js/src/frontend/BytecodeEmitter.cpp
author Jason Orendorff <jorendorff@mozilla.com>
Thu, 06 Jun 2013 22:49:17 -0500
changeset 146691 b252464d739e6f981bd4fe16aedf6e0395a2e5c7
parent 146653 2bd3d9bbd72296147bd56acae16d1c55a4c2cff0
child 147426 ce43d28276e494e9e3dba477cdcda931d15ffc7c
permissions -rw-r--r--
Bug 879831, part 7 - Isolate the frontend. Make files outside the frontend include frontend/BytecodeCompiler.h or frontend/SourceNotes.h if possible; those two act as facades and do not include all the rest of the frontend headers. r=njn.

/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 4 -*-
 * vim: set ts=8 sts=4 et sw=4 tw=99:
 * This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

/*
 * JS bytecode generation.
 */

#include "frontend/BytecodeEmitter-inl.h"

#include "mozilla/DebugOnly.h"
#include "mozilla/FloatingPoint.h"
#include "mozilla/PodOperations.h"

#ifdef HAVE_MEMORY_H
#include <memory.h>
#endif
#include <string.h>

#include "jstypes.h"
#include "jsutil.h"
#include "jsprf.h"
#include "jsapi.h"
#include "jsatom.h"
#include "jscntxt.h"
#include "jsversion.h"
#include "jsfun.h"
#include "jsnum.h"
#include "jsopcode.h"
#include "jsscript.h"
#include "jsautooplen.h"        // generated headers last

#include "ds/LifoAlloc.h"
#include "frontend/Parser.h"
#include "frontend/TokenStream.h"
#include "ion/AsmJS.h"
#include "vm/Debugger.h"
#include "vm/RegExpObject.h"
#include "vm/Shape.h"

#include "jsatominlines.h"
#include "jsscriptinlines.h"

#include "frontend/ParseMaps-inl.h"
#include "frontend/ParseNode-inl.h"
#include "frontend/SharedContext-inl.h"
#include "vm/Shape-inl.h"

using namespace js;
using namespace js::gc;
using namespace js::frontend;

using mozilla::DebugOnly;
using mozilla::DoubleIsInt32;
using mozilla::PodCopy;

static bool
SetSrcNoteOffset(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, unsigned index, unsigned which, ptrdiff_t offset);

struct frontend::StmtInfoBCE : public StmtInfoBase
{
    StmtInfoBCE     *down;          /* info for enclosing statement */
    StmtInfoBCE     *downScope;     /* next enclosing lexical scope */

    ptrdiff_t       update;         /* loop update offset (top if none) */
    ptrdiff_t       breaks;         /* offset of last break in loop */
    ptrdiff_t       continues;      /* offset of last continue in loop */

    StmtInfoBCE(JSContext *cx) : StmtInfoBase(cx) {}

    /*
     * To reuse space, alias two of the ptrdiff_t fields for use during
     * try/catch/finally code generation and backpatching.
     *
     * Only a loop, switch, or label statement info record can have breaks and
     * continues, and only a for loop has an update backpatch chain, so it's
     * safe to overlay these for the "trying" StmtTypes.
     */

    ptrdiff_t &gosubs() {
        JS_ASSERT(type == STMT_FINALLY);
        return breaks;
    }

    ptrdiff_t &guardJump() {
        JS_ASSERT(type == STMT_TRY || type == STMT_FINALLY);
        return continues;
    }
};

BytecodeEmitter::BytecodeEmitter(BytecodeEmitter *parent,
                                 Parser<FullParseHandler> *parser, SharedContext *sc,
                                 HandleScript script, bool insideEval, HandleScript evalCaller,
                                 bool hasGlobalScope, uint32_t lineNum, EmitterMode emitterMode)
  : sc(sc),
    parent(parent),
    script(sc->context, script),
    prolog(sc->context, lineNum),
    main(sc->context, lineNum),
    current(&main),
    parser(parser),
    evalCaller(evalCaller),
    topStmt(NULL),
    topScopeStmt(NULL),
    blockChain(sc->context),
    atomIndices(sc->context),
    firstLine(lineNum),
    stackDepth(0), maxStackDepth(0),
    tryNoteList(sc->context),
    arrayCompDepth(0),
    emitLevel(0),
    constList(sc->context),
    typesetCount(0),
    hasSingletons(false),
    emittingForInit(false),
    emittingRunOnceLambda(false),
    insideEval(insideEval),
    hasGlobalScope(hasGlobalScope),
    emitterMode(emitterMode)
{
    JS_ASSERT_IF(evalCaller, insideEval);
}

bool
BytecodeEmitter::init()
{
    return atomIndices.ensureMap(sc->context);
}

static ptrdiff_t
EmitCheck(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ptrdiff_t delta)
{
    ptrdiff_t offset = bce->code().length();

    // Start it off moderately large to avoid repeated resizings early on.
    if (bce->code().capacity() == 0 && !bce->code().reserve(1024))
        return -1;

    jsbytecode dummy = 0;
    if (!bce->code().appendN(dummy, delta)) {
        js_ReportOutOfMemory(cx);
        return -1;
    }
    return offset;
}

static StaticBlockObject &
CurrentBlock(StmtInfoBCE *topStmt)
{
    JS_ASSERT(topStmt->type == STMT_BLOCK || topStmt->type == STMT_SWITCH);
    JS_ASSERT(topStmt->blockObj->isStaticBlock());
    return *topStmt->blockObj;
}

static void
UpdateDepth(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ptrdiff_t target)
{
    jsbytecode *pc = bce->code(target);
    JSOp op = (JSOp) *pc;
    const JSCodeSpec *cs = &js_CodeSpec[op];

    if (cs->format & JOF_TMPSLOT_MASK) {
        /*
         * An opcode may temporarily consume stack space during execution.
         * Account for this in maxStackDepth separately from uses/defs here.
         */
        unsigned depth = (unsigned) bce->stackDepth +
                      ((cs->format & JOF_TMPSLOT_MASK) >> JOF_TMPSLOT_SHIFT);
        if (depth > bce->maxStackDepth)
            bce->maxStackDepth = depth;
    }

    /*
     * Specially handle any case in which StackUses or StackDefs would call
     * NumBlockSlots, since that requires a well-formed script. This allows us
     * to safely pass NULL as the 'script' parameter to StackUses and StackDefs.
     */
    int nuses, ndefs;
    if (op == JSOP_ENTERBLOCK) {
        nuses = 0;
        ndefs = CurrentBlock(bce->topStmt).slotCount();
    } else if (op == JSOP_ENTERLET0) {
        nuses = ndefs = CurrentBlock(bce->topStmt).slotCount();
    } else if (op == JSOP_ENTERLET1) {
        nuses = ndefs = CurrentBlock(bce->topStmt).slotCount() + 1;
    } else {
        nuses = StackUses(NULL, pc);
        ndefs = StackDefs(NULL, pc);
    }

    bce->stackDepth -= nuses;
    JS_ASSERT(bce->stackDepth >= 0);
    bce->stackDepth += ndefs;
    if ((unsigned)bce->stackDepth > bce->maxStackDepth)
        bce->maxStackDepth = bce->stackDepth;
}

ptrdiff_t
frontend::Emit1(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, JSOp op)
{
    ptrdiff_t offset = EmitCheck(cx, bce, 1);
    if (offset < 0)
        return -1;

    jsbytecode *code = bce->code(offset);
    code[0] = jsbytecode(op);
    UpdateDepth(cx, bce, offset);
    return offset;
}

ptrdiff_t
frontend::Emit2(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, JSOp op, jsbytecode op1)
{
    ptrdiff_t offset = EmitCheck(cx, bce, 2);
    if (offset < 0)
        return -1;

    jsbytecode *code = bce->code(offset);
    code[0] = jsbytecode(op);
    code[1] = op1;
    UpdateDepth(cx, bce, offset);
    return offset;
}

ptrdiff_t
frontend::Emit3(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, JSOp op, jsbytecode op1,
                    jsbytecode op2)
{
    /* These should filter through EmitVarOp. */
    JS_ASSERT(!IsArgOp(op));
    JS_ASSERT(!IsLocalOp(op));

    ptrdiff_t offset = EmitCheck(cx, bce, 3);
    if (offset < 0)
        return -1;

    jsbytecode *code = bce->code(offset);
    code[0] = jsbytecode(op);
    code[1] = op1;
    code[2] = op2;
    UpdateDepth(cx, bce, offset);
    return offset;
}

ptrdiff_t
frontend::EmitN(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, JSOp op, size_t extra)
{
    ptrdiff_t length = 1 + (ptrdiff_t)extra;
    ptrdiff_t offset = EmitCheck(cx, bce, length);
    if (offset < 0)
        return -1;

    jsbytecode *code = bce->code(offset);
    code[0] = jsbytecode(op);
    /* The remaining |extra| bytes are set by the caller */

    /*
     * Don't UpdateDepth if op's use-count comes from the immediate
     * operand yet to be stored in the extra bytes after op.
     */
    if (js_CodeSpec[op].nuses >= 0)
        UpdateDepth(cx, bce, offset);

    return offset;
}

static ptrdiff_t
EmitJump(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, JSOp op, ptrdiff_t off)
{
    ptrdiff_t offset = EmitCheck(cx, bce, 5);
    if (offset < 0)
        return -1;

    jsbytecode *code = bce->code(offset);
    code[0] = jsbytecode(op);
    SET_JUMP_OFFSET(code, off);
    UpdateDepth(cx, bce, offset);
    return offset;
}

/* XXX too many "... statement" L10N gaffes below -- fix via js.msg! */
const char js_with_statement_str[] = "with statement";
const char js_finally_block_str[]  = "finally block";
const char js_script_str[]         = "script";

static const char *statementName[] = {
    "label statement",       /* LABEL */
    "if statement",          /* IF */
    "else statement",        /* ELSE */
    "destructuring body",    /* BODY */
    "switch statement",      /* SWITCH */
    "block",                 /* BLOCK */
    js_with_statement_str,   /* WITH */
    "catch block",           /* CATCH */
    "try block",             /* TRY */
    js_finally_block_str,    /* FINALLY */
    js_finally_block_str,    /* SUBROUTINE */
    "do loop",               /* DO_LOOP */
    "for loop",              /* FOR_LOOP */
    "for/in loop",           /* FOR_IN_LOOP */
    "while loop",            /* WHILE_LOOP */
};

JS_STATIC_ASSERT(JS_ARRAY_LENGTH(statementName) == STMT_LIMIT);

static const char *
StatementName(StmtInfoBCE *topStmt)
{
    if (!topStmt)
        return js_script_str;
    return statementName[topStmt->type];
}

static void
ReportStatementTooLarge(JSContext *cx, StmtInfoBCE *topStmt)
{
    JS_ReportErrorNumber(cx, js_GetErrorMessage, NULL, JSMSG_NEED_DIET,
                         StatementName(topStmt));
}

/*
 * Emit a backpatch op with offset pointing to the previous jump of this type,
 * so that we can walk back up the chain fixing up the op and jump offset.
 */
static ptrdiff_t
EmitBackPatchOp(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ptrdiff_t *lastp)
{
    ptrdiff_t offset, delta;

    offset = bce->offset();
    delta = offset - *lastp;
    *lastp = offset;
    JS_ASSERT(delta > 0);
    return EmitJump(cx, bce, JSOP_BACKPATCH, delta);
}

/* Updates line number notes, not column notes. */
static inline bool
UpdateLineNumberNotes(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, uint32_t offset)
{
    TokenStream *ts = &bce->parser->tokenStream;
    if (!ts->srcCoords.isOnThisLine(offset, bce->currentLine())) {
        unsigned line = ts->srcCoords.lineNum(offset);
        unsigned delta = line - bce->currentLine();

        /*
         * Encode any change in the current source line number by using
         * either several SRC_NEWLINE notes or just one SRC_SETLINE note,
         * whichever consumes less space.
         *
         * NB: We handle backward line number deltas (possible with for
         * loops where the update part is emitted after the body, but its
         * line number is <= any line number in the body) here by letting
         * unsigned delta_ wrap to a very large number, which triggers a
         * SRC_SETLINE.
         */
        bce->current->currentLine = line;
        bce->current->lastColumn  = 0;
        if (delta >= (unsigned)(2 + ((line > SN_3BYTE_OFFSET_MASK)<<1))) {
            if (NewSrcNote2(cx, bce, SRC_SETLINE, (ptrdiff_t)line) < 0)
                return false;
        } else {
            do {
                if (NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_NEWLINE) < 0)
                    return false;
            } while (--delta != 0);
        }
    }
    return true;
}

/* A function, so that we avoid macro-bloating all the other callsites. */
static bool
UpdateSourceCoordNotes(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, uint32_t offset)
{
    if (!UpdateLineNumberNotes(cx, bce, offset))
        return false;

    uint32_t columnIndex = bce->parser->tokenStream.srcCoords.columnIndex(offset);
    ptrdiff_t colspan = ptrdiff_t(columnIndex) - ptrdiff_t(bce->current->lastColumn);
    if (colspan != 0) {
        if (colspan < 0) {
            colspan += SN_COLSPAN_DOMAIN;
        } else if (colspan >= SN_COLSPAN_DOMAIN / 2) {
            // If the column span is so large that we can't store it, then just
            // discard this information because column information would most
            // likely be useless anyway once the column numbers are ~4000000.
            // This has been known to happen with scripts that have been
            // minimized and put into all one line.
            return true;
        }
        if (NewSrcNote2(cx, bce, SRC_COLSPAN, colspan) < 0)
            return false;
        bce->current->lastColumn = columnIndex;
    }
    return true;
}

static ptrdiff_t
EmitLoopHead(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *nextpn)
{
    if (nextpn) {
        /*
         * Try to give the JSOP_LOOPHEAD the same line number as the next
         * instruction. nextpn is often a block, in which case the next
         * instruction typically comes from the first statement inside.
         */
        JS_ASSERT_IF(nextpn->isKind(PNK_STATEMENTLIST), nextpn->isArity(PN_LIST));
        if (nextpn->isKind(PNK_STATEMENTLIST) && nextpn->pn_head)
            nextpn = nextpn->pn_head;
        if (!UpdateSourceCoordNotes(cx, bce, nextpn->pn_pos.begin))
            return -1;
    }

    return Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_LOOPHEAD);
}

static bool
EmitLoopEntry(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *nextpn)
{
    if (nextpn) {
        /* Update the line number, as for LOOPHEAD. */
        JS_ASSERT_IF(nextpn->isKind(PNK_STATEMENTLIST), nextpn->isArity(PN_LIST));
        if (nextpn->isKind(PNK_STATEMENTLIST) && nextpn->pn_head)
            nextpn = nextpn->pn_head;
        if (!UpdateSourceCoordNotes(cx, bce, nextpn->pn_pos.begin))
            return false;
    }

    /*
     * Calculate loop depth. Note that this value is just a hint, so
     * give up for deeply nested loops.
     */
    uint32_t loopDepth = 0;
    StmtInfoBCE *stmt = bce->topStmt;
    while (stmt) {
        if (stmt->isLoop()) {
            loopDepth++;
            if (loopDepth >= 5)
                break;
        }
        stmt = stmt->down;
    }

    JS_ASSERT(loopDepth > 0);
    return Emit2(cx, bce, JSOP_LOOPENTRY, uint8_t(loopDepth)) >= 0;
}

/*
 * If op is JOF_TYPESET (see the type barriers comment in jsinfer.h), reserve
 * a type set to store its result.
 */
static inline void
CheckTypeSet(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, JSOp op)
{
    if (js_CodeSpec[op].format & JOF_TYPESET) {
        if (bce->typesetCount < UINT16_MAX)
            bce->typesetCount++;
    }
}

/*
 * Macro to emit a bytecode followed by a uint16_t immediate operand stored in
 * big-endian order, used for arg and var numbers as well as for atomIndexes.
 * NB: We use cx and bce from our caller's lexical environment, and return
 * false on error.
 */
#define EMIT_UINT16_IMM_OP(op, i)                                             \
    JS_BEGIN_MACRO                                                            \
        if (Emit3(cx, bce, op, UINT16_HI(i), UINT16_LO(i)) < 0)               \
            return false;                                                     \
        CheckTypeSet(cx, bce, op);                                            \
    JS_END_MACRO

#define EMIT_UINT16PAIR_IMM_OP(op, i, j)                                      \
    JS_BEGIN_MACRO                                                            \
        ptrdiff_t off_ = EmitN(cx, bce, op, 2 * UINT16_LEN);                  \
        if (off_ < 0)                                                         \
            return false;                                                     \
        jsbytecode *pc_ = bce->code(off_);                                    \
        SET_UINT16(pc_, i);                                                   \
        pc_ += UINT16_LEN;                                                    \
        SET_UINT16(pc_, j);                                                   \
    JS_END_MACRO

#define EMIT_UINT16_IN_PLACE(offset, op, i)                                   \
    JS_BEGIN_MACRO                                                            \
        bce->code(offset)[0] = op;                                            \
        bce->code(offset)[1] = UINT16_HI(i);                                  \
        bce->code(offset)[2] = UINT16_LO(i);                                  \
    JS_END_MACRO

#define EMIT_UINT32_IN_PLACE(offset, op, i)                                   \
    JS_BEGIN_MACRO                                                            \
        bce->code(offset)[0] = op;                                            \
        bce->code(offset)[1] = jsbytecode(i >> 24);                           \
        bce->code(offset)[2] = jsbytecode(i >> 16);                           \
        bce->code(offset)[3] = jsbytecode(i >> 8);                            \
        bce->code(offset)[4] = jsbytecode(i);                                 \
    JS_END_MACRO

static bool
FlushPops(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, int *npops)
{
    JS_ASSERT(*npops != 0);
    if (NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_HIDDEN) < 0)
        return false;
    EMIT_UINT16_IMM_OP(JSOP_POPN, *npops);
    *npops = 0;
    return true;
}

static bool
PopIterator(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    if (NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_HIDDEN) < 0)
        return false;
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_ENDITER) < 0)
        return false;
    return true;
}

/*
 * Emit additional bytecode(s) for non-local jumps.
 */
static bool
EmitNonLocalJumpFixup(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, StmtInfoBCE *toStmt)
{
    /*
     * The non-local jump fixup we emit will unbalance bce->stackDepth, because
     * the fixup replicates balanced code such as JSOP_LEAVEWITH emitted at the
     * end of a with statement, so we save bce->stackDepth here and restore it
     * just before a successful return.
     */
    int depth = bce->stackDepth;
    int npops = 0;

#define FLUSH_POPS() if (npops && !FlushPops(cx, bce, &npops)) return false

    for (StmtInfoBCE *stmt = bce->topStmt; stmt != toStmt; stmt = stmt->down) {
        switch (stmt->type) {
          case STMT_FINALLY:
            FLUSH_POPS();
            if (NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_HIDDEN) < 0)
                return false;
            if (EmitBackPatchOp(cx, bce, &stmt->gosubs()) < 0)
                return false;
            break;

          case STMT_WITH:
            /* There's a With object on the stack that we need to pop. */
            FLUSH_POPS();
            if (NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_HIDDEN) < 0)
                return false;
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_LEAVEWITH) < 0)
                return false;
            break;

          case STMT_FOR_IN_LOOP:
            FLUSH_POPS();
            if (!PopIterator(cx, bce))
                return false;
            break;

          case STMT_SUBROUTINE:
            /*
             * There's a [exception or hole, retsub pc-index] pair on the
             * stack that we need to pop.
             */
            npops += 2;
            break;

          default:;
        }

        if (stmt->isBlockScope) {
            FLUSH_POPS();
            unsigned blockObjCount = stmt->blockObj->slotCount();
            if (stmt->isForLetBlock) {
                /*
                 * For a for-let-in statement, pushing/popping the block is
                 * interleaved with JSOP_(END)ITER. Just handle both together
                 * here and skip over the enclosing STMT_FOR_IN_LOOP.
                 */
                JS_ASSERT(stmt->down->type == STMT_FOR_IN_LOOP);
                stmt = stmt->down;
                if (stmt == toStmt)
                    break;
                if (NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_HIDDEN) < 0)
                    return false;
                if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_LEAVEFORLETIN) < 0)
                    return false;
                if (!PopIterator(cx, bce))
                    return false;
                if (NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_HIDDEN) < 0)
                    return false;
                EMIT_UINT16_IMM_OP(JSOP_POPN, blockObjCount);
            } else {
                /* There is a Block object with locals on the stack to pop. */
                if (NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_HIDDEN) < 0)
                    return false;
                EMIT_UINT16_IMM_OP(JSOP_LEAVEBLOCK, blockObjCount);
            }
        }
    }

    FLUSH_POPS();
    bce->stackDepth = depth;
    return true;

#undef FLUSH_POPS
}

static const jsatomid INVALID_ATOMID = -1;

static ptrdiff_t
EmitGoto(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, StmtInfoBCE *toStmt, ptrdiff_t *lastp,
         SrcNoteType noteType = SRC_NULL)
{
    if (!EmitNonLocalJumpFixup(cx, bce, toStmt))
        return -1;

    if (noteType != SRC_NULL) {
        if (NewSrcNote(cx, bce, noteType) < 0)
            return -1;
    }

    return EmitBackPatchOp(cx, bce, lastp);
}

static bool
BackPatch(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ptrdiff_t last, jsbytecode *target, jsbytecode op)
{
    jsbytecode *pc, *stop;
    ptrdiff_t delta, span;

    pc = bce->code(last);
    stop = bce->code(-1);
    while (pc != stop) {
        delta = GET_JUMP_OFFSET(pc);
        span = target - pc;
        SET_JUMP_OFFSET(pc, span);
        *pc = op;
        pc -= delta;
    }
    return true;
}

#define SET_STATEMENT_TOP(stmt, top)                                          \
    ((stmt)->update = (top), (stmt)->breaks = (stmt)->continues = (-1))

static void
PushStatementBCE(BytecodeEmitter *bce, StmtInfoBCE *stmt, StmtType type, ptrdiff_t top)
{
    SET_STATEMENT_TOP(stmt, top);
    PushStatement(bce, stmt, type);
}

/*
 * Return the enclosing lexical scope, which is the innermost enclosing static
 * block object or compiler created function.
 */
static JSObject *
EnclosingStaticScope(BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    if (bce->blockChain)
        return bce->blockChain;

    if (!bce->sc->isFunctionBox()) {
        JS_ASSERT(!bce->parent);
        return NULL;
    }

    return bce->sc->asFunctionBox()->function();
}

// Push a block scope statement and link blockObj into bce->blockChain.
static void
PushBlockScopeBCE(BytecodeEmitter *bce, StmtInfoBCE *stmt, StaticBlockObject &blockObj,
                  ptrdiff_t top)
{
    PushStatementBCE(bce, stmt, STMT_BLOCK, top);
    blockObj.initEnclosingStaticScope(EnclosingStaticScope(bce));
    FinishPushBlockScope(bce, stmt, blockObj);
}

