mozglue/build/Nuwa.cpp
author Jim Blandy <jimb@mozilla.com>
Tue, 24 Jun 2014 22:12:07 -0700
changeset 199513 69d61e42d5dfbf4588b72449249ff3e7f2125304
parent 198887 20c915f8f7620777462ab02e9740899e6c0f2b8b
child 199527 c6574383501aa7c6104204b9519f76dbb9eefa13
permissions -rw-r--r--
Bug 914753: Make Emacs file variable header lines correct, or at least consistent. DONTBUILD r=ehsan The -*- file variable lines -*- establish per-file settings that Emacs will pick up. This patch makes the following changes to those lines (and touches nothing else): - Never set the buffer's mode. Years ago, Emacs did not have a good JavaScript mode, so it made sense to use Java or C++ mode in .js files. However, Emacs has had js-mode for years now; it's perfectly serviceable, and is available and enabled by default in all major Emacs packagings. Selecting a mode in the -*- file variable line -*- is almost always the wrong thing to do anyway. It overrides Emacs's default choice, which is (now) reasonable; and even worse, it overrides settings the user might have made in their '.emacs' file for that file extension. It's only useful when there's something specific about that particular file that makes a particular mode appropriate. - Correctly propagate settings that establish the correct indentation level for this file: c-basic-offset and js2-basic-offset should be js-indent-level. Whatever value they're given should be preserved; different parts of our tree use different indentation styles. - We don't use tabs in Mozilla JS code. Always set indent-tabs-mode: nil. Remove tab-width: settings, at least in files that don't contain tab characters. - Remove js2-mode settings that belong in the user's .emacs file, like js2-skip-preprocessor-directives.

/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 2; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this file,
 * You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#include <map>
#include <memory>

#include <dlfcn.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <setjmp.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <poll.h>
#include <pthread.h>
#include <alloca.h>
#include <sys/epoll.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/prctl.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/syscall.h>
#include <vector>

#include "mozilla/LinkedList.h"
#include "mozilla/TaggedAnonymousMemory.h"
#include "Nuwa.h"

using namespace mozilla;

extern "C" MFBT_API int tgkill(pid_t tgid, pid_t tid, int signalno) {
  return syscall(__NR_tgkill, tgid, tid, signalno);
}

/**
 * Provides the wrappers to a selected set of pthread and system-level functions
 * as the basis for implementing Zygote-like preforking mechanism.
 */

/**
 * Real functions for the wrappers.
 */
extern "C" {
#pragma GCC visibility push(default)
int __real_pthread_create(pthread_t *thread,
                          const pthread_attr_t *attr,
                          void *(*start_routine) (void *),
                          void *arg);
int __real_pthread_key_create(pthread_key_t *key, void (*destructor)(void*));
int __real_pthread_key_delete(pthread_key_t key);
pthread_t __real_pthread_self();
int __real_pthread_join(pthread_t thread, void **retval);
int __real_epoll_wait(int epfd,
                      struct epoll_event *events,
                      int maxevents,
                      int timeout);
int __real_pthread_cond_wait(pthread_cond_t *cond, pthread_mutex_t *mtx);
int __real_pthread_cond_timedwait(pthread_cond_t *cond,
                                  pthread_mutex_t *mtx,
                                  const struct timespec *abstime);
int __real___pthread_cond_timedwait(pthread_cond_t *cond,
                                    pthread_mutex_t *mtx,
                                    const struct timespec *abstime,
                                    clockid_t clock);
int __real_pthread_mutex_lock(pthread_mutex_t *mtx);
int __real_poll(struct pollfd *fds, nfds_t nfds, int timeout);
int __real_epoll_create(int size);
int __real_socketpair(int domain, int type, int protocol, int sv[2]);
int __real_pipe2(int __pipedes[2], int flags);
int __real_pipe(int __pipedes[2]);
int __real_epoll_ctl(int aEpollFd, int aOp, int aFd, struct epoll_event *aEvent);
int __real_close(int aFd);
#pragma GCC visibility pop
}

#define REAL(s) __real_##s

/**
 * A Nuwa process is started by preparing.  After preparing, it waits
 * for all threads becoming frozen. Then, it is ready while all
 * threads are frozen.
 */
static bool sIsNuwaProcess = false; // This process is a Nuwa process.
static bool sIsFreezing = false; // Waiting for all threads getting frozen.
static bool sNuwaReady = false;  // Nuwa process is ready.
static bool sNuwaPendingSpawn = false; // Are there any pending spawn requests?
static bool sNuwaForking = false;

// Fds of transports of top level protocols.
static NuwaProtoFdInfo sProtoFdInfos[NUWA_TOPLEVEL_MAX];
static int sProtoFdInfosSize = 0;

template <typename T>
struct LibcAllocator: public std::allocator<T>
{
  LibcAllocator()
  {
    void* libcHandle = dlopen("libc.so", RTLD_LAZY);
    mMallocImpl = reinterpret_cast<void*(*)(size_t)>(dlsym(libcHandle, "malloc"));
    mFreeImpl = reinterpret_cast<void(*)(void*)>(dlsym(libcHandle, "free"));

    if (!(mMallocImpl && mFreeImpl)) {
      // libc should be available, or we'll deadlock in using TLSInfoList.
      abort();
    }
  }

  inline typename std::allocator<T>::pointer
  allocate(typename std::allocator<T>::size_type n,
           const void * = 0)
  {
    return reinterpret_cast<T *>(mMallocImpl(sizeof(T) * n));
  }

  inline void
  deallocate(typename std::allocator<T>::pointer p,
             typename std::allocator<T>::size_type n)
  {
    mFreeImpl(p);
  }

  template<typename U>
  struct rebind
  {
    typedef LibcAllocator<U> other;
  };
private:
  void* (*mMallocImpl)(size_t);
  void (*mFreeImpl)(void*);
};

/**
 * TLSInfoList should use malloc() and free() in libc to avoid the deadlock that
 * jemalloc calls into __wrap_pthread_mutex_lock() and then deadlocks while
 * the same thread already acquired sThreadCountLock.
 */
typedef std::vector<std::pair<pthread_key_t, void *>,
                    LibcAllocator<std::pair<pthread_key_t, void *> > >
TLSInfoList;

/**
 * Return the system's page size
 */
static size_t getPageSize(void) {
#ifdef HAVE_GETPAGESIZE
  return getpagesize();
#elif defined(_SC_PAGESIZE)
  return sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
#elif defined(PAGE_SIZE)
  return PAGE_SIZE;
#else
  #warning "Hard-coding page size to 4096 bytes"
  return 4096
#endif
}

/**
 * The stack size is chosen carefully so the frozen threads doesn't consume too
 * much memory in the Nuwa process. The threads shouldn't run deep recursive
 * methods or do large allocations on the stack to avoid stack overflow.
 */
#ifndef NUWA_STACK_SIZE
#define NUWA_STACK_SIZE (1024 * 128)
#endif

#define NATIVE_THREAD_NAME_LENGTH 16

struct thread_info : public mozilla::LinkedListElement<thread_info> {
  pthread_t origThreadID;
  pthread_t recreatedThreadID;
  pthread_attr_t threadAttr;
  jmp_buf jmpEnv;
  jmp_buf retEnv;

  int flags;

  void *(*startupFunc)(void *arg);
  void *startupArg;

  // The thread specific function to recreate the new thread. It's executed
  // after the thread is recreated.
  void (*recrFunc)(void *arg);
  void *recrArg;

  TLSInfoList tlsInfo;

  pthread_mutex_t *reacquireMutex;
  void *stk;

  pid_t origNativeThreadID;
  pid_t recreatedNativeThreadID;
  char nativeThreadName[NATIVE_THREAD_NAME_LENGTH];
};

typedef struct thread_info thread_info_t;

static thread_info_t *sCurrentRecreatingThread = nullptr;

