(P('a').is_absolute())
+        self.assertFalse(P('a/b/').is_absolute())
+        self.assertTrue(P('/').is_absolute())
+        self.assertTrue(P('/a').is_absolute())
+        self.assertTrue(P('/a/b/').is_absolute())
+        self.assertTrue(P('//a').is_absolute())
+        self.assertTrue(P('//a/b').is_absolute())
+
+    def test_is_reserved(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertIs(False, P('').is_reserved())
+        self.assertIs(False, P('/').is_reserved())
+        self.assertIs(False, P('/foo/bar').is_reserved())
+        self.assertIs(False, P('/dev/con/PRN/NUL').is_reserved())
+
+    def test_join(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('//a')
+        pp = p.joinpath('b')
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('//a/b'))
+        pp = P('/a').joinpath('//c')
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('//c'))
+        pp = P('//a').joinpath('/c')
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('/c'))
+
+    def test_div(self):
+        # Basically the same as joinpath()
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('//a')
+        pp = p / 'b'
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('//a/b'))
+        pp = P('/a') / '//c'
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('//c'))
+        pp = P('//a') / '/c'
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('/c'))
+
+
+class PureWindowsPathTest(_BasePurePathTest, unittest.TestCase):
+    cls = pathlib.PureWindowsPath
+
+    equivalences = _BasePurePathTest.equivalences.copy()
+    equivalences.update({
+        'c:a': [('c:', 'a'), ('c:', 'a/'), ('/', 'c:', 'a')],
+        'c:/a': [
+            ('c:/', 'a'), ('c:', '/', 'a'), ('c:', '/a'),
+            ('/z', 'c:/', 'a'), ('//x/y', 'c:/', 'a'),
+            ],
+        '//a/b/': [('//a/b',)],
+        '//a/b/c': [
+            ('//a/b', 'c'), ('//a/b/', 'c'),
+            ],
+    })
+
+    def test_str(self):
+        p = self.cls('a/b/c')
+        self.assertEqual(str(p), 'a\\b\\c')
+        p = self.cls('c:/a/b/c')
+        self.assertEqual(str(p), 'c:\\a\\b\\c')
+        p = self.cls('//a/b')
+        self.assertEqual(str(p), '\\\\a\\b\\')
+        p = self.cls('//a/b/c')
+        self.assertEqual(str(p), '\\\\a\\b\\c')
+        p = self.cls('//a/b/c/d')
+        self.assertEqual(str(p), '\\\\a\\b\\c\\d')
+
+    def test_str_subclass(self):
+        self._check_str_subclass('c:')
+        self._check_str_subclass('c:a')
+        self._check_str_subclass('c:a\\b.txt')
+        self._check_str_subclass('c:\\')
+        self._check_str_subclass('c:\\a')
+        self._check_str_subclass('c:\\a\\b.txt')
+        self._check_str_subclass('\\\\some\\share')
+        self._check_str_subclass('\\\\some\\share\\a')
+        self._check_str_subclass('\\\\some\\share\\a\\b.txt')
+
+    def test_eq(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b'), P('c:a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b'), P('c:', 'a', 'b'))
+        self.assertNotEqual(P('c:a/b'), P('d:a/b'))
+        self.assertNotEqual(P('c:a/b'), P('c:/a/b'))
+        self.assertNotEqual(P('/a/b'), P('c:/a/b'))
+        # Case-insensitivity
+        self.assertEqual(P('a/B'), P('A/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(P('C:a/B'), P('c:A/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(P('//Some/SHARE/a/B'), P('//somE/share/A/b'))
+
+    @with_fsencode
+    def test_as_uri(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        with self.assertRaises(ValueError):
+            P('/a/b').as_uri()
+        with self.assertRaises(ValueError):
+            P('c:a/b').as_uri()
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/').as_uri(), 'file:///c:/')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/b.c').as_uri(), 'file:///c:/a/b.c')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/b%#c').as_uri(), 'file:///c:/a/b%25%23c')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/b\xe9').as_uri(), 'file:///c:/a/b%C3%A9')
+        self.assertEqual(P('//some/share/').as_uri(), 'file://some/share/')
+        self.assertEqual(P('//some/share/a/b.c').as_uri(),
+                         'file://some/share/a/b.c')
+        self.assertEqual(P('//some/share/a/b%#c\xe9').as_uri(),
+                         'file://some/share/a/b%25%23c%C3%A9')
+
+    def test_match_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        # Absolute patterns
+        self.assertTrue(P('c:/b.py').match('/*.py'))
+        self.assertTrue(P('c:/b.py').match('c:*.py'))
+        self.assertTrue(P('c:/b.py').match('c:/*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('d:/b.py').match('c:/*.py'))  # wrong drive
+        self.assertFalse(P('b.py').match('/*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('b.py').match('c:*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('b.py').match('c:/*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('c:b.py').match('/*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('c:b.py').match('c:/*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('/b.py').match('c:*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('/b.py').match('c:/*.py'))
+        # UNC patterns
+        self.assertTrue(P('//some/share/a.py').match('/*.py'))
+        self.assertTrue(P('//some/share/a.py').match('//some/share/*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('//other/share/a.py').match('//some/share/*.py'))
+        self.assertFalse(P('//some/share/a/b.py').match('//some/share/*.py'))
+        # Case-insensitivity
+        self.assertTrue(P('B.py').match('b.PY'))
+        self.assertTrue(P('c:/a/B.Py').match('C:/A/*.pY'))
+        self.assertTrue(P('//Some/Share/B.Py').match('//somE/sharE/*.pY'))
+
+    def test_ordering_common(self):
+        # Case-insensitivity
+        def assertOrderedEqual(a, b):
+            self.assertLessEqual(a, b)
+            self.assertGreaterEqual(b, a)
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('c:A/b')
+        q = P('C:a/B')
+        assertOrderedEqual(p, q)
+        self.assertFalse(p < q)
+        self.assertFalse(p > q)
+        p = P('//some/Share/A/b')
+        q = P('//Some/SHARE/a/B')
+        assertOrderedEqual(p, q)
+        self.assertFalse(p < q)
+        self.assertFalse(p > q)
+
+    def test_parts(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('c:a/b')
+        parts = p.parts
+        self.assertEqual(parts, ('c:', 'a', 'b'))
+        p = P('c:/a/b')
+        parts = p.parts
+        self.assertEqual(parts, ('c:\\', 'a', 'b'))
+        p = P('//a/b/c/d')
+        parts = p.parts
+        self.assertEqual(parts, ('\\\\a\\b\\', 'c', 'd'))
+
+    def test_parent(self):
+        # Anchored
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('z:a/b/c')
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent, P('z:a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent.parent, P('z:a'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent.parent.parent, P('z:'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent.parent.parent.parent, P('z:'))
+        p = P('z:/a/b/c')
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent, P('z:/a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent.parent, P('z:/a'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent.parent.parent, P('z:/'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent.parent.parent.parent, P('z:/'))
+        p = P('//a/b/c/d')
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent, P('//a/b/c'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent.parent, P('//a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.parent.parent.parent, P('//a/b'))
+
+    def test_parents(self):
+        # Anchored
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('z:a/b/')
+        par = p.parents
+        self.assertEqual(len(par), 2)
+        self.assertEqual(par[0], P('z:a'))
+        self.assertEqual(par[1], P('z:'))
+        self.assertEqual(list(par), [P('z:a'), P('z:')])
+        with self.assertRaises(IndexError):
+            par[2]
+        p = P('z:/a/b/')
+        par = p.parents
+        self.assertEqual(len(par), 2)
+        self.assertEqual(par[0], P('z:/a'))
+        self.assertEqual(par[1], P('z:/'))
+        self.assertEqual(list(par), [P('z:/a'), P('z:/')])
+        with self.assertRaises(IndexError):
+            par[2]
+        p = P('//a/b/c/d')
+        par = p.parents
+        self.assertEqual(len(par), 2)
+        self.assertEqual(par[0], P('//a/b/c'))
+        self.assertEqual(par[1], P('//a/b'))
+        self.assertEqual(list(par), [P('//a/b/c'), P('//a/b')])
+        with self.assertRaises(IndexError):
+            par[2]
+
+    def test_drive(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:').drive, 'c:')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b').drive, 'c:')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/').drive, 'c:')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/b/').drive, 'c:')
+        self.assertEqual(P('//a/b').drive, '\\\\a\\b')
+        self.assertEqual(P('//a/b/').drive, '\\\\a\\b')
+        self.assertEqual(P('//a/b/c/d').drive, '\\\\a\\b')
+
+    def test_root(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:').root, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b').root, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/').root, '\\')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/b/').root, '\\')
+        self.assertEqual(P('//a/b').root, '\\')
+        self.assertEqual(P('//a/b/').root, '\\')
+        self.assertEqual(P('//a/b/c/d').root, '\\')
+
+    def test_anchor(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:').anchor, 'c:')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b').anchor, 'c:')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/').anchor, 'c:\\')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/b/').anchor, 'c:\\')
+        self.assertEqual(P('//a/b').anchor, '\\\\a\\b\\')
+        self.assertEqual(P('//a/b/').anchor, '\\\\a\\b\\')
+        self.assertEqual(P('//a/b/c/d').anchor, '\\\\a\\b\\')
+
+    def test_name(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:').name, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/').name, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b').name, 'b')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/b').name, 'b')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b.py').name, 'b.py')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/b.py').name, 'b.py')
+        self.assertEqual(P('//My.py/Share.php').name, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('//My.py/Share.php/a/b').name, 'b')
+