// Patches |breaks| and |continues| unless the top statement info record
// represents a try-catch-finally suite. May fail if a jump offset overflows.
static bool
PopStatementBCE(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    StmtInfoBCE *stmt = bce->topStmt;
    if (!stmt->isTrying() &&
        (!BackPatch(cx, bce, stmt->breaks, bce->code().end(), JSOP_GOTO) ||
         !BackPatch(cx, bce, stmt->continues, bce->code(stmt->update), JSOP_GOTO)))
    {
        return false;
    }
    FinishPopStatement(bce);
    return true;
}

static bool
EmitIndex32(JSContext *cx, JSOp op, uint32_t index, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    const size_t len = 1 + UINT32_INDEX_LEN;
    JS_ASSERT(len == size_t(js_CodeSpec[op].length));
    ptrdiff_t offset = EmitCheck(cx, bce, len);
    if (offset < 0)
        return false;

    jsbytecode *code = bce->code(offset);
    code[0] = jsbytecode(op);
    SET_UINT32_INDEX(code, index);
    UpdateDepth(cx, bce, offset);
    CheckTypeSet(cx, bce, op);
    return true;
}

static bool
EmitIndexOp(JSContext *cx, JSOp op, uint32_t index, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    const size_t len = js_CodeSpec[op].length;
    JS_ASSERT(len >= 1 + UINT32_INDEX_LEN);
    ptrdiff_t offset = EmitCheck(cx, bce, len);
    if (offset < 0)
        return false;

    jsbytecode *code = bce->code(offset);
    code[0] = jsbytecode(op);
    SET_UINT32_INDEX(code, index);
    UpdateDepth(cx, bce, offset);
    CheckTypeSet(cx, bce, op);
    return true;
}

static bool
EmitAtomOp(JSContext *cx, JSAtom *atom, JSOp op, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    JS_ASSERT(JOF_OPTYPE(op) == JOF_ATOM);

    if (op == JSOP_GETPROP && atom == cx->names().length) {
        /* Specialize length accesses for the interpreter. */
        op = JSOP_LENGTH;
    }

    jsatomid index;
    if (!bce->makeAtomIndex(atom, &index))
        return false;

    return EmitIndexOp(cx, op, index, bce);
}

static bool
EmitAtomOp(JSContext *cx, ParseNode *pn, JSOp op, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    JS_ASSERT(pn->pn_atom != NULL);
    return EmitAtomOp(cx, pn->pn_atom, op, bce);
}

static bool
EmitObjectOp(JSContext *cx, ObjectBox *objbox, JSOp op, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    JS_ASSERT(JOF_OPTYPE(op) == JOF_OBJECT);
    return EmitIndex32(cx, op, bce->objectList.add(objbox), bce);
}

static bool
EmitRegExp(JSContext *cx, uint32_t index, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    return EmitIndex32(cx, JSOP_REGEXP, index, bce);
}

/*
 * To catch accidental misuse, EMIT_UINT16_IMM_OP/Emit3 assert that they are
 * not used to unconditionally emit JSOP_GETLOCAL. Variable access should
 * instead be emitted using EmitVarOp. In special cases, when the caller
 * definitely knows that a given local slot is unaliased, this function may be
 * used as a non-asserting version of EMIT_UINT16_IMM_OP.
 */
static bool
EmitUnaliasedVarOp(JSContext *cx, JSOp op, uint16_t slot, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    JS_ASSERT(JOF_OPTYPE(op) != JOF_SCOPECOORD);
    ptrdiff_t off = EmitN(cx, bce, op, sizeof(uint16_t));
    if (off < 0)
        return false;
    SET_UINT16(bce->code(off), slot);
    return true;
}

static bool
EmitAliasedVarOp(JSContext *cx, JSOp op, ScopeCoordinate sc, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    JS_ASSERT(JOF_OPTYPE(op) == JOF_SCOPECOORD);

    uint32_t maybeBlockIndex = UINT32_MAX;
    if (bce->blockChain)
        maybeBlockIndex = bce->objectList.indexOf(bce->blockChain);

    unsigned n = 2 * sizeof(uint16_t) + sizeof(uint32_t);
    JS_ASSERT(int(n) + 1 /* op */ == js_CodeSpec[op].length);

    ptrdiff_t off = EmitN(cx, bce, op, n);
    if (off < 0)
        return false;

    jsbytecode *pc = bce->code(off);
    SET_UINT16(pc, sc.hops);
    pc += sizeof(uint16_t);
    SET_UINT16(pc, sc.slot);
    pc += sizeof(uint16_t);
    SET_UINT32_INDEX(pc, maybeBlockIndex);
    CheckTypeSet(cx, bce, op);
    return true;
}

static unsigned
ClonedBlockDepth(BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    unsigned clonedBlockDepth = 0;
    for (StaticBlockObject *b = bce->blockChain; b; b = b->enclosingBlock()) {
        if (b->needsClone())
            ++clonedBlockDepth;
    }

    return clonedBlockDepth;
}

static bool
LookupAliasedName(HandleScript script, PropertyName *name, uint16_t *pslot)
{
    /*
     * Beware: BindingIter may contain more than one Binding for a given name
     * (in the case of |function f(x,x) {}|) but only one will be aliased.
     */
    unsigned slot = CallObject::RESERVED_SLOTS;
    for (BindingIter bi(script); !bi.done(); bi++) {
        if (bi->aliased()) {
            if (bi->name() == name) {
                *pslot = slot;
                return true;
            }
            slot++;
        }
    }
    return false;
}

static bool
EmitAliasedVarOp(JSContext *cx, JSOp op, ParseNode *pn, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    unsigned skippedScopes = 0;
    BytecodeEmitter *bceOfDef = bce;
    if (pn->isUsed()) {
        /*
         * As explained in BindNameToSlot, the 'level' of a use indicates how
         * many function scopes (i.e., BytecodeEmitters) to skip to find the
         * enclosing function scope of the definition being accessed.
         */
        for (unsigned i = pn->pn_cookie.level(); i; i--) {
            skippedScopes += ClonedBlockDepth(bceOfDef);
            JSFunction *funOfDef = bceOfDef->sc->asFunctionBox()->function();
            if (funOfDef->isHeavyweight()) {
                skippedScopes++;
                if (funOfDef->isNamedLambda())
                    skippedScopes++;
            }
            bceOfDef = bceOfDef->parent;
        }
    } else {
        JS_ASSERT(pn->isDefn());
        JS_ASSERT(pn->pn_cookie.level() == bce->script->staticLevel);
    }

    ScopeCoordinate sc;
    if (IsArgOp(pn->getOp())) {
        sc.hops = skippedScopes + ClonedBlockDepth(bceOfDef);
        JS_ALWAYS_TRUE(LookupAliasedName(bceOfDef->script, pn->name(), &sc.slot));
    } else {
        JS_ASSERT(IsLocalOp(pn->getOp()) || pn->isKind(PNK_FUNCTION));
        unsigned local = pn->pn_cookie.slot();
        if (local < bceOfDef->script->bindings.numVars()) {
            sc.hops = skippedScopes + ClonedBlockDepth(bceOfDef);
            JS_ALWAYS_TRUE(LookupAliasedName(bceOfDef->script, pn->name(), &sc.slot));
        } else {
            unsigned depth = local - bceOfDef->script->bindings.numVars();
            StaticBlockObject *b = bceOfDef->blockChain;
            while (!b->containsVarAtDepth(depth)) {
                if (b->needsClone())
                    skippedScopes++;
                b = b->enclosingBlock();
            }
            sc.hops = skippedScopes;
            sc.slot = b->localIndexToSlot(bceOfDef->script->bindings, local);
        }
    }

    return EmitAliasedVarOp(cx, op, sc, bce);
}

static bool
EmitVarOp(JSContext *cx, ParseNode *pn, JSOp op, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isKind(PNK_FUNCTION) || pn->isKind(PNK_NAME));
    JS_ASSERT(!pn->pn_cookie.isFree());

    if (IsAliasedVarOp(op)) {
        ScopeCoordinate sc;
        sc.hops = pn->pn_cookie.level();
        sc.slot = pn->pn_cookie.slot();
        return EmitAliasedVarOp(cx, op, sc, bce);
    }

    JS_ASSERT_IF(pn->isKind(PNK_NAME), IsArgOp(op) || IsLocalOp(op));

    if (!bce->isAliasedName(pn)) {
        JS_ASSERT(pn->isUsed() || pn->isDefn());
        JS_ASSERT_IF(pn->isUsed(), pn->pn_cookie.level() == 0);
        JS_ASSERT_IF(pn->isDefn(), pn->pn_cookie.level() == bce->script->staticLevel);
        return EmitUnaliasedVarOp(cx, op, pn->pn_cookie.slot(), bce);
    }

    switch (op) {
      case JSOP_GETARG: case JSOP_GETLOCAL: op = JSOP_GETALIASEDVAR; break;
      case JSOP_SETARG: case JSOP_SETLOCAL: op = JSOP_SETALIASEDVAR; break;
      case JSOP_CALLARG: case JSOP_CALLLOCAL: op = JSOP_CALLALIASEDVAR; break;
      default: JS_NOT_REACHED("unexpected var op");
    }

    return EmitAliasedVarOp(cx, op, pn, bce);
}

static JSOp
GetIncDecInfo(ParseNodeKind kind, bool *post)
{
    JS_ASSERT(kind == PNK_POSTINCREMENT || kind == PNK_PREINCREMENT ||
              kind == PNK_POSTDECREMENT || kind == PNK_PREDECREMENT);
    *post = kind == PNK_POSTINCREMENT || kind == PNK_POSTDECREMENT;
    return (kind == PNK_POSTINCREMENT || kind == PNK_PREINCREMENT) ? JSOP_ADD : JSOP_SUB;
}

static bool
EmitVarIncDec(JSContext *cx, ParseNode *pn, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    JSOp op = pn->pn_kid->getOp();
    JS_ASSERT(IsArgOp(op) || IsLocalOp(op) || IsAliasedVarOp(op));
    JS_ASSERT(pn->pn_kid->isKind(PNK_NAME));
    JS_ASSERT(!pn->pn_kid->pn_cookie.isFree());

    bool post;
    JSOp binop = GetIncDecInfo(pn->getKind(), &post);

    JSOp getOp, setOp;
    if (IsLocalOp(op)) {
        getOp = JSOP_GETLOCAL;
        setOp = JSOP_SETLOCAL;
    } else if (IsArgOp(op)) {
        getOp = JSOP_GETARG;
        setOp = JSOP_SETARG;
    } else {
        getOp = JSOP_GETALIASEDVAR;
        setOp = JSOP_SETALIASEDVAR;
    }

    if (!EmitVarOp(cx, pn->pn_kid, getOp, bce))              // V
        return false;
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POS) < 0)                        // N
        return false;
    if (post && Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_DUP) < 0)                // N? N
        return false;
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_ONE) < 0)                        // N? N 1
        return false;
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, binop) < 0)                           // N? N+1
        return false;
    if (!EmitVarOp(cx, pn->pn_kid, setOp, bce))              // N? N+1
        return false;
    if (post && Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)                // RESULT
        return false;

    return true;
}

bool
BytecodeEmitter::isAliasedName(ParseNode *pn)
{
    Definition *dn = pn->resolve();
    JS_ASSERT(dn->isDefn());
    JS_ASSERT(!dn->isPlaceholder());
    JS_ASSERT(dn->isBound());

    /* If dn is in an enclosing function, it is definitely aliased. */
    if (dn->pn_cookie.level() != script->staticLevel)
        return true;

    switch (dn->kind()) {
      case Definition::LET:
        /*
         * There are two ways to alias a let variable: nested functions and
         * dynamic scope operations. (This is overly conservative since the
         * bindingsAccessedDynamically flag is function-wide.)
         */
        return dn->isClosed() || sc->bindingsAccessedDynamically();
      case Definition::ARG:
        /*
         * Consult the bindings, since they already record aliasing. We might
         * be tempted to use the same definition as VAR/CONST/LET, but there is
         * a problem caused by duplicate arguments: only the last argument with
         * a given name is aliased. This is necessary to avoid generating a
         * shape for the call object with with more than one name for a given
         * slot (which violates internal engine invariants). All this means that
         * the '|| sc->bindingsAccessedDynamically' disjunct is incorrect since
         * it will mark both parameters in function(x,x) as aliased.
         */
        return script->formalIsAliased(pn->pn_cookie.slot());
      case Definition::VAR:
      case Definition::CONST:
        return script->varIsAliased(pn->pn_cookie.slot());
      case Definition::PLACEHOLDER:
      case Definition::NAMED_LAMBDA:
      case Definition::MISSING:
        JS_NOT_REACHED("unexpected dn->kind");
    }
    return false;
}

/*
 * Adjust the slot for a block local to account for the number of variables
 * that share the same index space with locals. Due to the incremental code
 * generation for top-level script, we do the adjustment via code patching in
 * js::frontend::CompileScript; see comments there.
 *
 * The function returns -1 on failures.
 */
static int
AdjustBlockSlot(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, int slot)
{
    JS_ASSERT((unsigned) slot < bce->maxStackDepth);
    if (bce->sc->isFunctionBox()) {
        slot += bce->script->bindings.numVars();
        if ((unsigned) slot >= SLOTNO_LIMIT) {
            bce->reportError(NULL, JSMSG_TOO_MANY_LOCALS);
            slot = -1;
        }
    }
    return slot;
}

static bool
EmitEnterBlock(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn, JSOp op)
{
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isKind(PNK_LEXICALSCOPE));
    if (!EmitObjectOp(cx, pn->pn_objbox, op, bce))
        return false;

    Rooted<StaticBlockObject*> blockObj(cx, &pn->pn_objbox->object->asStaticBlock());

    int depth = bce->stackDepth -
                (blockObj->slotCount() + ((op == JSOP_ENTERLET1) ? 1 : 0));
    JS_ASSERT(depth >= 0);

    blockObj->setStackDepth(depth);

    int depthPlusFixed = AdjustBlockSlot(cx, bce, depth);
    if (depthPlusFixed < 0)
        return false;

    for (unsigned i = 0; i < blockObj->slotCount(); i++) {
        Definition *dn = blockObj->maybeDefinitionParseNode(i);

        /* Beware the empty destructuring dummy. */
        if (!dn) {
            blockObj->setAliased(i, bce->sc->bindingsAccessedDynamically());
            continue;
        }

        JS_ASSERT(dn->isDefn());
        JS_ASSERT(unsigned(dn->frameSlot() + depthPlusFixed) < JS_BIT(16));
        if (!dn->pn_cookie.set(cx, dn->pn_cookie.level(),
                               uint16_t(dn->frameSlot() + depthPlusFixed)))
            return false;

#ifdef DEBUG
        for (ParseNode *pnu = dn->dn_uses; pnu; pnu = pnu->pn_link) {
            JS_ASSERT(pnu->pn_lexdef == dn);
            JS_ASSERT(!(pnu->pn_dflags & PND_BOUND));
            JS_ASSERT(pnu->pn_cookie.isFree());
        }
#endif

        blockObj->setAliased(i, bce->isAliasedName(dn));
    }

    return true;
}

/*
 * Try to convert a *NAME op with a free name to a more specialized GNAME,
 * INTRINSIC or ALIASEDVAR op, which optimize accesses on that name.
 * Return true if a conversion was made.
 */
static bool
TryConvertFreeName(BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    /*
     * In self-hosting mode, JSOP_*NAME is unconditionally converted to
     * JSOP_*INTRINSIC. This causes lookups to be redirected to the special
     * intrinsics holder in the global object, into which any missing values are
     * cloned lazily upon first access.
     */
    if (bce->emitterMode == BytecodeEmitter::SelfHosting) {
        JSOp op;
        switch (pn->getOp()) {
          case JSOP_NAME:     op = JSOP_GETINTRINSIC; break;
          case JSOP_SETNAME:  op = JSOP_SETINTRINSIC; break;
          /* Other *NAME ops aren't (yet) supported in self-hosted code. */
          default: JS_NOT_REACHED("intrinsic");
        }
        pn->setOp(op);
        return true;
    }

    /*
     * When parsing inner functions lazily, parse nodes for outer functions no
     * longer exist and only the function's scope chain is available for
     * resolving upvar accesses within the inner function.
     */
    if (bce->emitterMode == BytecodeEmitter::LazyFunction) {
        size_t hops = 0;
        FunctionBox *funbox = bce->sc->asFunctionBox();
        if (funbox->hasExtensibleScope())
            return false;
        if (funbox->function()->atom() == pn->pn_atom)
            return false;
        if (funbox->function()->isHeavyweight()) {
            hops++;
            if (funbox->function()->isNamedLambda())
                hops++;
        }
        if (bce->script->directlyInsideEval)
            return false;
        RootedObject outerScope(bce->sc->context, bce->script->enclosingStaticScope());
        for (StaticScopeIter ssi(bce->sc->context, outerScope); !ssi.done(); ssi++) {
            if (ssi.type() != StaticScopeIter::FUNCTION) {
                if (ssi.hasDynamicScopeObject())
                    hops++;
                continue;
            }
            RootedScript script(bce->sc->context, ssi.funScript());
            if (script->function()->atom() == pn->pn_atom)
                return false;
            if (ssi.hasDynamicScopeObject()) {
                uint16_t slot;
                if (LookupAliasedName(script, pn->pn_atom->asPropertyName(), &slot)) {
                    JSOp op;
                    switch (pn->getOp()) {
                      case JSOP_NAME:     op = JSOP_GETALIASEDVAR; break;
                      case JSOP_SETNAME:  op = JSOP_SETALIASEDVAR; break;
                      default: return false;
                    }
                    pn->setOp(op);
                    JS_ALWAYS_TRUE(pn->pn_cookie.set(bce->sc->context, hops, slot));
                    return true;
                }
                hops++;
            }

            if (script->funHasExtensibleScope || script->directlyInsideEval)
                return false;
        }
    }

    /*
     * Try to convert free names in global scope to GNAME opcodes.
     *
     * This conversion is not made if we are in strict mode. In eval code nested
     * within (strict mode) eval code, access to an undeclared "global" might
     * merely be to a binding local to that outer eval:
     *
     *   "use strict";
     *   var x = "global";
     *   eval('var x = "eval"; eval("x");'); // 'eval', not 'global'
     *
     * Outside eval code, access to an undeclared global is a strict mode error:
     *
     *   "use strict";
     *   function foo()
     *   {
     *     undeclared = 17; // throws ReferenceError
     *   }
     *   foo();
     */
    if (bce->script->compileAndGo &&
        bce->hasGlobalScope &&
        !(bce->sc->isFunctionBox() && bce->sc->asFunctionBox()->mightAliasLocals()) &&
        !pn->isDeoptimized() &&
        !(bce->sc->strict && bce->insideEval))
    {
        // If you change anything here, you might also need to change
        // js::ReportIfUndeclaredVarAssignment.
        JSOp op;
        switch (pn->getOp()) {
          case JSOP_NAME:     op = JSOP_GETGNAME; break;
          case JSOP_SETNAME:  op = JSOP_SETGNAME; break;
          case JSOP_SETCONST:
            /* Not supported. */
            return false;
          default: JS_NOT_REACHED("gname");
        }
        pn->setOp(op);
        return true;
    }

    return false;
}

/*
 * BindNameToSlotHelper attempts to optimize name gets and sets to stack slot
 * loads and stores, given the compile-time information in bce and a PNK_NAME
 * node pn.  It returns false on error, true on success.
 *
 * The caller can test pn->pn_cookie.isFree() to tell whether optimization
 * occurred, in which case BindNameToSlotHelper also updated pn->pn_op.  If
 * pn->pn_cookie.isFree() is still true on return, pn->pn_op still may have
 * been optimized, e.g., from JSOP_NAME to JSOP_CALLEE.  Whether or not
 * pn->pn_op was modified, if this function finds an argument or local variable
 * name, PND_CONST will be set in pn_dflags for read-only properties after a
 * successful return.
 *
 * NB: if you add more opcodes specialized from JSOP_NAME, etc., don't forget
 * to update the special cases in EmitFor (for-in) and EmitAssignment (= and
 * op=, e.g. +=).
 */
static bool
BindNameToSlotHelper(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isKind(PNK_NAME));

    JS_ASSERT_IF(pn->isKind(PNK_FUNCTION), pn->isBound());

    /* Don't attempt if 'pn' is already bound or deoptimized or a function. */
    if (pn->isBound() || pn->isDeoptimized())
        return true;

    /* JSOP_CALLEE is pre-bound by definition. */
    JSOp op = pn->getOp();
    JS_ASSERT(op != JSOP_CALLEE);
    JS_ASSERT(JOF_OPTYPE(op) == JOF_ATOM);

    /*
     * The parser already linked name uses to definitions when (where not
     * prevented by non-lexical constructs like 'with' and 'eval').
     */
    Definition *dn;
    if (pn->isUsed()) {
        JS_ASSERT(pn->pn_cookie.isFree());
        dn = pn->pn_lexdef;
        JS_ASSERT(dn->isDefn());
        pn->pn_dflags |= (dn->pn_dflags & PND_CONST);
    } else if (pn->isDefn()) {
        dn = (Definition *) pn;
    } else {
        return true;
    }

    /*
     * Turn attempts to mutate const-declared bindings into get ops (for
     * pre-increment and pre-decrement ops, our caller will have to emit
     * JSOP_POS, JSOP_ONE, and JSOP_ADD as well).
     *
     * Turn JSOP_DELNAME into JSOP_FALSE if dn is known, as all declared
     * bindings visible to the compiler are permanent in JS unless the
     * declaration originates at top level in eval code.
     */
    switch (op) {
      case JSOP_NAME:
      case JSOP_SETCONST:
        break;
      default:
        if (pn->isConst()) {
            if (bce->sc->needStrictChecks()) {
                JSAutoByteString name;
                if (!js_AtomToPrintableString(cx, pn->pn_atom, &name) ||
                    !bce->reportStrictModeError(pn, JSMSG_READ_ONLY, name.ptr()))
                {
                    return false;
                }
            }
            pn->setOp(op = JSOP_NAME);
        }
    }

    if (dn->pn_cookie.isFree()) {
        if (HandleScript caller = bce->evalCaller) {
            JS_ASSERT(bce->script->compileAndGo);

            /*
             * Don't generate upvars on the left side of a for loop. See
             * bug 470758.
             */
            if (bce->emittingForInit)
                return true;

            /*
             * If this is an eval in the global scope, then unbound variables
             * must be globals, so try to use GNAME ops.
             */
            if (!caller->functionOrCallerFunction() && TryConvertFreeName(bce, pn)) {
                pn->pn_dflags |= PND_BOUND;
                return true;
            }

            /*
             * Out of tricks, so we must rely on PICs to optimize named
             * accesses from direct eval called from function code.
             */
            return true;
        }

        /* Optimize accesses to undeclared globals. */
        if (!TryConvertFreeName(bce, pn))
            return true;

        pn->pn_dflags |= PND_BOUND;
        return true;
    }

    /*
     * At this point, we are only dealing with uses that have already been
     * bound to definitions via pn_lexdef. The rest of this routine converts
     * the parse node of the use from its initial JSOP_*NAME* op to a LOCAL/ARG
     * op. This requires setting the node's pn_cookie with a pair (level, slot)
     * where 'level' is the number of function scopes between the use and the
     * def and 'slot' is the index to emit as the immediate of the ARG/LOCAL
     * op. For example, in this code:
     *
     *   function(a,b,x) { return x }
     *   function(y) { function() { return y } }
     *
     * x will get (level = 0, slot = 2) and y will get (level = 1, slot = 0).
     */
    JS_ASSERT(!pn->isDefn());
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isUsed());
    JS_ASSERT(pn->pn_lexdef);
    JS_ASSERT(pn->pn_cookie.isFree());

    /*
     * We are compiling a function body and may be able to optimize name
     * to stack slot. Look for an argument or variable in the function and
     * rewrite pn_op and update pn accordingly.
     */
    switch (dn->kind()) {
      case Definition::ARG:
        switch (op) {
          case JSOP_NAME:     op = JSOP_GETARG; break;
          case JSOP_SETNAME:  op = JSOP_SETARG; break;
          default: JS_NOT_REACHED("arg");
        }
        JS_ASSERT(!pn->isConst());
        break;

      case Definition::VAR:
      case Definition::CONST:
      case Definition::LET:
        switch (op) {
          case JSOP_NAME:     op = JSOP_GETLOCAL; break;
          case JSOP_SETNAME:  op = JSOP_SETLOCAL; break;
          case JSOP_SETCONST: op = JSOP_SETLOCAL; break;
          default: JS_NOT_REACHED("local");
        }
        break;

      case Definition::NAMED_LAMBDA: {
        JS_ASSERT(dn->isOp(JSOP_CALLEE));
        JS_ASSERT(op != JSOP_CALLEE);

