hal/gonk/GonkFMRadio.cpp
author Jonathan Hao <jhao@mozilla.com>
Thu, 13 Oct 2016 01:07:00 -0400
changeset 356097 a9a6e6eda3cb239b1f0b9105fc8c544b7a2e71f4
parent 350156 b09d90288666fb3afb11877fc45527b904ef23db
permissions -rw-r--r--
Bug 1309699 - Add pref for bug 1279568 to address content crashes in Beta50. r=baku, a=jcristau

/* Copyright 2012 Mozilla Foundation and Mozilla contributors
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

#include "Hal.h"
#include "HalLog.h"
#include "tavarua.h"
#include "nsThreadUtils.h"
#include "mozilla/FileUtils.h"

#include <cutils/properties.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <linux/videodev2.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/epoll.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/types.h>

/* Bionic might not have the newer version of the v4l2 headers that
 * define these controls, so we define them here if they're not found.
 */

#ifndef V4L2_CTRL_CLASS_FM_RX
#define V4L2_CTRL_CLASS_FM_RX 0x00a10000
#define V4L2_CID_FM_RX_CLASS_BASE (V4L2_CTRL_CLASS_FM_RX | 0x900)
#define V4L2_CID_TUNE_DEEMPHASIS  (V4L2_CID_FM_RX_CLASS_BASE + 1)
#define V4L2_DEEMPHASIS_DISABLED  0
#define V4L2_DEEMPHASIS_50_uS     1
#define V4L2_DEEMPHASIS_75_uS     2
#define V4L2_CID_RDS_RECEPTION    (V4L2_CID_FM_RX_CLASS_BASE + 2)
#endif

#ifndef V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_MSK
struct v4l2_rds_data {
  uint8_t lsb;
  uint8_t msb;
  uint8_t block;
} __attribute__ ((packed));
#define V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_MSK 0x7
#define V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_A 0
#define V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_B 1
#define V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_C 2
#define V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_D 3
#define V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_C_ALT 4
#define V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_INVALID 7
#define V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_CORRECTED 0x40
#define V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_ERROR 0x80
#endif

#ifndef VIDIOC_S_HW_FREQ_SEEK
struct v4l2_hw_freq_seek {
 __u32 tuner;
 __u32 type;
 __u32 seek_upward;
 __u32 wrap_around;
 __u32 spacing;
 __u32 rangelow;
 __u32 rangehigh;
 __u32 reserved[5];
};
#define VIDIOC_S_HW_FREQ_SEEK _IOW('V', 82, struct v4l2_hw_freq_seek)
#endif

namespace mozilla {
namespace hal_impl {

uint32_t GetFMRadioFrequency();

static int sRadioFD;
static bool sRadioEnabled;
static bool sRDSEnabled;
static pthread_t sRadioThread;
static pthread_t sRDSThread;
static hal::FMRadioSettings sRadioSettings;
static int sMsmFMVersion;
static bool sMsmFMMode;
static bool sRDSSupported;

static int
setControl(uint32_t id, int32_t value)
{
  struct v4l2_control control = {0};
  control.id = id;
  control.value = value;
  return ioctl(sRadioFD, VIDIOC_S_CTRL, &control);
}

class RadioUpdate : public Runnable {
  hal::FMRadioOperation mOp;
  hal::FMRadioOperationStatus mStatus;
public:
  RadioUpdate(hal::FMRadioOperation op, hal::FMRadioOperationStatus status)
    : mOp(op)
    , mStatus(status)
  {}

  NS_IMETHOD Run() override {
    hal::FMRadioOperationInformation info;
    info.operation() = mOp;
    info.status() = mStatus;
    info.frequency() = GetFMRadioFrequency();
    hal::NotifyFMRadioStatus(info);
    return NS_OK;
  }
};

/* Runs on the radio thread */
static void
initMsmFMRadio(hal::FMRadioSettings &aInfo)
{
  mozilla::ScopedClose fd(sRadioFD);
  char version[64];
  int rc;
  snprintf(version, sizeof(version), "%d", sMsmFMVersion);
  property_set("hw.fm.version", version);

  /* Set the mode for soc downloader */
  property_set("hw.fm.mode", "normal");
  /* start fm_dl service */
  property_set("ctl.start", "fm_dl");

