ipc/glue/Shmem.h
author Mozilla Releng Treescript <release+treescript@mozilla.org>
Thu, 12 Dec 2019 08:59:26 +0000
changeset 566782 a99d233e3bf6824a6bc035815394d3ac03415f4d
parent 520122 87858af7a3cc594ed1eb1cc86c86ee08f9c76d21
permissions -rw-r--r--
no bug - Bumping Firefox l10n changesets r=release a=l10n-bump DONTBUILD ach -> 5a74838404c0 ar -> 99bedfcb3801 be -> 0baf7cbd7501 cs -> ae7ba78e9d9f da -> e17c9c99e0a9 fr -> 569cdfe7105e hi-IN -> a36b0b3ed829 hr -> 5c73b686bbd7 ia -> 88ac91cc793e it -> cea3367d1bbc km -> 2b93daf82d82 pa-IN -> fddf6c9b3717 ta -> 3ce9d68345d4 tr -> 2bdd64c98091 uk -> 9c178dd9cbeb

/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* vim: set ts=8 sts=2 et sw=2 tw=80: */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#ifndef mozilla_ipc_Shmem_h
#define mozilla_ipc_Shmem_h

#include "mozilla/Attributes.h"

#include "base/basictypes.h"
#include "base/process.h"

#include "nscore.h"
#include "nsDebug.h"

#include "ipc/IPCMessageUtils.h"
#include "mozilla/ipc/SharedMemory.h"
#include "mozilla/ipc/IPDLParamTraits.h"

/**
 * |Shmem| is one agent in the IPDL shared memory scheme.  The way it
    works is essentially
 *
 *  (1) C++ code calls, say, |parentActor->AllocShmem(size)|

 *  (2) IPDL-generated code creates a |mozilla::ipc::SharedMemory|
 *  wrapping the bare OS shmem primitives.  The code then adds the new
 *  SharedMemory to the set of shmem segments being managed by IPDL.
 *
 *  (3) IPDL-generated code "shares" the new SharedMemory to the child
 *  process, and then sends a special asynchronous IPC message to the
 *  child notifying it of the creation of the segment.  (What this
 *  means is OS specific.)
 *
 *  (4a) The child receives the special IPC message, and using the
 *  |SharedMemory{Basic}::Handle| it was passed, creates a
 *  |mozilla::ipc::SharedMemory| in the child
 *  process.
 *
 *  (4b) After sending the "shmem-created" IPC message, IPDL-generated
 *  code in the parent returns a |mozilla::ipc::Shmem| back to the C++
 *  caller of |parentActor->AllocShmem()|.  The |Shmem| is a "weak
 *  reference" to the underlying |SharedMemory|, which is managed by
 *  IPDL-generated code.  C++ consumers of |Shmem| can't get at the
 *  underlying |SharedMemory|.
 *
 * If parent code wants to give access rights to the Shmem to the
 * child, it does so by sending its |Shmem| to the child, in an IPDL
 * message.  The parent's |Shmem| then "dies", i.e. becomes
 * inaccessible.  This process could be compared to passing a
 * "shmem-access baton" between parent and child.
 */

namespace mozilla {
namespace layers {
class ShadowLayerForwarder;
}  // namespace layers

namespace ipc {

class Shmem final {
  friend struct IPDLParamTraits<mozilla::ipc::Shmem>;
#ifdef DEBUG
  // For ShadowLayerForwarder::CheckSurfaceDescriptor
  friend class mozilla::layers::ShadowLayerForwarder;
#endif

 public:
  typedef int32_t id_t;
  // Low-level wrapper around platform shmem primitives.
  typedef mozilla::ipc::SharedMemory SharedMemory;
  typedef SharedMemory::SharedMemoryType SharedMemoryType;
  // Shmem objects should only be constructed directly from SharedMemory
  // objects by the Shmem implementation itself, or by a select few functions
  // in ProtocolUtils.{h,cpp}.  You should not need to add new instances of
  // this token.
  struct PrivateIPDLCaller {};

  Shmem() : mSegment(nullptr), mData(nullptr), mSize(0), mId(0) {}

  Shmem(const Shmem& aOther)
      : mSegment(aOther.mSegment),
        mData(aOther.mData),
        mSize(aOther.mSize),
        mId(aOther.mId) {}

#if !defined(DEBUG)
  Shmem(PrivateIPDLCaller, SharedMemory* aSegment, id_t aId)
      : mSegment(aSegment), mData(aSegment->memory()), mSize(0), mId(aId) {
    mSize = static_cast<size_t>(*PtrToSize(mSegment));
  }
#else
  Shmem(PrivateIPDLCaller, SharedMemory* aSegment, id_t aId);
#endif