        /*
         * Currently, the ALIASEDVAR ops do not support accessing the
         * callee of a DeclEnvObject, so use NAME.
         */
        if (dn->pn_cookie.level() != bce->script->staticLevel)
            return true;

        RootedFunction fun(cx, bce->sc->asFunctionBox()->function());
        JS_ASSERT(fun->isLambda());
        JS_ASSERT(pn->pn_atom == fun->atom());

        /*
         * Leave pn->isOp(JSOP_NAME) if bce->fun is heavyweight to
         * address two cases: a new binding introduced by eval, and
         * assignment to the name in strict mode.
         *
         *   var fun = (function f(s) { eval(s); return f; });
         *   assertEq(fun("var f = 42"), 42);
         *
         * ECMAScript specifies that a function expression's name is bound
         * in a lexical environment distinct from that used to bind its
         * named parameters, the arguments object, and its variables.  The
         * new binding for "var f = 42" shadows the binding for the
         * function itself, so the name of the function will not refer to
         * the function.
         *
         *    (function f() { "use strict"; f = 12; })();
         *
         * Outside strict mode, assignment to a function expression's name
         * has no effect.  But in strict mode, this attempt to mutate an
         * immutable binding must throw a TypeError.  We implement this by
         * not optimizing such assignments and by marking such functions as
         * heavyweight, ensuring that the function name is represented in
         * the scope chain so that assignment will throw a TypeError.
         */
        if (!fun->isHeavyweight()) {
            op = JSOP_CALLEE;
            pn->pn_dflags |= PND_CONST;
        }

        pn->setOp(op);
        pn->pn_dflags |= PND_BOUND;
        return true;
      }

      case Definition::PLACEHOLDER:
        return true;

      case Definition::MISSING:
        JS_NOT_REACHED("missing");
    }

    /*
     * The difference between the current static level and the static level of
     * the definition is the number of function scopes between the current
     * scope and dn's scope.
     */
    unsigned skip = bce->script->staticLevel - dn->pn_cookie.level();
    JS_ASSERT_IF(skip, dn->isClosed());

    /*
     * Explicitly disallow accessing var/let bindings in global scope from
     * nested functions. The reason for this limitation is that, since the
     * global script is not included in the static scope chain (1. because it
     * has no object to stand in the static scope chain, 2. to minimize memory
     * bloat where a single live function keeps its whole global script
     * alive.), ScopeCoordinateToTypeSet is not able to find the var/let's
     * associated types::TypeSet.
     */
    if (skip) {
        BytecodeEmitter *bceSkipped = bce;
        for (unsigned i = 0; i < skip; i++)
            bceSkipped = bceSkipped->parent;
        if (!bceSkipped->sc->isFunctionBox())
            return true;
    }

    JS_ASSERT(!pn->isOp(op));
    pn->setOp(op);
    if (!pn->pn_cookie.set(bce->sc->context, skip, dn->pn_cookie.slot()))
        return false;

    pn->pn_dflags |= PND_BOUND;
    return true;
}

/*
 * Attempts to bind the name, then checks that no dynamic scope lookup ops are
 * emitted in self-hosting mode. NAME ops do lookups off current scope chain,
 * and we do not want to allow self-hosted code to use the dynamic scope.
 */
static bool
BindNameToSlot(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    if (!BindNameToSlotHelper(cx, bce, pn))
        return false;

    if (bce->emitterMode == BytecodeEmitter::SelfHosting && !pn->isBound()) {
        bce->reportError(pn, JSMSG_SELFHOSTED_UNBOUND_NAME);
        return false;
    }

    return true;
}

/*
 * If pn contains a useful expression, return true with *answer set to true.
 * If pn contains a useless expression, return true with *answer set to false.
 * Return false on error.
 *
 * The caller should initialize *answer to false and invoke this function on
 * an expression statement or similar subtree to decide whether the tree could
 * produce code that has any side effects.  For an expression statement, we
 * define useless code as code with no side effects, because the main effect,
 * the value left on the stack after the code executes, will be discarded by a
 * pop bytecode.
 */
static bool
CheckSideEffects(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn, bool *answer)
{
    if (!pn || *answer)
        return true;

    switch (pn->getArity()) {
      case PN_CODE:
        /*
         * A named function, contrary to ES3, is no longer useful, because we
         * bind its name lexically (using JSOP_CALLEE) instead of creating an
         * Object instance and binding a readonly, permanent property in it
         * (the object and binding can be detected and hijacked or captured).
         * This is a bug fix to ES3; it is fixed in ES3.1 drafts.
         */
        MOZ_ASSERT(*answer == false);
        return true;

      case PN_LIST:
        if (pn->isOp(JSOP_NOP) || pn->isOp(JSOP_OR) || pn->isOp(JSOP_AND) ||
            pn->isOp(JSOP_STRICTEQ) || pn->isOp(JSOP_STRICTNE)) {
            /*
             * Non-operators along with ||, &&, ===, and !== never invoke
             * toString or valueOf.
             */
            bool ok = true;
            for (ParseNode *pn2 = pn->pn_head; pn2; pn2 = pn2->pn_next)
                ok &= CheckSideEffects(cx, bce, pn2, answer);
            return ok;
        }

        if (pn->isKind(PNK_GENEXP)) {
            /* Generator-expressions are harmless if the result is ignored. */
            MOZ_ASSERT(*answer == false);
            return true;
        }

        /*
         * All invocation operations (construct: PNK_NEW, call: PNK_CALL)
         * are presumed to be useful, because they may have side effects
         * even if their main effect (their return value) is discarded.
         *
         * PNK_ELEM binary trees of 3+ nodes are flattened into lists to
         * avoid too much recursion. All such lists must be presumed to be
         * useful because each index operation could invoke a getter.
         *
         * Likewise, array and object initialisers may call prototype
         * setters (the __defineSetter__ built-in, and writable __proto__
         * on Array.prototype create this hazard). Initialiser list nodes
         * have JSOP_NEWINIT in their pn_op.
         */
        *answer = true;
        return true;

      case PN_TERNARY:
        return CheckSideEffects(cx, bce, pn->pn_kid1, answer) &&
               CheckSideEffects(cx, bce, pn->pn_kid2, answer) &&
               CheckSideEffects(cx, bce, pn->pn_kid3, answer);

      case PN_BINARY:
        if (pn->isAssignment()) {
            /*
             * Assignment is presumed to be useful, even if the next operation
             * is another assignment overwriting this one's ostensible effect,
             * because the left operand may be a property with a setter that
             * has side effects.
             *
             * The only exception is assignment of a useless value to a const
             * declared in the function currently being compiled.
             */
            ParseNode *pn2 = pn->pn_left;
            if (!pn2->isKind(PNK_NAME)) {
                *answer = true;
            } else {
                if (!BindNameToSlot(cx, bce, pn2))
                    return false;
                if (!CheckSideEffects(cx, bce, pn->pn_right, answer))
                    return false;
                if (!*answer && (!pn->isOp(JSOP_NOP) || !pn2->isConst()))
                    *answer = true;
            }
            return true;
        }

        if (pn->isOp(JSOP_OR) || pn->isOp(JSOP_AND) || pn->isOp(JSOP_STRICTEQ) ||
            pn->isOp(JSOP_STRICTNE)) {
            /*
             * ||, &&, ===, and !== do not convert their operands via
             * toString or valueOf method calls.
             */
            return CheckSideEffects(cx, bce, pn->pn_left, answer) &&
                   CheckSideEffects(cx, bce, pn->pn_right, answer);
        }

        /*
         * We can't easily prove that neither operand ever denotes an
         * object with a toString or valueOf method.
         */
        *answer = true;
        return true;

      case PN_UNARY:
        switch (pn->getKind()) {
          case PNK_DELETE:
          {
            ParseNode *pn2 = pn->pn_kid;
            switch (pn2->getKind()) {
              case PNK_NAME:
                if (!BindNameToSlot(cx, bce, pn2))
                    return false;
                if (pn2->isConst()) {
                    MOZ_ASSERT(*answer == false);
                    return true;
                }
                /* FALL THROUGH */
              case PNK_DOT:
              case PNK_CALL:
              case PNK_ELEM:
                /* All these delete addressing modes have effects too. */
                *answer = true;
                return true;
              default:
                return CheckSideEffects(cx, bce, pn2, answer);
            }
            MOZ_NOT_REACHED("We have a returning default case");
            return false;
          }

          case PNK_TYPEOF:
          case PNK_VOID:
          case PNK_NOT:
          case PNK_BITNOT:
            if (pn->isOp(JSOP_NOT)) {
                /* ! does not convert its operand via toString or valueOf. */
                return CheckSideEffects(cx, bce, pn->pn_kid, answer);
            }
            /* FALL THROUGH */

          default:
            /*
             * All of PNK_INC, PNK_DEC, PNK_THROW, and PNK_YIELD have direct
             * effects. Of the remaining unary-arity node types, we can't
             * easily prove that the operand never denotes an object with a
             * toString or valueOf method.
             */
            *answer = true;
            return true;
        }
        MOZ_NOT_REACHED("We have a returning default case");
        return false;

      case PN_NAME:
        /*
         * Take care to avoid trying to bind a label name (labels, both for
         * statements and property values in object initialisers, have pn_op
         * defaulted to JSOP_NOP).
         */
        if (pn->isKind(PNK_NAME) && !pn->isOp(JSOP_NOP)) {
            if (!BindNameToSlot(cx, bce, pn))
                return false;
            if (!pn->isOp(JSOP_CALLEE) && pn->pn_cookie.isFree()) {
                /*
                 * Not a use of an unshadowed named function expression's given
                 * name, so this expression could invoke a getter that has side
                 * effects.
                 */
                *answer = true;
            }
        }
        if (pn->isKind(PNK_DOT)) {
            /* Dotted property references in general can call getters. */
            *answer = true;
        }
        return CheckSideEffects(cx, bce, pn->maybeExpr(), answer);

      case PN_NULLARY:
        if (pn->isKind(PNK_DEBUGGER))
            *answer = true;
        return true;
    }
    return true;
}

bool
BytecodeEmitter::isInLoop()
{
    for (StmtInfoBCE *stmt = topStmt; stmt; stmt = stmt->down) {
        if (stmt->isLoop())
            return true;
    }
    return false;
}

bool
BytecodeEmitter::checkSingletonContext()
{
    if (!script->compileAndGo || sc->isFunctionBox() || isInLoop())
        return false;
    hasSingletons = true;
    return true;
}

bool
BytecodeEmitter::needsImplicitThis()
{
    if (!script->compileAndGo)
        return true;

    if (sc->isModuleBox()) {
        /* Modules can never occur inside a with-statement */
        return false;
    } if (sc->isFunctionBox()) {
        if (sc->asFunctionBox()->inWith)
            return true;
    } else {
        JSObject *scope = sc->asGlobalSharedContext()->scopeChain();
        while (scope) {
            if (scope->isWith())
                return true;
            scope = scope->enclosingScope();
        }
    }

    for (StmtInfoBCE *stmt = topStmt; stmt; stmt = stmt->down) {
        if (stmt->type == STMT_WITH)
            return true;
    }
    return false;
}

void
BytecodeEmitter::tellDebuggerAboutCompiledScript(JSContext *cx)
{
    RootedFunction function(cx, script->function());
    CallNewScriptHook(cx, script, function);
    if (!parent) {
        GlobalObject *compileAndGoGlobal = NULL;
        if (script->compileAndGo)
            compileAndGoGlobal = &script->global();
        Debugger::onNewScript(cx, script, compileAndGoGlobal);
    }
}

bool
BytecodeEmitter::reportError(ParseNode *pn, unsigned errorNumber, ...)
{
    TokenPos pos = pn ? pn->pn_pos : tokenStream()->currentToken().pos;

    va_list args;
    va_start(args, errorNumber);
    bool result = tokenStream()->reportCompileErrorNumberVA(pos.begin, JSREPORT_ERROR,
                                                            errorNumber, args);
    va_end(args);
    return result;
}

bool
BytecodeEmitter::reportStrictWarning(ParseNode *pn, unsigned errorNumber, ...)
{
    TokenPos pos = pn ? pn->pn_pos : tokenStream()->currentToken().pos;

    va_list args;
    va_start(args, errorNumber);
    bool result = tokenStream()->reportStrictWarningErrorNumberVA(pos.begin, errorNumber, args);
    va_end(args);
    return result;
}

bool
BytecodeEmitter::reportStrictModeError(ParseNode *pn, unsigned errorNumber, ...)
{
    TokenPos pos = pn ? pn->pn_pos : tokenStream()->currentToken().pos;

    va_list args;
    va_start(args, errorNumber);
    bool result = tokenStream()->reportStrictModeErrorNumberVA(pos.begin, sc->strict,
                                                               errorNumber, args);
    va_end(args);
    return result;
}

static bool
EmitNameOp(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn, bool callContext)
{
    JSOp op;

    if (!BindNameToSlot(cx, bce, pn))
        return false;
    op = pn->getOp();

    if (callContext) {
        switch (op) {
          case JSOP_NAME:
            op = JSOP_CALLNAME;
            break;
          case JSOP_GETINTRINSIC:
            op = JSOP_CALLINTRINSIC;
            break;
          case JSOP_GETGNAME:
            op = JSOP_CALLGNAME;
            break;
          case JSOP_GETARG:
            op = JSOP_CALLARG;
            break;
          case JSOP_GETLOCAL:
            op = JSOP_CALLLOCAL;
            break;
          case JSOP_GETALIASEDVAR:
            op = JSOP_CALLALIASEDVAR;
            break;
          default:
            JS_ASSERT(op == JSOP_CALLEE);
            break;
        }
    }

    if (op == JSOP_CALLEE) {
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, op) < 0)
            return false;
    } else {
        if (!pn->pn_cookie.isFree()) {
            JS_ASSERT(JOF_OPTYPE(op) != JOF_ATOM);
            if (!EmitVarOp(cx, pn, op, bce))
                return false;
        } else {
            if (!EmitAtomOp(cx, pn, op, bce))
                return false;
        }
    }

    /* Need to provide |this| value for call */
    if (callContext) {
        if (op == JSOP_CALLNAME && bce->needsImplicitThis()) {
            if (!EmitAtomOp(cx, pn, JSOP_IMPLICITTHIS, bce))
                return false;
        } else {
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_UNDEFINED) < 0)
                return false;
        }
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_NOTEARG) < 0)
            return false;
    }

    return true;
}

static inline bool
EmitElemOpBase(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, JSOp op)
{
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, op) < 0)
        return false;
    CheckTypeSet(cx, bce, op);

    if (op == JSOP_CALLELEM) {
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_SWAP) < 0)
            return false;
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_NOTEARG) < 0)
            return false;
    }
    return true;
}

static bool
EmitPropLHS(JSContext *cx, ParseNode *pn, JSOp *op, BytecodeEmitter *bce, bool callContext)
{
    ParseNode *pn2 = pn->maybeExpr();

    if (callContext) {
        JS_ASSERT(pn->isKind(PNK_DOT));
        JS_ASSERT(*op == JSOP_GETPROP);
        *op = JSOP_CALLPROP;
    } else if (*op == JSOP_GETPROP && pn->isKind(PNK_DOT)) {
        if (pn2->isKind(PNK_NAME)) {
            if (!BindNameToSlot(cx, bce, pn2))
                return false;
        }
    }

    /*
     * If the object operand is also a dotted property reference, reverse the
     * list linked via pn_expr temporarily so we can iterate over it from the
     * bottom up (reversing again as we go), to avoid excessive recursion.
     */
    if (pn2->isKind(PNK_DOT)) {
        ParseNode *pndot = pn2;
        ParseNode *pnup = NULL, *pndown;
        ptrdiff_t top = bce->offset();
        for (;;) {
            /* Reverse pndot->pn_expr to point up, not down. */
            pndot->pn_offset = top;
            JS_ASSERT(!pndot->isUsed());
            pndown = pndot->pn_expr;
            pndot->pn_expr = pnup;
            if (!pndown->isKind(PNK_DOT))
                break;
            pnup = pndot;
            pndot = pndown;
        }

        /* pndown is a primary expression, not a dotted property reference. */
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pndown))
            return false;

        do {
            /* Walk back up the list, emitting annotated name ops. */
            if (!EmitAtomOp(cx, pndot, pndot->getOp(), bce))
                return false;

            /* Reverse the pn_expr link again. */
            pnup = pndot->pn_expr;
            pndot->pn_expr = pndown;
            pndown = pndot;
        } while ((pndot = pnup) != NULL);
    } else {
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn2))
            return false;
    }
    return true;
}

static bool
EmitPropOp(JSContext *cx, ParseNode *pn, JSOp requested, BytecodeEmitter *bce, bool callContext)
{
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isArity(PN_NAME));

    JSOp op = requested;
    if (!EmitPropLHS(cx, pn, &op, bce, callContext))
        return false;

    if (op == JSOP_CALLPROP && Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_DUP) < 0)
        return false;

    if (!EmitAtomOp(cx, pn, op, bce))
        return false;

    if (op == JSOP_CALLPROP && Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_SWAP) < 0)
        return false;

    if (op == JSOP_CALLPROP && Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_NOTEARG) < 0)
        return false;

    return true;
}

static bool
EmitPropIncDec(JSContext *cx, ParseNode *pn, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    JS_ASSERT(pn->pn_kid->getKind() == PNK_DOT);

    bool post;
    JSOp binop = GetIncDecInfo(pn->getKind(), &post);

    JSOp get = JSOP_GETPROP;
    if (!EmitPropLHS(cx, pn->pn_kid, &get, bce, false)) // OBJ
        return false;
    JS_ASSERT(get == JSOP_GETPROP);
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_DUP) < 0)               // OBJ OBJ
        return false;
    if (!EmitAtomOp(cx, pn->pn_kid, JSOP_GETPROP, bce)) // OBJ V
        return false;
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POS) < 0)               // OBJ N
        return false;
    if (post && Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_DUP) < 0)       // OBJ N? N
        return false;
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_ONE) < 0)               // OBJ N? N 1
        return false;
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, binop) < 0)                  // OBJ N? N+1
        return false;

    if (post) {
        if (Emit2(cx, bce, JSOP_PICK, (jsbytecode)2) < 0)   // N? N+1 OBJ
            return false;
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_SWAP) < 0)                  // N? OBJ N+1
            return false;
    }

    if (!EmitAtomOp(cx, pn->pn_kid, JSOP_SETPROP, bce))     // N? N+1
        return false;
    if (post && Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)       // RESULT
        return false;

    return true;
}

static bool
EmitNameIncDec(JSContext *cx, ParseNode *pn, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    const JSCodeSpec *cs = &js_CodeSpec[pn->pn_kid->getOp()];

    bool global = (cs->format & JOF_GNAME);
    bool post;
    JSOp binop = GetIncDecInfo(pn->getKind(), &post);

    if (!EmitAtomOp(cx, pn->pn_kid, global ? JSOP_BINDGNAME : JSOP_BINDNAME, bce))  // OBJ
        return false;
    if (!EmitAtomOp(cx, pn->pn_kid, global ? JSOP_GETGNAME : JSOP_NAME, bce))       // OBJ V
        return false;
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POS) < 0)               // OBJ N
        return false;
    if (post && Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_DUP) < 0)       // OBJ N? N
        return false;
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_ONE) < 0)               // OBJ N? N 1
        return false;
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, binop) < 0)                  // OBJ N? N+1
        return false;

    if (post) {
        if (Emit2(cx, bce, JSOP_PICK, (jsbytecode)2) < 0)   // N? N+1 OBJ
            return false;
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_SWAP) < 0)                  // N? OBJ N+1
            return false;
    }

    if (!EmitAtomOp(cx, pn->pn_kid, global ? JSOP_SETGNAME : JSOP_SETNAME, bce)) // N? N+1
        return false;
    if (post && Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)       // RESULT
        return false;

    return true;
}

static bool
EmitElemOperands(JSContext *cx, ParseNode *pn, JSOp op, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    ParseNode *left, *right;

    if (pn->isArity(PN_NAME)) {
        /*
         * Set left and right so pn appears to be a PNK_ELEM node, instead of
         * a PNK_DOT node. See the PNK_FOR/IN case in EmitTree, and
         * EmitDestructuringOps nearer below. In the destructuring case, the
         * base expression (pn_expr) of the name may be null, which means we
         * have to emit a JSOP_BINDNAME.
         */
        left = pn->maybeExpr();
        if (!left) {
            left = NullaryNode::create(PNK_STRING, &bce->parser->handler);
            if (!left)
                return false;
            left->setOp(JSOP_BINDNAME);
            left->pn_pos = pn->pn_pos;
            left->pn_atom = pn->pn_atom;
        }
        right = NullaryNode::create(PNK_STRING, &bce->parser->handler);
        if (!right)
            return false;
        right->setOp(JSOP_STRING);
        right->pn_pos = pn->pn_pos;
        right->pn_atom = pn->pn_atom;
    } else {
        JS_ASSERT(pn->isArity(PN_BINARY));
        left = pn->pn_left;
        right = pn->pn_right;
    }

    if (op == JSOP_GETELEM && left->isKind(PNK_NAME) && right->isKind(PNK_NUMBER)) {
        if (!BindNameToSlot(cx, bce, left))
            return false;
    }

    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, left))
        return false;

    if (op == JSOP_CALLELEM && Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_DUP) < 0)
        return false;

    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, right))
        return false;

    return true;
}

static bool
EmitElemOp(JSContext *cx, ParseNode *pn, JSOp op, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    return EmitElemOperands(cx, pn, op, bce) && EmitElemOpBase(cx, bce, op);
}

static bool
EmitElemIncDec(JSContext *cx, ParseNode *pn, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    JS_ASSERT(pn->pn_kid->getKind() == PNK_ELEM);

    if (!EmitElemOperands(cx, pn->pn_kid, JSOP_GETELEM, bce))
        return false;

    bool post;
    JSOp binop = GetIncDecInfo(pn->getKind(), &post);

