Bug 1234698, Upgrade to sqlite 3.10.2, approval from ekr/wtc/ryan.sleevi
authorKai Engert <kaie@kuix.de>
Fri, 05 Feb 2016 22:47:40 +0100
changeset 11859 49370f8de30ac2dbf6e065a60a3ba30d62551aa2
parent 11858 b459ec1f23f77b1377f56cb00e3900be0c504964
child 11860 027d796daad2a84a540e4c7db77ec5ede1da5851
push id969
push userkaie@kuix.de
push dateFri, 05 Feb 2016 21:47:55 +0000
bugs1234698
Bug 1234698, Upgrade to sqlite 3.10.2, approval from ekr/wtc/ryan.sleevi
lib/sqlite/README
lib/sqlite/sqlite3.c
lib/sqlite/sqlite3.h
--- a/lib/sqlite/README
+++ b/lib/sqlite/README
@@ -1,3 +1,3 @@
-This is SQLite 3.7.14.1.
+This is SQLite 3.10.2.
 
 Local changes:
--- a/lib/sqlite/sqlite3.c
+++ b/lib/sqlite/sqlite3.c
@@ -1,11 +1,11 @@
 /******************************************************************************
 ** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
-** version 3.7.15.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
+** version 3.10.2.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
 ** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
 ** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
 ** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
 ** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
 ** translation unit.
 **
 ** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
 ** programs, you need this file and the "sqlite3.h" header file that defines
@@ -17,19 +17,16 @@
 ** language. The code for the "sqlite3" command-line shell is also in a
 ** separate file. This file contains only code for the core SQLite library.
 */
 #define SQLITE_CORE 1
 #define SQLITE_AMALGAMATION 1
 #ifndef SQLITE_PRIVATE
 # define SQLITE_PRIVATE static
 #endif
-#ifndef SQLITE_API
-# define SQLITE_API
-#endif
 /************** Begin file sqliteInt.h ***************************************/
 /*
 ** 2001 September 15
 **
 ** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
 ** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
 **
 **    May you do good and not evil.
@@ -39,534 +36,185 @@
 *************************************************************************
 ** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
 **
 */
 #ifndef _SQLITEINT_H_
 #define _SQLITEINT_H_
 
 /*
+** Include the header file used to customize the compiler options for MSVC.
+** This should be done first so that it can successfully prevent spurious
+** compiler warnings due to subsequent content in this file and other files
+** that are included by this file.
+*/
+/************** Include msvc.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ******************/
+/************** Begin file msvc.h ********************************************/
+/*
+** 2015 January 12
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+**    May you do good and not evil.
+**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+******************************************************************************
+**
+** This file contains code that is specific to MSVC.
+*/
+#ifndef _MSVC_H_
+#define _MSVC_H_
+
+#if defined(_MSC_VER)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4054)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4055)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4100)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4127)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4130)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4152)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4189)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4206)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4210)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4232)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4244)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4305)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4306)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4702)
+#pragma warning(disable : 4706)
+#endif /* defined(_MSC_VER) */
+
+#endif /* _MSVC_H_ */
+
+/************** End of msvc.h ************************************************/
+/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
+
+/*
+** Special setup for VxWorks
+*/
+/************** Include vxworks.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***************/
+/************** Begin file vxworks.h *****************************************/
+/*
+** 2015-03-02
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+**    May you do good and not evil.
+**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+******************************************************************************
+**
+** This file contains code that is specific to Wind River's VxWorks
+*/
+#if defined(__RTP__) || defined(_WRS_KERNEL)
+/* This is VxWorks.  Set up things specially for that OS
+*/
+#include <vxWorks.h>
+#include <pthread.h>  /* amalgamator: dontcache */
+#define OS_VXWORKS 1
+#define SQLITE_OS_OTHER 0
+#define SQLITE_HOMEGROWN_RECURSIVE_MUTEX 1
+#define SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION 1
+#define SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE 0
+#define HAVE_UTIME 1
+#else
+/* This is not VxWorks. */
+#define OS_VXWORKS 0
+#endif /* defined(_WRS_KERNEL) */
+
+/************** End of vxworks.h *********************************************/
+/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
+
+/*
 ** These #defines should enable >2GB file support on POSIX if the
 ** underlying operating system supports it.  If the OS lacks
 ** large file support, or if the OS is windows, these should be no-ops.
 **
 ** Ticket #2739:  The _LARGEFILE_SOURCE macro must appear before any
 ** system #includes.  Hence, this block of code must be the very first
 ** code in all source files.
 **
 ** Large file support can be disabled using the -DSQLITE_DISABLE_LFS switch
 ** on the compiler command line.  This is necessary if you are compiling
 ** on a recent machine (ex: Red Hat 7.2) but you want your code to work
 ** on an older machine (ex: Red Hat 6.0).  If you compile on Red Hat 7.2
 ** without this option, LFS is enable.  But LFS does not exist in the kernel
 ** in Red Hat 6.0, so the code won't work.  Hence, for maximum binary
 ** portability you should omit LFS.
 **
+** The previous paragraph was written in 2005.  (This paragraph is written
+** on 2008-11-28.) These days, all Linux kernels support large files, so
+** you should probably leave LFS enabled.  But some embedded platforms might
+** lack LFS in which case the SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS macro might still be useful.
+**
 ** Similar is true for Mac OS X.  LFS is only supported on Mac OS X 9 and later.
 */
 #ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
 # define _LARGE_FILE       1
 # ifndef _FILE_OFFSET_BITS
 #   define _FILE_OFFSET_BITS 64
 # endif
 # define _LARGEFILE_SOURCE 1
 #endif
 
-/*
-** Include the configuration header output by 'configure' if we're using the
-** autoconf-based build
-*/
-#ifdef _HAVE_SQLITE_CONFIG_H
-#include "config.h"
-#endif
-
-/************** Include sqliteLimit.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***********/
-/************** Begin file sqliteLimit.h *************************************/
-/*
-** 2007 May 7
-**
-** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
-** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
-**
-**    May you do good and not evil.
-**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
-**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
-**
-*************************************************************************
-** 
-** This file defines various limits of what SQLite can process.
-*/
-
-/*
-** The maximum length of a TEXT or BLOB in bytes.   This also
-** limits the size of a row in a table or index.
-**
-** The hard limit is the ability of a 32-bit signed integer
-** to count the size: 2^31-1 or 2147483647.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH
-# define SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH 1000000000
-#endif
-
-/*
-** This is the maximum number of
-**
-**    * Columns in a table
-**    * Columns in an index
-**    * Columns in a view
-**    * Terms in the SET clause of an UPDATE statement
-**    * Terms in the result set of a SELECT statement
-**    * Terms in the GROUP BY or ORDER BY clauses of a SELECT statement.
-**    * Terms in the VALUES clause of an INSERT statement
-**
-** The hard upper limit here is 32676.  Most database people will
-** tell you that in a well-normalized database, you usually should
-** not have more than a dozen or so columns in any table.  And if
-** that is the case, there is no point in having more than a few
-** dozen values in any of the other situations described above.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
-# define SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN 2000
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The maximum length of a single SQL statement in bytes.
-**
-** It used to be the case that setting this value to zero would
-** turn the limit off.  That is no longer true.  It is not possible
-** to turn this limit off.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH
-# define SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH 1000000000
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The maximum depth of an expression tree. This is limited to 
-** some extent by SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH. But sometime you might 
-** want to place more severe limits on the complexity of an 
-** expression.
-**
-** A value of 0 used to mean that the limit was not enforced.
-** But that is no longer true.  The limit is now strictly enforced
-** at all times.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH
-# define SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH 1000
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The maximum number of terms in a compound SELECT statement.
-** The code generator for compound SELECT statements does one
-** level of recursion for each term.  A stack overflow can result
-** if the number of terms is too large.  In practice, most SQL
-** never has more than 3 or 4 terms.  Use a value of 0 to disable
-** any limit on the number of terms in a compount SELECT.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT
-# define SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT 500
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The maximum number of opcodes in a VDBE program.
-** Not currently enforced.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP
-# define SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP 25000
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The maximum number of arguments to an SQL function.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG
-# define SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG 127
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The maximum number of in-memory pages to use for the main database
-** table and for temporary tables.  The SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
-# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE  2000
-#endif
-#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_TEMP_CACHE_SIZE
-# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_TEMP_CACHE_SIZE  500
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The default number of frames to accumulate in the log file before
-** checkpointing the database in WAL mode.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT
-# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT  1000
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The maximum number of attached databases.  This must be between 0
-** and 62.  The upper bound on 62 is because a 64-bit integer bitmap
-** is used internally to track attached databases.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED
-# define SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED 10
-#endif
-
-
-/*
-** The maximum value of a ?nnn wildcard that the parser will accept.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER
-# define SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER 999
-#endif
-
-/* Maximum page size.  The upper bound on this value is 65536.  This a limit
-** imposed by the use of 16-bit offsets within each page.
-**
-** Earlier versions of SQLite allowed the user to change this value at
-** compile time. This is no longer permitted, on the grounds that it creates
-** a library that is technically incompatible with an SQLite library 
-** compiled with a different limit. If a process operating on a database 
-** with a page-size of 65536 bytes crashes, then an instance of SQLite 
-** compiled with the default page-size limit will not be able to rollback 
-** the aborted transaction. This could lead to database corruption.
-*/
-#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
-# undef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
-#endif
-#define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 65536
-
-
-/*
-** The default size of a database page.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
-# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 1024
-#endif
-#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
-# undef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
-# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
-#endif
-
-/*
-** Ordinarily, if no value is explicitly provided, SQLite creates databases
-** with page size SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE. However, based on certain
-** device characteristics (sector-size and atomic write() support),
-** SQLite may choose a larger value. This constant is the maximum value
-** SQLite will choose on its own.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
-# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 8192
-#endif
-#if SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
-# undef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
-# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
-#endif
-
-
-/*
-** Maximum number of pages in one database file.
-**
-** This is really just the default value for the max_page_count pragma.
-** This value can be lowered (or raised) at run-time using that the
-** max_page_count macro.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT
-# define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT 1073741823
-#endif
-
-/*
-** Maximum length (in bytes) of the pattern in a LIKE or GLOB
-** operator.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH
-# define SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH 50000
-#endif
-
-/*
-** Maximum depth of recursion for triggers.
-**
-** A value of 1 means that a trigger program will not be able to itself
-** fire any triggers. A value of 0 means that no trigger programs at all 
-** may be executed.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH
-# define SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH 1000
-#endif
-
-/************** End of sqliteLimit.h *****************************************/
-/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
-
-/* Disable nuisance warnings on Borland compilers */
-#if defined(__BORLANDC__)
-#pragma warn -rch /* unreachable code */
-#pragma warn -ccc /* Condition is always true or false */
-#pragma warn -aus /* Assigned value is never used */
-#pragma warn -csu /* Comparing signed and unsigned */
-#pragma warn -spa /* Suspicious pointer arithmetic */
+/* What version of GCC is being used.  0 means GCC is not being used */
+#ifdef __GNUC__
+# define GCC_VERSION (__GNUC__*1000000+__GNUC_MINOR__*1000+__GNUC_PATCHLEVEL__)
+#else
+# define GCC_VERSION 0
 #endif
 
 /* Needed for various definitions... */
-#ifndef _GNU_SOURCE
+#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(_GNU_SOURCE)
 # define _GNU_SOURCE
 #endif
 
-/*
-** Include standard header files as necessary
-*/
-#ifdef HAVE_STDINT_H
-#include <stdint.h>
-#endif
-#ifdef HAVE_INTTYPES_H
-#include <inttypes.h>
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The following macros are used to cast pointers to integers and
-** integers to pointers.  The way you do this varies from one compiler
-** to the next, so we have developed the following set of #if statements
-** to generate appropriate macros for a wide range of compilers.
-**
-** The correct "ANSI" way to do this is to use the intptr_t type. 
-** Unfortunately, that typedef is not available on all compilers, or
-** if it is available, it requires an #include of specific headers
-** that vary from one machine to the next.
-**
-** Ticket #3860:  The llvm-gcc-4.2 compiler from Apple chokes on
-** the ((void*)&((char*)0)[X]) construct.  But MSVC chokes on ((void*)(X)).
-** So we have to define the macros in different ways depending on the
-** compiler.
-*/
-#if defined(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)  /* This case should work for GCC */
-# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)(X))
-# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)(X))
-#elif !defined(__GNUC__)       /* Works for compilers other than LLVM */
-# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)&((char*)0)[X])
-# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(((char*)X)-(char*)0))
-#elif defined(HAVE_STDINT_H)   /* Use this case if we have ANSI headers */
-# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(intptr_t)(X))
-# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(intptr_t)(X))
-#else                          /* Generates a warning - but it always works */
-# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(X))
-# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(X))
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The SQLITE_THREADSAFE macro must be defined as 0, 1, or 2.
-** 0 means mutexes are permanently disable and the library is never
-** threadsafe.  1 means the library is serialized which is the highest
-** level of threadsafety.  2 means the libary is multithreaded - multiple
-** threads can use SQLite as long as no two threads try to use the same
-** database connection at the same time.
-**
-** Older versions of SQLite used an optional THREADSAFE macro.
-** We support that for legacy.
-*/
-#if !defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
-#if defined(THREADSAFE)
-# define SQLITE_THREADSAFE THREADSAFE
-#else
-# define SQLITE_THREADSAFE 1 /* IMP: R-07272-22309 */
-#endif
-#endif
-
-/*
-** Powersafe overwrite is on by default.  But can be turned off using
-** the -DSQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE=0 command-line option.
-*/
-#ifndef SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE
-# define SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE 1
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS macro must be defined as either 0 or 1.
-** It determines whether or not the features related to 
-** SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS are available by default or not. This value can
-** be overridden at runtime using the sqlite3_config() API.
-*/
-#if !defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS)
-# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS 1
-#endif
-
-/*
-** Exactly one of the following macros must be defined in order to
-** specify which memory allocation subsystem to use.
-**
-**     SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC          // Use normal system malloc()
-**     SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC           // Use Win32 native heap API
-**     SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC            // Use a stub allocator that always fails
-**     SQLITE_MEMDEBUG               // Debugging version of system malloc()
-**
-** On Windows, if the SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE macro is defined and the
-** assert() macro is enabled, each call into the Win32 native heap subsystem
-** will cause HeapValidate to be called.  If heap validation should fail, an
-** assertion will be triggered.
-**
-** (Historical note:  There used to be several other options, but we've
-** pared it down to just these three.)
-**
-** If none of the above are defined, then set SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC as
-** the default.
-*/
-#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC) \
-  + defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC) \
-  + defined(SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC) \
-  + defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)>1
-# error "Two or more of the following compile-time configuration options\
- are defined but at most one is allowed:\
- SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC, SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC, SQLITE_MEMDEBUG,\
- SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC"
-#endif
-#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC) \
-  + defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC) \
-  + defined(SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC) \
-  + defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)==0
-# define SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC 1
-#endif
-
-/*
-** If SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT is not zero, then try to keep the
-** sizes of memory allocations below this value where possible.
-*/
-#if !defined(SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT)
-# define SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT 1024
-#endif
-
-/*
-** We need to define _XOPEN_SOURCE as follows in order to enable
-** recursive mutexes on most Unix systems.  But Mac OS X is different.
-** The _XOPEN_SOURCE define causes problems for Mac OS X we are told,
-** so it is omitted there.  See ticket #2673.
-**
-** Later we learn that _XOPEN_SOURCE is poorly or incorrectly
-** implemented on some systems.  So we avoid defining it at all
-** if it is already defined or if it is unneeded because we are
-** not doing a threadsafe build.  Ticket #2681.
-**
-** See also ticket #2741.
-*/
-#if !defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE) && !defined(__DARWIN__) && !defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE
-#  define _XOPEN_SOURCE 500  /* Needed to enable pthread recursive mutexes */
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The TCL headers are only needed when compiling the TCL bindings.
-*/
-#if defined(SQLITE_TCL) || defined(TCLSH)
-# include <tcl.h>
-#endif
-
-/*
-** NDEBUG and SQLITE_DEBUG are opposites.  It should always be true that
-** defined(NDEBUG)==!defined(SQLITE_DEBUG).  If this is not currently true,
-** make it true by defining or undefining NDEBUG.
-**
-** Setting NDEBUG makes the code smaller and run faster by disabling the
-** number assert() statements in the code.  So we want the default action
-** to be for NDEBUG to be set and NDEBUG to be undefined only if SQLITE_DEBUG
-** is set.  Thus NDEBUG becomes an opt-in rather than an opt-out
-** feature.
-*/
-#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) 
-# define NDEBUG 1
-#endif
-#if defined(NDEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
-# undef NDEBUG
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The testcase() macro is used to aid in coverage testing.  When 
-** doing coverage testing, the condition inside the argument to
-** testcase() must be evaluated both true and false in order to
-** get full branch coverage.  The testcase() macro is inserted
-** to help ensure adequate test coverage in places where simple
-** condition/decision coverage is inadequate.  For example, testcase()
-** can be used to make sure boundary values are tested.  For
-** bitmask tests, testcase() can be used to make sure each bit
-** is significant and used at least once.  On switch statements
-** where multiple cases go to the same block of code, testcase()
-** can insure that all cases are evaluated.
-**
-*/
-#ifdef SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST
-SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3Coverage(int);
-# define testcase(X)  if( X ){ sqlite3Coverage(__LINE__); }
-#else
-# define testcase(X)
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The TESTONLY macro is used to enclose variable declarations or
-** other bits of code that are needed to support the arguments
-** within testcase() and assert() macros.
-*/
-#if !defined(NDEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
-# define TESTONLY(X)  X
-#else
-# define TESTONLY(X)
-#endif
-
-/*
-** Sometimes we need a small amount of code such as a variable initialization
-** to setup for a later assert() statement.  We do not want this code to
-** appear when assert() is disabled.  The following macro is therefore
-** used to contain that setup code.  The "VVA" acronym stands for
-** "Verification, Validation, and Accreditation".  In other words, the
-** code within VVA_ONLY() will only run during verification processes.
-*/
-#ifndef NDEBUG
-# define VVA_ONLY(X)  X
-#else
-# define VVA_ONLY(X)
-#endif
-
-/*
-** The ALWAYS and NEVER macros surround boolean expressions which 
-** are intended to always be true or false, respectively.  Such
-** expressions could be omitted from the code completely.  But they
-** are included in a few cases in order to enhance the resilience
-** of SQLite to unexpected behavior - to make the code "self-healing"
-** or "ductile" rather than being "brittle" and crashing at the first
-** hint of unplanned behavior.
-**
-** In other words, ALWAYS and NEVER are added for defensive code.
-**
-** When doing coverage testing ALWAYS and NEVER are hard-coded to
-** be true and false so that the unreachable code then specify will
-** not be counted as untested code.
-*/
-#if defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
-# define ALWAYS(X)      (1)
-# define NEVER(X)       (0)
-#elif !defined(NDEBUG)
-# define ALWAYS(X)      ((X)?1:(assert(0),0))
-# define NEVER(X)       ((X)?(assert(0),1):0)
-#else
-# define ALWAYS(X)      (X)
-# define NEVER(X)       (X)
-#endif
-
-/*
-** Return true (non-zero) if the input is a integer that is too large
-** to fit in 32-bits.  This macro is used inside of various testcase()
-** macros to verify that we have tested SQLite for large-file support.
-*/
-#define IS_BIG_INT(X)  (((X)&~(i64)0xffffffff)!=0)
-
-/*
-** The macro unlikely() is a hint that surrounds a boolean
-** expression that is usually false.  Macro likely() surrounds
-** a boolean expression that is usually true.  GCC is able to
-** use these hints to generate better code, sometimes.
-*/
-#if defined(__GNUC__) && 0
-# define likely(X)    __builtin_expect((X),1)
-# define unlikely(X)  __builtin_expect((X),0)
-#else
-# define likely(X)    !!(X)
-# define unlikely(X)  !!(X)
-#endif
-
+#if defined(__OpenBSD__) && !defined(_BSD_SOURCE)
+# define _BSD_SOURCE
+#endif
+
+/*
+** For MinGW, check to see if we can include the header file containing its
+** version information, among other things.  Normally, this internal MinGW
+** header file would [only] be included automatically by other MinGW header
+** files; however, the contained version information is now required by this
+** header file to work around binary compatibility issues (see below) and
+** this is the only known way to reliably obtain it.  This entire #if block
+** would be completely unnecessary if there was any other way of detecting
+** MinGW via their preprocessor (e.g. if they customized their GCC to define
+** some MinGW-specific macros).  When compiling for MinGW, either the
+** _HAVE_MINGW_H or _HAVE__MINGW_H (note the extra underscore) macro must be
+** defined; otherwise, detection of conditions specific to MinGW will be
+** disabled.
+*/
+#if defined(_HAVE_MINGW_H)
+# include "mingw.h"
+#elif defined(_HAVE__MINGW_H)
+# include "_mingw.h"
+#endif
+
+/*
+** For MinGW version 4.x (and higher), check to see if the _USE_32BIT_TIME_T
+** define is required to maintain binary compatibility with the MSVC runtime
+** library in use (e.g. for Windows XP).
+*/
+#if !defined(_USE_32BIT_TIME_T) && !defined(_USE_64BIT_TIME_T) && \
+    defined(_WIN32) && !defined(_WIN64) && \
+    defined(__MINGW_MAJOR_VERSION) && __MINGW_MAJOR_VERSION >= 4 && \
+    defined(__MSVCRT__)
+# define _USE_32BIT_TIME_T
+#endif
+
+/* The public SQLite interface.  The _FILE_OFFSET_BITS macro must appear
+** first in QNX.  Also, the _USE_32BIT_TIME_T macro must appear first for
+** MinGW.
+*/
 /************** Include sqlite3.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***************/
 /************** Begin file sqlite3.h *****************************************/
 /*
 ** 2001 September 15
 **
 ** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
 ** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
 **
@@ -584,17 +232,17 @@ SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3Coverage(in
 ** Some of the definitions that are in this file are marked as
 ** "experimental".  Experimental interfaces are normally new
 ** features recently added to SQLite.  We do not anticipate changes
 ** to experimental interfaces but reserve the right to make minor changes
 ** if experience from use "in the wild" suggest such changes are prudent.
 **
 ** The official C-language API documentation for SQLite is derived
 ** from comments in this file.  This file is the authoritative source
-** on how SQLite interfaces are suppose to operate.
+** on how SQLite interfaces are supposed to operate.
 **
 ** The name of this file under configuration management is "sqlite.h.in".
 ** The makefile makes some minor changes to this file (such as inserting
 ** the version number) and changes its name to "sqlite3.h" as
 ** part of the build process.
 */
 #ifndef _SQLITE3_H_
 #define _SQLITE3_H_
@@ -604,31 +252,35 @@ SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3Coverage(in
 ** Make sure we can call this stuff from C++.
 */
 #if 0
 extern "C" {
 #endif
 
 
 /*
-** Add the ability to override 'extern'
+** Provide the ability to override linkage features of the interface.
 */
 #ifndef SQLITE_EXTERN
 # define SQLITE_EXTERN extern
 #endif
-
 #ifndef SQLITE_API
 # define SQLITE_API
 #endif
-
+#ifndef SQLITE_CDECL
+# define SQLITE_CDECL
+#endif
+#ifndef SQLITE_STDCALL
+# define SQLITE_STDCALL
+#endif
 
 /*
 ** These no-op macros are used in front of interfaces to mark those
 ** interfaces as either deprecated or experimental.  New applications
-** should not use deprecated interfaces - they are support for backwards
+** should not use deprecated interfaces - they are supported for backwards
 ** compatibility only.  Application writers should be aware that
 ** experimental interfaces are subject to change in point releases.
 **
 ** These macros used to resolve to various kinds of compiler magic that
 ** would generate warning messages when they were used.  But that
 ** compiler magic ended up generating such a flurry of bug reports
 ** that we have taken it all out and gone back to using simple
 ** noop macros.
@@ -668,30 +320,30 @@ extern "C" {
 ** within its configuration management system.  ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
 ** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
 ** hash of the entire source tree.
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
 ** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
 ** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
 */
-#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.15"
-#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007015
-#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2012-12-12 13:36:53 cd0b37c52658bfdf992b1e3dc467bae1835a94ae"
+#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.10.2"
+#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3010002
+#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2016-01-20 15:27:19 17efb4209f97fb4971656086b138599a91a75ff9"
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
 ** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
 **
 ** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
 ** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
 ** but are associated with the library instead of the header file.  ^(Cautious
 ** programmers might include assert() statements in their application to
 ** verify that values returned by these interfaces match the macros in
-** the header, and thus insure that the application is
+** the header, and thus ensure that the application is
 ** compiled with matching library and header files.
 **
 ** <blockquote><pre>
 ** assert( sqlite3_libversion_number()==SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER );
 ** assert( strcmp(sqlite3_sourceid(),SQLITE_SOURCE_ID)==0 );
 ** assert( strcmp(sqlite3_libversion(),SQLITE_VERSION)==0 );
 ** </pre></blockquote>)^
 **
@@ -703,19 +355,19 @@ extern "C" {
 ** sqlite3_libversion_number() function returns an integer equal to
 ** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER].  ^The sqlite3_sourceid() function returns 
 ** a pointer to a string constant whose value is the same as the 
 ** [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macro.
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
 */
 SQLITE_API const char sqlite3_version[] = SQLITE_VERSION;
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_libversion(void);
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sourceid(void);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_libversion_number(void);
+SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_libversion(void);
+SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_sourceid(void);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_libversion_number(void);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Compilation Options Diagnostics
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_compileoption_used() function returns 0 or 1 
 ** indicating whether the specified option was defined at 
 ** compile time.  ^The SQLITE_ prefix may be omitted from the 
 ** option name passed to sqlite3_compileoption_used().  
@@ -730,18 +382,18 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_libversion_number
 ** ^Support for the diagnostic functions sqlite3_compileoption_used()
 ** and sqlite3_compileoption_get() may be omitted by specifying the 
 ** [SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS] option at compile time.
 **
 ** See also: SQL functions [sqlite_compileoption_used()] and
 ** [sqlite_compileoption_get()] and the [compile_options pragma].
 */
 #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_compileoption_used(const char *zOptName);
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_compileoption_get(int N);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_compileoption_used(const char *zOptName);
+SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_compileoption_get(int N);
 #endif
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Test To See If The Library Is Threadsafe
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_threadsafe() function returns zero if and only if
 ** SQLite was compiled with mutexing code omitted due to the
 ** [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] compile-time option being set to 0.
@@ -762,25 +414,25 @@ SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_compileop
 ** version of SQLite that it is linking against was compiled with
 ** the desired setting of the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] macro.
 **
 ** This interface only reports on the compile-time mutex setting
 ** of the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] flag.  If SQLite is compiled with
 ** SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1 or =2 then mutexes are enabled by default but
 ** can be fully or partially disabled using a call to [sqlite3_config()]
 ** with the verbs [SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD], [SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD],
-** or [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX].  ^(The return value of the
+** or [SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED].  ^(The return value of the
 ** sqlite3_threadsafe() function shows only the compile-time setting of
 ** thread safety, not any run-time changes to that setting made by
 ** sqlite3_config(). In other words, the return value from sqlite3_threadsafe()
 ** is unchanged by calls to sqlite3_config().)^
 **
 ** See the [threading mode] documentation for additional information.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_threadsafe(void);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_threadsafe(void);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Handle
 ** KEYWORDS: {database connection} {database connections}
 **
 ** Each open SQLite database is represented by a pointer to an instance of
 ** the opaque structure named "sqlite3".  It is useful to think of an sqlite3
 ** pointer as an object.  The [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()], and
@@ -827,67 +479,69 @@ typedef sqlite_uint64 sqlite3_uint64;
 ** substitute integer for floating-point.
 */
 #ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
 # define double sqlite3_int64
 #endif
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Closing A Database Connection
+** DESTRUCTOR: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_close() and sqlite3_close_v2() routines are destructors
 ** for the [sqlite3] object.
-** ^Calls to sqlite3_close() and sqlite3_close_v2() return SQLITE_OK if
+** ^Calls to sqlite3_close() and sqlite3_close_v2() return [SQLITE_OK] if
 ** the [sqlite3] object is successfully destroyed and all associated
 ** resources are deallocated.
 **
 ** ^If the database connection is associated with unfinalized prepared
 ** statements or unfinished sqlite3_backup objects then sqlite3_close()
 ** will leave the database connection open and return [SQLITE_BUSY].
 ** ^If sqlite3_close_v2() is called with unfinalized prepared statements
-** and unfinished sqlite3_backups, then the database connection becomes
+** and/or unfinished sqlite3_backups, then the database connection becomes
 ** an unusable "zombie" which will automatically be deallocated when the
 ** last prepared statement is finalized or the last sqlite3_backup is
 ** finished.  The sqlite3_close_v2() interface is intended for use with
 ** host languages that are garbage collected, and where the order in which
 ** destructors are called is arbitrary.
 **
 ** Applications should [sqlite3_finalize | finalize] all [prepared statements],
 ** [sqlite3_blob_close | close] all [BLOB handles], and 
 ** [sqlite3_backup_finish | finish] all [sqlite3_backup] objects associated
 ** with the [sqlite3] object prior to attempting to close the object.  ^If
-** sqlite3_close() is called on a [database connection] that still has
+** sqlite3_close_v2() is called on a [database connection] that still has
 ** outstanding [prepared statements], [BLOB handles], and/or
-** [sqlite3_backup] objects then it returns SQLITE_OK but the deallocation
+** [sqlite3_backup] objects then it returns [SQLITE_OK] and the deallocation
 ** of resources is deferred until all [prepared statements], [BLOB handles],
 ** and [sqlite3_backup] objects are also destroyed.
 **
 ** ^If an [sqlite3] object is destroyed while a transaction is open,
 ** the transaction is automatically rolled back.
 **
 ** The C parameter to [sqlite3_close(C)] and [sqlite3_close_v2(C)]
 ** must be either a NULL
 ** pointer or an [sqlite3] object pointer obtained
 ** from [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()], or
 ** [sqlite3_open_v2()], and not previously closed.
 ** ^Calling sqlite3_close() or sqlite3_close_v2() with a NULL pointer
 ** argument is a harmless no-op.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_close(sqlite3*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_close_v2(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_close(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_close_v2(sqlite3*);
 
