build/pypng/plan9topng.py
author Neil Rashbrook <neil@parkwaycc.co.uk>
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 00:42:42 +0100
changeset 21680 5576f057ebbd3e81298c72d4bf55e50a2cacb4b5
parent 8729 923b924c9422bddc54a3d8c08b765da58dddeedd
permissions -rw-r--r--
Bug 962910 Find bar should use a system key event listener r=Ratty a=IanN a=Ratty for checkin to a CLOSED TREE

#!/usr/bin/env python
# $Rev: 184 $
# $URL: http://pypng.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/code/plan9topng.py $

# Imported from //depot/prj/plan9topam/master/code/plan9topam.py#4 on
# 2009-06-15.

"""Command line tool to convert from Plan 9 image format to PNG format.

Plan 9 image format description:
http://plan9.bell-labs.com/magic/man2html/6/image
"""

# http://www.python.org/doc/2.3.5/lib/module-itertools.html
import itertools
# http://www.python.org/doc/2.3.5/lib/module-re.html
import re
# http://www.python.org/doc/2.3.5/lib/module-sys.html
import sys

def block(s, n):
    # See http://www.python.org/doc/2.6.2/library/functions.html#zip
    return zip(*[iter(s)]*n)

def convert(f, output=sys.stdout) :
  """Convert Plan 9 file to PNG format.  Works with either uncompressed
  or compressed files.
  """

  r = f.read(11)
  if r == 'compressed\n' :
    png(output, *decompress(f))
  else :
    png(output, *glue(f, r))


def glue(f, r) :
  """Return (metadata, stream) pair where `r` is the initial portion of
  the metadata that has already been read from the stream `f`.
  """

  r = r + f.read(60-len(r))
  return (r, f)

def meta(r) :
  """Convert 60 character string `r`, the metadata from an image file.
  Returns a 5-tuple (*chan*,*minx*,*miny*,*limx*,*limy*).  5-tuples may
  settle into lists in transit.
  
  As per http://plan9.bell-labs.com/magic/man2html/6/image the metadata
  comprises 5 words separated by blanks.  As it happens each word starts
  at an index that is a multiple of 12, but this routine does not care
  about that."""

  r = r.split()
  # :todo: raise FormatError
  assert len(r) == 5
  r = [r[0]] + map(int, r[1:])
  return r

def bitdepthof(pixel) :
    """Return the bitdepth for a Plan9 pixel format string."""

    maxd = 0
    for c in re.findall(r'[a-z]\d*', pixel) :
        if c[0] != 'x':
            maxd = max(maxd, int(c[1:]))
    return maxd

def maxvalof(pixel):
  """Return the netpbm MAXVAL for a Plan9 pixel format string."""

  bitdepth = bitdepthof(pixel)
  return (2**bitdepth)-1

def pixmeta(metadata, f) :
    """Convert (uncompressed) Plan 9 image file to pair of (*metadata*,
    *pixels*).  This is intended to be used by PyPNG format.  *metadata*
    is the metadata returned in a dictionary, *pixels* is an iterator that
    yields each row in boxed row flat pixel format.

    `f`, the input file, should be cued up to the start of the image data.
    """

    chan,minx,miny,limx,limy = metadata
    rows = limy - miny
    width = limx - minx
    nchans = len(re.findall('[a-wyz]', chan))
    alpha = 'a' in chan
    # Iverson's convention for the win!
    ncolour = nchans - alpha
    greyscale = ncolour == 1
    bitdepth = bitdepthof(chan)
    maxval = 2**bitdepth - 1
    # PNG style metadata
    meta=dict(size=(width,rows), bitdepth=bitdepthof(chan),
      greyscale=greyscale, alpha=alpha, planes=nchans)

    return itertools.imap(lambda x: itertools.chain(*x),
      block(unpack(f, rows, width, chan, maxval), width)), meta

def png(out, metadata, f):
    """Convert to PNG format.  `metadata` should be a Plan9 5-tuple; `f`
    the input file (see :meth:`pixmeta`).
    """

    import png

    pixels,meta = pixmeta(metadata, f)
    p = png.Writer(**meta)
    p.write(out, pixels)

def spam():
  """Not really spam, but old PAM code, which is in limbo."""

  if nchans == 3 or nchans == 1 :
    # PGM (P5) or PPM (P6) format.
    output.write('P%d\n%d %d %d\n' % (5+(nchans==3), width, rows, maxval))
  else :
    # PAM format.
    output.write("""P7
WIDTH %d
HEIGHT %d
DEPTH %d
MAXVAL %d
""" % (width, rows, nchans, maxval))

def unpack(f, rows, width, pixel, maxval) :
  """Unpack `f` into pixels.  Assumes the pixel format is such that the depth
  is either a multiple or a divisor of 8.
  `f` is assumed to be an iterator that returns blocks of input such
  that each block contains a whole number of pixels.  An iterator is
  returned that yields each pixel as an n-tuple.  `pixel` describes the
  pixel format using the Plan9 syntax ("k8", "r8g8b8", and so on).
  """

  def mask(w) :
    """An integer, to be used as a mask, with bottom `w` bits set to 1."""