/**
 * This function runs the custom recreation function registered when calling
 * NuwaMarkCurrentThread() after thread stack is restored.
 */
static void
RunCustomRecreation() {
  thread_info_t *tinfo = sCurrentRecreatingThread;
  if (tinfo->recrFunc != nullptr) {
    tinfo->recrFunc(tinfo->recrArg);
  }
}

/**
 * Every thread should be marked as either TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_SUPPORT or
 * TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_SKIP, or it means a potential error.  We force
 * Gecko code to mark every single thread to make sure there are no accidents
 * when recreating threads with Nuwa.
 *
 * Threads marked as TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_SUPPORT can be checkpointed explicitly, by
 * calling NuwaCheckpointCurrentThread(), or implicitly when they call into wrapped
 * functions like pthread_mutex_lock(), epoll_wait(), etc.
 * TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_EXPLICIT_CHECKPOINT denotes the explicitly checkpointed thread.
 */
#define TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_SUPPORT 0x1
#define TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_SKIP 0x2
#define TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_EXPLICIT_CHECKPOINT 0x4

typedef struct nuwa_construct {
  void (*construct)(void *);
  void *arg;
} nuwa_construct_t;

static std::vector<nuwa_construct_t> sConstructors;
static std::vector<nuwa_construct_t> sFinalConstructors;

typedef std::map<pthread_key_t, void (*)(void *)> TLSKeySet;
static TLSKeySet sTLSKeys;

/**
 * This mutex is used to block the running threads and freeze their contexts.
 * PrepareNuwaProcess() is the first one to acquire the lock. Further attempts
 * to acquire this mutex (in the freeze point macros) will block and freeze the
 * calling thread.
 */
static pthread_mutex_t sThreadFreezeLock = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;

static thread_info_t sMainThread;
static LinkedList<thread_info_t> sAllThreads;
static int sThreadCount = 0;
static int sThreadFreezeCount = 0;
/**
 * This mutex protects the access to thread info:
 * sAllThreads, sThreadCount, sThreadFreezeCount, sRecreateVIPCount.
 */
static pthread_mutex_t sThreadCountLock = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
/**
 * This condition variable lets MakeNuwaProcess() wait until all recreated
 * threads are frozen.
 */
static pthread_cond_t sThreadChangeCond = PTHREAD_COND_INITIALIZER;

/**
 * This mutex and condition variable is used to serialize the fork requests
 * from the parent process.
 */
static pthread_mutex_t sForkLock = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
static pthread_cond_t sForkWaitCond = PTHREAD_COND_INITIALIZER;

/**
 * sForkWaitCondChanged will be reset to false on the IPC thread before
 * and will be changed to true on the main thread to indicate that the condition
 * that the IPC thread is waiting for has already changed.
 */
static bool sForkWaitCondChanged = false;

/**
 * This mutex protects the access to sTLSKeys, which keeps track of existing
 * TLS Keys.
 */
static pthread_mutex_t sTLSKeyLock = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
static int sThreadSkipCount = 0;

static thread_info_t *
GetThreadInfoInner(pthread_t threadID) {
  for (thread_info_t *tinfo = sAllThreads.getFirst();
       tinfo;
       tinfo = tinfo->getNext()) {
    if (pthread_equal(tinfo->origThreadID, threadID)) {
      return tinfo;
    }
  }

  return nullptr;
}

/**
 * Get thread info using the specified thread ID.
 *
 * @return thread_info_t which has threadID == specified threadID
 */
static thread_info_t *
GetThreadInfo(pthread_t threadID) {
  if (sIsNuwaProcess) {
    REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadCountLock);
  }
  thread_info_t *tinfo = GetThreadInfoInner(threadID);
  if (sIsNuwaProcess) {
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&sThreadCountLock);
  }
  return tinfo;
}

/**
 * Get thread info using the specified native thread ID.
 *
 * @return thread_info_t with nativeThreadID == specified threadID
 */
static thread_info_t*
GetThreadInfo(pid_t threadID) {
  if (sIsNuwaProcess) {
    REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadCountLock);
  }
  thread_info_t *thrinfo = nullptr;
  for (thread_info_t *tinfo = sAllThreads.getFirst();
       tinfo;
       tinfo = tinfo->getNext()) {
    if (tinfo->origNativeThreadID == threadID) {
      thrinfo = tinfo;
      break;
    }
  }
  if (sIsNuwaProcess) {
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&sThreadCountLock);
  }

  return thrinfo;
}

#if !defined(HAVE_THREAD_TLS_KEYWORD)
/**
 * Get thread info of the current thread.
 *
 * @return thread_info_t for the current thread.
 */
static thread_info_t *
GetCurThreadInfo() {
  pthread_t threadID = REAL(pthread_self)();
  pthread_t thread_info_t::*threadIDptr =
      (sIsNuwaProcess ?
         &thread_info_t::origThreadID :
         &thread_info_t::recreatedThreadID);

  REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadCountLock);
  thread_info_t *tinfo;
  for (tinfo = sAllThreads.getFirst();
       tinfo;
       tinfo = tinfo->getNext()) {
    if (pthread_equal(tinfo->*threadIDptr, threadID)) {
      break;
    }
  }
  pthread_mutex_unlock(&sThreadCountLock);
  return tinfo;
}
#define CUR_THREAD_INFO GetCurThreadInfo()
#define SET_THREAD_INFO(x) /* Nothing to do. */
#else
// Is not nullptr only for threads created by pthread_create() in an Nuwa process.
// It is always nullptr for the main thread.
static __thread thread_info_t *sCurThreadInfo = nullptr;
#define CUR_THREAD_INFO sCurThreadInfo
#define SET_THREAD_INFO(x) do { sCurThreadInfo = (x); } while(0)
#endif  // HAVE_THREAD_TLS_KEYWORD

/*
 * Track all epoll fds and handling events.
 */
class EpollManager {
public:
  class EpollInfo {
  public:
    typedef struct epoll_event Events;
    typedef std::map<int, Events> EpollEventsMap;
    typedef EpollEventsMap::iterator iterator;
    typedef EpollEventsMap::const_iterator const_iterator;

    EpollInfo(): mBackSize(0) {}
    EpollInfo(int aBackSize): mBackSize(aBackSize) {}
    EpollInfo(const EpollInfo &aOther): mEvents(aOther.mEvents)
                                      , mBackSize(aOther.mBackSize) {
    }
    ~EpollInfo() {
      mEvents.clear();
    }

    void AddEvents(int aFd, Events &aEvents) {
      std::pair<iterator, bool> pair =
        mEvents.insert(std::make_pair(aFd, aEvents));
      if (!pair.second) {
        abort();
      }
    }

    void RemoveEvents(int aFd) {
      if (!mEvents.erase(aFd)) {
        abort();
      }
    }

    void ModifyEvents(int aFd, Events &aEvents) {
      iterator it = mEvents.find(aFd);
      if (it == mEvents.end()) {
        abort();
      }
      it->second = aEvents;
    }

    const Events &FindEvents(int aFd) const {
      const_iterator it = mEvents.find(aFd);
      if (it == mEvents.end()) {
        abort();
      }
      return it->second;
    }

    int Size() const { return mEvents.size(); }

    // Iterator with values of <fd, Events> pairs.
    const_iterator begin() const { return mEvents.begin(); }
    const_iterator end() const { return mEvents.end(); }

    int BackSize() const { return mBackSize; }

  private:
    EpollEventsMap mEvents;
    int mBackSize;

    friend class EpollManager;
  };

  typedef std::map<int, EpollInfo> EpollInfoMap;
  typedef EpollInfoMap::iterator iterator;
  typedef EpollInfoMap::const_iterator const_iterator;

public:
  void AddEpollInfo(int aEpollFd, int aBackSize) {
    EpollInfo *oldinfo = FindEpollInfo(aEpollFd);
    if (oldinfo != nullptr) {
      abort();
    }
    mEpollFdsInfo[aEpollFd] = EpollInfo(aBackSize);
  }