    /*
     * We need to convert the key to an object id first, so that we do not do
     * it inside both the GETELEM and the SETELEM.
     */
                                                    // OBJ KEY*
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_TOID) < 0)              // OBJ KEY
        return false;
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_DUP2) < 0)              // OBJ KEY OBJ KEY
        return false;
    if (!EmitElemOpBase(cx, bce, JSOP_GETELEM))     // OBJ KEY V
        return false;
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POS) < 0)               // OBJ KEY N
        return false;
    if (post && Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_DUP) < 0)       // OBJ KEY N? N
        return false;
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_ONE) < 0)               // OBJ KEY N? N 1
        return false;
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, binop) < 0)                  // OBJ KEY N? N+1
        return false;

    if (post) {
        if (Emit2(cx, bce, JSOP_PICK, (jsbytecode)3) < 0)   // KEY N N+1 OBJ
            return false;
        if (Emit2(cx, bce, JSOP_PICK, (jsbytecode)3) < 0)   // N N+1 OBJ KEY
            return false;
        if (Emit2(cx, bce, JSOP_PICK, (jsbytecode)2) < 0)   // N OBJ KEY N+1
            return false;
    }

    if (!EmitElemOpBase(cx, bce, JSOP_SETELEM))     // N? N+1
        return false;
    if (post && Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)       // RESULT
        return false;

    return true;
}

static bool
EmitNumberOp(JSContext *cx, double dval, BytecodeEmitter *bce)
{
    int32_t ival;
    uint32_t u;
    ptrdiff_t off;
    jsbytecode *pc;

    if (DoubleIsInt32(dval, &ival)) {
        if (ival == 0)
            return Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_ZERO) >= 0;
        if (ival == 1)
            return Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_ONE) >= 0;
        if ((int)(int8_t)ival == ival)
            return Emit2(cx, bce, JSOP_INT8, (jsbytecode)(int8_t)ival) >= 0;

        u = (uint32_t)ival;
        if (u < JS_BIT(16)) {
            EMIT_UINT16_IMM_OP(JSOP_UINT16, u);
        } else if (u < JS_BIT(24)) {
            off = EmitN(cx, bce, JSOP_UINT24, 3);
            if (off < 0)
                return false;
            pc = bce->code(off);
            SET_UINT24(pc, u);
        } else {
            off = EmitN(cx, bce, JSOP_INT32, 4);
            if (off < 0)
                return false;
            pc = bce->code(off);
            SET_INT32(pc, ival);
        }
        return true;
    }

    if (!bce->constList.append(DoubleValue(dval)))
        return false;

    return EmitIndex32(cx, JSOP_DOUBLE, bce->constList.length() - 1, bce);
}

static inline void
SetJumpOffsetAt(BytecodeEmitter *bce, ptrdiff_t off)
{
    SET_JUMP_OFFSET(bce->code(off), bce->offset() - off);
}

/*
 * Using MOZ_NEVER_INLINE in here is a workaround for llvm.org/pr14047.
 * LLVM is deciding to inline this function which uses a lot of stack space
 * into EmitTree which is recursive and uses relatively little stack space.
 */
MOZ_NEVER_INLINE static bool
EmitSwitch(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    JSOp switchOp;
    bool hasDefault;
    ptrdiff_t top, off, defaultOffset;
    ParseNode *pn2, *pn3, *pn4;
    int32_t low, high;
    int noteIndex;
    size_t switchSize;
    jsbytecode *pc;
    StmtInfoBCE stmtInfo(cx);

    /* Try for most optimal, fall back if not dense ints. */
    switchOp = JSOP_TABLESWITCH;
    hasDefault = false;
    defaultOffset = -1;

    pn2 = pn->pn_right;
#if JS_HAS_BLOCK_SCOPE
    /*
     * If there are hoisted let declarations, their stack slots go under the
     * discriminant's value so push their slots now and enter the block later.
     */
    uint32_t blockObjCount = 0;
    if (pn2->isKind(PNK_LEXICALSCOPE)) {
        blockObjCount = pn2->pn_objbox->object->asStaticBlock().slotCount();
        for (uint32_t i = 0; i < blockObjCount; ++i) {
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_UNDEFINED) < 0)
                return false;
        }
    }
#endif

    /* Push the discriminant. */
    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn->pn_left))
        return false;

#if JS_HAS_BLOCK_SCOPE
    if (pn2->isKind(PNK_LEXICALSCOPE)) {
        PushBlockScopeBCE(bce, &stmtInfo, pn2->pn_objbox->object->asStaticBlock(), -1);
        stmtInfo.type = STMT_SWITCH;
        if (!EmitEnterBlock(cx, bce, pn2, JSOP_ENTERLET1))
            return false;
    }
#endif

    /* Switch bytecodes run from here till end of final case. */
    top = bce->offset();
#if !JS_HAS_BLOCK_SCOPE
    PushStatementBCE(bce, &stmtInfo, STMT_SWITCH, top);
#else
    if (pn2->isKind(PNK_STATEMENTLIST)) {
        PushStatementBCE(bce, &stmtInfo, STMT_SWITCH, top);
    } else {
        /*
         * Set the statement info record's idea of top. Reset top too, since
         * repushBlock emits code.
         */
        stmtInfo.update = top = bce->offset();

        /* Advance pn2 to refer to the switch case list. */
        pn2 = pn2->expr();
    }
#endif

    uint32_t caseCount = pn2->pn_count;
    uint32_t tableLength = 0;
    ScopedJSFreePtr<ParseNode*> table(NULL);

    if (caseCount > JS_BIT(16)) {
        JS_ReportErrorNumber(cx, js_GetErrorMessage, NULL,
                             JSMSG_TOO_MANY_CASES);
        return false;
    }

    if (caseCount == 0 ||
        (caseCount == 1 &&
         (hasDefault = (pn2->pn_head->isKind(PNK_DEFAULT))))) {
        caseCount = 0;
        low = 0;
        high = -1;
    } else {
        bool ok = true;
#define INTMAP_LENGTH   256
        jsbitmap intmap_space[INTMAP_LENGTH];
        jsbitmap *intmap = NULL;
        int32_t intmap_bitlen = 0;

        low  = JSVAL_INT_MAX;
        high = JSVAL_INT_MIN;

        for (pn3 = pn2->pn_head; pn3; pn3 = pn3->pn_next) {
            if (pn3->isKind(PNK_DEFAULT)) {
                hasDefault = true;
                caseCount--;    /* one of the "cases" was the default */
                continue;
            }

            JS_ASSERT(pn3->isKind(PNK_CASE));
            if (switchOp == JSOP_CONDSWITCH)
                continue;

            JS_ASSERT(switchOp == JSOP_TABLESWITCH);

            pn4 = pn3->pn_left;

            if (pn4->getKind() != PNK_NUMBER) {
                switchOp = JSOP_CONDSWITCH;
                continue;
            }

            int32_t i;
            if (!DoubleIsInt32(pn4->pn_dval, &i)) {
                switchOp = JSOP_CONDSWITCH;
                continue;
            }

            if ((unsigned)(i + (int)JS_BIT(15)) >= (unsigned)JS_BIT(16)) {
                switchOp = JSOP_CONDSWITCH;
                continue;
            }
            if (i < low)
                low = i;
            if (high < i)
                high = i;

            /*
             * Check for duplicates, which require a JSOP_CONDSWITCH.
             * We bias i by 65536 if it's negative, and hope that's a rare
             * case (because it requires a malloc'd bitmap).
             */
            if (i < 0)
                i += JS_BIT(16);
            if (i >= intmap_bitlen) {
                if (!intmap &&
                    i < (INTMAP_LENGTH << JS_BITS_PER_WORD_LOG2)) {
                    intmap = intmap_space;
                    intmap_bitlen = INTMAP_LENGTH << JS_BITS_PER_WORD_LOG2;
                } else {
                    /* Just grab 8K for the worst-case bitmap. */
                    intmap_bitlen = JS_BIT(16);
                    intmap = cx->pod_malloc<jsbitmap>(JS_BIT(16) >> JS_BITS_PER_WORD_LOG2);
                    if (!intmap) {
                        JS_ReportOutOfMemory(cx);
                        return false;
                    }
                }
                memset(intmap, 0, intmap_bitlen >> JS_BITS_PER_BYTE_LOG2);
            }
            if (JS_TEST_BIT(intmap, i)) {
                switchOp = JSOP_CONDSWITCH;
                continue;
            }
            JS_SET_BIT(intmap, i);
        }

        if (intmap && intmap != intmap_space)
            js_free(intmap);
        if (!ok)
            return false;

        /*
         * Compute table length and select condswitch instead if overlarge or
         * more than half-sparse.
         */
        if (switchOp == JSOP_TABLESWITCH) {
            tableLength = (uint32_t)(high - low + 1);
            if (tableLength >= JS_BIT(16) || tableLength > 2 * caseCount)
                switchOp = JSOP_CONDSWITCH;
        }
    }

    /*
     * The note has one or two offsets: first tells total switch code length;
     * second (if condswitch) tells offset to first JSOP_CASE.
     */
    if (switchOp == JSOP_CONDSWITCH) {
        /* 0 bytes of immediate for unoptimized switch. */
        switchSize = 0;
        noteIndex = NewSrcNote3(cx, bce, SRC_CONDSWITCH, 0, 0);
    } else {
        JS_ASSERT(switchOp == JSOP_TABLESWITCH);

        /* 3 offsets (len, low, high) before the table, 1 per entry. */
        switchSize = (size_t)(JUMP_OFFSET_LEN * (3 + tableLength));
        noteIndex = NewSrcNote2(cx, bce, SRC_TABLESWITCH, 0);
    }
    if (noteIndex < 0)
        return false;

    /* Emit switchOp followed by switchSize bytes of jump or lookup table. */
    if (EmitN(cx, bce, switchOp, switchSize) < 0)
        return false;

    off = -1;
    if (switchOp == JSOP_CONDSWITCH) {
        int caseNoteIndex = -1;
        bool beforeCases = true;

        /* Emit code for evaluating cases and jumping to case statements. */
        for (pn3 = pn2->pn_head; pn3; pn3 = pn3->pn_next) {
            pn4 = pn3->pn_left;
            if (pn4 && !EmitTree(cx, bce, pn4))
                return false;
            if (caseNoteIndex >= 0) {
                /* off is the previous JSOP_CASE's bytecode offset. */
                if (!SetSrcNoteOffset(cx, bce, (unsigned)caseNoteIndex, 0, bce->offset() - off))
                    return false;
            }
            if (!pn4) {
                JS_ASSERT(pn3->isKind(PNK_DEFAULT));
                continue;
            }
            caseNoteIndex = NewSrcNote2(cx, bce, SRC_NEXTCASE, 0);
            if (caseNoteIndex < 0)
                return false;
            off = EmitJump(cx, bce, JSOP_CASE, 0);
            if (off < 0)
                return false;
            pn3->pn_offset = off;
            if (beforeCases) {
                unsigned noteCount, noteCountDelta;

                /* Switch note's second offset is to first JSOP_CASE. */
                noteCount = bce->notes().length();
                if (!SetSrcNoteOffset(cx, bce, (unsigned)noteIndex, 1, off - top))
                    return false;
                noteCountDelta = bce->notes().length() - noteCount;
                if (noteCountDelta != 0)
                    caseNoteIndex += noteCountDelta;
                beforeCases = false;
            }
        }

        /*
         * If we didn't have an explicit default (which could fall in between
         * cases, preventing us from fusing this SetSrcNoteOffset with the call
         * in the loop above), link the last case to the implicit default for
         * the decompiler.
         */
        if (!hasDefault &&
            caseNoteIndex >= 0 &&
            !SetSrcNoteOffset(cx, bce, (unsigned)caseNoteIndex, 0, bce->offset() - off))
        {
            return false;
        }

        /* Emit default even if no explicit default statement. */
        defaultOffset = EmitJump(cx, bce, JSOP_DEFAULT, 0);
        if (defaultOffset < 0)
            return false;
    } else {
        JS_ASSERT(switchOp == JSOP_TABLESWITCH);
        pc = bce->code(top + JUMP_OFFSET_LEN);

        /* Fill in switch bounds, which we know fit in 16-bit offsets. */
        SET_JUMP_OFFSET(pc, low);
        pc += JUMP_OFFSET_LEN;
        SET_JUMP_OFFSET(pc, high);
        pc += JUMP_OFFSET_LEN;

        /*
         * Use malloc to avoid arena bloat for programs with many switches.
         * ScopedJSFreePtr takes care of freeing it on exit.
         */
        if (tableLength != 0) {
            table = cx->pod_calloc<ParseNode*>(tableLength);
            if (!table)
                return false;
            for (pn3 = pn2->pn_head; pn3; pn3 = pn3->pn_next) {
                if (pn3->isKind(PNK_DEFAULT))
                    continue;

                JS_ASSERT(pn3->isKind(PNK_CASE));

                pn4 = pn3->pn_left;
                JS_ASSERT(pn4->getKind() == PNK_NUMBER);

                int32_t i = int32_t(pn4->pn_dval);
                JS_ASSERT(double(i) == pn4->pn_dval);

                i -= low;
                JS_ASSERT(uint32_t(i) < tableLength);
                table[i] = pn3;
            }
        }
    }

    /* Emit code for each case's statements, copying pn_offset up to pn3. */
    for (pn3 = pn2->pn_head; pn3; pn3 = pn3->pn_next) {
        if (switchOp == JSOP_CONDSWITCH && !pn3->isKind(PNK_DEFAULT))
            SetJumpOffsetAt(bce, pn3->pn_offset);
        pn4 = pn3->pn_right;
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn4))
            return false;
        pn3->pn_offset = pn4->pn_offset;
        if (pn3->isKind(PNK_DEFAULT))
            off = pn3->pn_offset - top;
    }

    if (!hasDefault) {
        /* If no default case, offset for default is to end of switch. */
        off = bce->offset() - top;
    }

    /* We better have set "off" by now. */
    JS_ASSERT(off != -1);

    /* Set the default offset (to end of switch if no default). */
    if (switchOp == JSOP_CONDSWITCH) {
        pc = NULL;
        JS_ASSERT(defaultOffset != -1);
        SET_JUMP_OFFSET(bce->code(defaultOffset), off - (defaultOffset - top));
    } else {
        pc = bce->code(top);
        SET_JUMP_OFFSET(pc, off);
        pc += JUMP_OFFSET_LEN;
    }

    /* Set the SRC_SWITCH note's offset operand to tell end of switch. */
    off = bce->offset() - top;
    if (!SetSrcNoteOffset(cx, bce, (unsigned)noteIndex, 0, off))
        return false;

    if (switchOp == JSOP_TABLESWITCH) {
        /* Skip over the already-initialized switch bounds. */
        pc += 2 * JUMP_OFFSET_LEN;

        /* Fill in the jump table, if there is one. */
        for (uint32_t i = 0; i < tableLength; i++) {
            pn3 = table[i];
            off = pn3 ? pn3->pn_offset - top : 0;
            SET_JUMP_OFFSET(pc, off);
            pc += JUMP_OFFSET_LEN;
        }
    }

    if (!PopStatementBCE(cx, bce))
        return false;

#if JS_HAS_BLOCK_SCOPE
    if (pn->pn_right->isKind(PNK_LEXICALSCOPE))
        EMIT_UINT16_IMM_OP(JSOP_LEAVEBLOCK, blockObjCount);
#endif

    return true;
}

bool
frontend::EmitFunctionScript(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *body)
{
    /*
     * The decompiler has assumptions about what may occur immediately after
     * script->main (e.g., in the case of destructuring params). Thus, put the
     * following ops into the range [script->code, script->main). Note:
     * execution starts from script->code, so this has no semantic effect.
     */

    FunctionBox *funbox = bce->sc->asFunctionBox();
    if (funbox->argumentsHasLocalBinding()) {
        JS_ASSERT(bce->offset() == 0);  /* See JSScript::argumentsBytecode. */
        bce->switchToProlog();
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_ARGUMENTS) < 0)
            return false;
        InternalBindingsHandle bindings(bce->script, &bce->script->bindings);
        unsigned varIndex = Bindings::argumentsVarIndex(cx, bindings);
        if (bce->script->varIsAliased(varIndex)) {
            ScopeCoordinate sc;
            sc.hops = 0;
            JS_ALWAYS_TRUE(LookupAliasedName(bce->script, cx->names().arguments, &sc.slot));
            if (!EmitAliasedVarOp(cx, JSOP_SETALIASEDVAR, sc, bce))
                return false;
        } else {
            if (!EmitUnaliasedVarOp(cx, JSOP_SETLOCAL, varIndex, bce))
                return false;
        }
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
            return false;
        bce->switchToMain();
    }

    if (funbox->isGenerator()) {
        bce->switchToProlog();
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_GENERATOR) < 0)
            return false;
        bce->switchToMain();
    }

    /*
     * Emit a prologue for run-once scripts which will deoptimize JIT code if
     * the script ends up running multiple times via foo.caller related
     * shenanigans.
     */
    bool runOnce = bce->parent &&
        bce->parent->emittingRunOnceLambda &&
        !funbox->argumentsHasLocalBinding() &&
        !funbox->isGenerator();
    if (runOnce) {
        bce->switchToProlog();
        if (!Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_RUNONCE) < 0)
            return false;
        bce->switchToMain();
    }

    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, body))
        return false;

    /*
     * Always end the script with a JSOP_STOP. Some other parts of the codebase
     * depend on this opcode, e.g. js_InternalInterpret.
     */
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_STOP) < 0)
        return false;

    if (!JSScript::fullyInitFromEmitter(cx, bce->script, bce))
        return false;

    /*
     * If this function is only expected to run once, mark the script so that
     * initializers created within it may be given more precise types.
     */
    if (runOnce) {
        bce->script->treatAsRunOnce = true;
        JS_ASSERT(!bce->script->hasRunOnce);
    }

    /* Initialize fun->script() so that the debugger has a valid fun->script(). */
    RootedFunction fun(cx, bce->script->function());
    JS_ASSERT(fun->isInterpreted());
    fun->setScript(bce->script);

    bce->tellDebuggerAboutCompiledScript(cx);

    return true;
}

static bool
MaybeEmitVarDecl(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, JSOp prologOp, ParseNode *pn,
                 jsatomid *result)
{
    jsatomid atomIndex;

    if (!pn->pn_cookie.isFree()) {
        atomIndex = pn->pn_cookie.slot();
    } else {
        if (!bce->makeAtomIndex(pn->pn_atom, &atomIndex))
            return false;
    }

    if (JOF_OPTYPE(pn->getOp()) == JOF_ATOM &&
        (!bce->sc->isFunctionBox() || bce->sc->asFunctionBox()->function()->isHeavyweight()))
    {
        bce->switchToProlog();
        if (!UpdateSourceCoordNotes(cx, bce, pn->pn_pos.begin))
            return false;
        if (!EmitIndexOp(cx, prologOp, atomIndex, bce))
            return false;
        bce->switchToMain();
    }

    if (result)
        *result = atomIndex;
    return true;
}

/*
 * This enum tells EmitVariables and the destructuring functions how emit the
 * given Parser::variables parse tree. In the base case, DefineVars, the caller
 * only wants variables to be defined in the prologue (if necessary). For
 * PushInitialValues, variable initializer expressions are evaluated and left
 * on the stack. For InitializeVars, the initializer expressions values are
 * assigned (to local variables) and popped.
 */
enum VarEmitOption
{
    DefineVars        = 0,
    PushInitialValues = 1,
    InitializeVars    = 2
};

#if JS_HAS_DESTRUCTURING

typedef bool
(*DestructuringDeclEmitter)(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, JSOp prologOp, ParseNode *pn);

static bool
EmitDestructuringDecl(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, JSOp prologOp, ParseNode *pn)
{
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isKind(PNK_NAME));
    if (!BindNameToSlot(cx, bce, pn))
        return false;

    JS_ASSERT(!pn->isOp(JSOP_CALLEE));
    return MaybeEmitVarDecl(cx, bce, prologOp, pn, NULL);
}

static bool
EmitDestructuringDecls(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, JSOp prologOp, ParseNode *pn)
{
    ParseNode *pn2, *pn3;
    DestructuringDeclEmitter emitter;

    if (pn->isKind(PNK_ARRAY)) {
        for (pn2 = pn->pn_head; pn2; pn2 = pn2->pn_next) {
            if (pn2->isKind(PNK_COMMA))
                continue;
            emitter = (pn2->isKind(PNK_NAME))
                      ? EmitDestructuringDecl
                      : EmitDestructuringDecls;
            if (!emitter(cx, bce, prologOp, pn2))
                return false;
        }
    } else {
        JS_ASSERT(pn->isKind(PNK_OBJECT));
        for (pn2 = pn->pn_head; pn2; pn2 = pn2->pn_next) {
            pn3 = pn2->pn_right;
            emitter = pn3->isKind(PNK_NAME) ? EmitDestructuringDecl : EmitDestructuringDecls;
            if (!emitter(cx, bce, prologOp, pn3))
                return false;
        }
    }
    return true;
}

static bool
EmitDestructuringOpsHelper(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn,
                           VarEmitOption emitOption);

/*
 * EmitDestructuringLHS assumes the to-be-destructured value has been pushed on
 * the stack and emits code to destructure a single lhs expression (either a
 * name or a compound []/{} expression).
 *
 * If emitOption is InitializeVars, the to-be-destructured value is assigned to
 * locals and ultimately the initial slot is popped (-1 total depth change).
 *
 * If emitOption is PushInitialValues, the to-be-destructured value is replaced
 * with the initial values of the N (where 0 <= N) variables assigned in the
 * lhs expression. (Same post-condition as EmitDestructuringOpsHelper)
 */
static bool
EmitDestructuringLHS(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn, VarEmitOption emitOption)
{
    JS_ASSERT(emitOption != DefineVars);

    /*
     * Now emit the lvalue opcode sequence.  If the lvalue is a nested
     * destructuring initialiser-form, call ourselves to handle it, then
     * pop the matched value.  Otherwise emit an lvalue bytecode sequence
     * ending with a JSOP_ENUMELEM or equivalent op.
     */
    if (pn->isKind(PNK_ARRAY) || pn->isKind(PNK_OBJECT)) {
        if (!EmitDestructuringOpsHelper(cx, bce, pn, emitOption))
            return false;
        if (emitOption == InitializeVars) {
            /*
             * Per its post-condition, EmitDestructuringOpsHelper has left the
             * to-be-destructured value on top of the stack.
             */
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
                return false;
        }
    } else {
        if (emitOption == PushInitialValues) {
            /*
             * The lhs is a simple name so the to-be-destructured value is
             * its initial value and there is nothing to do.
             */
            JS_ASSERT(pn->getOp() == JSOP_GETLOCAL);
            JS_ASSERT(pn->pn_dflags & PND_BOUND);
            return true;
        }

        /* All paths below must pop after assigning to the lhs. */

        if (pn->isKind(PNK_NAME)) {
            if (!BindNameToSlot(cx, bce, pn))
                return false;

            /* Allow 'const [x,y] = o', make 'const x,y; [x,y] = o' a nop. */
            if (pn->isConst() && !pn->isDefn())
                return Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) >= 0;
        }

        switch (pn->getOp()) {
          case JSOP_SETNAME:
          case JSOP_SETGNAME:
            /*
             * NB: pn is a PN_NAME node, not a PN_BINARY.  Nevertheless,
             * we want to emit JSOP_ENUMELEM, which has format JOF_ELEM.
             * So here and for JSOP_ENUMCONSTELEM, we use EmitElemOp.
             */
            if (!EmitElemOp(cx, pn, JSOP_ENUMELEM, bce))
                return false;
            break;

          case JSOP_SETCONST:
            if (!EmitElemOp(cx, pn, JSOP_ENUMCONSTELEM, bce))
                return false;
            break;

          case JSOP_SETLOCAL:
          case JSOP_SETARG:
            if (!EmitVarOp(cx, pn, pn->getOp(), bce))
                return false;
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
                return false;
            break;

          case JSOP_CALL:
          case JSOP_EVAL:
          case JSOP_FUNCALL:
          case JSOP_FUNAPPLY:
            JS_ASSERT(pn->pn_xflags & PNX_SETCALL);
            if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn))
                return false;

            /*
             * We just emitted JSOP_SETCALL which will always throw.
             * Pop the call return value and the RHS.
             */
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
                return false;
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
                return false;
            break;

          default:
          {
            if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn))
                return false;
            if (!EmitElemOpBase(cx, bce, JSOP_ENUMELEM))
                return false;
            break;
          }

          case JSOP_ENUMELEM:
            JS_ASSERT(0);
        }
    }

    return true;
}

/*
 * Recursive helper for EmitDestructuringOps.
 * EmitDestructuringOpsHelper assumes the to-be-destructured value has been
 * pushed on the stack and emits code to destructure each part of a [] or {}
 * lhs expression.
 *
 * If emitOption is InitializeVars, the initial to-be-destructured value is
 * left untouched on the stack and the overall depth is not changed.
 *
 * If emitOption is PushInitialValues, the to-be-destructured value is replaced
 * with the initial values of the N (where 0 <= N) variables assigned in the
 * lhs expression. (Same post-condition as EmitDestructuringLHS)
 */
static bool
EmitDestructuringOpsHelper(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn,
                           VarEmitOption emitOption)
{
    JS_ASSERT(emitOption != DefineVars);

    unsigned index;
    ParseNode *pn2, *pn3;
    bool doElemOp;