+    def test_suffix(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/b').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b.py').suffix, '.py')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/b.py').suffix, '.py')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/.hgrc').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/.hgrc').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/.hg.rc').suffix, '.rc')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/.hg.rc').suffix, '.rc')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b.tar.gz').suffix, '.gz')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/b.tar.gz').suffix, '.gz')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/Some name. Ending with a dot.').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/Some name. Ending with a dot.').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('//My.py/Share.php').suffix, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('//My.py/Share.php/a/b').suffix, '')
+
+    def test_suffixes(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:').suffixes, [])
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/').suffixes, [])
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b').suffixes, [])
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/b').suffixes, [])
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b.py').suffixes, ['.py'])
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/b.py').suffixes, ['.py'])
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/.hgrc').suffixes, [])
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/.hgrc').suffixes, [])
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/.hg.rc').suffixes, ['.rc'])
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/.hg.rc').suffixes, ['.rc'])
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b.tar.gz').suffixes, ['.tar', '.gz'])
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/b.tar.gz').suffixes, ['.tar', '.gz'])
+        self.assertEqual(P('//My.py/Share.php').suffixes, [])
+        self.assertEqual(P('//My.py/Share.php/a/b').suffixes, [])
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/Some name. Ending with a dot.').suffixes, [])
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/Some name. Ending with a dot.').suffixes, [])
+
+    def test_stem(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:').stem, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:.').stem, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:..').stem, '..')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/').stem, '')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b').stem, 'b')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b.py').stem, 'b')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/.hgrc').stem, '.hgrc')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/.hg.rc').stem, '.hg')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b.tar.gz').stem, 'b.tar')
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/Some name. Ending with a dot.').stem,
+                         'Some name. Ending with a dot.')
+
+    def test_with_name(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b').with_name('d.xml'), P('c:a/d.xml'))
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/b').with_name('d.xml'), P('c:/a/d.xml'))
+        self.assertEqual(
+            P('c:a/Dot ending.').with_name('d.xml'), P('c:a/d.xml'))
+        self.assertEqual(
+            P('c:/a/Dot ending.').with_name('d.xml'), P('c:/a/d.xml'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('c:').with_name, 'd.xml')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('c:/').with_name, 'd.xml')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('//My/Share').with_name, 'd.xml')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('c:a/b').with_name, 'd:')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('c:a/b').with_name, 'd:e')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('c:a/b').with_name, 'd:/e')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('c:a/b').with_name, '//My/Share')
+
+    def test_with_suffix(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b').with_suffix('.gz'), P('c:a/b.gz'))
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/b').with_suffix('.gz'), P('c:/a/b.gz'))
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:a/b.py').with_suffix('.gz'), P('c:a/b.gz'))
+        self.assertEqual(P('c:/a/b.py').with_suffix('.gz'), P('c:/a/b.gz'))
+        # Path doesn't have a "filename" component
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('').with_suffix, '.gz')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('.').with_suffix, '.gz')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('/').with_suffix, '.gz')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('//My/Share').with_suffix, '.gz')
+        # Invalid suffix
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('c:a/b').with_suffix, 'gz')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('c:a/b').with_suffix, '/')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('c:a/b').with_suffix, '\\')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('c:a/b').with_suffix, 'c:')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('c:a/b').with_suffix, '/.gz')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('c:a/b').with_suffix, '\\.gz')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('c:a/b').with_suffix, 'c:.gz')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('c:a/b').with_suffix, 'c/d')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('c:a/b').with_suffix, 'c\\d')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('c:a/b').with_suffix, '.c/d')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, P('c:a/b').with_suffix, '.c\\d')
+
+    def test_relative_to(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('C:Foo/Bar')
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to(P('c:')), P('Foo/Bar'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('c:'), P('Foo/Bar'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to(P('c:foO')), P('Bar'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('c:foO'), P('Bar'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('c:foO/'), P('Bar'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to(P('c:foO/baR')), P())
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('c:foO/baR'), P())
+        # Unrelated paths
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P())
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, '')
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('d:'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('/'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('Foo'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('/Foo'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('C:/Foo'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('C:Foo/Bar/Baz'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('C:Foo/Baz'))
+        p = P('C:/Foo/Bar')
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to(P('c:')), P('/Foo/Bar'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('c:'), P('/Foo/Bar'))
+        self.assertEqual(str(p.relative_to(P('c:'))), '\\Foo\\Bar')
+        self.assertEqual(str(p.relative_to('c:')), '\\Foo\\Bar')
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to(P('c:/')), P('Foo/Bar'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('c:/'), P('Foo/Bar'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to(P('c:/foO')), P('Bar'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('c:/foO'), P('Bar'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('c:/foO/'), P('Bar'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to(P('c:/foO/baR')), P())
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('c:/foO/baR'), P())
+        # Unrelated paths
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('C:/Baz'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('C:/Foo/Bar/Baz'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('C:/Foo/Baz'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('C:Foo'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('d:'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('d:/'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('/'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('/Foo'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('//C/Foo'))
+        # UNC paths
+        p = P('//Server/Share/Foo/Bar')
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to(P('//sErver/sHare')), P('Foo/Bar'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('//sErver/sHare'), P('Foo/Bar'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('//sErver/sHare/'), P('Foo/Bar'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to(P('//sErver/sHare/Foo')), P('Bar'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('//sErver/sHare/Foo'), P('Bar'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('//sErver/sHare/Foo/'), P('Bar'))
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to(P('//sErver/sHare/Foo/Bar')), P())
+        self.assertEqual(p.relative_to('//sErver/sHare/Foo/Bar'), P())
+        # Unrelated paths
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('/Server/Share/Foo'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('c:/Server/Share/Foo'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('//z/Share/Foo'))
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.relative_to, P('//Server/z/Foo'))
+
+    def test_is_absolute(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        # Under NT, only paths with both a drive and a root are absolute
+        self.assertFalse(P().is_absolute())
+        self.assertFalse(P('a').is_absolute())
+        self.assertFalse(P('a/b/').is_absolute())
+        self.assertFalse(P('/').is_absolute())
+        self.assertFalse(P('/a').is_absolute())
+        self.assertFalse(P('/a/b/').is_absolute())
+        self.assertFalse(P('c:').is_absolute())
+        self.assertFalse(P('c:a').is_absolute())
+        self.assertFalse(P('c:a/b/').is_absolute())
+        self.assertTrue(P('c:/').is_absolute())
+        self.assertTrue(P('c:/a').is_absolute())
+        self.assertTrue(P('c:/a/b/').is_absolute())
+        # UNC paths are absolute by definition
+        self.assertTrue(P('//a/b').is_absolute())
+        self.assertTrue(P('//a/b/').is_absolute())
+        self.assertTrue(P('//a/b/c').is_absolute())
+        self.assertTrue(P('//a/b/c/d').is_absolute())
+
+    def test_join(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('C:/a/b')
+        pp = p.joinpath('x/y')
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('C:/a/b/x/y'))
+        pp = p.joinpath('/x/y')
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('C:/x/y'))
+        # Joining with a different drive => the first path is ignored, even
+        # if the second path is relative.