  EpollInfo *FindEpollInfo(int aEpollFd) {
    iterator it = mEpollFdsInfo.find(aEpollFd);
    if (it == mEpollFdsInfo.end()) {
      return nullptr;
    }
    return &it->second;
  }

  void RemoveEpollInfo(int aEpollFd) {
    if (!mEpollFdsInfo.erase(aEpollFd)) {
      abort();
    }
  }

  int Size() const { return mEpollFdsInfo.size(); }

  // Iterator of <epollfd, EpollInfo> pairs.
  const_iterator begin() const { return mEpollFdsInfo.begin(); }
  const_iterator end() const { return mEpollFdsInfo.end(); }

  static EpollManager *Singleton() {
    if (!sInstance) {
      sInstance = new EpollManager();
    }
    return sInstance;
  }

  static void Shutdown() {
    if (!sInstance) {
      abort();
    }

    delete sInstance;
    sInstance = nullptr;
  }

private:
  static EpollManager *sInstance;
  ~EpollManager() {
    mEpollFdsInfo.clear();
  }

  EpollInfoMap mEpollFdsInfo;

  EpollManager() {}
};

EpollManager* EpollManager::sInstance;

static thread_info_t *
thread_info_new(void) {
  /* link tinfo to sAllThreads */
  thread_info_t *tinfo = new thread_info_t();
  tinfo->flags = 0;
  tinfo->recrFunc = nullptr;
  tinfo->recrArg = nullptr;
  tinfo->recreatedThreadID = 0;
  tinfo->recreatedNativeThreadID = 0;
  tinfo->reacquireMutex = nullptr;
  tinfo->stk = MozTaggedAnonymousMmap(nullptr,
                                      NUWA_STACK_SIZE + getPageSize(),
                                      PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
                                      MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS,
                                      /* fd */ -1,
                                      /* offset */ 0,
                                      "nuwa-thread-stack");

  // We use a smaller stack size. Add protection to stack overflow: mprotect()
  // stack top (the page at the lowest address) so we crash instead of corrupt
  // other content that is malloc()'d.
  mprotect(tinfo->stk, getPageSize(), PROT_NONE);

  pthread_attr_init(&tinfo->threadAttr);

  REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadCountLock);
  // Insert to the tail.
  sAllThreads.insertBack(tinfo);

  sThreadCount++;
  pthread_cond_signal(&sThreadChangeCond);
  pthread_mutex_unlock(&sThreadCountLock);

  return tinfo;
}

static void
thread_info_cleanup(void *arg) {
  if (sNuwaForking) {
    // We shouldn't have any thread exiting when we are forking a new process.
    abort();
  }

  thread_info_t *tinfo = (thread_info_t *)arg;
  pthread_attr_destroy(&tinfo->threadAttr);

  munmap(tinfo->stk, NUWA_STACK_SIZE + getPageSize());

  REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadCountLock);
  /* unlink tinfo from sAllThreads */
  tinfo->remove();
  pthread_mutex_unlock(&sThreadCountLock);

  // while sThreadCountLock is held, since delete calls wrapped functions
  // which try to lock sThreadCountLock. This results in deadlock. And we
  // need to delete |tinfo| before decreasing sThreadCount, so Nuwa won't
  // get ready before tinfo is cleaned.
  delete tinfo;

  REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadCountLock);
  sThreadCount--;
  pthread_cond_signal(&sThreadChangeCond);
  pthread_mutex_unlock(&sThreadCountLock);
}

static void*
cleaner_thread(void *arg) {
  thread_info_t *tinfo = (thread_info_t *)arg;
  pthread_t *thread = sIsNuwaProcess ? &tinfo->origThreadID
                                     : &tinfo->recreatedThreadID;
  // Wait until target thread end.
  while (!pthread_kill(*thread, 0)) {
    sched_yield();
  }
  thread_info_cleanup(tinfo);
  return nullptr;
}

static void
thread_cleanup(void *arg) {
  pthread_t thread;
  REAL(pthread_create)(&thread, nullptr, &cleaner_thread, arg);
  pthread_detach(thread);
}

static void *
_thread_create_startup(void *arg) {
  thread_info_t *tinfo = (thread_info_t *)arg;
  void *r;

  // Save thread info; especially, stackaddr & stacksize.
  // Reuse the stack in the new thread.
  pthread_getattr_np(REAL(pthread_self)(), &tinfo->threadAttr);

  SET_THREAD_INFO(tinfo);
  tinfo->origThreadID = REAL(pthread_self)();
  tinfo->origNativeThreadID = gettid();

  pthread_cleanup_push(thread_cleanup, tinfo);

  r = tinfo->startupFunc(tinfo->startupArg);

  if (!sIsNuwaProcess) {
    return r;
  }

  pthread_cleanup_pop(1);

  return r;
}

// reserve STACK_RESERVED_SZ * 4 bytes for thread_recreate_startup().
#define STACK_RESERVED_SZ 64
#define STACK_SENTINEL(v) ((v)[0])
#define STACK_SENTINEL_VALUE(v) ((uint32_t)(v) ^ 0xdeadbeef)

static void *
thread_create_startup(void *arg) {
  /*
   * Dark Art!! Never try to do the same unless you are ABSOLUTELY sure of
   * what you are doing!
   *
   * This function is here for reserving stack space before calling
   * _thread_create_startup().  see also thread_create_startup();
   */
  void *r;
  volatile uint32_t reserved[STACK_RESERVED_SZ];

  // Reserve stack space.
  STACK_SENTINEL(reserved) = STACK_SENTINEL_VALUE(reserved);

  r = _thread_create_startup(arg);

  // Check if the reservation is enough.
  if (STACK_SENTINEL(reserved) != STACK_SENTINEL_VALUE(reserved)) {
    abort();                    // Did not reserve enough stack space.
  }

  thread_info_t *tinfo = CUR_THREAD_INFO;
  if (!sIsNuwaProcess) {
    longjmp(tinfo->retEnv, 1);

    // Never go here!
    abort();
  }

  return r;
}

extern "C" MFBT_API int
__wrap_pthread_create(pthread_t *thread,
                      const pthread_attr_t *attr,
                      void *(*start_routine) (void *),
                      void *arg) {
  if (!sIsNuwaProcess) {
    return REAL(pthread_create)(thread, attr, start_routine, arg);
  }

  thread_info_t *tinfo = thread_info_new();
  tinfo->startupFunc = start_routine;
  tinfo->startupArg = arg;
  pthread_attr_setstack(&tinfo->threadAttr,
                        (char*)tinfo->stk + getPageSize(),
                        NUWA_STACK_SIZE);

  int rv = REAL(pthread_create)(thread,
                                &tinfo->threadAttr,
                                thread_create_startup,
                                tinfo);
  if (rv) {
    thread_info_cleanup(tinfo);
  } else {
    tinfo->origThreadID = *thread;
  }

  return rv;
}

// TLS related

/**
 * Iterates over the existing TLS keys and store the TLS data for the current
 * thread in tinfo.
 */
static void
SaveTLSInfo(thread_info_t *tinfo) {
  REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sTLSKeyLock);
  tinfo->tlsInfo.clear();
  for (TLSKeySet::const_iterator it = sTLSKeys.begin();
       it != sTLSKeys.end();
       it++) {
    void *value = pthread_getspecific(it->first);
    if (value == nullptr) {
      continue;
    }

    pthread_key_t key = it->first;
    tinfo->tlsInfo.push_back(TLSInfoList::value_type(key, value));
  }
  pthread_mutex_unlock(&sTLSKeyLock);
}