  /*
   * Fix bug 800263. Wait until the FM radio chips initialization is done
   * then set other properties, or the system will hang and reboot. This
   * work around is from codeaurora
   * (git://codeaurora.org/platform/frameworks/base.git).
   */
  for (int i = 0; i < 4; ++i) {
    sleep(1);
    char value[PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    property_get("hw.fm.init", value, "0");
    if (!strcmp(value, "1")) {
      break;
    }
  }

  rc = setControl(V4L2_CID_PRIVATE_TAVARUA_STATE, FM_RECV);
  if (rc < 0) {
    HAL_LOG("Unable to turn on radio |%s|", strerror(errno));
    return;
  }

  int preEmphasis = aInfo.preEmphasis() <= 50;
  rc = setControl(V4L2_CID_PRIVATE_TAVARUA_EMPHASIS, preEmphasis);
  if (rc) {
    HAL_LOG("Unable to configure preemphasis");
    return;
  }

  rc = setControl(V4L2_CID_PRIVATE_TAVARUA_RDS_STD, 0);
  if (rc) {
    HAL_LOG("Unable to configure RDS");
    return;
  }

  int spacing;
  switch (aInfo.spaceType()) {
  case 50:
    spacing = FM_CH_SPACE_50KHZ;
    break;
  case 100:
    spacing = FM_CH_SPACE_100KHZ;
    break;
  case 200:
    spacing = FM_CH_SPACE_200KHZ;
    break;
  default:
    HAL_LOG("Unsupported space value - %d", aInfo.spaceType());
    return;
  }

  rc = setControl(V4L2_CID_PRIVATE_TAVARUA_SPACING, spacing);
  if (rc) {
    HAL_LOG("Unable to configure spacing");
    return;
  }

  /*
   * Frequency conversions
   *
   * HAL uses units of 1k for frequencies
   * V4L2 uses units of 62.5kHz
   * Multiplying by (10000 / 625) converts from HAL units to V4L2.
   */

  struct v4l2_tuner tuner = {0};
  tuner.rangelow = (aInfo.lowerLimit() * 10000) / 625;
  tuner.rangehigh = (aInfo.upperLimit() * 10000) / 625;
  tuner.audmode = V4L2_TUNER_MODE_STEREO;
  rc = ioctl(fd, VIDIOC_S_TUNER, &tuner);
  if (rc < 0) {
    HAL_LOG("Unable to adjust band limits");
    return;
  }

  rc = setControl(V4L2_CID_PRIVATE_TAVARUA_REGION, TAVARUA_REGION_OTHER);
  if (rc < 0) {
    HAL_LOG("Unable to configure region");
    return;
  }

  // Some devices do not support analog audio routing. This should be
  // indicated by the 'ro.moz.fm.noAnalog' property at build time.
  char propval[PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
  property_get("ro.moz.fm.noAnalog", propval, "");
  bool noAnalog = !strcmp(propval, "true");

  rc = setControl(V4L2_CID_PRIVATE_TAVARUA_SET_AUDIO_PATH,
                  noAnalog ? FM_DIGITAL_PATH : FM_ANALOG_PATH);
  if (rc < 0) {
    HAL_LOG("Unable to set audio path");
    return;
  }

  if (!noAnalog) {
    /* Set the mode for soc downloader */
    property_set("hw.fm.mode", "config_dac");
    /* Use analog mode FM */
    property_set("hw.fm.isAnalog", "true");
    /* start fm_dl service */
    property_set("ctl.start", "fm_dl");

    for (int i = 0; i < 4; ++i) {
      sleep(1);
      char value[PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
      property_get("hw.fm.init", value, "0");
      if (!strcmp(value, "1")) {
        break;
      }
    }
  }

  fd.forget();
  sRadioEnabled = true;
}

/* Runs on the radio thread */
static void *
runMsmFMRadio(void *)
{
  initMsmFMRadio(sRadioSettings);
  if (!sRadioEnabled) {
    NS_DispatchToMainThread(new RadioUpdate(hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_ENABLE,
                                            hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_STATUS_FAIL));
    return nullptr;
  }

  uint8_t buf[128];
  struct v4l2_buffer buffer = {0};
  buffer.index = 1;
  buffer.type = V4L2_BUF_TYPE_PRIVATE;
  buffer.length = sizeof(buf);
  buffer.m.userptr = (long unsigned int)buf;

  while (sRadioEnabled) {
    if (ioctl(sRadioFD, VIDIOC_DQBUF, &buffer) < 0) {
      if (errno == EINTR)
        continue;
      break;
    }