+        pp = p.joinpath('D:x/y')
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('D:x/y'))
+        pp = p.joinpath('D:/x/y')
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('D:/x/y'))
+        pp = p.joinpath('//host/share/x/y')
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('//host/share/x/y'))
+        # Joining with the same drive => the first path is appended to if
+        # the second path is relative.
+        pp = p.joinpath('c:x/y')
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('C:/a/b/x/y'))
+        pp = p.joinpath('c:/x/y')
+        self.assertEqual(pp, P('C:/x/y'))
+
+    def test_div(self):
+        # Basically the same as joinpath()
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('C:/a/b')
+        self.assertEqual(p / 'x/y', P('C:/a/b/x/y'))
+        self.assertEqual(p / 'x' / 'y', P('C:/a/b/x/y'))
+        self.assertEqual(p / '/x/y', P('C:/x/y'))
+        self.assertEqual(p / '/x' / 'y', P('C:/x/y'))
+        # Joining with a different drive => the first path is ignored, even
+        # if the second path is relative.
+        self.assertEqual(p / 'D:x/y', P('D:x/y'))
+        self.assertEqual(p / 'D:' / 'x/y', P('D:x/y'))
+        self.assertEqual(p / 'D:/x/y', P('D:/x/y'))
+        self.assertEqual(p / 'D:' / '/x/y', P('D:/x/y'))
+        self.assertEqual(p / '//host/share/x/y', P('//host/share/x/y'))
+        # Joining with the same drive => the first path is appended to if
+        # the second path is relative.
+        self.assertEqual(p / 'c:x/y', P('C:/a/b/x/y'))
+        self.assertEqual(p / 'c:/x/y', P('C:/x/y'))
+
+    def test_is_reserved(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        self.assertIs(False, P('').is_reserved())
+        self.assertIs(False, P('/').is_reserved())
+        self.assertIs(False, P('/foo/bar').is_reserved())
+        self.assertIs(True, P('con').is_reserved())
+        self.assertIs(True, P('NUL').is_reserved())
+        self.assertIs(True, P('NUL.txt').is_reserved())
+        self.assertIs(True, P('com1').is_reserved())
+        self.assertIs(True, P('com9.bar').is_reserved())
+        self.assertIs(False, P('bar.com9').is_reserved())
+        self.assertIs(True, P('lpt1').is_reserved())
+        self.assertIs(True, P('lpt9.bar').is_reserved())
+        self.assertIs(False, P('bar.lpt9').is_reserved())
+        # Only the last component matters
+        self.assertIs(False, P('c:/NUL/con/baz').is_reserved())
+        # UNC paths are never reserved
+        self.assertIs(False, P('//my/share/nul/con/aux').is_reserved())
+
+
+class PurePathTest(_BasePurePathTest, unittest.TestCase):
+    cls = pathlib.PurePath
+
+    def test_concrete_class(self):
+        p = self.cls('a')
+        self.assertIs(
+            type(p),
+            pathlib.PureWindowsPath
+            if os.name == 'nt' else pathlib.PurePosixPath)
+
+    def test_different_flavours_unequal(self):
+        p = pathlib.PurePosixPath('a')
+        q = pathlib.PureWindowsPath('a')
+        self.assertNotEqual(p, q)
+
+    @unittest.skipIf(sys.version_info < (3, 0),
+                     'Most types are orderable in Python 2')
+    def test_different_flavours_unordered(self):
+        p = pathlib.PurePosixPath('a')
+        q = pathlib.PureWindowsPath('a')
+        with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
+            p < q
+        with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
+            p <= q
+        with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
+            p > q
+        with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
+            p >= q
+
+
+#
+# Tests for the concrete classes
+#
+
+# Make sure any symbolic links in the base test path are resolved
+BASE = os.path.realpath(TESTFN)
+join = lambda *x: os.path.join(BASE, *x)
+rel_join = lambda *x: os.path.join(TESTFN, *x)
+
+
+def symlink_skip_reason():
+    if not pathlib.supports_symlinks:
+        return "no system support for symlinks"
+    try:
+        os.symlink(__file__, BASE)
+    except OSError as e:
+        return str(e)
+    else:
+        support.unlink(BASE)
+    return None
+
+symlink_skip_reason = symlink_skip_reason()
+
+only_nt = unittest.skipIf(os.name != 'nt',
+                          'test requires a Windows-compatible system')
+only_posix = unittest.skipIf(os.name == 'nt',
+                             'test requires a POSIX-compatible system')
+with_symlinks = unittest.skipIf(symlink_skip_reason, symlink_skip_reason)
+
+
+@only_posix
+class PosixPathAsPureTest(PurePosixPathTest):
+    cls = pathlib.PosixPath
+
+
+@only_nt
+class WindowsPathAsPureTest(PureWindowsPathTest):
+    cls = pathlib.WindowsPath
+
+
+class _BasePathTest(object):
+
+    """Tests for the FS-accessing functionalities of the Path classes."""