#ifdef DEBUG
    int stackDepth = bce->stackDepth;
    JS_ASSERT(stackDepth != 0);
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isArity(PN_LIST));
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isKind(PNK_ARRAY) || pn->isKind(PNK_OBJECT));
#endif

    if (pn->pn_count == 0) {
        /* Emit a DUP;POP sequence for the decompiler. */
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_DUP) < 0 || Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
            return false;
    }

    index = 0;
    for (pn2 = pn->pn_head; pn2; pn2 = pn2->pn_next) {
        /* Duplicate the value being destructured to use as a reference base. */
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_DUP) < 0)
            return false;

        /*
         * Now push the property name currently being matched, which is either
         * the array initialiser's current index, or the current property name
         * "label" on the left of a colon in the object initialiser.  Set pn3
         * to the lvalue node, which is in the value-initializing position.
         */
        doElemOp = true;
        if (pn->isKind(PNK_ARRAY)) {
            if (!EmitNumberOp(cx, index, bce))
                return false;
            pn3 = pn2;
        } else {
            JS_ASSERT(pn->isKind(PNK_OBJECT));
            JS_ASSERT(pn2->isKind(PNK_COLON));
            pn3 = pn2->pn_left;
            if (pn3->isKind(PNK_NUMBER)) {
                if (!EmitNumberOp(cx, pn3->pn_dval, bce))
                    return false;
            } else {
                JS_ASSERT(pn3->isKind(PNK_STRING) || pn3->isKind(PNK_NAME));
                if (!EmitAtomOp(cx, pn3, JSOP_GETPROP, bce))
                    return false;
                doElemOp = false;
            }
            pn3 = pn2->pn_right;
        }

        if (doElemOp) {
            /*
             * Ok, get the value of the matching property name.  This leaves
             * that value on top of the value being destructured, so the stack
             * is one deeper than when we started.
             */
            if (!EmitElemOpBase(cx, bce, JSOP_GETELEM))
                return false;
            JS_ASSERT(bce->stackDepth >= stackDepth + 1);
        }

        /* Nullary comma node makes a hole in the array destructurer. */
        if (pn3->isKind(PNK_COMMA) && pn3->isArity(PN_NULLARY)) {
            JS_ASSERT(pn->isKind(PNK_ARRAY));
            JS_ASSERT(pn2 == pn3);
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
                return false;
        } else {
            int depthBefore = bce->stackDepth;
            if (!EmitDestructuringLHS(cx, bce, pn3, emitOption))
                return false;

            if (emitOption == PushInitialValues) {
                /*
                 * After '[x,y]' in 'let ([[x,y], z] = o)', the stack is
                 *   | to-be-decompiled-value | x | y |
                 * The goal is:
                 *   | x | y | z |
                 * so emit a pick to produce the intermediate state
                 *   | x | y | to-be-decompiled-value |
                 * before destructuring z. This gives the loop invariant that
                 * the to-be-compiled-value is always on top of the stack.
                 */
                JS_ASSERT((bce->stackDepth - bce->stackDepth) >= -1);
                unsigned pickDistance = (unsigned)((bce->stackDepth + 1) - depthBefore);
                if (pickDistance > 0) {
                    if (pickDistance > UINT8_MAX) {
                        bce->reportError(pn3, JSMSG_TOO_MANY_LOCALS);
                        return false;
                    }
                    if (Emit2(cx, bce, JSOP_PICK, (jsbytecode)pickDistance) < 0)
                        return false;
                }
            }
        }

        ++index;
    }

    if (emitOption == PushInitialValues) {
        /*
         * Per the above loop invariant, to-be-decompiled-value is at the top
         * of the stack. To achieve the post-condition, pop it.
         */
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
            return false;
    }

    return true;
}

static bool
EmitDestructuringOps(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn, bool isLet = false)
{
    /*
     * Call our recursive helper to emit the destructuring assignments and
     * related stack manipulations.
     */
    VarEmitOption emitOption = isLet ? PushInitialValues : InitializeVars;
    return EmitDestructuringOpsHelper(cx, bce, pn, emitOption);
}

static bool
EmitGroupAssignment(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, JSOp prologOp,
                    ParseNode *lhs, ParseNode *rhs)
{
    unsigned depth, limit, i, nslots;
    ParseNode *pn;

    depth = limit = (unsigned) bce->stackDepth;
    for (pn = rhs->pn_head; pn; pn = pn->pn_next) {
        if (limit == JS_BIT(16)) {
            bce->reportError(rhs, JSMSG_ARRAY_INIT_TOO_BIG);
            return false;
        }

        /* MaybeEmitGroupAssignment won't call us if rhs is holey. */
        JS_ASSERT(!(pn->isKind(PNK_COMMA) && pn->isArity(PN_NULLARY)));
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn))
            return false;
        ++limit;
    }

    i = depth;
    for (pn = lhs->pn_head; pn; pn = pn->pn_next, ++i) {
        /* MaybeEmitGroupAssignment requires lhs->pn_count <= rhs->pn_count. */
        JS_ASSERT(i < limit);
        int slot = AdjustBlockSlot(cx, bce, i);
        if (slot < 0)
            return false;

        if (!EmitUnaliasedVarOp(cx, JSOP_GETLOCAL, slot, bce))
            return false;

        if (pn->isKind(PNK_COMMA) && pn->isArity(PN_NULLARY)) {
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
                return false;
        } else {
            if (!EmitDestructuringLHS(cx, bce, pn, InitializeVars))
                return false;
        }
    }

    nslots = limit - depth;
    EMIT_UINT16_IMM_OP(JSOP_POPN, nslots);
    bce->stackDepth = (unsigned) depth;
    return true;
}

enum GroupOption { GroupIsDecl, GroupIsNotDecl };

/*
 * Helper called with pop out param initialized to a JSOP_POP* opcode.  If we
 * can emit a group assignment sequence, which results in 0 stack depth delta,
 * we set *pop to JSOP_NOP so callers can veto emitting pn followed by a pop.
 */
static bool
MaybeEmitGroupAssignment(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, JSOp prologOp, ParseNode *pn,
                         GroupOption groupOption, JSOp *pop)
{
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isKind(PNK_ASSIGN));
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isOp(JSOP_NOP));
    JS_ASSERT(*pop == JSOP_POP || *pop == JSOP_POPV);

    ParseNode *lhs = pn->pn_left;
    ParseNode *rhs = pn->pn_right;
    if (lhs->isKind(PNK_ARRAY) && rhs->isKind(PNK_ARRAY) &&
        !(rhs->pn_xflags & PNX_SPECIALARRAYINIT) &&
        lhs->pn_count <= rhs->pn_count)
    {
        if (groupOption == GroupIsDecl && !EmitDestructuringDecls(cx, bce, prologOp, lhs))
            return false;
        if (!EmitGroupAssignment(cx, bce, prologOp, lhs, rhs))
            return false;
        *pop = JSOP_NOP;
    }
    return true;
}

/*
 * Like MaybeEmitGroupAssignment, but for 'let ([x,y] = [a,b]) ...'.
 *
 * Instead of issuing a sequence |dup|eval-rhs|set-lhs|pop| (which doesn't work
 * since the bound vars don't yet have slots), just eval/push each rhs element
 * just like what EmitLet would do for 'let (x = a, y = b) ...'. While shorter,
 * simpler and more efficient than MaybeEmitGroupAssignment, it is harder to
 * decompile so we restrict the ourselves to cases where the lhs and rhs are in
 * 1:1 correspondence and lhs elements are simple names.
 */
static bool
MaybeEmitLetGroupDecl(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn, JSOp *pop)
{
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isKind(PNK_ASSIGN));
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isOp(JSOP_NOP));
    JS_ASSERT(*pop == JSOP_POP || *pop == JSOP_POPV);

    ParseNode *lhs = pn->pn_left;
    ParseNode *rhs = pn->pn_right;
    if (lhs->isKind(PNK_ARRAY) && rhs->isKind(PNK_ARRAY) &&
        !(rhs->pn_xflags & PNX_SPECIALARRAYINIT) &&
        !(lhs->pn_xflags & PNX_SPECIALARRAYINIT) &&
        lhs->pn_count == rhs->pn_count)
    {
        for (ParseNode *l = lhs->pn_head; l; l = l->pn_next) {
            if (l->getOp() != JSOP_SETLOCAL)
                return true;
        }

        for (ParseNode *r = rhs->pn_head; r; r = r->pn_next) {
            if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, r))
                return false;
        }

        *pop = JSOP_NOP;
    }
    return true;
}

#endif /* JS_HAS_DESTRUCTURING */

static bool
EmitVariables(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn, VarEmitOption emitOption,
              bool isLet = false)
{
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isArity(PN_LIST));
    JS_ASSERT(isLet == (emitOption == PushInitialValues));

    ParseNode *next;
    for (ParseNode *pn2 = pn->pn_head; ; pn2 = next) {
        next = pn2->pn_next;

        ParseNode *pn3;
        if (!pn2->isKind(PNK_NAME)) {
#if JS_HAS_DESTRUCTURING
            if (pn2->isKind(PNK_ARRAY) || pn2->isKind(PNK_OBJECT)) {
                /*
                 * Emit variable binding ops, but not destructuring ops.  The
                 * parser (see Parser::variables) has ensured that our caller
                 * will be the PNK_FOR/PNK_FORIN case in EmitTree, and that
                 * case will emit the destructuring code only after emitting an
                 * enumerating opcode and a branch that tests whether the
                 * enumeration ended.
                 */
                JS_ASSERT(emitOption == DefineVars);
                JS_ASSERT(pn->pn_count == 1);
                if (!EmitDestructuringDecls(cx, bce, pn->getOp(), pn2))
                    return false;
                break;
            }
#endif

            /*
             * A destructuring initialiser assignment preceded by var will
             * never occur to the left of 'in' in a for-in loop.  As with 'for
             * (var x = i in o)...', this will cause the entire 'var [a, b] =
             * i' to be hoisted out of the loop.
             */
            JS_ASSERT(pn2->isKind(PNK_ASSIGN));
            JS_ASSERT(pn2->isOp(JSOP_NOP));
            JS_ASSERT(emitOption != DefineVars);

            /*
             * To allow the front end to rewrite var f = x; as f = x; when a
             * function f(){} precedes the var, detect simple name assignment
             * here and initialize the name.
             */
#if !JS_HAS_DESTRUCTURING
            JS_ASSERT(pn2->pn_left->isKind(PNK_NAME));
#else
            if (pn2->pn_left->isKind(PNK_NAME))
#endif
            {
                pn3 = pn2->pn_right;
                pn2 = pn2->pn_left;
                goto do_name;
            }

#if JS_HAS_DESTRUCTURING
            ptrdiff_t stackDepthBefore = bce->stackDepth;
            JSOp op = JSOP_POP;
            if (pn->pn_count == 1) {
                /*
                 * If this is the only destructuring assignment in the list,
                 * try to optimize to a group assignment.  If we're in a let
                 * head, pass JSOP_POP rather than the pseudo-prolog JSOP_NOP
                 * in pn->pn_op, to suppress a second (and misplaced) 'let'.
                 */
                JS_ASSERT(!pn2->pn_next);
                if (isLet) {
                    if (!MaybeEmitLetGroupDecl(cx, bce, pn2, &op))
                        return false;
                } else {
                    if (!MaybeEmitGroupAssignment(cx, bce, pn->getOp(), pn2, GroupIsDecl, &op))
                        return false;
                }
            }
            if (op == JSOP_NOP) {
                pn->pn_xflags = (pn->pn_xflags & ~PNX_POPVAR) | PNX_GROUPINIT;
            } else {
                pn3 = pn2->pn_left;
                if (!EmitDestructuringDecls(cx, bce, pn->getOp(), pn3))
                    return false;

                if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn2->pn_right))
                    return false;

                if (!EmitDestructuringOps(cx, bce, pn3, isLet))
                    return false;
            }
            ptrdiff_t stackDepthAfter = bce->stackDepth;

            /* Give let ([] = x) a slot (see CheckDestructuring). */
            JS_ASSERT(stackDepthBefore <= stackDepthAfter);
            if (isLet && stackDepthBefore == stackDepthAfter) {
                if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_UNDEFINED) < 0)
                    return false;
            }

            /* If we are not initializing, nothing to pop. */
            if (emitOption != InitializeVars) {
                if (next)
                    continue;
                break;
            }
            goto emit_note_pop;
#endif
        }

        /*
         * Load initializer early to share code above that jumps to do_name.
         * NB: if this var redeclares an existing binding, then pn2 is linked
         * on its definition's use-chain and pn_expr has been overlayed with
         * pn_lexdef.
         */
        pn3 = pn2->maybeExpr();

     do_name:
        if (!BindNameToSlot(cx, bce, pn2))
            return false;


        JSOp op;
        op = pn2->getOp();
        JS_ASSERT(op != JSOP_CALLEE);
        JS_ASSERT(!pn2->pn_cookie.isFree() || !pn->isOp(JSOP_NOP));

        jsatomid atomIndex;
        if (!MaybeEmitVarDecl(cx, bce, pn->getOp(), pn2, &atomIndex))
            return false;

        if (pn3) {
            JS_ASSERT(emitOption != DefineVars);
            if (op == JSOP_SETNAME || op == JSOP_SETGNAME || op == JSOP_SETINTRINSIC) {
                JS_ASSERT(emitOption != PushInitialValues);
                JSOp bindOp;
                if (op == JSOP_SETNAME)
                    bindOp = JSOP_BINDNAME;
                else if (op == JSOP_SETGNAME)
                    bindOp = JSOP_BINDGNAME;
                else
                    bindOp = JSOP_BINDINTRINSIC;
                if (!EmitIndex32(cx, bindOp, atomIndex, bce))
                    return false;
            }

            bool oldEmittingForInit = bce->emittingForInit;
            bce->emittingForInit = false;
            if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn3))
                return false;
            bce->emittingForInit = oldEmittingForInit;
        } else if (isLet) {
            /* JSOP_ENTERLETx expects at least 1 slot to have been pushed. */
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_UNDEFINED) < 0)
                return false;
        }

        /* If we are not initializing, nothing to pop. */
        if (emitOption != InitializeVars) {
            if (next)
                continue;
            break;
        }

        JS_ASSERT_IF(pn2->isDefn(), pn3 == pn2->pn_expr);
        if (!pn2->pn_cookie.isFree()) {
            if (!EmitVarOp(cx, pn2, op, bce))
                return false;
        } else {
            if (!EmitIndexOp(cx, op, atomIndex, bce))
                return false;
        }

#if JS_HAS_DESTRUCTURING
    emit_note_pop:
#endif
        if (!next)
            break;
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
            return false;
    }

    if (pn->pn_xflags & PNX_POPVAR) {
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
            return false;
    }

    return true;
}

static bool
EmitAssignment(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *lhs, JSOp op, ParseNode *rhs)
{
    /*
     * Check left operand type and generate specialized code for it.
     * Specialize to avoid ECMA "reference type" values on the operand
     * stack, which impose pervasive runtime "GetValue" costs.
     */
    jsatomid atomIndex = (jsatomid) -1;
    jsbytecode offset = 1;

    switch (lhs->getKind()) {
      case PNK_NAME:
        if (!BindNameToSlot(cx, bce, lhs))
            return false;
        if (lhs->pn_cookie.isFree()) {
            if (!bce->makeAtomIndex(lhs->pn_atom, &atomIndex))
                return false;
            if (!lhs->isConst()) {
                JSOp bindOp;
                if (lhs->isOp(JSOP_SETNAME))
                    bindOp = JSOP_BINDNAME;
                else if (lhs->isOp(JSOP_SETGNAME))
                    bindOp = JSOP_BINDGNAME;
                else
                    bindOp = JSOP_BINDINTRINSIC;
                if (!EmitIndex32(cx, bindOp, atomIndex, bce))
                    return false;
                offset++;
            }
        }
        break;
      case PNK_DOT:
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, lhs->expr()))
            return false;
        offset++;
        if (!bce->makeAtomIndex(lhs->pn_atom, &atomIndex))
            return false;
        break;
      case PNK_ELEM:
        JS_ASSERT(lhs->isArity(PN_BINARY));
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, lhs->pn_left))
            return false;
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, lhs->pn_right))
            return false;
        offset += 2;
        break;
#if JS_HAS_DESTRUCTURING
      case PNK_ARRAY:
      case PNK_OBJECT:
        break;
#endif
      case PNK_CALL:
        JS_ASSERT(lhs->pn_xflags & PNX_SETCALL);
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, lhs))
            return false;
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
            return false;
        break;
      default:
        JS_ASSERT(0);
    }

    if (op != JSOP_NOP) {
        JS_ASSERT(rhs);
        switch (lhs->getKind()) {
          case PNK_NAME:
            if (lhs->isConst()) {
                if (lhs->isOp(JSOP_CALLEE)) {
                    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_CALLEE) < 0)
                        return false;
                } else if (lhs->isOp(JSOP_NAME) || lhs->isOp(JSOP_GETGNAME)) {
                    if (!EmitIndex32(cx, lhs->getOp(), atomIndex, bce))
                        return false;
                } else {
                    JS_ASSERT(JOF_OPTYPE(lhs->getOp()) != JOF_ATOM);
                    if (!EmitVarOp(cx, lhs, lhs->getOp(), bce))
                        return false;
                }
            } else if (lhs->isOp(JSOP_SETNAME)) {
                if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_DUP) < 0)
                    return false;
                if (!EmitIndex32(cx, JSOP_GETXPROP, atomIndex, bce))
                    return false;
            } else if (lhs->isOp(JSOP_SETGNAME)) {
                JS_ASSERT(lhs->pn_cookie.isFree());
                if (!EmitAtomOp(cx, lhs, JSOP_GETGNAME, bce))
                    return false;
            } else if (lhs->isOp(JSOP_SETINTRINSIC)) {
                JS_ASSERT(lhs->pn_cookie.isFree());
                if (!EmitAtomOp(cx, lhs, JSOP_GETINTRINSIC, bce))
                    return false;
            } else {
                JSOp op;
                switch (lhs->getOp()) {
                  case JSOP_SETARG: op = JSOP_GETARG; break;
                  case JSOP_SETLOCAL: op = JSOP_GETLOCAL; break;
                  case JSOP_SETALIASEDVAR: op = JSOP_GETALIASEDVAR; break;
                  default: JS_NOT_REACHED("Bad op");
                }
                if (!EmitVarOp(cx, lhs, op, bce))
                    return false;
            }
            break;
          case PNK_DOT: {
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_DUP) < 0)
                return false;
            bool isLength = (lhs->pn_atom == cx->names().length);
            if (!EmitIndex32(cx, isLength ? JSOP_LENGTH : JSOP_GETPROP, atomIndex, bce))
                return false;
            break;
          }
          case PNK_ELEM:
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_DUP2) < 0)
                return false;
            if (!EmitElemOpBase(cx, bce, JSOP_GETELEM))
                return false;
            break;
          case PNK_CALL:
            /*
             * We just emitted a JSOP_SETCALL (which will always throw) and
             * popped the call's return value. Push a random value to make sure
             * the stack depth is correct.
             */
            JS_ASSERT(lhs->pn_xflags & PNX_SETCALL);
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_NULL) < 0)
                return false;
            break;
          default:;
        }
    }

    /* Now emit the right operand (it may affect the namespace). */
    if (rhs) {
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, rhs))
            return false;
    } else {
        /*
         * The value to assign is the next enumeration value in a for-in loop.
         * That value is produced by a JSOP_ITERNEXT op, previously emitted.
         * If offset == 1, that slot is already at the top of the
         * stack. Otherwise, rearrange the stack to put that value on top.
         */
        if (offset != 1 && Emit2(cx, bce, JSOP_PICK, offset - 1) < 0)
            return false;
    }

    /* If += etc., emit the binary operator with a decompiler note. */
    if (op != JSOP_NOP) {
        /*
         * Take care to avoid SRC_ASSIGNOP if the left-hand side is a const
         * declared in the current compilation unit, as in this case (just
         * a bit further below) we will avoid emitting the assignment op.
         */
        if (!lhs->isKind(PNK_NAME) || !lhs->isConst()) {
            if (NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_ASSIGNOP) < 0)
                return false;
        }
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, op) < 0)
            return false;
    }

    /* Finally, emit the specialized assignment bytecode. */
    switch (lhs->getKind()) {
      case PNK_NAME:
        if (lhs->isConst()) {
            if (!rhs) {
                bce->reportError(lhs, JSMSG_BAD_FOR_LEFTSIDE);
                return false;
            }
            break;
        }
        if (lhs->isOp(JSOP_SETARG) || lhs->isOp(JSOP_SETLOCAL) || lhs->isOp(JSOP_SETALIASEDVAR)) {
            if (!EmitVarOp(cx, lhs, lhs->getOp(), bce))
                return false;
        } else {
            if (!EmitIndexOp(cx, lhs->getOp(), atomIndex, bce))
                return false;
        }
        break;
      case PNK_DOT:
        if (!EmitIndexOp(cx, lhs->getOp(), atomIndex, bce))
            return false;
        break;
      case PNK_CALL:
        /* Do nothing. The JSOP_SETCALL we emitted will always throw. */
        JS_ASSERT(lhs->pn_xflags & PNX_SETCALL);
        break;
      case PNK_ELEM:
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_SETELEM) < 0)
            return false;
        break;
#if JS_HAS_DESTRUCTURING
      case PNK_ARRAY:
      case PNK_OBJECT:
        if (!EmitDestructuringOps(cx, bce, lhs))
            return false;
        break;
#endif
      default:
        JS_ASSERT(0);
    }
    return true;
}

static bool
EmitNewInit(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, JSProtoKey key, ParseNode *pn)
{
    const size_t len = 1 + UINT32_INDEX_LEN;
    ptrdiff_t offset = EmitCheck(cx, bce, len);
    if (offset < 0)
        return false;

    jsbytecode *code = bce->code(offset);
    code[0] = JSOP_NEWINIT;
    code[1] = jsbytecode(key);
    code[2] = 0;
    code[3] = 0;
    code[4] = 0;
    UpdateDepth(cx, bce, offset);
    CheckTypeSet(cx, bce, JSOP_NEWINIT);
    return true;
}

bool
ParseNode::getConstantValue(JSContext *cx, bool strictChecks, MutableHandleValue vp)
{
    switch (getKind()) {
      case PNK_NUMBER:
        vp.setNumber(pn_dval);
        return true;
      case PNK_STRING:
        vp.setString(pn_atom);
        return true;
      case PNK_TRUE:
        vp.setBoolean(true);
        return true;
      case PNK_FALSE:
        vp.setBoolean(false);
        return true;
      case PNK_NULL:
        vp.setNull();
        return true;
      case PNK_SPREAD:
        return false;
      case PNK_ARRAY: {
        JS_ASSERT(isOp(JSOP_NEWINIT) && !(pn_xflags & PNX_NONCONST));