    /* The tavarua driver reports a number of things asynchronously.
     * In those cases, the status update comes from this thread. */
    for (unsigned int i = 0; i < buffer.bytesused; i++) {
      switch (buf[i]) {
      case TAVARUA_EVT_RADIO_READY:
        // The driver sends RADIO_READY both when we turn the radio on and when we turn
        // the radio off.
        if (sRadioEnabled) {
          NS_DispatchToMainThread(new RadioUpdate(hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_ENABLE,
                                                  hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_STATUS_SUCCESS));
        }
        break;

      case TAVARUA_EVT_SEEK_COMPLETE:
        NS_DispatchToMainThread(new RadioUpdate(hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_SEEK,
                                                hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_STATUS_SUCCESS));
        break;
      case TAVARUA_EVT_TUNE_SUCC:
        NS_DispatchToMainThread(new RadioUpdate(hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_TUNE,
                                                hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_STATUS_SUCCESS));
        break;
      default:
        break;
      }
    }
  }

  return nullptr;
}

/* This runs on the main thread but most of the
 * initialization is pushed to the radio thread. */
void
EnableFMRadio(const hal::FMRadioSettings& aInfo)
{
  if (sRadioEnabled) {
    HAL_LOG("Radio already enabled!");
    return;
  }

  hal::FMRadioOperationInformation info;
  info.operation() = hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_ENABLE;
  info.status() = hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_STATUS_FAIL;

  mozilla::ScopedClose fd(open("/dev/radio0", O_RDWR));
  if (fd < 0) {
    HAL_LOG("Unable to open radio device");
    hal::NotifyFMRadioStatus(info);
    return;
  }

  struct v4l2_capability cap = {{0}};
  int rc = ioctl(fd, VIDIOC_QUERYCAP, &cap);
  if (rc < 0) {
    HAL_LOG("Unable to query radio device");
    hal::NotifyFMRadioStatus(info);
    return;
  }

  sMsmFMMode = !strcmp((char *)cap.driver, "radio-tavarua") ||
      !strcmp((char *)cap.driver, "radio-iris");
  HAL_LOG("Radio: %s (%s)\n", cap.driver, cap.card);

  if (!(cap.capabilities & V4L2_CAP_RADIO)) {
    HAL_LOG("/dev/radio0 isn't a radio");
    hal::NotifyFMRadioStatus(info);
    return;
  }

  if (!(cap.capabilities & V4L2_CAP_TUNER)) {
    HAL_LOG("/dev/radio0 doesn't support the tuner interface");
    hal::NotifyFMRadioStatus(info);
    return;
  }

  sRDSSupported = cap.capabilities & V4L2_CAP_RDS_CAPTURE;
  sRadioSettings = aInfo;

  if (sMsmFMMode) {
    sRadioFD = fd.forget();
    sMsmFMVersion = cap.version;
    if (pthread_create(&sRadioThread, nullptr, runMsmFMRadio, nullptr)) {
      HAL_LOG("Couldn't create radio thread");
      hal::NotifyFMRadioStatus(info);
    }
    return;
  }

  struct v4l2_tuner tuner = {0};
  tuner.type = V4L2_TUNER_RADIO;
  tuner.rangelow = (aInfo.lowerLimit() * 10000) / 625;
  tuner.rangehigh = (aInfo.upperLimit() * 10000) / 625;
  tuner.audmode = V4L2_TUNER_MODE_STEREO;
  rc = ioctl(fd, VIDIOC_S_TUNER, &tuner);
  if (rc < 0) {
    HAL_LOG("Unable to adjust band limits");
  }

  int emphasis;
  switch (aInfo.preEmphasis()) {
  case 0:
    emphasis = V4L2_DEEMPHASIS_DISABLED;
    break;
  case 50:
    emphasis = V4L2_DEEMPHASIS_50_uS;
    break;
  case 75:
    emphasis = V4L2_DEEMPHASIS_75_uS;
    break;
  default:
    MOZ_CRASH("Invalid preemphasis setting");
    break;
  }
  rc = setControl(V4L2_CID_TUNE_DEEMPHASIS, emphasis);
  if (rc < 0) {
    HAL_LOG("Unable to configure deemphasis");
  }

  sRadioFD = fd.forget();
  sRadioEnabled = true;

  info.status() = hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_STATUS_SUCCESS;
  hal::NotifyFMRadioStatus(info);
}

void
DisableFMRadio()
{
  if (!sRadioEnabled)
    return;

  if (sRDSEnabled)
    hal::DisableRDS();

  sRadioEnabled = false;

  if (sMsmFMMode) {
    int rc = setControl(V4L2_CID_PRIVATE_TAVARUA_STATE, FM_OFF);
    if (rc < 0) {
      HAL_LOG("Unable to turn off radio");
    }

    pthread_join(sRadioThread, nullptr);
  }

  close(sRadioFD);

  hal::FMRadioOperationInformation info;
  info.operation() = hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_DISABLE;
  info.status() = hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_STATUS_SUCCESS;
  hal::NotifyFMRadioStatus(info);
}

void
FMRadioSeek(const hal::FMRadioSeekDirection& aDirection)
{
  struct v4l2_hw_freq_seek seek = {0};
  seek.type = V4L2_TUNER_RADIO;
  seek.seek_upward = aDirection == hal::FMRadioSeekDirection::FM_RADIO_SEEK_DIRECTION_UP;