+
+    # (BASE)
+    #  |
+    #  |-- dirA/
+    #       |-- linkC -> "../dirB"
+    #  |-- dirB/
+    #  |    |-- fileB
+    #       |-- linkD -> "../dirB"
+    #  |-- dirC/
+    #  |    |-- fileC
+    #  |    |-- fileD
+    #  |-- fileA
+    #  |-- linkA -> "fileA"
+    #  |-- linkB -> "dirB"
+    #
+
+    def setUp(self):
+        os.mkdir(BASE)
+        self.addCleanup(shutil.rmtree, BASE)
+        os.mkdir(join('dirA'))
+        os.mkdir(join('dirB'))
+        os.mkdir(join('dirC'))
+        os.mkdir(join('dirC', 'dirD'))
+        with open(join('fileA'), 'wb') as f:
+            f.write(b"this is file A\n")
+        with open(join('dirB', 'fileB'), 'wb') as f:
+            f.write(b"this is file B\n")
+        with open(join('dirC', 'fileC'), 'wb') as f:
+            f.write(b"this is file C\n")
+        with open(join('dirC', 'dirD', 'fileD'), 'wb') as f:
+            f.write(b"this is file D\n")
+        if not symlink_skip_reason:
+            # Relative symlinks
+            os.symlink('fileA', join('linkA'))
+            os.symlink('non-existing', join('brokenLink'))
+            self.dirlink('dirB', join('linkB'))
+            self.dirlink(os.path.join('..', 'dirB'), join('dirA', 'linkC'))
+            # This one goes upwards but doesn't create a loop
+            self.dirlink(os.path.join('..', 'dirB'), join('dirB', 'linkD'))
+
+    if os.name == 'nt':
+        # Workaround for http://bugs.python.org/issue13772
+        def dirlink(self, src, dest):
+            os.symlink(src, dest, target_is_directory=True)
+    else:
+        def dirlink(self, src, dest):
+            os.symlink(src, dest)
+
+    def assertSame(self, path_a, path_b):
+        self.assertTrue(os.path.samefile(str(path_a), str(path_b)),
+                        "%r and %r don't point to the same file" %
+                        (path_a, path_b))
+
+    def assertFileNotFound(self, func, *args, **kwargs):
+        if sys.version_info >= (3, 3):
+            with self.assertRaises(FileNotFoundError) as cm:
+                func(*args, **kwargs)
+        else:
+            with self.assertRaises(OSError) as cm:
+                # Python 2.6 kludge for http://bugs.python.org/issue7853
+                try:
+                    func(*args, **kwargs)
+                except:
+                    raise
+            self.assertEqual(cm.exception.errno, errno.ENOENT)
+
+    def assertFileExists(self, func, *args, **kwargs):
+        if sys.version_info >= (3, 3):
+            with self.assertRaises(FileExistsError) as cm:
+                func(*args, **kwargs)
+        else:
+            with self.assertRaises(OSError) as cm:
+                # Python 2.6 kludge for http://bugs.python.org/issue7853
+                try:
+                    func(*args, **kwargs)
+                except:
+                    raise
+            self.assertEqual(cm.exception.errno, errno.EEXIST)
+
+    def _test_cwd(self, p):
+        q = self.cls(os.getcwd())
+        self.assertEqual(p, q)
+        self.assertEqual(str(p), str(q))
+        self.assertIs(type(p), type(q))
+        self.assertTrue(p.is_absolute())
+
+    def test_cwd(self):
+        p = self.cls.cwd()
+        self._test_cwd(p)
+
+    def _test_home(self, p):
+        q = self.cls(os.path.expanduser('~'))
+        self.assertEqual(p, q)
+        self.assertEqual(str(p), str(q))
+        self.assertIs(type(p), type(q))
+        self.assertTrue(p.is_absolute())
+
+    def test_home(self):
+        p = self.cls.home()
+        self._test_home(p)
+
+    def test_samefile(self):
+        fileA_path = os.path.join(BASE, 'fileA')
+        fileB_path = os.path.join(BASE, 'dirB', 'fileB')
+        p = self.cls(fileA_path)
+        pp = self.cls(fileA_path)
+        q = self.cls(fileB_path)
+        self.assertTrue(p.samefile(fileA_path))
+        self.assertTrue(p.samefile(pp))
+        self.assertFalse(p.samefile(fileB_path))
+        self.assertFalse(p.samefile(q))
+        # Test the non-existent file case
+        non_existent = os.path.join(BASE, 'foo')
+        r = self.cls(non_existent)
+        self.assertFileNotFound(p.samefile, r)
+        self.assertFileNotFound(p.samefile, non_existent)
+        self.assertFileNotFound(r.samefile, p)
+        self.assertFileNotFound(r.samefile, non_existent)
+        self.assertFileNotFound(r.samefile, r)
+        self.assertFileNotFound(r.samefile, non_existent)
+
+    def test_empty_path(self):
+        # The empty path points to '.'
+        p = self.cls('')
+        self.assertEqual(p.stat(), os.stat('.'))
+
+    def test_expanduser_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('~')
+        self.assertEqual(p.expanduser(), P(os.path.expanduser('~')))
+        p = P('foo')
+        self.assertEqual(p.expanduser(), p)
+        p = P('/~')
+        self.assertEqual(p.expanduser(), p)
+        p = P('../~')
+        self.assertEqual(p.expanduser(), p)
+        p = P(P('').absolute().anchor) / '~'
+        self.assertEqual(p.expanduser(), p)
+
+    def test_exists(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P(BASE)
+        self.assertIs(True, p.exists())
+        self.assertIs(True, (p / 'dirA').exists())
+        self.assertIs(True, (p / 'fileA').exists())
+        self.assertIs(False, (p / 'fileA' / 'bah').exists())
+        if not symlink_skip_reason:
+            self.assertIs(True, (p / 'linkA').exists())
+            self.assertIs(True, (p / 'linkB').exists())
+            self.assertIs(True, (p / 'linkB' / 'fileB').exists())
+            self.assertIs(False, (p / 'linkA' / 'bah').exists())
+        self.assertIs(False, (p / 'foo').exists())
+        self.assertIs(False, P('/xyzzy').exists())
+
+    def test_open_common(self):
+        p = self.cls(BASE)
+        with (p / 'fileA').open('r') as f:
+            self.assertIsInstance(f, io.TextIOBase)
+            self.assertEqual(f.read(), "this is file A\n")
+        with (p / 'fileA').open('rb') as f:
+            self.assertIsInstance(f, io.BufferedIOBase)
+            self.assertEqual(f.read().strip(), b"this is file A")
+        with (p / 'fileA').open('rb', buffering=0) as f:
+            self.assertIsInstance(f, io.RawIOBase)
+            self.assertEqual(f.read().strip(), b"this is file A")
+
+    def test_read_write_bytes(self):
+        p = self.cls(BASE)
+        (p / 'fileA').write_bytes(b'abcdefg')
+        self.assertEqual((p / 'fileA').read_bytes(), b'abcdefg')
+        # check that trying to write str does not truncate the file
+        with self.assertRaises(TypeError) as cm:
+            (p / 'fileA').write_bytes(six.u('somestr'))
+        self.assertTrue(str(cm.exception).startswith('data must be'))
+        self.assertEqual((p / 'fileA').read_bytes(), b'abcdefg')
+
+    def test_read_write_text(self):
+        p = self.cls(BASE)
+        (p / 'fileA').write_text(six.u('\u00e4bcdefg'), encoding='latin-1')
+        self.assertEqual((p / 'fileA').read_text(
+            encoding='utf-8', errors='ignore'), six.u('bcdefg'))
+        # check that trying to write bytes does not truncate the file
+        with self.assertRaises(TypeError) as cm:
+            (p / 'fileA').write_text(b'somebytes')
+        self.assertTrue(str(cm.exception).startswith('data must be'))
+        self.assertEqual((p / 'fileA').read_text(encoding='latin-1'),
+                         six.u('\u00e4bcdefg'))
+
+    def test_iterdir(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P(BASE)
+        it = p.iterdir()
+        paths = set(it)
+        expected = ['dirA', 'dirB', 'dirC', 'fileA']
+        if not symlink_skip_reason:
+            expected += ['linkA', 'linkB', 'brokenLink']
+        self.assertEqual(paths, set(P(BASE, q) for q in expected))
+
+    @with_symlinks
+    def test_iterdir_symlink(self):
+        # __iter__ on a symlink to a directory
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P(BASE, 'linkB')
+        paths = set(p.iterdir())
+        expected = set(P(BASE, 'linkB', q) for q in ['fileB', 'linkD'])
+        self.assertEqual(paths, expected)
+
+    def test_iterdir_nodir(self):
+        # __iter__ on something that is not a directory
+        p = self.cls(BASE, 'fileA')
+        with self.assertRaises(OSError) as cm:
+            # Python 2.6 kludge for http://bugs.python.org/issue7853
+            try:
+                next(p.iterdir())
+            except:
+                raise
