image/FrameAnimator.cpp
author Aaron Klotz <aklotz@mozilla.com>
Tue, 15 Jan 2019 13:39:49 -0700
changeset 511087 61a47d6d5e2617b297148e455d0a60a875df800c
parent 505383 6f3709b3878117466168c40affa7bca0b60cf75b
child 523588 e3315d7842089083b389fc666b51c693c05924fc
permissions -rw-r--r--
Bug 1511078: Follow-up - fix mingw build failures for TestNativeNt; r=bustage

/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 2; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*-
 * This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#include "FrameAnimator.h"

#include "mozilla/MemoryReporting.h"
#include "mozilla/Move.h"
#include "mozilla/CheckedInt.h"
#include "imgIContainer.h"
#include "LookupResult.h"
#include "MainThreadUtils.h"
#include "RasterImage.h"
#include "gfxPrefs.h"

#include "pixman.h"
#include <algorithm>

namespace mozilla {

using namespace gfx;

namespace image {

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// AnimationState implementation.
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

const gfx::IntRect AnimationState::UpdateState(
    bool aAnimationFinished, RasterImage* aImage, const gfx::IntSize& aSize,
    bool aAllowInvalidation /* = true */) {
  LookupResult result = SurfaceCache::Lookup(
      ImageKey(aImage),
      RasterSurfaceKey(aSize, DefaultSurfaceFlags(), PlaybackType::eAnimated),
      /* aMarkUsed = */ false);

  return UpdateStateInternal(result, aAnimationFinished, aSize,
                             aAllowInvalidation);
}

const gfx::IntRect AnimationState::UpdateStateInternal(
    LookupResult& aResult, bool aAnimationFinished, const gfx::IntSize& aSize,
    bool aAllowInvalidation /* = true */) {
  // Update mDiscarded and mIsCurrentlyDecoded.
  if (aResult.Type() == MatchType::NOT_FOUND) {
    // no frames, we've either been discarded, or never been decoded before.
    mDiscarded = mHasBeenDecoded;
    mIsCurrentlyDecoded = false;
  } else if (aResult.Type() == MatchType::PENDING) {
    // no frames yet, but a decoder is or will be working on it.
    mDiscarded = false;
    mIsCurrentlyDecoded = false;
    mHasRequestedDecode = true;
  } else {
    MOZ_ASSERT(aResult.Type() == MatchType::EXACT);
    mDiscarded = false;
    mHasRequestedDecode = true;

    // If mHasBeenDecoded is true then we know the true total frame count and
    // we can use it to determine if we have all the frames now so we know if
    // we are currently fully decoded.
    // If mHasBeenDecoded is false then we'll get another UpdateState call
    // when the decode finishes.
    if (mHasBeenDecoded) {
      Maybe<uint32_t> frameCount = FrameCount();
      MOZ_ASSERT(frameCount.isSome());
      mIsCurrentlyDecoded = aResult.Surface().IsFullyDecoded();
    }
  }

  gfx::IntRect ret;

  if (aAllowInvalidation) {
    // Update the value of mCompositedFrameInvalid.
    if (mIsCurrentlyDecoded || aAnimationFinished) {
      // Animated images that have finished their animation (ie because it is a
      // finite length animation) don't have RequestRefresh called on them, and
      // so mCompositedFrameInvalid would never get cleared. We clear it here
      // (and also in RasterImage::Decode when we create a decoder for an image
      // that has finished animated so it can display sooner than waiting until
      // the decode completes). We also do it if we are fully decoded. This is
      // safe to do for images that aren't finished animating because before we
      // paint the refresh driver will call into us to advance to the correct
      // frame, and that will succeed because we have all the frames.
      if (mCompositedFrameInvalid) {
        // Invalidate if we are marking the composited frame valid.
        ret.SizeTo(aSize);
      }
      mCompositedFrameInvalid = false;
    } else if (aResult.Type() == MatchType::NOT_FOUND ||
               aResult.Type() == MatchType::PENDING) {
      if (mHasRequestedDecode) {
        MOZ_ASSERT(gfxPrefs::ImageMemAnimatedDiscardable());
        mCompositedFrameInvalid = true;
      }
    }
    // Otherwise don't change the value of mCompositedFrameInvalid, it will be
    // updated by RequestRefresh.
  }

  return ret;
}

void AnimationState::NotifyDecodeComplete() { mHasBeenDecoded = true; }

void AnimationState::ResetAnimation() { mCurrentAnimationFrameIndex = 0; }

void AnimationState::SetAnimationMode(uint16_t aAnimationMode) {
  mAnimationMode = aAnimationMode;
}

void AnimationState::UpdateKnownFrameCount(uint32_t aFrameCount) {
  if (aFrameCount <= mFrameCount) {
    // Nothing to do. Since we can redecode animated images, we may see the same
    // sequence of updates replayed again, so seeing a smaller frame count than
    // what we already know about doesn't indicate an error.
    return;
  }