  /* ICS and older don't have the spacing field */
#if ANDROID_VERSION == 15
  seek.reserved[0] = sRadioSettings.spaceType() * 1000;
#else
  seek.spacing = sRadioSettings.spaceType() * 1000;
#endif

  int rc = ioctl(sRadioFD, VIDIOC_S_HW_FREQ_SEEK, &seek);
  if (sMsmFMMode && rc >= 0)
    return;

  NS_DispatchToMainThread(new RadioUpdate(hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_SEEK,
                                          rc < 0 ?
                                          hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_STATUS_FAIL :
                                          hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_STATUS_SUCCESS));

  if (rc < 0) {
    HAL_LOG("Could not initiate hardware seek");
    return;
  }

  NS_DispatchToMainThread(new RadioUpdate(hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_TUNE,
                                          hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_STATUS_SUCCESS));
}

void
GetFMRadioSettings(hal::FMRadioSettings* aInfo)
{
  if (!sRadioEnabled) {
    return;
  }

  struct v4l2_tuner tuner = {0};
  int rc = ioctl(sRadioFD, VIDIOC_G_TUNER, &tuner);
  if (rc < 0) {
    HAL_LOG("Could not query fm radio for settings");
    return;
  }

  aInfo->upperLimit() = (tuner.rangehigh * 625) / 10000;
  aInfo->lowerLimit() = (tuner.rangelow * 625) / 10000;
}

void
SetFMRadioFrequency(const uint32_t frequency)
{
  struct v4l2_frequency freq = {0};
  freq.type = V4L2_TUNER_RADIO;
  freq.frequency = (frequency * 10000) / 625;

  int rc = ioctl(sRadioFD, VIDIOC_S_FREQUENCY, &freq);
  if (rc < 0)
    HAL_LOG("Could not set radio frequency");

  if (sMsmFMMode && rc >= 0)
    return;

  NS_DispatchToMainThread(new RadioUpdate(hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_TUNE,
                                          rc < 0 ?
                                          hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_STATUS_FAIL :
                                          hal::FM_RADIO_OPERATION_STATUS_SUCCESS));
}

uint32_t
GetFMRadioFrequency()
{
  if (!sRadioEnabled)
    return 0;

  struct v4l2_frequency freq = {0};
  int rc = ioctl(sRadioFD, VIDIOC_G_FREQUENCY, &freq);
  if (rc < 0) {
    HAL_LOG("Could not get radio frequency");
    return 0;
  }

  return (freq.frequency * 625) / 10000;
}

bool
IsFMRadioOn()
{
  return sRadioEnabled;
}

uint32_t
GetFMRadioSignalStrength()
{
  struct v4l2_tuner tuner = {0};
  int rc = ioctl(sRadioFD, VIDIOC_G_TUNER, &tuner);
  if (rc < 0) {
    HAL_LOG("Could not query fm radio for signal strength");
    return 0;
  }

  return tuner.signal;
}

void
CancelFMRadioSeek()
{}

/* Runs on the rds thread */
static void*
readRDSDataThread(void* data)
{
  v4l2_rds_data rdsblocks[16];
  uint16_t blocks[4];

  ScopedClose pipefd((int)data);

  ScopedClose epollfd(epoll_create(2));
  if (epollfd < 0) {
    HAL_LOG("Could not create epoll FD for RDS thread (%d)", errno);
    return nullptr;
  }

  epoll_event event = {
    EPOLLIN,
    { 0 }
  };

  event.data.fd = pipefd;
  if (epoll_ctl(epollfd, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, pipefd, &event) < 0) {
    HAL_LOG("Could not set up epoll FD for RDS thread (%d)", errno);
    return nullptr;
  }

  event.data.fd = sRadioFD;
  if (epoll_ctl(epollfd, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, sRadioFD, &event) < 0) {
    HAL_LOG("Could not set up epoll FD for RDS thread (%d)", errno);
    return nullptr;
  }