 /*
 ** The type for a callback function.
 ** This is legacy and deprecated.  It is included for historical
 ** compatibility and is not documented.
 */
 typedef int (*sqlite3_callback)(void*,int,char**, char**);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: One-Step Query Execution Interface
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** The sqlite3_exec() interface is a convenience wrapper around
 ** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_step()], and [sqlite3_finalize()],
 ** that allows an application to run multiple statements of SQL
 ** without having to use a lot of C code. 
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_exec() interface runs zero or more UTF-8 encoded,
 ** semicolon-separate SQL statements passed into its 2nd argument,
@@ -929,44 +583,42 @@ typedef int (*sqlite3_callback)(void*,in
 ** ^If the 2nd parameter to sqlite3_exec() is a NULL pointer, a pointer
 ** to an empty string, or a pointer that contains only whitespace and/or 
 ** SQL comments, then no SQL statements are evaluated and the database
 ** is not changed.
 **
 ** Restrictions:
 **
 ** <ul>
-** <li> The application must insure that the 1st parameter to sqlite3_exec()
+** <li> The application must ensure that the 1st parameter to sqlite3_exec()
 **      is a valid and open [database connection].
-** <li> The application must not close [database connection] specified by
+** <li> The application must not close the [database connection] specified by
 **      the 1st parameter to sqlite3_exec() while sqlite3_exec() is running.
 ** <li> The application must not modify the SQL statement text passed into
 **      the 2nd parameter of sqlite3_exec() while sqlite3_exec() is running.
 ** </ul>
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_exec(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_exec(
   sqlite3*,                                  /* An open database */
   const char *sql,                           /* SQL to be evaluated */
   int (*callback)(void*,int,char**,char**),  /* Callback function */
   void *,                                    /* 1st argument to callback */
   char **errmsg                              /* Error msg written here */
 );
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Result Codes
-** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_OK {error code} {error codes}
-** KEYWORDS: {result code} {result codes}
+** KEYWORDS: {result code definitions}
 **
 ** Many SQLite functions return an integer result code from the set shown
 ** here in order to indicate success or failure.
 **
 ** New error codes may be added in future versions of SQLite.
 **
-** See also: [SQLITE_IOERR_READ | extended result codes],
-** [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] [SQLITE_ROLLBACK | result codes].
+** See also: [extended result code definitions]
 */
 #define SQLITE_OK           0   /* Successful result */
 /* beginning-of-error-codes */
 #define SQLITE_ERROR        1   /* SQL error or missing database */
 #define SQLITE_INTERNAL     2   /* Internal logic error in SQLite */
 #define SQLITE_PERM         3   /* Access permission denied */
 #define SQLITE_ABORT        4   /* Callback routine requested an abort */
 #define SQLITE_BUSY         5   /* The database file is locked */
@@ -986,42 +638,37 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_exec(
 #define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT  19   /* Abort due to constraint violation */
 #define SQLITE_MISMATCH    20   /* Data type mismatch */
 #define SQLITE_MISUSE      21   /* Library used incorrectly */
 #define SQLITE_NOLFS       22   /* Uses OS features not supported on host */
 #define SQLITE_AUTH        23   /* Authorization denied */
 #define SQLITE_FORMAT      24   /* Auxiliary database format error */
 #define SQLITE_RANGE       25   /* 2nd parameter to sqlite3_bind out of range */
 #define SQLITE_NOTADB      26   /* File opened that is not a database file */
+#define SQLITE_NOTICE      27   /* Notifications from sqlite3_log() */
+#define SQLITE_WARNING     28   /* Warnings from sqlite3_log() */
 #define SQLITE_ROW         100  /* sqlite3_step() has another row ready */
 #define SQLITE_DONE        101  /* sqlite3_step() has finished executing */
 /* end-of-error-codes */
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Extended Result Codes
-** KEYWORDS: {extended error code} {extended error codes}
-** KEYWORDS: {extended result code} {extended result codes}
-**
-** In its default configuration, SQLite API routines return one of 26 integer
-** [SQLITE_OK | result codes].  However, experience has shown that many of
+** KEYWORDS: {extended result code definitions}
+**
+** In its default configuration, SQLite API routines return one of 30 integer
+** [result codes].  However, experience has shown that many of
 ** these result codes are too coarse-grained.  They do not provide as
 ** much information about problems as programmers might like.  In an effort to
 ** address this, newer versions of SQLite (version 3.3.8 and later) include
 ** support for additional result codes that provide more detailed information
-** about errors. The extended result codes are enabled or disabled
+** about errors. These [extended result codes] are enabled or disabled
 ** on a per database connection basis using the
-** [sqlite3_extended_result_codes()] API.
-**
-** Some of the available extended result codes are listed here.
-** One may expect the number of extended result codes will be expand
-** over time.  Software that uses extended result codes should expect
-** to see new result codes in future releases of SQLite.
-**
-** The SQLITE_OK result code will never be extended.  It will always
-** be exactly zero.
+** [sqlite3_extended_result_codes()] API.  Or, the extended code for
+** the most recent error can be obtained using
+** [sqlite3_extended_errcode()].
 */
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_READ              (SQLITE_IOERR | (1<<8))
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ        (SQLITE_IOERR | (2<<8))
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE             (SQLITE_IOERR | (3<<8))
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC             (SQLITE_IOERR | (4<<8))
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC         (SQLITE_IOERR | (5<<8))
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE          (SQLITE_IOERR | (6<<8))
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT             (SQLITE_IOERR | (7<<8))
@@ -1036,25 +683,48 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_exec(
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_CLOSE             (SQLITE_IOERR | (16<<8))
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_CLOSE         (SQLITE_IOERR | (17<<8))
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMOPEN           (SQLITE_IOERR | (18<<8))
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMSIZE           (SQLITE_IOERR | (19<<8))
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMLOCK           (SQLITE_IOERR | (20<<8))
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP            (SQLITE_IOERR | (21<<8))
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK              (SQLITE_IOERR | (22<<8))
 #define SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT      (SQLITE_IOERR | (23<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP              (SQLITE_IOERR | (24<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH       (SQLITE_IOERR | (25<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_CONVPATH          (SQLITE_IOERR | (26<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_VNODE             (SQLITE_IOERR | (27<<8))
+#define SQLITE_IOERR_AUTH              (SQLITE_IOERR | (28<<8))
 #define SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE      (SQLITE_LOCKED |  (1<<8))
 #define SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (1<<8))
+#define SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (2<<8))
 #define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
 #define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
 #define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
+#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_CONVPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (4<<8))
 #define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
 #define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
 #define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
+#define SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (3<<8))
+#define SQLITE_READONLY_DBMOVED        (SQLITE_READONLY | (4<<8))
 #define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK          (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))
+#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (1<<8))
+#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (2<<8))
+#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (3<<8))
+#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION     (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (4<<8))
+#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (5<<8))
+#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (6<<8))
+#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (7<<8))
+#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE       (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (8<<8))
+#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_VTAB         (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (9<<8))
+#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_ROWID        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT |(10<<8))
+#define SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_WAL      (SQLITE_NOTICE | (1<<8))
+#define SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_ROLLBACK (SQLITE_NOTICE | (2<<8))
+#define SQLITE_WARNING_AUTOINDEX       (SQLITE_WARNING | (1<<8))
+#define SQLITE_AUTH_USER               (SQLITE_AUTH | (1<<8))
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
 **
 ** These bit values are intended for use in the
 ** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
 ** in the 4th parameter to the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method.
 */
@@ -1098,31 +768,36 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_exec(
 ** that when data is appended to a file, the data is appended
 ** first then the size of the file is extended, never the other
 ** way around.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL property means that
 ** information is written to disk in the same order as calls
 ** to xWrite().  The SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE property means that
 ** after reboot following a crash or power loss, the only bytes in a
 ** file that were written at the application level might have changed
 ** and that adjacent bytes, even bytes within the same sector are
-** guaranteed to be unchanged.
+** guaranteed to be unchanged.  The SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN
+** flag indicate that a file cannot be deleted when open.  The
+** SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE flag indicates that the file is on
+** read-only media and cannot be changed even by processes with
+** elevated privileges.
 */
 #define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC                 0x00000001
 #define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC512              0x00000002
 #define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC1K               0x00000004
 #define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC2K               0x00000008
 #define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC4K               0x00000010
 #define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC8K               0x00000020
 #define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC16K              0x00000040
 #define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC32K              0x00000080
 #define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC64K              0x00000100
 #define SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND            0x00000200
 #define SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL             0x00000400
 #define SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN  0x00000800
 #define SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE    0x00001000
+#define SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE              0x00002000
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: File Locking Levels
 **
 ** SQLite uses one of these integer values as the second
 ** argument to calls it makes to the xLock() and xUnlock() methods
 ** of an [sqlite3_io_methods] object.
 */
@@ -1219,17 +894,17 @@ struct sqlite3_file {
 ** [sqlite3_file_control()] interface.  The second "op" argument is an
 ** integer opcode.  The third argument is a generic pointer intended to
 ** point to a structure that may contain arguments or space in which to
 ** write return values.  Potential uses for xFileControl() might be
 ** functions to enable blocking locks with timeouts, to change the
 ** locking strategy (for example to use dot-file locks), to inquire
 ** about the status of a lock, or to break stale locks.  The SQLite
 ** core reserves all opcodes less than 100 for its own use.
-** A [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE | list of opcodes] less than 100 is available.
+** A [file control opcodes | list of opcodes] less than 100 is available.
 ** Applications that define a custom xFileControl method should use opcodes
 ** greater than 100 to avoid conflicts.  VFS implementations should
 ** return [SQLITE_NOTFOUND] for file control opcodes that they do not
 ** recognize.
 **
 ** The xSectorSize() method returns the sector size of the
 ** device that underlies the file.  The sector size is the
 ** minimum write that can be performed without disturbing
@@ -1284,34 +959,40 @@ struct sqlite3_io_methods {
   int (*xSectorSize)(sqlite3_file*);
   int (*xDeviceCharacteristics)(sqlite3_file*);
   /* Methods above are valid for version 1 */
   int (*xShmMap)(sqlite3_file*, int iPg, int pgsz, int, void volatile**);
   int (*xShmLock)(sqlite3_file*, int offset, int n, int flags);
   void (*xShmBarrier)(sqlite3_file*);
   int (*xShmUnmap)(sqlite3_file*, int deleteFlag);
   /* Methods above are valid for version 2 */
+  int (*xFetch)(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 iOfst, int iAmt, void **pp);
+  int (*xUnfetch)(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 iOfst, void *p);
+  /* Methods above are valid for version 3 */
   /* Additional methods may be added in future releases */
 };
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Standard File Control Opcodes
+** KEYWORDS: {file control opcodes} {file control opcode}
 **
 ** These integer constants are opcodes for the xFileControl method
 ** of the [sqlite3_io_methods] object and for the [sqlite3_file_control()]
 ** interface.
 **
+** <ul>
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE]]
 ** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE] opcode is used for debugging.  This
 ** opcode causes the xFileControl method to write the current state of
 ** the lock (one of [SQLITE_LOCK_NONE], [SQLITE_LOCK_SHARED],
 ** [SQLITE_LOCK_RESERVED], [SQLITE_LOCK_PENDING], or [SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE])
 ** into an integer that the pArg argument points to. This capability
-** is used during testing and only needs to be supported when SQLITE_TEST
-** is defined.
-** <ul>
+** is used during testing and is only available when the SQLITE_TEST
+** compile-time option is used.
+**
 ** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT]]
 ** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT] opcode is used by SQLite to give the VFS
 ** layer a hint of how large the database file will grow to be during the
 ** current transaction.  This hint is not guaranteed to be accurate but it
 ** is often close.  The underlying VFS might choose to preallocate database
 ** file space based on this hint in order to help writes to the database
 ** file run faster.
 **
@@ -1322,29 +1003,48 @@ struct sqlite3_io_methods {
 ** point to an integer (type int) containing the new chunk-size to use
 ** for the nominated database. Allocating database file space in large
 ** chunks (say 1MB at a time), may reduce file-system fragmentation and
 ** improve performance on some systems.
 **
 ** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER]]
 ** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER] opcode is used to obtain a pointer
 ** to the [sqlite3_file] object associated with a particular database
-** connection.  See the [sqlite3_file_control()] documentation for
-** additional information.
+** connection.  See also [SQLITE_FCNTL_JOURNAL_POINTER].
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_JOURNAL_POINTER]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_JOURNAL_POINTER] opcode is used to obtain a pointer
+** to the [sqlite3_file] object associated with the journal file (either
+** the [rollback journal] or the [write-ahead log]) for a particular database
+** connection.  See also [SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER].
 **
 ** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED]]
-** ^(The [SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED] opcode is generated internally by
-** SQLite and sent to all VFSes in place of a call to the xSync method
-** when the database connection has [PRAGMA synchronous] set to OFF.)^
-** Some specialized VFSes need this signal in order to operate correctly
-** when [PRAGMA synchronous | PRAGMA synchronous=OFF] is set, but most 
-** VFSes do not need this signal and should silently ignore this opcode.
-** Applications should not call [sqlite3_file_control()] with this
-** opcode as doing so may disrupt the operation of the specialized VFSes
-** that do require it.  
+** No longer in use.
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC] opcode is generated internally by SQLite and
+** sent to the VFS immediately before the xSync method is invoked on a
+** database file descriptor. Or, if the xSync method is not invoked 
+** because the user has configured SQLite with 
+** [PRAGMA synchronous | PRAGMA synchronous=OFF] it is invoked in place 
+** of the xSync method. In most cases, the pointer argument passed with
+** this file-control is NULL. However, if the database file is being synced
+** as part of a multi-database commit, the argument points to a nul-terminated
+** string containing the transactions master-journal file name. VFSes that 
+** do not need this signal should silently ignore this opcode. Applications 
+** should not call [sqlite3_file_control()] with this opcode as doing so may 
+** disrupt the operation of the specialized VFSes that do require it.  
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO] opcode is generated internally by SQLite
+** and sent to the VFS after a transaction has been committed immediately
+** but before the database is unlocked. VFSes that do not need this signal
+** should silently ignore this opcode. Applications should not call
+** [sqlite3_file_control()] with this opcode as doing so may disrupt the 
+** operation of the specialized VFSes that do require it.  
 **
 ** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY]]
 ** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY] opcode is used to configure automatic
 ** retry counts and intervals for certain disk I/O operations for the
 ** windows [VFS] in order to provide robustness in the presence of
 ** anti-virus programs.  By default, the windows VFS will retry file read,
 ** file write, and file delete operations up to 10 times, with a delay
 ** of 25 milliseconds before the first retry and with the delay increasing
@@ -1396,76 +1096,151 @@ struct sqlite3_io_methods {
 ** [sqlite3_malloc()] and the result is stored in the char* variable
 ** that the fourth parameter of [sqlite3_file_control()] points to.
 ** The caller is responsible for freeing the memory when done.  As with
 ** all file-control actions, there is no guarantee that this will actually
 ** do anything.  Callers should initialize the char* variable to a NULL
 ** pointer in case this file-control is not implemented.  This file-control
 ** is intended for diagnostic use only.
 **
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_VFS_POINTER]]
+** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_VFS_POINTER] opcode finds a pointer to the top-level
+** [VFSes] currently in use.  ^(The argument X in
+** sqlite3_file_control(db,SQLITE_FCNTL_VFS_POINTER,X) must be
+** of type "[sqlite3_vfs] **".  This opcodes will set *X
+** to a pointer to the top-level VFS.)^
+** ^When there are multiple VFS shims in the stack, this opcode finds the
+** upper-most shim only.
+**
 ** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]]
 ** ^Whenever a [PRAGMA] statement is parsed, an [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] 
 ** file control is sent to the open [sqlite3_file] object corresponding
 ** to the database file to which the pragma statement refers. ^The argument
 ** to the [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control is an array of
 ** pointers to strings (char**) in which the second element of the array
 ** is the name of the pragma and the third element is the argument to the
 ** pragma or NULL if the pragma has no argument.  ^The handler for an
 ** [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control can optionally make the first element
 ** of the char** argument point to a string obtained from [sqlite3_mprintf()]
 ** or the equivalent and that string will become the result of the pragma or
 ** the error message if the pragma fails. ^If the
 ** [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control returns [SQLITE_NOTFOUND], then normal 
 ** [PRAGMA] processing continues.  ^If the [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]
 ** file control returns [SQLITE_OK], then the parser assumes that the
 ** VFS has handled the PRAGMA itself and the parser generates a no-op
-** prepared statement.  ^If the [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control returns
+** prepared statement if result string is NULL, or that returns a copy
+** of the result string if the string is non-NULL.
+** ^If the [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control returns
 ** any result code other than [SQLITE_OK] or [SQLITE_NOTFOUND], that means
 ** that the VFS encountered an error while handling the [PRAGMA] and the
 ** compilation of the PRAGMA fails with an error.  ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]
 ** file control occurs at the beginning of pragma statement analysis and so
 ** it is able to override built-in [PRAGMA] statements.
 **
 ** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER]]
-** ^This file-control may be invoked by SQLite on the database file handle
+** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER]
+** file-control may be invoked by SQLite on the database file handle
 ** shortly after it is opened in order to provide a custom VFS with access
 ** to the connections busy-handler callback. The argument is of type (void **)
 ** - an array of two (void *) values. The first (void *) actually points
 ** to a function of type (int (*)(void *)). In order to invoke the connections
 ** busy-handler, this function should be invoked with the second (void *) in
 ** the array as the only argument. If it returns non-zero, then the operation
 ** should be retried. If it returns zero, the custom VFS should abandon the
 ** current operation.
 **
 ** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME]]
-** ^Application can invoke this file-control to have SQLite generate a
+** ^Application can invoke the [SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME] file-control
+** to have SQLite generate a
 ** temporary filename using the same algorithm that is followed to generate
 ** temporary filenames for TEMP tables and other internal uses.  The
 ** argument should be a char** which will be filled with the filename
 ** written into memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()].  The caller should
 ** invoke [sqlite3_free()] on the result to avoid a memory leak.
 **
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE] file control is used to query or set the
+** maximum number of bytes that will be used for memory-mapped I/O.
+** The argument is a pointer to a value of type sqlite3_int64 that
+** is an advisory maximum number of bytes in the file to memory map.  The
+** pointer is overwritten with the old value.  The limit is not changed if
+** the value originally pointed to is negative, and so the current limit 
+** can be queried by passing in a pointer to a negative number.  This
+** file-control is used internally to implement [PRAGMA mmap_size].
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE] file control provides advisory information
+** to the VFS about what the higher layers of the SQLite stack are doing.
+** This file control is used by some VFS activity tracing [shims].
+** The argument is a zero-terminated string.  Higher layers in the
+** SQLite stack may generate instances of this file control if
+** the [SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE] compile-time option is enabled.
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED] file control interprets its argument as a
+** pointer to an integer and it writes a boolean into that integer depending
+** on whether or not the file has been renamed, moved, or deleted since it
+** was first opened.
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE] opcode is used for debugging.  This
+** opcode causes the xFileControl method to swap the file handle with the one
+** pointed to by the pArg argument.  This capability is used during testing
+** and only needs to be supported when SQLITE_TEST is defined.
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK] is a signal to the VFS layer that it might
+** be advantageous to block on the next WAL lock if the lock is not immediately
+** available.  The WAL subsystem issues this signal during rare
+** circumstances in order to fix a problem with priority inversion.
+** Applications should <em>not</em> use this file-control.
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS] opcode is implemented by zipvfs only. All other
+** VFS should return SQLITE_NOTFOUND for this opcode.
+**
+** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU]]
+** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU] opcode is implemented by the special VFS used by
+** the RBU extension only.  All other VFS should return SQLITE_NOTFOUND for
+** this opcode.  
 ** </ul>
 */
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE               1
-#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE             2
-#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE             3
-#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO                    4
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE       2
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE       3
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO              4
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT               5
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE              6
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER            7
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED            8
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY          9
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL            10
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE              11
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME                12
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE    13
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA                 14
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER            15
 #define SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME           16
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE              18
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE                  19
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED              20
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC                   21
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO        22
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE       23
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK              24
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS                 25
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU                    26
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFS_POINTER            27
+#define SQLITE_FCNTL_JOURNAL_POINTER        28
+
+/* deprecated names */
+#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE
+#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE
+#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO
+
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
 **
 ** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
 ** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
 ** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only
 ** deals with pointers to the [sqlite3_mutex] object.
@@ -1707,17 +1482,17 @@ struct sqlite3_vfs {
 ** <ul>
 ** <li>  SQLITE_SHM_LOCK | SQLITE_SHM_SHARED
 ** <li>  SQLITE_SHM_LOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE
 ** <li>  SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_SHARED
 ** <li>  SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE
 ** </ul>
 **
 ** When unlocking, the same SHARED or EXCLUSIVE flag must be supplied as
-** was given no the corresponding lock.  
+** was given on the corresponding lock.  
 **
 ** The xShmLock method can transition between unlocked and SHARED or
 ** between unlocked and EXCLUSIVE.  It cannot transition between SHARED
 ** and EXCLUSIVE.
 */
 #define SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK       1
 #define SQLITE_SHM_LOCK         2
 #define SQLITE_SHM_SHARED       4
@@ -1804,33 +1579,35 @@ struct sqlite3_vfs {
 ** When [custom builds | built for other platforms]
 ** (using the [SQLITE_OS_OTHER=1] compile-time
 ** option) the application must supply a suitable implementation for
 ** sqlite3_os_init() and sqlite3_os_end().  An application-supplied
 ** implementation of sqlite3_os_init() or sqlite3_os_end()
 ** must return [SQLITE_OK] on success and some other [error code] upon
 ** failure.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_initialize(void);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_shutdown(void);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_init(void);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_end(void);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_initialize(void);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_shutdown(void);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_os_init(void);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_os_end(void);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Configuring The SQLite Library
 **
 ** The sqlite3_config() interface is used to make global configuration
 ** changes to SQLite in order to tune SQLite to the specific needs of
 ** the application.  The default configuration is recommended for most
 ** applications and so this routine is usually not necessary.  It is
 ** provided to support rare applications with unusual needs.
 **
-** The sqlite3_config() interface is not threadsafe.  The application
-** must insure that no other SQLite interfaces are invoked by other
-** threads while sqlite3_config() is running.  Furthermore, sqlite3_config()
+** <b>The sqlite3_config() interface is not threadsafe. The application
+** must ensure that no other SQLite interfaces are invoked by other
+** threads while sqlite3_config() is running.</b>
+**
+** The sqlite3_config() interface
 ** may only be invoked prior to library initialization using
 ** [sqlite3_initialize()] or after shutdown by [sqlite3_shutdown()].
 ** ^If sqlite3_config() is called after [sqlite3_initialize()] and before
 ** [sqlite3_shutdown()] then it will return SQLITE_MISUSE.
 ** Note, however, that ^sqlite3_config() can be called as part of the
 ** implementation of an application-defined [sqlite3_os_init()].
 **
 ** The first argument to sqlite3_config() is an integer
@@ -1838,35 +1615,36 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_end(void);
 ** what property of SQLite is to be configured.  Subsequent arguments
 ** vary depending on the [configuration option]
 ** in the first argument.
 **
 ** ^When a configuration option is set, sqlite3_config() returns [SQLITE_OK].
 ** ^If the option is unknown or SQLite is unable to set the option
 ** then this routine returns a non-zero [error code].
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_config(int, ...);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_CDECL sqlite3_config(int, ...);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Configure database connections
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** The sqlite3_db_config() interface is used to make configuration
 ** changes to a [database connection].  The interface is similar to
 ** [sqlite3_config()] except that the changes apply to a single
 ** [database connection] (specified in the first argument).
 **
 ** The second argument to sqlite3_db_config(D,V,...)  is the
 ** [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE | configuration verb] - an integer code 
 ** that indicates what aspect of the [database connection] is being configured.
 ** Subsequent arguments vary depending on the configuration verb.
 **
 ** ^Calls to sqlite3_db_config() return SQLITE_OK if and only if
 ** the call is considered successful.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_config(sqlite3*, int op, ...);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_CDECL sqlite3_db_config(sqlite3*, int op, ...);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocation Routines
 **
 ** An instance of this object defines the interface between SQLite
 ** and low-level memory allocation routines.
 **
 ** This object is used in only one place in the SQLite interface.
@@ -1900,17 +1678,17 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_config(sqlite3
 ** The xRoundup method returns what would be the allocated size of
 ** a memory allocation given a particular requested size.  Most memory
 ** allocators round up memory allocations at least to the next multiple
 ** of 8.  Some allocators round up to a larger multiple or to a power of 2.
 ** Every memory allocation request coming in through [sqlite3_malloc()]
 ** or [sqlite3_realloc()] first calls xRoundup.  If xRoundup returns 0, 
 ** that causes the corresponding memory allocation to fail.
 **
-** The xInit method initializes the memory allocator.  (For example,
+** The xInit method initializes the memory allocator.  For example,
 ** it might allocate any require mutexes or initialize internal data
 ** structures.  The xShutdown method is invoked (indirectly) by
 ** [sqlite3_shutdown()] and should deallocate any resources acquired
 ** by xInit.  The pAppData pointer is used as the only parameter to
 ** xInit and xShutdown.
 **
 ** SQLite holds the [SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER] mutex when it invokes
 ** the xInit method, so the xInit method need not be threadsafe.  The
@@ -1990,149 +1768,172 @@ struct sqlite3_mem_methods {
 ** same [prepared statement] in different threads at the same time.
 ** ^If SQLite is compiled with
 ** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
 ** it is not possible to set the Serialized [threading mode] and
 ** [sqlite3_config()] will return [SQLITE_ERROR] if called with the
 ** SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED configuration option.</dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
-** instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure.  The argument specifies
+** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC option takes a single argument which is 
+** a pointer to an instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure.
+** The argument specifies
 ** alternative low-level memory allocation routines to be used in place of
 ** the memory allocation routines built into SQLite.)^ ^SQLite makes
 ** its own private copy of the content of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure
 ** before the [sqlite3_config()] call returns.</dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
-** instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure.  The [sqlite3_mem_methods]
+** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC option takes a single argument which
+** is a pointer to an instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure.
+** The [sqlite3_mem_methods]
 ** structure is filled with the currently defined memory allocation routines.)^
 ** This option can be used to overload the default memory allocation
 ** routines with a wrapper that simulations memory allocation failure or
 ** tracks memory usage, for example. </dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS</dt>
-** <dd> ^This option takes single argument of type int, interpreted as a 
-** boolean, which enables or disables the collection of memory allocation 
-** statistics. ^(When memory allocation statistics are disabled, the 
-** following SQLite interfaces become non-operational:
+** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS option takes single argument of type int,
+** interpreted as a boolean, which enables or disables the collection of
+** memory allocation statistics. ^(When memory allocation statistics are
+** disabled, the following SQLite interfaces become non-operational:
 **   <ul>
 **   <li> [sqlite3_memory_used()]
 **   <li> [sqlite3_memory_highwater()]
 **   <li> [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64()]
-**   <li> [sqlite3_status()]
+**   <li> [sqlite3_status64()]
 **   </ul>)^
 ** ^Memory allocation statistics are enabled by default unless SQLite is
 ** compiled with [SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS]=0 in which case memory
 ** allocation statistics are disabled by default.
 ** </dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH</dt>
-** <dd> ^This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite can use for
-** scratch memory.  There are three arguments:  A pointer an 8-byte
+** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH option specifies a static memory buffer
+** that SQLite can use for scratch memory.  ^(There are three arguments
+** to SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH:  A pointer an 8-byte
 ** aligned memory buffer from which the scratch allocations will be
 ** drawn, the size of each scratch allocation (sz),
-** and the maximum number of scratch allocations (N).  The sz
-** argument must be a multiple of 16.
+** and the maximum number of scratch allocations (N).)^
 ** The first argument must be a pointer to an 8-byte aligned buffer
 ** of at least sz*N bytes of memory.
-** ^SQLite will use no more than two scratch buffers per thread.  So
-** N should be set to twice the expected maximum number of threads.
-** ^SQLite will never require a scratch buffer that is more than 6
-** times the database page size. ^If SQLite needs needs additional
+** ^SQLite will not use more than one scratch buffers per thread.
+** ^SQLite will never request a scratch buffer that is more than 6
+** times the database page size.
+** ^If SQLite needs needs additional
 ** scratch memory beyond what is provided by this configuration option, then 
-** [sqlite3_malloc()] will be used to obtain the memory needed.</dd>
+** [sqlite3_malloc()] will be used to obtain the memory needed.<p>
+** ^When the application provides any amount of scratch memory using
+** SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH, SQLite avoids unnecessary large
+** [sqlite3_malloc|heap allocations].
+** This can help [Robson proof|prevent memory allocation failures] due to heap
+** fragmentation in low-memory embedded systems.
+** </dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE</dt>
-** <dd> ^This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite can use for
-** the database page cache with the default page cache implementation.  
-** This configuration should not be used if an application-define page
-** cache implementation is loaded using the SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2 option.
-** There are three arguments to this option: A pointer to 8-byte aligned
-** memory, the size of each page buffer (sz), and the number of pages (N).
+** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE option specifies a memory pool
+** that SQLite can use for the database page cache with the default page
+** cache implementation.  
+** This configuration option is a no-op if an application-define page
+** cache implementation is loaded using the [SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2].
+** ^There are three arguments to SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE: A pointer to
+** 8-byte aligned memory (pMem), the size of each page cache line (sz),
+** and the number of cache lines (N).
 ** The sz argument should be the size of the largest database page
-** (a power of two between 512 and 32768) plus a little extra for each
-** page header.  ^The page header size is 20 to 40 bytes depending on
-** the host architecture.  ^It is harmless, apart from the wasted memory,
-** to make sz a little too large.  The first
-** argument should point to an allocation of at least sz*N bytes of memory.
-** ^SQLite will use the memory provided by the first argument to satisfy its
-** memory needs for the first N pages that it adds to cache.  ^If additional
-** page cache memory is needed beyond what is provided by this option, then
-** SQLite goes to [sqlite3_malloc()] for the additional storage space.
-** The pointer in the first argument must
-** be aligned to an 8-byte boundary or subsequent behavior of SQLite
-** will be undefined.</dd>
+** (a power of two between 512 and 65536) plus some extra bytes for each
+** page header.  ^The number of extra bytes needed by the page header
+** can be determined using [SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ].
+** ^It is harmless, apart from the wasted memory,
+** for the sz parameter to be larger than necessary.  The pMem
+** argument must be either a NULL pointer or a pointer to an 8-byte
+** aligned block of memory of at least sz*N bytes, otherwise
+** subsequent behavior is undefined.
+** ^When pMem is not NULL, SQLite will strive to use the memory provided
+** to satisfy page cache needs, falling back to [sqlite3_malloc()] if
+** a page cache line is larger than sz bytes or if all of the pMem buffer
+** is exhausted.
+** ^If pMem is NULL and N is non-zero, then each database connection
+** does an initial bulk allocation for page cache memory
+** from [sqlite3_malloc()] sufficient for N cache lines if N is positive or
+** of -1024*N bytes if N is negative, . ^If additional
+** page cache memory is needed beyond what is provided by the initial
+** allocation, then SQLite goes to [sqlite3_malloc()] separately for each
+** additional cache line. </dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP</dt>
-** <dd> ^This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite will use
-** for all of its dynamic memory allocation needs beyond those provided
-** for by [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH] and [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE].
-** There are three arguments: An 8-byte aligned pointer to the memory,
+** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP option specifies a static memory buffer 
+** that SQLite will use for all of its dynamic memory allocation needs
+** beyond those provided for by [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH] and
+** [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE].
+** ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP option is only available if SQLite is compiled
+** with either [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3] or [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5] and returns
+** [SQLITE_ERROR] if invoked otherwise.
+** ^There are three arguments to SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP:
+** An 8-byte aligned pointer to the memory,
 ** the number of bytes in the memory buffer, and the minimum allocation size.
 ** ^If the first pointer (the memory pointer) is NULL, then SQLite reverts
 ** to using its default memory allocator (the system malloc() implementation),
 ** undoing any prior invocation of [SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC].  ^If the
-** memory pointer is not NULL and either [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3] or
-** [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5] are defined, then the alternative memory
+** memory pointer is not NULL then the alternative memory
 ** allocator is engaged to handle all of SQLites memory allocation needs.
 ** The first pointer (the memory pointer) must be aligned to an 8-byte
 ** boundary or subsequent behavior of SQLite will be undefined.
 ** The minimum allocation size is capped at 2**12. Reasonable values
 ** for the minimum allocation size are 2**5 through 2**8.</dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
-** instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure.  The argument specifies
-** alternative low-level mutex routines to be used in place
-** the mutex routines built into SQLite.)^  ^SQLite makes a copy of the
-** content of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure before the call to
+** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX option takes a single argument which is a
+** pointer to an instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure.
+** The argument specifies alternative low-level mutex routines to be used
+** in place the mutex routines built into SQLite.)^  ^SQLite makes a copy of
+** the content of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure before the call to
 ** [sqlite3_config()] returns. ^If SQLite is compiled with
 ** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
 ** the entire mutexing subsystem is omitted from the build and hence calls to
 ** [sqlite3_config()] with the SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX configuration option will
 ** return [SQLITE_ERROR].</dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
-** instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure.  The
+** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX option takes a single argument which
+** is a pointer to an instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure.  The
 ** [sqlite3_mutex_methods]
 ** structure is filled with the currently defined mutex routines.)^
 ** This option can be used to overload the default mutex allocation
 ** routines with a wrapper used to track mutex usage for performance
 ** profiling or testing, for example.   ^If SQLite is compiled with
 ** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
 ** the entire mutexing subsystem is omitted from the build and hence calls to
 ** [sqlite3_config()] with the SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX configuration option will
 ** return [SQLITE_ERROR].</dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes two arguments that determine the default
-** memory allocation for the lookaside memory allocator on each
-** [database connection].  The first argument is the
+** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE option takes two arguments that determine
+** the default size of lookaside memory on each [database connection].
+** The first argument is the
 ** size of each lookaside buffer slot and the second is the number of
-** slots allocated to each database connection.)^  ^(This option sets the
-** <i>default</i> lookaside size. The [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE]
-** verb to [sqlite3_db_config()] can be used to change the lookaside
+** slots allocated to each database connection.)^  ^(SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE
+** sets the <i>default</i> lookaside size. The [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE]
+** option to [sqlite3_db_config()] can be used to change the lookaside
 ** configuration on individual connections.)^ </dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to
-** an [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object.  This object specifies the interface
-** to a custom page cache implementation.)^  ^SQLite makes a copy of the
-** object and uses it for page cache memory allocations.</dd>
+** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2 option takes a single argument which is 
+** a pointer to an [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object.  This object specifies
+** the interface to a custom page cache implementation.)^
+** ^SQLite makes a copy of the [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object.</dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2</dt>
-** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
-** [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object.  SQLite copies of the current
-** page cache implementation into that object.)^ </dd>
+** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2 option takes a single argument which
+** is a pointer to an [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object.  SQLite copies of
+** the current page cache implementation into that object.)^ </dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG</dt>
-** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG option takes two arguments: a pointer to a
+** <dd> The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG option is used to configure the SQLite
+** global [error log].
+** (^The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG option takes two arguments: a pointer to a
 ** function with a call signature of void(*)(void*,int,const char*), 
 ** and a pointer to void. ^If the function pointer is not NULL, it is
 ** invoked by [sqlite3_log()] to process each logging event.  ^If the
 ** function pointer is NULL, the [sqlite3_log()] interface becomes a no-op.
 ** ^The void pointer that is the second argument to SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG is
 ** passed through as the first parameter to the application-defined logger
 ** function whenever that function is invoked.  ^The second parameter to
 ** the logger function is a copy of the first parameter to the corresponding
@@ -2140,60 +1941,104 @@ struct sqlite3_mem_methods {
 ** [extended result code].  ^The third parameter passed to the logger is
 ** log message after formatting via [sqlite3_snprintf()].
 ** The SQLite logging interface is not reentrant; the logger function
 ** supplied by the application must not invoke any SQLite interface.
 ** In a multi-threaded application, the application-defined logger
 ** function must be threadsafe. </dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_URI]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_URI
-** <dd> This option takes a single argument of type int. If non-zero, then
-** URI handling is globally enabled. If the parameter is zero, then URI handling
-** is globally disabled. If URI handling is globally enabled, all filenames
-** passed to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()], [sqlite3_open16()] or
+** <dd>^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_URI option takes a single argument of type int.
+** If non-zero, then URI handling is globally enabled. If the parameter is zero,
+** then URI handling is globally disabled.)^ ^If URI handling is globally
+** enabled, all filenames passed to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()],
+** [sqlite3_open16()] or
 ** specified as part of [ATTACH] commands are interpreted as URIs, regardless
 ** of whether or not the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flag is set when the database
-** connection is opened. If it is globally disabled, filenames are
+** connection is opened. ^If it is globally disabled, filenames are
 ** only interpreted as URIs if the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set when the
-** database connection is opened. By default, URI handling is globally
+** database connection is opened. ^(By default, URI handling is globally
 ** disabled. The default value may be changed by compiling with the
-** [SQLITE_USE_URI] symbol defined.
+** [SQLITE_USE_URI] symbol defined.)^
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN
-** <dd> This option takes a single integer argument which is interpreted as
-** a boolean in order to enable or disable the use of covering indices for
-** full table scans in the query optimizer.  The default setting is determined
+** <dd>^The SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN option takes a single integer
+** argument which is interpreted as a boolean in order to enable or disable
+** the use of covering indices for full table scans in the query optimizer.
+** ^The default setting is determined
 ** by the [SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN] compile-time option, or is "on"
 ** if that compile-time option is omitted.
 ** The ability to disable the use of covering indices for full table scans
 ** is because some incorrectly coded legacy applications might malfunction
-** malfunction when the optimization is enabled.  Providing the ability to
+** when the optimization is enabled.  Providing the ability to
 ** disable the optimization allows the older, buggy application code to work
 ** without change even with newer versions of SQLite.
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE]] [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE]]
 ** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE and SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE
 ** <dd> These options are obsolete and should not be used by new code.
 ** They are retained for backwards compatibility but are now no-ops.
-** </dl>
+** </dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SQLLOG]]
 ** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SQLLOG
 ** <dd>This option is only available if sqlite is compiled with the
-** SQLITE_ENABLE_SQLLOG pre-processor macro defined. The first argument should
+** [SQLITE_ENABLE_SQLLOG] pre-processor macro defined. The first argument should
 ** be a pointer to a function of type void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,const char*, int).
 ** The second should be of type (void*). The callback is invoked by the library
 ** in three separate circumstances, identified by the value passed as the
 ** fourth parameter. If the fourth parameter is 0, then the database connection
 ** passed as the second argument has just been opened. The third argument
 ** points to a buffer containing the name of the main database file. If the
 ** fourth parameter is 1, then the SQL statement that the third parameter
 ** points to has just been executed. Or, if the fourth parameter is 2, then
 ** the connection being passed as the second parameter is being closed. The
-** third parameter is passed NULL In this case.
+** third parameter is passed NULL In this case.  An example of using this
+** configuration option can be seen in the "test_sqllog.c" source file in
+** the canonical SQLite source tree.</dd>
+**
+** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE]]
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE
+** <dd>^SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE takes two 64-bit integer (sqlite3_int64) values
+** that are the default mmap size limit (the default setting for
+** [PRAGMA mmap_size]) and the maximum allowed mmap size limit.
+** ^The default setting can be overridden by each database connection using
+** either the [PRAGMA mmap_size] command, or by using the
+** [SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE] file control.  ^(The maximum allowed mmap size
+** will be silently truncated if necessary so that it does not exceed the
+** compile-time maximum mmap size set by the
+** [SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE] compile-time option.)^
+** ^If either argument to this option is negative, then that argument is
+** changed to its compile-time default.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE]]
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE
+** <dd>^The SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE option is only available if SQLite is
+** compiled for Windows with the [SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC] pre-processor macro
+** defined. ^SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE takes a 32-bit unsigned integer value
+** that specifies the maximum size of the created heap.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ]]
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ
+** <dd>^The SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ option takes a single parameter which
+** is a pointer to an integer and writes into that integer the number of extra
+** bytes per page required for each page in [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE].
+** The amount of extra space required can change depending on the compiler,
+** target platform, and SQLite version.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PMASZ]]
+** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PMASZ
+** <dd>^The SQLITE_CONFIG_PMASZ option takes a single parameter which
+** is an unsigned integer and sets the "Minimum PMA Size" for the multithreaded
+** sorter to that integer.  The default minimum PMA Size is set by the
+** [SQLITE_SORTER_PMASZ] compile-time option.  New threads are launched
+** to help with sort operations when multithreaded sorting
+** is enabled (using the [PRAGMA threads] command) and the amount of content
+** to be sorted exceeds the page size times the minimum of the
+** [PRAGMA cache_size] setting and this value.
 ** </dl>
 */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD  1  /* nil */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD   2  /* nil */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED    3  /* nil */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC        4  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC     5  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH       6  /* void*, int sz, int N */
@@ -2207,16 +2052,20 @@ struct sqlite3_mem_methods {
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE       14  /* no-op */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE    15  /* no-op */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG          16  /* xFunc, void* */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_URI          17  /* int */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2      18  /* sqlite3_pcache_methods2* */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2   19  /* sqlite3_pcache_methods2* */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN 20  /* int */
 #define SQLITE_CONFIG_SQLLOG       21  /* xSqllog, void* */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE    22  /* sqlite3_int64, sqlite3_int64 */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE      23  /* int nByte */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ        24  /* int *psz */
+#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PMASZ               25  /* unsigned int szPma */
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Configuration Options
 **
 ** These constants are the available integer configuration options that
 ** can be passed as the second argument to the [sqlite3_db_config()] interface.
 **
 ** New configuration options may be added in future releases of SQLite.
@@ -2273,39 +2122,43 @@ struct sqlite3_mem_methods {
 */
 #define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE       1001  /* void* int int */
 #define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY     1002  /* int int* */
 #define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER  1003  /* int int* */
 
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extended Result Codes
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_extended_result_codes() routine enables or disables the
 ** [extended result codes] feature of SQLite. ^The extended result
 ** codes are disabled by default for historical compatibility.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_extended_result_codes(sqlite3*, int onoff);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_extended_result_codes(sqlite3*, int onoff);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Last Insert Rowid
-**
-** ^Each entry in an SQLite table has a unique 64-bit signed
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** ^Each entry in most SQLite tables (except for [WITHOUT ROWID] tables)
+** has a unique 64-bit signed
 ** integer key called the [ROWID | "rowid"]. ^The rowid is always available
 ** as an undeclared column named ROWID, OID, or _ROWID_ as long as those
 ** names are not also used by explicitly declared columns. ^If
 ** the table has a column of type [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] then that column
 ** is another alias for the rowid.
 **
-** ^This routine returns the [rowid] of the most recent
-** successful [INSERT] into the database from the [database connection]
-** in the first argument.  ^As of SQLite version 3.7.7, this routines
-** records the last insert rowid of both ordinary tables and [virtual tables].
-** ^If no successful [INSERT]s
-** have ever occurred on that database connection, zero is returned.
+** ^The sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) interface returns the [rowid] of the 
+** most recent successful [INSERT] into a rowid table or [virtual table]
+** on database connection D.
+** ^Inserts into [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are not recorded.
+** ^If no successful [INSERT]s into rowid tables
+** have ever occurred on the database connection D, 
+** then sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) returns zero.
 **
 ** ^(If an [INSERT] occurs within a trigger or within a [virtual table]
 ** method, then this routine will return the [rowid] of the inserted
 ** row as long as the trigger or virtual table method is running.
 ** But once the trigger or virtual table method ends, the value returned 
 ** by this routine reverts to what it was before the trigger or virtual
 ** table method began.)^
 **
@@ -2327,100 +2180,98 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_extended_result_c
 **
 ** If a separate thread performs a new [INSERT] on the same
 ** database connection while the [sqlite3_last_insert_rowid()]
 ** function is running and thus changes the last insert [rowid],
 ** then the value returned by [sqlite3_last_insert_rowid()] is
 ** unpredictable and might not equal either the old or the new
 ** last insert [rowid].
 */
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Count The Number Of Rows Modified
-**
-** ^This function returns the number of database rows that were changed
-** or inserted or deleted by the most recently completed SQL statement
-** on the [database connection] specified by the first parameter.
-** ^(Only changes that are directly specified by the [INSERT], [UPDATE],
-** or [DELETE] statement are counted.  Auxiliary changes caused by
-** triggers or [foreign key actions] are not counted.)^ Use the
-** [sqlite3_total_changes()] function to find the total number of changes
-** including changes caused by triggers and foreign key actions.
-**
-** ^Changes to a view that are simulated by an [INSTEAD OF trigger]
-** are not counted.  Only real table changes are counted.
-**
-** ^(A "row change" is a change to a single row of a single table
-** caused by an INSERT, DELETE, or UPDATE statement.  Rows that
-** are changed as side effects of [REPLACE] constraint resolution,
-** rollback, ABORT processing, [DROP TABLE], or by any other
-** mechanisms do not count as direct row changes.)^
-**
-** A "trigger context" is a scope of execution that begins and
-** ends with the script of a [CREATE TRIGGER | trigger]. 
-** Most SQL statements are
-** evaluated outside of any trigger.  This is the "top level"
-** trigger context.  If a trigger fires from the top level, a
-** new trigger context is entered for the duration of that one
-** trigger.  Subtriggers create subcontexts for their duration.
-**
-** ^Calling [sqlite3_exec()] or [sqlite3_step()] recursively does
-** not create a new trigger context.
-**
-** ^This function returns the number of direct row changes in the
-** most recent INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statement within the same
-** trigger context.
-**
-** ^Thus, when called from the top level, this function returns the
-** number of changes in the most recent INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE
-** that also occurred at the top level.  ^(Within the body of a trigger,
-** the sqlite3_changes() interface can be called to find the number of
-** changes in the most recently completed INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE
-** statement within the body of the same trigger.
-** However, the number returned does not include changes
-** caused by subtriggers since those have their own context.)^
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** ^This function returns the number of rows modified, inserted or
+** deleted by the most recently completed INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE
+** statement on the database connection specified by the only parameter.
+** ^Executing any other type of SQL statement does not modify the value
+** returned by this function.
+**
+** ^Only changes made directly by the INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statement are
+** considered - auxiliary changes caused by [CREATE TRIGGER | triggers], 
+** [foreign key actions] or [REPLACE] constraint resolution are not counted.
+** 
+** Changes to a view that are intercepted by 
+** [INSTEAD OF trigger | INSTEAD OF triggers] are not counted. ^The value 
+** returned by sqlite3_changes() immediately after an INSERT, UPDATE or 
+** DELETE statement run on a view is always zero. Only changes made to real 
+** tables are counted.
+**
+** Things are more complicated if the sqlite3_changes() function is
+** executed while a trigger program is running. This may happen if the
+** program uses the [changes() SQL function], or if some other callback
+** function invokes sqlite3_changes() directly. Essentially:
+** 
+** <ul>
+**   <li> ^(Before entering a trigger program the value returned by
+**        sqlite3_changes() function is saved. After the trigger program 
+**        has finished, the original value is restored.)^
+** 
+**   <li> ^(Within a trigger program each INSERT, UPDATE and DELETE 
+**        statement sets the value returned by sqlite3_changes() 
+**        upon completion as normal. Of course, this value will not include 
+**        any changes performed by sub-triggers, as the sqlite3_changes() 
+**        value will be saved and restored after each sub-trigger has run.)^
+** </ul>
+** 
+** ^This means that if the changes() SQL function (or similar) is used
+** by the first INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statement within a trigger, it 
+** returns the value as set when the calling statement began executing.
+** ^If it is used by the second or subsequent such statement within a trigger 
+** program, the value returned reflects the number of rows modified by the 
+** previous INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statement within the same trigger.
 **
 ** See also the [sqlite3_total_changes()] interface, the
 ** [count_changes pragma], and the [changes() SQL function].
 **
 ** If a separate thread makes changes on the same database connection
 ** while [sqlite3_changes()] is running then the value returned
 ** is unpredictable and not meaningful.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_changes(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_changes(sqlite3*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Total Number Of Rows Modified
-**
-** ^This function returns the number of row changes caused by [INSERT],
-** [UPDATE] or [DELETE] statements since the [database connection] was opened.
-** ^(The count returned by sqlite3_total_changes() includes all changes
-** from all [CREATE TRIGGER | trigger] contexts and changes made by
-** [foreign key actions]. However,
-** the count does not include changes used to implement [REPLACE] constraints,
-** do rollbacks or ABORT processing, or [DROP TABLE] processing.  The
-** count does not include rows of views that fire an [INSTEAD OF trigger],
-** though if the INSTEAD OF trigger makes changes of its own, those changes 
-** are counted.)^
-** ^The sqlite3_total_changes() function counts the changes as soon as
-** the statement that makes them is completed (when the statement handle
-** is passed to [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()]).
-**
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** ^This function returns the total number of rows inserted, modified or
+** deleted by all [INSERT], [UPDATE] or [DELETE] statements completed
+** since the database connection was opened, including those executed as
+** part of trigger programs. ^Executing any other type of SQL statement
+** does not affect the value returned by sqlite3_total_changes().
+** 
+** ^Changes made as part of [foreign key actions] are included in the
+** count, but those made as part of REPLACE constraint resolution are
+** not. ^Changes to a view that are intercepted by INSTEAD OF triggers 
+** are not counted.
+** 
 ** See also the [sqlite3_changes()] interface, the
 ** [count_changes pragma], and the [total_changes() SQL function].
 **
 ** If a separate thread makes changes on the same database connection
 ** while [sqlite3_total_changes()] is running then the value
 ** returned is unpredictable and not meaningful.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_total_changes(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_total_changes(sqlite3*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Interrupt A Long-Running Query
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^This function causes any pending database operation to abort and
 ** return at its earliest opportunity. This routine is typically
 ** called in response to a user action such as pressing "Cancel"
 ** or Ctrl-C where the user wants a long query operation to halt
 ** immediately.
 **
 ** ^It is safe to call this routine from a thread different from the
@@ -2446,17 +2297,17 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_total_changes(sql
 ** not effected by the sqlite3_interrupt().
 ** ^A call to sqlite3_interrupt(D) that occurs when there are no running
 ** SQL statements is a no-op and has no effect on SQL statements
 ** that are started after the sqlite3_interrupt() call returns.
 **
 ** If the database connection closes while [sqlite3_interrupt()]
 ** is running then bad things will likely happen.
 */
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite3*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Determine If An SQL Statement Is Complete
 **
 ** These routines are useful during command-line input to determine if the
 ** currently entered text seems to form a complete SQL statement or
 ** if additional input is needed before sending the text into
 ** SQLite for parsing.  ^These routines return 1 if the input string
@@ -2481,107 +2332,106 @@ SQLITE_API void sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite
 ** regardless of whether or not the input SQL is complete.)^
 **
 ** The input to [sqlite3_complete()] must be a zero-terminated
 ** UTF-8 string.
 **
 ** The input to [sqlite3_complete16()] must be a zero-terminated
 ** UTF-16 string in native byte order.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete(const char *sql);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete16(const void *sql);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_complete(const char *sql);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_complete16(const void *sql);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Register A Callback To Handle SQLITE_BUSY Errors
-**
-** ^This routine sets a callback function that might be invoked whenever
-** an attempt is made to open a database table that another thread
-** or process has locked.
-**
-** ^If the busy callback is NULL, then [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED]
+** KEYWORDS: {busy-handler callback} {busy handler}
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** ^The sqlite3_busy_handler(D,X,P) routine sets a callback function X
+** that might be invoked with argument P whenever
+** an attempt is made to access a database table associated with
+** [database connection] D when another thread
+** or process has the table locked.
+** The sqlite3_busy_handler() interface is used to implement
+** [sqlite3_busy_timeout()] and [PRAGMA busy_timeout].
+**
+** ^If the busy callback is NULL, then [SQLITE_BUSY]
 ** is returned immediately upon encountering the lock.  ^If the busy callback
 ** is not NULL, then the callback might be invoked with two arguments.
 **
 ** ^The first argument to the busy handler is a copy of the void* pointer which
 ** is the third argument to sqlite3_busy_handler().  ^The second argument to
 ** the busy handler callback is the number of times that the busy handler has
-** been invoked for this locking event.  ^If the
+** been invoked previously for the same locking event.  ^If the
 ** busy callback returns 0, then no additional attempts are made to
-** access the database and [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED] is returned.
+** access the database and [SQLITE_BUSY] is returned
+** to the application.
 ** ^If the callback returns non-zero, then another attempt
-** is made to open the database for reading and the cycle repeats.
+** is made to access the database and the cycle repeats.
 **
 ** The presence of a busy handler does not guarantee that it will be invoked
 ** when there is lock contention. ^If SQLite determines that invoking the busy
 ** handler could result in a deadlock, it will go ahead and return [SQLITE_BUSY]
-** or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED] instead of invoking the busy handler.
+** to the application instead of invoking the 
+** busy handler.
 ** Consider a scenario where one process is holding a read lock that
 ** it is trying to promote to a reserved lock and
 ** a second process is holding a reserved lock that it is trying
 ** to promote to an exclusive lock.  The first process cannot proceed
 ** because it is blocked by the second and the second process cannot
 ** proceed because it is blocked by the first.  If both processes
 ** invoke the busy handlers, neither will make any progress.  Therefore,
 ** SQLite returns [SQLITE_BUSY] for the first process, hoping that this
 ** will induce the first process to release its read lock and allow
 ** the second process to proceed.
 **
 ** ^The default busy callback is NULL.
 **
-** ^The [SQLITE_BUSY] error is converted to [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED]
-** when SQLite is in the middle of a large transaction where all the
-** changes will not fit into the in-memory cache.  SQLite will
-** already hold a RESERVED lock on the database file, but it needs
-** to promote this lock to EXCLUSIVE so that it can spill cache
-** pages into the database file without harm to concurrent
-** readers.  ^If it is unable to promote the lock, then the in-memory
-** cache will be left in an inconsistent state and so the error
-** code is promoted from the relatively benign [SQLITE_BUSY] to
-** the more severe [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED].  ^This error code promotion
-** forces an automatic rollback of the changes.  See the
-** <a href="/cvstrac/wiki?p=CorruptionFollowingBusyError">
-** CorruptionFollowingBusyError</a> wiki page for a discussion of why
-** this is important.
-**
 ** ^(There can only be a single busy handler defined for each
 ** [database connection].  Setting a new busy handler clears any
 ** previously set handler.)^  ^Note that calling [sqlite3_busy_timeout()]
-** will also set or clear the busy handler.
+** or evaluating [PRAGMA busy_timeout=N] will change the
+** busy handler and thus clear any previously set busy handler.
 **
 ** The busy callback should not take any actions which modify the
-** database connection that invoked the busy handler.  Any such actions
+** database connection that invoked the busy handler.  In other words,
+** the busy handler is not reentrant.  Any such actions
 ** result in undefined behavior.
 ** 
 ** A busy handler must not close the database connection
 ** or [prepared statement] that invoked the busy handler.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_handler(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*,int), void*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_busy_handler(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*,int), void*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Set A Busy Timeout
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^This routine sets a [sqlite3_busy_handler | busy handler] that sleeps
 ** for a specified amount of time when a table is locked.  ^The handler
 ** will sleep multiple times until at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping
 ** have accumulated.  ^After at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping,
 ** the handler returns 0 which causes [sqlite3_step()] to return
-** [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED].
+** [SQLITE_BUSY].
 **
 ** ^Calling this routine with an argument less than or equal to zero
 ** turns off all busy handlers.
 **
 ** ^(There can only be a single busy handler for a particular
-** [database connection] any any given moment.  If another busy handler
+** [database connection] at any given moment.  If another busy handler
 ** was defined  (using [sqlite3_busy_handler()]) prior to calling
 ** this routine, that other busy handler is cleared.)^
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqlite3*, int ms);
+**
+** See also:  [PRAGMA busy_timeout]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqlite3*, int ms);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Convenience Routines For Running Queries
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** This is a legacy interface that is preserved for backwards compatibility.
 ** Use of this interface is not recommended.
 **
 ** Definition: A <b>result table</b> is memory data structure created by the
 ** [sqlite3_get_table()] interface.  A result table records the
 ** complete query results from one or more queries.
 **
@@ -2642,31 +2492,35 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqli
 ** The sqlite3_get_table() interface is implemented as a wrapper around
 ** [sqlite3_exec()].  The sqlite3_get_table() routine does not have access
 ** to any internal data structures of SQLite.  It uses only the public
 ** interface defined here.  As a consequence, errors that occur in the
 ** wrapper layer outside of the internal [sqlite3_exec()] call are not
 ** reflected in subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode()] or
 ** [sqlite3_errmsg()].
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_get_table(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_get_table(
   sqlite3 *db,          /* An open database */
   const char *zSql,     /* SQL to be evaluated */
   char ***pazResult,    /* Results of the query */
   int *pnRow,           /* Number of result rows written here */
   int *pnColumn,        /* Number of result columns written here */
   char **pzErrmsg       /* Error msg written here */
 );
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free_table(char **result);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_free_table(char **result);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Formatted String Printing Functions
 **
 ** These routines are work-alikes of the "printf()" family of functions
 ** from the standard C library.
+** These routines understand most of the common K&R formatting options,
+** plus some additional non-standard formats, detailed below.
+** Note that some of the more obscure formatting options from recent
+** C-library standards are omitted from this implementation.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_mprintf() and sqlite3_vmprintf() routines write their
 ** results into memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()].
 ** The strings returned by these two routines should be
 ** released by [sqlite3_free()].  ^Both routines return a
 ** NULL pointer if [sqlite3_malloc()] is unable to allocate enough
 ** memory to hold the resulting string.
 **
@@ -2689,17 +2543,17 @@ SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free_table(char 
 ** the zero terminator.  So the longest string that can be completely
 ** written will be n-1 characters.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_vsnprintf() routine is a varargs version of sqlite3_snprintf().
 **
 ** These routines all implement some additional formatting
 ** options that are useful for constructing SQL statements.
 ** All of the usual printf() formatting options apply.  In addition, there
-** is are "%q", "%Q", and "%z" options.
+** is are "%q", "%Q", "%w" and "%z" options.
 **
 ** ^(The %q option works like %s in that it substitutes a nul-terminated
 ** string from the argument list.  But %q also doubles every '\'' character.
 ** %q is designed for use inside a string literal.)^  By doubling each '\''
 ** character it escapes that character and allows it to be inserted into
 ** the string.
 **
 ** For example, assume the string variable zText contains text as follows:
@@ -2742,69 +2596,93 @@ SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free_table(char 
 **  char *zSQL = sqlite3_mprintf("INSERT INTO table VALUES(%Q)", zText);
 **  sqlite3_exec(db, zSQL, 0, 0, 0);
 **  sqlite3_free(zSQL);
 ** </pre></blockquote>
 **
 ** The code above will render a correct SQL statement in the zSQL
 ** variable even if the zText variable is a NULL pointer.
 **
+** ^(The "%w" formatting option is like "%q" except that it expects to
+** be contained within double-quotes instead of single quotes, and it
+** escapes the double-quote character instead of the single-quote
+** character.)^  The "%w" formatting option is intended for safely inserting
+** table and column names into a constructed SQL statement.
+**
 ** ^(The "%z" formatting option works like "%s" but with the
 ** addition that after the string has been read and copied into
 ** the result, [sqlite3_free()] is called on the input string.)^
 */
-SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_mprintf(const char*,...);
-SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vmprintf(const char*, va_list);
-SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_snprintf(int,char*,const char*, ...);
-SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vsnprintf(int,char*,const char*, va_list);
+SQLITE_API char *SQLITE_CDECL sqlite3_mprintf(const char*,...);
+SQLITE_API char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_vmprintf(const char*, va_list);
+SQLITE_API char *SQLITE_CDECL sqlite3_snprintf(int,char*,const char*, ...);
+SQLITE_API char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_vsnprintf(int,char*,const char*, va_list);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocation Subsystem
 **
 ** The SQLite core uses these three routines for all of its own
 ** internal memory allocation needs. "Core" in the previous sentence
 ** does not include operating-system specific VFS implementation.  The
 ** Windows VFS uses native malloc() and free() for some operations.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_malloc() routine returns a pointer to a block
 ** of memory at least N bytes in length, where N is the parameter.
 ** ^If sqlite3_malloc() is unable to obtain sufficient free
 ** memory, it returns a NULL pointer.  ^If the parameter N to
 ** sqlite3_malloc() is zero or negative then sqlite3_malloc() returns
 ** a NULL pointer.
 **
+** ^The sqlite3_malloc64(N) routine works just like
+** sqlite3_malloc(N) except that N is an unsigned 64-bit integer instead
+** of a signed 32-bit integer.
+**
 ** ^Calling sqlite3_free() with a pointer previously returned
 ** by sqlite3_malloc() or sqlite3_realloc() releases that memory so
 ** that it might be reused.  ^The sqlite3_free() routine is
 ** a no-op if is called with a NULL pointer.  Passing a NULL pointer
 ** to sqlite3_free() is harmless.  After being freed, memory
 ** should neither be read nor written.  Even reading previously freed
 ** memory might result in a segmentation fault or other severe error.
 ** Memory corruption, a segmentation fault, or other severe error
 ** might result if sqlite3_free() is called with a non-NULL pointer that
 ** was not obtained from sqlite3_malloc() or sqlite3_realloc().
 **
-** ^(The sqlite3_realloc() interface attempts to resize a
-** prior memory allocation to be at least N bytes, where N is the
-** second parameter.  The memory allocation to be resized is the first
-** parameter.)^ ^ If the first parameter to sqlite3_realloc()
+** ^The sqlite3_realloc(X,N) interface attempts to resize a
+** prior memory allocation X to be at least N bytes.
+** ^If the X parameter to sqlite3_realloc(X,N)
 ** is a NULL pointer then its behavior is identical to calling
-** sqlite3_malloc(N) where N is the second parameter to sqlite3_realloc().
-** ^If the second parameter to sqlite3_realloc() is zero or
+** sqlite3_malloc(N).
+** ^If the N parameter to sqlite3_realloc(X,N) is zero or
 ** negative then the behavior is exactly the same as calling
-** sqlite3_free(P) where P is the first parameter to sqlite3_realloc().
-** ^sqlite3_realloc() returns a pointer to a memory allocation
-** of at least N bytes in size or NULL if sufficient memory is unavailable.
+** sqlite3_free(X).
+** ^sqlite3_realloc(X,N) returns a pointer to a memory allocation
+** of at least N bytes in size or NULL if insufficient memory is available.
 ** ^If M is the size of the prior allocation, then min(N,M) bytes
 ** of the prior allocation are copied into the beginning of buffer returned
-** by sqlite3_realloc() and the prior allocation is freed.
-** ^If sqlite3_realloc() returns NULL, then the prior allocation
-** is not freed.
-**
-** ^The memory returned by sqlite3_malloc() and sqlite3_realloc()
+** by sqlite3_realloc(X,N) and the prior allocation is freed.
+** ^If sqlite3_realloc(X,N) returns NULL and N is positive, then the
+** prior allocation is not freed.
+**
+** ^The sqlite3_realloc64(X,N) interfaces works the same as
+** sqlite3_realloc(X,N) except that N is a 64-bit unsigned integer instead
+** of a 32-bit signed integer.
+**
+** ^If X is a memory allocation previously obtained from sqlite3_malloc(),
+** sqlite3_malloc64(), sqlite3_realloc(), or sqlite3_realloc64(), then
+** sqlite3_msize(X) returns the size of that memory allocation in bytes.
+** ^The value returned by sqlite3_msize(X) might be larger than the number
+** of bytes requested when X was allocated.  ^If X is a NULL pointer then
+** sqlite3_msize(X) returns zero.  If X points to something that is not
+** the beginning of memory allocation, or if it points to a formerly
+** valid memory allocation that has now been freed, then the behavior
+** of sqlite3_msize(X) is undefined and possibly harmful.
+**
+** ^The memory returned by sqlite3_malloc(), sqlite3_realloc(),
+** sqlite3_malloc64(), and sqlite3_realloc64()
 ** is always aligned to at least an 8 byte boundary, or to a
 ** 4 byte boundary if the [SQLITE_4_BYTE_ALIGNED_MALLOC] compile-time
 ** option is used.
 **
 ** In SQLite version 3.5.0 and 3.5.1, it was possible to define
 ** the SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORY_ALLOCATION which would cause the built-in
 ** implementation of these routines to be omitted.  That capability
 ** is no longer provided.  Only built-in memory allocators can be used.
@@ -2821,19 +2699,22 @@ SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vsnprintf(int,c
 ** must be either NULL or else pointers obtained from a prior
 ** invocation of [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()] that have
 ** not yet been released.
 **
 ** The application must not read or write any part of
 ** a block of memory after it has been released using
 ** [sqlite3_free()] or [sqlite3_realloc()].
 */
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_malloc(int);
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_realloc(void*, int);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free(void*);
+SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_malloc(int);
+SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_malloc64(sqlite3_uint64);
+SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_realloc(void*, int);
+SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_realloc64(void*, sqlite3_uint64);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_free(void*);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_uint64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_msize(void*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocator Statistics
 **
 ** SQLite provides these two interfaces for reporting on the status
 ** of the [sqlite3_malloc()], [sqlite3_free()], and [sqlite3_realloc()]
 ** routines, which form the built-in memory allocation subsystem.
 **
@@ -2848,41 +2729,45 @@ SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free(void*);
 ** routines that [sqlite3_malloc()] may call.
 **
 ** ^The memory high-water mark is reset to the current value of
 ** [sqlite3_memory_used()] if and only if the parameter to
 ** [sqlite3_memory_highwater()] is true.  ^The value returned
 ** by [sqlite3_memory_highwater(1)] is the high-water mark
 ** prior to the reset.
 */
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_memory_used(void);
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_memory_highwater(int resetFlag);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_memory_used(void);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_memory_highwater(int resetFlag);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Pseudo-Random Number Generator
 **
 ** SQLite contains a high-quality pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) used to
 ** select random [ROWID | ROWIDs] when inserting new records into a table that
 ** already uses the largest possible [ROWID].  The PRNG is also used for
 ** the build-in random() and randomblob() SQL functions.  This interface allows
 ** applications to access the same PRNG for other purposes.
 **
 ** ^A call to this routine stores N bytes of randomness into buffer P.
-**
-** ^The first time this routine is invoked (either internally or by
-** the application) the PRNG is seeded using randomness obtained
-** from the xRandomness method of the default [sqlite3_vfs] object.
-** ^On all subsequent invocations, the pseudo-randomness is generated
+** ^The P parameter can be a NULL pointer.
+**
+** ^If this routine has not been previously called or if the previous
+** call had N less than one or a NULL pointer for P, then the PRNG is
+** seeded using randomness obtained from the xRandomness method of
+** the default [sqlite3_vfs] object.
+** ^If the previous call to this routine had an N of 1 or more and a
+** non-NULL P then the pseudo-randomness is generated
 ** internally and without recourse to the [sqlite3_vfs] xRandomness
 ** method.
 */
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_randomness(int N, void *P);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_randomness(int N, void *P);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Compile-Time Authorization Callbacks
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^This routine registers an authorizer callback with a particular
 ** [database connection], supplied in the first argument.
 ** ^The authorizer callback is invoked as SQL statements are being compiled
 ** by [sqlite3_prepare()] or its variants [sqlite3_prepare_v2()],
 ** [sqlite3_prepare16()] and [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].  ^At various
 ** points during the compilation process, as logic is being created
 ** to perform various actions, the authorizer callback is invoked to
@@ -2951,33 +2836,33 @@ SQLITE_API void sqlite3_randomness(int N
 ** correct authorizer callback remains in place during the [sqlite3_step()].
 **
 ** ^Note that the authorizer callback is invoked only during
 ** [sqlite3_prepare()] or its variants.  Authorization is not
 ** performed during statement evaluation in [sqlite3_step()], unless
 ** as stated in the previous paragraph, sqlite3_step() invokes
 ** sqlite3_prepare_v2() to reprepare a statement after a schema change.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_set_authorizer(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_set_authorizer(
   sqlite3*,
   int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*),
   void *pUserData
 );
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Authorizer Return Codes
 **
 ** The [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer callback function] must
 ** return either [SQLITE_OK] or one of these two constants in order
 ** to signal SQLite whether or not the action is permitted.  See the
 ** [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer documentation] for additional
 ** information.
 **
-** Note that SQLITE_IGNORE is also used as a [SQLITE_ROLLBACK | return code]
-** from the [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] interface.
+** Note that SQLITE_IGNORE is also used as a [conflict resolution mode]
+** returned from the [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] interface.
 */
 #define SQLITE_DENY   1   /* Abort the SQL statement with an error */
 #define SQLITE_IGNORE 2   /* Don't allow access, but don't generate an error */
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Authorizer Action Codes
 **
 ** The [sqlite3_set_authorizer()] interface registers a callback function
@@ -3025,59 +2910,66 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_set_authorizer(
 #define SQLITE_ALTER_TABLE          26   /* Database Name   Table Name      */
 #define SQLITE_REINDEX              27   /* Index Name      NULL            */
 #define SQLITE_ANALYZE              28   /* Table Name      NULL            */
 #define SQLITE_CREATE_VTABLE        29   /* Table Name      Module Name     */
 #define SQLITE_DROP_VTABLE          30   /* Table Name      Module Name     */
 #define SQLITE_FUNCTION             31   /* NULL            Function Name   */
 #define SQLITE_SAVEPOINT            32   /* Operation       Savepoint Name  */
 #define SQLITE_COPY                  0   /* No longer used */
+#define SQLITE_RECURSIVE            33   /* NULL            NULL            */
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Tracing And Profiling Functions
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** These routines register callback functions that can be used for
 ** tracing and profiling the execution of SQL statements.
 **
 ** ^The callback function registered by sqlite3_trace() is invoked at
 ** various times when an SQL statement is being run by [sqlite3_step()].
 ** ^The sqlite3_trace() callback is invoked with a UTF-8 rendering of the
 ** SQL statement text as the statement first begins executing.
 ** ^(Additional sqlite3_trace() callbacks might occur
 ** as each triggered subprogram is entered.  The callbacks for triggers
 ** contain a UTF-8 SQL comment that identifies the trigger.)^
 **
+** The [SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT] compile-time option can be used to limit
+** the length of [bound parameter] expansion in the output of sqlite3_trace().
+**
 ** ^The callback function registered by sqlite3_profile() is invoked
 ** as each SQL statement finishes.  ^The profile callback contains
 ** the original statement text and an estimate of wall-clock time
 ** of how long that statement took to run.  ^The profile callback
 ** time is in units of nanoseconds, however the current implementation
 ** is only capable of millisecond resolution so the six least significant
 ** digits in the time are meaningless.  Future versions of SQLite
 ** might provide greater resolution on the profiler callback.  The
 ** sqlite3_profile() function is considered experimental and is
 ** subject to change in future versions of SQLite.
 */
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_trace(sqlite3*, void(*xTrace)(void*,const char*), void*);
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void *sqlite3_profile(sqlite3*,
+SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_trace(sqlite3*, void(*xTrace)(void*,const char*), void*);
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_profile(sqlite3*,
    void(*xProfile)(void*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64), void*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Query Progress Callbacks
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_progress_handler(D,N,X,P) interface causes the callback
 ** function X to be invoked periodically during long running calls to
 ** [sqlite3_exec()], [sqlite3_step()] and [sqlite3_get_table()] for
 ** database connection D.  An example use for this
 ** interface is to keep a GUI updated during a large query.
 **
 ** ^The parameter P is passed through as the only parameter to the 
-** callback function X.  ^The parameter N is the number of 
+** callback function X.  ^The parameter N is the approximate number of 
 ** [virtual machine instructions] that are evaluated between successive
-** invocations of the callback X.
+** invocations of the callback X.  ^If N is less than one then the progress
+** handler is disabled.
 **
 ** ^Only a single progress handler may be defined at one time per
 ** [database connection]; setting a new progress handler cancels the
 ** old one.  ^Setting parameter X to NULL disables the progress handler.
 ** ^The progress handler is also disabled by setting N to a value less
 ** than 1.
 **
 ** ^If the progress callback returns non-zero, the operation is
@@ -3085,37 +2977,38 @@ SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void *sql
 ** "Cancel" button on a GUI progress dialog box.
 **
 ** The progress handler callback must not do anything that will modify
 ** the database connection that invoked the progress handler.
 ** Note that [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_step()] both modify their
 ** database connections for the meaning of "modify" in this paragraph.
 **
 */
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_progress_handler(sqlite3*, int, int(*)(void*), void*);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_progress_handler(sqlite3*, int, int(*)(void*), void*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Opening A New Database Connection
+** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^These routines open an SQLite database file as specified by the 
 ** filename argument. ^The filename argument is interpreted as UTF-8 for
 ** sqlite3_open() and sqlite3_open_v2() and as UTF-16 in the native byte
 ** order for sqlite3_open16(). ^(A [database connection] handle is usually
 ** returned in *ppDb, even if an error occurs.  The only exception is that
 ** if SQLite is unable to allocate memory to hold the [sqlite3] object,
 ** a NULL will be written into *ppDb instead of a pointer to the [sqlite3]
 ** object.)^ ^(If the database is opened (and/or created) successfully, then
 ** [SQLITE_OK] is returned.  Otherwise an [error code] is returned.)^ ^The
 ** [sqlite3_errmsg()] or [sqlite3_errmsg16()] routines can be used to obtain
 ** an English language description of the error following a failure of any
 ** of the sqlite3_open() routines.
 **
-** ^The default encoding for the database will be UTF-8 if
-** sqlite3_open() or sqlite3_open_v2() is called and
-** UTF-16 in the native byte order if sqlite3_open16() is used.
+** ^The default encoding will be UTF-8 for databases created using
+** sqlite3_open() or sqlite3_open_v2().  ^The default encoding for databases
+** created using sqlite3_open16() will be UTF-16 in the native byte order.
 **
 ** Whether or not an error occurs when it is opened, resources
 ** associated with the [database connection] handle should be released by
 ** passing it to [sqlite3_close()] when it is no longer required.
 **
 ** The sqlite3_open_v2() interface works like sqlite3_open()
 ** except that it accepts two additional parameters for additional control
 ** over the new database connection.  ^(The flags parameter to
@@ -3193,23 +3086,24 @@ SQLITE_API void sqlite3_progress_handler
 ** error is returned to the caller. ^The fragment component of a URI, if 
 ** present, is ignored.
 **
 ** ^SQLite uses the path component of the URI as the name of the disk file
 ** which contains the database. ^If the path begins with a '/' character, 
 ** then it is interpreted as an absolute path. ^If the path does not begin 
 ** with a '/' (meaning that the authority section is omitted from the URI)
 ** then the path is interpreted as a relative path. 
-** ^On windows, the first component of an absolute path 
-** is a drive specification (e.g. "C:").
+** ^(On windows, the first component of an absolute path 
+** is a drive specification (e.g. "C:").)^
 **
 ** [[core URI query parameters]]
 ** The query component of a URI may contain parameters that are interpreted
 ** either by SQLite itself, or by a [VFS | custom VFS implementation].
-** SQLite interprets the following three query parameters:
+** SQLite and its built-in [VFSes] interpret the
+** following query parameters:
 **
 ** <ul>
 **   <li> <b>vfs</b>: ^The "vfs" parameter may be used to specify the name of
 **     a VFS object that provides the operating system interface that should
 **     be used to access the database file on disk. ^If this option is set to
 **     an empty string the default VFS object is used. ^Specifying an unknown
 **     VFS is an error. ^If sqlite3_open_v2() is used and the vfs option is
 **     present, then the VFS specified by the option takes precedence over
@@ -3231,18 +3125,40 @@ SQLITE_API void sqlite3_progress_handler
 **     the flags passed in the third parameter to sqlite3_open_v2().
 **
 **   <li> <b>cache</b>: ^The cache parameter may be set to either "shared" or
 **     "private". ^Setting it to "shared" is equivalent to setting the
 **     SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE bit in the flags argument passed to
 **     sqlite3_open_v2(). ^Setting the cache parameter to "private" is 
 **     equivalent to setting the SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE bit.
 **     ^If sqlite3_open_v2() is used and the "cache" parameter is present in
-**     a URI filename, its value overrides any behaviour requested by setting
+**     a URI filename, its value overrides any behavior requested by setting
 **     SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE or SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE flag.
+**
+**  <li> <b>psow</b>: ^The psow parameter indicates whether or not the
+**     [powersafe overwrite] property does or does not apply to the
+**     storage media on which the database file resides.
+**
+**  <li> <b>nolock</b>: ^The nolock parameter is a boolean query parameter
+**     which if set disables file locking in rollback journal modes.  This
+**     is useful for accessing a database on a filesystem that does not
+**     support locking.  Caution:  Database corruption might result if two
+**     or more processes write to the same database and any one of those
+**     processes uses nolock=1.
+**
+**  <li> <b>immutable</b>: ^The immutable parameter is a boolean query
+**     parameter that indicates that the database file is stored on
+**     read-only media.  ^When immutable is set, SQLite assumes that the
+**     database file cannot be changed, even by a process with higher
+**     privilege, and so the database is opened read-only and all locking
+**     and change detection is disabled.  Caution: Setting the immutable
+**     property on a database file that does in fact change can result
+**     in incorrect query results and/or [SQLITE_CORRUPT] errors.
+**     See also: [SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE].
+**       
 ** </ul>
 **
 ** ^Specifying an unknown parameter in the query component of a URI is not an
 ** error.  Future versions of SQLite might understand additional query
 ** parameters.  See "[query parameters with special meaning to SQLite]" for
 ** additional information.
 **
 ** [[URI filename examples]] <h3>URI filename examples</h3>
@@ -3262,18 +3178,19 @@ SQLITE_API void sqlite3_progress_handler
 **     <td> Windows only: Open the file "data.db" on fred's desktop on drive
 **          C:. Note that the %20 escaping in this example is not strictly 
 **          necessary - space characters can be used literally
 **          in URI filenames.
 ** <tr><td> file:data.db?mode=ro&cache=private <td> 
 **          Open file "data.db" in the current directory for read-only access.
 **          Regardless of whether or not shared-cache mode is enabled by
 **          default, use a private cache.
-** <tr><td> file:/home/fred/data.db?vfs=unix-nolock <td>
-**          Open file "/home/fred/data.db". Use the special VFS "unix-nolock".
+** <tr><td> file:/home/fred/data.db?vfs=unix-dotfile <td>
+**          Open file "/home/fred/data.db". Use the special VFS "unix-dotfile"
+**          that uses dot-files in place of posix advisory locking.
 ** <tr><td> file:data.db?mode=readonly <td> 
 **          An error. "readonly" is not a valid option for the "mode" parameter.
 ** </table>
 **
 ** ^URI hexadecimal escape sequences (%HH) are supported within the path and
 ** query components of a URI. A hexadecimal escape sequence consists of a
 ** percent sign - "%" - followed by exactly two hexadecimal digits 
 ** specifying an octet value. ^Before the path or query components of a
@@ -3289,25 +3206,25 @@ SQLITE_API void sqlite3_progress_handler
 ** sqlite3_open() or sqlite3_open_v2().
 **
 ** <b>Note to Windows Runtime users:</b>  The temporary directory must be set
 ** prior to calling sqlite3_open() or sqlite3_open_v2().  Otherwise, various
 ** features that require the use of temporary files may fail.
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_temp_directory]
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_open(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_open(
   const char *filename,   /* Database filename (UTF-8) */
   sqlite3 **ppDb          /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
 );
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_open16(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_open16(
   const void *filename,   /* Database filename (UTF-16) */
   sqlite3 **ppDb          /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
 );
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_open_v2(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_open_v2(
   const char *filename,   /* Database filename (UTF-8) */
   sqlite3 **ppDb,         /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
   int flags,              /* Flags */
   const char *zVfs        /* Name of VFS module to use */
 );
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Obtain Values For URI Parameters
@@ -3343,29 +3260,32 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_open_v2(
 ** zero is returned.
 ** 
 ** If F is a NULL pointer, then sqlite3_uri_parameter(F,P) returns NULL and
 ** sqlite3_uri_boolean(F,P,B) returns B.  If F is not a NULL pointer and
 ** is not a database file pathname pointer that SQLite passed into the xOpen
 ** VFS method, then the behavior of this routine is undefined and probably
 ** undesirable.
 */
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_uri_parameter(const char *zFilename, const char *zParam);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_uri_boolean(const char *zFile, const char *zParam, int bDefault);
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_uri_int64(const char*, const char*, sqlite3_int64);
+SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_uri_parameter(const char *zFilename, const char *zParam);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_uri_boolean(const char *zFile, const char *zParam, int bDefault);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_uri_int64(const char*, const char*, sqlite3_int64);
 