  MOZ_ASSERT(!mHasBeenDecoded, "Adding new frames after decoding is finished?");
  MOZ_ASSERT(aFrameCount <= mFrameCount + 1, "Skipped a frame?");

  mFrameCount = aFrameCount;
}

Maybe<uint32_t> AnimationState::FrameCount() const {
  return mHasBeenDecoded ? Some(mFrameCount) : Nothing();
}

void AnimationState::SetFirstFrameRefreshArea(const IntRect& aRefreshArea) {
  mFirstFrameRefreshArea = aRefreshArea;
}

void AnimationState::InitAnimationFrameTimeIfNecessary() {
  if (mCurrentAnimationFrameTime.IsNull()) {
    mCurrentAnimationFrameTime = TimeStamp::Now();
  }
}

void AnimationState::SetAnimationFrameTime(const TimeStamp& aTime) {
  mCurrentAnimationFrameTime = aTime;
}

bool AnimationState::MaybeAdvanceAnimationFrameTime(const TimeStamp& aTime) {
  if (!gfxPrefs::ImageAnimatedResumeFromLastDisplayed() ||
      mCurrentAnimationFrameTime >= aTime) {
    return false;
  }

  // We are configured to stop an animation when it is out of view, and restart
  // it from the same point when it comes back into view. The same applies if it
  // was discarded while out of view.
  mCurrentAnimationFrameTime = aTime;
  return true;
}

uint32_t AnimationState::GetCurrentAnimationFrameIndex() const {
  return mCurrentAnimationFrameIndex;
}

FrameTimeout AnimationState::LoopLength() const {
  // If we don't know the loop length yet, we have to treat it as infinite.
  if (!mLoopLength) {
    return FrameTimeout::Forever();
  }

  MOZ_ASSERT(mHasBeenDecoded,
             "We know the loop length but decoding isn't done?");

  // If we're not looping, a single loop time has no meaning.
  if (mAnimationMode != imgIContainer::kNormalAnimMode) {
    return FrameTimeout::Forever();
  }

  return *mLoopLength;
}

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// FrameAnimator implementation.
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

TimeStamp FrameAnimator::GetCurrentImgFrameEndTime(
    AnimationState& aState, FrameTimeout aCurrentTimeout) const {
  if (aCurrentTimeout == FrameTimeout::Forever()) {
    // We need to return a sentinel value in this case, because our logic
    // doesn't work correctly if we have an infinitely long timeout. We use one
    // year in the future as the sentinel because it works with the loop in
    // RequestRefresh() below.
    // XXX(seth): It'd be preferable to make our logic work correctly with
    // infinitely long timeouts.
    return TimeStamp::NowLoRes() + TimeDuration::FromMilliseconds(31536000.0);
  }

  TimeDuration durationOfTimeout =
      TimeDuration::FromMilliseconds(double(aCurrentTimeout.AsMilliseconds()));
  return aState.mCurrentAnimationFrameTime + durationOfTimeout;
}

RefreshResult FrameAnimator::AdvanceFrame(AnimationState& aState,
                                          DrawableSurface& aFrames,
                                          RefPtr<imgFrame>& aCurrentFrame,
                                          TimeStamp aTime) {
  AUTO_PROFILER_LABEL("FrameAnimator::AdvanceFrame", GRAPHICS);

  RefreshResult ret;

  // Determine what the next frame is, taking into account looping.
  uint32_t currentFrameIndex = aState.mCurrentAnimationFrameIndex;
  uint32_t nextFrameIndex = currentFrameIndex + 1;

  // Check if we're at the end of the loop. (FrameCount() returns Nothing() if
  // we don't know the total count yet.)
  if (aState.FrameCount() == Some(nextFrameIndex)) {
    // If we are not looping forever, initialize the loop counter
    if (aState.mLoopRemainingCount < 0 && aState.LoopCount() >= 0) {
      aState.mLoopRemainingCount = aState.LoopCount();
    }

    // If animation mode is "loop once", or we're at end of loop counter,
    // it's time to stop animating.
    if (aState.mAnimationMode == imgIContainer::kLoopOnceAnimMode ||
        aState.mLoopRemainingCount == 0) {
      ret.mAnimationFinished = true;
    }

    nextFrameIndex = 0;

    if (aState.mLoopRemainingCount > 0) {
      aState.mLoopRemainingCount--;
    }

    // If we're done, exit early.
    if (ret.mAnimationFinished) {
      return ret;
    }
  }

  if (nextFrameIndex >= aState.KnownFrameCount()) {
    // We've already advanced to the last decoded frame, nothing more we can do.
    // We're blocked by network/decoding from displaying the animation at the
    // rate specified, so that means the frame we are displaying (the latest
    // available) is the frame we want to be displaying at this time. So we
    // update the current animation time. If we didn't update the current
    // animation time then it could lag behind, which would indicate that we are
    // behind in the animation and should try to catch up. When we are done
    // decoding (and thus can loop around back to the start of the animation) we
    // would then jump to a random point in the animation to try to catch up.
    // But we were never behind in the animation.
    aState.mCurrentAnimationFrameTime = aTime;
    return ret;
  }

  // There can be frames in the surface cache with index >= KnownFrameCount()
  // which GetRawFrame() can access because an async decoder has decoded them,
  // but which AnimationState doesn't know about yet because we haven't received
  // the appropriate notification on the main thread. Make sure we stay in sync
  // with AnimationState.
  MOZ_ASSERT(nextFrameIndex < aState.KnownFrameCount());
  RefPtr<imgFrame> nextFrame = aFrames.GetFrame(nextFrameIndex);