/**
 * Restores the TLS data for the current thread from tinfo.
 */
static void
RestoreTLSInfo(thread_info_t *tinfo) {
  for (TLSInfoList::const_iterator it = tinfo->tlsInfo.begin();
       it != tinfo->tlsInfo.end();
       it++) {
    pthread_key_t key = it->first;
    const void *value = it->second;
    if (pthread_setspecific(key, value)) {
      abort();
    }
  }

  SET_THREAD_INFO(tinfo);
  tinfo->recreatedThreadID = REAL(pthread_self)();
  tinfo->recreatedNativeThreadID = gettid();
}

extern "C" MFBT_API int
__wrap_pthread_key_create(pthread_key_t *key, void (*destructor)(void*)) {
  int rv = REAL(pthread_key_create)(key, destructor);
  if (rv != 0) {
    return rv;
  }
  REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sTLSKeyLock);
  sTLSKeys.insert(TLSKeySet::value_type(*key, destructor));
  pthread_mutex_unlock(&sTLSKeyLock);
  return 0;
}

extern "C" MFBT_API int
__wrap_pthread_key_delete(pthread_key_t key) {
  if (!sIsNuwaProcess) {
    return REAL(pthread_key_delete)(key);
  }
  int rv = REAL(pthread_key_delete)(key);
  if (rv != 0) {
    return rv;
  }
  REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sTLSKeyLock);
  sTLSKeys.erase(key);
  pthread_mutex_unlock(&sTLSKeyLock);
  return 0;
}

extern "C" MFBT_API pthread_t
__wrap_pthread_self() {
  thread_info_t *tinfo = CUR_THREAD_INFO;
  if (tinfo) {
    // For recreated thread, masquerade as the original thread in the Nuwa
    // process.
    return tinfo->origThreadID;
  }
  return REAL(pthread_self)();
}

extern "C" MFBT_API int
__wrap_pthread_join(pthread_t thread, void **retval) {
  thread_info_t *tinfo = GetThreadInfo(thread);
  if (tinfo == nullptr) {
    return REAL(pthread_join)(thread, retval);
  }
  // pthread_join() need to use the real thread ID in the spawned process.
  return REAL(pthread_join)(tinfo->recreatedThreadID, retval);
}

/**
 * The following are used to synchronize between the main thread and the
 * thread being recreated. The main thread will wait until the thread is woken
 * up from the freeze points or the blocking intercepted functions and then
 * proceed to recreate the next frozen thread.
 *
 * In thread recreation, the main thread recreates the frozen threads one by
 * one. The recreated threads will be "gated" until the main thread "opens the
 * gate" to let them run freely as if they were created from scratch. The VIP
 * threads gets the chance to run first after their thread stacks are recreated
 * (using longjmp()) so they can adjust their contexts to a valid, consistent
 * state. The threads frozen waiting for pthread condition variables are VIP
 * threads. After woken up they need to run first to make the associated mutex
 * in a valid state to maintain the semantics of the intercepted function calls
 * (like pthread_cond_wait()).
 */

// Used to synchronize the main thread and the thread being recreated so that
// only one thread is allowed to be recreated at a time.
static pthread_mutex_t sRecreateWaitLock = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
// Used to block recreated threads until the main thread "opens the gate".
static pthread_mutex_t sRecreateGateLock = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
// Used to block the main thread from "opening the gate" until all VIP threads
// have been recreated.
static pthread_mutex_t sRecreateVIPGateLock = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
static pthread_cond_t sRecreateVIPCond = PTHREAD_COND_INITIALIZER;
static int sRecreateVIPCount = 0;
static int sRecreateGatePassed = 0;

/**
 * Thread recreation macros.
 *
 * The following macros are used in the forked process to synchronize and
 * control the progress of thread recreation.
 *
 * 1. RECREATE_START() is first called in the beginning of thread
 *    recreation to set sRecreateWaitLock and sRecreateGateLock in locked
 *    state.
 * 2. For each frozen thread:
 *    2.1. RECREATE_BEFORE() to set the thread being recreated.
 *    2.2. thread_recreate() to recreate the frozen thread.
 *    2.3. Main thread calls RECREATE_WAIT() to wait on sRecreateWaitLock until
 *         the thread is recreated from the freeze point and calls
 *         RECREATE_CONTINUE() to release sRecreateWaitLock.
 *    2.3. Non-VIP threads are blocked on RECREATE_GATE(). VIP threads calls
 *         RECREATE_PASS_VIP() to mark that a VIP thread is successfully
 *         recreated and then is blocked by calling RECREATE_GATE_VIP().
 * 3. RECREATE_WAIT_ALL_VIP() to wait until all VIP threads passed, that is,
 *    VIP threads already has their contexts (mainly pthread mutex) in a valid
 *    state.
 * 4. RECREATE_OPEN_GATE() to unblock threads blocked by sRecreateGateLock.
 * 5. RECREATE_FINISH() to complete thread recreation.
 */
#define RECREATE_START()                          \
  do {                                            \
    REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sRecreateWaitLock); \
    REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sRecreateGateLock); \
  } while(0)
#define RECREATE_BEFORE(info) do { sCurrentRecreatingThread = info; } while(0)
#define RECREATE_WAIT() REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sRecreateWaitLock)
#define RECREATE_CONTINUE() do {                \
    RunCustomRecreation();                      \
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&sRecreateWaitLock);   \
  } while(0)
#define RECREATE_FINISH() pthread_mutex_unlock(&sRecreateWaitLock)
#define RECREATE_GATE()                           \
  do {                                            \
    REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sRecreateGateLock); \
    sRecreateGatePassed++;                        \
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&sRecreateGateLock);     \
  } while(0)
#define RECREATE_OPEN_GATE() pthread_mutex_unlock(&sRecreateGateLock)
#define RECREATE_GATE_VIP()                       \
  do {                                            \
    REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sRecreateGateLock); \
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&sRecreateGateLock);     \
  } while(0)
#define RECREATE_PASS_VIP()                          \
  do {                                               \
    REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sRecreateVIPGateLock); \
    sRecreateGatePassed++;                           \
    pthread_cond_signal(&sRecreateVIPCond);          \
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&sRecreateVIPGateLock);     \
  } while(0)
#define RECREATE_WAIT_ALL_VIP()                        \
  do {                                                 \
    REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sRecreateVIPGateLock);   \
    while(sRecreateGatePassed < sRecreateVIPCount) {   \
      REAL(pthread_cond_wait)(&sRecreateVIPCond,       \
                        &sRecreateVIPGateLock);        \
    }                                                  \
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&sRecreateVIPGateLock);       \
  } while(0)