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Error Codes And Messages
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_errcode() interface returns the numeric [result code] or
-** [extended result code] for the most recent failed sqlite3_* API call
-** associated with a [database connection]. If a prior API call failed
-** but the most recent API call succeeded, the return value from
-** sqlite3_errcode() is undefined.  ^The sqlite3_extended_errcode()
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** ^If the most recent sqlite3_* API call associated with 
+** [database connection] D failed, then the sqlite3_errcode(D) interface
+** returns the numeric [result code] or [extended result code] for that
+** API call.
+** If the most recent API call was successful,
+** then the return value from sqlite3_errcode() is undefined.
+** ^The sqlite3_extended_errcode()
 ** interface is the same except that it always returns the 
 ** [extended result code] even when extended result codes are
 ** disabled.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_errmsg() and sqlite3_errmsg16() return English-language
 ** text that describes the error, as either UTF-8 or UTF-16 respectively.
 ** ^(Memory to hold the error message string is managed internally.
 ** The application does not need to worry about freeing the result.
@@ -3386,50 +3306,51 @@ SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_uri_int
 ** by invoking [sqlite3_mutex_enter]([sqlite3_db_mutex](D)) before beginning
 ** to use D and invoking [sqlite3_mutex_leave]([sqlite3_db_mutex](D)) after
 ** all calls to the interfaces listed here are completed.
 **
 ** If an interface fails with SQLITE_MISUSE, that means the interface
 ** was invoked incorrectly by the application.  In that case, the
 ** error code and message may or may not be set.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_errcode(sqlite3 *db);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_extended_errcode(sqlite3 *db);
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_errmsg(sqlite3*);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_errmsg16(sqlite3*);
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_errstr(int);
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: SQL Statement Object
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_errcode(sqlite3 *db);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_extended_errcode(sqlite3 *db);
+SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_errmsg(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_errmsg16(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_errstr(int);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Object
 ** KEYWORDS: {prepared statement} {prepared statements}
 **
-** An instance of this object represents a single SQL statement.
-** This object is variously known as a "prepared statement" or a
-** "compiled SQL statement" or simply as a "statement".
-**
-** The life of a statement object goes something like this:
+** An instance of this object represents a single SQL statement that
+** has been compiled into binary form and is ready to be evaluated.
+**
+** Think of each SQL statement as a separate computer program.  The
+** original SQL text is source code.  A prepared statement object 
+** is the compiled object code.  All SQL must be converted into a
+** prepared statement before it can be run.
+**
+** The life-cycle of a prepared statement object usually goes like this:
 **
 ** <ol>
-** <li> Create the object using [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or a related
-**      function.
-** <li> Bind values to [host parameters] using the sqlite3_bind_*()
+** <li> Create the prepared statement object using [sqlite3_prepare_v2()].
+** <li> Bind values to [parameters] using the sqlite3_bind_*()
 **      interfaces.
 ** <li> Run the SQL by calling [sqlite3_step()] one or more times.
-** <li> Reset the statement using [sqlite3_reset()] then go back
+** <li> Reset the prepared statement using [sqlite3_reset()] then go back
 **      to step 2.  Do this zero or more times.
 ** <li> Destroy the object using [sqlite3_finalize()].
 ** </ol>
-**
-** Refer to documentation on individual methods above for additional
-** information.
 */
 typedef struct sqlite3_stmt sqlite3_stmt;
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Run-time Limits
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^(This interface allows the size of various constructs to be limited
 ** on a connection by connection basis.  The first parameter is the
 ** [database connection] whose limit is to be set or queried.  The
 ** second parameter is one of the [limit categories] that define a
 ** class of constructs to be size limited.  The third parameter is the
 ** new limit for that construct.)^
 **
@@ -3457,17 +3378,17 @@ typedef struct sqlite3_stmt sqlite3_stmt
 ** be given much smaller limits designed to prevent a denial of service
 ** attack.  Developers might also want to use the [sqlite3_set_authorizer()]
 ** interface to further control untrusted SQL.  The size of the database
 ** created by an untrusted script can be contained using the
 ** [max_page_count] [PRAGMA].
 **
 ** New run-time limit categories may be added in future releases.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_limit(sqlite3*, int id, int newVal);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_limit(sqlite3*, int id, int newVal);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Limit Categories
 ** KEYWORDS: {limit category} {*limit categories}
 **
 ** These constants define various performance limits
 ** that can be lowered at run-time using [sqlite3_limit()].
 ** The synopsis of the meanings of the various limits is shown below.
@@ -3509,56 +3430,61 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_limit(sqlite3*, i
 ** [GLOB] operators.</dd>)^
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER]]
 ** ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER</dt>
 ** <dd>The maximum index number of any [parameter] in an SQL statement.)^
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH</dt>
 ** <dd>The maximum depth of recursion for triggers.</dd>)^
+**
+** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS</dt>
+** <dd>The maximum number of auxiliary worker threads that a single
+** [prepared statement] may start.</dd>)^
 ** </dl>
 */
 #define SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH                    0
 #define SQLITE_LIMIT_SQL_LENGTH                1
 #define SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN                    2
 #define SQLITE_LIMIT_EXPR_DEPTH                3
 #define SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT           4
 #define SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP                   5
 #define SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG              6
 #define SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED                  7
 #define SQLITE_LIMIT_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH       8
 #define SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER           9
 #define SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH            10
+#define SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS           11
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Compiling An SQL Statement
 ** KEYWORDS: {SQL statement compiler}
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** To execute an SQL query, it must first be compiled into a byte-code
 ** program using one of these routines.
 **
 ** The first argument, "db", is a [database connection] obtained from a
 ** prior successful call to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()] or
 ** [sqlite3_open16()].  The database connection must not have been closed.
 **
 ** The second argument, "zSql", is the statement to be compiled, encoded
 ** as either UTF-8 or UTF-16.  The sqlite3_prepare() and sqlite3_prepare_v2()
 ** interfaces use UTF-8, and sqlite3_prepare16() and sqlite3_prepare16_v2()
 ** use UTF-16.
 **
-** ^If the nByte argument is less than zero, then zSql is read up to the
-** first zero terminator. ^If nByte is non-negative, then it is the maximum
-** number of  bytes read from zSql.  ^When nByte is non-negative, the
-** zSql string ends at either the first '\000' or '\u0000' character or
-** the nByte-th byte, whichever comes first. If the caller knows
-** that the supplied string is nul-terminated, then there is a small
-** performance advantage to be gained by passing an nByte parameter that
-** is equal to the number of bytes in the input string <i>including</i>
-** the nul-terminator bytes as this saves SQLite from having to
-** make a copy of the input string.
+** ^If the nByte argument is negative, then zSql is read up to the
+** first zero terminator. ^If nByte is positive, then it is the
+** number of bytes read from zSql.  ^If nByte is zero, then no prepared
+** statement is generated.
+** If the caller knows that the supplied string is nul-terminated, then
+** there is a small performance advantage to passing an nByte parameter that
+** is the number of bytes in the input string <i>including</i>
+** the nul-terminator.
 **
 ** ^If pzTail is not NULL then *pzTail is made to point to the first byte
 ** past the end of the first SQL statement in zSql.  These routines only
 ** compile the first statement in zSql, so *pzTail is left pointing to
 ** what remains uncompiled.
 **
 ** ^*ppStmt is left pointing to a compiled [prepared statement] that can be
 ** executed using [sqlite3_step()].  ^If there is an error, *ppStmt is set
@@ -3578,17 +3504,18 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_limit(sqlite3*, i
 ** that is returned (the [sqlite3_stmt] object) contains a copy of the
 ** original SQL text. This causes the [sqlite3_step()] interface to
 ** behave differently in three ways:
 **
 ** <ol>
 ** <li>
 ** ^If the database schema changes, instead of returning [SQLITE_SCHEMA] as it
 ** always used to do, [sqlite3_step()] will automatically recompile the SQL
-** statement and try to run it again.
+** statement and try to run it again. As many as [SQLITE_MAX_SCHEMA_RETRY]
+** retries will occur before sqlite3_step() gives up and returns an error.
 ** </li>
 **
 ** <li>
 ** ^When an error occurs, [sqlite3_step()] will return one of the detailed
 ** [error codes] or [extended error codes].  ^The legacy behavior was that
 ** [sqlite3_step()] would only return a generic [SQLITE_ERROR] result code
 ** and the application would have to make a second call to [sqlite3_reset()]
 ** in order to find the underlying cause of the problem. With the "v2" prepare
@@ -3600,60 +3527,61 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_limit(sqlite3*, i
 ** WHERE clause might influence the choice of query plan for a statement,
 ** then the statement will be automatically recompiled, as if there had been 
 ** a schema change, on the first  [sqlite3_step()] call following any change
 ** to the [sqlite3_bind_text | bindings] of that [parameter]. 
 ** ^The specific value of WHERE-clause [parameter] might influence the 
 ** choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a [LIKE]
 ** or [GLOB] operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column
 ** and the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3] compile-time option is enabled.
-** the 
 ** </li>
 ** </ol>
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_prepare(
   sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
   const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
   int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
   sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
   const char **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
 );
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare_v2(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_prepare_v2(
   sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
   const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
   int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
   sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
   const char **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
 );
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare16(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_prepare16(
   sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
   const void *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
   int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
   sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
   const void **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
 );
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare16_v2(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_prepare16_v2(
   sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
   const void *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
   int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
   sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
   const void **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
 );
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Retrieving Statement SQL
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^This interface can be used to retrieve a saved copy of the original
 ** SQL text used to create a [prepared statement] if that statement was
 ** compiled using either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
 */
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sql(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
+SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_sql(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Determine If An SQL Statement Writes The Database
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_stmt_readonly(X) interface returns true (non-zero) if
 ** and only if the [prepared statement] X makes no direct changes to
 ** the content of the database file.
 **
 ** Note that [application-defined SQL functions] or
 ** [virtual tables] might change the database indirectly as a side effect.  
 ** ^(For example, if an application defines a function "eval()" that 
@@ -3671,51 +3599,55 @@ SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sql(sqlit
 ** [SAVEPOINT], and [RELEASE] cause sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true,
 ** since the statements themselves do not actually modify the database but
 ** rather they control the timing of when other statements modify the 
 ** database.  ^The [ATTACH] and [DETACH] statements also cause
 ** sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true since, while those statements
 ** change the configuration of a database connection, they do not make 
 ** changes to the content of the database files on disk.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_readonly(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_stmt_readonly(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Determine If A Prepared Statement Has Been Reset
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_stmt_busy(S) interface returns true (non-zero) if the
 ** [prepared statement] S has been stepped at least once using 
-** [sqlite3_step(S)] but has not run to completion and/or has not 
+** [sqlite3_step(S)] but has neither run to completion (returned
+** [SQLITE_DONE] from [sqlite3_step(S)]) nor
 ** been reset using [sqlite3_reset(S)].  ^The sqlite3_stmt_busy(S)
 ** interface returns false if S is a NULL pointer.  If S is not a 
 ** NULL pointer and is not a pointer to a valid [prepared statement]
 ** object, then the behavior is undefined and probably undesirable.
 **
 ** This interface can be used in combination [sqlite3_next_stmt()]
 ** to locate all prepared statements associated with a database 
 ** connection that are in need of being reset.  This can be used,
 ** for example, in diagnostic routines to search for prepared 
 ** statements that are holding a transaction open.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_busy(sqlite3_stmt*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_stmt_busy(sqlite3_stmt*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Dynamically Typed Value Object
 ** KEYWORDS: {protected sqlite3_value} {unprotected sqlite3_value}
 **
 ** SQLite uses the sqlite3_value object to represent all values
 ** that can be stored in a database table. SQLite uses dynamic typing
 ** for the values it stores.  ^Values stored in sqlite3_value objects
 ** can be integers, floating point values, strings, BLOBs, or NULL.
 **
 ** An sqlite3_value object may be either "protected" or "unprotected".
 ** Some interfaces require a protected sqlite3_value.  Other interfaces
 ** will accept either a protected or an unprotected sqlite3_value.
 ** Every interface that accepts sqlite3_value arguments specifies
-** whether or not it requires a protected sqlite3_value.
+** whether or not it requires a protected sqlite3_value.  The
+** [sqlite3_value_dup()] interface can be used to construct a new 
+** protected sqlite3_value from an unprotected sqlite3_value.
 **
 ** The terms "protected" and "unprotected" refer to whether or not
 ** a mutex is held.  An internal mutex is held for a protected
 ** sqlite3_value object but no mutex is held for an unprotected
 ** sqlite3_value object.  If SQLite is compiled to be single-threaded
 ** (with [SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] and with [sqlite3_threadsafe()] returning 0)
 ** or if SQLite is run in one of reduced mutex modes 
 ** [SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD] or [SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD]
@@ -3749,16 +3681,17 @@ typedef struct Mem sqlite3_value;
 ** and/or [sqlite3_set_auxdata()].
 */
 typedef struct sqlite3_context sqlite3_context;
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Binding Values To Prepared Statements
 ** KEYWORDS: {host parameter} {host parameters} {host parameter name}
 ** KEYWORDS: {SQL parameter} {SQL parameters} {parameter binding}
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^(In the SQL statement text input to [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and its variants,
 ** literals may be replaced by a [parameter] that matches one of following
 ** templates:
 **
 ** <ul>
 ** <li>  ?
 ** <li>  ?NNN
@@ -3782,45 +3715,56 @@ typedef struct sqlite3_context sqlite3_c
 ** occurrences have the same index as the first occurrence.
 ** ^The index for named parameters can be looked up using the
 ** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()] API if desired.  ^The index
 ** for "?NNN" parameters is the value of NNN.
 ** ^The NNN value must be between 1 and the [sqlite3_limit()]
 ** parameter [SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] (default value: 999).
 **
 ** ^The third argument is the value to bind to the parameter.
+** ^If the third parameter to sqlite3_bind_text() or sqlite3_bind_text16()
+** or sqlite3_bind_blob() is a NULL pointer then the fourth parameter
+** is ignored and the end result is the same as sqlite3_bind_null().
 **
 ** ^(In those routines that have a fourth argument, its value is the
 ** number of bytes in the parameter.  To be clear: the value is the
 ** number of <u>bytes</u> in the value, not the number of characters.)^
 ** ^If the fourth parameter to sqlite3_bind_text() or sqlite3_bind_text16()
 ** is negative, then the length of the string is
 ** the number of bytes up to the first zero terminator.
 ** If the fourth parameter to sqlite3_bind_blob() is negative, then
 ** the behavior is undefined.
 ** If a non-negative fourth parameter is provided to sqlite3_bind_text()
-** or sqlite3_bind_text16() then that parameter must be the byte offset
+** or sqlite3_bind_text16() or sqlite3_bind_text64() then
+** that parameter must be the byte offset
 ** where the NUL terminator would occur assuming the string were NUL
 ** terminated.  If any NUL characters occur at byte offsets less than 
 ** the value of the fourth parameter then the resulting string value will
 ** contain embedded NULs.  The result of expressions involving strings
 ** with embedded NULs is undefined.
 **
-** ^The fifth argument to sqlite3_bind_blob(), sqlite3_bind_text(), and
-** sqlite3_bind_text16() is a destructor used to dispose of the BLOB or
+** ^The fifth argument to the BLOB and string binding interfaces
+** is a destructor used to dispose of the BLOB or
 ** string after SQLite has finished with it.  ^The destructor is called
-** to dispose of the BLOB or string even if the call to sqlite3_bind_blob(),
-** sqlite3_bind_text(), or sqlite3_bind_text16() fails.  
+** to dispose of the BLOB or string even if the call to bind API fails.
 ** ^If the fifth argument is
 ** the special value [SQLITE_STATIC], then SQLite assumes that the
 ** information is in static, unmanaged space and does not need to be freed.
 ** ^If the fifth argument has the value [SQLITE_TRANSIENT], then
 ** SQLite makes its own private copy of the data immediately, before
 ** the sqlite3_bind_*() routine returns.
 **
+** ^The sixth argument to sqlite3_bind_text64() must be one of
+** [SQLITE_UTF8], [SQLITE_UTF16], [SQLITE_UTF16BE], or [SQLITE_UTF16LE]
+** to specify the encoding of the text in the third parameter.  If
+** the sixth argument to sqlite3_bind_text64() is not one of the
+** allowed values shown above, or if the text encoding is different
+** from the encoding specified by the sixth parameter, then the behavior
+** is undefined.
+**
 ** ^The sqlite3_bind_zeroblob() routine binds a BLOB of length N that
 ** is filled with zeroes.  ^A zeroblob uses a fixed amount of memory
 ** (just an integer to hold its size) while it is being processed.
 ** Zeroblobs are intended to serve as placeholders for BLOBs whose
 ** content is later written using
 ** [sqlite3_blob_open | incremental BLOB I/O] routines.
 ** ^A negative value for the zeroblob results in a zero-length BLOB.
 **
@@ -3831,54 +3775,64 @@ typedef struct sqlite3_context sqlite3_c
 ** routine is passed a [prepared statement] that has been finalized, the
 ** result is undefined and probably harmful.
 **
 ** ^Bindings are not cleared by the [sqlite3_reset()] routine.
 ** ^Unbound parameters are interpreted as NULL.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_bind_* routines return [SQLITE_OK] on success or an
 ** [error code] if anything goes wrong.
+** ^[SQLITE_TOOBIG] might be returned if the size of a string or BLOB
+** exceeds limits imposed by [sqlite3_limit]([SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH]) or
+** [SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH].
 ** ^[SQLITE_RANGE] is returned if the parameter
 ** index is out of range.  ^[SQLITE_NOMEM] is returned if malloc() fails.
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()],
 ** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()], and [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int n, void(*)(void*));
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int, double);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_int64);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_null(sqlite3_stmt*, int);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const char*, int n, void(*)(void*));
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_zeroblob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int n);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int n, void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_blob64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, sqlite3_uint64,
+                        void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int, double);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_int64);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_null(sqlite3_stmt*, int);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_text(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const char*,int,void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_text64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const char*, sqlite3_uint64,
+                         void(*)(void*), unsigned char encoding);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_zeroblob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int n);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_zeroblob64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_uint64);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Number Of SQL Parameters
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^This routine can be used to find the number of [SQL parameters]
 ** in a [prepared statement].  SQL parameters are tokens of the
 ** form "?", "?NNN", ":AAA", "$AAA", or "@AAA" that serve as
 ** placeholders for values that are [sqlite3_bind_blob | bound]
 ** to the parameters at a later time.
 **
 ** ^(This routine actually returns the index of the largest (rightmost)
 ** parameter. For all forms except ?NNN, this will correspond to the
 ** number of unique parameters.  If parameters of the ?NNN form are used,
 ** there may be gaps in the list.)^
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
 ** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()], and
 ** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_parameter_count(sqlite3_stmt*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_parameter_count(sqlite3_stmt*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Name Of A Host Parameter
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(P,N) interface returns
 ** the name of the N-th [SQL parameter] in the [prepared statement] P.
 ** ^(SQL parameters of the form "?NNN" or ":AAA" or "@AAA" or "$AAA"
 ** have a name which is the string "?NNN" or ":AAA" or "@AAA" or "$AAA"
 ** respectively.
 ** In other words, the initial ":" or "$" or "@" or "?"
 ** is included as part of the name.)^
@@ -3892,56 +3846,60 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_parameter_co
 ** always in UTF-8 encoding even if the named parameter was
 ** originally specified as UTF-16 in [sqlite3_prepare16()] or
 ** [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
 ** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
 ** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
 */
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int);
+SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Index Of A Parameter With A Given Name
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^Return the index of an SQL parameter given its name.  ^The
 ** index value returned is suitable for use as the second
 ** parameter to [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()].  ^A zero
 ** is returned if no matching parameter is found.  ^The parameter
 ** name must be given in UTF-8 even if the original statement
 ** was prepared from UTF-16 text using [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
 ** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
-** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_parameter_index(sqlite3_stmt*, const char *zName);
+** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()].
+*/
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_bind_parameter_index(sqlite3_stmt*, const char *zName);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Reset All Bindings On A Prepared Statement
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^Contrary to the intuition of many, [sqlite3_reset()] does not reset
 ** the [sqlite3_bind_blob | bindings] on a [prepared statement].
 ** ^Use this routine to reset all host parameters to NULL.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_clear_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_clear_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Number Of Columns In A Result Set
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^Return the number of columns in the result set returned by the
 ** [prepared statement]. ^This routine returns 0 if pStmt is an SQL
 ** statement that does not return data (for example an [UPDATE]).
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_data_count()]
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Column Names In A Result Set
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^These routines return the name assigned to a particular column
 ** in the result set of a [SELECT] statement.  ^The sqlite3_column_name()
 ** interface returns a pointer to a zero-terminated UTF-8 string
 ** and sqlite3_column_name16() returns a pointer to a zero-terminated
 ** UTF-16 string.  ^The first parameter is the [prepared statement]
 ** that implements the [SELECT] statement. ^The second parameter is the
 ** column number.  ^The leftmost column is number 0.
@@ -3956,21 +3914,22 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_count(sqli
 ** (for example during a conversion from UTF-8 to UTF-16) then a
 ** NULL pointer is returned.
 **
 ** ^The name of a result column is the value of the "AS" clause for
 ** that column, if there is an AS clause.  If there is no AS clause
 ** then the name of the column is unspecified and may change from
 ** one release of SQLite to the next.
 */
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int N);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_name16(sqlite3_stmt*, int N);
+SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int N);
+SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_name16(sqlite3_stmt*, int N);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Source Of Data In A Query Result
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^These routines provide a means to determine the database, table, and
 ** table column that is the origin of a particular result column in
 ** [SELECT] statement.
 ** ^The name of the database or table or column can be returned as
 ** either a UTF-8 or UTF-16 string.  ^The _database_ routines return
 ** the database name, the _table_ routines return the table name, and
 ** the origin_ routines return the column name.
@@ -4004,25 +3963,26 @@ SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_na
 ** prepared statement and column at the same time then the results are
 ** undefined.
 **
 ** If two or more threads call one or more
 ** [sqlite3_column_database_name | column metadata interfaces]
 ** for the same [prepared statement] and result column
 ** at the same time then the results are undefined.
 */
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_database_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_database_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_table_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_table_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_origin_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_origin_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
+SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_database_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
+SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_database_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
+SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_table_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
+SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_table_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
+SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_origin_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
+SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_origin_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Declared Datatype Of A Query Result
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^(The first parameter is a [prepared statement].
 ** If this statement is a [SELECT] statement and the Nth column of the
 ** returned result set of that [SELECT] is a table column (not an
 ** expression or subquery) then the declared type of the table
 ** column is returned.)^  ^If the Nth column of the result set is an
 ** expression or subquery, then a NULL pointer is returned.
 ** ^The returned string is always UTF-8 encoded.
@@ -4040,21 +4000,22 @@ SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_or
 **
 ** ^SQLite uses dynamic run-time typing.  ^So just because a column
 ** is declared to contain a particular type does not mean that the
 ** data stored in that column is of the declared type.  SQLite is
 ** strongly typed, but the typing is dynamic not static.  ^Type
 ** is associated with individual values, not with the containers
 ** used to hold those values.
 */
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_decltype(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_decltype16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
+SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_decltype(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
+SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_decltype16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Evaluate An SQL Statement
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** After a [prepared statement] has been prepared using either
 ** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or one of the legacy
 ** interfaces [sqlite3_prepare()] or [sqlite3_prepare16()], this function
 ** must be called one or more times to evaluate the statement.
 **
 ** The details of the behavior of the sqlite3_step() interface depend
 ** on whether the statement was prepared using the newer "v2" interface
@@ -4120,37 +4081,38 @@ SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_de
 ** specific [error codes] that better describes the error.
 ** We admit that this is a goofy design.  The problem has been fixed
 ** with the "v2" interface.  If you prepare all of your SQL statements
 ** using either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] instead
 ** of the legacy [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()] interfaces,
 ** then the more specific [error codes] are returned directly
 ** by sqlite3_step().  The use of the "v2" interface is recommended.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_step(sqlite3_stmt*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_step(sqlite3_stmt*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Number of columns in a result set
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) interface returns the number of columns in the
 ** current row of the result set of [prepared statement] P.
 ** ^If prepared statement P does not have results ready to return
 ** (via calls to the [sqlite3_column_int | sqlite3_column_*()] of
 ** interfaces) then sqlite3_data_count(P) returns 0.
 ** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) routine also returns 0 if P is a NULL pointer.
 ** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) routine returns 0 if the previous call to
 ** [sqlite3_step](P) returned [SQLITE_DONE].  ^The sqlite3_data_count(P)
 ** will return non-zero if previous call to [sqlite3_step](P) returned
 ** [SQLITE_ROW], except in the case of the [PRAGMA incremental_vacuum]
 ** where it always returns zero since each step of that multi-step
 ** pragma returns 0 columns of data.
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_column_count()]
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Fundamental Datatypes
 ** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_TEXT
 **
 ** ^(Every value in SQLite has one of five fundamental datatypes:
 **
 ** <ul>
@@ -4177,18 +4139,17 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite
 #else
 # define SQLITE_TEXT     3
 #endif
 #define SQLITE3_TEXT     3
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Result Values From A Query
 ** KEYWORDS: {column access functions}
-**
-** These routines form the "result set" interface.
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^These routines return information about a single column of the current
 ** result row of a query.  ^In every case the first argument is a pointer
 ** to the [prepared statement] that is being evaluated (the [sqlite3_stmt*]
 ** that was returned from [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or one of its variants)
 ** and the second argument is the index of the column for which information
 ** should be returned. ^The leftmost column of the result set has the index 0.
 ** ^The number of columns in the result can be determined using
@@ -4239,59 +4200,54 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite
 ** of the string.  ^For clarity: the values returned by
 ** [sqlite3_column_bytes()] and [sqlite3_column_bytes16()] are the number of
 ** bytes in the string, not the number of characters.
 **
 ** ^Strings returned by sqlite3_column_text() and sqlite3_column_text16(),
 ** even empty strings, are always zero-terminated.  ^The return
 ** value from sqlite3_column_blob() for a zero-length BLOB is a NULL pointer.
 **
-** ^The object returned by [sqlite3_column_value()] is an
-** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object.  An unprotected sqlite3_value object
-** may only be used with [sqlite3_bind_value()] and [sqlite3_result_value()].
+** <b>Warning:</b> ^The object returned by [sqlite3_column_value()] is an
+** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object.  In a multithreaded environment,
+** an unprotected sqlite3_value object may only be used safely with
+** [sqlite3_bind_value()] and [sqlite3_result_value()].
 ** If the [unprotected sqlite3_value] object returned by
 ** [sqlite3_column_value()] is used in any other way, including calls
 ** to routines like [sqlite3_value_int()], [sqlite3_value_text()],
-** or [sqlite3_value_bytes()], then the behavior is undefined.
+** or [sqlite3_value_bytes()], the behavior is not threadsafe.
 **
 ** These routines attempt to convert the value where appropriate.  ^For
 ** example, if the internal representation is FLOAT and a text result
 ** is requested, [sqlite3_snprintf()] is used internally to perform the
 ** conversion automatically.  ^(The following table details the conversions
 ** that are applied:
 **
 ** <blockquote>
 ** <table border="1">
 ** <tr><th> Internal<br>Type <th> Requested<br>Type <th>  Conversion
 **
 ** <tr><td>  NULL    <td> INTEGER   <td> Result is 0
 ** <tr><td>  NULL    <td>  FLOAT    <td> Result is 0.0
-** <tr><td>  NULL    <td>   TEXT    <td> Result is NULL pointer
-** <tr><td>  NULL    <td>   BLOB    <td> Result is NULL pointer
+** <tr><td>  NULL    <td>   TEXT    <td> Result is a NULL pointer
+** <tr><td>  NULL    <td>   BLOB    <td> Result is a NULL pointer
 ** <tr><td> INTEGER  <td>  FLOAT    <td> Convert from integer to float
 ** <tr><td> INTEGER  <td>   TEXT    <td> ASCII rendering of the integer
 ** <tr><td> INTEGER  <td>   BLOB    <td> Same as INTEGER->TEXT
-** <tr><td>  FLOAT   <td> INTEGER   <td> Convert from float to integer
+** <tr><td>  FLOAT   <td> INTEGER   <td> [CAST] to INTEGER
 ** <tr><td>  FLOAT   <td>   TEXT    <td> ASCII rendering of the float
-** <tr><td>  FLOAT   <td>   BLOB    <td> Same as FLOAT->TEXT
-** <tr><td>  TEXT    <td> INTEGER   <td> Use atoi()
-** <tr><td>  TEXT    <td>  FLOAT    <td> Use atof()
+** <tr><td>  FLOAT   <td>   BLOB    <td> [CAST] to BLOB
+** <tr><td>  TEXT    <td> INTEGER   <td> [CAST] to INTEGER
+** <tr><td>  TEXT    <td>  FLOAT    <td> [CAST] to REAL
 ** <tr><td>  TEXT    <td>   BLOB    <td> No change
-** <tr><td>  BLOB    <td> INTEGER   <td> Convert to TEXT then use atoi()
-** <tr><td>  BLOB    <td>  FLOAT    <td> Convert to TEXT then use atof()
+** <tr><td>  BLOB    <td> INTEGER   <td> [CAST] to INTEGER
+** <tr><td>  BLOB    <td>  FLOAT    <td> [CAST] to REAL
 ** <tr><td>  BLOB    <td>   TEXT    <td> Add a zero terminator if needed
 ** </table>
 ** </blockquote>)^
 **
-** The table above makes reference to standard C library functions atoi()
-** and atof().  SQLite does not really use these functions.  It has its
-** own equivalent internal routines.  The atoi() and atof() names are
-** used in the table for brevity and because they are familiar to most
-** C programmers.
-**
 ** Note that when type conversions occur, pointers returned by prior
 ** calls to sqlite3_column_blob(), sqlite3_column_text(), and/or
 ** sqlite3_column_text16() may be invalidated.
 ** Type conversions and pointer invalidations might occur
 ** in the following cases:
 **
 ** <ul>
 ** <li> The initial content is a BLOB and sqlite3_column_text() or
@@ -4306,17 +4262,17 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite
 ** </ul>
 **
 ** ^Conversions between UTF-16be and UTF-16le are always done in place and do
 ** not invalidate a prior pointer, though of course the content of the buffer
 ** that the prior pointer references will have been modified.  Other kinds
 ** of conversion are done in place when it is possible, but sometimes they
 ** are not possible and in those cases prior pointers are invalidated.
 **
-** The safest and easiest to remember policy is to invoke these routines
+** The safest policy is to invoke these routines
 ** in one of the following ways:
 **
 ** <ul>
 **  <li>sqlite3_column_text() followed by sqlite3_column_bytes()</li>
 **  <li>sqlite3_column_blob() followed by sqlite3_column_bytes()</li>
 **  <li>sqlite3_column_text16() followed by sqlite3_column_bytes16()</li>
 ** </ul>
 **
@@ -4326,39 +4282,40 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite
 ** sqlite3_column_bytes16() to find the size of the result.  Do not mix calls
 ** to sqlite3_column_text() or sqlite3_column_blob() with calls to
 ** sqlite3_column_bytes16(), and do not mix calls to sqlite3_column_text16()
 ** with calls to sqlite3_column_bytes().
 **
 ** ^The pointers returned are valid until a type conversion occurs as
 ** described above, or until [sqlite3_step()] or [sqlite3_reset()] or
 ** [sqlite3_finalize()] is called.  ^The memory space used to hold strings
-** and BLOBs is freed automatically.  Do <b>not</b> pass the pointers returned
-** [sqlite3_column_blob()], [sqlite3_column_text()], etc. into
+** and BLOBs is freed automatically.  Do <em>not</em> pass the pointers returned
+** from [sqlite3_column_blob()], [sqlite3_column_text()], etc. into
 ** [sqlite3_free()].
 **
 ** ^(If a memory allocation error occurs during the evaluation of any
 ** of these routines, a default value is returned.  The default value
 ** is either the integer 0, the floating point number 0.0, or a NULL
 ** pointer.  Subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode()] will return
 ** [SQLITE_NOMEM].)^
 */
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API double sqlite3_column_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_column_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API const unsigned char *sqlite3_column_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_type(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_value *sqlite3_column_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_bytes(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_bytes16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API double SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API const unsigned char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_type(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_value *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_column_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Destroy A Prepared Statement Object
+** DESTRUCTOR: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_finalize() function is called to delete a [prepared statement].
 ** ^If the most recent evaluation of the statement encountered no errors
 ** or if the statement is never been evaluated, then sqlite3_finalize() returns
 ** SQLITE_OK.  ^If the most recent evaluation of statement S failed, then
 ** sqlite3_finalize(S) returns the appropriate [error code] or
 ** [extended error code].
 **
@@ -4372,20 +4329,21 @@ SQLITE_API sqlite3_value *sqlite3_column
 ** ^Invoking sqlite3_finalize() on a NULL pointer is a harmless no-op.
 **
 ** The application must finalize every [prepared statement] in order to avoid
 ** resource leaks.  It is a grievous error for the application to try to use
 ** a prepared statement after it has been finalized.  Any use of a prepared
 ** statement after it has been finalized can result in undefined and
 ** undesirable behavior such as segfaults and heap corruption.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_finalize(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_finalize(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Reset A Prepared Statement Object
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** The sqlite3_reset() function is called to reset a [prepared statement]
 ** object back to its initial state, ready to be re-executed.
 ** ^Any SQL statement variables that had values bound to them using
 ** the [sqlite3_bind_blob | sqlite3_bind_*() API] retain their values.
 ** Use [sqlite3_clear_bindings()] to reset the bindings.
 **
 ** ^The [sqlite3_reset(S)] interface resets the [prepared statement] S
@@ -4398,23 +4356,24 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_finalize(sqlite3_
 **
 ** ^If the most recent call to [sqlite3_step(S)] for the
 ** [prepared statement] S indicated an error, then
 ** [sqlite3_reset(S)] returns an appropriate [error code].
 **
 ** ^The [sqlite3_reset(S)] interface does not change the values
 ** of any [sqlite3_bind_blob|bindings] on the [prepared statement] S.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_reset(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_reset(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Create Or Redefine SQL Functions
 ** KEYWORDS: {function creation routines}
 ** KEYWORDS: {application-defined SQL function}
 ** KEYWORDS: {application-defined SQL functions}
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^These functions (collectively known as "function creation routines")
 ** are used to add SQL functions or aggregates or to redefine the behavior
 ** of existing SQL functions or aggregates.  The only differences between
 ** these routines are the text encoding expected for
 ** the second parameter (the name of the function being created)
 ** and the presence or absence of a destructor callback for
 ** the application data pointer.
@@ -4436,25 +4395,34 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_reset(sqlite3_stm
 ** aggregate takes. ^If this parameter is -1, then the SQL function or
 ** aggregate may take any number of arguments between 0 and the limit
 ** set by [sqlite3_limit]([SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG]).  If the third
 ** parameter is less than -1 or greater than 127 then the behavior is
 ** undefined.
 **
 ** ^The fourth parameter, eTextRep, specifies what
 ** [SQLITE_UTF8 | text encoding] this SQL function prefers for
-** its parameters.  Every SQL function implementation must be able to work
-** with UTF-8, UTF-16le, or UTF-16be.  But some implementations may be
-** more efficient with one encoding than another.  ^An application may
-** invoke sqlite3_create_function() or sqlite3_create_function16() multiple
-** times with the same function but with different values of eTextRep.
+** its parameters.  The application should set this parameter to
+** [SQLITE_UTF16LE] if the function implementation invokes 
+** [sqlite3_value_text16le()] on an input, or [SQLITE_UTF16BE] if the
+** implementation invokes [sqlite3_value_text16be()] on an input, or
+** [SQLITE_UTF16] if [sqlite3_value_text16()] is used, or [SQLITE_UTF8]
+** otherwise.  ^The same SQL function may be registered multiple times using
+** different preferred text encodings, with different implementations for
+** each encoding.
 ** ^When multiple implementations of the same function are available, SQLite
 ** will pick the one that involves the least amount of data conversion.
-** If there is only a single implementation which does not care what text
-** encoding is used, then the fourth argument should be [SQLITE_ANY].
+**
+** ^The fourth parameter may optionally be ORed with [SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC]
+** to signal that the function will always return the same result given
+** the same inputs within a single SQL statement.  Most SQL functions are
+** deterministic.  The built-in [random()] SQL function is an example of a
+** function that is not deterministic.  The SQLite query planner is able to
+** perform additional optimizations on deterministic functions, so use
+** of the [SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC] flag is recommended where possible.
 **
 ** ^(The fifth parameter is an arbitrary pointer.  The implementation of the
 ** function can gain access to this pointer using [sqlite3_user_data()].)^
 **
 ** ^The sixth, seventh and eighth parameters, xFunc, xStep and xFinal, are
 ** pointers to C-language functions that implement the SQL function or
 ** aggregate. ^A scalar SQL function requires an implementation of the xFunc
 ** callback only; NULL pointers must be passed as the xStep and xFinal
@@ -4488,37 +4456,37 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_reset(sqlite3_stm
 **
 ** ^Built-in functions may be overloaded by new application-defined functions.
 **
 ** ^An application-defined function is permitted to call other
 ** SQLite interfaces.  However, such calls must not
 ** close the database connection nor finalize or reset the prepared
 ** statement in which the function is running.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_function(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_create_function(
   sqlite3 *db,
   const char *zFunctionName,
   int nArg,
   int eTextRep,
   void *pApp,
   void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
   void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
   void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*)
 );
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_function16(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_create_function16(
   sqlite3 *db,
   const void *zFunctionName,
   int nArg,
   int eTextRep,
   void *pApp,
   void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
   void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
   void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*)
 );
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_function_v2(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_create_function_v2(
   sqlite3 *db,
   const char *zFunctionName,
   int nArg,
   int eTextRep,
   void *pApp,
   void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
   void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
   void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*),
@@ -4526,63 +4494,75 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_function_v
 );
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Text Encodings
 **
 ** These constant define integer codes that represent the various
 ** text encodings supported by SQLite.
 */
-#define SQLITE_UTF8           1
-#define SQLITE_UTF16LE        2
-#define SQLITE_UTF16BE        3
+#define SQLITE_UTF8           1    /* IMP: R-37514-35566 */
+#define SQLITE_UTF16LE        2    /* IMP: R-03371-37637 */
+#define SQLITE_UTF16BE        3    /* IMP: R-51971-34154 */
 #define SQLITE_UTF16          4    /* Use native byte order */
-#define SQLITE_ANY            5    /* sqlite3_create_function only */
+#define SQLITE_ANY            5    /* Deprecated */
 #define SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED  8    /* sqlite3_create_collation only */
 