  // We should always check to see if we have the next frame even if we have
  // previously finished decoding. If we needed to redecode (e.g. due to a draw
  // failure) we would have discarded all the old frames and may not yet have
  // the new ones. DrawableSurface::RawAccessRef promises to only return
  // finished frames.
  if (!nextFrame) {
    // Uh oh, the frame we want to show is currently being decoded (partial).
    // Similar to the above case, we could be blocked by network or decoding,
    // and so we should advance our current time rather than risk jumping
    // through the animation. We will wait until the next refresh driver tick
    // and try again.
    aState.mCurrentAnimationFrameTime = aTime;
    return ret;
  }

  if (nextFrame->GetTimeout() == FrameTimeout::Forever()) {
    ret.mAnimationFinished = true;
  }

  if (nextFrameIndex == 0) {
    MOZ_ASSERT(nextFrame->IsFullFrame());
    ret.mDirtyRect = aState.FirstFrameRefreshArea();
  } else if (!nextFrame->IsFullFrame()) {
    MOZ_ASSERT(nextFrameIndex == currentFrameIndex + 1);
    RawAccessFrameRef currentRef =
        aCurrentFrame->RawAccessRef(/* aFinished */ true);
    RawAccessFrameRef nextRef = nextFrame->RawAccessRef(/* aFinished */ true);

    // Change frame
    if (!DoBlend(currentRef, nextRef, nextFrameIndex, &ret.mDirtyRect)) {
      // something went wrong, move on to next
      NS_WARNING("FrameAnimator::AdvanceFrame(): Compositing of frame failed");
      nextFrame->SetCompositingFailed(true);
      aState.mCurrentAnimationFrameTime =
          GetCurrentImgFrameEndTime(aState, aCurrentFrame->GetTimeout());
      aState.mCurrentAnimationFrameIndex = nextFrameIndex;
      aState.mCompositedFrameRequested = false;
      aCurrentFrame = std::move(nextFrame);
      aFrames.Advance(nextFrameIndex);

      return ret;
    }

    nextFrame->SetCompositingFailed(false);
  } else {
    ret.mDirtyRect = nextFrame->GetDirtyRect();
  }

  aState.mCurrentAnimationFrameTime =
      GetCurrentImgFrameEndTime(aState, aCurrentFrame->GetTimeout());

  // If we can get closer to the current time by a multiple of the image's loop
  // time, we should. We can only do this if we're done decoding; otherwise, we
  // don't know the full loop length, and LoopLength() will have to return
  // FrameTimeout::Forever(). We also skip this for images with a finite loop
  // count if we have initialized mLoopRemainingCount (it only gets initialized
  // after one full loop).
  FrameTimeout loopTime = aState.LoopLength();
  if (loopTime != FrameTimeout::Forever() &&
      (aState.LoopCount() < 0 || aState.mLoopRemainingCount >= 0)) {
    TimeDuration delay = aTime - aState.mCurrentAnimationFrameTime;
    if (delay.ToMilliseconds() > loopTime.AsMilliseconds()) {
      // Explicitly use integer division to get the floor of the number of
      // loops.
      uint64_t loops = static_cast<uint64_t>(delay.ToMilliseconds()) /
                       loopTime.AsMilliseconds();

      // If we have a finite loop count limit the number of loops we advance.
      if (aState.mLoopRemainingCount >= 0) {
        MOZ_ASSERT(aState.LoopCount() >= 0);
        loops =
            std::min(loops, CheckedUint64(aState.mLoopRemainingCount).value());
      }

      aState.mCurrentAnimationFrameTime +=
          TimeDuration::FromMilliseconds(loops * loopTime.AsMilliseconds());

      if (aState.mLoopRemainingCount >= 0) {
        MOZ_ASSERT(loops <= CheckedUint64(aState.mLoopRemainingCount).value());
        aState.mLoopRemainingCount -= CheckedInt32(loops).value();
      }
    }
  }

  // Set currentAnimationFrameIndex at the last possible moment
  aState.mCurrentAnimationFrameIndex = nextFrameIndex;
  aState.mCompositedFrameRequested = false;
  aCurrentFrame = std::move(nextFrame);
  aFrames.Advance(nextFrameIndex);

  // If we're here, we successfully advanced the frame.
  ret.mFrameAdvanced = true;

  return ret;
}

void FrameAnimator::ResetAnimation(AnimationState& aState) {
  aState.ResetAnimation();

  // Our surface provider is synchronized to our state, so we need to reset its
  // state as well, if we still have one.
  LookupResult result = SurfaceCache::Lookup(
      ImageKey(mImage),
      RasterSurfaceKey(mSize, DefaultSurfaceFlags(), PlaybackType::eAnimated),
      /* aMarkUsed = */ false);
  if (!result) {
    return;
  }

  result.Surface().Reset();
}

RefreshResult FrameAnimator::RequestRefresh(AnimationState& aState,
                                            const TimeStamp& aTime,
                                            bool aAnimationFinished) {
  // By default, an empty RefreshResult.
  RefreshResult ret;

  if (aState.IsDiscarded()) {
    aState.MaybeAdvanceAnimationFrameTime(aTime);
    return ret;
  }

