readme.md
author Martin Thomson <martin.thomson@gmail.com>
Fri, 06 Jan 2017 12:03:48 +1300
changeset 13012 c3232dd6d71efa3b4a7d23c8a48ee4ea9616c09a
parent 13007 c6ee6d445710a244835602b94a9c2a071fe82945
child 13039 c188b719789ddbc847c5c69d6feab1386fbf333a
permissions -rw-r--r--
Bug 1328205 - Improve argument handling in scripts, r=ttaubert

# Network Security Services

Network Security Services (NSS) is a set of libraries designed to support
cross-platform development of security-enabled client and server
applications. NSS supports SSL v3-TLS 1.2 (experimental TLS 1.3), PKCS #5, PKCS#7,
PKCS #11, PKCS #12, S/MIME, X.509 v3 certificates, and other security
standards.

## Getting started

In order to get started create a new directory on that you will be uses as your
local work area, and check out NSS and NSPR. (Note that there's no git mirror of
NSPR and you require mercurial to get the latest NSPR source.)

    git clone https://github.com/nss-dev/nss.git
    hg clone https://hg.mozilla.org/projects/nspr

NSS can also be cloned with mercurial `
    hg clone https://hg.mozilla.org/projects/nspr`

## Building NSS

**This build system is under development. It does not yet support all the
features or platforms that NSS supports. To build on anything other than Mac or
Linux please use the legacy build system as described below.**

Build requirements:

* [gyp](https://gyp.gsrc.io/)
* [ninja](https://ninja-build.org/)

After changing into the NSS directory a typical build is done as follows

    ./build.sh

Once the build is done the build output is found in the directory
`../dist/*.OBJ`, where `*` will be a name dynamically derived from your system's
architecture. Exported header files can be found in the `include` directory,
library files in directory `lib`, and tools in directory `bin`. In order to run
the tools, set your system environment to use the libraries of your build from
the "lib" directory, e.g., using the `LD_LIBRARY_PATH` or `DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH`.

    Usage: ${0##*/} [-hcv] [-j <n>] [--nspr] [--gyp|-g] [--opt|-o] [-m32]
                    [--test] [--fuzz] [--pprof] [--scan-build[=output]]
                    [--asan] [--ubsan] [--msan] [--sancov[=edge|bb|func|...]]

    This script builds NSS with gyp and ninja.

    This build system is still under development.  It does not yet support all
    the features or platforms that NSS supports.

    NSS build tool options:

        -h            display this help and exit
        -c            clean before build
        -v            verbose build
        -j <n>        run at most <n> concurrent jobs
        --nspr        force a rebuild of NSPR
        --gyp|-g      force a rerun of gyp
        --opt|-o      do an opt build
        -m32          do a 32-bit build on a 64-bit system
        --test        ignore map files and export everything we have
        --fuzz        enable fuzzing mode. this always enables test builds
        --pprof       build with gperftool support
        --scan-build  run the build with scan-build (scan-build has to be in the path)
                      --scan-build=/out/path sets the output path for scan-build
        --asan        do an asan build
        --ubsan       do an ubsan build
                      --ubsan=bool,shift,... sets specific UB sanitizers
        --msan        do an msan build
        --sancov      do sanitize coverage builds
                      --sancov=func sets coverage to function level for example


## Building NSS (legacy build system)

After changing into the NSS directory a typical build of 32-bit NSS is done as
follows:

    make nss_build_all

The following environment variables might be useful:

* `BUILD_OPT=1` to get an optimised build

* `USE_64=1` to get a 64-bit build (recommended)

The complete list of environment variables can be found
[here](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Mozilla/Projects/NSS/Reference/NSS_environment_variables).

To clean the build directory run:

    make nss_clean_all

## Tests

### Setup

Make sure that the address `$HOST.$DOMSUF` on your computer is available. This
is necessary because NSS tests generate certificates and establish TLS
connections, which requires a fully qualified domain name.
You can test this by
calling `ping $HOST.$DOMSUF`. If this is working, you're all set.  If it's not,
set or export:

    HOST=nss
    DOMSUF=local

Note that you might have to add `nss.local` to `/etc/hosts` if it's not
there. The entry should look something like `127.0.0.1 nss.local nss`.

If you get name resolution errors, try to ensure that you are using an IPv4
address; IPv6 is the default on many systems for the loopback device which
doesn't work.

### Running tests

**Runnning all tests will take a while!**

    cd tests
    ./all.sh

Make sure that all environment variables set for the build are set while running
the tests as well.  Test results are published in the folder
`../../test_results/`.

Individual tests can be run with the `NSS_TESTS` environment variable,
e.g. `NSS_TESTS=ssl_gtests ./all.sh` or by changing into the according directory
and running the bash script there `cd ssl_gtests && ./ssl_gtests.sh`.  The
following tests are available:

    cipher lowhash libpkix cert dbtests tools fips sdr crmf smime ssl ocsp merge pkits chains ec gtests ssl_gtests bogo

To make tests run faster it's recommended to set `NSS_CYCLES=standard` to run
only the standard cycle.

## Releases

NSS releases can be found at [Mozilla's download
server](https://ftp.mozilla.org/pub/security/nss/releases/). Because NSS depends
on the base library NSPR you should download the archive that combines both NSS
and NSPR.

## Contributing

[Bugzilla](https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/) is used to track NSS development and
bugs. File new bugs in the NSS product.

A list with good first bugs to start with are [listed
here](https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/buglist.cgi?keywords=good-first-bug%2C%20&keywords_type=allwords&list_id=13238861&resolution=---&query_format=advanced&product=NSS).

### NSS Folder Structure

The nss directory contains the following important subdirectories:

- `coreconf` contains the build logic.

- `lib` contains all library code that is used to create the runtime libraries.

- `cmd` contains a set of various tool programs that are built with NSS. Several
  tools are general purpose and can be used to inspect and manipulate the
  storage files that software using the NSS library creates and modifies. Other
  tools are only used for testing purposes.

- `test` and `gtests` contain the NSS test suite. While `test` contains shell
  scripts to drive test programs in `cmd`, `gtests` holds a set of
  [gtests](https://github.com/google/googletest).

A more comprehensible overview of the NSS folder structure and API guidelines
can be found
[here](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Mozilla/Projects/NSS/NSS_API_Guidelines).