 /*
+** CAPI3REF: Function Flags
+**
+** These constants may be ORed together with the 
+** [SQLITE_UTF8 | preferred text encoding] as the fourth argument
+** to [sqlite3_create_function()], [sqlite3_create_function16()], or
+** [sqlite3_create_function_v2()].
+*/
+#define SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC    0x800
+
+/*
 ** CAPI3REF: Deprecated Functions
 ** DEPRECATED
 **
 ** These functions are [deprecated].  In order to maintain
 ** backwards compatibility with older code, these functions continue 
 ** to be supported.  However, new applications should avoid
-** the use of these functions.  To help encourage people to avoid
-** using these functions, we are not going to tell you what they do.
+** the use of these functions.  To encourage programmers to avoid
+** these functions, we will not explain what they do.
 */
 #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_aggregate_count(sqlite3_context*);
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_expired(sqlite3_stmt*);
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_transfer_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*, sqlite3_stmt*);
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_global_recover(void);
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void sqlite3_thread_cleanup(void);
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_memory_alarm(void(*)(void*,sqlite3_int64,int),void*,sqlite3_int64);
-#endif
-
-/*
-** CAPI3REF: Obtaining SQL Function Parameter Values
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_aggregate_count(sqlite3_context*);
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_expired(sqlite3_stmt*);
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_transfer_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*, sqlite3_stmt*);
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_global_recover(void);
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_thread_cleanup(void);
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_memory_alarm(void(*)(void*,sqlite3_int64,int),
+                      void*,sqlite3_int64);
+#endif
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Obtaining SQL Values
+** METHOD: sqlite3_value
 **
 ** The C-language implementation of SQL functions and aggregates uses
 ** this set of interface routines to access the parameter values on
-** the function or aggregate.
+** the function or aggregate.  
 **
 ** The xFunc (for scalar functions) or xStep (for aggregates) parameters
 ** to [sqlite3_create_function()] and [sqlite3_create_function16()]
 ** define callbacks that implement the SQL functions and aggregates.
 ** The 3rd parameter to these callbacks is an array of pointers to
 ** [protected sqlite3_value] objects.  There is one [sqlite3_value] object for
 ** each parameter to the SQL function.  These routines are used to
 ** extract values from the [sqlite3_value] objects.
 **
 ** These routines work only with [protected sqlite3_value] objects.
 ** Any attempt to use these routines on an [unprotected sqlite3_value]
 ** object results in undefined behavior.
 **
 ** ^These routines work just like the corresponding [column access functions]
-** except that  these routines take a single [protected sqlite3_value] object
+** except that these routines take a single [protected sqlite3_value] object
 ** pointer instead of a [sqlite3_stmt*] pointer and an integer column number.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_value_text16() interface extracts a UTF-16 string
 ** in the native byte-order of the host machine.  ^The
 ** sqlite3_value_text16be() and sqlite3_value_text16le() interfaces
 ** extract UTF-16 strings as big-endian and little-endian respectively.
 **
 ** ^(The sqlite3_value_numeric_type() interface attempts to apply
@@ -4597,31 +4577,65 @@ SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3
 ** from [sqlite3_value_blob()], [sqlite3_value_text()], or
 ** [sqlite3_value_text16()] can be invalidated by a subsequent call to
 ** [sqlite3_value_bytes()], [sqlite3_value_bytes16()], [sqlite3_value_text()],
 ** or [sqlite3_value_text16()].
 **
 ** These routines must be called from the same thread as
 ** the SQL function that supplied the [sqlite3_value*] parameters.
 */
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_blob(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes16(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API double sqlite3_value_double(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_int(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_value_int64(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API const unsigned char *sqlite3_value_text(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16le(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16be(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_blob(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_bytes(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_bytes16(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API double SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_double(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_int(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_int64(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API const unsigned char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text16(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text16le(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text16be(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Finding The Subtype Of SQL Values
+** METHOD: sqlite3_value
+**
+** The sqlite3_value_subtype(V) function returns the subtype for
+** an [application-defined SQL function] argument V.  The subtype
+** information can be used to pass a limited amount of context from
+** one SQL function to another.  Use the [sqlite3_result_subtype()]
+** routine to set the subtype for the return value of an SQL function.
+**
+** SQLite makes no use of subtype itself.  It merely passes the subtype
+** from the result of one [application-defined SQL function] into the
+** input of another.
+*/
+SQLITE_API unsigned int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_subtype(sqlite3_value*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Copy And Free SQL Values
+** METHOD: sqlite3_value
+**
+** ^The sqlite3_value_dup(V) interface makes a copy of the [sqlite3_value]
+** object D and returns a pointer to that copy.  ^The [sqlite3_value] returned
+** is a [protected sqlite3_value] object even if the input is not.
+** ^The sqlite3_value_dup(V) interface returns NULL if V is NULL or if a
+** memory allocation fails.
+**
+** ^The sqlite3_value_free(V) interface frees an [sqlite3_value] object
+** previously obtained from [sqlite3_value_dup()].  ^If V is a NULL pointer
+** then sqlite3_value_free(V) is a harmless no-op.
+*/
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_value *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_dup(const sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_free(sqlite3_value*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Obtain Aggregate Function Context
+** METHOD: sqlite3_context
 **
 ** Implementations of aggregate SQL functions use this
 ** routine to allocate memory for storing their state.
 **
 ** ^The first time the sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N) routine is called 
 ** for a particular aggregate function, SQLite
 ** allocates N of memory, zeroes out that memory, and returns a pointer
 ** to the new memory. ^On second and subsequent calls to
@@ -4629,147 +4643,162 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_numeric_typ
 ** the same buffer is returned.  Sqlite3_aggregate_context() is normally
 ** called once for each invocation of the xStep callback and then one
 ** last time when the xFinal callback is invoked.  ^(When no rows match
 ** an aggregate query, the xStep() callback of the aggregate function
 ** implementation is never called and xFinal() is called exactly once.
 ** In those cases, sqlite3_aggregate_context() might be called for the
 ** first time from within xFinal().)^
 **
-** ^The sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N) routine returns a NULL pointer if N is
-** less than or equal to zero or if a memory allocate error occurs.
+** ^The sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N) routine returns a NULL pointer 
+** when first called if N is less than or equal to zero or if a memory
+** allocate error occurs.
 **
 ** ^(The amount of space allocated by sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N) is
 ** determined by the N parameter on first successful call.  Changing the
 ** value of N in subsequent call to sqlite3_aggregate_context() within
 ** the same aggregate function instance will not resize the memory
-** allocation.)^
+** allocation.)^  Within the xFinal callback, it is customary to set
+** N=0 in calls to sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N) so that no 
+** pointless memory allocations occur.
 **
 ** ^SQLite automatically frees the memory allocated by 
 ** sqlite3_aggregate_context() when the aggregate query concludes.
 **
 ** The first parameter must be a copy of the
 ** [sqlite3_context | SQL function context] that is the first parameter
 ** to the xStep or xFinal callback routine that implements the aggregate
 ** function.
 **
 ** This routine must be called from the same thread in which
 ** the aggregate SQL function is running.
 */
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_aggregate_context(sqlite3_context*, int nBytes);
+SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_aggregate_context(sqlite3_context*, int nBytes);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: User Data For Functions
+** METHOD: sqlite3_context
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_user_data() interface returns a copy of
 ** the pointer that was the pUserData parameter (the 5th parameter)
 ** of the [sqlite3_create_function()]
 ** and [sqlite3_create_function16()] routines that originally
 ** registered the application defined function.
 **
 ** This routine must be called from the same thread in which
 ** the application-defined function is running.
 */
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_user_data(sqlite3_context*);
+SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_user_data(sqlite3_context*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Database Connection For Functions
+** METHOD: sqlite3_context
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_context_db_handle() interface returns a copy of
 ** the pointer to the [database connection] (the 1st parameter)
 ** of the [sqlite3_create_function()]
 ** and [sqlite3_create_function16()] routines that originally
 ** registered the application defined function.
 */
-SQLITE_API sqlite3 *sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context*);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3 *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Function Auxiliary Data
-**
-** The following two functions may be used by scalar SQL functions to
+** METHOD: sqlite3_context
+**
+** These functions may be used by (non-aggregate) SQL functions to
 ** associate metadata with argument values. If the same value is passed to
 ** multiple invocations of the same SQL function during query execution, under
-** some circumstances the associated metadata may be preserved. This may
-** be used, for example, to add a regular-expression matching scalar
-** function. The compiled version of the regular expression is stored as
-** metadata associated with the SQL value passed as the regular expression
-** pattern.  The compiled regular expression can be reused on multiple
-** invocations of the same function so that the original pattern string
-** does not need to be recompiled on each invocation.
+** some circumstances the associated metadata may be preserved.  An example
+** of where this might be useful is in a regular-expression matching
+** function. The compiled version of the regular expression can be stored as
+** metadata associated with the pattern string.  
+** Then as long as the pattern string remains the same,
+** the compiled regular expression can be reused on multiple
+** invocations of the same function.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_get_auxdata() interface returns a pointer to the metadata
 ** associated by the sqlite3_set_auxdata() function with the Nth argument
-** value to the application-defined function. ^If no metadata has been ever
-** been set for the Nth argument of the function, or if the corresponding
-** function parameter has changed since the meta-data was set,
-** then sqlite3_get_auxdata() returns a NULL pointer.
-**
-** ^The sqlite3_set_auxdata() interface saves the metadata
-** pointed to by its 3rd parameter as the metadata for the N-th
-** argument of the application-defined function.  Subsequent
-** calls to sqlite3_get_auxdata() might return this data, if it has
-** not been destroyed.
-** ^If it is not NULL, SQLite will invoke the destructor
-** function given by the 4th parameter to sqlite3_set_auxdata() on
-** the metadata when the corresponding function parameter changes
-** or when the SQL statement completes, whichever comes first.
-**
-** SQLite is free to call the destructor and drop metadata on any
-** parameter of any function at any time.  ^The only guarantee is that
-** the destructor will be called before the metadata is dropped.
+** value to the application-defined function. ^If there is no metadata
+** associated with the function argument, this sqlite3_get_auxdata() interface
+** returns a NULL pointer.
+**
+** ^The sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) interface saves P as metadata for the N-th
+** argument of the application-defined function.  ^Subsequent
+** calls to sqlite3_get_auxdata(C,N) return P from the most recent
+** sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) call if the metadata is still valid or
+** NULL if the metadata has been discarded.
+** ^After each call to sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) where X is not NULL,
+** SQLite will invoke the destructor function X with parameter P exactly
+** once, when the metadata is discarded.
+** SQLite is free to discard the metadata at any time, including: <ul>
+** <li> when the corresponding function parameter changes, or
+** <li> when [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()] is called for the
+**      SQL statement, or
+** <li> when sqlite3_set_auxdata() is invoked again on the same parameter, or
+** <li> during the original sqlite3_set_auxdata() call when a memory 
+**      allocation error occurs. </ul>)^
+**
+** Note the last bullet in particular.  The destructor X in 
+** sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) might be called immediately, before the
+** sqlite3_set_auxdata() interface even returns.  Hence sqlite3_set_auxdata()
+** should be called near the end of the function implementation and the
+** function implementation should not make any use of P after
+** sqlite3_set_auxdata() has been called.
 **
 ** ^(In practice, metadata is preserved between function calls for
-** expressions that are constant at compile time. This includes literal
-** values and [parameters].)^
+** function parameters that are compile-time constants, including literal
+** values and [parameters] and expressions composed from the same.)^
 **
 ** These routines must be called from the same thread in which
 ** the SQL function is running.
 */
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_get_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_set_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N, void*, void (*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_get_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_set_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N, void*, void (*)(void*));
 
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Constants Defining Special Destructor Behavior
 **
 ** These are special values for the destructor that is passed in as the
 ** final argument to routines like [sqlite3_result_blob()].  ^If the destructor
 ** argument is SQLITE_STATIC, it means that the content pointer is constant
 ** and will never change.  It does not need to be destroyed.  ^The
 ** SQLITE_TRANSIENT value means that the content will likely change in
 ** the near future and that SQLite should make its own private copy of
 ** the content before returning.
 **
 ** The typedef is necessary to work around problems in certain
-** C++ compilers.  See ticket #2191.
+** C++ compilers.
 */
 typedef void (*sqlite3_destructor_type)(void*);
 #define SQLITE_STATIC      ((sqlite3_destructor_type)0)
 #define SQLITE_TRANSIENT   ((sqlite3_destructor_type)-1)
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Setting The Result Of An SQL Function
+** METHOD: sqlite3_context
 **
 ** These routines are used by the xFunc or xFinal callbacks that
 ** implement SQL functions and aggregates.  See
 ** [sqlite3_create_function()] and [sqlite3_create_function16()]
 ** for additional information.
 **
 ** These functions work very much like the [parameter binding] family of
 ** functions used to bind values to host parameters in prepared statements.
 ** Refer to the [SQL parameter] documentation for additional information.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_result_blob() interface sets the result from
 ** an application-defined function to be the BLOB whose content is pointed
 ** to by the second parameter and which is N bytes long where N is the
 ** third parameter.
 **
-** ^The sqlite3_result_zeroblob() interfaces set the result of
-** the application-defined function to be a BLOB containing all zero
-** bytes and N bytes in size, where N is the value of the 2nd parameter.
+** ^The sqlite3_result_zeroblob(C,N) and sqlite3_result_zeroblob64(C,N)
+** interfaces set the result of the application-defined function to be
+** a BLOB containing all zero bytes and N bytes in size.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_result_double() interface sets the result from
 ** an application-defined function to be a floating point value specified
 ** by its 2nd argument.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_result_error() and sqlite3_result_error16() functions
 ** cause the implemented SQL function to throw an exception.
 ** ^SQLite uses the string pointed to by the
@@ -4808,16 +4837,20 @@ typedef void (*sqlite3_destructor_type)(
 ** ^The sqlite3_result_null() interface sets the return value
 ** of the application-defined function to be NULL.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_result_text(), sqlite3_result_text16(),
 ** sqlite3_result_text16le(), and sqlite3_result_text16be() interfaces
 ** set the return value of the application-defined function to be
 ** a text string which is represented as UTF-8, UTF-16 native byte order,
 ** UTF-16 little endian, or UTF-16 big endian, respectively.
+** ^The sqlite3_result_text64() interface sets the return value of an
+** application-defined function to be a text string in an encoding
+** specified by the fifth (and last) parameter, which must be one
+** of [SQLITE_UTF8], [SQLITE_UTF16], [SQLITE_UTF16BE], or [SQLITE_UTF16LE].
 ** ^SQLite takes the text result from the application from
 ** the 2nd parameter of the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces.
 ** ^If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
 ** is negative, then SQLite takes result text from the 2nd parameter
 ** through the first zero character.
 ** ^If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
 ** is non-negative, then as many bytes (not characters) of the text
 ** pointed to by the 2nd parameter are taken as the application-defined
@@ -4837,48 +4870,69 @@ typedef void (*sqlite3_destructor_type)(
 ** copy the content of the parameter nor call a destructor on the content
 ** when it has finished using that result.
 ** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
 ** or sqlite3_result_blob is the special constant SQLITE_TRANSIENT
 ** then SQLite makes a copy of the result into space obtained from
 ** from [sqlite3_malloc()] before it returns.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_result_value() interface sets the result of
-** the application-defined function to be a copy the
+** the application-defined function to be a copy of the
 ** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object specified by the 2nd parameter.  ^The
 ** sqlite3_result_value() interface makes a copy of the [sqlite3_value]
 ** so that the [sqlite3_value] specified in the parameter may change or
 ** be deallocated after sqlite3_result_value() returns without harm.
 ** ^A [protected sqlite3_value] object may always be used where an
 ** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object is required, so either
 ** kind of [sqlite3_value] object can be used with this interface.
 **
 ** If these routines are called from within the different thread
 ** than the one containing the application-defined function that received
 ** the [sqlite3_context] pointer, the results are undefined.
 */
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_blob(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_double(sqlite3_context*, double);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_toobig(sqlite3_context*);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_nomem(sqlite3_context*);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_code(sqlite3_context*, int);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_int(sqlite3_context*, int);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_int64(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_int64);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_null(sqlite3_context*);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int, void(*)(void*));
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16le(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16be(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_value(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_value*);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_zeroblob(sqlite3_context*, int n);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_blob(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_blob64(sqlite3_context*,const void*,
+                           sqlite3_uint64,void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_double(sqlite3_context*, double);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_error(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_error16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_error_toobig(sqlite3_context*);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_error_nomem(sqlite3_context*);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_error_code(sqlite3_context*, int);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_int(sqlite3_context*, int);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_int64(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_int64);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_null(sqlite3_context*);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_text(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int, void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_text64(sqlite3_context*, const char*,sqlite3_uint64,
+                           void(*)(void*), unsigned char encoding);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_text16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_text16le(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_text16be(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_value(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_value*);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_zeroblob(sqlite3_context*, int n);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_zeroblob64(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_uint64 n);
+
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Setting The Subtype Of An SQL Function
+** METHOD: sqlite3_context
+**
+** The sqlite3_result_subtype(C,T) function causes the subtype of
+** the result from the [application-defined SQL function] with 
+** [sqlite3_context] C to be the value T.  Only the lower 8 bits 
+** of the subtype T are preserved in current versions of SQLite;
+** higher order bits are discarded.
+** The number of subtype bytes preserved by SQLite might increase
+** in future releases of SQLite.
+*/
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_subtype(sqlite3_context*,unsigned int);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Define New Collating Sequences
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^These functions add, remove, or modify a [collation] associated
 ** with the [database connection] specified as the first argument.
 **
 ** ^The name of the collation is a UTF-8 string
 ** for sqlite3_create_collation() and sqlite3_create_collation_v2()
 ** and a UTF-16 string in native byte order for sqlite3_create_collation16().
 ** ^Collation names that compare equal according to [sqlite3_strnicmp()] are
@@ -4946,41 +5000,42 @@ SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_zeroblob(
 ** check the return code and dispose of the application data pointer
 ** themselves rather than expecting SQLite to deal with it for them.
 ** This is different from every other SQLite interface.  The inconsistency 
 ** is unfortunate but cannot be changed without breaking backwards 
 ** compatibility.
 **
 ** See also:  [sqlite3_collation_needed()] and [sqlite3_collation_needed16()].
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_create_collation(
   sqlite3*, 
   const char *zName, 
   int eTextRep, 
   void *pArg,
   int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
 );
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation_v2(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_create_collation_v2(
   sqlite3*, 
   const char *zName, 
   int eTextRep, 
   void *pArg,
   int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*),
   void(*xDestroy)(void*)
 );
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation16(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_create_collation16(
   sqlite3*, 
   const void *zName,
   int eTextRep, 
   void *pArg,
   int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
 );
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Collation Needed Callbacks
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^To avoid having to register all collation sequences before a database
 ** can be used, a single callback function may be registered with the
 ** [database connection] to be invoked whenever an undefined collation
 ** sequence is required.
 **
 ** ^If the function is registered using the sqlite3_collation_needed() API,
 ** then it is passed the names of undefined collation sequences as strings
@@ -4995,68 +5050,78 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation1
 ** or [SQLITE_UTF16LE], indicating the most desirable form of the collation
 ** sequence function required.  The fourth parameter is the name of the
 ** required collation sequence.)^
 **
 ** The callback function should register the desired collation using
 ** [sqlite3_create_collation()], [sqlite3_create_collation16()], or
 ** [sqlite3_create_collation_v2()].
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_collation_needed(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_collation_needed(
   sqlite3*, 
   void*, 
   void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const char*)
 );
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_collation_needed16(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_collation_needed16(
   sqlite3*, 
   void*,
   void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const void*)
 );
 
 #ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
 /*
 ** Specify the key for an encrypted database.  This routine should be
 ** called right after sqlite3_open().
 **
 ** The code to implement this API is not available in the public release
 ** of SQLite.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_key(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_key(
   sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
   const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The key */
 );
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_key_v2(
+  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
+  const char *zDbName,           /* Name of the database */
+  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The key */
+);
 
 /*
 ** Change the key on an open database.  If the current database is not
 ** encrypted, this routine will encrypt it.  If pNew==0 or nNew==0, the
 ** database is decrypted.
 **
 ** The code to implement this API is not available in the public release
 ** of SQLite.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rekey(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_rekey(
   sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
   const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The new key */
 );
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_rekey_v2(
+  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
+  const char *zDbName,           /* Name of the database */
+  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The new key */
+);
 
 /*
 ** Specify the activation key for a SEE database.  Unless 
 ** activated, none of the SEE routines will work.
 */
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_activate_see(
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_activate_see(
   const char *zPassPhrase        /* Activation phrase */
 );
 #endif
 
 #ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
 /*
 ** Specify the activation key for a CEROD database.  Unless 
 ** activated, none of the CEROD routines will work.
 */
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_activate_cerod(
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_activate_cerod(
   const char *zPassPhrase        /* Activation phrase */
 );
 #endif
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Suspend Execution For A Short Time
 **
 ** The sqlite3_sleep() function causes the current thread to suspend execution
@@ -5068,28 +5133,35 @@ SQLITE_API void sqlite3_activate_cerod(
 ** requested from the operating system is returned.
 **
 ** ^SQLite implements this interface by calling the xSleep()
 ** method of the default [sqlite3_vfs] object.  If the xSleep() method
 ** of the default VFS is not implemented correctly, or not implemented at
 ** all, then the behavior of sqlite3_sleep() may deviate from the description
 ** in the previous paragraphs.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_sleep(int);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_sleep(int);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Name Of The Folder Holding Temporary Files
 **
 ** ^(If this global variable is made to point to a string which is
 ** the name of a folder (a.k.a. directory), then all temporary files
 ** created by SQLite when using a built-in [sqlite3_vfs | VFS]
 ** will be placed in that directory.)^  ^If this variable
 ** is a NULL pointer, then SQLite performs a search for an appropriate
 ** temporary file directory.
 **
+** Applications are strongly discouraged from using this global variable.
+** It is required to set a temporary folder on Windows Runtime (WinRT).
+** But for all other platforms, it is highly recommended that applications
+** neither read nor write this variable.  This global variable is a relic
+** that exists for backwards compatibility of legacy applications and should
+** be avoided in new projects.
+**
 ** It is not safe to read or modify this variable in more than one
 ** thread at a time.  It is not safe to read or modify this variable
 ** if a [database connection] is being used at the same time in a separate
 ** thread.
 ** It is intended that this variable be set once
 ** as part of process initialization and before any SQLite interface
 ** routines have been called and that this variable remain unchanged
 ** thereafter.
@@ -5098,16 +5170,21 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_sleep(int);
 ** it to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc].  ^Furthermore,
 ** the [temp_store_directory pragma] always assumes that any string
 ** that this variable points to is held in memory obtained from 
 ** [sqlite3_malloc] and the pragma may attempt to free that memory
 ** using [sqlite3_free].
 ** Hence, if this variable is modified directly, either it should be
 ** made NULL or made to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]
 ** or else the use of the [temp_store_directory pragma] should be avoided.
+** Except when requested by the [temp_store_directory pragma], SQLite
+** does not free the memory that sqlite3_temp_directory points to.  If
+** the application wants that memory to be freed, it must do
+** so itself, taking care to only do so after all [database connection]
+** objects have been destroyed.
 **
 ** <b>Note to Windows Runtime users:</b>  The temporary directory must be set
 ** prior to calling [sqlite3_open] or [sqlite3_open_v2].  Otherwise, various
 ** features that require the use of temporary files may fail.  Here is an
 ** example of how to do this using C++ with the Windows Runtime:
 **
 ** <blockquote><pre>
 ** LPCWSTR zPath = Windows::Storage::ApplicationData::Current->
@@ -5156,16 +5233,17 @@ SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_temp_directory;
 ** made NULL or made to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]
 ** or else the use of the [data_store_directory pragma] should be avoided.
 */
 SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_data_directory;
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Test For Auto-Commit Mode
 ** KEYWORDS: {autocommit mode}
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_get_autocommit() interface returns non-zero or
 ** zero if the given database connection is or is not in autocommit mode,
 ** respectively.  ^Autocommit mode is on by default.
 ** ^Autocommit mode is disabled by a [BEGIN] statement.
 ** ^Autocommit mode is re-enabled by a [COMMIT] or [ROLLBACK].
 **
 ** If certain kinds of errors occur on a statement within a multi-statement
@@ -5174,72 +5252,77 @@ SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_data_directory;
 ** transaction might be rolled back automatically.  The only way to
 ** find out whether SQLite automatically rolled back the transaction after
 ** an error is to use this function.
 **
 ** If another thread changes the autocommit status of the database
 ** connection while this routine is running, then the return value
 ** is undefined.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_get_autocommit(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_get_autocommit(sqlite3*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Find The Database Handle Of A Prepared Statement
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_db_handle interface returns the [database connection] handle
 ** to which a [prepared statement] belongs.  ^The [database connection]
 ** returned by sqlite3_db_handle is the same [database connection]
 ** that was the first argument
 ** to the [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] call (or its variants) that was used to
 ** create the statement in the first place.
 */
-SQLITE_API sqlite3 *sqlite3_db_handle(sqlite3_stmt*);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3 *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_db_handle(sqlite3_stmt*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Return The Filename For A Database Connection
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_db_filename(D,N) interface returns a pointer to a filename
 ** associated with database N of connection D.  ^The main database file
 ** has the name "main".  If there is no attached database N on the database
 ** connection D, or if database N is a temporary or in-memory database, then
 ** a NULL pointer is returned.
 **
 ** ^The filename returned by this function is the output of the
 ** xFullPathname method of the [VFS].  ^In other words, the filename
 ** will be an absolute pathname, even if the filename used
 ** to open the database originally was a URI or relative pathname.
 */
-SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_db_filename(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName);
+SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_db_filename(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Determine if a database is read-only
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_db_readonly(D,N) interface returns 1 if the database N
 ** of connection D is read-only, 0 if it is read/write, or -1 if N is not
 ** the name of a database on connection D.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_readonly(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_db_readonly(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Find the next prepared statement
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^This interface returns a pointer to the next [prepared statement] after
 ** pStmt associated with the [database connection] pDb.  ^If pStmt is NULL
 ** then this interface returns a pointer to the first prepared statement
 ** associated with the database connection pDb.  ^If no prepared statement
 ** satisfies the conditions of this routine, it returns NULL.
 **
 ** The [database connection] pointer D in a call to
 ** [sqlite3_next_stmt(D,S)] must refer to an open database
 ** connection and in particular must not be a NULL pointer.
 */
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_stmt *sqlite3_next_stmt(sqlite3 *pDb, sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_stmt *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_next_stmt(sqlite3 *pDb, sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Commit And Rollback Notification Callbacks
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_commit_hook() interface registers a callback
 ** function to be invoked whenever a transaction is [COMMIT | committed].
 ** ^Any callback set by a previous call to sqlite3_commit_hook()
 ** for the same database connection is overridden.
 ** ^The sqlite3_rollback_hook() interface registers a callback
 ** function to be invoked whenever a transaction is [ROLLBACK | rolled back].
 ** ^Any callback set by a previous call to sqlite3_rollback_hook()
@@ -5274,42 +5357,45 @@ SQLITE_API sqlite3_stmt *sqlite3_next_st
 ** ^For the purposes of this API, a transaction is said to have been
 ** rolled back if an explicit "ROLLBACK" statement is executed, or
 ** an error or constraint causes an implicit rollback to occur.
 ** ^The rollback callback is not invoked if a transaction is
 ** automatically rolled back because the database connection is closed.
 **
 ** See also the [sqlite3_update_hook()] interface.
 */
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_commit_hook(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*), void*);
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_rollback_hook(sqlite3*, void(*)(void *), void*);
+SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_commit_hook(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*), void*);
+SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_rollback_hook(sqlite3*, void(*)(void *), void*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Data Change Notification Callbacks
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_update_hook() interface registers a callback function
 ** with the [database connection] identified by the first argument
-** to be invoked whenever a row is updated, inserted or deleted.
+** to be invoked whenever a row is updated, inserted or deleted in
+** a rowid table.
 ** ^Any callback set by a previous call to this function
 ** for the same database connection is overridden.
 **
 ** ^The second argument is a pointer to the function to invoke when a
-** row is updated, inserted or deleted.
+** row is updated, inserted or deleted in a rowid table.
 ** ^The first argument to the callback is a copy of the third argument
 ** to sqlite3_update_hook().
 ** ^The second callback argument is one of [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE],
 ** or [SQLITE_UPDATE], depending on the operation that caused the callback
 ** to be invoked.
 ** ^The third and fourth arguments to the callback contain pointers to the
 ** database and table name containing the affected row.
 ** ^The final callback parameter is the [rowid] of the row.
 ** ^In the case of an update, this is the [rowid] after the update takes place.
 **
 ** ^(The update hook is not invoked when internal system tables are
 ** modified (i.e. sqlite_master and sqlite_sequence).)^
+** ^The update hook is not invoked when [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are modified.
 **
 ** ^In the current implementation, the update hook
 ** is not invoked when duplication rows are deleted because of an
 ** [ON CONFLICT | ON CONFLICT REPLACE] clause.  ^Nor is the update hook
 ** invoked when rows are deleted using the [truncate optimization].
 ** The exceptions defined in this paragraph might change in a future
 ** release of SQLite.
 **
@@ -5323,17 +5409,17 @@ SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_rollback_hook(s
 ** ^The sqlite3_update_hook(D,C,P) function
 ** returns the P argument from the previous call
 ** on the same [database connection] D, or NULL for
 ** the first call on D.
 **
 ** See also the [sqlite3_commit_hook()] and [sqlite3_rollback_hook()]
 ** interfaces.
 */
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_update_hook(
+SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_update_hook(
   sqlite3*, 
   void(*)(void *,int ,char const *,char const *,sqlite3_int64),
   void*
 );
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Shared Pager Cache
 **
@@ -5353,51 +5439,57 @@ SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_update_hook(
 **
 ** ^(This routine returns [SQLITE_OK] if shared cache was enabled or disabled
 ** successfully.  An [error code] is returned otherwise.)^
 **
 ** ^Shared cache is disabled by default. But this might change in
 ** future releases of SQLite.  Applications that care about shared
 ** cache setting should set it explicitly.
 **
+** Note: This method is disabled on MacOS X 10.7 and iOS version 5.0
+** and will always return SQLITE_MISUSE. On those systems, 
+** shared cache mode should be enabled per-database connection via 
+** [sqlite3_open_v2()] with [SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE].
+**
 ** This interface is threadsafe on processors where writing a
 ** 32-bit integer is atomic.
 **
 ** See Also:  [SQLite Shared-Cache Mode]
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_enable_shared_cache(int);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_enable_shared_cache(int);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Attempt To Free Heap Memory
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_release_memory() interface attempts to free N bytes
 ** of heap memory by deallocating non-essential memory allocations
 ** held by the database library.   Memory used to cache database
 ** pages to improve performance is an example of non-essential memory.
 ** ^sqlite3_release_memory() returns the number of bytes actually freed,
 ** which might be more or less than the amount requested.
 ** ^The sqlite3_release_memory() routine is a no-op returning zero
 ** if SQLite is not compiled with [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT].
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_db_release_memory()]
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_release_memory(int);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_release_memory(int);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Free Memory Used By A Database Connection
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_db_release_memory(D) interface attempts to free as much heap
 ** memory as possible from database connection D. Unlike the
-** [sqlite3_release_memory()] interface, this interface is effect even
-** when then [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT] compile-time option is
+** [sqlite3_release_memory()] interface, this interface is in effect even
+** when the [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT] compile-time option is
 ** omitted.
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_release_memory()]
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_release_memory(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_db_release_memory(sqlite3*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Impose A Limit On Heap Size
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64() interface sets and/or queries the
 ** soft limit on the amount of heap memory that may be allocated by SQLite.
 ** ^SQLite strives to keep heap memory utilization below the soft heap
 ** limit by reducing the number of pages held in the page cache
@@ -5439,47 +5531,55 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_release_memory
 ** when memory is allocated by the page cache.  Testing suggests that because
 ** the page cache is the predominate memory user in SQLite, most
 ** applications will achieve adequate soft heap limit enforcement without
 ** the use of [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT].
 **
 ** The circumstances under which SQLite will enforce the soft heap limit may
 ** changes in future releases of SQLite.
 */
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(sqlite3_int64 N);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(sqlite3_int64 N);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Deprecated Soft Heap Limit Interface
 ** DEPRECATED
 **
 ** This is a deprecated version of the [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64()]
 ** interface.  This routine is provided for historical compatibility
 ** only.  All new applications should use the
 ** [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64()] interface rather than this one.
 */
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void sqlite3_soft_heap_limit(int N);
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_soft_heap_limit(int N);
 