  // Get the animation frames once now, and pass them down to callees because
  // the surface could be discarded at anytime on a different thread. This is
  // must easier to reason about then trying to write code that is safe to
  // having the surface disappear at anytime.
  LookupResult result = SurfaceCache::Lookup(
      ImageKey(mImage),
      RasterSurfaceKey(mSize, DefaultSurfaceFlags(), PlaybackType::eAnimated),
      /* aMarkUsed = */ true);

  ret.mDirtyRect =
      aState.UpdateStateInternal(result, aAnimationFinished, mSize);
  if (aState.IsDiscarded() || !result) {
    aState.MaybeAdvanceAnimationFrameTime(aTime);
    if (!ret.mDirtyRect.IsEmpty()) {
      ret.mFrameAdvanced = true;
    }
    return ret;
  }

  RefPtr<imgFrame> currentFrame =
      result.Surface().GetFrame(aState.mCurrentAnimationFrameIndex);

  // only advance the frame if the current time is greater than or
  // equal to the current frame's end time.
  if (!currentFrame) {
    MOZ_ASSERT(gfxPrefs::ImageMemAnimatedDiscardable());
    MOZ_ASSERT(aState.GetHasRequestedDecode() &&
               !aState.GetIsCurrentlyDecoded());
    MOZ_ASSERT(aState.mCompositedFrameInvalid);
    // Nothing we can do but wait for our previous current frame to be decoded
    // again so we can determine what to do next.
    aState.MaybeAdvanceAnimationFrameTime(aTime);
    return ret;
  }

  TimeStamp currentFrameEndTime =
      GetCurrentImgFrameEndTime(aState, currentFrame->GetTimeout());

  // If nothing has accessed the composited frame since the last time we
  // advanced, then there is no point in continuing to advance the animation.
  // This has the effect of freezing the animation while not in view.
  if (!aState.mCompositedFrameRequested &&
      aState.MaybeAdvanceAnimationFrameTime(aTime)) {
    return ret;
  }

  while (currentFrameEndTime <= aTime) {
    TimeStamp oldFrameEndTime = currentFrameEndTime;

    RefreshResult frameRes =
        AdvanceFrame(aState, result.Surface(), currentFrame, aTime);

    // Accumulate our result for returning to callers.
    ret.Accumulate(frameRes);

    // currentFrame was updated by AdvanceFrame so it is still current.
    currentFrameEndTime =
        GetCurrentImgFrameEndTime(aState, currentFrame->GetTimeout());

    // If we didn't advance a frame, and our frame end time didn't change,
    // then we need to break out of this loop & wait for the frame(s)
    // to finish downloading.
    if (!frameRes.mFrameAdvanced && currentFrameEndTime == oldFrameEndTime) {
      break;
    }
  }

  // We should only mark the composited frame as valid and reset the dirty rect
  // if we advanced (meaning the next frame was actually produced somehow), the
  // composited frame was previously invalid (so we may need to repaint
  // everything) and either the frame index is valid (to know we were doing
  // blending on the main thread, instead of on the decoder threads in advance),
  // or the current frame is a full frame (blends off the main thread).
  //
  // If for some reason we forget to reset aState.mCompositedFrameInvalid, then
  // GetCompositedFrame will fail, even if we have all the data available for
  // display.
  if (currentFrameEndTime > aTime && aState.mCompositedFrameInvalid &&
      (mLastCompositedFrameIndex >= 0 || currentFrame->IsFullFrame())) {
    aState.mCompositedFrameInvalid = false;
    ret.mDirtyRect = IntRect(IntPoint(0, 0), mSize);
  }

  MOZ_ASSERT(!aState.mIsCurrentlyDecoded || !aState.mCompositedFrameInvalid);

  return ret;
}

LookupResult FrameAnimator::GetCompositedFrame(AnimationState& aState,
                                               bool aMarkUsed) {
  aState.mCompositedFrameRequested = true;

  // If we have a composited version of this frame, return that.
  if (!aState.mCompositedFrameInvalid && mLastCompositedFrameIndex >= 0 &&
      (uint32_t(mLastCompositedFrameIndex) ==
       aState.mCurrentAnimationFrameIndex)) {
    return LookupResult(DrawableSurface(mCompositingFrame->DrawableRef()),
                        MatchType::EXACT);
  }

  LookupResult result = SurfaceCache::Lookup(
      ImageKey(mImage),
      RasterSurfaceKey(mSize, DefaultSurfaceFlags(), PlaybackType::eAnimated),
      aMarkUsed);

  if (aState.mCompositedFrameInvalid) {
    MOZ_ASSERT(gfxPrefs::ImageMemAnimatedDiscardable());
    MOZ_ASSERT(aState.GetHasRequestedDecode());
    MOZ_ASSERT(!aState.GetIsCurrentlyDecoded());
    if (result.Type() == MatchType::NOT_FOUND) {
      return result;
    }
    return LookupResult(MatchType::PENDING);
  }

  // Otherwise return the raw frame. DoBlend is required to ensure that we only
  // hit this case if the frame is not paletted and doesn't require compositing.
  if (!result) {
    return result;
  }