        RootedObject obj(cx, NewDenseAllocatedArray(cx, pn_count, NULL, MaybeSingletonObject));
        if (!obj)
            return false;

        unsigned idx = 0;
        RootedId id(cx);
        RootedValue value(cx);
        for (ParseNode *pn = pn_head; pn; idx++, pn = pn->pn_next) {
            if (!pn->getConstantValue(cx, strictChecks, &value))
                return false;
            id = INT_TO_JSID(idx);
            if (!JSObject::defineGeneric(cx, obj, id, value, NULL, NULL, JSPROP_ENUMERATE))
                return false;
        }
        JS_ASSERT(idx == pn_count);

        types::FixArrayType(cx, obj);
        vp.setObject(*obj);
        return true;
      }
      case PNK_OBJECT: {
        JS_ASSERT(isOp(JSOP_NEWINIT) && !(pn_xflags & PNX_NONCONST));

        gc::AllocKind kind = GuessObjectGCKind(pn_count);
        RootedObject obj(cx, NewBuiltinClassInstance(cx, &ObjectClass, kind, MaybeSingletonObject));
        if (!obj)
            return false;

        RootedValue value(cx), idvalue(cx);
        for (ParseNode *pn = pn_head; pn; pn = pn->pn_next) {
            if (!pn->pn_right->getConstantValue(cx, strictChecks, &value))
                return false;

            ParseNode *pnid = pn->pn_left;
            if (pnid->isKind(PNK_NUMBER)) {
                idvalue = NumberValue(pnid->pn_dval);
            } else {
                JS_ASSERT(pnid->isKind(PNK_NAME) || pnid->isKind(PNK_STRING));
                JS_ASSERT(pnid->pn_atom != cx->names().proto);
                idvalue = StringValue(pnid->pn_atom);
            }

            uint32_t index;
            if (IsDefinitelyIndex(idvalue, &index)) {
                if (!JSObject::defineElement(cx, obj, index, value, NULL, NULL,
                                             JSPROP_ENUMERATE))
                {
                    return false;
                }

                continue;
            }

            JSAtom *name = ToAtom<CanGC>(cx, idvalue);
            if (!name)
                return false;

            if (name->isIndex(&index)) {
                if (!JSObject::defineElement(cx, obj, index, value, NULL, NULL, JSPROP_ENUMERATE))
                    return false;
            } else {
                if (!JSObject::defineProperty(cx, obj, name->asPropertyName(), value, NULL, NULL,
                                              JSPROP_ENUMERATE))
                {
                    return false;
                }
            }
        }

        types::FixObjectType(cx, obj);
        vp.setObject(*obj);
        return true;
      }
      default:
        JS_NOT_REACHED("Unexpected node");
    }
    return false;
}

static bool
EmitSingletonInitialiser(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    RootedValue value(cx);
    if (!pn->getConstantValue(cx, bce->sc->needStrictChecks(), &value))
        return false;

    JS_ASSERT(value.isObject());
    ObjectBox *objbox = bce->parser->newObjectBox(&value.toObject());
    if (!objbox)
        return false;

    return EmitObjectOp(cx, objbox, JSOP_OBJECT, bce);
}

/* See the SRC_FOR source note offsetBias comments later in this file. */
JS_STATIC_ASSERT(JSOP_NOP_LENGTH == 1);
JS_STATIC_ASSERT(JSOP_POP_LENGTH == 1);

class EmitLevelManager
{
    BytecodeEmitter *bce;
  public:
    EmitLevelManager(BytecodeEmitter *bce) : bce(bce) { bce->emitLevel++; }
    ~EmitLevelManager() { bce->emitLevel--; }
};

static bool
EmitCatch(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    ptrdiff_t guardJump;

    /*
     * Morph STMT_BLOCK to STMT_CATCH, note the block entry code offset,
     * and save the block object atom.
     */
    StmtInfoBCE *stmt = bce->topStmt;
    JS_ASSERT(stmt->type == STMT_BLOCK && stmt->isBlockScope);
    stmt->type = STMT_CATCH;

    /* Go up one statement info record to the TRY or FINALLY record. */
    stmt = stmt->down;
    JS_ASSERT(stmt->type == STMT_TRY || stmt->type == STMT_FINALLY);

    /* Pick up the pending exception and bind it to the catch variable. */
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_EXCEPTION) < 0)
        return false;

    /*
     * Dup the exception object if there is a guard for rethrowing to use
     * it later when rethrowing or in other catches.
     */
    if (pn->pn_kid2 && Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_DUP) < 0)
        return false;

    ParseNode *pn2 = pn->pn_kid1;
    switch (pn2->getKind()) {
#if JS_HAS_DESTRUCTURING
      case PNK_ARRAY:
      case PNK_OBJECT:
        if (!EmitDestructuringOps(cx, bce, pn2))
            return false;
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
            return false;
        break;
#endif

      case PNK_NAME:
        /* Inline and specialize BindNameToSlot for pn2. */
        JS_ASSERT(!pn2->pn_cookie.isFree());
        if (!EmitVarOp(cx, pn2, JSOP_SETLOCAL, bce))
            return false;
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
            return false;
        break;

      default:
        JS_ASSERT(0);
    }

    /* Emit the guard expression, if there is one. */
    if (pn->pn_kid2) {
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn->pn_kid2))
            return false;

        /* ifeq <next block> */
        guardJump = EmitJump(cx, bce, JSOP_IFEQ, 0);
        if (guardJump < 0)
            return false;
        stmt->guardJump() = guardJump;

        /* Pop duplicated exception object as we no longer need it. */
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
            return false;
    }

    /* Emit the catch body. */
    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn->pn_kid3))
        return false;

    /*
     * Annotate the JSOP_LEAVEBLOCK that will be emitted as we unwind via
     * our PNK_LEXICALSCOPE parent, so the decompiler knows to pop.
     */
    return NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_CATCH) >= 0;
}

/*
 * Using MOZ_NEVER_INLINE in here is a workaround for llvm.org/pr14047. See
 * the comment on EmitSwitch.
 */
MOZ_NEVER_INLINE static bool
EmitTry(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    StmtInfoBCE stmtInfo(cx);
    ptrdiff_t catchJump = -1;

    /*
     * Push stmtInfo to track jumps-over-catches and gosubs-to-finally
     * for later fixup.
     *
     * When a finally block is active (STMT_FINALLY in our parse context),
     * non-local jumps (including jumps-over-catches) result in a GOSUB
     * being written into the bytecode stream and fixed-up later (c.f.
     * EmitBackPatchOp and BackPatch).
     */
    PushStatementBCE(bce, &stmtInfo, pn->pn_kid3 ? STMT_FINALLY : STMT_TRY, bce->offset());

    /*
     * Since an exception can be thrown at any place inside the try block,
     * we need to restore the stack and the scope chain before we transfer
     * the control to the exception handler.
     *
     * For that we store in a try note associated with the catch or
     * finally block the stack depth upon the try entry. The interpreter
     * uses this depth to properly unwind the stack and the scope chain.
     */
    int depth = bce->stackDepth;

    /* Mark try location for decompilation, then emit try block. */
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_TRY) < 0)
        return false;
    ptrdiff_t tryStart = bce->offset();
    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn->pn_kid1))
        return false;
    JS_ASSERT(depth == bce->stackDepth);

    /* GOSUB to finally, if present. */
    if (pn->pn_kid3) {
        if (NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_HIDDEN) < 0)
            return false;
        if (EmitBackPatchOp(cx, bce, &stmtInfo.gosubs()) < 0)
            return false;
    }

    /* Emit (hidden) jump over catch and/or finally. */
    if (NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_HIDDEN) < 0)
        return false;
    if (EmitBackPatchOp(cx, bce, &catchJump) < 0)
        return false;

    ptrdiff_t tryEnd = bce->offset();

    /* If this try has a catch block, emit it. */
    ParseNode *lastCatch = NULL;
    if (ParseNode *pn2 = pn->pn_kid2) {
        unsigned count = 0;    /* previous catch block's population */

        /*
         * The emitted code for a catch block looks like:
         *
         * [throwing]                          only if 2nd+ catch block
         * [leaveblock]                        only if 2nd+ catch block
         * enterblock
         * exception
         * [dup]                               only if catchguard
         * setlocalpop <slot>                  or destructuring code
         * [< catchguard code >]               if there's a catchguard
         * [ifeq <offset to next catch block>]         " "
         * [pop]                               only if catchguard
         * < catch block contents >
         * leaveblock
         * goto <end of catch blocks>          non-local; finally applies
         *
         * If there's no catch block without a catchguard, the last
         * <offset to next catch block> points to rethrow code.  This
         * code will [gosub] to the finally code if appropriate, and is
         * also used for the catch-all trynote for capturing exceptions
         * thrown from catch{} blocks.
         */
        for (ParseNode *pn3 = pn2->pn_head; pn3; pn3 = pn3->pn_next) {
            ptrdiff_t guardJump;

            JS_ASSERT(bce->stackDepth == depth);
            guardJump = stmtInfo.guardJump();
            if (guardJump != -1) {
                /* Fix up and clean up previous catch block. */
                SetJumpOffsetAt(bce, guardJump);

                /*
                 * Account for JSOP_ENTERBLOCK (whose block object count
                 * is saved below) and pushed exception object that we
                 * still have after the jumping from the previous guard.
                 */
                bce->stackDepth = depth + count + 1;

                /*
                 * Move exception back to cx->exception to prepare for
                 * the next catch. We hide [throwing] from the decompiler
                 * since it compensates for the hidden JSOP_DUP at the
                 * start of the previous guarded catch.
                 */
                if (NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_HIDDEN) < 0 ||
                    Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_THROWING) < 0) {
                    return false;
                }
                if (NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_HIDDEN) < 0)
                    return false;
                EMIT_UINT16_IMM_OP(JSOP_LEAVEBLOCK, count);
                JS_ASSERT(bce->stackDepth == depth);
            }

            /*
             * Emit the lexical scope and catch body.  Save the catch's
             * block object population via count, for use when targeting
             * guardJump at the next catch (the guard mismatch case).
             */
            JS_ASSERT(pn3->isKind(PNK_LEXICALSCOPE));
            count = pn3->pn_objbox->object->asStaticBlock().slotCount();
            if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn3))
                return false;

            /* gosub <finally>, if required */
            if (pn->pn_kid3) {
                if (EmitBackPatchOp(cx, bce, &stmtInfo.gosubs()) < 0)
                    return false;
                JS_ASSERT(bce->stackDepth == depth);
            }

            /*
             * Jump over the remaining catch blocks.  This will get fixed
             * up to jump to after catch/finally.
             */
            if (NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_HIDDEN) < 0)
                return false;
            if (EmitBackPatchOp(cx, bce, &catchJump) < 0)
                return false;

            /*
             * Save a pointer to the last catch node to handle try-finally
             * and try-catch(guard)-finally special cases.
             */
            lastCatch = pn3->expr();
        }
    }

    /*
     * Last catch guard jumps to the rethrow code sequence if none of the
     * guards match. Target guardJump at the beginning of the rethrow
     * sequence, just in case a guard expression throws and leaves the
     * stack unbalanced.
     */
    if (lastCatch && lastCatch->pn_kid2) {
        SetJumpOffsetAt(bce, stmtInfo.guardJump());

        /* Sync the stack to take into account pushed exception. */
        JS_ASSERT(bce->stackDepth == depth);
        bce->stackDepth = depth + 1;

        /*
         * Rethrow the exception, delegating executing of finally if any
         * to the exception handler.
         */
        if (NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_HIDDEN) < 0 || Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_THROW) < 0)
            return false;
    }

    JS_ASSERT(bce->stackDepth == depth);

    /* Emit finally handler if any. */
    ptrdiff_t finallyStart = 0;   /* to quell GCC uninitialized warnings */
    if (pn->pn_kid3) {
        /*
         * Fix up the gosubs that might have been emitted before non-local
         * jumps to the finally code.
         */
        if (!BackPatch(cx, bce, stmtInfo.gosubs(), bce->code().end(), JSOP_GOSUB))
            return false;

        finallyStart = bce->offset();

        /* Indicate that we're emitting a subroutine body. */
        stmtInfo.type = STMT_SUBROUTINE;
        if (!UpdateSourceCoordNotes(cx, bce, pn->pn_kid3->pn_pos.begin))
            return false;
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_FINALLY) < 0 ||
            !EmitTree(cx, bce, pn->pn_kid3) ||
            Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_RETSUB) < 0)
        {
            return false;
        }
        JS_ASSERT(bce->stackDepth == depth);
    }
    if (!PopStatementBCE(cx, bce))
        return false;

    /* ReconstructPCStack needs a NOP here to mark the end of the last catch block. */
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_NOP) < 0)
        return false;

    /* Fix up the end-of-try/catch jumps to come here. */
    if (!BackPatch(cx, bce, catchJump, bce->code().end(), JSOP_GOTO))
        return false;

    /*
     * Add the try note last, to let post-order give us the right ordering
     * (first to last for a given nesting level, inner to outer by level).
     */
    if (pn->pn_kid2 && !bce->tryNoteList.append(JSTRY_CATCH, depth, tryStart, tryEnd))
        return false;

    /*
     * If we've got a finally, mark try+catch region with additional
     * trynote to catch exceptions (re)thrown from a catch block or
     * for the try{}finally{} case.
     */
    if (pn->pn_kid3 && !bce->tryNoteList.append(JSTRY_FINALLY, depth, tryStart, finallyStart))
        return false;

    return true;
}

static bool
EmitIf(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    StmtInfoBCE stmtInfo(cx);

    /* Initialize so we can detect else-if chains and avoid recursion. */
    stmtInfo.type = STMT_IF;
    ptrdiff_t beq = -1;
    ptrdiff_t jmp = -1;
    ptrdiff_t noteIndex = -1;

  if_again:
    /* Emit code for the condition before pushing stmtInfo. */
    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn->pn_kid1))
        return false;
    ptrdiff_t top = bce->offset();
    if (stmtInfo.type == STMT_IF) {
        PushStatementBCE(bce, &stmtInfo, STMT_IF, top);
    } else {
        /*
         * We came here from the goto further below that detects else-if
         * chains, so we must mutate stmtInfo back into a STMT_IF record.
         * Also we need a note offset for SRC_IF_ELSE to help IonMonkey.
         */
        JS_ASSERT(stmtInfo.type == STMT_ELSE);
        stmtInfo.type = STMT_IF;
        stmtInfo.update = top;
        if (!SetSrcNoteOffset(cx, bce, noteIndex, 0, jmp - beq))
            return false;
    }

    /* Emit an annotated branch-if-false around the then part. */
    ParseNode *pn3 = pn->pn_kid3;
    noteIndex = NewSrcNote(cx, bce, pn3 ? SRC_IF_ELSE : SRC_IF);
    if (noteIndex < 0)
        return false;
    beq = EmitJump(cx, bce, JSOP_IFEQ, 0);
    if (beq < 0)
        return false;

    /* Emit code for the then and optional else parts. */
    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn->pn_kid2))
        return false;
    if (pn3) {
        /* Modify stmtInfo so we know we're in the else part. */
        stmtInfo.type = STMT_ELSE;

        /*
         * Emit a JSOP_BACKPATCH op to jump from the end of our then part
         * around the else part.  The PopStatementBCE call at the bottom of
         * this function will fix up the backpatch chain linked from
         * stmtInfo.breaks.
         */
        jmp = EmitGoto(cx, bce, &stmtInfo, &stmtInfo.breaks);
        if (jmp < 0)
            return false;

        /* Ensure the branch-if-false comes here, then emit the else. */
        SetJumpOffsetAt(bce, beq);
        if (pn3->isKind(PNK_IF)) {
            pn = pn3;
            goto if_again;
        }

        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn3))
            return false;

        /*
         * Annotate SRC_IF_ELSE with the offset from branch to jump, for
         * IonMonkey's benefit.  We can't just "back up" from the pc
         * of the else clause, because we don't know whether an extended
         * jump was required to leap from the end of the then clause over
         * the else clause.
         */
        if (!SetSrcNoteOffset(cx, bce, noteIndex, 0, jmp - beq))
            return false;
    } else {
        /* No else part, fixup the branch-if-false to come here. */
        SetJumpOffsetAt(bce, beq);
    }
    return PopStatementBCE(cx, bce);
}

#if JS_HAS_BLOCK_SCOPE
/*
 * pnLet represents one of:
 *
 *   let-expression:   (let (x = y) EXPR)
 *   let-statement:    let (x = y) { ... }
 *
 * For a let-expression 'let (x = a, [y,z] = b) e', EmitLet produces:
 *
 *  bytecode          stackDepth  srcnotes
 *  evaluate a        +1
 *  evaluate b        +1
 *  dup               +1
 *  destructure y
 *  pick 1
 *  dup               +1
 *  destructure z
 *  pick 1
 *  pop               -1
 *  enterlet0
 *  evaluate e        +1
 *  leaveblockexpr    -3
 *
 * Note that, since enterlet0 simply changes fp->blockChain and does not
 * otherwise touch the stack, evaluation of the let-var initializers must leave
 * the initial value in the let-var's future slot.
 */
/*
 * Using MOZ_NEVER_INLINE in here is a workaround for llvm.org/pr14047. See
 * the comment on EmitSwitch.
 */
MOZ_NEVER_INLINE static bool
EmitLet(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pnLet)
{
    JS_ASSERT(pnLet->isArity(PN_BINARY));
    ParseNode *varList = pnLet->pn_left;
    JS_ASSERT(varList->isArity(PN_LIST));
    ParseNode *letBody = pnLet->pn_right;
    JS_ASSERT(letBody->isLet() && letBody->isKind(PNK_LEXICALSCOPE));
    Rooted<StaticBlockObject*> blockObj(cx, &letBody->pn_objbox->object->asStaticBlock());

    int letHeadDepth = bce->stackDepth;

    if (!EmitVariables(cx, bce, varList, PushInitialValues, true))
        return false;

    /* Push storage for hoisted let decls (e.g. 'let (x) { let y }'). */
    uint32_t alreadyPushed = unsigned(bce->stackDepth - letHeadDepth);
    uint32_t blockObjCount = blockObj->slotCount();
    for (uint32_t i = alreadyPushed; i < blockObjCount; ++i) {
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_UNDEFINED) < 0)
            return false;
    }

    StmtInfoBCE stmtInfo(cx);
    PushBlockScopeBCE(bce, &stmtInfo, *blockObj, bce->offset());

    DebugOnly<ptrdiff_t> bodyBegin = bce->offset();
    if (!EmitEnterBlock(cx, bce, letBody, JSOP_ENTERLET0))
        return false;

    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, letBody->pn_expr))
        return false;

    JSOp leaveOp = letBody->getOp();
    JS_ASSERT(leaveOp == JSOP_LEAVEBLOCK || leaveOp == JSOP_LEAVEBLOCKEXPR);
    EMIT_UINT16_IMM_OP(leaveOp, blockObj->slotCount());

    DebugOnly<ptrdiff_t> bodyEnd = bce->offset();
    JS_ASSERT(bodyEnd > bodyBegin);

    return PopStatementBCE(cx, bce);
}
#endif

/*
 * Using MOZ_NEVER_INLINE in here is a workaround for llvm.org/pr14047. See
 * the comment on EmitSwitch.
 */
MOZ_NEVER_INLINE static bool
EmitLexicalScope(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isKind(PNK_LEXICALSCOPE));
    JS_ASSERT(pn->getOp() == JSOP_LEAVEBLOCK);

    StmtInfoBCE stmtInfo(cx);
    ObjectBox *objbox = pn->pn_objbox;
    StaticBlockObject &blockObj = objbox->object->asStaticBlock();
    size_t slots = blockObj.slotCount();
    PushBlockScopeBCE(bce, &stmtInfo, blockObj, bce->offset());

    if (!EmitEnterBlock(cx, bce, pn, JSOP_ENTERBLOCK))
        return false;

    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn->pn_expr))
        return false;

    EMIT_UINT16_IMM_OP(JSOP_LEAVEBLOCK, slots);

    return PopStatementBCE(cx, bce);
}

static bool
EmitWith(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    StmtInfoBCE stmtInfo(cx);
    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn->pn_left))
        return false;
    PushStatementBCE(bce, &stmtInfo, STMT_WITH, bce->offset());
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_ENTERWITH) < 0)
        return false;

    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn->pn_right))
        return false;
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_LEAVEWITH) < 0)
        return false;
    return PopStatementBCE(cx, bce);
}

static bool
EmitForIn(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn, ptrdiff_t top)
{
    StmtInfoBCE stmtInfo(cx);
    PushStatementBCE(bce, &stmtInfo, STMT_FOR_IN_LOOP, top);

    ParseNode *forHead = pn->pn_left;
    ParseNode *forBody = pn->pn_right;

    ParseNode *pn1 = forHead->pn_kid1;
    bool letDecl = pn1 && pn1->isKind(PNK_LEXICALSCOPE);
    JS_ASSERT_IF(letDecl, pn1->isLet());

    Rooted<StaticBlockObject*> blockObj(cx, letDecl ? &pn1->pn_objbox->object->asStaticBlock() : NULL);
    uint32_t blockObjCount = blockObj ? blockObj->slotCount() : 0;

    if (letDecl) {
        /*
         * The let's slot(s) will be under the iterator, but the block must not
         * be entered (i.e. fp->blockChain set) until after evaluating the rhs.
         * Thus, push to reserve space and enterblock after. The same argument
         * applies when leaving the loop. Thus, a for-let-in loop looks like:
         *
         *   push x N
         *   eval rhs
         *   iter
         *   enterlet1
         *   goto
         *     ... loop body
         *   ifne
         *   leaveforinlet
         *   enditer
         *   popn(N)
         */
        for (uint32_t i = 0; i < blockObjCount; ++i) {
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_UNDEFINED) < 0)
                return false;
        }
    }

    /*
     * If the left part is 'var x', emit code to define x if necessary
     * using a prolog opcode, but do not emit a pop. If the left part was
     * originally 'var x = i', the parser will have rewritten it; see
     * Parser::forStatement. 'for (let x = i in o)' is mercifully banned.
     */
    if (pn1) {
        ParseNode *decl = letDecl ? pn1->pn_expr : pn1;
        JS_ASSERT(decl->isKind(PNK_VAR) || decl->isKind(PNK_LET));
        bce->emittingForInit = true;
        if (!EmitVariables(cx, bce, decl, DefineVars))
            return false;
        bce->emittingForInit = false;
    }

    /* Compile the object expression to the right of 'in'. */
    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, forHead->pn_kid3))
        return false;

    /*
     * Emit a bytecode to convert top of stack value to the iterator
     * object depending on the loop variant (for-in, for-each-in, or
     * destructuring for-in).
     */
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isOp(JSOP_ITER));
    if (Emit2(cx, bce, JSOP_ITER, (uint8_t) pn->pn_iflags) < 0)
        return false;

    /* Enter the block before the loop body, after evaluating the obj. */
    StmtInfoBCE letStmt(cx);
    if (letDecl) {
        PushBlockScopeBCE(bce, &letStmt, *blockObj, bce->offset());
        letStmt.isForLetBlock = true;
        if (!EmitEnterBlock(cx, bce, pn1, JSOP_ENTERLET1))
            return false;
    }

    /* Annotate so IonMonkey can find the loop-closing jump. */
    int noteIndex = NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_FOR_IN);
    if (noteIndex < 0)
        return false;

    /*
     * Jump down to the loop condition to minimize overhead assuming at
     * least one iteration, as the other loop forms do.
     */
    ptrdiff_t jmp = EmitJump(cx, bce, JSOP_GOTO, 0);
    if (jmp < 0)
        return false;

    top = bce->offset();
    SET_STATEMENT_TOP(&stmtInfo, top);
    if (EmitLoopHead(cx, bce, NULL) < 0)
        return false;