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Extract Metadata About A Column Of A Table
-**
-** ^This routine returns metadata about a specific column of a specific
-** database table accessible using the [database connection] handle
-** passed as the first function argument.
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** ^(The sqlite3_table_column_metadata(X,D,T,C,....) routine returns
+** information about column C of table T in database D
+** on [database connection] X.)^  ^The sqlite3_table_column_metadata()
+** interface returns SQLITE_OK and fills in the non-NULL pointers in
+** the final five arguments with appropriate values if the specified
+** column exists.  ^The sqlite3_table_column_metadata() interface returns
+** SQLITE_ERROR and if the specified column does not exist.
+** ^If the column-name parameter to sqlite3_table_column_metadata() is a
+** NULL pointer, then this routine simply checks for the existance of the
+** table and returns SQLITE_OK if the table exists and SQLITE_ERROR if it
+** does not.
 **
 ** ^The column is identified by the second, third and fourth parameters to
-** this function. ^The second parameter is either the name of the database
+** this function. ^(The second parameter is either the name of the database
 ** (i.e. "main", "temp", or an attached database) containing the specified
-** table or NULL. ^If it is NULL, then all attached databases are searched
+** table or NULL.)^ ^If it is NULL, then all attached databases are searched
 ** for the table using the same algorithm used by the database engine to
 ** resolve unqualified table references.
 **
 ** ^The third and fourth parameters to this function are the table and column
-** name of the desired column, respectively. Neither of these parameters
-** may be NULL.
+** name of the desired column, respectively.
 **
 ** ^Metadata is returned by writing to the memory locations passed as the 5th
 ** and subsequent parameters to this function. ^Any of these arguments may be
 ** NULL, in which case the corresponding element of metadata is omitted.
 **
 ** ^(<blockquote>
 ** <table border="1">
 ** <tr><th> Parameter <th> Output<br>Type <th>  Description
@@ -5488,108 +5588,116 @@ SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void sqlite
 ** <tr><td> 6th <td> const char* <td> Name of default collation sequence
 ** <tr><td> 7th <td> int         <td> True if column has a NOT NULL constraint
 ** <tr><td> 8th <td> int         <td> True if column is part of the PRIMARY KEY
 ** <tr><td> 9th <td> int         <td> True if column is [AUTOINCREMENT]
 ** </table>
 ** </blockquote>)^
 **
 ** ^The memory pointed to by the character pointers returned for the
-** declaration type and collation sequence is valid only until the next
+** declaration type and collation sequence is valid until the next
 ** call to any SQLite API function.
 **
 ** ^If the specified table is actually a view, an [error code] is returned.
 **
-** ^If the specified column is "rowid", "oid" or "_rowid_" and an
+** ^If the specified column is "rowid", "oid" or "_rowid_" and the table 
+** is not a [WITHOUT ROWID] table and an
 ** [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] column has been explicitly declared, then the output
 ** parameters are set for the explicitly declared column. ^(If there is no
-** explicitly declared [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] column, then the output
-** parameters are set as follows:
+** [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] column, then the outputs
+** for the [rowid] are set as follows:
 **
 ** <pre>
 **     data type: "INTEGER"
 **     collation sequence: "BINARY"
 **     not null: 0
 **     primary key: 1
 **     auto increment: 0
 ** </pre>)^
 **
-** ^(This function may load one or more schemas from database files. If an
-** error occurs during this process, or if the requested table or column
-** cannot be found, an [error code] is returned and an error message left
-** in the [database connection] (to be retrieved using sqlite3_errmsg()).)^
-**
-** ^This API is only available if the library was compiled with the
-** [SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA] C-preprocessor symbol defined.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_table_column_metadata(
+** ^This function causes all database schemas to be read from disk and
+** parsed, if that has not already been done, and returns an error if
+** any errors are encountered while loading the schema.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_table_column_metadata(
   sqlite3 *db,                /* Connection handle */
   const char *zDbName,        /* Database name or NULL */
   const char *zTableName,     /* Table name */
   const char *zColumnName,    /* Column name */
   char const **pzDataType,    /* OUTPUT: Declared data type */
   char const **pzCollSeq,     /* OUTPUT: Collation sequence name */
   int *pNotNull,              /* OUTPUT: True if NOT NULL constraint exists */
   int *pPrimaryKey,           /* OUTPUT: True if column part of PK */
   int *pAutoinc               /* OUTPUT: True if column is auto-increment */
 );
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Load An Extension
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^This interface loads an SQLite extension library from the named file.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_load_extension() interface attempts to load an
-** SQLite extension library contained in the file zFile.
+** [SQLite extension] library contained in the file zFile.  If
+** the file cannot be loaded directly, attempts are made to load
+** with various operating-system specific extensions added.
+** So for example, if "samplelib" cannot be loaded, then names like
+** "samplelib.so" or "samplelib.dylib" or "samplelib.dll" might
+** be tried also.
 **
 ** ^The entry point is zProc.
-** ^zProc may be 0, in which case the name of the entry point
-** defaults to "sqlite3_extension_init".
+** ^(zProc may be 0, in which case SQLite will try to come up with an
+** entry point name on its own.  It first tries "sqlite3_extension_init".
+** If that does not work, it constructs a name "sqlite3_X_init" where the
+** X is consists of the lower-case equivalent of all ASCII alphabetic
+** characters in the filename from the last "/" to the first following
+** "." and omitting any initial "lib".)^
 ** ^The sqlite3_load_extension() interface returns
 ** [SQLITE_OK] on success and [SQLITE_ERROR] if something goes wrong.
 ** ^If an error occurs and pzErrMsg is not 0, then the
 ** [sqlite3_load_extension()] interface shall attempt to
 ** fill *pzErrMsg with error message text stored in memory
 ** obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()]. The calling function
 ** should free this memory by calling [sqlite3_free()].
 **
 ** ^Extension loading must be enabled using
 ** [sqlite3_enable_load_extension()] prior to calling this API,
 ** otherwise an error will be returned.
 **
 ** See also the [load_extension() SQL function].
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_load_extension(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_load_extension(
   sqlite3 *db,          /* Load the extension into this database connection */
   const char *zFile,    /* Name of the shared library containing extension */
   const char *zProc,    /* Entry point.  Derived from zFile if 0 */
   char **pzErrMsg       /* Put error message here if not 0 */
 );
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extension Loading
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^So as not to open security holes in older applications that are
-** unprepared to deal with extension loading, and as a means of disabling
-** extension loading while evaluating user-entered SQL, the following API
+** unprepared to deal with [extension loading], and as a means of disabling
+** [extension loading] while evaluating user-entered SQL, the following API
 ** is provided to turn the [sqlite3_load_extension()] mechanism on and off.
 **
-** ^Extension loading is off by default. See ticket #1863.
+** ^Extension loading is off by default.
 ** ^Call the sqlite3_enable_load_extension() routine with onoff==1
 ** to turn extension loading on and call it with onoff==0 to turn
 ** it back off again.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_enable_load_extension(sqlite3 *db, int onoff);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_enable_load_extension(sqlite3 *db, int onoff);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Automatically Load Statically Linked Extensions
 **
 ** ^This interface causes the xEntryPoint() function to be invoked for
 ** each new [database connection] that is created.  The idea here is that
-** xEntryPoint() is the entry point for a statically linked SQLite extension
+** xEntryPoint() is the entry point for a statically linked [SQLite extension]
 ** that is to be automatically loaded into all new database connections.
 **
 ** ^(Even though the function prototype shows that xEntryPoint() takes
 ** no arguments and returns void, SQLite invokes xEntryPoint() with three
 ** arguments and expects and integer result as if the signature of the
 ** entry point where as follows:
 **
 ** <blockquote><pre>
@@ -5607,27 +5715,40 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_enable_load_exten
 ** [sqlite3_free()] on *pzErrMsg after xEntryPoint() returns.  ^If any
 ** xEntryPoint() returns an error, the [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()],
 ** or [sqlite3_open_v2()] call that provoked the xEntryPoint() will fail.
 **
 ** ^Calling sqlite3_auto_extension(X) with an entry point X that is already
 ** on the list of automatic extensions is a harmless no-op. ^No entry point
 ** will be called more than once for each database connection that is opened.
 **
-** See also: [sqlite3_reset_auto_extension()].
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_auto_extension(void (*xEntryPoint)(void));
+** See also: [sqlite3_reset_auto_extension()]
+** and [sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension()]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_auto_extension(void (*xEntryPoint)(void));
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Cancel Automatic Extension Loading
+**
+** ^The [sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(X)] interface unregisters the
+** initialization routine X that was registered using a prior call to
+** [sqlite3_auto_extension(X)].  ^The [sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(X)]
+** routine returns 1 if initialization routine X was successfully 
+** unregistered and it returns 0 if X was not on the list of initialization
+** routines.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(void (*xEntryPoint)(void));
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Reset Automatic Extension Loading
 **
 ** ^This interface disables all automatic extensions previously
 ** registered using [sqlite3_auto_extension()].
 */
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_reset_auto_extension(void);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_reset_auto_extension(void);
 
 /*
 ** The interface to the virtual-table mechanism is currently considered
 ** to be experimental.  The interface might change in incompatible ways.
 ** If this is a problem for you, do not use the interface at this time.
 **
 ** When the virtual-table mechanism stabilizes, we will declare the
 ** interface fixed, support it indefinitely, and remove this comment.
@@ -5719,36 +5840,77 @@ struct sqlite3_module {
 ** and makes other simplifications to the WHERE clause in an attempt to
 ** get as many WHERE clause terms into the form shown above as possible.
 ** ^The aConstraint[] array only reports WHERE clause terms that are
 ** relevant to the particular virtual table being queried.
 **
 ** ^Information about the ORDER BY clause is stored in aOrderBy[].
 ** ^Each term of aOrderBy records a column of the ORDER BY clause.
 **
+** The colUsed field indicates which columns of the virtual table may be
+** required by the current scan. Virtual table columns are numbered from
+** zero in the order in which they appear within the CREATE TABLE statement
+** passed to sqlite3_declare_vtab(). For the first 63 columns (columns 0-62),
+** the corresponding bit is set within the colUsed mask if the column may be
+** required by SQLite. If the table has at least 64 columns and any column
+** to the right of the first 63 is required, then bit 63 of colUsed is also
+** set. In other words, column iCol may be required if the expression
+** (colUsed & ((sqlite3_uint64)1 << (iCol>=63 ? 63 : iCol))) evaluates to 
+** non-zero.
+**
 ** The [xBestIndex] method must fill aConstraintUsage[] with information
 ** about what parameters to pass to xFilter.  ^If argvIndex>0 then
 ** the right-hand side of the corresponding aConstraint[] is evaluated
 ** and becomes the argvIndex-th entry in argv.  ^(If aConstraintUsage[].omit
 ** is true, then the constraint is assumed to be fully handled by the
 ** virtual table and is not checked again by SQLite.)^
 **
 ** ^The idxNum and idxPtr values are recorded and passed into the
 ** [xFilter] method.
 ** ^[sqlite3_free()] is used to free idxPtr if and only if
 ** needToFreeIdxPtr is true.
 **
 ** ^The orderByConsumed means that output from [xFilter]/[xNext] will occur in
 ** the correct order to satisfy the ORDER BY clause so that no separate
 ** sorting step is required.
 **
-** ^The estimatedCost value is an estimate of the cost of doing the
-** particular lookup.  A full scan of a table with N entries should have
-** a cost of N.  A binary search of a table of N entries should have a
-** cost of approximately log(N).
+** ^The estimatedCost value is an estimate of the cost of a particular
+** strategy. A cost of N indicates that the cost of the strategy is similar
+** to a linear scan of an SQLite table with N rows. A cost of log(N) 
+** indicates that the expense of the operation is similar to that of a
+** binary search on a unique indexed field of an SQLite table with N rows.
+**
+** ^The estimatedRows value is an estimate of the number of rows that
+** will be returned by the strategy.
+**
+** The xBestIndex method may optionally populate the idxFlags field with a 
+** mask of SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_* flags. Currently there is only one such flag -
+** SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE. If the xBestIndex method sets this flag, SQLite
+** assumes that the strategy may visit at most one row. 
+**
+** Additionally, if xBestIndex sets the SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE flag, then
+** SQLite also assumes that if a call to the xUpdate() method is made as
+** part of the same statement to delete or update a virtual table row and the
+** implementation returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, then there is no need to rollback
+** any database changes. In other words, if the xUpdate() returns
+** SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, the database contents must be exactly as they were
+** before xUpdate was called. By contrast, if SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE is not
+** set and xUpdate returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, any database changes made by
+** the xUpdate method are automatically rolled back by SQLite.
+**
+** IMPORTANT: The estimatedRows field was added to the sqlite3_index_info
+** structure for SQLite version 3.8.2. If a virtual table extension is
+** used with an SQLite version earlier than 3.8.2, the results of attempting 
+** to read or write the estimatedRows field are undefined (but are likely 
+** to included crashing the application). The estimatedRows field should
+** therefore only be used if [sqlite3_libversion_number()] returns a
+** value greater than or equal to 3008002. Similarly, the idxFlags field
+** was added for version 3.9.0. It may therefore only be used if
+** sqlite3_libversion_number() returns a value greater than or equal to
+** 3009000.
 */
 struct sqlite3_index_info {
   /* Inputs */
   int nConstraint;           /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
   struct sqlite3_index_constraint {
      int iColumn;              /* Column on left-hand side of constraint */
      unsigned char op;         /* Constraint operator */
      unsigned char usable;     /* True if this constraint is usable */
@@ -5763,36 +5925,51 @@ struct sqlite3_index_info {
   struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage {
     int argvIndex;           /* if >0, constraint is part of argv to xFilter */
     unsigned char omit;      /* Do not code a test for this constraint */
   } *aConstraintUsage;
   int idxNum;                /* Number used to identify the index */
   char *idxStr;              /* String, possibly obtained from sqlite3_malloc */
   int needToFreeIdxStr;      /* Free idxStr using sqlite3_free() if true */
   int orderByConsumed;       /* True if output is already ordered */
-  double estimatedCost;      /* Estimated cost of using this index */
-};
+  double estimatedCost;           /* Estimated cost of using this index */
+  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.8.2 and later */
+  sqlite3_int64 estimatedRows;    /* Estimated number of rows returned */
+  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.9.0 and later */
+  int idxFlags;              /* Mask of SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_* flags */
+  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.10.0 and later */
+  sqlite3_uint64 colUsed;    /* Input: Mask of columns used by statement */
+};
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Scan Flags
+*/
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE      1     /* Scan visits at most 1 row */
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Constraint Operator Codes
 **
 ** These macros defined the allowed values for the
 ** [sqlite3_index_info].aConstraint[].op field.  Each value represents
 ** an operator that is part of a constraint term in the wHERE clause of
 ** a query that uses a [virtual table].
 */
-#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ    2
-#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GT    4
-#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE    8
-#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT    16
-#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE    32
-#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH 64
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ      2
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GT      4
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE      8
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT     16
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE     32
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH  64
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LIKE   65
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GLOB   66
+#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_REGEXP 67
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Register A Virtual Table Implementation
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^These routines are used to register a new [virtual table module] name.
 ** ^Module names must be registered before
 ** creating a new [virtual table] using the module and before using a
 ** preexisting [virtual table] for the module.
 **
 ** ^The module name is registered on the [database connection] specified
 ** by the first parameter.  ^The name of the module is given by the 
@@ -5806,23 +5983,23 @@ struct sqlite3_index_info {
 ** is a pointer to a destructor for the pClientData.  ^SQLite will
 ** invoke the destructor function (if it is not NULL) when SQLite
 ** no longer needs the pClientData pointer.  ^The destructor will also
 ** be invoked if the call to sqlite3_create_module_v2() fails.
 ** ^The sqlite3_create_module()
 ** interface is equivalent to sqlite3_create_module_v2() with a NULL
 ** destructor.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_module(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_create_module(
   sqlite3 *db,               /* SQLite connection to register module with */
   const char *zName,         /* Name of the module */
   const sqlite3_module *p,   /* Methods for the module */
   void *pClientData          /* Client data for xCreate/xConnect */
 );
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_module_v2(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_create_module_v2(
   sqlite3 *db,               /* SQLite connection to register module with */
   const char *zName,         /* Name of the module */
   const sqlite3_module *p,   /* Methods for the module */
   void *pClientData,         /* Client data for xCreate/xConnect */
   void(*xDestroy)(void*)     /* Module destructor function */
 );
 
 /*
@@ -5840,17 +6017,17 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_module_v2(
 ** string obtained from [sqlite3_mprintf()] to zErrMsg.  The method should
 ** take care that any prior string is freed by a call to [sqlite3_free()]
 ** prior to assigning a new string to zErrMsg.  ^After the error message
 ** is delivered up to the client application, the string will be automatically
 ** freed by sqlite3_free() and the zErrMsg field will be zeroed.
 */
 struct sqlite3_vtab {
   const sqlite3_module *pModule;  /* The module for this virtual table */
-  int nRef;                       /* NO LONGER USED */
+  int nRef;                       /* Number of open cursors */
   char *zErrMsg;                  /* Error message from sqlite3_mprintf() */
   /* Virtual table implementations will typically add additional fields */
 };
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Cursor Object
 ** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_vtab_cursor {virtual table cursor}
 **
@@ -5875,35 +6052,36 @@ struct sqlite3_vtab_cursor {
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Declare The Schema Of A Virtual Table
 **
 ** ^The [xCreate] and [xConnect] methods of a
 ** [virtual table module] call this interface
 ** to declare the format (the names and datatypes of the columns) of
 ** the virtual tables they implement.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_declare_vtab(sqlite3*, const char *zSQL);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_declare_vtab(sqlite3*, const char *zSQL);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Overload A Function For A Virtual Table
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^(Virtual tables can provide alternative implementations of functions
 ** using the [xFindFunction] method of the [virtual table module].  
 ** But global versions of those functions
 ** must exist in order to be overloaded.)^
 **
 ** ^(This API makes sure a global version of a function with a particular
 ** name and number of parameters exists.  If no such function exists
 ** before this API is called, a new function is created.)^  ^The implementation
 ** of the new function always causes an exception to be thrown.  So
 ** the new function is not good for anything by itself.  Its only
 ** purpose is to be a placeholder function that can be overloaded
 ** by a [virtual table].
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_overload_function(sqlite3*, const char *zFuncName, int nArg);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_overload_function(sqlite3*, const char *zFuncName, int nArg);
 
 /*
 ** The interface to the virtual-table mechanism defined above (back up
 ** to a comment remarkably similar to this one) is currently considered
 ** to be experimental.  The interface might change in incompatible ways.
 ** If this is a problem for you, do not use the interface at this time.
 **
 ** When the virtual-table mechanism stabilizes, we will declare the
@@ -5921,45 +6099,63 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_overload_function
 ** ^The [sqlite3_blob_read()] and [sqlite3_blob_write()] interfaces
 ** can be used to read or write small subsections of the BLOB.
 ** ^The [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface returns the size of the BLOB in bytes.
 */
 typedef struct sqlite3_blob sqlite3_blob;
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Open A BLOB For Incremental I/O
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3_blob
 **
 ** ^(This interfaces opens a [BLOB handle | handle] to the BLOB located
 ** in row iRow, column zColumn, table zTable in database zDb;
 ** in other words, the same BLOB that would be selected by:
 **
 ** <pre>
 **     SELECT zColumn FROM zDb.zTable WHERE [rowid] = iRow;
 ** </pre>)^
 **
+** ^(Parameter zDb is not the filename that contains the database, but 
+** rather the symbolic name of the database. For attached databases, this is
+** the name that appears after the AS keyword in the [ATTACH] statement.
+** For the main database file, the database name is "main". For TEMP
+** tables, the database name is "temp".)^
+**
 ** ^If the flags parameter is non-zero, then the BLOB is opened for read
-** and write access. ^If it is zero, the BLOB is opened for read access.
-** ^It is not possible to open a column that is part of an index or primary 
-** key for writing. ^If [foreign key constraints] are enabled, it is 
-** not possible to open a column that is part of a [child key] for writing.
-**
-** ^Note that the database name is not the filename that contains
-** the database but rather the symbolic name of the database that
-** appears after the AS keyword when the database is connected using [ATTACH].
-** ^For the main database file, the database name is "main".
-** ^For TEMP tables, the database name is "temp".
-**
-** ^(On success, [SQLITE_OK] is returned and the new [BLOB handle] is written
-** to *ppBlob. Otherwise an [error code] is returned and *ppBlob is set
-** to be a null pointer.)^
-** ^This function sets the [database connection] error code and message
-** accessible via [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] and related
-** functions. ^Note that the *ppBlob variable is always initialized in a
-** way that makes it safe to invoke [sqlite3_blob_close()] on *ppBlob
-** regardless of the success or failure of this routine.
+** and write access. ^If the flags parameter is zero, the BLOB is opened for
+** read-only access.
+**
+** ^(On success, [SQLITE_OK] is returned and the new [BLOB handle] is stored
+** in *ppBlob. Otherwise an [error code] is returned and, unless the error
+** code is SQLITE_MISUSE, *ppBlob is set to NULL.)^ ^This means that, provided
+** the API is not misused, it is always safe to call [sqlite3_blob_close()] 
+** on *ppBlob after this function it returns.
+**
+** This function fails with SQLITE_ERROR if any of the following are true:
+** <ul>
+**   <li> ^(Database zDb does not exist)^, 
+**   <li> ^(Table zTable does not exist within database zDb)^, 
+**   <li> ^(Table zTable is a WITHOUT ROWID table)^, 
+**   <li> ^(Column zColumn does not exist)^,
+**   <li> ^(Row iRow is not present in the table)^,
+**   <li> ^(The specified column of row iRow contains a value that is not
+**         a TEXT or BLOB value)^,
+**   <li> ^(Column zColumn is part of an index, PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE 
+**         constraint and the blob is being opened for read/write access)^,
+**   <li> ^([foreign key constraints | Foreign key constraints] are enabled, 
+**         column zColumn is part of a [child key] definition and the blob is
+**         being opened for read/write access)^.
+** </ul>
+**
+** ^Unless it returns SQLITE_MISUSE, this function sets the 
+** [database connection] error code and message accessible via 
+** [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] and related functions. 
+**
 **
 ** ^(If the row that a BLOB handle points to is modified by an
 ** [UPDATE], [DELETE], or by [ON CONFLICT] side-effects
 ** then the BLOB handle is marked as "expired".
 ** This is true if any column of the row is changed, even a column
 ** other than the one the BLOB handle is open on.)^
 ** ^Calls to [sqlite3_blob_read()] and [sqlite3_blob_write()] for
 ** an expired BLOB handle fail with a return code of [SQLITE_ABORT].
@@ -5968,35 +6164,35 @@ typedef struct sqlite3_blob sqlite3_blob
 ** commit if the transaction continues to completion.)^
 **
 ** ^Use the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface to determine the size of
 ** the opened blob.  ^The size of a blob may not be changed by this
 ** interface.  Use the [UPDATE] SQL command to change the size of a
 ** blob.
 **
 ** ^The [sqlite3_bind_zeroblob()] and [sqlite3_result_zeroblob()] interfaces
-** and the built-in [zeroblob] SQL function can be used, if desired,
-** to create an empty, zero-filled blob in which to read or write using
-** this interface.
+** and the built-in [zeroblob] SQL function may be used to create a 
+** zero-filled blob to read or write using the incremental-blob interface.
 **
 ** To avoid a resource leak, every open [BLOB handle] should eventually
 ** be released by a call to [sqlite3_blob_close()].
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_open(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_blob_open(
   sqlite3*,
   const char *zDb,
   const char *zTable,
   const char *zColumn,
   sqlite3_int64 iRow,
   int flags,
   sqlite3_blob **ppBlob
 );
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Move a BLOB Handle to a New Row
+** METHOD: sqlite3_blob
 **
 ** ^This function is used to move an existing blob handle so that it points
 ** to a different row of the same database table. ^The new row is identified
 ** by the rowid value passed as the second argument. Only the row can be
 ** changed. ^The database, table and column on which the blob handle is open
 ** remain the same. Moving an existing blob handle to a new row can be
 ** faster than closing the existing handle and opening a new one.
 **
@@ -6007,59 +6203,60 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_open(
 ** SQLite error code is returned and the blob handle is considered aborted.
 ** ^All subsequent calls to [sqlite3_blob_read()], [sqlite3_blob_write()] or
 ** [sqlite3_blob_reopen()] on an aborted blob handle immediately return
 ** SQLITE_ABORT. ^Calling [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] on an aborted blob handle
 ** always returns zero.
 **
 ** ^This function sets the database handle error code and message.
 */
-SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_blob_reopen(sqlite3_blob *, sqlite3_int64);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_blob_reopen(sqlite3_blob *, sqlite3_int64);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Close A BLOB Handle
-**
-** ^Closes an open [BLOB handle].
-**
-** ^Closing a BLOB shall cause the current transaction to commit
-** if there are no other BLOBs, no pending prepared statements, and the
-** database connection is in [autocommit mode].
-** ^If any writes were made to the BLOB, they might be held in cache
-** until the close operation if they will fit.
-**
-** ^(Closing the BLOB often forces the changes
-** out to disk and so if any I/O errors occur, they will likely occur
-** at the time when the BLOB is closed.  Any errors that occur during
-** closing are reported as a non-zero return value.)^
-**
-** ^(The BLOB is closed unconditionally.  Even if this routine returns
-** an error code, the BLOB is still closed.)^
-**
-** ^Calling this routine with a null pointer (such as would be returned
-** by a failed call to [sqlite3_blob_open()]) is a harmless no-op.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_close(sqlite3_blob *);
+** DESTRUCTOR: sqlite3_blob
+**
+** ^This function closes an open [BLOB handle]. ^(The BLOB handle is closed
+** unconditionally.  Even if this routine returns an error code, the 
+** handle is still closed.)^
+**
+** ^If the blob handle being closed was opened for read-write access, and if
+** the database is in auto-commit mode and there are no other open read-write
+** blob handles or active write statements, the current transaction is
+** committed. ^If an error occurs while committing the transaction, an error
+** code is returned and the transaction rolled back.
+**
+** Calling this function with an argument that is not a NULL pointer or an
+** open blob handle results in undefined behaviour. ^Calling this routine 
+** with a null pointer (such as would be returned by a failed call to 
+** [sqlite3_blob_open()]) is a harmless no-op. ^Otherwise, if this function
+** is passed a valid open blob handle, the values returned by the 
+** sqlite3_errcode() and sqlite3_errmsg() functions are set before returning.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_blob_close(sqlite3_blob *);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Return The Size Of An Open BLOB
+** METHOD: sqlite3_blob
 **
 ** ^Returns the size in bytes of the BLOB accessible via the 
 ** successfully opened [BLOB handle] in its only argument.  ^The
 ** incremental blob I/O routines can only read or overwriting existing
 ** blob content; they cannot change the size of a blob.
 **
 ** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
 ** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
 ** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()].  Passing any other pointer in
 ** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_bytes(sqlite3_blob *);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_blob_bytes(sqlite3_blob *);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Read Data From A BLOB Incrementally
+** METHOD: sqlite3_blob
 **
 ** ^(This function is used to read data from an open [BLOB handle] into a
 ** caller-supplied buffer. N bytes of data are copied into buffer Z
 ** from the open BLOB, starting at offset iOffset.)^
 **
 ** ^If offset iOffset is less than N bytes from the end of the BLOB,
 ** [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is read.  ^If N or iOffset is
 ** less than zero, [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is read.
@@ -6074,55 +6271,59 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_bytes(sqlite
 **
 ** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
 ** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
 ** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()].  Passing any other pointer in
 ** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_blob_write()].
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_read(sqlite3_blob *, void *Z, int N, int iOffset);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_blob_read(sqlite3_blob *, void *Z, int N, int iOffset);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Write Data Into A BLOB Incrementally
-**
-** ^This function is used to write data into an open [BLOB handle] from a
-** caller-supplied buffer. ^N bytes of data are copied from the buffer Z
-** into the open BLOB, starting at offset iOffset.
+** METHOD: sqlite3_blob
+**
+** ^(This function is used to write data into an open [BLOB handle] from a
+** caller-supplied buffer. N bytes of data are copied from the buffer Z
+** into the open BLOB, starting at offset iOffset.)^
+**
+** ^(On success, sqlite3_blob_write() returns SQLITE_OK.
+** Otherwise, an  [error code] or an [extended error code] is returned.)^
+** ^Unless SQLITE_MISUSE is returned, this function sets the 
+** [database connection] error code and message accessible via 
+** [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] and related functions. 
 **
 ** ^If the [BLOB handle] passed as the first argument was not opened for
 ** writing (the flags parameter to [sqlite3_blob_open()] was zero),
 ** this function returns [SQLITE_READONLY].
 **
-** ^This function may only modify the contents of the BLOB; it is
+** This function may only modify the contents of the BLOB; it is
 ** not possible to increase the size of a BLOB using this API.
 ** ^If offset iOffset is less than N bytes from the end of the BLOB,
-** [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written.  ^If N is
-** less than zero [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written.
-** The size of the BLOB (and hence the maximum value of N+iOffset)
-** can be determined using the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface.
+** [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written. The size of the 
+** BLOB (and hence the maximum value of N+iOffset) can be determined 
+** using the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface. ^If N or iOffset are less 
+** than zero [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written.
 **
 ** ^An attempt to write to an expired [BLOB handle] fails with an
 ** error code of [SQLITE_ABORT].  ^Writes to the BLOB that occurred
 ** before the [BLOB handle] expired are not rolled back by the
 ** expiration of the handle, though of course those changes might
 ** have been overwritten by the statement that expired the BLOB handle
 ** or by other independent statements.
 **
-** ^(On success, sqlite3_blob_write() returns SQLITE_OK.
-** Otherwise, an  [error code] or an [extended error code] is returned.)^
-**
 ** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
 ** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
 ** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()].  Passing any other pointer in
 ** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_blob_read()].
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_write(sqlite3_blob *, const void *z, int n, int iOffset);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_blob_write(sqlite3_blob *, const void *z, int n, int iOffset);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Virtual File System Objects
 **
 ** A virtual filesystem (VFS) is an [sqlite3_vfs] object
 ** that SQLite uses to interact
 ** with the underlying operating system.  Most SQLite builds come with a
 ** single default VFS that is appropriate for the host computer.
@@ -6143,149 +6344,150 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_write(sqlite
 ** same name are registered, the behavior is undefined.  If a
 ** VFS is registered with a name that is NULL or an empty string,
 ** then the behavior is undefined.
 **
 ** ^Unregister a VFS with the sqlite3_vfs_unregister() interface.
 ** ^(If the default VFS is unregistered, another VFS is chosen as
 ** the default.  The choice for the new VFS is arbitrary.)^
 */
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_vfs *sqlite3_vfs_find(const char *zVfsName);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_vfs*, int makeDflt);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_unregister(sqlite3_vfs*);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_vfs *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_vfs_find(const char *zVfsName);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_vfs*, int makeDflt);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_vfs_unregister(sqlite3_vfs*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Mutexes
 **
 ** The SQLite core uses these routines for thread
 ** synchronization. Though they are intended for internal
 ** use by SQLite, code that links against SQLite is
 ** permitted to use any of these routines.
 **
 ** The SQLite source code contains multiple implementations
 ** of these mutex routines.  An appropriate implementation
-** is selected automatically at compile-time.  ^(The following
+** is selected automatically at compile-time.  The following
 ** implementations are available in the SQLite core:
 **
 ** <ul>
 ** <li>   SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS
 ** <li>   SQLITE_MUTEX_W32
 ** <li>   SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP
-** </ul>)^
-**
-** ^The SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP implementation is a set of routines
+** </ul>
+**
+** The SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP implementation is a set of routines
 ** that does no real locking and is appropriate for use in
-** a single-threaded application.  ^The SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS and
+** a single-threaded application.  The SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS and
 ** SQLITE_MUTEX_W32 implementations are appropriate for use on Unix
 ** and Windows.
 **
-** ^(If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF preprocessor
+** If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF preprocessor
 ** macro defined (with "-DSQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF=1"), then no mutex
 ** implementation is included with the library. In this case the
 ** application must supply a custom mutex implementation using the
 ** [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX] option of the sqlite3_config() function
 ** before calling sqlite3_initialize() or any other public sqlite3_
-** function that calls sqlite3_initialize().)^
+** function that calls sqlite3_initialize().
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_mutex_alloc() routine allocates a new
-** mutex and returns a pointer to it. ^If it returns NULL
-** that means that a mutex could not be allocated.  ^SQLite
-** will unwind its stack and return an error.  ^(The argument
-** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
+** mutex and returns a pointer to it. ^The sqlite3_mutex_alloc()
+** routine returns NULL if it is unable to allocate the requested
+** mutex.  The argument to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() must one of these
+** integer constants:
 **
 ** <ul>
 ** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
 ** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
 ** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
 ** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
-** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2
+** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN
 ** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
 ** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
-** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2
-** </ul>)^
+** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM
+** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1
+** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2
+** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP3
+** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS1
+** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS2
+** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS3
+** </ul>
 **
 ** ^The first two constants (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST and SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE)
 ** cause sqlite3_mutex_alloc() to create
 ** a new mutex.  ^The new mutex is recursive when SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
 ** is used but not necessarily so when SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST is used.
 ** The mutex implementation does not need to make a distinction
 ** between SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE and SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST if it does
-** not want to.  ^SQLite will only request a recursive mutex in
-** cases where it really needs one.  ^If a faster non-recursive mutex
+** not want to.  SQLite will only request a recursive mutex in
+** cases where it really needs one.  If a faster non-recursive mutex
 ** implementation is available on the host platform, the mutex subsystem
 ** might return such a mutex in response to SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST.
 **
 ** ^The other allowed parameters to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() (anything other
 ** than SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST and SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) each return
-** a pointer to a static preexisting mutex.  ^Six static mutexes are
+** a pointer to a static preexisting mutex.  ^Nine static mutexes are
 ** used by the current version of SQLite.  Future versions of SQLite
 ** may add additional static mutexes.  Static mutexes are for internal
 ** use by SQLite only.  Applications that use SQLite mutexes should
 ** use only the dynamic mutexes returned by SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST or
 ** SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE.
 **
 ** ^Note that if one of the dynamic mutex parameters (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
 ** or SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) is used then sqlite3_mutex_alloc()
-** returns a different mutex on every call.  ^But for the static
+** returns a different mutex on every call.  ^For the static
 ** mutex types, the same mutex is returned on every call that has
 ** the same type number.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_mutex_free() routine deallocates a previously
-** allocated dynamic mutex.  ^SQLite is careful to deallocate every
-** dynamic mutex that it allocates.  The dynamic mutexes must not be in
-** use when they are deallocated.  Attempting to deallocate a static
-** mutex results in undefined behavior.  ^SQLite never deallocates
-** a static mutex.
+** allocated dynamic mutex.  Attempting to deallocate a static
+** mutex results in undefined behavior.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_mutex_enter() and sqlite3_mutex_try() routines attempt
 ** to enter a mutex.  ^If another thread is already within the mutex,
 ** sqlite3_mutex_enter() will block and sqlite3_mutex_try() will return
 ** SQLITE_BUSY.  ^The sqlite3_mutex_try() interface returns [SQLITE_OK]
 ** upon successful entry.  ^(Mutexes created using
 ** SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE can be entered multiple times by the same thread.
-** In such cases the,
+** In such cases, the
 ** mutex must be exited an equal number of times before another thread
-** can enter.)^  ^(If the same thread tries to enter any other
-** kind of mutex more than once, the behavior is undefined.
-** SQLite will never exhibit
-** such behavior in its own use of mutexes.)^
+** can enter.)^  If the same thread tries to enter any mutex other
+** than an SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE more than once, the behavior is undefined.
 **
 ** ^(Some systems (for example, Windows 95) do not support the operation
 ** implemented by sqlite3_mutex_try().  On those systems, sqlite3_mutex_try()
-** will always return SQLITE_BUSY.  The SQLite core only ever uses
-** sqlite3_mutex_try() as an optimization so this is acceptable behavior.)^
+** will always return SQLITE_BUSY. The SQLite core only ever uses
+** sqlite3_mutex_try() as an optimization so this is acceptable 
+** behavior.)^
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_mutex_leave() routine exits a mutex that was
-** previously entered by the same thread.   ^(The behavior
+** previously entered by the same thread.   The behavior
 ** is undefined if the mutex is not currently entered by the
-** calling thread or is not currently allocated.  SQLite will
-** never do either.)^
+** calling thread or is not currently allocated.
 **
 ** ^If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_enter(), sqlite3_mutex_try(), or
 ** sqlite3_mutex_leave() is a NULL pointer, then all three routines
 ** behave as no-ops.
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_mutex_held()] and [sqlite3_mutex_notheld()].
 */
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_mutex_alloc(int);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_free(sqlite3_mutex*);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3_mutex*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_try(sqlite3_mutex*);
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3_mutex*);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_mutex_alloc(int);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_mutex_free(sqlite3_mutex*);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3_mutex*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_mutex_try(sqlite3_mutex*);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3_mutex*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Mutex Methods Object
 **
 ** An instance of this structure defines the low-level routines
 ** used to allocate and use mutexes.
 **
 ** Usually, the default mutex implementations provided by SQLite are
-** sufficient, however the user has the option of substituting a custom
+** sufficient, however the application has the option of substituting a custom
 ** implementation for specialized deployments or systems for which SQLite
-** does not provide a suitable implementation. In this case, the user
+** does not provide a suitable implementation. In this case, the application
 ** creates and populates an instance of this structure to pass
 ** to sqlite3_config() along with the [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX] option.
 ** Additionally, an instance of this structure can be used as an
 ** output variable when querying the system for the current mutex
 ** implementation, using the [SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX] option.
 **
 ** ^The xMutexInit method defined by this structure is invoked as
 ** part of system initialization by the sqlite3_initialize() function.
@@ -6316,23 +6518,23 @@ SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqli
 ** The only difference is that the public sqlite3_XXX functions enumerated
 ** above silently ignore any invocations that pass a NULL pointer instead
 ** of a valid mutex handle. The implementations of the methods defined
 ** by this structure are not required to handle this case, the results
 ** of passing a NULL pointer instead of a valid mutex handle are undefined
 ** (i.e. it is acceptable to provide an implementation that segfaults if
 ** it is passed a NULL pointer).
 **
-** The xMutexInit() method must be threadsafe.  ^It must be harmless to
+** The xMutexInit() method must be threadsafe.  It must be harmless to
 ** invoke xMutexInit() multiple times within the same process and without
 ** intervening calls to xMutexEnd().  Second and subsequent calls to
 ** xMutexInit() must be no-ops.
 **
-** ^xMutexInit() must not use SQLite memory allocation ([sqlite3_malloc()]
-** and its associates).  ^Similarly, xMutexAlloc() must not use SQLite memory
+** xMutexInit() must not use SQLite memory allocation ([sqlite3_malloc()]
+** and its associates).  Similarly, xMutexAlloc() must not use SQLite memory
 ** allocation for a static mutex.  ^However xMutexAlloc() may use SQLite
 ** memory allocation for a fast or recursive mutex.
 **
 ** ^SQLite will invoke the xMutexEnd() method when [sqlite3_shutdown()] is
 ** called, but only if the prior call to xMutexInit returned SQLITE_OK.
 ** If xMutexInit fails in any way, it is expected to clean up after itself
 ** prior to returning.
 */
@@ -6348,44 +6550,44 @@ struct sqlite3_mutex_methods {
   int (*xMutexHeld)(sqlite3_mutex *);
   int (*xMutexNotheld)(sqlite3_mutex *);
 };
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Mutex Verification Routines
 **
 ** The sqlite3_mutex_held() and sqlite3_mutex_notheld() routines
-** are intended for use inside assert() statements.  ^The SQLite core
+** are intended for use inside assert() statements.  The SQLite core
 ** never uses these routines except inside an assert() and applications
-** are advised to follow the lead of the core.  ^The SQLite core only
+** are advised to follow the lead of the core.  The SQLite core only
 ** provides implementations for these routines when it is compiled
-** with the SQLITE_DEBUG flag.  ^External mutex implementations
+** with the SQLITE_DEBUG flag.  External mutex implementations
 ** are only required to provide these routines if SQLITE_DEBUG is
 ** defined and if NDEBUG is not defined.
 **
-** ^These routines should return true if the mutex in their argument
+** These routines should return true if the mutex in their argument
 ** is held or not held, respectively, by the calling thread.
 **
-** ^The implementation is not required to provide versions of these
+** The implementation is not required to provide versions of these
 ** routines that actually work. If the implementation does not provide working
 ** versions of these routines, it should at least provide stubs that always
 ** return true so that one does not get spurious assertion failures.
 **
-** ^If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_held() is a NULL pointer then
+** If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_held() is a NULL pointer then
 ** the routine should return 1.   This seems counter-intuitive since
 ** clearly the mutex cannot be held if it does not exist.  But
 ** the reason the mutex does not exist is because the build is not
 ** using mutexes.  And we do not want the assert() containing the
 ** call to sqlite3_mutex_held() to fail, so a non-zero return is
-** the appropriate thing to do.  ^The sqlite3_mutex_notheld()
+** the appropriate thing to do.  The sqlite3_mutex_notheld()
 ** interface should also return 1 when given a NULL pointer.
 */
 #ifndef NDEBUG
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_held(sqlite3_mutex*);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_notheld(sqlite3_mutex*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_mutex_held(sqlite3_mutex*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_mutex_notheld(sqlite3_mutex*);
 #endif
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Mutex Types
 **
 ** The [sqlite3_mutex_alloc()] interface takes a single argument
 ** which is one of these integer constants.
 **
@@ -6398,30 +6600,38 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_notheld(sql
 #define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER    2
 #define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM       3  /* sqlite3_malloc() */
 #define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2      4  /* NOT USED */
 #define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN      4  /* sqlite3BtreeOpen() */
 #define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG      5  /* sqlite3_random() */
 #define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU       6  /* lru page list */
 #define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2      7  /* NOT USED */
 #define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM      7  /* sqlite3PageMalloc() */
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1      8  /* For use by application */
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2      9  /* For use by application */
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP3     10  /* For use by application */
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS1     11  /* For use by built-in VFS */
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS2     12  /* For use by extension VFS */
+#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS3     13  /* For use by application VFS */
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Retrieve the mutex for a database connection
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^This interface returns a pointer the [sqlite3_mutex] object that 
 ** serializes access to the [database connection] given in the argument
 ** when the [threading mode] is Serialized.
 ** ^If the [threading mode] is Single-thread or Multi-thread then this
 ** routine returns a NULL pointer.
 */
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_db_mutex(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_db_mutex(sqlite3*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Low-Level Control Of Database Files
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The [sqlite3_file_control()] interface makes a direct call to the
 ** xFileControl method for the [sqlite3_io_methods] object associated
 ** with a particular database identified by the second argument. ^The
 ** name of the database is "main" for the main database or "temp" for the
 ** TEMP database, or the name that appears after the AS keyword for
 ** databases that are added using the [ATTACH] SQL command.
 ** ^A NULL pointer can be used in place of "main" to refer to the
@@ -6442,17 +6652,17 @@ SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_db_mut
 ** code is not remembered and will not be recalled by [sqlite3_errcode()]
 ** or [sqlite3_errmsg()].  The underlying xFileControl method might
 ** also return SQLITE_ERROR.  There is no way to distinguish between
 ** an incorrect zDbName and an SQLITE_ERROR return from the underlying
 ** xFileControl method.
 **
 ** See also: [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE]
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_file_control(sqlite3*, const char *zDbName, int op, void*);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_file_control(sqlite3*, const char *zDbName, int op, void*);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Testing Interface
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_test_control() interface is used to read out internal
 ** state of SQLite and to inject faults into SQLite for testing
 ** purposes.  ^The first parameter is an operation code that determines
 ** the number, meaning, and operation of all subsequent parameters.
@@ -6461,17 +6671,17 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_file_control(sqli
 ** for verifying the correct operation of the SQLite library.  Depending
 ** on how the SQLite library is compiled, this interface might not exist.
 **
 ** The details of the operation codes, their meanings, the parameters
 ** they take, and what they do are all subject to change without notice.
 ** Unlike most of the SQLite API, this function is not guaranteed to
 ** operate consistently from one release to the next.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_test_control(int op, ...);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_CDECL sqlite3_test_control(int op, ...);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Testing Interface Operation Codes
 **
 ** These constants are the valid operation code parameters used
 ** as the first argument to [sqlite3_test_control()].
 **
 ** These parameters and their meanings are subject to change
@@ -6489,49 +6699,58 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_test_control(int 
 #define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PENDING_BYTE            11
 #define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT                  12
 #define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS                  13
 #define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE                 14
 #define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS           15
 #define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16
 #define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17
 #define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19
-#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    19
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19  /* NOT USED */
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT           20
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE           21
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER               22
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISINIT                  23
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SORTER_MMAP             24
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER                25
+#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    25
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
 **
-** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
+** ^These interfaces are used to retrieve runtime status information
 ** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
 ** highwater marks.  ^The first argument is an integer code for
 ** the specific parameter to measure.  ^(Recognized integer codes
 ** are of the form [status parameters | SQLITE_STATUS_...].)^
 ** ^The current value of the parameter is returned into *pCurrent.
 ** ^The highest recorded value is returned in *pHighwater.  ^If the
 ** resetFlag is true, then the highest record value is reset after
 ** *pHighwater is written.  ^(Some parameters do not record the highest
 ** value.  For those parameters
 ** nothing is written into *pHighwater and the resetFlag is ignored.)^
 ** ^(Other parameters record only the highwater mark and not the current
 ** value.  For these latter parameters nothing is written into *pCurrent.)^
 **
-** ^The sqlite3_status() routine returns SQLITE_OK on success and a
-** non-zero [error code] on failure.
-**
-** This routine is threadsafe but is not atomic.  This routine can be
-** called while other threads are running the same or different SQLite
-** interfaces.  However the values returned in *pCurrent and
-** *pHighwater reflect the status of SQLite at different points in time
-** and it is possible that another thread might change the parameter
-** in between the times when *pCurrent and *pHighwater are written.
+** ^The sqlite3_status() and sqlite3_status64() routines return
+** SQLITE_OK on success and a non-zero [error code] on failure.
+**
+** If either the current value or the highwater mark is too large to
+** be represented by a 32-bit integer, then the values returned by
+** sqlite3_status() are undefined.
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_db_status()]
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_status(int op, int *pCurrent, int *pHighwater, int resetFlag);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_status(int op, int *pCurrent, int *pHighwater, int resetFlag);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_status64(
+  int op,
+  sqlite3_int64 *pCurrent,
+  sqlite3_int64 *pHighwater,
+  int resetFlag
+);
 
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Status Parameters
 ** KEYWORDS: {status parameters}
 **
 ** These integer constants designate various run-time status parameters
 ** that can be returned by [sqlite3_status()].
@@ -6600,17 +6819,18 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_status(int op, in
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE</dt>
 ** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
 ** handed to [scratch memory allocator].  Only the value returned in the
 ** *pHighwater parameter to [sqlite3_status()] is of interest.  
 ** The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined.</dd>)^
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter records the deepest parser stack.  It is only
+** <dd>The *pHighwater parameter records the deepest parser stack. 
+** The *pCurrent value is undefined.  The *pHighwater value is only
 ** meaningful if SQLite is compiled with [YYTRACKMAXSTACKDEPTH].</dd>)^
 ** </dl>
 **
 ** New status parameters may be added from time to time.
 */
 #define SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED          0
 #define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED       1
 #define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW   2
@@ -6619,16 +6839,17 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_status(int op, in
 #define SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE          5
 #define SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK         6
 #define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE       7
 #define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE         8
 #define SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT         9
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Status
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information 
 ** about a single [database connection].  ^The first argument is the
 ** database connection object to be interrogated.  ^The second argument
 ** is an integer constant, taken from the set of
 ** [SQLITE_DBSTATUS options], that
 ** determines the parameter to interrogate.  The set of 
 ** [SQLITE_DBSTATUS options] is likely
@@ -6639,17 +6860,17 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_status(int op, in
 ** the resetFlg is true, then the highest instantaneous value is
 ** reset back down to the current value.
 **
 ** ^The sqlite3_db_status() routine returns SQLITE_OK on success and a
 ** non-zero [error code] on failure.
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_status()] and [sqlite3_stmt_status()].
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_status(sqlite3*, int op, int *pCur, int *pHiwtr, int resetFlg);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_db_status(sqlite3*, int op, int *pCur, int *pHiwtr, int resetFlg);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Status Parameters for database connections
 ** KEYWORDS: {SQLITE_DBSTATUS options}
 **
 ** These constants are the available integer "verbs" that can be passed as
 ** the second argument to the [sqlite3_db_status()] interface.
 **
@@ -6681,31 +6902,31 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_status(sqlite3
 ** ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL</dt>
 ** <dd>This parameter returns the number malloc attempts that might have
 ** been satisfied using lookaside memory but failed due to all lookaside
 ** memory already being in use.
 ** Only the high-water value is meaningful;
 ** the current value is always zero.)^
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of of bytes of heap
+** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of bytes of heap
 ** memory used by all pager caches associated with the database connection.)^
 ** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED is always 0.
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of of bytes of heap
+** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of bytes of heap
 ** memory used to store the schema for all databases associated
 ** with the connection - main, temp, and any [ATTACH]-ed databases.)^ 
 ** ^The full amount of memory used by the schemas is reported, even if the
 ** schema memory is shared with other database connections due to
 ** [shared cache mode] being enabled.
 ** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED is always 0.
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED</dt>
-** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of of bytes of heap
+** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of bytes of heap
 ** and lookaside memory used by all prepared statements associated with
 ** the database connection.)^
 ** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED is always 0.
 ** </dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT</dt>
 ** <dd>This parameter returns the number of pager cache hits that have
 ** occurred.)^ ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT 
@@ -6723,33 +6944,41 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_status(sqlite3
 ** been written to disk. Specifically, the number of pages written to the
 ** wal file in wal mode databases, or the number of pages written to the
 ** database file in rollback mode databases. Any pages written as part of
 ** transaction rollback or database recovery operations are not included.
 ** If an IO or other error occurs while writing a page to disk, the effect
 ** on subsequent SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE requests is undefined.)^ ^The
 ** highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE is always 0.
 ** </dd>
+**
+** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS</dt>
+** <dd>This parameter returns zero for the current value if and only if
+** all foreign key constraints (deferred or immediate) have been
+** resolved.)^  ^The highwater mark is always 0.
+** </dd>
 ** </dl>
 */
 #define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED       0
 #define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED           1
 #define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED          2
 #define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED            3
 #define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT        4
 #define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE  5
 #define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL  6
 #define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT            7
 #define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS           8
 #define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE          9
-#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_MAX                  9   /* Largest defined DBSTATUS */
+#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS        10
+#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_MAX                 10   /* Largest defined DBSTATUS */
 