  ~Shmem() {
    // Shmem only holds a "weak ref" to the actual segment, which is
    // owned by IPDL. So there's nothing interesting to be done here
    forget(PrivateIPDLCaller());
  }

  Shmem& operator=(const Shmem& aRhs) {
    mSegment = aRhs.mSegment;
    mData = aRhs.mData;
    mSize = aRhs.mSize;
    mId = aRhs.mId;
    return *this;
  }

  bool operator==(const Shmem& aRhs) const { return mSegment == aRhs.mSegment; }

  // Returns whether this Shmem is writable by you, and thus whether you can
  // transfer writability to another actor.
  bool IsWritable() const { return mSegment != nullptr; }

  // Returns whether this Shmem is readable by you, and thus whether you can
  // transfer readability to another actor.
  bool IsReadable() const { return mSegment != nullptr; }

  // Return a pointer to the user-visible data segment.
  template <typename T>
  T* get() const {
    AssertInvariants();
    AssertAligned<T>();

    return reinterpret_cast<T*>(mData);
  }

  // Return the size of the segment as requested when this shmem
  // segment was allocated, in units of T.  The underlying mapping may
  // actually be larger because of page alignment and private data,
  // but this isn't exposed to clients.
  template <typename T>
  size_t Size() const {
    AssertInvariants();
    AssertAligned<T>();

    return mSize / sizeof(T);
  }

  // These shouldn't be used directly, use the IPDL interface instead.
  id_t Id(PrivateIPDLCaller) const { return mId; }

  SharedMemory* Segment(PrivateIPDLCaller) const { return mSegment; }

#ifndef DEBUG
  void RevokeRights(PrivateIPDLCaller) {}
#else
  void RevokeRights(PrivateIPDLCaller);
#endif

  void forget(PrivateIPDLCaller) {
    mSegment = nullptr;
    mData = nullptr;
    mSize = 0;
    mId = 0;
  }

  static already_AddRefed<Shmem::SharedMemory> Alloc(PrivateIPDLCaller,
                                                     size_t aNBytes,
                                                     SharedMemoryType aType,
                                                     bool aUnsafe,
                                                     bool aProtect = false);

  // Prepare this to be shared with |aProcess|.  Return an IPC message
  // that contains enough information for the other process to map
  // this segment in OpenExisting() below.  Return a new message if
  // successful (owned by the caller), nullptr if not.
  IPC::Message* ShareTo(PrivateIPDLCaller, base::ProcessId aTargetPid,
                        int32_t routingId);

  // Stop sharing this with |aTargetPid|.  Return an IPC message that
  // contains enough information for the other process to unmap this
  // segment.  Return a new message if successful (owned by the
  // caller), nullptr if not.
  IPC::Message* UnshareFrom(PrivateIPDLCaller, int32_t routingId);

  // Return a SharedMemory instance in this process using the
  // descriptor shared to us by the process that created the
  // underlying OS shmem resource.  The contents of the descriptor
  // depend on the type of SharedMemory that was passed to us.
  static already_AddRefed<SharedMemory> OpenExisting(
      PrivateIPDLCaller, const IPC::Message& aDescriptor, id_t* aId,
      bool aProtect = false);

  static void Dealloc(PrivateIPDLCaller, SharedMemory* aSegment);

 private:
  template <typename T>
  void AssertAligned() const {
    if (0 != (mSize % sizeof(T))) MOZ_CRASH("shmem is not T-aligned");
  }

#if !defined(DEBUG)
  void AssertInvariants() const {}

  static uint32_t* PtrToSize(SharedMemory* aSegment) {
    char* endOfSegment =
        reinterpret_cast<char*>(aSegment->memory()) + aSegment->Size();
    return reinterpret_cast<uint32_t*>(endOfSegment - sizeof(uint32_t));
  }

#else
  void AssertInvariants() const;
#endif

  RefPtr<SharedMemory> mSegment;
  void* mData;
  size_t mSize;
  id_t mId;
};

template <>
struct IPDLParamTraits<Shmem> {
  typedef Shmem paramType;

  static void Write(IPC::Message* aMsg, IProtocol* aActor, paramType&& aParam);
  static bool Read(const IPC::Message* aMsg, PickleIterator* aIter,
                   IProtocol* aActor, paramType* aResult);

  static void Log(const paramType& aParam, std::wstring* aLog) {
    aLog->append(L"(shmem segment)");
  }
};

}  // namespace ipc
}  // namespace mozilla

#endif  // ifndef mozilla_ipc_Shmem_h