  // Seek to the appropriate frame. If seeking fails, it means that we couldn't
  // get the frame we're looking for; treat this as if the lookup failed.
  if (NS_FAILED(result.Surface().Seek(aState.mCurrentAnimationFrameIndex))) {
    if (result.Type() == MatchType::NOT_FOUND) {
      return result;
    }
    return LookupResult(MatchType::PENDING);
  }

  MOZ_ASSERT(!result.Surface()->GetIsPaletted(),
             "About to return a paletted frame");

  return result;
}

static void DoCollectSizeOfCompositingSurfaces(
    const RawAccessFrameRef& aSurface, SurfaceMemoryCounterType aType,
    nsTArray<SurfaceMemoryCounter>& aCounters, MallocSizeOf aMallocSizeOf) {
  // Concoct a SurfaceKey for this surface.
  SurfaceKey key = RasterSurfaceKey(
      aSurface->GetImageSize(), DefaultSurfaceFlags(), PlaybackType::eStatic);

  // Extract the surface's memory usage information.
  aSurface->AddSizeOfExcludingThis(
      aMallocSizeOf, [&](imgFrame::AddSizeOfCbData& aMetadata) {
        // Create a counter for this surface.
        SurfaceMemoryCounter counter(key, /* aIsLocked = */ true,
                                     /* aCannotSubstitute */ false,
                                     /* aIsFactor2 */ false, aType);

        // Record it.
        counter.Values().SetDecodedHeap(aMetadata.heap);
        counter.Values().SetDecodedNonHeap(aMetadata.nonHeap);
        counter.Values().SetExternalHandles(aMetadata.handles);
        counter.Values().SetFrameIndex(aMetadata.index);
        counter.Values().SetExternalId(aMetadata.externalId);

        aCounters.AppendElement(counter);
      });
}

void FrameAnimator::CollectSizeOfCompositingSurfaces(
    nsTArray<SurfaceMemoryCounter>& aCounters,
    MallocSizeOf aMallocSizeOf) const {
  if (mCompositingFrame) {
    DoCollectSizeOfCompositingSurfaces(mCompositingFrame,
                                       SurfaceMemoryCounterType::COMPOSITING,
                                       aCounters, aMallocSizeOf);
  }

  if (mCompositingPrevFrame) {
    DoCollectSizeOfCompositingSurfaces(
        mCompositingPrevFrame, SurfaceMemoryCounterType::COMPOSITING_PREV,
        aCounters, aMallocSizeOf);
  }
}

//******************************************************************************
// DoBlend gets called when the timer for animation get fired and we have to
// update the composited frame of the animation.
bool FrameAnimator::DoBlend(const RawAccessFrameRef& aPrevFrame,
                            const RawAccessFrameRef& aNextFrame,
                            uint32_t aNextFrameIndex, IntRect* aDirtyRect) {
  if (!aPrevFrame || !aNextFrame) {
    MOZ_ASSERT_UNREACHABLE("Should have RawAccessFrameRefs to blend!");
    return false;
  }

  DisposalMethod prevDisposalMethod = aPrevFrame->GetDisposalMethod();
  bool prevHasAlpha = aPrevFrame->FormatHasAlpha();
  if (prevDisposalMethod == DisposalMethod::RESTORE_PREVIOUS &&
      !mCompositingPrevFrame) {
    prevDisposalMethod = DisposalMethod::CLEAR;
  }

  IntRect prevRect = aPrevFrame->GetBoundedBlendRect();
  bool isFullPrevFrame = prevRect.IsEqualRect(0, 0, mSize.width, mSize.height);

  // Optimization: DisposeClearAll if the previous frame is the same size as
  //               container and it's clearing itself
  if (isFullPrevFrame && (prevDisposalMethod == DisposalMethod::CLEAR)) {
    prevDisposalMethod = DisposalMethod::CLEAR_ALL;
  }

  DisposalMethod nextDisposalMethod = aNextFrame->GetDisposalMethod();
  bool nextHasAlpha = aNextFrame->FormatHasAlpha();

  IntRect nextRect = aNextFrame->GetBoundedBlendRect();
  bool isFullNextFrame = nextRect.IsEqualRect(0, 0, mSize.width, mSize.height);

  if (!aNextFrame->GetIsPaletted()) {
    // Optimization: Skip compositing if the previous frame wants to clear the
    //               whole image
    if (prevDisposalMethod == DisposalMethod::CLEAR_ALL) {
      aDirtyRect->SetRect(0, 0, mSize.width, mSize.height);
      return true;
    }

    // Optimization: Skip compositing if this frame is the same size as the
    //               container and it's fully drawing over prev frame (no alpha)
    if (isFullNextFrame &&
        (nextDisposalMethod != DisposalMethod::RESTORE_PREVIOUS) &&
        !nextHasAlpha) {
      aDirtyRect->SetRect(0, 0, mSize.width, mSize.height);
      return true;
    }
  }