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Status
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
 **
 ** ^(Each prepared statement maintains various
 ** [SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counters] that measure the number
 ** of times it has performed specific operations.)^  These counters can
 ** be used to monitor the performance characteristics of the prepared
 ** statements.  For example, if the number of table steps greatly exceeds
 ** the number of table searches or result rows, that would tend to indicate
 ** that the prepared statement is using a full table scan rather than
@@ -6761,17 +6990,17 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_status(sqlite3
 ** is an integer code for a specific [SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counter]
 ** to be interrogated.)^
 ** ^The current value of the requested counter is returned.
 ** ^If the resetFlg is true, then the counter is reset to zero after this
 ** interface call returns.
 **
 ** See also: [sqlite3_status()] and [sqlite3_db_status()].
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_status(sqlite3_stmt*, int op,int resetFlg);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_stmt_status(sqlite3_stmt*, int op,int resetFlg);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Status Parameters for prepared statements
 ** KEYWORDS: {SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counter} {SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counters}
 **
 ** These preprocessor macros define integer codes that name counter
 ** values associated with the [sqlite3_stmt_status()] interface.
 ** The meanings of the various counters are as follows:
@@ -6789,21 +7018,31 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_status(sqlit
 ** improvement performance through careful use of indices.</dd>
 **
 ** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX</dt>
 ** <dd>^This is the number of rows inserted into transient indices that
 ** were created automatically in order to help joins run faster.
 ** A non-zero value in this counter may indicate an opportunity to
 ** improvement performance by adding permanent indices that do not
 ** need to be reinitialized each time the statement is run.</dd>
+**
+** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP</dt>
+** <dd>^This is the number of virtual machine operations executed
+** by the prepared statement if that number is less than or equal
+** to 2147483647.  The number of virtual machine operations can be 
+** used as a proxy for the total work done by the prepared statement.
+** If the number of virtual machine operations exceeds 2147483647
+** then the value returned by this statement status code is undefined.
+** </dd>
 ** </dl>
 */
 #define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP     1
 #define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT              2
 #define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX         3
+#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP           4
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Custom Page Cache Object
 **
 ** The sqlite3_pcache type is opaque.  It is implemented by
 ** the pluggable module.  The SQLite core has no knowledge of
 ** its size or internal structure and never deals with the
 ** sqlite3_pcache object except by holding and passing pointers
@@ -6930,17 +7169,17 @@ struct sqlite3_pcache_page {
 **
 ** If the requested page is already in the page cache, then the page cache
 ** implementation must return a pointer to the page buffer with its content
 ** intact.  If the requested page is not already in the cache, then the
 ** cache implementation should use the value of the createFlag
 ** parameter to help it determined what action to take:
 **
 ** <table border=1 width=85% align=center>
-** <tr><th> createFlag <th> Behaviour when page is not already in cache
+** <tr><th> createFlag <th> Behavior when page is not already in cache
 ** <tr><td> 0 <td> Do not allocate a new page.  Return NULL.
 ** <tr><td> 1 <td> Allocate a new page if it easy and convenient to do so.
 **                 Otherwise return NULL.
 ** <tr><td> 2 <td> Make every effort to allocate a new page.  Only return
 **                 NULL if allocating a new page is effectively impossible.
 ** </table>
 **
 ** ^(SQLite will normally invoke xFetch() with a createFlag of 0 or 1.  SQLite
@@ -7078,16 +7317,20 @@ typedef struct sqlite3_backup sqlite3_ba
 ** an [ATTACH] statement for an attached database.
 ** ^The S and M arguments passed to 
 ** sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M) identify the [database connection]
 ** and database name of the source database, respectively.
 ** ^The source and destination [database connections] (parameters S and D)
 ** must be different or else sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M) will fail with
 ** an error.
 **
+** ^A call to sqlite3_backup_init() will fail, returning SQLITE_ERROR, if 
+** there is already a read or read-write transaction open on the 
+** destination database.
+**
 ** ^If an error occurs within sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M), then NULL is
 ** returned and an error code and error message are stored in the
 ** destination [database connection] D.
 ** ^The error code and message for the failed call to sqlite3_backup_init()
 ** can be retrieved using the [sqlite3_errcode()], [sqlite3_errmsg()], and/or
 ** [sqlite3_errmsg16()] functions.
 ** ^A successful call to sqlite3_backup_init() returns a pointer to an
 ** [sqlite3_backup] object.
@@ -7170,30 +7413,30 @@ typedef struct sqlite3_backup sqlite3_ba
 ** ^If an out-of-memory condition or IO error occurred during any prior
 ** sqlite3_backup_step() call on the same [sqlite3_backup] object, then
 ** sqlite3_backup_finish() returns the corresponding [error code].
 **
 ** ^A return of [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_LOCKED] from sqlite3_backup_step()
 ** is not a permanent error and does not affect the return value of
 ** sqlite3_backup_finish().
 **
-** [[sqlite3_backup__remaining()]] [[sqlite3_backup_pagecount()]]
+** [[sqlite3_backup_remaining()]] [[sqlite3_backup_pagecount()]]
 ** <b>sqlite3_backup_remaining() and sqlite3_backup_pagecount()</b>
 **
-** ^Each call to sqlite3_backup_step() sets two values inside
-** the [sqlite3_backup] object: the number of pages still to be backed
-** up and the total number of pages in the source database file.
-** The sqlite3_backup_remaining() and sqlite3_backup_pagecount() interfaces
-** retrieve these two values, respectively.
-**
-** ^The values returned by these functions are only updated by
-** sqlite3_backup_step(). ^If the source database is modified during a backup
-** operation, then the values are not updated to account for any extra
-** pages that need to be updated or the size of the source database file
-** changing.
+** ^The sqlite3_backup_remaining() routine returns the number of pages still
+** to be backed up at the conclusion of the most recent sqlite3_backup_step().
+** ^The sqlite3_backup_pagecount() routine returns the total number of pages
+** in the source database at the conclusion of the most recent
+** sqlite3_backup_step().
+** ^(The values returned by these functions are only updated by
+** sqlite3_backup_step(). If the source database is modified in a way that
+** changes the size of the source database or the number of pages remaining,
+** those changes are not reflected in the output of sqlite3_backup_pagecount()
+** and sqlite3_backup_remaining() until after the next
+** sqlite3_backup_step().)^
 **
 ** <b>Concurrent Usage of Database Handles</b>
 **
 ** ^The source [database connection] may be used by the application for other
 ** purposes while a backup operation is underway or being initialized.
 ** ^If SQLite is compiled and configured to support threadsafe database
 ** connections, then the source database connection may be used concurrently
 ** from within other threads.
@@ -7216,29 +7459,30 @@ typedef struct sqlite3_backup sqlite3_ba
 **
 ** The [sqlite3_backup] object itself is partially threadsafe. Multiple 
 ** threads may safely make multiple concurrent calls to sqlite3_backup_step().
 ** However, the sqlite3_backup_remaining() and sqlite3_backup_pagecount()
 ** APIs are not strictly speaking threadsafe. If they are invoked at the
 ** same time as another thread is invoking sqlite3_backup_step() it is
 ** possible that they return invalid values.
 */
-SQLITE_API sqlite3_backup *sqlite3_backup_init(
+SQLITE_API sqlite3_backup *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_backup_init(
   sqlite3 *pDest,                        /* Destination database handle */
   const char *zDestName,                 /* Destination database name */
   sqlite3 *pSource,                      /* Source database handle */
   const char *zSourceName                /* Source database name */
 );
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_step(sqlite3_backup *p, int nPage);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_finish(sqlite3_backup *p);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_remaining(sqlite3_backup *p);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_pagecount(sqlite3_backup *p);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_backup_step(sqlite3_backup *p, int nPage);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_backup_finish(sqlite3_backup *p);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_backup_remaining(sqlite3_backup *p);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_backup_pagecount(sqlite3_backup *p);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Unlock Notification
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^When running in shared-cache mode, a database operation may fail with
 ** an [SQLITE_LOCKED] error if the required locks on the shared-cache or
 ** individual tables within the shared-cache cannot be obtained. See
 ** [SQLite Shared-Cache Mode] for a description of shared-cache locking. 
 ** ^This API may be used to register a callback that SQLite will invoke 
 ** when the connection currently holding the required lock relinquishes it.
 ** ^This API is only available if the library was compiled with the
@@ -7341,38 +7585,78 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_pagecount(
 ** or "DROP INDEX" query, an infinite loop might be the result.
 **
 ** One way around this problem is to check the extended error code returned
 ** by an sqlite3_step() call. ^(If there is a blocking connection, then the
 ** extended error code is set to SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE. Otherwise, in
 ** the special "DROP TABLE/INDEX" case, the extended error code is just 
 ** SQLITE_LOCKED.)^
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_unlock_notify(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_unlock_notify(
   sqlite3 *pBlocked,                          /* Waiting connection */
   void (*xNotify)(void **apArg, int nArg),    /* Callback function to invoke */
   void *pNotifyArg                            /* Argument to pass to xNotify */
 );
 
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: String Comparison
 **
 ** ^The [sqlite3_stricmp()] and [sqlite3_strnicmp()] APIs allow applications
 ** and extensions to compare the contents of two buffers containing UTF-8
 ** strings in a case-independent fashion, using the same definition of "case
 ** independence" that SQLite uses internally when comparing identifiers.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stricmp(const char *, const char *);
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_strnicmp(const char *, const char *, int);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_stricmp(const char *, const char *);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_strnicmp(const char *, const char *, int);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: String Globbing
+*
+** ^The [sqlite3_strglob(P,X)] interface returns zero if and only if
+** string X matches the [GLOB] pattern P.
+** ^The definition of [GLOB] pattern matching used in
+** [sqlite3_strglob(P,X)] is the same as for the "X GLOB P" operator in the
+** SQL dialect understood by SQLite.  ^The [sqlite3_strglob(P,X)] function
+** is case sensitive.
+**
+** Note that this routine returns zero on a match and non-zero if the strings
+** do not match, the same as [sqlite3_stricmp()] and [sqlite3_strnicmp()].
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_strlike()].
+*/
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_strglob(const char *zGlob, const char *zStr);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: String LIKE Matching
+*
+** ^The [sqlite3_strlike(P,X,E)] interface returns zero if and only if
+** string X matches the [LIKE] pattern P with escape character E.
+** ^The definition of [LIKE] pattern matching used in
+** [sqlite3_strlike(P,X,E)] is the same as for the "X LIKE P ESCAPE E"
+** operator in the SQL dialect understood by SQLite.  ^For "X LIKE P" without
+** the ESCAPE clause, set the E parameter of [sqlite3_strlike(P,X,E)] to 0.
+** ^As with the LIKE operator, the [sqlite3_strlike(P,X,E)] function is case
+** insensitive - equivalent upper and lower case ASCII characters match
+** one another.
+**
+** ^The [sqlite3_strlike(P,X,E)] function matches Unicode characters, though
+** only ASCII characters are case folded.
+**
+** Note that this routine returns zero on a match and non-zero if the strings
+** do not match, the same as [sqlite3_stricmp()] and [sqlite3_strnicmp()].
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_strglob()].
+*/
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_strlike(const char *zGlob, const char *zStr, unsigned int cEsc);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Error Logging Interface
 **
-** ^The [sqlite3_log()] interface writes a message into the error log
+** ^The [sqlite3_log()] interface writes a message into the [error log]
 ** established by the [SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG] option to [sqlite3_config()].
 ** ^If logging is enabled, the zFormat string and subsequent arguments are
 ** used with [sqlite3_snprintf()] to generate the final output string.
 **
 ** The sqlite3_log() interface is intended for use by extensions such as
 ** virtual tables, collating functions, and SQL functions.  While there is
 ** nothing to prevent an application from calling sqlite3_log(), doing so
 ** is considered bad form.
@@ -7380,28 +7664,27 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_strnicmp(const ch
 ** The zFormat string must not be NULL.
 **
 ** To avoid deadlocks and other threading problems, the sqlite3_log() routine
 ** will not use dynamically allocated memory.  The log message is stored in
 ** a fixed-length buffer on the stack.  If the log message is longer than
 ** a few hundred characters, it will be truncated to the length of the
 ** buffer.
 */
-SQLITE_API void sqlite3_log(int iErrCode, const char *zFormat, ...);
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_CDECL sqlite3_log(int iErrCode, const char *zFormat, ...);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Write-Ahead Log Commit Hook
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The [sqlite3_wal_hook()] function is used to register a callback that
-** will be invoked each time a database connection commits data to a
-** [write-ahead log] (i.e. whenever a transaction is committed in
-** [journal_mode | journal_mode=WAL mode]). 
-**
-** ^The callback is invoked by SQLite after the commit has taken place and 
-** the associated write-lock on the database released, so the implementation 
+** is invoked each time data is committed to a database in wal mode.
+**
+** ^(The callback is invoked by SQLite after the commit has taken place and 
+** the associated write-lock on the database released)^, so the implementation 
 ** may read, write or [checkpoint] the database as required.
 **
 ** ^The first parameter passed to the callback function when it is invoked
 ** is a copy of the third parameter passed to sqlite3_wal_hook() when
 ** registering the callback. ^The second is a copy of the database handle.
 ** ^The third parameter is the name of the database that was written to -
 ** either "main" or the name of an [ATTACH]-ed database. ^The fourth parameter
 ** is the number of pages currently in the write-ahead log file,
@@ -7417,24 +7700,25 @@ SQLITE_API void sqlite3_log(int iErrCode
 **
 ** A single database handle may have at most a single write-ahead log callback 
 ** registered at one time. ^Calling [sqlite3_wal_hook()] replaces any
 ** previously registered write-ahead log callback. ^Note that the
 ** [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint()] interface and the
 ** [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] both invoke [sqlite3_wal_hook()] and will
 ** those overwrite any prior [sqlite3_wal_hook()] settings.
 */
-SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_wal_hook(
+SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_wal_hook(
   sqlite3*, 
   int(*)(void *,sqlite3*,const char*,int),
   void*
 );
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Configure an auto-checkpoint
+** METHOD: sqlite3
 **
 ** ^The [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(D,N)] is a wrapper around
 ** [sqlite3_wal_hook()] that causes any database on [database connection] D
 ** to automatically [checkpoint]
 ** after committing a transaction if there are N or
 ** more frames in the [write-ahead log] file.  ^Passing zero or 
 ** a negative value as the nFrame parameter disables automatic
 ** checkpoints entirely.
@@ -7442,147 +7726,178 @@ SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_wal_hook(
 ** ^The callback registered by this function replaces any existing callback
 ** registered using [sqlite3_wal_hook()].  ^Likewise, registering a callback
 ** using [sqlite3_wal_hook()] disables the automatic checkpoint mechanism
 ** configured by this function.
 **
 ** ^The [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] can be used to invoke this interface
 ** from SQL.
 **
+** ^Checkpoints initiated by this mechanism are
+** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2|PASSIVE].
+**
 ** ^Every new [database connection] defaults to having the auto-checkpoint
 ** enabled with a threshold of 1000 or [SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT]
 ** pages.  The use of this interface
 ** is only necessary if the default setting is found to be suboptimal
 ** for a particular application.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(sqlite3 *db, int N);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(sqlite3 *db, int N);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
-**
-** ^The [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X)] interface causes database named X
-** on [database connection] D to be [checkpointed].  ^If X is NULL or an
-** empty string, then a checkpoint is run on all databases of
-** connection D.  ^If the database connection D is not in
-** [WAL | write-ahead log mode] then this interface is a harmless no-op.
-**
-** ^The [wal_checkpoint pragma] can be used to invoke this interface
-** from SQL.  ^The [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint()] interface and the
-** [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] can be used to cause this interface to be
-** run whenever the WAL reaches a certain size threshold.
-**
-** See also: [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb);
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** ^(The sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X) is equivalent to
+** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2](D,X,[SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE],0,0).)^
+**
+** In brief, sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X) causes the content in the 
+** [write-ahead log] for database X on [database connection] D to be
+** transferred into the database file and for the write-ahead log to
+** be reset.  See the [checkpointing] documentation for addition
+** information.
+**
+** This interface used to be the only way to cause a checkpoint to
+** occur.  But then the newer and more powerful [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
+** interface was added.  This interface is retained for backwards
+** compatibility and as a convenience for applications that need to manually
+** start a callback but which do not need the full power (and corresponding
+** complication) of [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()].
+*/
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
-**
-** Run a checkpoint operation on WAL database zDb attached to database 
-** handle db. The specific operation is determined by the value of the 
-** eMode parameter:
+** METHOD: sqlite3
+**
+** ^(The sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2(D,X,M,L,C) interface runs a checkpoint
+** operation on database X of [database connection] D in mode M.  Status
+** information is written back into integers pointed to by L and C.)^
+** ^(The M parameter must be a valid [checkpoint mode]:)^
 **
 ** <dl>
 ** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE<dd>
-**   Checkpoint as many frames as possible without waiting for any database 
-**   readers or writers to finish. Sync the db file if all frames in the log
-**   are checkpointed. This mode is the same as calling 
-**   sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(). The busy-handler callback is never invoked.
+**   ^Checkpoint as many frames as possible without waiting for any database 
+**   readers or writers to finish, then sync the database file if all frames 
+**   in the log were checkpointed. ^The [busy-handler callback]
+**   is never invoked in the SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE mode.  
+**   ^On the other hand, passive mode might leave the checkpoint unfinished
+**   if there are concurrent readers or writers.
 **
 ** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL<dd>
-**   This mode blocks (calls the busy-handler callback) until there is no
+**   ^This mode blocks (it invokes the
+**   [sqlite3_busy_handler|busy-handler callback]) until there is no
 **   database writer and all readers are reading from the most recent database
-**   snapshot. It then checkpoints all frames in the log file and syncs the
-**   database file. This call blocks database writers while it is running,
-**   but not database readers.
+**   snapshot. ^It then checkpoints all frames in the log file and syncs the
+**   database file. ^This mode blocks new database writers while it is pending,
+**   but new database readers are allowed to continue unimpeded.
 **
 ** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART<dd>
-**   This mode works the same way as SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL, except after 
-**   checkpointing the log file it blocks (calls the busy-handler callback)
-**   until all readers are reading from the database file only. This ensures 
-**   that the next client to write to the database file restarts the log file 
-**   from the beginning. This call blocks database writers while it is running,
-**   but not database readers.
+**   ^This mode works the same way as SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL with the addition
+**   that after checkpointing the log file it blocks (calls the 
+**   [busy-handler callback])
+**   until all readers are reading from the database file only. ^This ensures 
+**   that the next writer will restart the log file from the beginning.
+**   ^Like SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL, this mode blocks new
+**   database writer attempts while it is pending, but does not impede readers.
+**
+** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_TRUNCATE<dd>
+**   ^This mode works the same way as SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART with the
+**   addition that it also truncates the log file to zero bytes just prior
+**   to a successful return.
 ** </dl>
 **
-** If pnLog is not NULL, then *pnLog is set to the total number of frames in
-** the log file before returning. If pnCkpt is not NULL, then *pnCkpt is set to
-** the total number of checkpointed frames (including any that were already
-** checkpointed when this function is called). *pnLog and *pnCkpt may be
-** populated even if sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2() returns other than SQLITE_OK.
-** If no values are available because of an error, they are both set to -1
-** before returning to communicate this to the caller.
-**
-** All calls obtain an exclusive "checkpoint" lock on the database file. If
+** ^If pnLog is not NULL, then *pnLog is set to the total number of frames in
+** the log file or to -1 if the checkpoint could not run because
+** of an error or because the database is not in [WAL mode]. ^If pnCkpt is not
+** NULL,then *pnCkpt is set to the total number of checkpointed frames in the
+** log file (including any that were already checkpointed before the function
+** was called) or to -1 if the checkpoint could not run due to an error or
+** because the database is not in WAL mode. ^Note that upon successful
+** completion of an SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_TRUNCATE, the log file will have been
+** truncated to zero bytes and so both *pnLog and *pnCkpt will be set to zero.
+**
+** ^All calls obtain an exclusive "checkpoint" lock on the database file. ^If
 ** any other process is running a checkpoint operation at the same time, the 
-** lock cannot be obtained and SQLITE_BUSY is returned. Even if there is a 
+** lock cannot be obtained and SQLITE_BUSY is returned. ^Even if there is a 
 ** busy-handler configured, it will not be invoked in this case.
 **
-** The SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL and RESTART modes also obtain the exclusive 
-** "writer" lock on the database file. If the writer lock cannot be obtained
-** immediately, and a busy-handler is configured, it is invoked and the writer
-** lock retried until either the busy-handler returns 0 or the lock is
-** successfully obtained. The busy-handler is also invoked while waiting for
-** database readers as described above. If the busy-handler returns 0 before
+** ^The SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL, RESTART and TRUNCATE modes also obtain the 
+** exclusive "writer" lock on the database file. ^If the writer lock cannot be
+** obtained immediately, and a busy-handler is configured, it is invoked and
+** the writer lock retried until either the busy-handler returns 0 or the lock
+** is successfully obtained. ^The busy-handler is also invoked while waiting for
+** database readers as described above. ^If the busy-handler returns 0 before
 ** the writer lock is obtained or while waiting for database readers, the
 ** checkpoint operation proceeds from that point in the same way as 
 ** SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE - checkpointing as many frames as possible 
-** without blocking any further. SQLITE_BUSY is returned in this case.
-**
-** If parameter zDb is NULL or points to a zero length string, then the
-** specified operation is attempted on all WAL databases. In this case the
-** values written to output parameters *pnLog and *pnCkpt are undefined. If 
+** without blocking any further. ^SQLITE_BUSY is returned in this case.
+**
+** ^If parameter zDb is NULL or points to a zero length string, then the
+** specified operation is attempted on all WAL databases [attached] to 
+** [database connection] db.  In this case the
+** values written to output parameters *pnLog and *pnCkpt are undefined. ^If 
 ** an SQLITE_BUSY error is encountered when processing one or more of the 
 ** attached WAL databases, the operation is still attempted on any remaining 
-** attached databases and SQLITE_BUSY is returned to the caller. If any other 
+** attached databases and SQLITE_BUSY is returned at the end. ^If any other 
 ** error occurs while processing an attached database, processing is abandoned 
-** and the error code returned to the caller immediately. If no error 
+** and the error code is returned to the caller immediately. ^If no error 
 ** (SQLITE_BUSY or otherwise) is encountered while processing the attached 
 ** databases, SQLITE_OK is returned.
 **
-** If database zDb is the name of an attached database that is not in WAL
-** mode, SQLITE_OK is returned and both *pnLog and *pnCkpt set to -1. If
+** ^If database zDb is the name of an attached database that is not in WAL
+** mode, SQLITE_OK is returned and both *pnLog and *pnCkpt set to -1. ^If
 ** zDb is not NULL (or a zero length string) and is not the name of any
 ** attached database, SQLITE_ERROR is returned to the caller.
-*/
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2(
+**
+** ^Unless it returns SQLITE_MISUSE,
+** the sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2() interface
+** sets the error information that is queried by
+** [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()].
+**
+** ^The [PRAGMA wal_checkpoint] command can be used to invoke this interface
+** from SQL.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2(
   sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
   const char *zDb,                /* Name of attached database (or NULL) */
   int eMode,                      /* SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_* value */
   int *pnLog,                     /* OUT: Size of WAL log in frames */
   int *pnCkpt                     /* OUT: Total number of frames checkpointed */
 );
 
 /*
-** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint operation parameters
-**
-** These constants can be used as the 3rd parameter to
-** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()].  See the [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
-** documentation for additional information about the meaning and use of
-** each of these values.
-*/
-#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE 0
-#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL    1
-#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART 2
+** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint Mode Values
+** KEYWORDS: {checkpoint mode}
+**
+** These constants define all valid values for the "checkpoint mode" passed
+** as the third parameter to the [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()] interface.
+** See the [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()] documentation for details on the
+** meaning of each of these checkpoint modes.
+*/
+#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE  0  /* Do as much as possible w/o blocking */
+#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL     1  /* Wait for writers, then checkpoint */
+#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART  2  /* Like FULL but wait for for readers */
+#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_TRUNCATE 3  /* Like RESTART but also truncate WAL */
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Interface Configuration
 **
 ** This function may be called by either the [xConnect] or [xCreate] method
 ** of a [virtual table] implementation to configure
 ** various facets of the virtual table interface.
 **
 ** If this interface is invoked outside the context of an xConnect or
 ** xCreate virtual table method then the behavior is undefined.
 **
 ** At present, there is only one option that may be configured using
 ** this function. (See [SQLITE_VTAB_CONSTRAINT_SUPPORT].)  Further options
 ** may be added in the future.
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_config(sqlite3*, int op, ...);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_CDECL sqlite3_vtab_config(sqlite3*, int op, ...);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Configuration Options
 **
 ** These macros define the various options to the
 ** [sqlite3_vtab_config()] interface that [virtual table] implementations
 ** can use to customize and optimize their behavior.
 **
@@ -7625,49 +7940,275 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_config(sqlit
 **
 ** This function may only be called from within a call to the [xUpdate] method
 ** of a [virtual table] implementation for an INSERT or UPDATE operation. ^The
 ** value returned is one of [SQLITE_ROLLBACK], [SQLITE_IGNORE], [SQLITE_FAIL],
 ** [SQLITE_ABORT], or [SQLITE_REPLACE], according to the [ON CONFLICT] mode
 ** of the SQL statement that triggered the call to the [xUpdate] method of the
 ** [virtual table].
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(sqlite3 *);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(sqlite3 *);
 
 /*
 ** CAPI3REF: Conflict resolution modes
+** KEYWORDS: {conflict resolution mode}
 **
 ** These constants are returned by [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] to
 ** inform a [virtual table] implementation what the [ON CONFLICT] mode
 ** is for the SQL statement being evaluated.
 **
 ** Note that the [SQLITE_IGNORE] constant is also used as a potential
 ** return value from the [sqlite3_set_authorizer()] callback and that
 ** [SQLITE_ABORT] is also a [result code].
 */
 #define SQLITE_ROLLBACK 1
 /* #define SQLITE_IGNORE 2 // Also used by sqlite3_authorizer() callback */
 #define SQLITE_FAIL     3
 /* #define SQLITE_ABORT 4  // Also an error code */
 #define SQLITE_REPLACE  5
 
-
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Scan Status Opcodes
+** KEYWORDS: {scanstatus options}
+**
+** The following constants can be used for the T parameter to the
+** [sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(S,X,T,V)] interface.  Each constant designates a
+** different metric for sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus() to return.
+**
+** When the value returned to V is a string, space to hold that string is
+** managed by the prepared statement S and will be automatically freed when
+** S is finalized.
+**
+** <dl>
+** [[SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NLOOP]] <dt>SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NLOOP</dt>
+** <dd>^The [sqlite3_int64] variable pointed to by the T parameter will be
+** set to the total number of times that the X-th loop has run.</dd>
+**
+** [[SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NVISIT]] <dt>SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NVISIT</dt>
+** <dd>^The [sqlite3_int64] variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set
+** to the total number of rows examined by all iterations of the X-th loop.</dd>
+**
+** [[SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EST]] <dt>SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EST</dt>
+** <dd>^The "double" variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set to the
+** query planner's estimate for the average number of rows output from each
+** iteration of the X-th loop.  If the query planner's estimates was accurate,
+** then this value will approximate the quotient NVISIT/NLOOP and the
+** product of this value for all prior loops with the same SELECTID will
+** be the NLOOP value for the current loop.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NAME]] <dt>SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NAME</dt>
+** <dd>^The "const char *" variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set
+** to a zero-terminated UTF-8 string containing the name of the index or table
+** used for the X-th loop.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EXPLAIN]] <dt>SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EXPLAIN</dt>
+** <dd>^The "const char *" variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set
+** to a zero-terminated UTF-8 string containing the [EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN]
+** description for the X-th loop.
+**
+** [[SQLITE_SCANSTAT_SELECTID]] <dt>SQLITE_SCANSTAT_SELECT</dt>
+** <dd>^The "int" variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set to the
+** "select-id" for the X-th loop.  The select-id identifies which query or
+** subquery the loop is part of.  The main query has a select-id of zero.
+** The select-id is the same value as is output in the first column
+** of an [EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN] query.
+** </dl>
+*/
+#define SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NLOOP    0
+#define SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NVISIT   1
+#define SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EST      2
+#define SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NAME     3
+#define SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EXPLAIN  4
+#define SQLITE_SCANSTAT_SELECTID 5
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Scan Status
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
+**
+** This interface returns information about the predicted and measured
+** performance for pStmt.  Advanced applications can use this
+** interface to compare the predicted and the measured performance and
+** issue warnings and/or rerun [ANALYZE] if discrepancies are found.
+**
+** Since this interface is expected to be rarely used, it is only
+** available if SQLite is compiled using the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS]
+** compile-time option.
+**
+** The "iScanStatusOp" parameter determines which status information to return.
+** The "iScanStatusOp" must be one of the [scanstatus options] or the behavior
+** of this interface is undefined.
+** ^The requested measurement is written into a variable pointed to by
+** the "pOut" parameter.
+** Parameter "idx" identifies the specific loop to retrieve statistics for.
+** Loops are numbered starting from zero. ^If idx is out of range - less than
+** zero or greater than or equal to the total number of loops used to implement
+** the statement - a non-zero value is returned and the variable that pOut
+** points to is unchanged.
+**
+** ^Statistics might not be available for all loops in all statements. ^In cases
+** where there exist loops with no available statistics, this function behaves
+** as if the loop did not exist - it returns non-zero and leave the variable
+** that pOut points to unchanged.
+**
+** See also: [sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus_reset()]
+*/
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(
+  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt,      /* Prepared statement for which info desired */
+  int idx,                  /* Index of loop to report on */
+  int iScanStatusOp,        /* Information desired.  SQLITE_SCANSTAT_* */
+  void *pOut                /* Result written here */
+);     
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Zero Scan-Status Counters
+** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
+**
+** ^Zero all [sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus()] related event counters.
+**
+** This API is only available if the library is built with pre-processor
+** symbol [SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS] defined.
+*/
+SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus_reset(sqlite3_stmt*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Flush caches to disk mid-transaction
+**
+** ^If a write-transaction is open on [database connection] D when the
+** [sqlite3_db_cacheflush(D)] interface invoked, any dirty
+** pages in the pager-cache that are not currently in use are written out 
+** to disk. A dirty page may be in use if a database cursor created by an
+** active SQL statement is reading from it, or if it is page 1 of a database
+** file (page 1 is always "in use").  ^The [sqlite3_db_cacheflush(D)]
+** interface flushes caches for all schemas - "main", "temp", and
+** any [attached] databases.
+**
+** ^If this function needs to obtain extra database locks before dirty pages 
+** can be flushed to disk, it does so. ^If those locks cannot be obtained 
+** immediately and there is a busy-handler callback configured, it is invoked
+** in the usual manner. ^If the required lock still cannot be obtained, then
+** the database is skipped and an attempt made to flush any dirty pages
+** belonging to the next (if any) database. ^If any databases are skipped
+** because locks cannot be obtained, but no other error occurs, this
+** function returns SQLITE_BUSY.
+**
+** ^If any other error occurs while flushing dirty pages to disk (for
+** example an IO error or out-of-memory condition), then processing is
+** abandoned and an SQLite [error code] is returned to the caller immediately.
+**
+** ^Otherwise, if no error occurs, [sqlite3_db_cacheflush()] returns SQLITE_OK.
+**
+** ^This function does not set the database handle error code or message
+** returned by the [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] functions.
+*/
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_db_cacheflush(sqlite3*);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Database Snapshot
+** KEYWORDS: {snapshot}
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** An instance of the snapshot object records the state of a [WAL mode]
+** database for some specific point in history.
+**
+** In [WAL mode], multiple [database connections] that are open on the
+** same database file can each be reading a different historical version
+** of the database file.  When a [database connection] begins a read
+** transaction, that connection sees an unchanging copy of the database
+** as it existed for the point in time when the transaction first started.
+** Subsequent changes to the database from other connections are not seen
+** by the reader until a new read transaction is started.
+**
+** The sqlite3_snapshot object records state information about an historical
+** version of the database file so that it is possible to later open a new read
+** transaction that sees that historical version of the database rather than
+** the most recent version.
+**
+** The constructor for this object is [sqlite3_snapshot_get()].  The
+** [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] method causes a fresh read transaction to refer
+** to an historical snapshot (if possible).  The destructor for 
+** sqlite3_snapshot objects is [sqlite3_snapshot_free()].
+*/
+typedef struct sqlite3_snapshot sqlite3_snapshot;
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Record A Database Snapshot
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface attempts to make a
+** new [sqlite3_snapshot] object that records the current state of
+** schema S in database connection D.  ^On success, the
+** [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface writes a pointer to the newly
+** created [sqlite3_snapshot] object into *P and returns SQLITE_OK.
+** ^If schema S of [database connection] D is not a [WAL mode] database
+** that is in a read transaction, then [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)]
+** leaves the *P value unchanged and returns an appropriate [error code].
+**
+** The [sqlite3_snapshot] object returned from a successful call to
+** [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] must be freed using [sqlite3_snapshot_free()]
+** to avoid a memory leak.
+**
+** The [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] interface is only available when the
+** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_snapshot_get(
+  sqlite3 *db,
+  const char *zSchema,
+  sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Start a read transaction on an historical snapshot
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_open(D,S,P)] interface attempts to move the
+** read transaction that is currently open on schema S of
+** [database connection] D so that it refers to historical [snapshot] P.
+** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] interface returns SQLITE_OK on success
+** or an appropriate [error code] if it fails.
+**
+** ^In order to succeed, a call to [sqlite3_snapshot_open(D,S,P)] must be
+** the first operation, apart from other sqlite3_snapshot_open() calls,
+** following the [BEGIN] that starts a new read transaction.
+** ^A [snapshot] will fail to open if it has been overwritten by a 
+** [checkpoint].  
+**
+** The [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] interface is only available when the
+** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_snapshot_open(
+  sqlite3 *db,
+  const char *zSchema,
+  sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot
+);
+
+/*
+** CAPI3REF: Destroy a snapshot
+** EXPERIMENTAL
+**
+** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_free(P)] interface destroys [sqlite3_snapshot] P.
+** The application must eventually free every [sqlite3_snapshot] object
+** using this routine to avoid a memory leak.
+**
+** The [sqlite3_snapshot_free()] interface is only available when the
+** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
+*/
+SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_snapshot_free(sqlite3_snapshot*);
 
 /*
 ** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
 ** builds on processors without floating point support.
 */
 #ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
 # undef double
 #endif
 
 #if 0
 }  /* End of the 'extern "C"' block */
 #endif
-#endif
+#endif /* _SQLITE3_H_ */
 
 /*
 ** 2010 August 30
 **
 ** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
 ** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
 **
 **    May you do good and not evil.
@@ -7681,71 +8222,1194 @@ SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(
 #define _SQLITE3RTREE_H_
 
 
 #if 0
 extern "C" {
 #endif
 
 typedef struct sqlite3_rtree_geometry sqlite3_rtree_geometry;
+typedef struct sqlite3_rtree_query_info sqlite3_rtree_query_info;
+
+/* The double-precision datatype used by RTree depends on the
+** SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY compile-time option.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
+  typedef sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_rtree_dbl;
+#else
+  typedef double sqlite3_rtree_dbl;
+#endif
 
 /*
 ** Register a geometry callback named zGeom that can be used as part of an
 ** R-Tree geometry query as follows:
 **
 **   SELECT ... FROM <rtree> WHERE <rtree col> MATCH $zGeom(... params ...)
 */
-SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback(
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback(
   sqlite3 *db,
   const char *zGeom,
-#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
-  int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*, int n, sqlite3_int64 *a, int *pRes),
-#else
-  int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*, int n, double *a, int *pRes),
-#endif
+  int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*, int, sqlite3_rtree_dbl*,int*),
   void *pContext
 );
 
 
 /*
 ** A pointer to a structure of the following type is passed as the first
 ** argument to callbacks registered using rtree_geometry_callback().
 */
 struct sqlite3_rtree_geometry {
   void *pContext;                 /* Copy of pContext passed to s_r_g_c() */
   int nParam;                     /* Size of array aParam[] */
-  double *aParam;                 /* Parameters passed to SQL geom function */
+  sqlite3_rtree_dbl *aParam;      /* Parameters passed to SQL geom function */
   void *pUser;                    /* Callback implementation user data */
   void (*xDelUser)(void *);       /* Called by SQLite to clean up pUser */
 };
 
+/*
+** Register a 2nd-generation geometry callback named zScore that can be 
+** used as part of an R-Tree geometry query as follows:
+**
+**   SELECT ... FROM <rtree> WHERE <rtree col> MATCH $zQueryFunc(... params ...)
+*/
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_rtree_query_callback(
+  sqlite3 *db,
+  const char *zQueryFunc,
+  int (*xQueryFunc)(sqlite3_rtree_query_info*),
+  void *pContext,
+  void (*xDestructor)(void*)
+);
+
+
+/*
+** A pointer to a structure of the following type is passed as the 
+** argument to scored geometry callback registered using
+** sqlite3_rtree_query_callback().
+**
+** Note that the first 5 fields of this structure are identical to
+** sqlite3_rtree_geometry.  This structure is a subclass of
+** sqlite3_rtree_geometry.
+*/
+struct sqlite3_rtree_query_info {
+  void *pContext;                   /* pContext from when function registered */
+  int nParam;                       /* Number of function parameters */
+  sqlite3_rtree_dbl *aParam;        /* value of function parameters */
+  void *pUser;                      /* callback can use this, if desired */
+  void (*xDelUser)(void*);          /* function to free pUser */
+  sqlite3_rtree_dbl *aCoord;        /* Coordinates of node or entry to check */
+  unsigned int *anQueue;            /* Number of pending entries in the queue */
+  int nCoord;                       /* Number of coordinates */
+  int iLevel;                       /* Level of current node or entry */
+  int mxLevel;                      /* The largest iLevel value in the tree */
+  sqlite3_int64 iRowid;             /* Rowid for current entry */
+  sqlite3_rtree_dbl rParentScore;   /* Score of parent node */
+  int eParentWithin;                /* Visibility of parent node */
+  int eWithin;                      /* OUT: Visiblity */
+  sqlite3_rtree_dbl rScore;         /* OUT: Write the score here */
+  /* The following fields are only available in 3.8.11 and later */
+  sqlite3_value **apSqlParam;       /* Original SQL values of parameters */
+};
+
+/*
+** Allowed values for sqlite3_rtree_query.eWithin and .eParentWithin.
+*/
+#define NOT_WITHIN       0   /* Object completely outside of query region */
+#define PARTLY_WITHIN    1   /* Object partially overlaps query region */
+#define FULLY_WITHIN     2   /* Object fully contained within query region */
+
 