+        # ENOENT or EINVAL under Windows, ENOTDIR otherwise
+        # (see issue #12802)
+        self.assertIn(cm.exception.errno, (errno.ENOTDIR,
+                                           errno.ENOENT, errno.EINVAL))
+
+    def test_glob_common(self):
+        def _check(glob, expected):
+            self.assertEqual(set(glob), set(P(BASE, q) for q in expected))
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P(BASE)
+        it = p.glob("fileA")
+        self.assertIsInstance(it, collections.Iterator)
+        _check(it, ["fileA"])
+        _check(p.glob("fileB"), [])
+        _check(p.glob("dir*/file*"), ["dirB/fileB", "dirC/fileC"])
+        if symlink_skip_reason:
+            _check(p.glob("*A"), ['dirA', 'fileA'])
+        else:
+            _check(p.glob("*A"), ['dirA', 'fileA', 'linkA'])
+        if symlink_skip_reason:
+            _check(p.glob("*B/*"), ['dirB/fileB'])
+        else:
+            _check(p.glob("*B/*"), ['dirB/fileB', 'dirB/linkD',
+                                    'linkB/fileB', 'linkB/linkD'])
+        if symlink_skip_reason:
+            _check(p.glob("*/fileB"), ['dirB/fileB'])
+        else:
+            _check(p.glob("*/fileB"), ['dirB/fileB', 'linkB/fileB'])
+
+    def test_rglob_common(self):
+        def _check(glob, expected):
+            self.assertEqual(set(glob), set(P(BASE, q) for q in expected))
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P(BASE)
+        it = p.rglob("fileA")
+        self.assertIsInstance(it, collections.Iterator)
+        # XXX cannot test because of symlink loops in the test setup
+        # _check(it, ["fileA"])
+        # _check(p.rglob("fileB"), ["dirB/fileB"])
+        # _check(p.rglob("*/fileA"), [""])
+        # _check(p.rglob("*/fileB"), ["dirB/fileB"])
+        # _check(p.rglob("file*"), ["fileA", "dirB/fileB"])
+        # No symlink loops here
+        p = P(BASE, "dirC")
+        _check(p.rglob("file*"), ["dirC/fileC", "dirC/dirD/fileD"])
+        _check(p.rglob("*/*"), ["dirC/dirD/fileD"])
+
+    def test_glob_dotdot(self):
+        # ".." is not special in globs
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P(BASE)
+        self.assertEqual(set(p.glob("..")), set([P(BASE, "..")]))
+        self.assertEqual(set(p.glob("dirA/../file*")),
+                         set([P(BASE, "dirA/../fileA")]))
+        self.assertEqual(set(p.glob("../xyzzy")), set())
+
+    def _check_resolve_relative(self, p, expected):
+        q = p.resolve()
+        self.assertEqual(q, expected)
+
+    def _check_resolve_absolute(self, p, expected):
+        q = p.resolve()
+        self.assertEqual(q, expected)
+
+    @with_symlinks
+    def test_resolve_common(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P(BASE, 'foo')
+        with self.assertRaises(OSError) as cm:
+            p.resolve()
+        self.assertEqual(cm.exception.errno, errno.ENOENT)
+        # These are all relative symlinks
+        p = P(BASE, 'dirB', 'fileB')
+        self._check_resolve_relative(p, p)
+        p = P(BASE, 'linkA')
+        self._check_resolve_relative(p, P(BASE, 'fileA'))
+        p = P(BASE, 'dirA', 'linkC', 'fileB')
+        self._check_resolve_relative(p, P(BASE, 'dirB', 'fileB'))
+        p = P(BASE, 'dirB', 'linkD', 'fileB')
+        self._check_resolve_relative(p, P(BASE, 'dirB', 'fileB'))
+        # Now create absolute symlinks
+        d = tempfile.mkdtemp(suffix='-dirD')
+        self.addCleanup(shutil.rmtree, d)
+        os.symlink(os.path.join(d), join('dirA', 'linkX'))
+        os.symlink(join('dirB'), os.path.join(d, 'linkY'))
+        p = P(BASE, 'dirA', 'linkX', 'linkY', 'fileB')
+        self._check_resolve_absolute(p, P(BASE, 'dirB', 'fileB'))
+
+    @with_symlinks
+    def test_resolve_dot(self):
+        # See https://bitbucket.org/pitrou/pathlib/issue/9/
+        # pathresolve-fails-on-complex-symlinks
+        p = self.cls(BASE)
+        self.dirlink('.', join('0'))
+        self.dirlink(os.path.join('0', '0'), join('1'))
+        self.dirlink(os.path.join('1', '1'), join('2'))
+        q = p / '2'
+        self.assertEqual(q.resolve(), p)
+
+    def test_with(self):
+        p = self.cls(BASE)
+        it = p.iterdir()
+        it2 = p.iterdir()
+        next(it2)
+        with p:
+            pass
+        # I/O operation on closed path
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, next, it)
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, next, it2)
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.open)
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.resolve)
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.absolute)
+        self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.__enter__)
+
+    def test_chmod(self):
+        p = self.cls(BASE) / 'fileA'
+        mode = p.stat().st_mode
+        # Clear writable bit
+        new_mode = mode & ~0o222
+        p.chmod(new_mode)
+        self.assertEqual(p.stat().st_mode, new_mode)
+        # Set writable bit
+        new_mode = mode | 0o222
+        p.chmod(new_mode)
+        self.assertEqual(p.stat().st_mode, new_mode)
+
+    # XXX also need a test for lchmod
+
+    def test_stat(self):
+        p = self.cls(BASE) / 'fileA'
+        st = p.stat()
+        self.assertEqual(p.stat(), st)
+        # Change file mode by flipping write bit
+        p.chmod(st.st_mode ^ 0o222)
+        self.addCleanup(p.chmod, st.st_mode)
+        self.assertNotEqual(p.stat(), st)
+
+    @with_symlinks
+    def test_lstat(self):
+        p = self.cls(BASE) / 'linkA'
+        st = p.stat()
+        self.assertNotEqual(st, p.lstat())
+
+    def test_lstat_nosymlink(self):
+        p = self.cls(BASE) / 'fileA'
+        st = p.stat()
+        self.assertEqual(st, p.lstat())
+
+    @unittest.skipUnless(pwd, "the pwd module is needed for this test")
+    def test_owner(self):
+        p = self.cls(BASE) / 'fileA'
+        uid = p.stat().st_uid
+        try:
+            name = pwd.getpwuid(uid).pw_name
+        except KeyError:
+            self.skipTest(
+                "user %d doesn't have an entry in the system database" % uid)
+        self.assertEqual(name, p.owner())
+
+    @unittest.skipUnless(grp, "the grp module is needed for this test")
+    def test_group(self):
+        p = self.cls(BASE) / 'fileA'
+        gid = p.stat().st_gid
+        try:
+            name = grp.getgrgid(gid).gr_name
+        except KeyError:
+            self.skipTest(
+                "group %d doesn't have an entry in the system database" % gid)
+        self.assertEqual(name, p.group())
+
+    def test_unlink(self):
+        p = self.cls(BASE) / 'fileA'
+        p.unlink()
+        self.assertFileNotFound(p.stat)
+        self.assertFileNotFound(p.unlink)
+
+    def test_rmdir(self):
+        p = self.cls(BASE) / 'dirA'
+        for q in p.iterdir():
+            q.unlink()
+        p.rmdir()
+        self.assertFileNotFound(p.stat)
+        self.assertFileNotFound(p.unlink)
+
+    def test_rename(self):
+        P = self.cls(BASE)
+        p = P / 'fileA'
+        size = p.stat().st_size
+        # Renaming to another path
+        q = P / 'dirA' / 'fileAA'
+        p.rename(q)
+        self.assertEqual(q.stat().st_size, size)
+        self.assertFileNotFound(p.stat)
+        # Renaming to a str of a relative path
+        r = rel_join('fileAAA')
+        q.rename(r)
+        self.assertEqual(os.stat(r).st_size, size)
+        self.assertFileNotFound(q.stat)
+
+    def test_replace(self):
+        P = self.cls(BASE)
+        p = P / 'fileA'
+        if sys.version_info < (3, 3):
+            self.assertRaises(NotImplementedError, p.replace, p)
+            return
+        size = p.stat().st_size
+        # Replacing a non-existing path
+        q = P / 'dirA' / 'fileAA'
+        p.replace(q)
+        self.assertEqual(q.stat().st_size, size)
+        self.assertFileNotFound(p.stat)
+        # Replacing another (existing) path
+        r = rel_join('dirB', 'fileB')
+        q.replace(r)
+        self.assertEqual(os.stat(r).st_size, size)
+        self.assertFileNotFound(q.stat)
+
+    def test_touch_common(self):
+        P = self.cls(BASE)
+        p = P / 'newfileA'
+        self.assertFalse(p.exists())
+        p.touch()
+        self.assertTrue(p.exists())
+        # Rewind the mtime sufficiently far in the past to work around
+        # filesystem-specific timestamp granularity.