    return (1 << w)-1

  def deblock(f, depth, width) :
    """A "packer" used to convert multiple bytes into single pixels.
    `depth` is the pixel depth in bits (>= 8), `width` is the row width in
    pixels.
    """

    w = depth // 8
    i = 0
    for block in f :
      for i in range(len(block)//w) :
        p = block[w*i:w*(i+1)]
        i += w
        # Convert p to little-endian integer, x
        x = 0
        s = 1 # scale
        for j in p :
          x += s * ord(j)
          s <<= 8
        yield x

  def bitfunge(f, depth, width) :
    """A "packer" used to convert single bytes into multiple pixels.
    Depth is the pixel depth (< 8), width is the row width in pixels.
    """

    for block in f :
      col = 0
      for i in block :
        x = ord(i)
        for j in range(8/depth) :
          yield x >> (8 - depth)
          col += 1
          if col == width :
            # A row-end forces a new byte even if we haven't consumed
            # all of the current byte.  Effectively rows are bit-padded
            # to make a whole number of bytes.
            col = 0
            break
          x <<= depth

  # number of bits in each channel
  chan = map(int, re.findall(r'\d+', pixel))
  # type of each channel
  type = re.findall('[a-z]', pixel)

  depth = sum(chan)

  # According to the value of depth pick a "packer" that either gathers
  # multiple bytes into a single pixel (for depth >= 8) or split bytes
  # into several pixels (for depth < 8)
  if depth >= 8 :
    # 
    assert depth % 8 == 0
    packer = deblock
  else :
    assert 8 % depth == 0
    packer = bitfunge

  for x in packer(f, depth, width) :
    # x is the pixel as an unsigned integer
    o = []
    # This is a bit yucky.  Extract each channel from the _most_
    # significant part of x.
    for j in range(len(chan)) :
      v = (x >> (depth - chan[j])) & mask(chan[j])
      x <<= chan[j]
      if type[j] != 'x' :
        # scale to maxval
        v = v * float(maxval) / mask(chan[j])
        v = int(v+0.5)
        o.append(v)
    yield o


def decompress(f) :
  """Decompress a Plan 9 image file.  Assumes f is already cued past the
  initial 'compressed\n' string.
  """

  r = meta(f.read(60))
  return r, decomprest(f, r[4])


def decomprest(f, rows) :
  """Iterator that decompresses the rest of a file once the metadata
  have been consumed."""

  row = 0
  while row < rows :
    row,o = deblock(f)
    yield o


def deblock(f) :
  """Decompress a single block from a compressed Plan 9 image file.
  Each block starts with 2 decimal strings of 12 bytes each.  Yields a
  sequence of (row, data) pairs where row is the total number of rows
  processed according to the file format and data is the decompressed
  data for a set of rows."""

  row = int(f.read(12))
  size = int(f.read(12))
  if not (0 <= size <= 6000) :
    raise 'block has invalid size; not a Plan 9 image file?'

  # Since each block is at most 6000 bytes we may as well read it all in
  # one go.
  d = f.read(size)
  i = 0
  o = []

  while i < size :
    x = ord(d[i])
    i += 1
    if x & 0x80 :
      x = (x & 0x7f) + 1
      lit = d[i:i+x]
      i += x
      o.extend(lit)
      continue
    # x's high-order bit is 0
    l = (x >> 2) + 3
    # Offset is made from bottom 2 bits of x and all 8 bits of next
    # byte.  http://plan9.bell-labs.com/magic/man2html/6/image doesn't
    # say whether x's 2 bits are most signiificant or least significant.
    # But it is clear from inspecting a random file,
    # http://plan9.bell-labs.com/sources/plan9/sys/games/lib/sokoban/images/cargo.bit
    # that x's 2 bit are most significant.
    # 
    offset = (x & 3) << 8
    offset |= ord(d[i])
    i += 1
    # Note: complement operator neatly maps (0 to 1023) to (-1 to
    # -1024).  Adding len(o) gives a (non-negative) offset into o from
    # which to start indexing.
    offset = ~offset + len(o)
    if offset < 0 :
      raise 'byte offset indexes off the begininning of the output buffer; not a Plan 9 image file?'
    for j in range(l) :
      o.append(o[offset+j])
  return row,''.join(o)

def main(argv=None) :
  if argv is None :
    argv = sys.argv
  if len(sys.argv) <= 1 :
    return convert(sys.stdin)
  else :
    return convert(open(argv[1], 'rb'))

if __name__ == '__main__' :
  sys.exit(main())