  epoll_event events[2] = {{ 0 }};
  int event_count;
  uint32_t block_bitmap = 0;
  while ((event_count = epoll_wait(epollfd, events, 2, -1)) > 0 ||
         errno == EINTR) {
    bool RDSDataAvailable = false;
    for (int i = 0; i < event_count; i++) {
      if (events[i].data.fd == pipefd) {
        if (!sRDSEnabled)
          return nullptr;
        char tmp[32];
        TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(read(pipefd, tmp, sizeof(tmp)));
      } else if (events[i].data.fd == sRadioFD) {
        RDSDataAvailable = true;
      }
    }

    if (!RDSDataAvailable)
      continue;

    ssize_t len =
      TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY(read(sRadioFD, rdsblocks, sizeof(rdsblocks)));
    if (len < 0) {
      HAL_LOG("Unexpected error while reading RDS data %d", errno);
      return nullptr;
    }

    int blockcount = len / sizeof(rdsblocks[0]);
    for (int i = 0; i < blockcount; i++) {
      if ((rdsblocks[i].block & V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_MSK) == V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_INVALID ||
           rdsblocks[i].block & V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_ERROR) {
        block_bitmap |= 1 << V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_INVALID;
        continue;
      }

      int blocknum = rdsblocks[i].block & V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_MSK;
      // In some cases, the full set of bits in an RDS group isn't
      // needed, in which case version B RDS groups can be sent.
      // Version B groups replace block C with block C' (V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_C_ALT).
      // Block C' always stores the PI code, so receivers can find the PI
      // code more quickly/reliably.
      // However, we only process whole RDS groups, so it doesn't matter here.
      if (blocknum == V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_C_ALT)
        blocknum = V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_C;
      if (blocknum > V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_D) {
        HAL_LOG("Unexpected RDS block number %d. This is a driver bug.",
                blocknum);
        continue;
      }

      if (blocknum == V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_A)
        block_bitmap = 0;

      // Skip the group if we skipped a block.
      // This stops us from processing blocks sent out of order.
      if (block_bitmap != ((1u << blocknum) - 1u)) {
        block_bitmap |= 1 << V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_INVALID;
        continue;
      }

      block_bitmap |= 1 << blocknum;

      blocks[blocknum] = (rdsblocks[i].msb << 8) | rdsblocks[i].lsb;

      // Make sure we have all 4 blocks and that they're valid
      if (block_bitmap != 0x0F)
        continue;

      hal::FMRadioRDSGroup group;
      group.blockA() = blocks[V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_A];
      group.blockB() = blocks[V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_B];
      group.blockC() = blocks[V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_C];
      group.blockD() = blocks[V4L2_RDS_BLOCK_D];
      NotifyFMRadioRDSGroup(group);
    }
  }

  return nullptr;
}

static int sRDSPipeFD;

bool
EnableRDS(uint32_t aMask)
{
  if (!sRadioEnabled || !sRDSSupported)
    return false;

  if (sMsmFMMode)
    setControl(V4L2_CID_PRIVATE_TAVARUA_RDSGROUP_MASK, aMask);

  if (sRDSEnabled)
    return true;

  int pipefd[2];
  int rc = pipe2(pipefd, O_NONBLOCK);
  if (rc < 0) {
    HAL_LOG("Could not create RDS thread signaling pipes (%d)", rc);
    return false;
  }

  ScopedClose writefd(pipefd[1]);
  ScopedClose readfd(pipefd[0]);

  rc = setControl(V4L2_CID_RDS_RECEPTION, true);
  if (rc < 0) {
    HAL_LOG("Could not enable RDS reception (%d)", rc);
    return false;
  }

  sRDSPipeFD = writefd;

  sRDSEnabled = true;

  rc = pthread_create(&sRDSThread, nullptr,
                      readRDSDataThread, (void*)pipefd[0]);
  if (rc) {
    HAL_LOG("Could not start RDS reception thread (%d)", rc);
    setControl(V4L2_CID_RDS_RECEPTION, false);
    sRDSEnabled = false;
    return false;
  }

  readfd.forget();
  writefd.forget();
  return true;
}

void
DisableRDS()
{
  if (!sRadioEnabled || !sRDSEnabled)
    return;

  int rc = setControl(V4L2_CID_RDS_RECEPTION, false);
  if (rc < 0) {
    HAL_LOG("Could not disable RDS reception (%d)", rc);
  }

  sRDSEnabled = false;

  write(sRDSPipeFD, "x", 1);

  pthread_join(sRDSThread, nullptr);

  close(sRDSPipeFD);
}

} // hal_impl
} // namespace mozilla