/**
 * Thread freeze points. Note that the freeze points are implemented as macros
 * so as not to garble the content of the stack after setjmp().
 *
 * In the nuwa process, when a thread supporting nuwa calls a wrapper
 * function, freeze point 1 setjmp()s to save the state. We only allow the
 * thread to be frozen in the wrapper functions. If thread freezing is not
 * enabled yet, the wrapper functions act like their wrapped counterparts,
 * except for the extra actions in the freeze points. If thread freezing is
 * enabled, the thread will be frozen by calling one of the wrapper functions.
 * The threads can be frozen in any of the following points:
 *
 * 1) Freeze point 1: this is the point where we setjmp() in the nuwa process
 *    and longjmp() in the spawned process. If freezing is enabled, then the
 *    current thread blocks by acquiring an already locked mutex,
 *    sThreadFreezeLock.
 * 2) The wrapped function: the function that might block waiting for some
 *    resource or condition.
 * 3) Freeze point 2: blocks the current thread by acquiring sThreadFreezeLock.
 *    If freezing is not enabled then revert the counter change in freeze
 *    point 1.
 */
#define THREAD_FREEZE_POINT1()                                 \
  bool freezeCountChg = false;                                 \
  bool recreated = false;                                      \
  volatile bool freezePoint2 = false;                          \
  thread_info_t *tinfo;                                        \
  if (sIsNuwaProcess &&                                        \
      (tinfo = CUR_THREAD_INFO) &&                             \
      (tinfo->flags & TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_SUPPORT) &&              \
      !(tinfo->flags & TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_EXPLICIT_CHECKPOINT)) { \
    if (!setjmp(tinfo->jmpEnv)) {                              \
      REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadCountLock);             \
      SaveTLSInfo(tinfo);                                      \
      sThreadFreezeCount++;                                    \
      freezeCountChg = true;                                   \
      pthread_cond_signal(&sThreadChangeCond);                 \
      pthread_mutex_unlock(&sThreadCountLock);                 \
                                                               \
      if (sIsFreezing) {                                       \
        REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadFreezeLock);          \
        /* Never return from the pthread_mutex_lock() call. */ \
        abort();                                               \
      }                                                        \
    } else {                                                   \
      RECREATE_CONTINUE();                                     \
      RECREATE_GATE();                                         \
      freezeCountChg = false;                                  \
      recreated = true;                                        \
    }                                                          \
  }

#define THREAD_FREEZE_POINT1_VIP()                             \
  bool freezeCountChg = false;                                 \
  bool recreated = false;                                      \
  volatile bool freezePoint1 = false;                          \
  volatile bool freezePoint2 = false;                          \
  thread_info_t *tinfo;                                        \
  if (sIsNuwaProcess &&                                        \
      (tinfo = CUR_THREAD_INFO) &&                             \
      (tinfo->flags & TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_SUPPORT) &&              \
      !(tinfo->flags & TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_EXPLICIT_CHECKPOINT)) { \
    if (!setjmp(tinfo->jmpEnv)) {                              \
      REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadCountLock);             \
      SaveTLSInfo(tinfo);                                      \
      sThreadFreezeCount++;                                    \
      sRecreateVIPCount++;                                     \
      freezeCountChg = true;                                   \
      pthread_cond_signal(&sThreadChangeCond);                 \
      pthread_mutex_unlock(&sThreadCountLock);                 \
                                                               \
      if (sIsFreezing) {                                       \
        freezePoint1 = true;                                   \
        REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadFreezeLock);          \
        /* Never return from the pthread_mutex_lock() call. */ \
        abort();                                               \
      }                                                        \
    } else {                                                   \
      freezeCountChg = false;                                  \
      recreated = true;                                        \
    }                                                          \
  }

#define THREAD_FREEZE_POINT2()                               \
  if (freezeCountChg) {                                      \
    REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadCountLock);             \
    if (sNuwaReady && sIsNuwaProcess) {                      \
      pthread_mutex_unlock(&sThreadCountLock);               \
      freezePoint2 = true;                                   \
      REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadFreezeLock);          \
      /* Never return from the pthread_mutex_lock() call. */ \
      abort();                                               \
    }                                                        \
    sThreadFreezeCount--;                                    \
    pthread_cond_signal(&sThreadChangeCond);                 \
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&sThreadCountLock);                 \
  }

#define THREAD_FREEZE_POINT2_VIP()                           \
  if (freezeCountChg) {                                      \
    REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadCountLock);             \
    if (sNuwaReady && sIsNuwaProcess) {                      \
      pthread_mutex_unlock(&sThreadCountLock);               \
      freezePoint2 = true;                                   \
      REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadFreezeLock);          \
      /* Never return from the pthread_mutex_lock() call. */ \
      abort();                                               \
    }                                                        \
    sThreadFreezeCount--;                                    \
    sRecreateVIPCount--;                                     \
    pthread_cond_signal(&sThreadChangeCond);                 \
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&sThreadCountLock);                 \
  }

/**
 * Wrapping the blocking functions: epoll_wait(), poll(), pthread_mutex_lock(),
 * pthread_cond_wait() and pthread_cond_timedwait():
 *
 * These functions are wrapped by the above freeze point macros. Once a new
 * process is forked, the recreated thread will be blocked in one of the wrapper
 * functions. When recreating the thread, we longjmp() to
 * THREAD_FREEZE_POINT1() to recover the thread stack. Care must be taken to
 * maintain the semantics of the wrapped function:
 *
 * - epoll_wait() and poll(): just retry the function.
 * - pthread_mutex_lock(): don't lock if frozen at freeze point 2 (lock is
 *   already acquired).
 * - pthread_cond_wait() and pthread_cond_timedwait(): if the thread is frozen
 *   waiting the condition variable, the mutex is already released, we need to
 *   reacquire the mutex before calling the wrapped function again so the mutex
 *   will be in a valid state.
 */

extern "C" MFBT_API int
__wrap_epoll_wait(int epfd,
                  struct epoll_event *events,
                  int maxevents,
                  int timeout) {
  int rv;

  THREAD_FREEZE_POINT1();
  rv = REAL(epoll_wait)(epfd, events, maxevents, timeout);
  THREAD_FREEZE_POINT2();

  return rv;
}

extern "C" MFBT_API int
__wrap_pthread_cond_wait(pthread_cond_t *cond,
                         pthread_mutex_t *mtx) {
  int rv = 0;

  THREAD_FREEZE_POINT1_VIP();
  if (freezePoint2) {
    RECREATE_CONTINUE();
    RECREATE_PASS_VIP();
    RECREATE_GATE_VIP();
    return rv;
  }
  if (recreated && mtx) {
    if (!freezePoint1 && pthread_mutex_trylock(mtx)) {
      // The thread was frozen in pthread_cond_wait() after releasing mtx in the
      // Nuwa process. In recreating this thread, We failed to reacquire mtx
      // with the pthread_mutex_trylock() call, that is, mtx was acquired by
      // another thread. Because of this, we need the main thread's help to
      // reacquire mtx so that it will be in a valid state.
      tinfo->reacquireMutex = mtx;
    }
    RECREATE_CONTINUE();
    RECREATE_PASS_VIP();
  }
  rv = REAL(pthread_cond_wait)(cond, mtx);
  if (recreated && mtx) {
    // We still need to be gated as not to acquire another mutex associated with
    // another VIP thread and interfere with it.
    RECREATE_GATE_VIP();
  }
  THREAD_FREEZE_POINT2_VIP();

  return rv;
}

extern "C" MFBT_API int
__wrap_pthread_cond_timedwait(pthread_cond_t *cond,
                              pthread_mutex_t *mtx,
                              const struct timespec *abstime) {
  int rv = 0;

  THREAD_FREEZE_POINT1_VIP();
  if (freezePoint2) {
    RECREATE_CONTINUE();
    RECREATE_PASS_VIP();
    RECREATE_GATE_VIP();
    return rv;
  }
  if (recreated && mtx) {
    if (!freezePoint1 && pthread_mutex_trylock(mtx)) {
      tinfo->reacquireMutex = mtx;
    }
    RECREATE_CONTINUE();
    RECREATE_PASS_VIP();
  }
  rv = REAL(pthread_cond_timedwait)(cond, mtx, abstime);
  if (recreated && mtx) {
    RECREATE_GATE_VIP();
  }
  THREAD_FREEZE_POINT2_VIP();

  return rv;
}

extern "C" int __pthread_cond_timedwait(pthread_cond_t *cond,
                                        pthread_mutex_t *mtx,
                                        const struct timespec *abstime,
                                        clockid_t clock);

extern "C" MFBT_API int
__wrap___pthread_cond_timedwait(pthread_cond_t *cond,
                                pthread_mutex_t *mtx,
                                const struct timespec *abstime,
                                clockid_t clock) {
  int rv = 0;