 #if 0
 }  /* end of the 'extern "C"' block */
 #endif
 
 #endif  /* ifndef _SQLITE3RTREE_H_ */
 
+/*
+** 2014 May 31
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+**    May you do good and not evil.
+**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+******************************************************************************
+**
+** Interfaces to extend FTS5. Using the interfaces defined in this file, 
+** FTS5 may be extended with:
+**
+**     * custom tokenizers, and
+**     * custom auxiliary functions.
+*/
+
+
+#ifndef _FTS5_H
+#define _FTS5_H
+
+
+#if 0
+extern "C" {
+#endif
+
+/*************************************************************************
+** CUSTOM AUXILIARY FUNCTIONS
+**
+** Virtual table implementations may overload SQL functions by implementing
+** the sqlite3_module.xFindFunction() method.
+*/
+
+typedef struct Fts5ExtensionApi Fts5ExtensionApi;
+typedef struct Fts5Context Fts5Context;
+typedef struct Fts5PhraseIter Fts5PhraseIter;
+
+typedef void (*fts5_extension_function)(
+  const Fts5ExtensionApi *pApi,   /* API offered by current FTS version */
+  Fts5Context *pFts,              /* First arg to pass to pApi functions */
+  sqlite3_context *pCtx,          /* Context for returning result/error */
+  int nVal,                       /* Number of values in apVal[] array */
+  sqlite3_value **apVal           /* Array of trailing arguments */
+);
+
+struct Fts5PhraseIter {
+  const unsigned char *a;
+  const unsigned char *b;
+};
+
+/*
+** EXTENSION API FUNCTIONS
+**
+** xUserData(pFts):
+**   Return a copy of the context pointer the extension function was 
+**   registered with.
+**
+** xColumnTotalSize(pFts, iCol, pnToken):
+**   If parameter iCol is less than zero, set output variable *pnToken
+**   to the total number of tokens in the FTS5 table. Or, if iCol is
+**   non-negative but less than the number of columns in the table, return
+**   the total number of tokens in column iCol, considering all rows in 
+**   the FTS5 table.
+**
+**   If parameter iCol is greater than or equal to the number of columns
+**   in the table, SQLITE_RANGE is returned. Or, if an error occurs (e.g.
+**   an OOM condition or IO error), an appropriate SQLite error code is 
+**   returned.
+**
+** xColumnCount(pFts):
+**   Return the number of columns in the table.
+**
+** xColumnSize(pFts, iCol, pnToken):
+**   If parameter iCol is less than zero, set output variable *pnToken
+**   to the total number of tokens in the current row. Or, if iCol is
+**   non-negative but less than the number of columns in the table, set
+**   *pnToken to the number of tokens in column iCol of the current row.
+**
+**   If parameter iCol is greater than or equal to the number of columns
+**   in the table, SQLITE_RANGE is returned. Or, if an error occurs (e.g.
+**   an OOM condition or IO error), an appropriate SQLite error code is 
+**   returned.
+**
+** xColumnText:
+**   This function attempts to retrieve the text of column iCol of the
+**   current document. If successful, (*pz) is set to point to a buffer
+**   containing the text in utf-8 encoding, (*pn) is set to the size in bytes
+**   (not characters) of the buffer and SQLITE_OK is returned. Otherwise,
+**   if an error occurs, an SQLite error code is returned and the final values
+**   of (*pz) and (*pn) are undefined.
+**
+** xPhraseCount:
+**   Returns the number of phrases in the current query expression.
+**
+** xPhraseSize:
+**   Returns the number of tokens in phrase iPhrase of the query. Phrases
+**   are numbered starting from zero.
+**
+** xInstCount:
+**   Set *pnInst to the total number of occurrences of all phrases within
+**   the query within the current row. Return SQLITE_OK if successful, or
+**   an error code (i.e. SQLITE_NOMEM) if an error occurs.
+**
+** xInst:
+**   Query for the details of phrase match iIdx within the current row.
+**   Phrase matches are numbered starting from zero, so the iIdx argument
+**   should be greater than or equal to zero and smaller than the value
+**   output by xInstCount().
+**
+**   Returns SQLITE_OK if successful, or an error code (i.e. SQLITE_NOMEM) 
+**   if an error occurs.
+**
+** xRowid:
+**   Returns the rowid of the current row.
+**
+** xTokenize:
+**   Tokenize text using the tokenizer belonging to the FTS5 table.
+**
+** xQueryPhrase(pFts5, iPhrase, pUserData, xCallback):
+**   This API function is used to query the FTS table for phrase iPhrase
+**   of the current query. Specifically, a query equivalent to:
+**
+**       ... FROM ftstable WHERE ftstable MATCH $p ORDER BY rowid
+**
+**   with $p set to a phrase equivalent to the phrase iPhrase of the
+**   current query is executed. For each row visited, the callback function
+**   passed as the fourth argument is invoked. The context and API objects 
+**   passed to the callback function may be used to access the properties of
+**   each matched row. Invoking Api.xUserData() returns a copy of the pointer
+**   passed as the third argument to pUserData.
+**
+**   If the callback function returns any value other than SQLITE_OK, the
+**   query is abandoned and the xQueryPhrase function returns immediately.
+**   If the returned value is SQLITE_DONE, xQueryPhrase returns SQLITE_OK.
+**   Otherwise, the error code is propagated upwards.
+**
+**   If the query runs to completion without incident, SQLITE_OK is returned.
+**   Or, if some error occurs before the query completes or is aborted by
+**   the callback, an SQLite error code is returned.
+**
+**
+** xSetAuxdata(pFts5, pAux, xDelete)
+**
+**   Save the pointer passed as the second argument as the extension functions 
+**   "auxiliary data". The pointer may then be retrieved by the current or any
+**   future invocation of the same fts5 extension function made as part of
+**   of the same MATCH query using the xGetAuxdata() API.
+**
+**   Each extension function is allocated a single auxiliary data slot for
+**   each FTS query (MATCH expression). If the extension function is invoked 
+**   more than once for a single FTS query, then all invocations share a 
+**   single auxiliary data context.
+**
+**   If there is already an auxiliary data pointer when this function is
+**   invoked, then it is replaced by the new pointer. If an xDelete callback
+**   was specified along with the original pointer, it is invoked at this
+**   point.
+**
+**   The xDelete callback, if one is specified, is also invoked on the
+**   auxiliary data pointer after the FTS5 query has finished.
+**
+**   If an error (e.g. an OOM condition) occurs within this function, an
+**   the auxiliary data is set to NULL and an error code returned. If the
+**   xDelete parameter was not NULL, it is invoked on the auxiliary data
+**   pointer before returning.
+**
+**
+** xGetAuxdata(pFts5, bClear)
+**
+**   Returns the current auxiliary data pointer for the fts5 extension 
+**   function. See the xSetAuxdata() method for details.
+**
+**   If the bClear argument is non-zero, then the auxiliary data is cleared
+**   (set to NULL) before this function returns. In this case the xDelete,
+**   if any, is not invoked.
+**
+**
+** xRowCount(pFts5, pnRow)
+**
+**   This function is used to retrieve the total number of rows in the table.
+**   In other words, the same value that would be returned by:
+**
+**        SELECT count(*) FROM ftstable;
+**
+** xPhraseFirst()
+**   This function is used, along with type Fts5PhraseIter and the xPhraseNext
+**   method, to iterate through all instances of a single query phrase within
+**   the current row. This is the same information as is accessible via the
+**   xInstCount/xInst APIs. While the xInstCount/xInst APIs are more convenient
+**   to use, this API may be faster under some circumstances. To iterate 
+**   through instances of phrase iPhrase, use the following code:
+**
+**       Fts5PhraseIter iter;
+**       int iCol, iOff;
+**       for(pApi->xPhraseFirst(pFts, iPhrase, &iter, &iCol, &iOff);
+**           iOff>=0;
+**           pApi->xPhraseNext(pFts, &iter, &iCol, &iOff)
+**       ){
+**         // An instance of phrase iPhrase at offset iOff of column iCol
+**       }
+**
+**   The Fts5PhraseIter structure is defined above. Applications should not
+**   modify this structure directly - it should only be used as shown above
+**   with the xPhraseFirst() and xPhraseNext() API methods.
+**
+** xPhraseNext()
+**   See xPhraseFirst above.
+*/
+struct Fts5ExtensionApi {
+  int iVersion;                   /* Currently always set to 1 */
+
+  void *(*xUserData)(Fts5Context*);
+
+  int (*xColumnCount)(Fts5Context*);
+  int (*xRowCount)(Fts5Context*, sqlite3_int64 *pnRow);
+  int (*xColumnTotalSize)(Fts5Context*, int iCol, sqlite3_int64 *pnToken);
+
+  int (*xTokenize)(Fts5Context*, 
+    const char *pText, int nText, /* Text to tokenize */
+    void *pCtx,                   /* Context passed to xToken() */
+    int (*xToken)(void*, int, const char*, int, int, int)       /* Callback */
+  );
+
+  int (*xPhraseCount)(Fts5Context*);
+  int (*xPhraseSize)(Fts5Context*, int iPhrase);
+
+  int (*xInstCount)(Fts5Context*, int *pnInst);
+  int (*xInst)(Fts5Context*, int iIdx, int *piPhrase, int *piCol, int *piOff);
+
+  sqlite3_int64 (*xRowid)(Fts5Context*);
+  int (*xColumnText)(Fts5Context*, int iCol, const char **pz, int *pn);
+  int (*xColumnSize)(Fts5Context*, int iCol, int *pnToken);
+
+  int (*xQueryPhrase)(Fts5Context*, int iPhrase, void *pUserData,
+    int(*)(const Fts5ExtensionApi*,Fts5Context*,void*)
+  );
+  int (*xSetAuxdata)(Fts5Context*, void *pAux, void(*xDelete)(void*));
+  void *(*xGetAuxdata)(Fts5Context*, int bClear);
+
+  void (*xPhraseFirst)(Fts5Context*, int iPhrase, Fts5PhraseIter*, int*, int*);
+  void (*xPhraseNext)(Fts5Context*, Fts5PhraseIter*, int *piCol, int *piOff);
+};
+
+/* 
+** CUSTOM AUXILIARY FUNCTIONS
+*************************************************************************/
+
+/*************************************************************************
+** CUSTOM TOKENIZERS
+**
+** Applications may also register custom tokenizer types. A tokenizer 
+** is registered by providing fts5 with a populated instance of the 
+** following structure. All structure methods must be defined, setting
+** any member of the fts5_tokenizer struct to NULL leads to undefined
+** behaviour. The structure methods are expected to function as follows:
+**
+** xCreate:
+**   This function is used to allocate and inititalize a tokenizer instance.
+**   A tokenizer instance is required to actually tokenize text.
+**
+**   The first argument passed to this function is a copy of the (void*)
+**   pointer provided by the application when the fts5_tokenizer object
+**   was registered with FTS5 (the third argument to xCreateTokenizer()). 
+**   The second and third arguments are an array of nul-terminated strings
+**   containing the tokenizer arguments, if any, specified following the
+**   tokenizer name as part of the CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE statement used
+**   to create the FTS5 table.
+**
+**   The final argument is an output variable. If successful, (*ppOut) 
+**   should be set to point to the new tokenizer handle and SQLITE_OK
+**   returned. If an error occurs, some value other than SQLITE_OK should
+**   be returned. In this case, fts5 assumes that the final value of *ppOut 
+**   is undefined.
+**
+** xDelete:
+**   This function is invoked to delete a tokenizer handle previously
+**   allocated using xCreate(). Fts5 guarantees that this function will
+**   be invoked exactly once for each successful call to xCreate().
+**
+** xTokenize:
+**   This function is expected to tokenize the nText byte string indicated 
+**   by argument pText. pText may or may not be nul-terminated. The first
+**   argument passed to this function is a pointer to an Fts5Tokenizer object
+**   returned by an earlier call to xCreate().
+**
+**   The second argument indicates the reason that FTS5 is requesting
+**   tokenization of the supplied text. This is always one of the following
+**   four values:
+**
+**   <ul><li> <b>FTS5_TOKENIZE_DOCUMENT</b> - A document is being inserted into
+**            or removed from the FTS table. The tokenizer is being invoked to
+**            determine the set of tokens to add to (or delete from) the
+**            FTS index.
+**
+**       <li> <b>FTS5_TOKENIZE_QUERY</b> - A MATCH query is being executed 
+**            against the FTS index. The tokenizer is being called to tokenize 
+**            a bareword or quoted string specified as part of the query.
+**
+**       <li> <b>(FTS5_TOKENIZE_QUERY | FTS5_TOKENIZE_PREFIX)</b> - Same as
+**            FTS5_TOKENIZE_QUERY, except that the bareword or quoted string is
+**            followed by a "*" character, indicating that the last token
+**            returned by the tokenizer will be treated as a token prefix.
+**
+**       <li> <b>FTS5_TOKENIZE_AUX</b> - The tokenizer is being invoked to 
+**            satisfy an fts5_api.xTokenize() request made by an auxiliary
+**            function. Or an fts5_api.xColumnSize() request made by the same
+**            on a columnsize=0 database.  
+**   </ul>
+**
+**   For each token in the input string, the supplied callback xToken() must
+**   be invoked. The first argument to it should be a copy of the pointer
+**   passed as the second argument to xTokenize(). The third and fourth
+**   arguments are a pointer to a buffer containing the token text, and the
+**   size of the token in bytes. The 4th and 5th arguments are the byte offsets
+**   of the first byte of and first byte immediately following the text from
+**   which the token is derived within the input.
+**
+**   The second argument passed to the xToken() callback ("tflags") should
+**   normally be set to 0. The exception is if the tokenizer supports 
+**   synonyms. In this case see the discussion below for details.
+**
+**   FTS5 assumes the xToken() callback is invoked for each token in the 
+**   order that they occur within the input text.
+**
+**   If an xToken() callback returns any value other than SQLITE_OK, then
+**   the tokenization should be abandoned and the xTokenize() method should
+**   immediately return a copy of the xToken() return value. Or, if the
+**   input buffer is exhausted, xTokenize() should return SQLITE_OK. Finally,
+**   if an error occurs with the xTokenize() implementation itself, it
+**   may abandon the tokenization and return any error code other than
+**   SQLITE_OK or SQLITE_DONE.
+**
+** SYNONYM SUPPORT
+**
+**   Custom tokenizers may also support synonyms. Consider a case in which a
+**   user wishes to query for a phrase such as "first place". Using the 
+**   built-in tokenizers, the FTS5 query 'first + place' will match instances
+**   of "first place" within the document set, but not alternative forms
+**   such as "1st place". In some applications, it would be better to match
+**   all instances of "first place" or "1st place" regardless of which form
+**   the user specified in the MATCH query text.
+**
+**   There are several ways to approach this in FTS5:
+**
+**   <ol><li> By mapping all synonyms to a single token. In this case, the 
+**            In the above example, this means that the tokenizer returns the
+**            same token for inputs "first" and "1st". Say that token is in
+**            fact "first", so that when the user inserts the document "I won
+**            1st place" entries are added to the index for tokens "i", "won",
+**            "first" and "place". If the user then queries for '1st + place',
+**            the tokenizer substitutes "first" for "1st" and the query works
+**            as expected.
+**
+**       <li> By adding multiple synonyms for a single term to the FTS index.
+**            In this case, when tokenizing query text, the tokenizer may 
+**            provide multiple synonyms for a single term within the document.
+**            FTS5 then queries the index for each synonym individually. For
+**            example, faced with the query:
+**
+**   <codeblock>
+**     ... MATCH 'first place'</codeblock>
+**
+**            the tokenizer offers both "1st" and "first" as synonyms for the
+**            first token in the MATCH query and FTS5 effectively runs a query 
+**            similar to:
+**
+**   <codeblock>
+**     ... MATCH '(first OR 1st) place'</codeblock>
+**
+**            except that, for the purposes of auxiliary functions, the query
+**            still appears to contain just two phrases - "(first OR 1st)" 
+**            being treated as a single phrase.
+**
+**       <li> By adding multiple synonyms for a single term to the FTS index.
+**            Using this method, when tokenizing document text, the tokenizer
+**            provides multiple synonyms for each token. So that when a 
+**            document such as "I won first place" is tokenized, entries are
+**            added to the FTS index for "i", "won", "first", "1st" and
+**            "place".
+**
+**            This way, even if the tokenizer does not provide synonyms
+**            when tokenizing query text (it should not - to do would be
+**            inefficient), it doesn't matter if the user queries for 
+**            'first + place' or '1st + place', as there are entires in the
+**            FTS index corresponding to both forms of the first token.
+**   </ol>
+**
+**   Whether it is parsing document or query text, any call to xToken that
+**   specifies a <i>tflags</i> argument with the FTS5_TOKEN_COLOCATED bit
+**   is considered to supply a synonym for the previous token. For example,
+**   when parsing the document "I won first place", a tokenizer that supports
+**   synonyms would call xToken() 5 times, as follows:
+**
+**   <codeblock>
+**       xToken(pCtx, 0, "i",                      1,  0,  1);
+**       xToken(pCtx, 0, "won",                    3,  2,  5);
+**       xToken(pCtx, 0, "first",                  5,  6, 11);
+**       xToken(pCtx, FTS5_TOKEN_COLOCATED, "1st", 3,  6, 11);
+**       xToken(pCtx, 0, "place",                  5, 12, 17);
+**</codeblock>
+**
+**   It is an error to specify the FTS5_TOKEN_COLOCATED flag the first time
+**   xToken() is called. Multiple synonyms may be specified for a single token
+**   by making multiple calls to xToken(FTS5_TOKEN_COLOCATED) in sequence. 
+**   There is no limit to the number of synonyms that may be provided for a
+**   single token.
+**
+**   In many cases, method (1) above is the best approach. It does not add 
+**   extra data to the FTS index or require FTS5 to query for multiple terms,
+**   so it is efficient in terms of disk space and query speed. However, it
+**   does not support prefix queries very well. If, as suggested above, the
+**   token "first" is subsituted for "1st" by the tokenizer, then the query:
+**
+**   <codeblock>
+**     ... MATCH '1s*'</codeblock>
+**
+**   will not match documents that contain the token "1st" (as the tokenizer
+**   will probably not map "1s" to any prefix of "first").
+**
+**   For full prefix support, method (3) may be preferred. In this case, 
+**   because the index contains entries for both "first" and "1st", prefix
+**   queries such as 'fi*' or '1s*' will match correctly. However, because
+**   extra entries are added to the FTS index, this method uses more space
+**   within the database.
+**
+**   Method (2) offers a midpoint between (1) and (3). Using this method,
+**   a query such as '1s*' will match documents that contain the literal 
+**   token "1st", but not "first" (assuming the tokenizer is not able to
+**   provide synonyms for prefixes). However, a non-prefix query like '1st'
+**   will match against "1st" and "first". This method does not require
+**   extra disk space, as no extra entries are added to the FTS index. 
+**   On the other hand, it may require more CPU cycles to run MATCH queries,
+**   as separate queries of the FTS index are required for each synonym.
+**
+**   When using methods (2) or (3), it is important that the tokenizer only
+**   provide synonyms when tokenizing document text (method (2)) or query
+**   text (method (3)), not both. Doing so will not cause any errors, but is
+**   inefficient.
+*/
+typedef struct Fts5Tokenizer Fts5Tokenizer;
+typedef struct fts5_tokenizer fts5_tokenizer;
+struct fts5_tokenizer {
+  int (*xCreate)(void*, const char **azArg, int nArg, Fts5Tokenizer **ppOut);
+  void (*xDelete)(Fts5Tokenizer*);
+  int (*xTokenize)(Fts5Tokenizer*, 
+      void *pCtx,
+      int flags,            /* Mask of FTS5_TOKENIZE_* flags */
+      const char *pText, int nText, 
+      int (*xToken)(
+        void *pCtx,         /* Copy of 2nd argument to xTokenize() */
+        int tflags,         /* Mask of FTS5_TOKEN_* flags */
+        const char *pToken, /* Pointer to buffer containing token */
+        int nToken,         /* Size of token in bytes */
+        int iStart,         /* Byte offset of token within input text */
+        int iEnd            /* Byte offset of end of token within input text */
+      )
+  );
+};
+
+/* Flags that may be passed as the third argument to xTokenize() */
+#define FTS5_TOKENIZE_QUERY     0x0001
+#define FTS5_TOKENIZE_PREFIX    0x0002
+#define FTS5_TOKENIZE_DOCUMENT  0x0004
+#define FTS5_TOKENIZE_AUX       0x0008
+
+/* Flags that may be passed by the tokenizer implementation back to FTS5
+** as the third argument to the supplied xToken callback. */
+#define FTS5_TOKEN_COLOCATED    0x0001      /* Same position as prev. token */
+
+/*
+** END OF CUSTOM TOKENIZERS
+*************************************************************************/
+
+/*************************************************************************
+** FTS5 EXTENSION REGISTRATION API
+*/
+typedef struct fts5_api fts5_api;
+struct fts5_api {
+  int iVersion;                   /* Currently always set to 2 */
+
+  /* Create a new tokenizer */
+  int (*xCreateTokenizer)(
+    fts5_api *pApi,
+    const char *zName,
+    void *pContext,
+    fts5_tokenizer *pTokenizer,
+    void (*xDestroy)(void*)
+  );
+
+  /* Find an existing tokenizer */
+  int (*xFindTokenizer)(
+    fts5_api *pApi,
+    const char *zName,
+    void **ppContext,
+    fts5_tokenizer *pTokenizer
+  );
+
+  /* Create a new auxiliary function */
+  int (*xCreateFunction)(
+    fts5_api *pApi,
+    const char *zName,
+    void *pContext,
+    fts5_extension_function xFunction,
+    void (*xDestroy)(void*)
+  );
+};
+
+/*
+** END OF REGISTRATION API
+*************************************************************************/
+
+#if 0
+}  /* end of the 'extern "C"' block */
+#endif
+
+#endif /* _FTS5_H */
+
+
 
 /************** End of sqlite3.h *********************************************/
 /************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
+
+/*
+** Include the configuration header output by 'configure' if we're using the
+** autoconf-based build
+*/
+#ifdef _HAVE_SQLITE_CONFIG_H
+#include "config.h"
+#endif
+
+/************** Include sqliteLimit.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***********/
+/************** Begin file sqliteLimit.h *************************************/
+/*
+** 2007 May 7
+**
+** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
+** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
+**
+**    May you do good and not evil.
+**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
+**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
+**
+*************************************************************************
+** 
+** This file defines various limits of what SQLite can process.
+*/
+
+/*
+** The maximum length of a TEXT or BLOB in bytes.   This also
+** limits the size of a row in a table or index.
+**
+** The hard limit is the ability of a 32-bit signed integer
+** to count the size: 2^31-1 or 2147483647.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH
+# define SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH 1000000000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** This is the maximum number of
+**
+**    * Columns in a table
+**    * Columns in an index
+**    * Columns in a view
+**    * Terms in the SET clause of an UPDATE statement
+**    * Terms in the result set of a SELECT statement
+**    * Terms in the GROUP BY or ORDER BY clauses of a SELECT statement.
+**    * Terms in the VALUES clause of an INSERT statement
+**
+** The hard upper limit here is 32676.  Most database people will
+** tell you that in a well-normalized database, you usually should
+** not have more than a dozen or so columns in any table.  And if
+** that is the case, there is no point in having more than a few
+** dozen values in any of the other situations described above.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
+# define SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN 2000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum length of a single SQL statement in bytes.
+**
+** It used to be the case that setting this value to zero would
+** turn the limit off.  That is no longer true.  It is not possible
+** to turn this limit off.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH
+# define SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH 1000000000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum depth of an expression tree. This is limited to 
+** some extent by SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH. But sometime you might 
+** want to place more severe limits on the complexity of an 
+** expression.
+**
+** A value of 0 used to mean that the limit was not enforced.
+** But that is no longer true.  The limit is now strictly enforced
+** at all times.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH
+# define SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH 1000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum number of terms in a compound SELECT statement.
+** The code generator for compound SELECT statements does one
+** level of recursion for each term.  A stack overflow can result
+** if the number of terms is too large.  In practice, most SQL
+** never has more than 3 or 4 terms.  Use a value of 0 to disable
+** any limit on the number of terms in a compount SELECT.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT
+# define SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT 500
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum number of opcodes in a VDBE program.
+** Not currently enforced.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP
+# define SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP 25000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum number of arguments to an SQL function.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG
+# define SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG 127
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The suggested maximum number of in-memory pages to use for
+** the main database table and for temporary tables.
+**
+** IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-31093-59126 The default suggested cache size
+** is 2000 pages.
+** IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-48205-43578 The default suggested cache size can be
+** altered using the SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE compile-time options.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE  2000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The default number of frames to accumulate in the log file before
+** checkpointing the database in WAL mode.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT  1000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The maximum number of attached databases.  This must be between 0
+** and 62.  The upper bound on 62 is because a 64-bit integer bitmap
+** is used internally to track attached databases.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED
+# define SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED 10
+#endif
+
+
+/*
+** The maximum value of a ?nnn wildcard that the parser will accept.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER
+# define SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER 999
+#endif
+
+/* Maximum page size.  The upper bound on this value is 65536.  This a limit
+** imposed by the use of 16-bit offsets within each page.
+**
+** Earlier versions of SQLite allowed the user to change this value at
+** compile time. This is no longer permitted, on the grounds that it creates
+** a library that is technically incompatible with an SQLite library 
+** compiled with a different limit. If a process operating on a database 
+** with a page-size of 65536 bytes crashes, then an instance of SQLite 
+** compiled with the default page-size limit will not be able to rollback 
+** the aborted transaction. This could lead to database corruption.
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
+# undef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
+#endif
+#define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 65536
+
+
+/*
+** The default size of a database page.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 1024
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
+# undef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Ordinarily, if no value is explicitly provided, SQLite creates databases
+** with page size SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE. However, based on certain
+** device characteristics (sector-size and atomic write() support),
+** SQLite may choose a larger value. This constant is the maximum value
+** SQLite will choose on its own.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 8192
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
+# undef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
+#endif
+
+
+/*
+** Maximum number of pages in one database file.
+**
+** This is really just the default value for the max_page_count pragma.
+** This value can be lowered (or raised) at run-time using that the
+** max_page_count macro.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT
+# define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT 1073741823
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Maximum length (in bytes) of the pattern in a LIKE or GLOB
+** operator.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH
+# define SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH 50000
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Maximum depth of recursion for triggers.
+**
+** A value of 1 means that a trigger program will not be able to itself
+** fire any triggers. A value of 0 means that no trigger programs at all 
+** may be executed.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH
+# define SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH 1000
+#endif
+
+/************** End of sqliteLimit.h *****************************************/
+/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
+
+/* Disable nuisance warnings on Borland compilers */
+#if defined(__BORLANDC__)
+#pragma warn -rch /* unreachable code */
+#pragma warn -ccc /* Condition is always true or false */
+#pragma warn -aus /* Assigned value is never used */
+#pragma warn -csu /* Comparing signed and unsigned */
+#pragma warn -spa /* Suspicious pointer arithmetic */
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Include standard header files as necessary
+*/
+#ifdef HAVE_STDINT_H
+#include <stdint.h>
+#endif
+#ifdef HAVE_INTTYPES_H
+#include <inttypes.h>
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The following macros are used to cast pointers to integers and
+** integers to pointers.  The way you do this varies from one compiler
+** to the next, so we have developed the following set of #if statements
+** to generate appropriate macros for a wide range of compilers.
+**
+** The correct "ANSI" way to do this is to use the intptr_t type. 
+** Unfortunately, that typedef is not available on all compilers, or
+** if it is available, it requires an #include of specific headers
+** that vary from one machine to the next.
+**
+** Ticket #3860:  The llvm-gcc-4.2 compiler from Apple chokes on
+** the ((void*)&((char*)0)[X]) construct.  But MSVC chokes on ((void*)(X)).
+** So we have to define the macros in different ways depending on the
+** compiler.
+*/
+#if defined(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)  /* This case should work for GCC */
+# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)(X))
+# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)(X))
+#elif !defined(__GNUC__)       /* Works for compilers other than LLVM */
+# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)&((char*)0)[X])
+# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(((char*)X)-(char*)0))
+#elif defined(HAVE_STDINT_H)   /* Use this case if we have ANSI headers */
+# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(intptr_t)(X))
+# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(intptr_t)(X))
+#else                          /* Generates a warning - but it always works */
+# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(X))
+# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(X))
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The SQLITE_WITHIN(P,S,E) macro checks to see if pointer P points to
+** something between S (inclusive) and E (exclusive).
+**
+** In other words, S is a buffer and E is a pointer to the first byte after
+** the end of buffer S.  This macro returns true if P points to something
+** contained within the buffer S.
+*/
+#if defined(HAVE_STDINT_H)
+# define SQLITE_WITHIN(P,S,E) \
+    ((uintptr_t)(P)>=(uintptr_t)(S) && (uintptr_t)(P)<(uintptr_t)(E))
+#else
+# define SQLITE_WITHIN(P,S,E) ((P)>=(S) && (P)<(E))
+#endif
+
+/*
+** A macro to hint to the compiler that a function should not be
+** inlined.
+*/
+#if defined(__GNUC__)
+#  define SQLITE_NOINLINE  __attribute__((noinline))
+#elif defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER>=1310
+#  define SQLITE_NOINLINE  __declspec(noinline)
+#else
+#  define SQLITE_NOINLINE
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Make sure that the compiler intrinsics we desire are enabled when
+** compiling with an appropriate version of MSVC unless prevented by
+** the SQLITE_DISABLE_INTRINSIC define.
+*/
+#if !defined(SQLITE_DISABLE_INTRINSIC)
+#  if defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER>=1300
+#    if !defined(_WIN32_WCE)
+#      include <intrin.h>
+#      pragma intrinsic(_byteswap_ushort)
+#      pragma intrinsic(_byteswap_ulong)
+#      pragma intrinsic(_ReadWriteBarrier)
+#    else
+#      include <cmnintrin.h>
+#    endif
+#  endif
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The SQLITE_THREADSAFE macro must be defined as 0, 1, or 2.
+** 0 means mutexes are permanently disable and the library is never
+** threadsafe.  1 means the library is serialized which is the highest
+** level of threadsafety.  2 means the library is multithreaded - multiple
+** threads can use SQLite as long as no two threads try to use the same
+** database connection at the same time.
+**
+** Older versions of SQLite used an optional THREADSAFE macro.
+** We support that for legacy.
+*/
+#if !defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
+# if defined(THREADSAFE)
+#   define SQLITE_THREADSAFE THREADSAFE
+# else
+#   define SQLITE_THREADSAFE 1 /* IMP: R-07272-22309 */
+# endif
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Powersafe overwrite is on by default.  But can be turned off using
+** the -DSQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE=0 command-line option.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE
+# define SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE 1
+#endif
+
+/*
+** EVIDENCE-OF: R-25715-37072 Memory allocation statistics are enabled by
+** default unless SQLite is compiled with SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS=0 in
+** which case memory allocation statistics are disabled by default.
+*/
+#if !defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS)
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS 1
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Exactly one of the following macros must be defined in order to
+** specify which memory allocation subsystem to use.
+**
+**     SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC          // Use normal system malloc()
+**     SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC           // Use Win32 native heap API
+**     SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC            // Use a stub allocator that always fails
+**     SQLITE_MEMDEBUG               // Debugging version of system malloc()
+**
+** On Windows, if the SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE macro is defined and the
+** assert() macro is enabled, each call into the Win32 native heap subsystem
+** will cause HeapValidate to be called.  If heap validation should fail, an
+** assertion will be triggered.
+**
+** If none of the above are defined, then set SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC as
+** the default.
+*/
+#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC) \
+  + defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC) \
+  + defined(SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC) \
+  + defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)>1
+# error "Two or more of the following compile-time configuration options\
+ are defined but at most one is allowed:\
+ SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC, SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC, SQLITE_MEMDEBUG,\
+ SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC"
+#endif
+#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC) \
+  + defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC) \
+  + defined(SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC) \
+  + defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)==0
+# define SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC 1
+#endif
+
+/*
+** If SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT is not zero, then try to keep the
+** sizes of memory allocations below this value where possible.
+*/
+#if !defined(SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT)
+# define SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT 1024
+#endif
+
+/*
+** We need to define _XOPEN_SOURCE as follows in order to enable
+** recursive mutexes on most Unix systems and fchmod() on OpenBSD.
+** But _XOPEN_SOURCE define causes problems for Mac OS X, so omit
+** it.
+*/
+#if !defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE) && !defined(__DARWIN__) && !defined(__APPLE__)
+#  define _XOPEN_SOURCE 600
+#endif
+
+/*
+** NDEBUG and SQLITE_DEBUG are opposites.  It should always be true that
+** defined(NDEBUG)==!defined(SQLITE_DEBUG).  If this is not currently true,
+** make it true by defining or undefining NDEBUG.
+**
+** Setting NDEBUG makes the code smaller and faster by disabling the
+** assert() statements in the code.  So we want the default action
+** to be for NDEBUG to be set and NDEBUG to be undefined only if SQLITE_DEBUG
+** is set.  Thus NDEBUG becomes an opt-in rather than an opt-out
+** feature.
+*/
+#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) 
+# define NDEBUG 1
+#endif
+#if defined(NDEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
+# undef NDEBUG
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Enable SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS if SQLITE_DEBUG is turned on.
+*/
+#if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
+# define SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS 1
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The testcase() macro is used to aid in coverage testing.  When 
+** doing coverage testing, the condition inside the argument to
+** testcase() must be evaluated both true and false in order to
+** get full branch coverage.  The testcase() macro is inserted
+** to help ensure adequate test coverage in places where simple
+** condition/decision coverage is inadequate.  For example, testcase()
+** can be used to make sure boundary values are tested.  For
+** bitmask tests, testcase() can be used to make sure each bit
+** is significant and used at least once.  On switch statements
+** where multiple cases go to the same block of code, testcase()
+** can insure that all cases are evaluated.
+**
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST
+SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3Coverage(int);
+# define testcase(X)  if( X ){ sqlite3Coverage(__LINE__); }
+#else
+# define testcase(X)
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The TESTONLY macro is used to enclose variable declarations or
+** other bits of code that are needed to support the arguments
+** within testcase() and assert() macros.
+*/
+#if !defined(NDEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
+# define TESTONLY(X)  X
+#else
+# define TESTONLY(X)
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Sometimes we need a small amount of code such as a variable initialization
+** to setup for a later assert() statement.  We do not want this code to
+** appear when assert() is disabled.  The following macro is therefore
+** used to contain that setup code.  The "VVA" acronym stands for
+** "Verification, Validation, and Accreditation".  In other words, the
+** code within VVA_ONLY() will only run during verification processes.
+*/
+#ifndef NDEBUG
+# define VVA_ONLY(X)  X
+#else
+# define VVA_ONLY(X)
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The ALWAYS and NEVER macros surround boolean expressions which 
+** are intended to always be true or false, respectively.  Such
+** expressions could be omitted from the code completely.  But they
+** are included in a few cases in order to enhance the resilience
+** of SQLite to unexpected behavior - to make the code "self-healing"
+** or "ductile" rather than being "brittle" and crashing at the first
+** hint of unplanned behavior.
+**
+** In other words, ALWAYS and NEVER are added for defensive code.
+**
+** When doing coverage testing ALWAYS and NEVER are hard-coded to
+** be true and false so that the unreachable code they specify will
+** not be counted as untested code.
+*/
+#if defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
+# define ALWAYS(X)      (1)
+# define NEVER(X)       (0)
+#elif !defined(NDEBUG)
+# define ALWAYS(X)      ((X)?1:(assert(0),0))
+# define NEVER(X)       ((X)?(assert(0),1):0)
+#else
+# define ALWAYS(X)      (X)
+# define NEVER(X)       (X)
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Declarations used for tracing the operating system interfaces.
+*/
+#if defined(SQLITE_FORCE_OS_TRACE) || defined(SQLITE_TEST) || \
+    (defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && SQLITE_OS_WIN)
+  extern int sqlite3OSTrace;
+# define OSTRACE(X)          if( sqlite3OSTrace ) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
+# define SQLITE_HAVE_OS_TRACE
+#else
+# define OSTRACE(X)
+# undef  SQLITE_HAVE_OS_TRACE
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Is the sqlite3ErrName() function needed in the build?  Currently,
+** it is needed by "mutex_w32.c" (when debugging), "os_win.c" (when
+** OSTRACE is enabled), and by several "test*.c" files (which are
+** compiled using SQLITE_TEST).
+*/
+#if defined(SQLITE_HAVE_OS_TRACE) || defined(SQLITE_TEST) || \
+    (defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && SQLITE_OS_WIN)
+# define SQLITE_NEED_ERR_NAME
+#else
+# undef  SQLITE_NEED_ERR_NAME
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Return true (non-zero) if the input is an integer that is too large
+** to fit in 32-bits.  This macro is used inside of various testcase()
+** macros to verify that we have tested SQLite for large-file support.
+*/
+#define IS_BIG_INT(X)  (((X)&~(i64)0xffffffff)!=0)
+
+/*
+** The macro unlikely() is a hint that surrounds a boolean
+** expression that is usually false.  Macro likely() surrounds
+** a boolean expression that is usually true.  These hints could,
+** in theory, be used by the compiler to generate better code, but
+** currently they are just comments for human readers.
+*/
+#define likely(X)    (X)
+#define unlikely(X)  (X)
+
 /************** Include hash.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ******************/
 /************** Begin file hash.h ********************************************/
 /*
 ** 2001 September 22
 **
 ** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
 ** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
 **
 **    May you do good and not evil.
 **    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
 **    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
 **
 *************************************************************************
-** This is the header file for the generic hash-table implemenation
+** This is the header file for the generic hash-table implementation
 ** used in SQLite.
 */
 #ifndef _SQLITE_HASH_H_
 #define _SQLITE_HASH_H_
 
 /* Forward declarations of structures. */
 typedef struct Hash Hash;
 typedef struct HashElem HashElem;
@@ -7785,25 +9449,25 @@ struct Hash {
 ** structure.  All elements are stored on a single doubly-linked list.
 **
 ** Again, this structure is intended to be opaque, but it can't really
 ** be opaque because it is used by macros.
 */
 struct HashElem {
   HashElem *next, *prev;       /* Next and previous elements in the table */
   void *data;                  /* Data associated with this element */
-  const char *pKey; int nKey;  /* Key associated with this element */
+  const char *pKey;            /* Key associated with this element */
 };
 
 /*
 ** Access routines.  To delete, insert a NULL pointer.
 */
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3HashInit(Hash*);
-SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3HashInsert(Hash*, const char *pKey, int nKey, void *pData);
-SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3HashFind(const Hash*, const char *pKey, int nKey);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3HashInsert(Hash*, const char *pKey, void *pData);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3HashFind(const Hash*, const char *pKey);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3HashClear(Hash*);
 
 /*
 ** Macros for looping over all elements of a hash table.  The idiom is
 ** like this:
 **
 **   Hash h;
 **   HashElem *p;
@@ -7825,173 +9489,183 @@ SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3HashClear(Has
 /* #define sqliteHashCount(H)  ((H)->count) // NOT USED */
 
 #endif /* _SQLITE_HASH_H_ */
 
 /************** End of hash.h ************************************************/
 /************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
 /************** Include parse.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h *****************/
 /************** Begin file parse.h *******************************************/
-#define TK_SEMI                            1
-#define TK_EXPLAIN                         2
-#define TK_QUERY                           3
-#define TK_PLAN                            4
-#define TK_BEGIN                           5
-#define TK_TRANSACTION                     6
-#define TK_DEFERRED                        7
-#define TK_IMMEDIATE                       8
-#define TK_EXCLUSIVE                       9
-#define TK_COMMIT                         10
-#define TK_END                            11
-#define TK_ROLLBACK                       12
-#define TK_SAVEPOINT                      13
-#define TK_RELEASE                        14
-#define TK_TO                             15
-#define TK_TABLE                          16
-#define TK_CREATE                         17
-#define TK_IF                             18
-#define TK_NOT                            19
-#define TK_EXISTS                         20
-#define TK_TEMP                           21
-#define TK_LP                             22
-#define TK_RP                             23
-#define TK_AS                             24
-#define TK_COMMA                          25
-#define TK_ID                             26
-#define TK_INDEXED                        27
-#define TK_ABORT                          28
-#define TK_ACTION                         29
-#define TK_AFTER                          30
-#define TK_ANALYZE                        31
-#define TK_ASC                            32
-#define TK_ATTACH                         33
-#define TK_BEFORE                         34
-#define TK_BY                             35
-#define TK_CASCADE                        36
-#define TK_CAST                           37
-#define TK_COLUMNKW                       38
-#define TK_CONFLICT                       39
-#define TK_DATABASE                       40
-#define TK_DESC                           41
-#define TK_DETACH                         42
-#define TK_EACH                           43
-#define TK_FAIL                           44
-#define TK_FOR                            45
-#define TK_IGNORE                         46
-#define TK_INITIALLY                      47
-#define TK_INSTEAD                        48
-#define TK_LIKE_KW                        49
-#define TK_MATCH                          50
-#define TK_NO                             51
-#define TK_KEY                            52
-#define TK_OF                             53
-#define TK_OFFSET                         54
-#define TK_PRAGMA                         55
-#define TK_RAISE                          56
-#define TK_REPLACE                        57
-#define TK_RESTRICT                       58
-#define TK_ROW                            59
-#define TK_TRIGGER                        60
-#define TK_VACUUM                         61
-#define TK_VIEW                           62
-#define TK_VIRTUAL                        63
-#define TK_REINDEX                        64
-#define TK_RENAME                         65
-#define TK_CTIME_KW                       66
-#define TK_ANY                            67
-#define TK_OR                             68
-#define TK_AND                            69
-#define TK_IS                             70
-#define TK_BETWEEN                        71
-#define TK_IN                             72
-#define TK_ISNULL                         73
-#define TK_NOTNULL                        74
-#define TK_NE                             75
-#define TK_EQ                             76
-#define TK_GT                             77
-#define TK_LE                             78
-#define TK_LT                             79
-#define TK_GE                             80
-#define TK_ESCAPE                         81
-#define TK_BITAND                         82
-#define TK_BITOR                          83
-#define TK_LSHIFT                         84
-#define TK_RSHIFT                         85
-#define TK_PLUS                           86
-#define TK_MINUS                          87
-#define TK_STAR                           88
-#define TK_SLASH                          89
-#define TK_REM                            90
-#define TK_CONCAT                         91
-#define TK_COLLATE                        92
-#define TK_BITNOT                         93
-#define TK_STRING                         94
-#define TK_JOIN_KW                        95
-#define TK_CONSTRAINT                     96
-#define TK_DEFAULT                        97
-#define TK_NULL                           98
-#define TK_PRIMARY                        99
-#define TK_UNIQUE                         100
-#define TK_CHECK                          101
-#define TK_REFERENCES                     102
-#define TK_AUTOINCR                       103
-#define TK_ON                             104
-#define TK_INSERT                         105
-#define TK_DELETE                         106
-#define TK_UPDATE                         107
-#define TK_SET                            108
-#define TK_DEFERRABLE                     109
-#define TK_FOREIGN                        110
-#define TK_DROP                           111
-#define TK_UNION                          112
-#define TK_ALL                            113
-#define TK_EXCEPT                         114
-#define TK_INTERSECT                      115
-#define TK_SELECT                         116
-#define TK_DISTINCT                       117
-#define TK_DOT                            118
-#define TK_FROM                           119
-#define TK_JOIN                           120
-#define TK_USING                          121
-#define TK_ORDER                          122
-#define TK_GROUP                          123
-#define TK_HAVING                         124
-#define TK_LIMIT                          125
-#define TK_WHERE                          126
-#define TK_INTO                           127
-#define TK_VALUES                         128
-#define TK_INTEGER                        129
-#define TK_FLOAT                          130
-#define TK_BLOB                           131
-#define TK_REGISTER                       132
-#define TK_VARIABLE                       133
-#define TK_CASE                           134
-#define TK_WHEN                           135
-#define TK_THEN                           136
-#define TK_ELSE                           137
-#define TK_INDEX                          138
-#define TK_ALTER                          139
-#define TK_ADD                            140
-#define TK_TO_TEXT                        141
-#define TK_TO_BLOB                        142
-#define TK_TO_NUMERIC                     143
-#define TK_TO_INT                         144
-#define TK_TO_REAL                        145
-#define TK_ISNOT                          146
-#define TK_END_OF_FILE                    147
-#define TK_ILLEGAL                        148
-#define TK_SPACE                          149
+#define TK_SEMI                             1
+#define TK_EXPLAIN                          2
+#define TK_QUERY                            3
+#define TK_PLAN                             4
+#define TK_BEGIN                            5
+#define TK_TRANSACTION                      6
+#define TK_DEFERRED                         7
+#define TK_IMMEDIATE                        8
+#define TK_EXCLUSIVE                        9
+#define TK_COMMIT                          10
+#define TK_END                             11
+#define TK_ROLLBACK                        12
+#define TK_SAVEPOINT                       13
+#define TK_RELEASE                         14
+#define TK_TO                              15
+#define TK_TABLE                           16
+#define TK_CREATE                          17
+#define TK_IF                              18
+#define TK_NOT                             19
+#define TK_EXISTS                          20
+#define TK_TEMP                            21
+#define TK_LP                              22
+#define TK_RP                              23
+#define TK_AS                              24
+#define TK_WITHOUT                         25
+#define TK_COMMA                           26
+#define TK_ID                              27
+#define TK_INDEXED                         28
+#define TK_ABORT                           29
+#define TK_ACTION                          30
+#define TK_AFTER                           31
+#define TK_ANALYZE                         32
+#define TK_ASC                             33
+#define TK_ATTACH                          34
+#define TK_BEFORE                          35
+#define TK_BY                              36
+#define TK_CASCADE                         37
+#define TK_CAST                            38
+#define TK_COLUMNKW                        39
+#define TK_CONFLICT                        40
+#define TK_DATABASE                        41
+#define TK_DESC                            42
+#define TK_DETACH                          43
+#define TK_EACH                            44
+#define TK_FAIL                            45
+#define TK_FOR                             46
+#define TK_IGNORE                          47
+#define TK_INITIALLY                       48
+#define TK_INSTEAD                         49
+#define TK_LIKE_KW                         50
+#define TK_MATCH                           51
+#define TK_NO                              52
+#define TK_KEY                             53
+#define TK_OF                              54
+#define TK_OFFSET                          55
+#define TK_PRAGMA                          56
+#define TK_RAISE                           57
+#define TK_RECURSIVE                       58
+#define TK_REPLACE                         59
+#define TK_RESTRICT                        60
+#define TK_ROW                             61
+#define TK_TRIGGER                         62
+#define TK_VACUUM                          63
+#define TK_VIEW                            64
+#define TK_VIRTUAL                         65
+#define TK_WITH                            66
+#define TK_REINDEX                         67
+#define TK_RENAME                          68
+#define TK_CTIME_KW                        69
+#define TK_ANY                             70
+#define TK_OR                              71
+#define TK_AND                             72
+#define TK_IS                              73
+#define TK_BETWEEN                         74
+#define TK_IN                              75
+#define TK_ISNULL                          76
+#define TK_NOTNULL                         77
+#define TK_NE                              78
+#define TK_EQ                              79
+#define TK_GT                              80
+#define TK_LE                              81
+#define TK_LT                              82
+#define TK_GE                              83
+#define TK_ESCAPE                          84
+#define TK_BITAND                          85
+#define TK_BITOR                           86
+#define TK_LSHIFT                          87
+#define TK_RSHIFT                          88
+#define TK_PLUS                            89
+#define TK_MINUS                           90
+#define TK_STAR                            91
+#define TK_SLASH                           92
+#define TK_REM                             93
+#define TK_CONCAT                          94
+#define TK_COLLATE                         95
+#define TK_BITNOT                          96
+#define TK_STRING                          97
+#define TK_JOIN_KW                         98
+#define TK_CONSTRAINT                      99
+#define TK_DEFAULT                        100
+#define TK_NULL                           101
+#define TK_PRIMARY                        102
+#define TK_UNIQUE                         103
+#define TK_CHECK                          104
+#define TK_REFERENCES                     105
+#define TK_AUTOINCR                       106
+#define TK_ON                             107
+#define TK_INSERT                         108
+#define TK_DELETE                         109
+#define TK_UPDATE                         110
+#define TK_SET                            111
+#define TK_DEFERRABLE                     112
+#define TK_FOREIGN                        113
+#define TK_DROP                           114
+#define TK_UNION                          115
+#define TK_ALL                            116
+#define TK_EXCEPT                         117
+#define TK_INTERSECT                      118
+#define TK_SELECT                         119
+#define TK_VALUES                         120
+#define TK_DISTINCT                       121
+#define TK_DOT                            122
+#define TK_FROM                           123
+#define TK_JOIN                           124
+#define TK_USING                          125
+#define TK_ORDER                          126
+#define TK_GROUP                          127
+#define TK_HAVING                         128
+#define TK_LIMIT                          129
+#define TK_WHERE                          130
+#define TK_INTO                           131
+#define TK_INTEGER                        132
+#define TK_FLOAT                          133
+#define TK_BLOB                           134
+#define TK_VARIABLE                       135
+#define TK_CASE                           136
+#define TK_WHEN                           137
+#define TK_THEN                           138
+#define TK_ELSE                           139
+#define TK_INDEX                          140
+#define TK_ALTER                          141
+#define TK_ADD                            142
+#define TK_TO_TEXT                        143
+#define TK_TO_BLOB                        144
+#define TK_TO_NUMERIC                     145
+#define TK_TO_INT                         146
+#define TK_TO_REAL                        147
+#define TK_ISNOT                          148
+#define TK_END_OF_FILE                    149
 #define TK_UNCLOSED_STRING                150
 #define TK_FUNCTION                       151
 #define TK_COLUMN                         152
 #define TK_AGG_FUNCTION                   153
 #define TK_AGG_COLUMN                     154
-#define TK_CONST_FUNC                     155
-#define TK_UMINUS                         156
-#define TK_UPLUS                          157
+#define TK_UMINUS                         155
+#define TK_UPLUS                          156
+#define TK_REGISTER                       157
+#define TK_ASTERISK                       158
+#define TK_SPACE                          159
+#define TK_ILLEGAL                        160
+
+/* The token codes above must all fit in 8 bits */
+#define TKFLG_MASK           0xff  
+
+/* Flags that can be added to a token code when it is not
+** being stored in a u8: */
+#define TKFLG_DONTFOLD       0x100  /* Omit constant folding optimizations */
 
 /************** End of parse.h ***********************************************/
 /************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
 #include <stdio.h>
 #include <stdlib.h>
 #include <string.h>
 #include <assert.h>
 #include <stddef.h>
@@ -8047,27 +9721,69 @@ SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3HashClear(Has
 #endif
 
 /*
 ** Provide a default value for SQLITE_TEMP_STORE in case it is not specified
 ** on the command-line
 */
 #ifndef SQLITE_TEMP_STORE
 # define SQLITE_TEMP_STORE 1
+# define SQLITE_TEMP_STORE_xc 1  /* Exclude from ctime.c */
+#endif
+
+/*
+** If no value has been provided for SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS, or if
+** SQLITE_TEMP_STORE is set to 3 (never use temporary files), set it 
+** to zero.
+*/
+#if SQLITE_TEMP_STORE==3 || SQLITE_THREADSAFE==0
+# undef SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS
+# define SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS 0
+#endif
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS
+# define SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS 8
+#endif
+#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_WORKER_THREADS
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_WORKER_THREADS 0
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_WORKER_THREADS>SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS
+# undef SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS
+# define SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS SQLITE_DEFAULT_WORKER_THREADS
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The default initial allocation for the pagecache when using separate
+** pagecaches for each database connection.  A positive number is the
+** number of pages.  A negative number N translations means that a buffer
+** of -1024*N bytes is allocated and used for as many pages as it will hold.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PCACHE_INITSZ
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PCACHE_INITSZ 100
 #endif
 
 /*
 ** GCC does not define the offsetof() macro so we'll have to do it
 ** ourselves.
 */
 #ifndef offsetof
 #define offsetof(STRUCTURE,FIELD) ((int)((char*)&((STRUCTURE*)0)->FIELD))
 #endif
 
 /*
+** Macros to compute minimum and maximum of two numbers.
+*/
+#define MIN(A,B) ((A)<(B)?(A):(B))
+#define MAX(A,B) ((A)>(B)?(A):(B))
+
+/*
+** Swap two objects of type TYPE.
+*/
+#define SWAP(TYPE,A,B) {TYPE t=A; A=B; B=t;}
+
+/*
 ** Check to see if this machine uses EBCDIC.  (Yes, believe it or
 ** not, there are still machines out there that use EBCDIC.)
 */
 #if 'A' == '\301'
 # define SQLITE_EBCDIC 1
 #else
 # define SQLITE_ASCII 1
 #endif
@@ -8141,33 +9857,89 @@ typedef INT8_TYPE i8;              /* 1-
 */
 #ifdef SQLITE_64BIT_STATS
  typedef u64 tRowcnt;    /* 64-bit only if requested at compile-time */
 #else
  typedef u32 tRowcnt;    /* 32-bit is the default */
 #endif
 