  // Calculate area that needs updating
  switch (prevDisposalMethod) {
    default:
      MOZ_FALLTHROUGH_ASSERT("Unexpected DisposalMethod");
    case DisposalMethod::NOT_SPECIFIED:
    case DisposalMethod::KEEP:
      *aDirtyRect = nextRect;
      break;

    case DisposalMethod::CLEAR_ALL:
      // Whole image container is cleared
      aDirtyRect->SetRect(0, 0, mSize.width, mSize.height);
      break;

    case DisposalMethod::CLEAR:
      // Calc area that needs to be redrawn (the combination of previous and
      // this frame)
      // XXX - This could be done with multiple framechanged calls
      //       Having aPrevFrame way at the top of the image, and aNextFrame
      //       way at the bottom, and both frames being small, we'd be
      //       telling framechanged to refresh the whole image when only two
      //       small areas are needed.
      aDirtyRect->UnionRect(nextRect, prevRect);
      break;

    case DisposalMethod::RESTORE_PREVIOUS:
      aDirtyRect->SetRect(0, 0, mSize.width, mSize.height);
      break;
  }

  // Optimization:
  //   Skip compositing if the last composited frame is this frame
  //   (Only one composited frame was made for this animation.  Example:
  //    Only Frame 3 of a 10 frame image required us to build a composite frame
  //    On the second loop, we do not need to rebuild the frame
  //    since it's still sitting in compositingFrame)
  if (mLastCompositedFrameIndex == int32_t(aNextFrameIndex)) {
    return true;
  }

  bool needToBlankComposite = false;

  // Create the Compositing Frame
  if (!mCompositingFrame) {
    RefPtr<imgFrame> newFrame = new imgFrame;
    nsresult rv = newFrame->InitForAnimator(mSize, SurfaceFormat::B8G8R8A8);
    if (NS_FAILED(rv)) {
      mCompositingFrame.reset();
      return false;
    }
    mCompositingFrame = newFrame->RawAccessRef();
    needToBlankComposite = true;
  } else if (int32_t(aNextFrameIndex) != mLastCompositedFrameIndex + 1) {
    // If we are not drawing on top of last composited frame,
    // then we are building a new composite frame, so let's clear it first.
    needToBlankComposite = true;
  }

  // More optimizations possible when next frame is not transparent
  // But if the next frame has DisposalMethod::RESTORE_PREVIOUS,
  // this "no disposal" optimization is not possible,
  // because the frame in "after disposal operation" state
  // needs to be stored in compositingFrame, so it can be
  // copied into compositingPrevFrame later.
  bool doDisposal = true;
  if (!nextHasAlpha && nextDisposalMethod != DisposalMethod::RESTORE_PREVIOUS) {
    if (isFullNextFrame) {
      // Optimization: No need to dispose prev.frame when
      // next frame is full frame and not transparent.
      doDisposal = false;
      // No need to blank the composite frame
      needToBlankComposite = false;
    } else {
      if ((prevRect.X() >= nextRect.X()) && (prevRect.Y() >= nextRect.Y()) &&
          (prevRect.XMost() <= nextRect.XMost()) &&
          (prevRect.YMost() <= nextRect.YMost())) {
        // Optimization: No need to dispose prev.frame when
        // next frame fully overlaps previous frame.
        doDisposal = false;
      }
    }
  }

  if (doDisposal) {
    // Dispose of previous: clear, restore, or keep (copy)
    switch (prevDisposalMethod) {
      case DisposalMethod::CLEAR:
        if (needToBlankComposite) {
          // If we just created the composite, it could have anything in its
          // buffer. Clear whole frame
          ClearFrame(mCompositingFrame.Data(), mCompositingFrame->GetRect());
        } else {
          // Only blank out previous frame area (both color & Mask/Alpha)
          ClearFrame(mCompositingFrame.Data(), mCompositingFrame->GetRect(),
                     prevRect);
        }
        break;

      case DisposalMethod::CLEAR_ALL:
        ClearFrame(mCompositingFrame.Data(), mCompositingFrame->GetRect());
        break;

      case DisposalMethod::RESTORE_PREVIOUS:
        // It would be better to copy only the area changed back to
        // compositingFrame.
        if (mCompositingPrevFrame) {
          CopyFrameImage(
              mCompositingPrevFrame.Data(), mCompositingPrevFrame->GetRect(),
              mCompositingFrame.Data(), mCompositingFrame->GetRect());

          // destroy only if we don't need it for this frame's disposal
          if (nextDisposalMethod != DisposalMethod::RESTORE_PREVIOUS) {
            mCompositingPrevFrame.reset();
          }
        } else {
          ClearFrame(mCompositingFrame.Data(), mCompositingFrame->GetRect());
        }
        break;