#ifdef DEBUG
    int loopDepth = bce->stackDepth;
#endif

    /*
     * Emit code to get the next enumeration value and assign it to the
     * left hand side. The JSOP_POP after this assignment is annotated
     * so that the decompiler can distinguish 'for (x in y)' from
     * 'for (var x in y)'.
     */
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_ITERNEXT) < 0)
        return false;
    if (!EmitAssignment(cx, bce, forHead->pn_kid2, JSOP_NOP, NULL))
        return false;

    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
        return false;

    /* The stack should be balanced around the assignment opcode sequence. */
    JS_ASSERT(bce->stackDepth == loopDepth);

    /* Emit code for the loop body. */
    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, forBody))
        return false;

    /* Set loop and enclosing "update" offsets, for continue. */
    StmtInfoBCE *stmt = &stmtInfo;
    do {
        stmt->update = bce->offset();
    } while ((stmt = stmt->down) != NULL && stmt->type == STMT_LABEL);

    /*
     * Fixup the goto that starts the loop to jump down to JSOP_MOREITER.
     */
    SetJumpOffsetAt(bce, jmp);
    if (!EmitLoopEntry(cx, bce, NULL))
        return false;
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_MOREITER) < 0)
        return false;
    ptrdiff_t beq = EmitJump(cx, bce, JSOP_IFNE, top - bce->offset());
    if (beq < 0)
        return false;

    /* Set the srcnote offset so we can find the closing jump. */
    if (!SetSrcNoteOffset(cx, bce, (unsigned)noteIndex, 0, beq - jmp))
        return false;

    /* Fixup breaks and continues before JSOP_ITER (and JSOP_LEAVEFORINLET). */
    if (!PopStatementBCE(cx, bce))
        return false;

    if (letDecl) {
        if (!PopStatementBCE(cx, bce))
            return false;
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_LEAVEFORLETIN) < 0)
            return false;
    }

    if (!bce->tryNoteList.append(JSTRY_ITER, bce->stackDepth, top, bce->offset()))
        return false;
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_ENDITER) < 0)
        return false;

    if (letDecl)
        EMIT_UINT16_IMM_OP(JSOP_POPN, blockObjCount);

    return true;
}

static bool
EmitNormalFor(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn, ptrdiff_t top)
{
    StmtInfoBCE stmtInfo(cx);
    PushStatementBCE(bce, &stmtInfo, STMT_FOR_LOOP, top);

    ParseNode *forHead = pn->pn_left;
    ParseNode *forBody = pn->pn_right;

    /* C-style for (init; cond; update) ... loop. */
    JSOp op = JSOP_POP;
    ParseNode *pn3 = forHead->pn_kid1;
    if (!pn3) {
        /* No initializer: emit an annotated nop for the decompiler. */
        op = JSOP_NOP;
    } else {
        bce->emittingForInit = true;
#if JS_HAS_DESTRUCTURING
        if (pn3->isKind(PNK_ASSIGN)) {
            JS_ASSERT(pn3->isOp(JSOP_NOP));
            if (!MaybeEmitGroupAssignment(cx, bce, op, pn3, GroupIsNotDecl, &op))
                return false;
        }
#endif
        if (op == JSOP_POP) {
            if (!UpdateSourceCoordNotes(cx, bce, pn3->pn_pos.begin))
                return false;
            if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn3))
                return false;
            if (pn3->isKind(PNK_VAR) || pn3->isKind(PNK_CONST) || pn3->isKind(PNK_LET)) {
                /*
                 * Check whether a destructuring-initialized var decl
                 * was optimized to a group assignment.  If so, we do
                 * not need to emit a pop below, so switch to a nop,
                 * just for the decompiler.
                 */
                JS_ASSERT(pn3->isArity(PN_LIST) || pn3->isArity(PN_BINARY));
                if (pn3->pn_xflags & PNX_GROUPINIT)
                    op = JSOP_NOP;
            }
        }
        bce->emittingForInit = false;
    }

    /*
     * NB: the SRC_FOR note has offsetBias 1 (JSOP_{NOP,POP}_LENGTH).
     * Use tmp to hold the biased srcnote "top" offset, which differs
     * from the top local variable by the length of the JSOP_GOTO
     * emitted in between tmp and top if this loop has a condition.
     */
    int noteIndex = NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_FOR);
    if (noteIndex < 0 || Emit1(cx, bce, op) < 0)
        return false;
    ptrdiff_t tmp = bce->offset();

    ptrdiff_t jmp = -1;
    if (forHead->pn_kid2) {
        /* Goto the loop condition, which branches back to iterate. */
        jmp = EmitJump(cx, bce, JSOP_GOTO, 0);
        if (jmp < 0)
            return false;
    } else {
        if (op != JSOP_NOP && Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_NOP) < 0)
            return false;
    }

    top = bce->offset();
    SET_STATEMENT_TOP(&stmtInfo, top);

    /* Emit code for the loop body. */
    if (EmitLoopHead(cx, bce, forBody) < 0)
        return false;
    if (jmp == -1 && !EmitLoopEntry(cx, bce, forBody))
        return false;
    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, forBody))
        return false;

    /* Set the second note offset so we can find the update part. */
    JS_ASSERT(noteIndex != -1);
    ptrdiff_t tmp2 = bce->offset();

    /* Set loop and enclosing "update" offsets, for continue. */
    StmtInfoBCE *stmt = &stmtInfo;
    do {
        stmt->update = bce->offset();
    } while ((stmt = stmt->down) != NULL && stmt->type == STMT_LABEL);

    /* Check for update code to do before the condition (if any). */
    pn3 = forHead->pn_kid3;
    if (pn3) {
        if (!UpdateSourceCoordNotes(cx, bce, pn3->pn_pos.begin))
            return false;
        op = JSOP_POP;
#if JS_HAS_DESTRUCTURING
        if (pn3->isKind(PNK_ASSIGN)) {
            JS_ASSERT(pn3->isOp(JSOP_NOP));
            if (!MaybeEmitGroupAssignment(cx, bce, op, pn3, GroupIsNotDecl, &op))
                return false;
        }
#endif
        if (op == JSOP_POP && !EmitTree(cx, bce, pn3))
            return false;

        /* Always emit the POP or NOP, to help the decompiler. */
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, op) < 0)
            return false;

        /* Restore the absolute line number for source note readers. */
        uint32_t lineNum = bce->parser->tokenStream.srcCoords.lineNum(pn->pn_pos.end);
        if (bce->currentLine() != lineNum) {
            if (NewSrcNote2(cx, bce, SRC_SETLINE, ptrdiff_t(lineNum)) < 0)
                return false;
            bce->current->currentLine = lineNum;
            bce->current->lastColumn = 0;
        }
    }

    ptrdiff_t tmp3 = bce->offset();

    if (forHead->pn_kid2) {
        /* Fix up the goto from top to target the loop condition. */
        JS_ASSERT(jmp >= 0);
        SetJumpOffsetAt(bce, jmp);
        if (!EmitLoopEntry(cx, bce, forHead->pn_kid2))
            return false;

        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, forHead->pn_kid2))
            return false;
    }

    /* Set the first note offset so we can find the loop condition. */
    if (!SetSrcNoteOffset(cx, bce, (unsigned)noteIndex, 0, tmp3 - tmp))
        return false;
    if (!SetSrcNoteOffset(cx, bce, (unsigned)noteIndex, 1, tmp2 - tmp))
        return false;
    /* The third note offset helps us find the loop-closing jump. */
    if (!SetSrcNoteOffset(cx, bce, (unsigned)noteIndex, 2, bce->offset() - tmp))
        return false;

    /* If no loop condition, just emit a loop-closing jump. */
    op = forHead->pn_kid2 ? JSOP_IFNE : JSOP_GOTO;
    if (EmitJump(cx, bce, op, top - bce->offset()) < 0)
        return false;

    if (!bce->tryNoteList.append(JSTRY_LOOP, bce->stackDepth, top, bce->offset()))
        return false;

    /* Now fixup all breaks and continues. */
    return PopStatementBCE(cx, bce);
}

static inline bool
EmitFor(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn, ptrdiff_t top)
{
    JS_ASSERT(pn->pn_left->isKind(PNK_FORIN) || pn->pn_left->isKind(PNK_FORHEAD));
    return pn->pn_left->isKind(PNK_FORIN)
           ? EmitForIn(cx, bce, pn, top)
           : EmitNormalFor(cx, bce, pn, top);
}

static JS_NEVER_INLINE bool
EmitFunc(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    FunctionBox *funbox = pn->pn_funbox;
    RootedFunction fun(cx, funbox->function());
    if (fun->isNative()) {
        JS_ASSERT(IsAsmJSModuleNative(fun->native()));
        return true;
    }
    JS_ASSERT_IF(fun->isInterpretedLazy(), fun->lazyScript());

    /*
     * Set the EMITTEDFUNCTION flag in function definitions once they have been
     * emitted. Function definitions that need hoisting to the top of the
     * function will be seen by EmitFunc in two places.
     */
    if (pn->pn_dflags & PND_EMITTEDFUNCTION) {
        JS_ASSERT_IF(fun->hasScript(), fun->nonLazyScript());
        JS_ASSERT(pn->functionIsHoisted());
        JS_ASSERT(bce->sc->isFunctionBox());
        return true;
    }

    pn->pn_dflags |= PND_EMITTEDFUNCTION;

    /*
     * Mark as singletons any function which will only be executed once, or
     * which is inner to a lambda we only expect to run once. In the latter
     * case, if the lambda runs multiple times then CloneFunctionObject will
     * make a deep clone of its contents.
     */
    bool singleton =
        cx->typeInferenceEnabled() &&
        bce->script->compileAndGo &&
        (bce->checkSingletonContext() ||
         (!bce->isInLoop() &&
          bce->parent &&
          bce->parent->emittingRunOnceLambda));
    if (!JSFunction::setTypeForScriptedFunction(cx, fun, singleton))
        return false;

    if (fun->isInterpretedLazy()) {
        if (!fun->lazyScript()->parent())
            fun->lazyScript()->initParent(bce->script);
    } else {
        SharedContext *outersc = bce->sc;

        if (outersc->isFunctionBox() && outersc->asFunctionBox()->mightAliasLocals())
            funbox->setMightAliasLocals();      // inherit mightAliasLocals from parent
        JS_ASSERT_IF(outersc->strict, funbox->strict);

        // Inherit most things (principals, version, etc) from the parent.
        Rooted<JSScript*> parent(cx, bce->script);
        CompileOptions options(cx);
        options.setPrincipals(parent->principals())
               .setOriginPrincipals(parent->originPrincipals)
               .setCompileAndGo(parent->compileAndGo)
               .setSelfHostingMode(parent->selfHosted)
               .setNoScriptRval(false)
               .setVersion(parent->getVersion());

        bool generateBytecode = true;
#ifdef JS_ION
        if (funbox->useAsm) {
            RootedFunction moduleFun(cx);

            // In a function like this:
            //
            //   function f() { "use asm"; ... }
            //
            // funbox->asmStart points to the '"', and funbox->bufEnd points
            // one past the final '}'.  We need to exclude that final '}',
            // so we use |funbox->bufEnd - 1| below.
            //
            if (!CompileAsmJS(cx, *bce->tokenStream(), pn, options,
                              bce->script->scriptSource(), funbox->asmStart, funbox->bufEnd - 1,
                              &moduleFun))
                return false;

            if (moduleFun) {
                funbox->object = moduleFun;
                generateBytecode = false;
            }
        }
#endif

        if (generateBytecode) {
            Rooted<JSObject*> enclosingScope(cx, EnclosingStaticScope(bce));
            Rooted<ScriptSourceObject *> sourceObject(cx, bce->script->sourceObject());
            Rooted<JSScript*> script(cx, JSScript::Create(cx, enclosingScope, false, options,
                                                          parent->staticLevel + 1,
                                                          sourceObject,
                                                          funbox->bufStart, funbox->bufEnd));
            if (!script)
                return false;

            script->bindings = funbox->bindings;

            uint32_t lineNum = bce->parser->tokenStream.srcCoords.lineNum(pn->pn_pos.begin);
            BytecodeEmitter bce2(bce, bce->parser, funbox, script, bce->insideEval,
                                 bce->evalCaller, bce->hasGlobalScope, lineNum,
                                 bce->emitterMode);
            if (!bce2.init())
                return false;

            /* We measured the max scope depth when we parsed the function. */
            if (!EmitFunctionScript(cx, &bce2, pn->pn_body))
                return false;
        }
    }

    /* Make the function object a literal in the outer script's pool. */
    unsigned index = bce->objectList.add(pn->pn_funbox);

    /* Non-hoisted functions simply emit their respective op. */
    if (!pn->functionIsHoisted())
        return EmitIndex32(cx, pn->getOp(), index, bce);

    /*
     * For a script we emit the code as we parse. Thus the bytecode for
     * top-level functions should go in the prolog to predefine their
     * names in the variable object before the already-generated main code
     * is executed. This extra work for top-level scripts is not necessary
     * when we emit the code for a function. It is fully parsed prior to
     * invocation of the emitter and calls to EmitTree for function
     * definitions can be scheduled before generating the rest of code.
     */
    if (!bce->sc->isFunctionBox()) {
        JS_ASSERT(pn->pn_cookie.isFree());
        JS_ASSERT(pn->getOp() == JSOP_NOP);
        JS_ASSERT(!bce->topStmt);
        bce->switchToProlog();
        if (!EmitIndex32(cx, JSOP_DEFFUN, index, bce))
            return false;
        if (!UpdateSourceCoordNotes(cx, bce, pn->pn_pos.begin))
            return false;
        bce->switchToMain();
    } else {
#ifdef DEBUG
        BindingIter bi(bce->script);
        while (bi->name() != fun->atom())
            bi++;
        JS_ASSERT(bi->kind() == VARIABLE || bi->kind() == CONSTANT || bi->kind() == ARGUMENT);
        JS_ASSERT(bi.frameIndex() < JS_BIT(20));
#endif
        pn->pn_index = index;
        if (!EmitIndexOp(cx, JSOP_LAMBDA, index, bce))
            return false;
        JS_ASSERT(pn->getOp() == JSOP_GETLOCAL || pn->getOp() == JSOP_GETARG);
        JSOp setOp = pn->getOp() == JSOP_GETLOCAL ? JSOP_SETLOCAL : JSOP_SETARG;
        if (!EmitVarOp(cx, pn, setOp, bce))
            return false;
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
            return false;
    }

    return true;
}

static bool
EmitDo(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    /* Emit an annotated nop so we know to decompile a 'do' keyword. */
    ptrdiff_t noteIndex = NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_WHILE);
    if (noteIndex < 0 || Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_NOP) < 0)
        return false;

    ptrdiff_t noteIndex2 = NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_WHILE);
    if (noteIndex2 < 0)
        return false;

    /* Compile the loop body. */
    ptrdiff_t top = EmitLoopHead(cx, bce, pn->pn_left);
    if (top < 0)
        return false;

    StmtInfoBCE stmtInfo(cx);
    PushStatementBCE(bce, &stmtInfo, STMT_DO_LOOP, top);

    if (!EmitLoopEntry(cx, bce, NULL))
        return false;

    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn->pn_left))
        return false;

    /* Set loop and enclosing label update offsets, for continue. */
    ptrdiff_t off = bce->offset();
    StmtInfoBCE *stmt = &stmtInfo;
    do {
        stmt->update = off;
    } while ((stmt = stmt->down) != NULL && stmt->type == STMT_LABEL);

    /* Compile the loop condition, now that continues know where to go. */
    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn->pn_right))
        return false;

    /*
     * Since we use JSOP_IFNE for other purposes as well as for do-while
     * loops, we must store 1 + (beq - top) in the SRC_WHILE note offset,
     * and the decompiler must get that delta and decompile recursively.
     */
    ptrdiff_t beq = EmitJump(cx, bce, JSOP_IFNE, top - bce->offset());
    if (beq < 0)
        return false;

    if (!bce->tryNoteList.append(JSTRY_LOOP, bce->stackDepth, top, bce->offset()))
        return false;

    /*
     * Be careful: We must set noteIndex2 before noteIndex in case the noteIndex
     * note gets bigger.
     */
    if (!SetSrcNoteOffset(cx, bce, noteIndex2, 0, beq - top))
        return false;
    if (!SetSrcNoteOffset(cx, bce, noteIndex, 0, 1 + (off - top)))
        return false;

    return PopStatementBCE(cx, bce);
}

static bool
EmitWhile(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn, ptrdiff_t top)
{
    /*
     * Minimize bytecodes issued for one or more iterations by jumping to
     * the condition below the body and closing the loop if the condition
     * is true with a backward branch. For iteration count i:
     *
     *  i    test at the top                 test at the bottom
     *  =    ===============                 ==================
     *  0    ifeq-pass                       goto; ifne-fail
     *  1    ifeq-fail; goto; ifne-pass      goto; ifne-pass; ifne-fail
     *  2    2*(ifeq-fail; goto); ifeq-pass  goto; 2*ifne-pass; ifne-fail
     *  . . .
     *  N    N*(ifeq-fail; goto); ifeq-pass  goto; N*ifne-pass; ifne-fail
     */
    StmtInfoBCE stmtInfo(cx);
    PushStatementBCE(bce, &stmtInfo, STMT_WHILE_LOOP, top);

    ptrdiff_t noteIndex = NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_WHILE);
    if (noteIndex < 0)
        return false;

    ptrdiff_t jmp = EmitJump(cx, bce, JSOP_GOTO, 0);
    if (jmp < 0)
        return false;

    top = EmitLoopHead(cx, bce, pn->pn_right);
    if (top < 0)
        return false;

    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn->pn_right))
        return false;

    SetJumpOffsetAt(bce, jmp);
    if (!EmitLoopEntry(cx, bce, pn->pn_left))
        return false;
    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn->pn_left))
        return false;

    ptrdiff_t beq = EmitJump(cx, bce, JSOP_IFNE, top - bce->offset());
    if (beq < 0)
        return false;

    if (!bce->tryNoteList.append(JSTRY_LOOP, bce->stackDepth, top, bce->offset()))
        return false;

    if (!SetSrcNoteOffset(cx, bce, noteIndex, 0, beq - jmp))
        return false;

    return PopStatementBCE(cx, bce);
}

static bool
EmitBreak(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, PropertyName *label)
{
    StmtInfoBCE *stmt = bce->topStmt;
    SrcNoteType noteType;
    if (label) {
        while (stmt->type != STMT_LABEL || stmt->label != label)
            stmt = stmt->down;
        noteType = SRC_BREAK2LABEL;
    } else {
        while (!stmt->isLoop() && stmt->type != STMT_SWITCH)
            stmt = stmt->down;
        noteType = (stmt->type == STMT_SWITCH) ? SRC_SWITCHBREAK : SRC_BREAK;
    }

    return EmitGoto(cx, bce, stmt, &stmt->breaks, noteType) >= 0;
}

static bool
EmitContinue(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, PropertyName *label)
{
    StmtInfoBCE *stmt = bce->topStmt;
    if (label) {
        /* Find the loop statement enclosed by the matching label. */
        StmtInfoBCE *loop = NULL;
        while (stmt->type != STMT_LABEL || stmt->label != label) {
            if (stmt->isLoop())
                loop = stmt;
            stmt = stmt->down;
        }
        stmt = loop;
    } else {
        while (!stmt->isLoop())
            stmt = stmt->down;
    }

    return EmitGoto(cx, bce, stmt, &stmt->continues, SRC_CONTINUE) >= 0;
}

static bool
EmitReturn(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    if (!UpdateSourceCoordNotes(cx, bce, pn->pn_pos.begin))
        return false;

    /* Push a return value */
    if (ParseNode *pn2 = pn->pn_kid) {
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn2))
            return false;
    } else {
        /* No explicit return value provided */
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_UNDEFINED) < 0)
            return false;
    }

    /*
     * EmitNonLocalJumpFixup may add fixup bytecode to close open try
     * blocks having finally clauses and to exit intermingled let blocks.
     * We can't simply transfer control flow to our caller in that case,
     * because we must gosub to those finally clauses from inner to outer,
     * with the correct stack pointer (i.e., after popping any with,
     * for/in, etc., slots nested inside the finally's try).
     *
     * In this case we mutate JSOP_RETURN into JSOP_SETRVAL and add an
     * extra JSOP_RETRVAL after the fixups.
     */
    ptrdiff_t top = bce->offset();

    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_RETURN) < 0)
        return false;
    if (!EmitNonLocalJumpFixup(cx, bce, NULL))
        return false;
    if (top + JSOP_RETURN_LENGTH != bce->offset()) {
        bce->code()[top] = JSOP_SETRVAL;
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_RETRVAL) < 0)
            return false;
    }

    return true;
}

static bool
EmitStatementList(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn, ptrdiff_t top)
{
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isArity(PN_LIST));

    StmtInfoBCE stmtInfo(cx);
    PushStatementBCE(bce, &stmtInfo, STMT_BLOCK, top);

    ParseNode *pnchild = pn->pn_head;

    if (pn->pn_xflags & PNX_DESTRUCT)
        pnchild = pnchild->pn_next;

    for (ParseNode *pn2 = pnchild; pn2; pn2 = pn2->pn_next) {
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn2))
            return false;
    }

    return PopStatementBCE(cx, bce);
}

static bool
EmitStatement(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isKind(PNK_SEMI));

    ParseNode *pn2 = pn->pn_kid;
    if (!pn2)
        return true;

    if (!UpdateSourceCoordNotes(cx, bce, pn->pn_pos.begin))
        return false;

    /*
     * Top-level or called-from-a-native JS_Execute/EvaluateScript,
     * debugger, and eval frames may need the value of the ultimate
     * expression statement as the script's result, despite the fact
     * that it appears useless to the compiler.
     *
     * API users may also set the JSOPTION_NO_SCRIPT_RVAL option when
     * calling JS_Compile* to suppress JSOP_POPV.
     */
    bool wantval = false;
    bool useful = false;
    if (bce->sc->isFunctionBox()) {
        JS_ASSERT(!bce->script->noScriptRval);
    } else {
        useful = wantval = !bce->script->noScriptRval;
    }

    /* Don't eliminate expressions with side effects. */
    if (!useful) {
        if (!CheckSideEffects(cx, bce, pn2, &useful))
            return false;

        /*
         * Don't eliminate apparently useless expressions if they are
         * labeled expression statements.  The pc->topStmt->update test
         * catches the case where we are nesting in EmitTree for a labeled
         * compound statement.
         */
        if (bce->topStmt &&
            bce->topStmt->type == STMT_LABEL &&
            bce->topStmt->update >= bce->offset())
        {
            useful = true;
        }
    }

    if (useful) {
        JSOp op = wantval ? JSOP_POPV : JSOP_POP;
        JS_ASSERT_IF(pn2->isKind(PNK_ASSIGN), pn2->isOp(JSOP_NOP));
#if JS_HAS_DESTRUCTURING
        if (!wantval &&
            pn2->isKind(PNK_ASSIGN) &&
            !MaybeEmitGroupAssignment(cx, bce, op, pn2, GroupIsNotDecl, &op))
        {
            return false;
        }
#endif
        if (op != JSOP_NOP) {
            if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn2))
                return false;
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, op) < 0)
                return false;
        }
    } else if (!pn->isDirectivePrologueMember()) {
        /* Don't complain about directive prologue members; just don't emit their code. */
        bce->current->currentLine = bce->parser->tokenStream.srcCoords.lineNum(pn2->pn_pos.begin);
        bce->current->lastColumn = 0;
        if (!bce->reportStrictWarning(pn2, JSMSG_USELESS_EXPR))
            return false;
    }

    return true;
}

static bool
EmitDelete(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    /*
     * Under ECMA 3, deleting a non-reference returns true -- but alas we
     * must evaluate the operand if it appears it might have side effects.
     */
    ParseNode *pn2 = pn->pn_kid;
    switch (pn2->getKind()) {
      case PNK_NAME:
      {
        if (!BindNameToSlot(cx, bce, pn2))
            return false;
        JSOp op = pn2->getOp();
        if (op == JSOP_FALSE) {
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, op) < 0)
                return false;
        } else {
            if (!EmitAtomOp(cx, pn2, op, bce))
                return false;
        }
        break;
      }
      case PNK_DOT:
        if (!EmitPropOp(cx, pn2, JSOP_DELPROP, bce, false))
            return false;
        break;
      case PNK_ELEM:
        if (!EmitElemOp(cx, pn2, JSOP_DELELEM, bce))
            return false;
        break;
      default:
      {
        /*
         * If useless, just emit JSOP_TRUE; otherwise convert delete foo()
         * to foo(), true (a comma expression).
         */
        bool useful = false;
        if (!CheckSideEffects(cx, bce, pn2, &useful))
            return false;

        if (useful) {
            JS_ASSERT_IF(pn2->isKind(PNK_CALL), !(pn2->pn_xflags & PNX_SETCALL));
            if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn2))
                return false;
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
                return false;
        }