+        old_mtime = p.stat().st_mtime - 10
+        os.utime(str(p), (old_mtime, old_mtime))
+        # The file mtime should be refreshed by calling touch() again
+        p.touch()
+        self.assertGreaterEqual(p.stat().st_mtime, old_mtime)
+        # Now with exist_ok=False
+        p = P / 'newfileB'
+        self.assertFalse(p.exists())
+        p.touch(mode=0o700, exist_ok=False)
+        self.assertTrue(p.exists())
+        self.assertRaises(OSError, p.touch, exist_ok=False)
+
+    def test_touch_nochange(self):
+        P = self.cls(BASE)
+        p = P / 'fileA'
+        p.touch()
+        with p.open('rb') as f:
+            self.assertEqual(f.read().strip(), b"this is file A")
+
+    def test_mkdir(self):
+        P = self.cls(BASE)
+        p = P / 'newdirA'
+        self.assertFalse(p.exists())
+        p.mkdir()
+        self.assertTrue(p.exists())
+        self.assertTrue(p.is_dir())
+        with self.assertRaises(OSError) as cm:
+            # Python 2.6 kludge for http://bugs.python.org/issue7853
+            try:
+                p.mkdir()
+            except:
+                raise
+        self.assertEqual(cm.exception.errno, errno.EEXIST)
+
+    def test_mkdir_parents(self):
+        # Creating a chain of directories
+        p = self.cls(BASE, 'newdirB', 'newdirC')
+        self.assertFalse(p.exists())
+        with self.assertRaises(OSError) as cm:
+            # Python 2.6 kludge for http://bugs.python.org/issue7853
+            try:
+                p.mkdir()
+            except:
+                raise
+        self.assertEqual(cm.exception.errno, errno.ENOENT)
+        p.mkdir(parents=True)
+        self.assertTrue(p.exists())
+        self.assertTrue(p.is_dir())
+        with self.assertRaises(OSError) as cm:
+            try:
+                p.mkdir(parents=True)
+            except:
+                raise
+        self.assertEqual(cm.exception.errno, errno.EEXIST)
+        # test `mode` arg
+        mode = stat.S_IMODE(p.stat().st_mode)  # default mode
+        p = self.cls(BASE, 'newdirD', 'newdirE')
+        p.mkdir(0o555, parents=True)
+        self.assertTrue(p.exists())
+        self.assertTrue(p.is_dir())
+        if os.name != 'nt':
+            # the directory's permissions follow the mode argument
+            self.assertEqual(stat.S_IMODE(p.stat().st_mode), 0o7555 & mode)
+        # the parent's permissions follow the default process settings
+        self.assertEqual(stat.S_IMODE(p.parent.stat().st_mode), mode)
+
+    def test_mkdir_exist_ok(self):
+        p = self.cls(BASE, 'dirB')
+        st_ctime_first = p.stat().st_ctime
+        self.assertTrue(p.exists())
+        self.assertTrue(p.is_dir())
+        self.assertFileExists(p.mkdir)
+        p.mkdir(exist_ok=True)
+        self.assertTrue(p.exists())
+        self.assertEqual(p.stat().st_ctime, st_ctime_first)
+
+    def test_mkdir_exist_ok_with_parent(self):
+        p = self.cls(BASE, 'dirC')
+        self.assertTrue(p.exists())
+        self.assertFileExists(p.mkdir)
+        p = p / 'newdirC'
+        p.mkdir(parents=True)
+        st_ctime_first = p.stat().st_ctime
+        self.assertTrue(p.exists())
+        self.assertFileExists(p.mkdir, parents=True)
+        p.mkdir(parents=True, exist_ok=True)
+        self.assertTrue(p.exists())
+        self.assertEqual(p.stat().st_ctime, st_ctime_first)
+
+    def test_mkdir_with_child_file(self):
+        p = self.cls(BASE, 'dirB', 'fileB')
+        self.assertTrue(p.exists())
+        # An exception is raised when the last path component is an existing
+        # regular file, regardless of whether exist_ok is true or not.
+        self.assertFileExists(p.mkdir, parents=True)
+        self.assertFileExists(p.mkdir, parents=True, exist_ok=True)
+
+    def test_mkdir_no_parents_file(self):
+        p = self.cls(BASE, 'fileA')
+        self.assertTrue(p.exists())
+        # An exception is raised when the last path component is an existing
+        # regular file, regardless of whether exist_ok is true or not.