 /*
+** Estimated quantities used for query planning are stored as 16-bit
+** logarithms.  For quantity X, the value stored is 10*log2(X).  This
+** gives a possible range of values of approximately 1.0e986 to 1e-986.
+** But the allowed values are "grainy".  Not every value is representable.
+** For example, quantities 16 and 17 are both represented by a LogEst
+** of 40.  However, since LogEst quantities are suppose to be estimates,
+** not exact values, this imprecision is not a problem.
+**
+** "LogEst" is short for "Logarithmic Estimate".
+**
+** Examples:
+**      1 -> 0              20 -> 43          10000 -> 132
+**      2 -> 10             25 -> 46          25000 -> 146
+**      3 -> 16            100 -> 66        1000000 -> 199
+**      4 -> 20           1000 -> 99        1048576 -> 200
+**     10 -> 33           1024 -> 100    4294967296 -> 320
+**
+** The LogEst can be negative to indicate fractional values. 
+** Examples:
+**
+**    0.5 -> -10           0.1 -> -33        0.0625 -> -40
+*/
+typedef INT16_TYPE LogEst;
+
+/*
+** Set the SQLITE_PTRSIZE macro to the number of bytes in a pointer
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_PTRSIZE
+# if defined(__SIZEOF_POINTER__)
+#   define SQLITE_PTRSIZE __SIZEOF_POINTER__
+# elif defined(i386)     || defined(__i386__)   || defined(_M_IX86) ||    \
+       defined(_M_ARM)   || defined(__arm__)    || defined(__x86)
+#   define SQLITE_PTRSIZE 4
+# else
+#   define SQLITE_PTRSIZE 8
+# endif
+#endif
+
+/*
 ** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,
-** evaluated at runtime.
-*/
-#if defined(i386) || defined(__i386__) || defined(_M_IX86)\
-                             || defined(__x86_64) || defined(__x86_64__)
+** and whether or not that determination is run-time or compile-time.
+**
+** For best performance, an attempt is made to guess at the byte-order
+** using C-preprocessor macros.  If that is unsuccessful, or if
+** -DSQLITE_RUNTIME_BYTEORDER=1 is set, then byte-order is determined
+** at run-time.
+*/
+#if (defined(i386)     || defined(__i386__)   || defined(_M_IX86) ||    \
+     defined(__x86_64) || defined(__x86_64__) || defined(_M_X64)  ||    \
+     defined(_M_AMD64) || defined(_M_ARM)     || defined(__x86)   ||    \
+     defined(__arm__)) && !defined(SQLITE_RUNTIME_BYTEORDER)
+# define SQLITE_BYTEORDER    1234
 # define SQLITE_BIGENDIAN    0
 # define SQLITE_LITTLEENDIAN 1
 # define SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE  SQLITE_UTF16LE
-#else
+#endif
+#if (defined(sparc)    || defined(__ppc__))  \
+    && !defined(SQLITE_RUNTIME_BYTEORDER)
+# define SQLITE_BYTEORDER    4321
+# define SQLITE_BIGENDIAN    1
+# define SQLITE_LITTLEENDIAN 0
+# define SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE  SQLITE_UTF16BE
+#endif
+#if !defined(SQLITE_BYTEORDER)
 # ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
-SQLITE_PRIVATE const int sqlite3one = 1;
+  const int sqlite3one = 1;
 # else
-SQLITE_PRIVATE const int sqlite3one;
+  extern const int sqlite3one;
 # endif
+# define SQLITE_BYTEORDER    0     /* 0 means "unknown at compile-time" */
 # define SQLITE_BIGENDIAN    (*(char *)(&sqlite3one)==0)
 # define SQLITE_LITTLEENDIAN (*(char *)(&sqlite3one)==1)
-# define SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE (SQLITE_BIGENDIAN?SQLITE_UTF16BE:SQLITE_UTF16LE)
+# define SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE  (SQLITE_BIGENDIAN?SQLITE_UTF16BE:SQLITE_UTF16LE)
 #endif
 
 /*
 ** Constants for the largest and smallest possible 64-bit signed integers.
 ** These macros are designed to work correctly on both 32-bit and 64-bit
 ** compilers.
 */
 #define LARGEST_INT64  (0xffffffff|(((i64)0x7fffffff)<<32))
@@ -8185,25 +9957,94 @@ SQLITE_PRIVATE const int sqlite3one;
 #define ROUNDDOWN8(x) ((x)&~7)
 
 /*
 ** Assert that the pointer X is aligned to an 8-byte boundary.  This
 ** macro is used only within assert() to verify that the code gets
 ** all alignment restrictions correct.
 **
 ** Except, if SQLITE_4_BYTE_ALIGNED_MALLOC is defined, then the
-** underlying malloc() implemention might return us 4-byte aligned
+** underlying malloc() implementation might return us 4-byte aligned
 ** pointers.  In that case, only verify 4-byte alignment.
 */
 #ifdef SQLITE_4_BYTE_ALIGNED_MALLOC
 # define EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(X)   ((((char*)(X) - (char*)0)&3)==0)
 #else
 # define EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(X)   ((((char*)(X) - (char*)0)&7)==0)
 #endif
 
+/*
+** Disable MMAP on platforms where it is known to not work
+*/
+#if defined(__OpenBSD__) || defined(__QNXNTO__)
+# undef SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE 0
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Default maximum size of memory used by memory-mapped I/O in the VFS
+*/
+#ifdef __APPLE__
+# include <TargetConditionals.h>
+# if TARGET_OS_IPHONE
+#   undef SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
+#   define SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE 0
+# endif
+#endif
+#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
+# if defined(__linux__) \
+  || defined(_WIN32) \
+  || (defined(__APPLE__) && defined(__MACH__)) \
+  || defined(__sun) \
+  || defined(__FreeBSD__) \
+  || defined(__DragonFly__)
+#   define SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE 0x7fff0000  /* 2147418112 */
+# else
+#   define SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE 0
+# endif
+# define SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE_xc 1 /* exclude from ctime.c */
+#endif
+
+/*
+** The default MMAP_SIZE is zero on all platforms.  Or, even if a larger
+** default MMAP_SIZE is specified at compile-time, make sure that it does
+** not exceed the maximum mmap size.
+*/
+#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE 0
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE_xc 1  /* Exclude from ctime.c */
+#endif
+#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
+# undef SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE
+# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
+#endif
+
+/*
+** Only one of SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 or SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 can be defined.
+** Priority is given to SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4.  If either are defined, also
+** define SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
+*/
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
+# undef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
+# define SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 1
+#elif SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
+# define SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 1
+#elif SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
+# undef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
+#endif
+
+/*
+** SELECTTRACE_ENABLED will be either 1 or 0 depending on whether or not
+** the Select query generator tracing logic is turned on.
+*/
+#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SELECTTRACE)
+# define SELECTTRACE_ENABLED 1
+#else
+# define SELECTTRACE_ENABLED 0
+#endif
 
 /*
 ** An instance of the following structure is used to store the busy-handler
 ** callback for a given sqlite handle. 
 **
 ** The sqlite.busyHandler member of the sqlite struct contains the busy
 ** callback for the database handle. Each pager opened via the sqlite
 ** handle is passed a pointer to sqlite.busyHandler. The busy-handler
@@ -8236,16 +10077,21 @@ struct BusyHandler {
 
 /*
 ** A convenience macro that returns the number of elements in
 ** an array.
 */
 #define ArraySize(X)    ((int)(sizeof(X)/sizeof(X[0])))
 
 /*
+** Determine if the argument is a power of two
+*/
+#define IsPowerOfTwo(X) (((X)&((X)-1))==0)
+
+/*
 ** The following value as a destructor means to use sqlite3DbFree().
 ** The sqlite3DbFree() routine requires two parameters instead of the 
 ** one parameter that destructors normally want.  So we have to introduce 
 ** this magic value that the code knows to handle differently.  Any 
 ** pointer will work here as long as it is distinct from SQLITE_STATIC
 ** and SQLITE_TRANSIENT.
 */
 #define SQLITE_DYNAMIC   ((sqlite3_destructor_type)sqlite3MallocSize)
@@ -8263,18 +10109,18 @@ struct BusyHandler {
 **
 ** In the usual case where WSD is supported, the SQLITE_WSD and GLOBAL
 ** macros become no-ops and have zero performance impact.
 */
 #ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
   #define SQLITE_WSD const
   #define GLOBAL(t,v) (*(t*)sqlite3_wsd_find((void*)&(v), sizeof(v)))
   #define sqlite3GlobalConfig GLOBAL(struct Sqlite3Config, sqlite3Config)
-SQLITE_API   int sqlite3_wsd_init(int N, int J);
-SQLITE_API   void *sqlite3_wsd_find(void *K, int L);
+SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_wsd_init(int N, int J);
+SQLITE_API void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_wsd_find(void *K, int L);
 #else
   #define SQLITE_WSD 
   #define GLOBAL(t,v) v
   #define sqlite3GlobalConfig sqlite3Config
 #endif
 
 /*
 ** The following macros are used to suppress compiler warnings and to
@@ -8318,35 +10164,37 @@ typedef struct Index Index;
 typedef struct IndexSample IndexSample;
 typedef struct KeyClass KeyClass;
 typedef struct KeyInfo KeyInfo;
 typedef struct Lookaside Lookaside;
 typedef struct LookasideSlot LookasideSlot;
 typedef struct Module Module;
 typedef struct NameContext NameContext;
 typedef struct Parse Parse;
+typedef struct PrintfArguments PrintfArguments;
 typedef struct RowSet RowSet;
 typedef struct Savepoint Savepoint;
 typedef struct Select Select;
+typedef struct SQLiteThread SQLiteThread;
 typedef struct SelectDest SelectDest;
 typedef struct SrcList SrcList;
 typedef struct StrAccum StrAccum;
 typedef struct Table Table;
 typedef struct TableLock TableLock;
 typedef struct Token Token;
+typedef struct TreeView TreeView;
 typedef struct Trigger Trigger;
 typedef struct TriggerPrg TriggerPrg;
 typedef struct TriggerStep TriggerStep;
 typedef struct UnpackedRecord UnpackedRecord;
 typedef struct VTable VTable;
 typedef struct VtabCtx VtabCtx;
 typedef struct Walker Walker;
-typedef struct WherePlan WherePlan;
 typedef struct WhereInfo WhereInfo;
-typedef struct WhereLevel WhereLevel;
+typedef struct With With;
 
 /*
 ** Defer sourcing vdbe.h and btree.h until after the "u8" and 
 ** "BusyHandler" typedefs. vdbe.h also requires a few of the opaque
 ** pointer types (i.e. FuncDef) defined above.
 */
 /************** Include btree.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h *****************/
 /************** Begin file btree.h *******************************************/
@@ -8366,17 +10214,17 @@ typedef struct WhereLevel WhereLevel;
 ** of what each interface routine does.
 */
 #ifndef _BTREE_H_
 #define _BTREE_H_
 
 /* TODO: This definition is just included so other modules compile. It
 ** needs to be revisited.
 */
-#define SQLITE_N_BTREE_META 10
+#define SQLITE_N_BTREE_META 16
 
 /*
 ** If defined as non-zero, auto-vacuum is enabled by default. Otherwise
 ** it must be turned on for each database using "PRAGMA auto_vacuum = 1".
 */
 #ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM
   #define SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM 0
 #endif
@@ -8410,34 +10258,36 @@ SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeOpen(
 */
 #define BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL  1  /* Do not create or use a rollback journal */
 #define BTREE_MEMORY        2  /* This is an in-memory DB */
 #define BTREE_SINGLE        4  /* The file contains at most 1 b-tree */
 #define BTREE_UNORDERED     8  /* Use of a hash implementation is OK */
 
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeClose(Btree*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(Btree*,int);
-SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetSafetyLevel(Btree*,int,int,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetSpillSize(Btree*,int);
+#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
+SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3BtreeSetMmapLimit(Btree*,sqlite3_int64);
+#endif
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetPagerFlags(Btree*,unsigned);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSyncDisabled(Btree*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(Btree *p, int nPagesize, int nReserve, int eFix);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(Btree*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeMaxPageCount(Btree*,int);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(Btree*,int);
-SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetReserve(Btree*);
-#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetOptimalReserve(Btree*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetReserveNoMutex(Btree *p);
-#endif
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(Btree *, int);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetAutoVacuum(Btree *);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(Btree*,int);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(Btree*, const char *zMaster);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo(Btree*, int);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommit(Btree*);
-SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeRollback(Btree*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeRollback(Btree*,int,int);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(Btree*,int);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(Btree*, int*, int flags);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(Btree*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(Btree*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsInBackup(Btree*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3BtreeSchema(Btree *, int, void(*)(void *));
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSchemaLocked(Btree *pBtree);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeLockTable(Btree *pBtree, int iTab, u8 isWriteLock);
@@ -8459,17 +10309,18 @@ SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIncrVacuu
 ** anywhere - the key is the content.  (BTREE_BLOBKEY is used for SQL
 ** indices.)
 */
 #define BTREE_INTKEY     1    /* Table has only 64-bit signed integer keys */
 #define BTREE_BLOBKEY    2    /* Table has keys only - no data */
 
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeDropTable(Btree*, int, int*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeClearTable(Btree*, int, int*);
-SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeTripAllCursors(Btree*, int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeClearTableOfCursor(BtCursor*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeTripAllCursors(Btree*, int, int);
 
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(Btree *pBtree, int idx, u32 *pValue);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta(Btree*, int idx, u32 value);
 
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeNewDb(Btree *p);
 
 /*
 ** The second parameter to sqlite3BtreeGetMeta or sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta
@@ -8477,77 +10328,144 @@ SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeNewDb(Btr
 ** to constants so that the offset of the corresponding field in an
 ** SQLite database header may be found using the following formula:
 **
 **   offset = 36 + (idx * 4)
 **
 ** For example, the free-page-count field is located at byte offset 36 of
 ** the database file header. The incr-vacuum-flag field is located at
 ** byte offset 64 (== 36+4*7).
+**
+** The BTREE_DATA_VERSION value is not really a value stored in the header.
+** It is a read-only number computed by the pager.  But we merge it with
+** the header value access routines since its access pattern is the same.
+** Call it a "virtual meta value".
 */
 #define BTREE_FREE_PAGE_COUNT     0
 #define BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION      1
 #define BTREE_FILE_FORMAT         2
 #define BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE  3
 #define BTREE_LARGEST_ROOT_PAGE   4
 #define BTREE_TEXT_ENCODING       5
 #define BTREE_USER_VERSION        6
 #define BTREE_INCR_VACUUM         7
-
-/*
-** Values that may be OR'd together to form the second argument of an
-** sqlite3BtreeCursorHints() call.
-*/
-#define BTREE_BULKLOAD 0x00000001
+#define BTREE_APPLICATION_ID      8
+#define BTREE_DATA_VERSION        15  /* A virtual meta-value */
+
+/*
+** Kinds of hints that can be passed into the sqlite3BtreeCursorHint()
+** interface.
+**
+** BTREE_HINT_RANGE  (arguments: Expr*, Mem*)
+**
+**     The first argument is an Expr* (which is guaranteed to be constant for
+**     the lifetime of the cursor) that defines constraints on which rows
+**     might be fetched with this cursor.  The Expr* tree may contain
+**     TK_REGISTER nodes that refer to values stored in the array of registers
+**     passed as the second parameter.  In other words, if Expr.op==TK_REGISTER
+**     then the value of the node is the value in Mem[pExpr.iTable].  Any
+**     TK_COLUMN node in the expression tree refers to the Expr.iColumn-th
+**     column of the b-tree of the cursor.  The Expr tree will not contain
+**     any function calls nor subqueries nor references to b-trees other than
+**     the cursor being hinted.
+**
+**     The design of the _RANGE hint is aid b-tree implementations that try
+**     to prefetch content from remote machines - to provide those
+**     implementations with limits on what needs to be prefetched and thereby
+**     reduce network bandwidth.
+**
+** Note that BTREE_HINT_FLAGS with BTREE_BULKLOAD is the only hint used by
+** standard SQLite.  The other hints are provided for extentions that use
+** the SQLite parser and code generator but substitute their own storage
+** engine.
+*/
+#define BTREE_HINT_RANGE 0       /* Range constraints on queries */
+
+/*
+** Values that may be OR'd together to form the argument to the
+** BTREE_HINT_FLAGS hint for sqlite3BtreeCursorHint():
+**
+** The BTREE_BULKLOAD flag is set on index cursors when the index is going
+** to be filled with content that is already in sorted order.
+**
+** The BTREE_SEEK_EQ flag is set on cursors that will get OP_SeekGE or
+** OP_SeekLE opcodes for a range search, but where the range of entries
+** selected will all have the same key.  In other words, the cursor will
+** be used only for equality key searches.
+**
+*/
+#define BTREE_BULKLOAD 0x00000001  /* Used to full index in sorted order */
+#define BTREE_SEEK_EQ  0x00000002  /* EQ seeks only - no range seeks */
+
+/* 
+** Flags passed as the third argument to sqlite3BtreeCursor().
+**
+** For read-only cursors the wrFlag argument is always zero. For read-write
+** cursors it may be set to either (BTREE_WRCSR|BTREE_FORDELETE) or
+** (BTREE_WRCSR). If the BTREE_FORDELETE flag is set, then the cursor will
+** only be used by SQLite for the following:
+**
+**   * to seek to and delete specific entries, and/or
+**
+**   * to read values that will be used to create keys that other
+**     BTREE_FORDELETE cursors will seek to and delete.
+*/
+#define BTREE_WRCSR     0x00000004     /* read-write cursor */
+#define BTREE_FORDELETE 0x00000008     /* Cursor is for seek/delete only */
 
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursor(
   Btree*,                              /* BTree containing table to open */
   int iTable,                          /* Index of root page */
   int wrFlag,                          /* 1 for writing.  0 for read-only */
   struct KeyInfo*,                     /* First argument to compare function */
   BtCursor *pCursor                    /* Space to write cursor structure */
 );
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorSize(void);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeCursorZero(BtCursor*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeCursorHintFlags(BtCursor*, unsigned);
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CURSOR_HINTS
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeCursorHint(BtCursor*, int, ...);
+#endif
 
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(BtCursor*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(
   BtCursor*,
   UnpackedRecord *pUnKey,
   i64 intKey,
   int bias,
   int *pRes
 );
-SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorHasMoved(BtCursor*, int*);
-SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeDelete(BtCursor*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorHasMoved(BtCursor*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorRestore(BtCursor*, int*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeDelete(BtCursor*, int);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeInsert(BtCursor*, const void *pKey, i64 nKey,
                                   const void *pData, int nData,
                                   int nZero, int bias, int seekResult);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeFirst(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeLast(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeNext(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeEof(BtCursor*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeKeySize(BtCursor*, i64 *pSize);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeKey(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
-SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3BtreeKeyFetch(BtCursor*, int *pAmt);
-SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3BtreeDataFetch(BtCursor*, int *pAmt);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3BtreeKeyFetch(BtCursor*, u32 *pAmt);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3BtreeDataFetch(BtCursor*, u32 *pAmt);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeDataSize(BtCursor*, u32 *pSize);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
-SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeSetCachedRowid(BtCursor*, sqlite3_int64);
-SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_int64 sqlite3BtreeGetCachedRowid(BtCursor*);
 
 SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(Btree*, int *aRoot, int nRoot, int, int*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE struct Pager *sqlite3BtreePager(Btree*);
 
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePutData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
-SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeCacheOverflow(BtCursor *);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeIncrblobCursor(BtCursor *);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(BtCursor *);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(Btree *pBt, int iVersion);
-SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeCursorHints(BtCursor *, unsigned int mask);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorHasHint(BtCursor*, unsigned int mask);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsReadonly(Btree *pBt);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3HeaderSizeBtree(void);
 
 #ifndef NDEBUG
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(BtCursor*);
 #endif
 
 #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCount(BtCursor *, i64 *);
 #endif
@@ -8633,56 +10551,61 @@ SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3SchemaMutexH
 ** of this structure.
 */
 typedef struct Vdbe Vdbe;
 
 /*
 ** The names of the following types declared in vdbeInt.h are required
 ** for the VdbeOp definition.
 */
-typedef struct VdbeFunc VdbeFunc;
 typedef struct Mem Mem;
 typedef struct SubProgram SubProgram;
 
 /*
 ** A single instruction of the virtual machine has an opcode
 ** and as many as three operands.  The instruction is recorded
 ** as an instance of the following structure:
 */
 struct VdbeOp {
   u8 opcode;          /* What operation to perform */
   signed char p4type; /* One of the P4_xxx constants for p4 */
   u8 opflags;         /* Mask of the OPFLG_* flags in opcodes.h */
   u8 p5;              /* Fifth parameter is an unsigned character */
   int p1;             /* First operand */
   int p2;             /* Second parameter (often the jump destination) */
   int p3;             /* The third parameter */
-  union {             /* fourth parameter */
+  union p4union {     /* fourth parameter */
     int i;                 /* Integer value if p4type==P4_INT32 */
     void *p;               /* Generic pointer */
     char *z;               /* Pointer to data for string (char array) types */
     i64 *pI64;             /* Used when p4type is P4_INT64 */
     double *pReal;         /* Used when p4type is P4_REAL */
     FuncDef *pFunc;        /* Used when p4type is P4_FUNCDEF */
-    VdbeFunc *pVdbeFunc;   /* Used when p4type is P4_VDBEFUNC */
+    sqlite3_context *pCtx; /* Used when p4type is P4_FUNCCTX */
     CollSeq *pColl;        /* Used when p4type is P4_COLLSEQ */
     Mem *pMem;             /* Used when p4type is P4_MEM */
     VTable *pVtab;         /* Used when p4type is P4_VTAB */
     KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;     /* Used when p4type is P4_KEYINFO */
     int *ai;               /* Used when p4type is P4_INTARRAY */
     SubProgram *pProgram;  /* Used when p4type is P4_SUBPROGRAM */
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CURSOR_HINTS
+    Expr *pExpr;           /* Used when p4type is P4_EXPR */
+#endif
     int (*xAdvance)(BtCursor *, int *);
   } p4;
-#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
+#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
   char *zComment;          /* Comment to improve readability */
 #endif
 #ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
-  int cnt;                 /* Number of times this instruction was executed */
+  u32 cnt;                 /* Number of times this instruction was executed */
   u64 cycles;              /* Total time spent executing this instruction */
 #endif
+#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
+  int iSrcLine;            /* Source-code line that generated this opcode */
+#endif
 };
 typedef struct VdbeOp VdbeOp;
 
 
 /*
 ** A sub-routine used to implement a trigger program.
 */
 struct SubProgram {
@@ -8711,37 +10634,34 @@ typedef struct VdbeOpList VdbeOpList;
 ** Allowed values of VdbeOp.p4type
 */
 #define P4_NOTUSED    0   /* The P4 parameter is not used */
 #define P4_DYNAMIC  (-1)  /* Pointer to a string obtained from sqliteMalloc() */
 #define P4_STATIC   (-2)  /* Pointer to a static string */
 #define P4_COLLSEQ  (-4)  /* P4 is a pointer to a CollSeq structure */
 #define P4_FUNCDEF  (-5)  /* P4 is a pointer to a FuncDef structure */
 #define P4_KEYINFO  (-6)  /* P4 is a pointer to a KeyInfo structure */
-#define P4_VDBEFUNC (-7)  /* P4 is a pointer to a VdbeFunc structure */
+#define P4_EXPR     (-7)  /* P4 is a pointer to an Expr tree */
 #define P4_MEM      (-8)  /* P4 is a pointer to a Mem*    structure */
 #define P4_TRANSIENT  0   /* P4 is a pointer to a transient string */
 #define P4_VTAB     (-10) /* P4 is a pointer to an sqlite3_vtab structure */
 #define P4_MPRINTF  (-11) /* P4 is a string obtained from sqlite3_mprintf() */
 #define P4_REAL     (-12) /* P4 is a 64-bit floating point value */
 #define P4_INT64    (-13) /* P4 is a 64-bit signed integer */
 #define P4_INT32    (-14) /* P4 is a 32-bit signed integer */
 #define P4_INTARRAY (-15) /* P4 is a vector of 32-bit integers */
 #define P4_SUBPROGRAM  (-18) /* P4 is a pointer to a SubProgram structure */
 #define P4_ADVANCE  (-19) /* P4 is a pointer to BtreeNext() or BtreePrev() */
-
-/* When adding a P4 argument using P4_KEYINFO, a copy of the KeyInfo structure
-** is made.  That copy is freed when the Vdbe is finalized.  But if the
-** argument is P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF, the passed in pointer is used.  It still
-** gets freed when the Vdbe is finalized so it still should be obtained
-** from a single sqliteMalloc().  But no copy is made and the calling
-** function should *not* try to free the KeyInfo.
-*/
-#define P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF (-16)
-#define P4_KEYINFO_STATIC  (-17)
+#define P4_FUNCCTX  (-20) /* P4 is a pointer to an sqlite3_context object */
+
+/* Error message codes for OP_Halt */
+#define P5_ConstraintNotNull 1
+#define P5_ConstraintUnique  2
+#define P5_ConstraintCheck   3
+#define P5_ConstraintFK      4
 
 /*
 ** The Vdbe.aColName array contains 5n Mem structures, where n is the 
 ** number of columns of data returned by the statement.
 */
 #define COLNAME_NAME     0
 #define COLNAME_DECLTYPE 1
 #define COLNAME_DATABASE 2
@@ -8767,271 +10687,349 @@ typedef struct VdbeOpList VdbeOpList;
 
 /*
 ** The makefile scans the vdbe.c source file and creates the "opcodes.h"
 ** header file that defines a number for each opcode used by the VDBE.
 */
 /************** Include opcodes.h in the middle of vdbe.h ********************/
 /************** Begin file opcodes.h *****************************************/
 /* Automatically generated.  Do not edit */
-/* See the mkopcodeh.awk script for details */
-#define OP_Goto                                 1
-#define OP_Gosub                                2
-#define OP_Return                               3
-#define OP_Yield                                4
-#define OP_HaltIfNull                           5
-#define OP_Halt                                 6
-#define OP_Integer                              7
-#define OP_Int64                                8
-#define OP_Real                               130   /* same as TK_FLOAT    */
-#define OP_String8                             94   /* same as TK_STRING   */
-#define OP_String                               9
-#define OP_Null                                10
-#define OP_Blob                                11
-#define OP_Variable                            12
-#define OP_Move                                13
-#define OP_Copy                                14
-#define OP_SCopy                               15
-#define OP_ResultRow                           16
-#define OP_Concat                              91   /* same as TK_CONCAT   */
-#define OP_Add                                 86   /* same as TK_PLUS     */
-#define OP_Subtract                            87   /* same as TK_MINUS    */
-#define OP_Multiply                            88   /* same as TK_STAR     */
-#define OP_Divide                              89   /* same as TK_SLASH    */
-#define OP_Remainder                           90   /* same as TK_REM      */
-#define OP_CollSeq                             17
-#define OP_Function                            18
-#define OP_BitAnd                              82   /* same as TK_BITAND   */
-#define OP_BitOr                               83   /* same as TK_BITOR    */
-#define OP_ShiftLeft                           84   /* same as TK_LSHIFT   */
-#define OP_ShiftRight                          85   /* same as TK_RSHIFT   */
-#define OP_AddImm                              20
-#define OP_MustBeInt                           21
-#define OP_RealAffinity                        22
-#define OP_ToText                             141   /* same as TK_TO_TEXT  */
-#define OP_ToBlob                             142   /* same as TK_TO_BLOB  */
-#define OP_ToNumeric                          143   /* same as TK_TO_NUMERIC*/
-#define OP_ToInt                              144   /* same as TK_TO_INT   */
-#define OP_ToReal                             145   /* same as TK_TO_REAL  */
-#define OP_Eq                                  76   /* same as TK_EQ       */
-#define OP_Ne                                  75   /* same as TK_NE       */
-#define OP_Lt                                  79   /* same as TK_LT       */
-#define OP_Le                                  78   /* same as TK_LE       */
-#define OP_Gt                                  77   /* same as TK_GT       */
-#define OP_Ge                                  80   /* same as TK_GE       */
-#define OP_Permutation                         23
-#define OP_Compare                             24
-#define OP_Jump                                25
-#define OP_And                                 69   /* same as TK_AND      */
-#define OP_Or                                  68   /* same as TK_OR       */
-#define OP_Not                                 19   /* same as TK_NOT      */
-#define OP_BitNot                              93   /* same as TK_BITNOT   */
-#define OP_Once                                26
-#define OP_If                                  27
-#define OP_IfNot                               28
-#define OP_IsNull                              73   /* same as TK_ISNULL   */
-#define OP_NotNull                             74   /* same as TK_NOTNULL  */
-#define OP_Column                              29
-#define OP_Affinity                            30
-#define OP_MakeRecord                          31
-#define OP_Count                               32
-#define OP_Savepoint                           33
-#define OP_AutoCommit                          34
-#define OP_Transaction                         35
-#define OP_ReadCookie                          36
-#define OP_SetCookie                           37
-#define OP_VerifyCookie                        38
-#define OP_OpenRead                            39
-#define OP_OpenWrite                           40
-#define OP_OpenAutoindex                       41
-#define OP_OpenEphemeral                       42
-#define OP_SorterOpen                          43
-#define OP_OpenPseudo                          44
-#define OP_Close                               45
-#define OP_SeekLt                              46
-#define OP_SeekLe                              47
-#define OP_SeekGe                              48
-#define OP_SeekGt                              49
-#define OP_Seek                                50
-#define OP_NotFound                            51
-#define OP_Found                               52
-#define OP_IsUnique                            53
-#define OP_NotExists                           54
-#define OP_Sequence                            55
-#define OP_NewRowid                            56
-#define OP_Insert                              57
-#define OP_InsertInt                           58
-#define OP_Delete                              59
-#define OP_ResetCount                          60
-#define OP_SorterCompare                       61
-#define OP_SorterData                          62
-#define OP_RowKey                              63
-#define OP_RowData                             64
-#define OP_Rowid                               65
-#define OP_NullRow                             66
-#define OP_Last                                67
-#define OP_SorterSort                          70
-#define OP_Sort                                71
-#define OP_Rewind                              72
-#define OP_SorterNext                          81
-#define OP_Prev                                92
-#define OP_Next                                95
-#define OP_SorterInsert                        96
-#define OP_IdxInsert                           97
-#define OP_IdxDelete                           98
-#define OP_IdxRowid                            99
-#define OP_IdxLT                              100
-#define OP_IdxGE                              101
-#define OP_Destroy                            102
-#define OP_Clear                              103
-#define OP_CreateIndex                        104
-#define OP_CreateTable                        105
-#define OP_ParseSchema                        106
-#define OP_LoadAnalysis                       107
-#define OP_DropTable                          108
-#define OP_DropIndex                          109
-#define OP_DropTrigger                        110
-#define OP_IntegrityCk                        111
-#define OP_RowSetAdd                          112
-#define OP_RowSetRead                         113
-#define OP_RowSetTest                         114
-#define OP_Program                            115
-#define OP_Param                              116
-#define OP_FkCounter                          117
-#define OP_FkIfZero                           118
-#define OP_MemMax                             119
-#define OP_IfPos                              120
-#define OP_IfNeg                              121
-#define OP_IfZero                             122
-#define OP_AggStep                            123
-#define OP_AggFinal                           124
-#define OP_Checkpoint                         125
-#define OP_JournalMode                        126
-#define OP_Vacuum                             127
-#define OP_IncrVacuum                         128
-#define OP_Expire                             129
-#define OP_TableLock                          131
-#define OP_VBegin                             132
-#define OP_VCreate                            133
-#define OP_VDestroy                           134
-#define OP_VOpen                              135
-#define OP_VFilter                            136
-#define OP_VColumn                            137
-#define OP_VNext                              138
-#define OP_VRename                            139
-#define OP_VUpdate                            140
-#define OP_Pagecount                          146
-#define OP_MaxPgcnt                           147
-#define OP_Trace                              148
-#define OP_Noop                               149
-#define OP_Explain                            150
-
+/* See the tool/mkopcodeh.tcl script for details */
+#define OP_Savepoint       1
+#define OP_AutoCommit      2
+#define OP_Transaction     3
+#define OP_SorterNext      4
+#define OP_PrevIfOpen      5
+#define OP_NextIfOpen      6
+#define OP_Prev            7
+#define OP_Next            8
+#define OP_Checkpoint      9
+#define OP_JournalMode    10
+#define OP_Vacuum         11
+#define OP_VFilter        12 /* synopsis: iplan=r[P3] zplan='P4'           */
+#define OP_VUpdate        13 /* synopsis: data=r[P3@P2]                    */
+#define OP_Goto           14
+#define OP_Gosub          15
+#define OP_Return         16
+#define OP_InitCoroutine  17
+#define OP_EndCoroutine   18
+#define OP_Not            19 /* same as TK_NOT, synopsis: r[P2]= !r[P1]    */
+#define OP_Yield          20
+#define OP_HaltIfNull     21 /* synopsis: if r[P3]=null halt               */
+#define OP_Halt           22
+#define OP_Integer        23 /* synopsis: r[P2]=P1                         */
+#define OP_Int64          24 /* synopsis: r[P2]=P4                         */
+#define OP_String         25 /* synopsis: r[P2]='P4' (len=P1)              */
+#define OP_Null           26 /* synopsis: r[P2..P3]=NULL                   */
+#define OP_SoftNull       27 /* synopsis: r[P1]=NULL                       */
+#define OP_Blob           28 /* synopsis: r[P2]=P4 (len=P1)                */
+#define OP_Variable       29 /* synopsis: r[P2]=parameter(P1,P4)           */
+#define OP_Move           30 /* synopsis: r[P2@P3]=r[P1@P3]                */
+#define OP_Copy           31 /* synopsis: r[P2@P3+1]=r[P1@P3+1]            */
+#define OP_SCopy          32 /* synopsis: r[P2]=r[P1]                      */
+#define OP_IntCopy        33 /* synopsis: r[P2]=r[P1]                      */
+#define OP_ResultRow      34 /* synopsis: output=r[P1@P2]                  */
+#define OP_CollSeq        35
+#define OP_Function0      36 /* synopsis: r[P3]=func(r[P2@P5])             */
+#define OP_Function       37 /* synopsis: r[P3]=func(r[P2@P5])             */
+#define OP_AddImm         38 /* synopsis: r[P1]=r[P1]+P2                   */
+#define OP_MustBeInt      39
+#define OP_RealAffinity   40
+#define OP_Cast           41 /* synopsis: affinity(r[P1])                  */
+#define OP_Permutation    42
+#define OP_Compare        43 /* synopsis: r[P1@P3] <-> r[P2@P3]            */
+#define OP_Jump           44
+#define OP_Once           45
+#define OP_If             46
+#define OP_IfNot          47
+#define OP_Column         48 /* synopsis: r[P3]=PX                         */
+#define OP_Affinity       49 /* synopsis: affinity(r[P1@P2])               */
+#define OP_MakeRecord     50 /* synopsis: r[P3]=mkrec(r[P1@P2])            */
+#define OP_Count          51 /* synopsis: r[P2]=count()                    */
+#define OP_ReadCookie     52
+#define OP_SetCookie      53
+#define OP_ReopenIdx      54 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3                   */
+#define OP_OpenRead       55 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3                   */
+#define OP_OpenWrite      56 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3                   */
+#define OP_OpenAutoindex  57 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2                       */
+#define OP_OpenEphemeral  58 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2                       */
+#define OP_SorterOpen     59
+#define OP_SequenceTest   60 /* synopsis: if( cursor[P1].ctr++ ) pc = P2   */
+#define OP_OpenPseudo     61 /* synopsis: P3 columns in r[P2]              */
+#define OP_Close          62
+#define OP_ColumnsUsed    63
+#define OP_SeekLT         64 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
+#define OP_SeekLE         65 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
+#define OP_SeekGE         66 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
+#define OP_SeekGT         67 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
+#define OP_Seek           68 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P2]                     */
+#define OP_NoConflict     69 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
+#define OP_NotFound       70 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
+#define OP_Or             71 /* same as TK_OR, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2]) */
+#define OP_And            72 /* same as TK_AND, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2]) */
+#define OP_Found          73 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
+#define OP_NotExists      74 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3]                     */
+#define OP_Sequence       75 /* synopsis: r[P2]=cursor[P1].ctr++           */
+#define OP_IsNull         76 /* same as TK_ISNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]==NULL goto P2 */
+#define OP_NotNull        77 /* same as TK_NOTNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2 */
+#define OP_Ne             78 /* same as TK_NE, synopsis: if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2 */
+#define OP_Eq             79 /* same as TK_EQ, synopsis: if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2 */
+#define OP_Gt             80 /* same as TK_GT, synopsis: if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2 */
+#define OP_Le             81 /* same as TK_LE, synopsis: if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2 */
+#define OP_Lt             82 /* same as TK_LT, synopsis: if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P2 */
+#define OP_Ge             83 /* same as TK_GE, synopsis: if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2 */
+#define OP_NewRowid       84 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
+#define OP_BitAnd         85 /* same as TK_BITAND, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2] */
+#define OP_BitOr          86 /* same as TK_BITOR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2] */
+#define OP_ShiftLeft      87 /* same as TK_LSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1] */
+#define OP_ShiftRight     88 /* same as TK_RSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1] */
+#define OP_Add            89 /* same as TK_PLUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2] */
+#define OP_Subtract       90 /* same as TK_MINUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1] */
+#define OP_Multiply       91 /* same as TK_STAR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2] */
+#define OP_Divide         92 /* same as TK_SLASH, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]/r[P1] */
+#define OP_Remainder      93 /* same as TK_REM, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]%r[P1] */
+#define OP_Concat         94 /* same as TK_CONCAT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1] */
+#define OP_Insert         95 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]          */
+#define OP_BitNot         96 /* same as TK_BITNOT, synopsis: r[P1]= ~r[P1] */
+#define OP_String8        97 /* same as TK_STRING, synopsis: r[P2]='P4'    */
+#define OP_InsertInt      98 /* synopsis: intkey=P3 data=r[P2]             */
+#define OP_Delete         99
+#define OP_ResetCount    100
+#define OP_SorterCompare 101 /* synopsis: if key(P1)!=trim(r[P3],P4) goto P2 */
+#define OP_SorterData    102 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
+#define OP_RowKey        103 /* synopsis: r[P2]=key                        */
+#define OP_RowData       104 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
+#define OP_Rowid         105 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
+#define OP_NullRow       106
+#define OP_Last          107
+#define OP_SorterSort    108
+#define OP_Sort          109
+#define OP_Rewind        110
+#define OP_SorterInsert  111
+#define OP_IdxInsert     112 /* synopsis: key=r[P2]                        */
+#define OP_IdxDelete     113 /* synopsis: key=r[P2@P3]                     */
+#define OP_IdxRowid      114 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
+#define OP_IdxLE         115 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
+#define OP_IdxGT         116 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
+#define OP_IdxLT         117 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
+#define OP_IdxGE         118 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
+#define OP_Destroy       119
+#define OP_Clear         120
+#define OP_ResetSorter   121
+#define OP_CreateIndex   122 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
+#define OP_CreateTable   123 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
+#define OP_ParseSchema   124
+#define OP_LoadAnalysis  125
+#define OP_DropTable     126
+#define OP_DropIndex     127
+#define OP_DropTrigger   128
+#define OP_IntegrityCk   129
+#define OP_RowSetAdd     130 /* synopsis: rowset(P1)=r[P2]                 */
+#define OP_RowSetRead    131 /* synopsis: r[P3]=rowset(P1)                 */
+#define OP_RowSetTest    132 /* synopsis: if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2   */
+#define OP_Real          133 /* same as TK_FLOAT, synopsis: r[P2]=P4       */
+#define OP_Program       134
+#define OP_Param         135
+#define OP_FkCounter     136 /* synopsis: fkctr[P1]+=P2                    */
+#define OP_FkIfZero      137 /* synopsis: if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2          */
+#define OP_MemMax        138 /* synopsis: r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])           */
+#define OP_IfPos         139 /* synopsis: if r[P1]>0 then r[P1]-=P3, goto P2 */
+#define OP_SetIfNotPos   140 /* synopsis: if r[P1]<=0 then r[P2]=P3        */
+#define OP_IfNotZero     141 /* synopsis: if r[P1]!=0 then r[P1]-=P3, goto P2 */
+#define OP_DecrJumpZero  142 /* synopsis: if (--r[P1])==0 goto P2          */
+#define OP_JumpZeroIncr  143 /* synopsis: if (r[P1]++)==0 ) goto P2        */
+#define OP_AggStep0      144 /* synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])       */
+#define OP_AggStep       145 /* synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])       */
+#define OP_AggFinal      146 /* synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2                 */
+#define OP_IncrVacuum    147
+#define OP_Expire        148
+#define OP_TableLock     149 /* synopsis: iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3          */
+#define OP_VBegin        150
+#define OP_VCreate       151
+#define OP_VDestroy      152
+#define OP_VOpen         153
+#define OP_VColumn       154 /* synopsis: r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)                */
+#define OP_VNext         155
+#define OP_VRename       156
+#define OP_Pagecount     157
+#define OP_MaxPgcnt      158
+#define OP_Init          159 /* synopsis: Start at P2                      */
+#define OP_CursorHint    160
+#define OP_Noop          161
+#define OP_Explain       162
 
 /* Properties such as "out2" or "jump" that are specified in
 ** comments following the "case" for each opcode in the vdbe.c
 ** are encoded into bitvectors as follows:
 */
 #define OPFLG_JUMP            0x0001  /* jump:  P2 holds jmp target */
-#define OPFLG_OUT2_PRERELEASE 0x0002  /* out2-prerelease: */
-#define OPFLG_IN1             0x0004  /* in1:   P1 is an input */
-#define OPFLG_IN2             0x0008  /* in2:   P2 is an input */
-#define OPFLG_IN3             0x0010  /* in3:   P3 is an input */
-#define OPFLG_OUT2            0x0020  /* out2:  P2 is an output */
-#define OPFLG_OUT3            0x0040  /* out3:  P3 is an output */
+#define OPFLG_IN1             0x0002  /* in1:   P1 is an input */
+#define OPFLG_IN2             0x0004  /* in2:   P2 is an input */
+#define OPFLG_IN3             0x0008  /* in3:   P3 is an input */
+#define OPFLG_OUT2            0x0010  /* out2:  P2 is an output */
+#define OPFLG_OUT3            0x0020  /* out3:  P3 is an output */
 #define OPFLG_INITIALIZER {\
-/*   0 */ 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x04, 0x04, 0x10, 0x00, 0x02,\
-/*   8 */ 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x24,\
-/*  16 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x24, 0x04, 0x05, 0x04, 0x00,\
-/*  24 */ 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x05, 0x05, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
-/*  32 */ 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00,\
-/*  40 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x11, 0x11,\
-/*  48 */ 0x11, 0x11, 0x08, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x02,\
-/*  56 */ 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
-/*  64 */ 0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x01, 0x01,\
-/*  72 */ 0x01, 0x05, 0x05, 0x15, 0x15, 0x15, 0x15, 0x15,\
-/*  80 */ 0x15, 0x01, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c,\
-/*  88 */ 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x01, 0x24, 0x02, 0x01,\
-/*  96 */ 0x08, 0x08, 0x00, 0x02, 0x01, 0x01, 0x02, 0x00,\
-/* 104 */ 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
-/* 112 */ 0x0c, 0x45, 0x15, 0x01, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x08,\
-/* 120 */ 0x05, 0x05, 0x05, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x00,\
-/* 128 */ 0x01, 0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
-/* 136 */ 0x01, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x04, 0x04, 0x04,\
-/* 144 */ 0x04, 0x04, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,}
+/*   0 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01,\
+/*   8 */ 0x01, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01,\
+/*  16 */ 0x02, 0x01, 0x02, 0x12, 0x03, 0x08, 0x00, 0x10,\
+/*  24 */ 0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00,\
+/*  32 */ 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x03,\
+/*  40 */ 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x03, 0x03,\
+/*  48 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x08, 0x00, 0x00,\
+/*  56 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
+/*  64 */ 0x09, 0x09, 0x09, 0x09, 0x04, 0x09, 0x09, 0x26,\
+/*  72 */ 0x26, 0x09, 0x09, 0x10, 0x03, 0x03, 0x0b, 0x0b,\
+/*  80 */ 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x10, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26,\
+/*  88 */ 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x00,\
+/*  96 */ 0x12, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
+/* 104 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x04,\
+/* 112 */ 0x04, 0x00, 0x10, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x10,\
+/* 120 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
+/* 128 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x06, 0x23, 0x0b, 0x10, 0x01, 0x10,\
+/* 136 */ 0x00, 0x01, 0x04, 0x03, 0x06, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03,\
+/* 144 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
+/* 152 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x01,\
+/* 160 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,}
 
 /************** End of opcodes.h *********************************************/
 /************** Continuing where we left off in vdbe.h ***********************/
 
 /*
 ** Prototypes for the VDBE interface.  See comments on the implementation
 ** for a description of what each of these routines does.
 */
-SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3VdbeCreate(sqlite3*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3VdbeCreate(Parse*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(Vdbe*,int);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(Vdbe*,int,int);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(Vdbe*,int,int,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeGoto(Vdbe*,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeLoadString(Vdbe*,int,const char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMultiLoad(Vdbe*,int,const char*,...);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,const char *zP4,int);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,const u8*,int);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,int);
-SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe*, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe*, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp, int iLineno);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeAddParseSchemaOp(Vdbe*,int,char*);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeOpcode(Vdbe*, u32 addr, u8);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P1);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P2);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P3);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe*, u8 P5);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe*, int addr);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe*, int addr);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeDeletePriorOpcode(Vdbe*, u8 op);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(Vdbe*, int addr, const char *zP4, int N);
+SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(Parse*, Index*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(Vdbe*, int);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeGetOp(Vdbe*, int);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(Vdbe*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(Vdbe*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeClearObject(sqlite3*,Vdbe*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(Vdbe*,Parse*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeFinalize(Vdbe*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(Vdbe*, int);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(Vdbe*);
 #ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
 SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(Vdbe *, int);
-SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3VdbeTrace(Vdbe*,FILE*);
 #endif
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeResetStepResult(Vdbe*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeRewind(Vdbe*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeReset(Vdbe*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(Vdbe*,int);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSetColName(Vdbe*, int, int, const char *, void(*)(void*));
 SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(Vdbe*);
 SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3 *sqlite3VdbeDb(Vdbe*);
 SQLITE_PRI