      default:
        MOZ_FALLTHROUGH_ASSERT("Unexpected DisposalMethod");
      case DisposalMethod::NOT_SPECIFIED:
      case DisposalMethod::KEEP:
        // Copy previous frame into compositingFrame before we put the new
        // frame on top
        // Assumes that the previous frame represents a full frame (it could be
        // smaller in size than the container, as long as the frame before it
        // erased itself)
        // Note: Frame 1 never gets into DoBlend(), so (aNextFrameIndex - 1)
        // will always be a valid frame number.
        if (mLastCompositedFrameIndex != int32_t(aNextFrameIndex - 1)) {
          if (isFullPrevFrame && !aPrevFrame->GetIsPaletted()) {
            // Just copy the bits
            CopyFrameImage(aPrevFrame.Data(), prevRect,
                           mCompositingFrame.Data(),
                           mCompositingFrame->GetRect());
          } else {
            if (needToBlankComposite) {
              // Only blank composite when prev is transparent or not full.
              if (prevHasAlpha || !isFullPrevFrame) {
                ClearFrame(mCompositingFrame.Data(),
                           mCompositingFrame->GetRect());
              }
            }
            DrawFrameTo(aPrevFrame.Data(), aPrevFrame->GetRect(),
                        aPrevFrame.PaletteDataLength(), prevHasAlpha,
                        mCompositingFrame.Data(), mCompositingFrame->GetRect(),
                        aPrevFrame->GetBlendMethod(),
                        aPrevFrame->GetBlendRect());
          }
        }
    }
  } else if (needToBlankComposite) {
    // If we just created the composite, it could have anything in its
    // buffers. Clear them
    ClearFrame(mCompositingFrame.Data(), mCompositingFrame->GetRect());
  }

  // Check if the frame we are composing wants the previous image restored after
  // it is done. Don't store it (again) if last frame wanted its image restored
  // too
  if ((nextDisposalMethod == DisposalMethod::RESTORE_PREVIOUS) &&
      (prevDisposalMethod != DisposalMethod::RESTORE_PREVIOUS)) {
    // We are storing the whole image.
    // It would be better if we just stored the area that aNextFrame is going to
    // overwrite.
    if (!mCompositingPrevFrame) {
      RefPtr<imgFrame> newFrame = new imgFrame;
      nsresult rv = newFrame->InitForAnimator(mSize, SurfaceFormat::B8G8R8A8);
      if (NS_FAILED(rv)) {
        mCompositingPrevFrame.reset();
        return false;
      }

      mCompositingPrevFrame = newFrame->RawAccessRef();
    }

    CopyFrameImage(mCompositingFrame.Data(), mCompositingFrame->GetRect(),
                   mCompositingPrevFrame.Data(),
                   mCompositingPrevFrame->GetRect());

    mCompositingPrevFrame->Finish();
  }

  // blit next frame into it's correct spot
  DrawFrameTo(aNextFrame.Data(), aNextFrame->GetRect(),
              aNextFrame.PaletteDataLength(), nextHasAlpha,
              mCompositingFrame.Data(), mCompositingFrame->GetRect(),
              aNextFrame->GetBlendMethod(), aNextFrame->GetBlendRect());

  // Tell the image that it is fully 'downloaded'.
  mCompositingFrame->Finish();

  mLastCompositedFrameIndex = int32_t(aNextFrameIndex);

  return true;
}

//******************************************************************************
// Fill aFrame with black. Does also clears the mask.
void FrameAnimator::ClearFrame(uint8_t* aFrameData, const IntRect& aFrameRect) {
  if (!aFrameData) {
    return;
  }

  memset(aFrameData, 0, aFrameRect.Width() * aFrameRect.Height() * 4);
}

//******************************************************************************
void FrameAnimator::ClearFrame(uint8_t* aFrameData, const IntRect& aFrameRect,
                               const IntRect& aRectToClear) {
  if (!aFrameData || aFrameRect.Width() <= 0 || aFrameRect.Height() <= 0 ||
      aRectToClear.Width() <= 0 || aRectToClear.Height() <= 0) {
    return;
  }

  IntRect toClear = aFrameRect.Intersect(aRectToClear);
  if (toClear.IsEmpty()) {
    return;
  }

  uint32_t bytesPerRow = aFrameRect.Width() * 4;
  for (int row = toClear.Y(); row < toClear.YMost(); ++row) {
    memset(aFrameData + toClear.X() * 4 + row * bytesPerRow, 0,
           toClear.Width() * 4);
  }
}

//******************************************************************************
// Whether we succeed or fail will not cause a crash, and there's not much
// we can do about a failure, so there we don't return a nsresult
bool FrameAnimator::CopyFrameImage(const uint8_t* aDataSrc,
                                   const IntRect& aRectSrc, uint8_t* aDataDest,
                                   const IntRect& aRectDest) {
  uint32_t dataLengthSrc = aRectSrc.Width() * aRectSrc.Height() * 4;
  uint32_t dataLengthDest = aRectDest.Width() * aRectDest.Height() * 4;

  if (!aDataDest || !aDataSrc || dataLengthSrc != dataLengthDest) {
    return false;
  }

  memcpy(aDataDest, aDataSrc, dataLengthDest);

  return true;
}

nsresult FrameAnimator::DrawFrameTo(const uint8_t* aSrcData,
                                    const IntRect& aSrcRect,
                                    uint32_t aSrcPaletteLength,
                                    bool aSrcHasAlpha, uint8_t* aDstPixels,
                                    const IntRect& aDstRect,
                                    BlendMethod aBlendMethod,
                                    const IntRect& aBlendRect) {
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(aSrcData);
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(aDstPixels);

  // According to both AGIF and APNG specs, offsets are unsigned
  if (aSrcRect.X() < 0 || aSrcRect.Y() < 0) {
    NS_WARNING("FrameAnimator::DrawFrameTo: negative offsets not allowed");
    return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
  }