  THREAD_FREEZE_POINT1_VIP();
  if (freezePoint2) {
    RECREATE_CONTINUE();
    RECREATE_PASS_VIP();
    RECREATE_GATE_VIP();
    return rv;
  }
  if (recreated && mtx) {
    if (!freezePoint1 && pthread_mutex_trylock(mtx)) {
      tinfo->reacquireMutex = mtx;
    }
    RECREATE_CONTINUE();
    RECREATE_PASS_VIP();
  }
  rv = REAL(__pthread_cond_timedwait)(cond, mtx, abstime, clock);
  if (recreated && mtx) {
    RECREATE_GATE_VIP();
  }
  THREAD_FREEZE_POINT2_VIP();

  return rv;
}

extern "C" MFBT_API int
__wrap_pthread_mutex_lock(pthread_mutex_t *mtx) {
  int rv = 0;

  THREAD_FREEZE_POINT1();
  if (freezePoint2) {
    return rv;
  }
  rv = REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(mtx);
  THREAD_FREEZE_POINT2();

  return rv;
}

extern "C" MFBT_API int
__wrap_poll(struct pollfd *fds, nfds_t nfds, int timeout) {
  int rv;

  THREAD_FREEZE_POINT1();
  rv = REAL(poll)(fds, nfds, timeout);
  THREAD_FREEZE_POINT2();

  return rv;
}

extern "C" MFBT_API int
__wrap_epoll_create(int size) {
  int epollfd = REAL(epoll_create)(size);

  if (!sIsNuwaProcess) {
    return epollfd;
  }

  if (epollfd >= 0) {
    EpollManager::Singleton()->AddEpollInfo(epollfd, size);
  }

  return epollfd;
}

/**
 * Wrapping the functions to create file descriptor pairs. In the child process
 * FD pairs are created for intra-process signaling. The generation of FD pairs
 * need to be tracked in the nuwa process so they can be recreated in the
 * spawned process.
 */
struct FdPairInfo {
  enum {
    kPipe,
    kSocketpair
  } call;

  int FDs[2];
  int flags;
  int domain;
  int type;
  int protocol;
};

/**
 * Protects the access to sSingalFds.
 */
static pthread_mutex_t  sSignalFdLock = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
static std::vector<FdPairInfo> sSignalFds;

extern "C" MFBT_API int
__wrap_socketpair(int domain, int type, int protocol, int sv[2])
{
  int rv = REAL(socketpair)(domain, type, protocol, sv);

  if (!sIsNuwaProcess || rv < 0) {
    return rv;
  }

  REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sSignalFdLock);
  FdPairInfo signalFd;
  signalFd.call = FdPairInfo::kSocketpair;
  signalFd.FDs[0] = sv[0];
  signalFd.FDs[1] = sv[1];
  signalFd.domain = domain;
  signalFd.type = type;
  signalFd.protocol = protocol;

  sSignalFds.push_back(signalFd);
  pthread_mutex_unlock(&sSignalFdLock);

  return rv;
}

extern "C" MFBT_API int
__wrap_pipe2(int __pipedes[2], int flags)
{
  int rv = REAL(pipe2)(__pipedes, flags);
  if (!sIsNuwaProcess || rv < 0) {
    return rv;
  }

  REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sSignalFdLock);
  FdPairInfo signalFd;
  signalFd.call = FdPairInfo::kPipe;
  signalFd.FDs[0] = __pipedes[0];
  signalFd.FDs[1] = __pipedes[1];
  signalFd.flags = flags;
  sSignalFds.push_back(signalFd);
  pthread_mutex_unlock(&sSignalFdLock);
  return rv;
}

extern "C" MFBT_API int
__wrap_pipe(int __pipedes[2])
{
  return __wrap_pipe2(__pipedes, 0);
}

static void
DupeSingleFd(int newFd, int origFd)
{
  struct stat sb;
  if (fstat(origFd, &sb)) {
    // Maybe the original FD is closed.
    return;
  }
  int fd = fcntl(origFd, F_GETFD);
  int fl = fcntl(origFd, F_GETFL);
  dup2(newFd, origFd);
  fcntl(origFd, F_SETFD, fd);
  fcntl(origFd, F_SETFL, fl);
  REAL(close)(newFd);
}

extern "C" MFBT_API void
ReplaceSignalFds()
{
  for (std::vector<FdPairInfo>::iterator it = sSignalFds.begin();
       it < sSignalFds.end(); ++it) {
    int fds[2];
    int rc = 0;
    switch (it->call) {
    case FdPairInfo::kPipe:
      rc = REAL(pipe2)(fds, it->flags);
      break;
    case FdPairInfo::kSocketpair:
      rc = REAL(socketpair)(it->domain, it->type, it->protocol, fds);
      break;
    default:
      continue;
    }

    if (rc == 0) {
      DupeSingleFd(fds[0], it->FDs[0]);
      DupeSingleFd(fds[1], it->FDs[1]);
    }
  }
}

extern "C" MFBT_API int
__wrap_epoll_ctl(int aEpollFd, int aOp, int aFd, struct epoll_event *aEvent) {
  int rv = REAL(epoll_ctl)(aEpollFd, aOp, aFd, aEvent);

  if (!sIsNuwaProcess || rv == -1) {
    return rv;
  }

  EpollManager::EpollInfo *info =
    EpollManager::Singleton()->FindEpollInfo(aEpollFd);
  if (info == nullptr) {
    abort();
  }

  switch(aOp) {
  case EPOLL_CTL_ADD:
    info->AddEvents(aFd, *aEvent);
    break;

  case EPOLL_CTL_MOD:
    info->ModifyEvents(aFd, *aEvent);
    break;

  case EPOLL_CTL_DEL:
    info->RemoveEvents(aFd);
    break;

  default:
    abort();
  }

  return rv;
}

// XXX: thinker: Maybe, we should also track dup, dup2, and other functions.
extern "C" MFBT_API int
__wrap_close(int aFd) {
  int rv = REAL(close)(aFd);
  if (!sIsNuwaProcess || rv == -1) {
    return rv;
  }

  EpollManager::EpollInfo *info =
    EpollManager::Singleton()->FindEpollInfo(aFd);
  if (info) {
    EpollManager::Singleton()->RemoveEpollInfo(aFd);
  }

  return rv;
}

extern "C" MFBT_API int
__wrap_tgkill(pid_t tgid, pid_t tid, int signalno)
{
  if (sIsNuwaProcess) {
    return tgkill(tgid, tid, signalno);
  }

  if (tid == sMainThread.origNativeThreadID) {
    return tgkill(tgid, sMainThread.recreatedNativeThreadID, signalno);
  }

  thread_info_t *tinfo = (tid == sMainThread.origNativeThreadID ?
      &sMainThread :
      GetThreadInfo(tid));
  if (!tinfo) {
    return tgkill(tgid, tid, signalno);
  }

  return tgkill(tgid, tinfo->recreatedNativeThreadID, signalno);
}

static void *
thread_recreate_startup(void *arg) {
  /*
   * Dark Art!! Never do the same unless you are ABSOLUTELY sure what you are
   * doing!
   *
   * The stack space collapsed by this frame had been reserved by
   * thread_create_startup().  And thread_create_startup() will
   * return immediately after returning from real start routine, so
   * all collapsed values does not affect the result.
   *
   * All outer frames of thread_create_startup() and
   * thread_recreate_startup() are equivalent, so
   * thread_create_startup() will return successfully.
   */
  thread_info_t *tinfo = (thread_info_t *)arg;

  prctl(PR_SET_NAME, (unsigned long)&tinfo->nativeThreadName, 0, 0, 0);
  RestoreTLSInfo(tinfo);

  if (setjmp(tinfo->retEnv) != 0) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  // longjump() to recreate the stack on the new thread.
  longjmp(tinfo->jmpEnv, 1);