+        self.assertFileExists(p.mkdir)
+        self.assertFileExists(p.mkdir, exist_ok=True)
+
+    @with_symlinks
+    def test_symlink_to(self):
+        P = self.cls(BASE)
+        target = P / 'fileA'
+        # Symlinking a path target
+        link = P / 'dirA' / 'linkAA'
+        link.symlink_to(target)
+        self.assertEqual(link.stat(), target.stat())
+        self.assertNotEqual(link.lstat(), target.stat())
+        # Symlinking a str target
+        link = P / 'dirA' / 'linkAAA'
+        link.symlink_to(str(target))
+        self.assertEqual(link.stat(), target.stat())
+        self.assertNotEqual(link.lstat(), target.stat())
+        self.assertFalse(link.is_dir())
+        # Symlinking to a directory
+        target = P / 'dirB'
+        link = P / 'dirA' / 'linkAAAA'
+        link.symlink_to(target, target_is_directory=True)
+        self.assertEqual(link.stat(), target.stat())
+        self.assertNotEqual(link.lstat(), target.stat())
+        self.assertTrue(link.is_dir())
+        self.assertTrue(list(link.iterdir()))
+
+    def test_is_dir(self):
+        P = self.cls(BASE)
+        self.assertTrue((P / 'dirA').is_dir())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'fileA').is_dir())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'non-existing').is_dir())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'fileA' / 'bah').is_dir())
+        if not symlink_skip_reason:
+            self.assertFalse((P / 'linkA').is_dir())
+            self.assertTrue((P / 'linkB').is_dir())
+            self.assertFalse((P / 'brokenLink').is_dir())
+
+    def test_is_file(self):
+        P = self.cls(BASE)
+        self.assertTrue((P / 'fileA').is_file())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'dirA').is_file())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'non-existing').is_file())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'fileA' / 'bah').is_file())
+        if not symlink_skip_reason:
+            self.assertTrue((P / 'linkA').is_file())
+            self.assertFalse((P / 'linkB').is_file())
+            self.assertFalse((P / 'brokenLink').is_file())
+
+    def test_is_symlink(self):
+        P = self.cls(BASE)
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'fileA').is_symlink())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'dirA').is_symlink())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'non-existing').is_symlink())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'fileA' / 'bah').is_symlink())
+        if not symlink_skip_reason:
+            self.assertTrue((P / 'linkA').is_symlink())
+            self.assertTrue((P / 'linkB').is_symlink())
+            self.assertTrue((P / 'brokenLink').is_symlink())
+
+    def test_is_fifo_false(self):
+        P = self.cls(BASE)
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'fileA').is_fifo())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'dirA').is_fifo())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'non-existing').is_fifo())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'fileA' / 'bah').is_fifo())
+
+    @unittest.skipUnless(hasattr(os, "mkfifo"), "os.mkfifo() required")
+    def test_is_fifo_true(self):
+        P = self.cls(BASE, 'myfifo')
+        os.mkfifo(str(P))
+        self.assertTrue(P.is_fifo())
+        self.assertFalse(P.is_socket())
+        self.assertFalse(P.is_file())
+
+    def test_is_socket_false(self):
+        P = self.cls(BASE)
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'fileA').is_socket())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'dirA').is_socket())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'non-existing').is_socket())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'fileA' / 'bah').is_socket())
+
+    @unittest.skipUnless(hasattr(socket, "AF_UNIX"), "Unix sockets required")
+    def test_is_socket_true(self):
+        P = self.cls(BASE, 'mysock')
+        sock = socket.socket(socket.AF_UNIX, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
+        self.addCleanup(sock.close)
+        try:
+            sock.bind(str(P))
+        except OSError as e:
+            if "AF_UNIX path too long" in str(e):
+                self.skipTest("cannot bind Unix socket: " + str(e))
+        self.assertTrue(P.is_socket())
+        self.assertFalse(P.is_fifo())
+        self.assertFalse(P.is_file())
+
+    def test_is_block_device_false(self):
+        P = self.cls(BASE)
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'fileA').is_block_device())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'dirA').is_block_device())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'non-existing').is_block_device())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'fileA' / 'bah').is_block_device())
+
+    def test_is_char_device_false(self):
+        P = self.cls(BASE)
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'fileA').is_char_device())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'dirA').is_char_device())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'non-existing').is_char_device())
+        self.assertFalse((P / 'fileA' / 'bah').is_char_device())
+
+    @only_posix
+    def test_is_char_device_true(self):
+        # Under Unix, /dev/null should generally be a char device
+        P = self.cls('/dev/null')
+        if not P.exists():
+            self.skipTest("/dev/null required")
+        self.assertTrue(P.is_char_device())
+        self.assertFalse(P.is_block_device())
+        self.assertFalse(P.is_file())
+
+    def test_pickling_common(self):
+        p = self.cls(BASE, 'fileA')
+        for proto in range(0, pickle.HIGHEST_PROTOCOL + 1):
+            dumped = pickle.dumps(p, proto)
+            pp = pickle.loads(dumped)
+            self.assertEqual(pp.stat(), p.stat())
+
+    def test_parts_interning(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P('/usr/bin/foo')
+        q = P('/usr/local/bin')
+        # 'usr'
+        self.assertIs(p.parts[1], q.parts[1])
+        # 'bin'
+        self.assertIs(p.parts[2], q.parts[3])
+
+    def _check_complex_symlinks(self, link0_target):
+        # Test solving a non-looping chain of symlinks (issue #19887)
+        P = self.cls(BASE)
+        self.dirlink(os.path.join('link0', 'link0'), join('link1'))
+        self.dirlink(os.path.join('link1', 'link1'), join('link2'))
+        self.dirlink(os.path.join('link2', 'link2'), join('link3'))
+        self.dirlink(link0_target, join('link0'))
+
+        # Resolve absolute paths
+        p = (P / 'link0').resolve()
+        self.assertEqual(p, P)
+        self.assertEqual(str(p), BASE)
+        p = (P / 'link1').resolve()
+        self.assertEqual(p, P)
+        self.assertEqual(str(p), BASE)
+        p = (P / 'link2').resolve()
+        self.assertEqual(p, P)
+        self.assertEqual(str(p), BASE)
+        p = (P / 'link3').resolve()
+        self.assertEqual(p, P)
+        self.assertEqual(str(p), BASE)
+
+        # Resolve relative paths
+        old_path = os.getcwd()
+        os.chdir(BASE)
+        try:
+            p = self.cls('link0').resolve()
+            self.assertEqual(p, P)
+            self.assertEqual(str(p), BASE)
+            p = self.cls('link1').resolve()
+            self.assertEqual(p, P)
+            self.assertEqual(str(p), BASE)
+            p = self.cls('link2').resolve()
+            self.assertEqual(p, P)
+            self.assertEqual(str(p), BASE)
+            p = self.cls('link3').resolve()
+            self.assertEqual(p, P)
+            self.assertEqual(str(p), BASE)
+        finally:
+            os.chdir(old_path)
+
+    @with_symlinks
+    def test_complex_symlinks_absolute(self):
+        self._check_complex_symlinks(BASE)
+
+    @with_symlinks
+    def test_complex_symlinks_relative(self):
+        self._check_complex_symlinks('.')
+
+    @with_symlinks
+    def test_complex_symlinks_relative_dot_dot(self):
+        self._check_complex_symlinks(os.path.join('dirA', '..'))