  // Outside the destination frame, skip it
  if ((aSrcRect.X() > aDstRect.Width()) || (aSrcRect.Y() > aDstRect.Height())) {
    return NS_OK;
  }

  if (aSrcPaletteLength) {
    // Larger than the destination frame, clip it
    int32_t width = std::min(aSrcRect.Width(), aDstRect.Width() - aSrcRect.X());
    int32_t height =
        std::min(aSrcRect.Height(), aDstRect.Height() - aSrcRect.Y());

    // The clipped image must now fully fit within destination image frame
    NS_ASSERTION((aSrcRect.X() >= 0) && (aSrcRect.Y() >= 0) &&
                     (aSrcRect.X() + width <= aDstRect.Width()) &&
                     (aSrcRect.Y() + height <= aDstRect.Height()),
                 "FrameAnimator::DrawFrameTo: Invalid aSrcRect");

    // clipped image size may be smaller than source, but not larger
    NS_ASSERTION(
        (width <= aSrcRect.Width()) && (height <= aSrcRect.Height()),
        "FrameAnimator::DrawFrameTo: source must be smaller than dest");

    // Get pointers to image data
    const uint8_t* srcPixels = aSrcData + aSrcPaletteLength;
    uint32_t* dstPixels = reinterpret_cast<uint32_t*>(aDstPixels);
    const uint32_t* colormap = reinterpret_cast<const uint32_t*>(aSrcData);

    // Skip to the right offset
    dstPixels += aSrcRect.X() + (aSrcRect.Y() * aDstRect.Width());
    if (!aSrcHasAlpha) {
      for (int32_t r = height; r > 0; --r) {
        for (int32_t c = 0; c < width; c++) {
          dstPixels[c] = colormap[srcPixels[c]];
        }
        // Go to the next row in the source resp. destination image
        srcPixels += aSrcRect.Width();
        dstPixels += aDstRect.Width();
      }
    } else {
      for (int32_t r = height; r > 0; --r) {
        for (int32_t c = 0; c < width; c++) {
          const uint32_t color = colormap[srcPixels[c]];
          if (color) {
            dstPixels[c] = color;
          }
        }
        // Go to the next row in the source resp. destination image
        srcPixels += aSrcRect.Width();
        dstPixels += aDstRect.Width();
      }
    }
  } else {
    pixman_image_t* src = pixman_image_create_bits(
        aSrcHasAlpha ? PIXMAN_a8r8g8b8 : PIXMAN_x8r8g8b8, aSrcRect.Width(),
        aSrcRect.Height(),
        reinterpret_cast<uint32_t*>(const_cast<uint8_t*>(aSrcData)),
        aSrcRect.Width() * 4);
    if (!src) {
      return NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY;
    }
    pixman_image_t* dst = pixman_image_create_bits(
        PIXMAN_a8r8g8b8, aDstRect.Width(), aDstRect.Height(),
        reinterpret_cast<uint32_t*>(aDstPixels), aDstRect.Width() * 4);
    if (!dst) {
      pixman_image_unref(src);
      return NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY;
    }

    // XXX(seth): This is inefficient but we'll remove it quite soon when we
    // move frame compositing into SurfacePipe. For now we need this because
    // RemoveFrameRectFilter has transformed PNG frames with frame rects into
    // imgFrame's with no frame rects, but with a region of 0 alpha where the
    // frame rect should be. This works really nicely if we're using
    // BlendMethod::OVER, but BlendMethod::SOURCE will result in that frame rect
    // area overwriting the previous frame, which makes the animation look
    // wrong. This quick hack fixes that by first compositing the whle new frame
    // with BlendMethod::OVER, and then recopying the area that uses
    // BlendMethod::SOURCE if needed. To make this work, the decoder has to
    // provide a "blend rect" that tells us where to do this. This is just the
    // frame rect, but hidden in a way that makes it invisible to most of the
    // system, so we can keep eliminating dependencies on it.
    auto op =
        aBlendMethod == BlendMethod::SOURCE ? PIXMAN_OP_SRC : PIXMAN_OP_OVER;

    if (aBlendMethod == BlendMethod::OVER ||
        (aBlendMethod == BlendMethod::SOURCE &&
         aSrcRect.IsEqualEdges(aBlendRect))) {
      // We don't need to do anything clever. (Or, in the case where no blend
      // rect was specified, we can't.)
      pixman_image_composite32(op, src, nullptr, dst, 0, 0, 0, 0, aSrcRect.X(),
                               aSrcRect.Y(), aSrcRect.Width(),
                               aSrcRect.Height());
    } else {
      // We need to do the OVER followed by SOURCE trick above.
      pixman_image_composite32(PIXMAN_OP_OVER, src, nullptr, dst, 0, 0, 0, 0,
                               aSrcRect.X(), aSrcRect.Y(), aSrcRect.Width(),
                               aSrcRect.Height());
      pixman_image_composite32(PIXMAN_OP_SRC, src, nullptr, dst, aBlendRect.X(),
                               aBlendRect.Y(), 0, 0, aBlendRect.X(),
                               aBlendRect.Y(), aBlendRect.Width(),
                               aBlendRect.Height());
    }

    pixman_image_unref(src);
    pixman_image_unref(dst);
  }

  return NS_OK;
}

}  // namespace image
}  // namespace mozilla