  // Never go here!
  abort();

  return nullptr;
}

/**
 * Recreate the context given by tinfo at a new thread.
 */
static void
thread_recreate(thread_info_t *tinfo) {
  pthread_t thread;

  // Note that the thread_recreate_startup() runs on the stack specified by
  // tinfo.
  pthread_create(&thread, &tinfo->threadAttr, thread_recreate_startup, tinfo);
}

/**
 * Recreate all threads in a process forked from an Nuwa process.
 */
static void
RecreateThreads() {
  sIsNuwaProcess = false;
  sIsFreezing = false;

  sMainThread.recreatedThreadID = pthread_self();
  sMainThread.recreatedNativeThreadID = gettid();

  // Run registered constructors.
  for (std::vector<nuwa_construct_t>::iterator ctr = sConstructors.begin();
       ctr != sConstructors.end();
       ctr++) {
    (*ctr).construct((*ctr).arg);
  }
  sConstructors.clear();

  REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadCountLock);
  thread_info_t *tinfo = sAllThreads.getFirst();
  pthread_mutex_unlock(&sThreadCountLock);

  RECREATE_START();
  while (tinfo != nullptr) {
    if (tinfo->flags & TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_SUPPORT) {
      RECREATE_BEFORE(tinfo);
      thread_recreate(tinfo);
      RECREATE_WAIT();
      if (tinfo->reacquireMutex) {
        REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(tinfo->reacquireMutex);
      }
    } else if(!(tinfo->flags & TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_SKIP)) {
      // An unmarked thread is found other than the main thread.

      // All threads should be marked as one of SUPPORT or SKIP, or
      // abort the process to make sure all threads in the Nuwa
      // process are Nuwa-aware.
      abort();
    }

    tinfo = tinfo->getNext();
  }
  RECREATE_WAIT_ALL_VIP();
  RECREATE_OPEN_GATE();

  RECREATE_FINISH();

  // Run registered final constructors.
  for (std::vector<nuwa_construct_t>::iterator ctr = sFinalConstructors.begin();
       ctr != sFinalConstructors.end();
       ctr++) {
    (*ctr).construct((*ctr).arg);
  }
  sFinalConstructors.clear();
}

extern "C" {

/**
 * Recreate all epoll fds and restore status; include all events.
 */
static void
RecreateEpollFds() {
  EpollManager *man = EpollManager::Singleton();

  for (EpollManager::const_iterator info_it = man->begin();
       info_it != man->end();
       info_it++) {
    int epollfd = info_it->first;
    const EpollManager::EpollInfo *info = &info_it->second;

    int fdflags = fcntl(epollfd, F_GETFD);
    if (fdflags == -1) {
      abort();
    }
    int fl = fcntl(epollfd, F_GETFL);
    if (fl == -1) {
      abort();
    }

    int newepollfd = REAL(epoll_create)(info->BackSize());
    if (newepollfd == -1) {
      abort();
    }
    int rv = REAL(close)(epollfd);
    if (rv == -1) {
      abort();
    }
    rv = dup2(newepollfd, epollfd);
    if (rv == -1) {
      abort();
    }
    rv = REAL(close)(newepollfd);
    if (rv == -1) {
      abort();
    }

    rv = fcntl(epollfd, F_SETFD, fdflags);
    if (rv == -1) {
      abort();
    }
    rv = fcntl(epollfd, F_SETFL, fl);
    if (rv == -1) {
      abort();
    }

    for (EpollManager::EpollInfo::const_iterator events_it = info->begin();
         events_it != info->end();
         events_it++) {
      int fd = events_it->first;
      epoll_event events;
      events = events_it->second;
      rv = REAL(epoll_ctl)(epollfd, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, fd, &events);
      if (rv == -1) {
        abort();
      }
    }
  }

  // Shutdown EpollManager. It won't be needed in the spawned process.
  EpollManager::Shutdown();
}

/**
 * Fix IPC to make it ready.
 *
 * Especially, fix ContentChild.
 */
static void
ReplaceIPC(NuwaProtoFdInfo *aInfoList, int aInfoSize) {
  int i;
  int rv;

  for (i = 0; i < aInfoSize; i++) {
    int fd = fcntl(aInfoList[i].originFd, F_GETFD);
    if (fd == -1) {
      abort();
    }

    int fl = fcntl(aInfoList[i].originFd, F_GETFL);
    if (fl == -1) {
      abort();
    }

    rv = dup2(aInfoList[i].newFds[NUWA_NEWFD_CHILD], aInfoList[i].originFd);
    if (rv == -1) {
      abort();
    }

    rv = fcntl(aInfoList[i].originFd, F_SETFD, fd);
    if (rv == -1) {
      abort();
    }

    rv = fcntl(aInfoList[i].originFd, F_SETFL, fl);
    if (rv == -1) {
      abort();
    }
  }
}

/**
 * Add a new content process at the chrome process.
 */
static void
AddNewProcess(pid_t pid, NuwaProtoFdInfo *aInfoList, int aInfoSize) {
  static bool (*AddNewIPCProcess)(pid_t, NuwaProtoFdInfo *, int) = nullptr;

  if (AddNewIPCProcess == nullptr) {
    AddNewIPCProcess = (bool (*)(pid_t, NuwaProtoFdInfo *, int))
      dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT, "AddNewIPCProcess");
  }
  AddNewIPCProcess(pid, aInfoList, aInfoSize);
}

static void
PrepareProtoSockets(NuwaProtoFdInfo *aInfoList, int aInfoSize) {
  int i;
  int rv;

  for (i = 0; i < aInfoSize; i++) {
    rv = REAL(socketpair)(PF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 0, aInfoList[i].newFds);
    if (rv == -1) {
      abort();
    }
  }
}

static void
CloseAllProtoSockets(NuwaProtoFdInfo *aInfoList, int aInfoSize) {
  int i;

  for (i = 0; i < aInfoSize; i++) {
    REAL(close)(aInfoList[i].newFds[0]);
    REAL(close)(aInfoList[i].newFds[1]);
  }
}

static void
AfterForkHook()
{
  void (*AfterNuwaFork)();

  // This is defined in dom/ipc/ContentChild.cpp
  AfterNuwaFork = (void (*)())
    dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT, "AfterNuwaFork");
  AfterNuwaFork();
}

/**
 * Fork a new process that is ready for running IPC.
 *
 * @return the PID of the new process.
 */
static int
ForkIPCProcess() {
  int pid;

  REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sForkLock);

  PrepareProtoSockets(sProtoFdInfos, sProtoFdInfosSize);

  sNuwaForking = true;
  pid = fork();
  sNuwaForking = false;
  if (pid == -1) {
    abort();
  }

  if (pid > 0) {
    // in the parent
    AddNewProcess(pid, sProtoFdInfos, sProtoFdInfosSize);
    CloseAllProtoSockets(sProtoFdInfos, sProtoFdInfosSize);
  } else {
    // in the child
    if (getenv("MOZ_DEBUG_CHILD_PROCESS")) {
      printf("\n\nNUWA CHILDCHILDCHILDCHILD\n  debug me @ %d\n\n", getpid());
      sleep(30);
    }
    AfterForkHook();
    ReplaceSignalFds();
    ReplaceIPC(sProtoFdInfos, sProtoFdInfosSize);
    RecreateEpollFds();
    RecreateThreads();
    CloseAllProtoSockets(sProtoFdInfos, sProtoFdInfosSize);
  }

  sForkWaitCondChanged = true;
  pthread_cond_signal(&sForkWaitCond);
  pthread_mutex_unlock(&sForkLock);

  return pid;
}

/**
 * Prepare for spawning a new process. Called on the IPC thread.
 */
MFBT_API void
NuwaSpawnPrepare() {
  REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sForkLock);

  sForkWaitCondChanged = false; // Will be modified on the main thread.
}

/**
 * Let IPC thread wait until fork action on the main thread has completed.
 */
MFBT_API void
NuwaSpawnWait() {
  while (!sForkWaitCondChanged) {
    REAL(pthread_cond_wait)(&sForkWaitCond, &sForkLock);
  }
  pthread_mutex_unlock(&sForkLock);
}