+
+
+class PathTest(_BasePathTest, unittest.TestCase):
+    cls = pathlib.Path
+
+    def test_concrete_class(self):
+        p = self.cls('a')
+        self.assertIs(
+            type(p),
+            pathlib.WindowsPath if os.name == 'nt' else pathlib.PosixPath)
+
+    def test_unsupported_flavour(self):
+        if os.name == 'nt':
+            self.assertRaises(NotImplementedError, pathlib.PosixPath)
+        else:
+            self.assertRaises(NotImplementedError, pathlib.WindowsPath)
+
+
+@only_posix
+class PosixPathTest(_BasePathTest, unittest.TestCase):
+    cls = pathlib.PosixPath
+
+    def _check_symlink_loop(self, *args):
+        path = self.cls(*args)
+        with self.assertRaises(RuntimeError):
+            print(path.resolve())
+
+    def test_open_mode(self):
+        old_mask = os.umask(0)
+        self.addCleanup(os.umask, old_mask)
+        p = self.cls(BASE)
+        with (p / 'new_file').open('wb'):
+            pass
+        st = os.stat(join('new_file'))
+        self.assertEqual(stat.S_IMODE(st.st_mode), 0o666)
+        os.umask(0o022)
+        with (p / 'other_new_file').open('wb'):
+            pass
+        st = os.stat(join('other_new_file'))
+        self.assertEqual(stat.S_IMODE(st.st_mode), 0o644)
+
+    def test_touch_mode(self):
+        old_mask = os.umask(0)
+        self.addCleanup(os.umask, old_mask)
+        p = self.cls(BASE)
+        (p / 'new_file').touch()
+        st = os.stat(join('new_file'))
+        self.assertEqual(stat.S_IMODE(st.st_mode), 0o666)
+        os.umask(0o022)
+        (p / 'other_new_file').touch()
+        st = os.stat(join('other_new_file'))
+        self.assertEqual(stat.S_IMODE(st.st_mode), 0o644)
+        (p / 'masked_new_file').touch(mode=0o750)
+        st = os.stat(join('masked_new_file'))
+        self.assertEqual(stat.S_IMODE(st.st_mode), 0o750)
+
+    @with_symlinks
+    def test_resolve_loop(self):
+        # Loop detection for broken symlinks under POSIX
+        # Loops with relative symlinks
+        os.symlink('linkX/inside', join('linkX'))
+        self._check_symlink_loop(BASE, 'linkX')
+        os.symlink('linkY', join('linkY'))
+        self._check_symlink_loop(BASE, 'linkY')
+        os.symlink('linkZ/../linkZ', join('linkZ'))
+        self._check_symlink_loop(BASE, 'linkZ')
+        # Loops with absolute symlinks
+        os.symlink(join('linkU/inside'), join('linkU'))
+        self._check_symlink_loop(BASE, 'linkU')
+        os.symlink(join('linkV'), join('linkV'))
+        self._check_symlink_loop(BASE, 'linkV')
+        os.symlink(join('linkW/../linkW'), join('linkW'))
+        self._check_symlink_loop(BASE, 'linkW')
+
+    def test_glob(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P(BASE)
+        given = set(p.glob("FILEa"))
+        expect = set() if not support.fs_is_case_insensitive(BASE) else given
+        self.assertEqual(given, expect)
+        self.assertEqual(set(p.glob("FILEa*")), set())
+
+    def test_rglob(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P(BASE, "dirC")
+        given = set(p.rglob("FILEd"))
+        expect = set() if not support.fs_is_case_insensitive(BASE) else given
+        self.assertEqual(given, expect)
+        self.assertEqual(set(p.rglob("FILEd*")), set())
+
+    def test_expanduser(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        support.import_module('pwd')
+        import pwd
+        pwdent = pwd.getpwuid(os.getuid())
+        username = pwdent.pw_name
+        userhome = pwdent.pw_dir.rstrip('/')
+        # find arbitrary different user (if exists)
+        for pwdent in pwd.getpwall():
+            othername = pwdent.pw_name
+            otherhome = pwdent.pw_dir.rstrip('/')
+            if othername != username and otherhome:
+                break
+
+        p1 = P('~/Documents')
+        p2 = P('~' + username + '/Documents')
+        p3 = P('~' + othername + '/Documents')
+        p4 = P('../~' + username + '/Documents')
+        p5 = P('/~' + username + '/Documents')
+        p6 = P('')
+        p7 = P('~fakeuser/Documents')
+
+        with support.EnvironmentVarGuard() as env:
+            env.unset('HOME')
+
+            self.assertEqual(p1.expanduser(), P(userhome) / 'Documents')
+            self.assertEqual(p2.expanduser(), P(userhome) / 'Documents')
+            self.assertEqual(p3.expanduser(), P(otherhome) / 'Documents')
+            self.assertEqual(p4.expanduser(), p4)
+            self.assertEqual(p5.expanduser(), p5)
+            self.assertEqual(p6.expanduser(), p6)
+            self.assertRaises(RuntimeError, p7.expanduser)
+
+            env.set('HOME', '/tmp')
+            self.assertEqual(p1.expanduser(), P('/tmp/Documents'))
+            self.assertEqual(p2.expanduser(), P(userhome) / 'Documents')
+            self.assertEqual(p3.expanduser(), P(otherhome) / 'Documents')
+            self.assertEqual(p4.expanduser(), p4)
+            self.assertEqual(p5.expanduser(), p5)
+            self.assertEqual(p6.expanduser(), p6)
+            self.assertRaises(RuntimeError, p7.expanduser)
+
+
+@only_nt
+class WindowsPathTest(_BasePathTest, unittest.TestCase):
+    cls = pathlib.WindowsPath
+
+    def test_glob(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P(BASE)
+        self.assertEqual(set(p.glob("FILEa")), set([P(BASE, "fileA")]))
+
+    def test_rglob(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        p = P(BASE, "dirC")
+        self.assertEqual(set(p.rglob("FILEd")),
+                         set([P(BASE, "dirC/dirD/fileD")]))
+
+    def test_expanduser(self):
+        P = self.cls
+        with support.EnvironmentVarGuard() as env:
+            env.pop('HOME', None)
+            env.pop('USERPROFILE', None)
+            env.pop('HOMEPATH', None)
+            env.pop('HOMEDRIVE', None)
+            env['USERNAME'] = 'alice'
+
+            # test that the path returns unchanged
+            p1 = P('~/My Documents')
+            p2 = P('~alice/My Documents')
+            p3 = P('~bob/My Documents')
+            p4 = P('/~/My Documents')
+            p5 = P('d:~/My Documents')
+            p6 = P('')
+            self.assertRaises(RuntimeError, p1.expanduser)
+            self.assertRaises(RuntimeError, p2.expanduser)
+            self.assertRaises(RuntimeError, p3.expanduser)
+            self.assertEqual(p4.expanduser(), p4)
+            self.assertEqual(p5.expanduser(), p5)
+            self.assertEqual(p6.expanduser(), p6)
+
+            def check():
+                env.pop('USERNAME', None)
+                self.assertEqual(p1.expanduser(),
+                                 P('C:/Users/alice/My Documents'))
+                self.assertRaises(KeyError, p2.expanduser)
+                env['USERNAME'] = 'alice'
+                self.assertEqual(p2.expanduser(),
+                                 P('C:/Users/alice/My Documents'))
+                self.assertEqual(p3.expanduser(),
+                                 P('C:/Users/bob/My Documents'))
+                self.assertEqual(p4.expanduser(), p4)
+                self.assertEqual(p5.expanduser(), p5)
+                self.assertEqual(p6.expanduser(), p6)
+
+            # test the first lookup key in the env vars
+            env['HOME'] = 'C:\\Users\\alice'
+            check()
+
+            # test that HOMEPATH is available instead
+            env.pop('HOME', None)
+            env['HOMEPATH'] = 'C:\\Users\\alice'
+            check()
+
+            env['HOMEDRIVE'] = 'C:\\'
+            env['HOMEPATH'] = 'Users\\alice'
+            check()
+
+            env.pop('HOMEDRIVE', None)
+            env.pop('HOMEPATH', None)
+            env['USERPROFILE'] = 'C:\\Users\\alice'
+            check()
+
+
+def main():
+    unittest.main(__name__)
+
+
+if __name__ == "__main__":
+    unittest.main()
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/third_party/python/pathlib2/test_pathlib2_with_py2_unicode_literals.py
@@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
+
+import __future__
+import os
+import sys
+import types
+
+
+def compile_source_file(source_file, flags):
+    with open(source_file, "r") as f:
+        source = f.read()
+    return compile(source, os.path.basename(source_file), 'exec', flags)
+
+
+if __name__ == "__main__":
+    # Compile and run test_pathlib.py as if
+    # "from __future__ import unicode_literals" had been added at the top.
+    flags = __future__.CO_FUTURE_UNICODE_LITERALS
+    code = compile_source_file("test_pathlib2.py", flags)
+    mod = types.ModuleType('test_pathlib2')
+    mod.__file__ = "test_pathlib2.py"
+    sys.modules[mod.__name__] = mod
+    # hack six.u() not to try to decode the string
+    import six
+    six.u = lambda s: s
+    eval(code, mod.__dict__)
+    mod.main()