        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_TRUE) < 0)
            return false;
      }
    }

    return true;
}

static bool
EmitCallOrNew(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    bool callop = pn->isKind(PNK_CALL);

    /*
     * Emit callable invocation or operator new (constructor call) code.
     * First, emit code for the left operand to evaluate the callable or
     * constructable object expression.
     *
     * For operator new, we emit JSOP_GETPROP instead of JSOP_CALLPROP, etc.
     * This is necessary to interpose the lambda-initialized method read
     * barrier -- see the code in jsinterp.cpp for JSOP_LAMBDA followed by
     * JSOP_{SET,INIT}PROP.
     *
     * Then (or in a call case that has no explicit reference-base
     * object) we emit JSOP_UNDEFINED to produce the undefined |this|
     * value required for calls (which non-strict mode functions
     * will box into the global object).
     */
    uint32_t argc = pn->pn_count - 1;

    if (argc >= ARGC_LIMIT) {
        JS_ReportErrorNumber(cx, js_GetErrorMessage, NULL,
                             callop ? JSMSG_TOO_MANY_FUN_ARGS : JSMSG_TOO_MANY_CON_ARGS);
        return false;
    }

    bool emitArgs = true;
    ParseNode *pn2 = pn->pn_head;
    switch (pn2->getKind()) {
      case PNK_NAME:
        if (bce->emitterMode == BytecodeEmitter::SelfHosting &&
            pn2->name() == cx->names().callFunction)
        {
            /*
             * Special-casing of callFunction to emit bytecode that directly
             * invokes the callee with the correct |this| object and arguments.
             * callFunction(fun, thisArg, ...args) thus becomes:
             * - emit lookup for fun
             * - emit lookup for thisArg
             * - emit lookups for ...args
             *
             * argc is set to the amount of actually emitted args and the
             * emitting of args below is disabled by setting emitArgs to false.
             */
            if (pn->pn_count < 3) {
                bce->reportError(pn, JSMSG_MORE_ARGS_NEEDED, "callFunction", "1", "s");
                return false;
            }
            ParseNode *funNode = pn2->pn_next;
            if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, funNode))
                return false;
            ParseNode *thisArg = funNode->pn_next;
            if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, thisArg))
                return false;
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_NOTEARG) < 0)
                return false;
            bool oldEmittingForInit = bce->emittingForInit;
            bce->emittingForInit = false;
            for (ParseNode *argpn = thisArg->pn_next; argpn; argpn = argpn->pn_next) {
                if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, argpn))
                    return false;
                if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_NOTEARG) < 0)
                    return false;
            }
            bce->emittingForInit = oldEmittingForInit;
            argc -= 2;
            emitArgs = false;
            break;
        }
        if (!EmitNameOp(cx, bce, pn2, callop))
            return false;
        break;
      case PNK_DOT:
        if (!EmitPropOp(cx, pn2, pn2->getOp(), bce, callop))
            return false;
        break;
      case PNK_ELEM:
        JS_ASSERT(pn2->isOp(JSOP_GETELEM));
        if (!EmitElemOp(cx, pn2, callop ? JSOP_CALLELEM : JSOP_GETELEM, bce))
            return false;
        break;
      case PNK_FUNCTION:
        /*
         * Top level lambdas which are immediately invoked should be
         * treated as only running once. Every time they execute we will
         * create new types and scripts for their contents, to increase
         * the quality of type information within them and enable more
         * backend optimizations. Note that this does not depend on the
         * lambda being invoked at most once (it may be named or be
         * accessed via foo.caller indirection), as multiple executions
         * will just cause the inner scripts to be repeatedly cloned.
         */
        JS_ASSERT(!bce->emittingRunOnceLambda);
        if (bce->checkSingletonContext()) {
            bce->emittingRunOnceLambda = true;
            if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn2))
                return false;
            bce->emittingRunOnceLambda = false;
        } else {
            if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn2))
                return false;
        }
        callop = false;
        break;
      default:
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn2))
            return false;
        callop = false;             /* trigger JSOP_UNDEFINED after */
        break;
    }
    if (!callop) {
        JSOp thisop = pn->isKind(PNK_GENEXP) ? JSOP_THIS : JSOP_UNDEFINED;
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, thisop) < 0)
            return false;
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_NOTEARG) < 0)
            return false;
    }

    if (emitArgs) {
        /*
         * Emit code for each argument in order, then emit the JSOP_*CALL or
         * JSOP_NEW bytecode with a two-byte immediate telling how many args
         * were pushed on the operand stack.
         */
        bool oldEmittingForInit = bce->emittingForInit;
        bce->emittingForInit = false;
        for (ParseNode *pn3 = pn2->pn_next; pn3; pn3 = pn3->pn_next) {
            if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn3))
                return false;
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_NOTEARG) < 0)
                return false;
        }
        bce->emittingForInit = oldEmittingForInit;
    }

    if (Emit3(cx, bce, pn->getOp(), ARGC_HI(argc), ARGC_LO(argc)) < 0)
        return false;
    CheckTypeSet(cx, bce, pn->getOp());
    if (pn->isOp(JSOP_EVAL)) {
        uint32_t lineNum = bce->parser->tokenStream.srcCoords.lineNum(pn->pn_pos.begin);
        EMIT_UINT16_IMM_OP(JSOP_LINENO, lineNum);
    }
    if (pn->pn_xflags & PNX_SETCALL) {
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_SETCALL) < 0)
            return false;
    }
    return true;
}

static bool
EmitLogical(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    /*
     * JSOP_OR converts the operand on the stack to boolean, leaves the original
     * value on the stack and jumps if true; otherwise it falls into the next
     * bytecode, which pops the left operand and then evaluates the right operand.
     * The jump goes around the right operand evaluation.
     *
     * JSOP_AND converts the operand on the stack to boolean and jumps if false;
     * otherwise it falls into the right operand's bytecode.
     */

    if (pn->isArity(PN_BINARY)) {
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn->pn_left))
            return false;
        ptrdiff_t top = EmitJump(cx, bce, JSOP_BACKPATCH, 0);
        if (top < 0)
            return false;
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
            return false;
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn->pn_right))
            return false;
        ptrdiff_t off = bce->offset();
        jsbytecode *pc = bce->code(top);
        SET_JUMP_OFFSET(pc, off - top);
        *pc = pn->getOp();
        return true;
    }

    JS_ASSERT(pn->isArity(PN_LIST));
    JS_ASSERT(pn->pn_head->pn_next->pn_next);

    /* Left-associative operator chain: avoid too much recursion. */
    ParseNode *pn2 = pn->pn_head;
    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn2))
        return false;
    ptrdiff_t top = EmitJump(cx, bce, JSOP_BACKPATCH, 0);
    if (top < 0)
        return false;
    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
        return false;

    /* Emit nodes between the head and the tail. */
    ptrdiff_t jmp = top;
    while ((pn2 = pn2->pn_next)->pn_next) {
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn2))
            return false;
        ptrdiff_t off = EmitJump(cx, bce, JSOP_BACKPATCH, 0);
        if (off < 0)
            return false;
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
            return false;
        SET_JUMP_OFFSET(bce->code(jmp), off - jmp);
        jmp = off;
    }
    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn2))
        return false;

    pn2 = pn->pn_head;
    ptrdiff_t off = bce->offset();
    do {
        jsbytecode *pc = bce->code(top);
        ptrdiff_t tmp = GET_JUMP_OFFSET(pc);
        SET_JUMP_OFFSET(pc, off - top);
        *pc = pn->getOp();
        top += tmp;
    } while ((pn2 = pn2->pn_next)->pn_next);

    return true;
}

/*
 * Using MOZ_NEVER_INLINE in here is a workaround for llvm.org/pr14047. See
 * the comment on EmitSwitch.
 */
MOZ_NEVER_INLINE static bool
EmitIncOrDec(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    /* Emit lvalue-specialized code for ++/-- operators. */
    ParseNode *pn2 = pn->pn_kid;
    switch (pn2->getKind()) {
      case PNK_DOT:
        if (!EmitPropIncDec(cx, pn, bce))
            return false;
        break;
      case PNK_ELEM:
        if (!EmitElemIncDec(cx, pn, bce))
            return false;
        break;
      case PNK_CALL:
        JS_ASSERT(pn2->pn_xflags & PNX_SETCALL);
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn2))
            return false;
        break;
      default:
        JS_ASSERT(pn2->isKind(PNK_NAME));
        pn2->setOp(JSOP_SETNAME);
        if (!BindNameToSlot(cx, bce, pn2))
            return false;
        JSOp op = pn2->getOp();
        bool maySet;
        switch (op) {
          case JSOP_SETLOCAL:
          case JSOP_SETARG:
          case JSOP_SETALIASEDVAR:
          case JSOP_SETNAME:
          case JSOP_SETGNAME:
            maySet = true;
            break;
          default:
            maySet = false;
        }
        if (op == JSOP_CALLEE) {
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, op) < 0)
                return false;
        } else if (!pn2->pn_cookie.isFree()) {
            if (maySet) {
                if (!EmitVarIncDec(cx, pn, bce))
                    return false;
            } else {
                if (!EmitVarOp(cx, pn2, op, bce))
                    return false;
            }
        } else {
            JS_ASSERT(JOF_OPTYPE(op) == JOF_ATOM);
            if (maySet) {
                if (!EmitNameIncDec(cx, pn, bce))
                    return false;
            } else {
                if (!EmitAtomOp(cx, pn2, op, bce))
                    return false;
            }
            break;
        }
        if (pn2->isConst()) {
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POS) < 0)
                return false;
            bool post;
            JSOp binop = GetIncDecInfo(pn->getKind(), &post);
            if (!post) {
                if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_ONE) < 0)
                    return false;
                if (Emit1(cx, bce, binop) < 0)
                    return false;
            }
        }
    }
    return true;
}

/*
 * Using MOZ_NEVER_INLINE in here is a workaround for llvm.org/pr14047. See
 * the comment on EmitSwitch.
 */
MOZ_NEVER_INLINE static bool
EmitLabel(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    /*
     * Emit a JSOP_LABEL instruction. The argument is the offset to the statement
     * following the labeled statement.
     */
    JSAtom *atom = pn->pn_atom;

    jsatomid index;
    if (!bce->makeAtomIndex(atom, &index))
        return false;

    ptrdiff_t top = EmitJump(cx, bce, JSOP_LABEL, 0);
    if (top < 0)
        return false;

    /* Emit code for the labeled statement. */
    StmtInfoBCE stmtInfo(cx);
    PushStatementBCE(bce, &stmtInfo, STMT_LABEL, bce->offset());
    stmtInfo.label = atom;
    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn->expr()))
        return false;
    if (!PopStatementBCE(cx, bce))
        return false;

    /* Patch the JSOP_LABEL offset. */
    SetJumpOffsetAt(bce, top);
    return true;
}

static bool
EmitSyntheticStatements(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn, ptrdiff_t top)
{
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isArity(PN_LIST));
    StmtInfoBCE stmtInfo(cx);
    PushStatementBCE(bce, &stmtInfo, STMT_SEQ, top);
    ParseNode *pn2 = pn->pn_head;
    if (pn->pn_xflags & PNX_DESTRUCT)
        pn2 = pn2->pn_next;
    for (; pn2; pn2 = pn2->pn_next) {
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn2))
            return false;
    }
    return PopStatementBCE(cx, bce);
}

static bool
EmitConditionalExpression(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ConditionalExpression &conditional)
{
    /* Emit the condition, then branch if false to the else part. */
    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, &conditional.condition()))
        return false;
    ptrdiff_t noteIndex = NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_COND);
    if (noteIndex < 0)
        return false;
    ptrdiff_t beq = EmitJump(cx, bce, JSOP_IFEQ, 0);
    if (beq < 0 || !EmitTree(cx, bce, &conditional.thenExpression()))
        return false;

    /* Jump around else, fixup the branch, emit else, fixup jump. */
    ptrdiff_t jmp = EmitJump(cx, bce, JSOP_GOTO, 0);
    if (jmp < 0)
        return false;
    SetJumpOffsetAt(bce, beq);

    /*
     * Because each branch pushes a single value, but our stack budgeting
     * analysis ignores branches, we now have to adjust bce->stackDepth to
     * ignore the value pushed by the first branch.  Execution will follow
     * only one path, so we must decrement bce->stackDepth.
     *
     * Failing to do this will foil code, such as let expression and block
     * code generation, which must use the stack depth to compute local
     * stack indexes correctly.
     */
    JS_ASSERT(bce->stackDepth > 0);
    bce->stackDepth--;
    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, &conditional.elseExpression()))
        return false;
    SetJumpOffsetAt(bce, jmp);
    return SetSrcNoteOffset(cx, bce, noteIndex, 0, jmp - beq);
}

/*
 * Using MOZ_NEVER_INLINE in here is a workaround for llvm.org/pr14047. See
 * the comment on EmitSwitch.
 */
MOZ_NEVER_INLINE static bool
EmitObject(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
#if JS_HAS_DESTRUCTURING_SHORTHAND
    if (pn->pn_xflags & PNX_DESTRUCT) {
        bce->reportError(pn, JSMSG_BAD_OBJECT_INIT);
        return false;
    }
#endif

    if (!(pn->pn_xflags & PNX_NONCONST) && pn->pn_head && bce->checkSingletonContext())
        return EmitSingletonInitialiser(cx, bce, pn);

    /*
     * Emit code for {p:a, '%q':b, 2:c} that is equivalent to constructing
     * a new object and in source order evaluating each property value and
     * adding the property to the object, without invoking latent setters.
     * We use the JSOP_NEWINIT and JSOP_INITELEM/JSOP_INITPROP bytecodes to
     * ignore setters and to avoid dup'ing and popping the object as each
     * property is added, as JSOP_SETELEM/JSOP_SETPROP would do.
     */
    ptrdiff_t offset = bce->offset();
    if (!EmitNewInit(cx, bce, JSProto_Object, pn))
        return false;

    /*
     * Try to construct the shape of the object as we go, so we can emit a
     * JSOP_NEWOBJECT with the final shape instead.
     */
    RootedObject obj(cx);
    if (bce->script->compileAndGo) {
        gc::AllocKind kind = GuessObjectGCKind(pn->pn_count);
        obj = NewBuiltinClassInstance(cx, &ObjectClass, kind);
        if (!obj)
            return false;
    }

    for (ParseNode *pn2 = pn->pn_head; pn2; pn2 = pn2->pn_next) {
        /* Emit an index for t[2] for later consumption by JSOP_INITELEM. */
        ParseNode *pn3 = pn2->pn_left;
        if (pn3->isKind(PNK_NUMBER)) {
            if (!EmitNumberOp(cx, pn3->pn_dval, bce))
                return false;
        }

        /* Emit code for the property initializer. */
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn2->pn_right))
            return false;

        JSOp op = pn2->getOp();
        JS_ASSERT(op == JSOP_INITPROP ||
                  op == JSOP_INITPROP_GETTER ||
                  op == JSOP_INITPROP_SETTER);

        if (op == JSOP_INITPROP_GETTER || op == JSOP_INITPROP_SETTER)
            obj = NULL;

        if (pn3->isKind(PNK_NUMBER)) {
            obj = NULL;
            switch (op) {
              case JSOP_INITPROP:        op = JSOP_INITELEM;        break;
              case JSOP_INITPROP_GETTER: op = JSOP_INITELEM_GETTER; break;
              case JSOP_INITPROP_SETTER: op = JSOP_INITELEM_SETTER; break;
              default: JS_NOT_REACHED("Invalid op");
            }
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, op) < 0)
                return false;
        } else {
            JS_ASSERT(pn3->isKind(PNK_NAME) || pn3->isKind(PNK_STRING));
            jsatomid index;
            if (!bce->makeAtomIndex(pn3->pn_atom, &index))
                return false;

            /*
             * Disable NEWOBJECT on initializers that set __proto__, which has
             * a non-standard setter on objects.
             */
            if (pn3->pn_atom == cx->names().proto)
                obj = NULL;

            if (obj) {
                JS_ASSERT(!obj->inDictionaryMode());
                Rooted<jsid> id(cx, AtomToId(pn3->pn_atom));
                RootedValue undefinedValue(cx, UndefinedValue());
                if (!DefineNativeProperty(cx, obj, id, undefinedValue, NULL, NULL,
                                          JSPROP_ENUMERATE, 0, 0))
                {
                    return false;
                }
                if (obj->inDictionaryMode())
                    obj = NULL;
            }

            if (!EmitIndex32(cx, op, index, bce))
                return false;
        }
    }

    if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_ENDINIT) < 0)
        return false;

    if (obj) {
        /*
         * The object survived and has a predictable shape: update the original
         * bytecode.
         */
        ObjectBox *objbox = bce->parser->newObjectBox(obj);
        if (!objbox)
            return false;
        unsigned index = bce->objectList.add(objbox);
        MOZ_STATIC_ASSERT(JSOP_NEWINIT_LENGTH == JSOP_NEWOBJECT_LENGTH,
                          "newinit and newobject must have equal length to edit in-place");
        EMIT_UINT32_IN_PLACE(offset, JSOP_NEWOBJECT, uint32_t(index));
    }

    return true;
}

static bool
EmitArray(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    /*
     * Emit code for [a, b, c] that is equivalent to constructing a new
     * array and in source order evaluating each element value and adding
     * it to the array, without invoking latent setters.  We use the
     * JSOP_NEWINIT and JSOP_INITELEM_ARRAY bytecodes to ignore setters and
     * to avoid dup'ing and popping the array as each element is added, as
     * JSOP_SETELEM/JSOP_SETPROP would do.
     */

#if JS_HAS_GENERATORS
    if (pn->isKind(PNK_ARRAYCOMP)) {
        if (!EmitNewInit(cx, bce, JSProto_Array, pn))
            return false;

        /*
         * Pass the new array's stack index to the PNK_ARRAYPUSH case via
         * bce->arrayCompDepth, then simply traverse the PNK_FOR node and
         * its kids under pn2 to generate this comprehension.
         */
        JS_ASSERT(bce->stackDepth > 0);
        unsigned saveDepth = bce->arrayCompDepth;
        bce->arrayCompDepth = (uint32_t) (bce->stackDepth - 1);
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn->pn_head))
            return false;
        bce->arrayCompDepth = saveDepth;

        /* Emit the usual op needed for decompilation. */
        return Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_ENDINIT) >= 0;
    }
#endif /* JS_HAS_GENERATORS */

    if (!(pn->pn_xflags & PNX_NONCONST) && pn->pn_head && bce->checkSingletonContext())
        return EmitSingletonInitialiser(cx, bce, pn);

    int32_t nspread = 0;
    for (ParseNode *elt = pn->pn_head; elt; elt = elt->pn_next) {
        if (elt->isKind(PNK_SPREAD))
            nspread++;
    }

    ptrdiff_t off = EmitN(cx, bce, JSOP_NEWARRAY, 3);
    if (off < 0)
        return false;
    CheckTypeSet(cx, bce, JSOP_NEWARRAY);
    jsbytecode *pc = bce->code(off);

    // For arrays with spread, this is a very pessimistic allocation, the
    // minimum possible final size.
    SET_UINT24(pc, pn->pn_count - nspread);

    ParseNode *pn2 = pn->pn_head;
    jsatomid atomIndex;
    if (nspread && !EmitNumberOp(cx, 0, bce))
        return false;
    for (atomIndex = 0; pn2; atomIndex++, pn2 = pn2->pn_next) {
        if (pn2->isKind(PNK_COMMA) && pn2->isArity(PN_NULLARY)) {
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_HOLE) < 0)
                return false;
        } else {
            ParseNode *expr = pn2->isKind(PNK_SPREAD) ? pn2->pn_kid : pn2;
            if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, expr))
                return false;
        }
        if (pn2->isKind(PNK_SPREAD)) {
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_SPREAD) < 0)
                return false;
        } else if (nspread) {
            if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_INITELEM_INC) < 0)
                return false;
        } else {
            off = EmitN(cx, bce, JSOP_INITELEM_ARRAY, 3);
            if (off < 0)
                return false;
            SET_UINT24(bce->code(off), atomIndex);
        }
    }
    JS_ASSERT(atomIndex == pn->pn_count);
    if (nspread) {
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
            return false;
    }

    /* Emit an op to finish the array and aid in decompilation. */
    return Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_ENDINIT) >= 0;
}

static bool
EmitUnary(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    if (!UpdateSourceCoordNotes(cx, bce, pn->pn_pos.begin))
        return false;
    /* Unary op, including unary +/-. */
    JSOp op = pn->getOp();
    ParseNode *pn2 = pn->pn_kid;

    if (op == JSOP_TYPEOF && !pn2->isKind(PNK_NAME))
        op = JSOP_TYPEOFEXPR;

    bool oldEmittingForInit = bce->emittingForInit;
    bce->emittingForInit = false;
    if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, pn2))
        return false;

    bce->emittingForInit = oldEmittingForInit;
    return Emit1(cx, bce, op) >= 0;
}

static bool
EmitDefaults(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    JS_ASSERT(pn->isKind(PNK_ARGSBODY));

    ParseNode *arg, *pnlast = pn->last();
    for (arg = pn->pn_head; arg != pnlast; arg = arg->pn_next) {
        if (!(arg->pn_dflags & PND_DEFAULT) || !arg->isKind(PNK_NAME))
            continue;
        if (!BindNameToSlot(cx, bce, arg))
            return false;
        if (!EmitVarOp(cx, arg, JSOP_GETARG, bce))
            return false;
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_UNDEFINED) < 0)
            return false;
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_STRICTEQ) < 0)
            return false;
        // Emit source note to enable ion compilation.
        if (NewSrcNote(cx, bce, SRC_IF) < 0)
            return false;
        ptrdiff_t jump = EmitJump(cx, bce, JSOP_IFEQ, 0);
        if (jump < 0)
            return false;
        if (!EmitTree(cx, bce, arg->expr()))
            return false;
        if (!EmitVarOp(cx, arg, JSOP_SETARG, bce))
            return false;
        if (Emit1(cx, bce, JSOP_POP) < 0)
            return false;
        SET_JUMP_OFFSET(bce->code(jump), bce->offset() - jump);
    }

    return true;
}

bool
frontend::EmitTree(JSContext *cx, BytecodeEmitter *bce, ParseNode *pn)
{
    JS_CHECK_RECURSION(cx, return false);

    EmitLevelManager elm(bce);

    bool ok = true;
    ptrdiff_t top = bce->offset();
    pn->pn_offset = top;

    /* Emit notes to tell the current bytecode's source line number. */
    if (!UpdateLineNumberNotes(cx, bce, pn->pn_pos.begin))