/**
 * Spawn a new process. If not ready for spawn (still waiting for some threads
 * to freeze), postpone the spawn request until ready.
 *
 * @return the pid of the new process, or 0 if not ready.
 */
MFBT_API pid_t
NuwaSpawn() {
  if (gettid() != getpid()) {
    // Not the main thread.
    abort();
  }

  pid_t pid = 0;

  if (sNuwaReady) {
    pid = ForkIPCProcess();
  } else {
    sNuwaPendingSpawn = true;
  }

  return pid;
}

/**
 * Prepare to freeze the Nuwa-supporting threads.
 */
MFBT_API void
PrepareNuwaProcess() {
  sIsNuwaProcess = true;
  // Explicitly ignore SIGCHLD so we don't have to call watpid() to reap
  // dead child processes.
  signal(SIGCHLD, SIG_IGN);

  // Make marked threads block in one freeze point.
  REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadFreezeLock);

  // Populate sMainThread for mapping of tgkill.
  sMainThread.origThreadID = pthread_self();
  sMainThread.origNativeThreadID = gettid();
}

// Make current process as a Nuwa process.
MFBT_API void
MakeNuwaProcess() {
  void (*GetProtoFdInfos)(NuwaProtoFdInfo *, int, int *) = nullptr;
  void (*OnNuwaProcessReady)() = nullptr;
  sIsFreezing = true;

  REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadCountLock);

  // wait until all threads are frozen.
  while ((sThreadFreezeCount + sThreadSkipCount) != sThreadCount) {
    REAL(pthread_cond_wait)(&sThreadChangeCond, &sThreadCountLock);
  }

  GetProtoFdInfos = (void (*)(NuwaProtoFdInfo *, int, int *))
    dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT, "GetProtoFdInfos");
  GetProtoFdInfos(sProtoFdInfos, NUWA_TOPLEVEL_MAX, &sProtoFdInfosSize);

  sNuwaReady = true;

  pthread_mutex_unlock(&sThreadCountLock);

  OnNuwaProcessReady = (void (*)())dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT, "OnNuwaProcessReady");
  OnNuwaProcessReady();

  if (sNuwaPendingSpawn) {
    sNuwaPendingSpawn = false;
    NuwaSpawn();
  }
}

/**
 * Mark the current thread as supporting Nuwa. The thread will be recreated in
 * the spawned process.
 */
MFBT_API void
NuwaMarkCurrentThread(void (*recreate)(void *), void *arg) {
  if (!sIsNuwaProcess) {
    return;
  }

  thread_info_t *tinfo = CUR_THREAD_INFO;
  if (tinfo == nullptr) {
    abort();
  }

  tinfo->flags |= TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_SUPPORT;
  tinfo->recrFunc = recreate;
  tinfo->recrArg = arg;

  // XXX Thread name might be set later than this call. If this is the case, we
  // might need to delay getting the thread name.
  prctl(PR_GET_NAME, (unsigned long)&tinfo->nativeThreadName, 0, 0, 0);
}

/**
 * Mark the current thread as not supporting Nuwa. Don't recreate this thread in
 * the spawned process.
 */
MFBT_API void
NuwaSkipCurrentThread() {
  if (!sIsNuwaProcess) return;

  thread_info_t *tinfo = CUR_THREAD_INFO;
  if (tinfo == nullptr) {
    abort();
  }

  if (!(tinfo->flags & TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_SKIP)) {
    sThreadSkipCount++;
  }
  tinfo->flags |= TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_SKIP;
}

/**
 * Force to freeze the current thread.
 *
 * This method does not return in Nuwa process.  It returns for the
 * recreated thread.
 */
MFBT_API void
NuwaFreezeCurrentThread() {
  thread_info_t *tinfo = CUR_THREAD_INFO;
  if (sIsNuwaProcess &&
      (tinfo = CUR_THREAD_INFO) &&
      (tinfo->flags & TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_SUPPORT)) {
    if (!setjmp(tinfo->jmpEnv)) {
      REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadCountLock);
      SaveTLSInfo(tinfo);
      sThreadFreezeCount++;
      pthread_cond_signal(&sThreadChangeCond);
      pthread_mutex_unlock(&sThreadCountLock);

      REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadFreezeLock);
    } else {
      RECREATE_CONTINUE();
      RECREATE_GATE();
    }
  }
}

/**
 * The caller of NuwaCheckpointCurrentThread() is at the line it wishes to
 * return after the thread is recreated.
 *
 * The checkpointed thread will restart at the calling line of
 * NuwaCheckpointCurrentThread(). This macro returns true in the Nuwa process
 * and false on the recreated thread in the forked process.
 *
 * NuwaCheckpointCurrentThread() is implemented as a macro so we can place the
 * setjmp() call in the calling method without changing its stack pointer. This
 * is essential for not corrupting the stack when the calling thread continues
 * to request the main thread for forking a new process. The caller of
 * NuwaCheckpointCurrentThread() should not return before the process forking
 * finishes.
 *
 * @return true for Nuwa process, and false in the forked process.
 */
MFBT_API jmp_buf*
NuwaCheckpointCurrentThread1() {
  thread_info_t *tinfo = CUR_THREAD_INFO;
  if (sIsNuwaProcess &&
      (tinfo = CUR_THREAD_INFO) &&
      (tinfo->flags & TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_SUPPORT)) {
    return &tinfo->jmpEnv;
  }
  abort();
  return nullptr;
}

MFBT_API bool
NuwaCheckpointCurrentThread2(int setjmpCond) {
  thread_info_t *tinfo = CUR_THREAD_INFO;
  if (setjmpCond == 0) {
    REAL(pthread_mutex_lock)(&sThreadCountLock);
    if (!(tinfo->flags & TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_EXPLICIT_CHECKPOINT)) {
      tinfo->flags |= TINFO_FLAG_NUWA_EXPLICIT_CHECKPOINT;
      SaveTLSInfo(tinfo);
      sThreadFreezeCount++;
    }
    pthread_cond_signal(&sThreadChangeCond);
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&sThreadCountLock);
    return true;
  }
  RECREATE_CONTINUE();
  RECREATE_GATE();
  return false;               // Recreated thread.
}

/**
 * Register methods to be invoked before recreating threads in the spawned
 * process.
 */
MFBT_API void
NuwaAddConstructor(void (*construct)(void *), void *arg) {
  nuwa_construct_t ctr;
  ctr.construct = construct;
  ctr.arg = arg;
  sConstructors.push_back(ctr);
}

/**
 * Register methods to be invoked after recreating threads in the spawned
 * process.
 */
MFBT_API void
NuwaAddFinalConstructor(void (*construct)(void *), void *arg) {
  nuwa_construct_t ctr;
  ctr.construct = construct;
  ctr.arg = arg;
  sFinalConstructors.push_back(ctr);
}

/**
 * @return if the current process is the nuwa process.
 */
MFBT_API bool
IsNuwaProcess() {
  return sIsNuwaProcess;
}

/**
 * @return if the nuwa process is ready for spawning new processes.
 */
MFBT_API bool
IsNuwaReady() {
  return sNuwaReady;
}

}      // extern "C"