widget/windows/TSFTextStore.h
author Mike Hommey <mh+mozilla@glandium.org>
Mon, 05 Dec 2022 22:55:14 +0000
changeset 644697 5b124d86f7a10e7427cd90c9baa026b9831a16e3
parent 638453 fb579d79fb25a3b55a416448b9782252fc4c38f0
permissions -rw-r--r--
Bug 1803938 - Adjust patches to clang trunk changes. Differential Revision: https://phabricator.services.mozilla.com/D163799

/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 2; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#ifndef TSFTextStore_h_
#define TSFTextStore_h_

#include "nsCOMPtr.h"
#include "nsIWidget.h"
#include "nsString.h"
#include "nsWindow.h"

#include "WinUtils.h"
#include "WritingModes.h"

#include "mozilla/Attributes.h"
#include "mozilla/Maybe.h"
#include "mozilla/RefPtr.h"
#include "mozilla/StaticPtr.h"
#include "mozilla/TextEventDispatcher.h"
#include "mozilla/TextEvents.h"
#include "mozilla/TextRange.h"
#include "mozilla/WindowsVersion.h"
#include "mozilla/widget/IMEData.h"

#include <msctf.h>
#include <textstor.h>

// GUID_PROP_INPUTSCOPE is declared in inputscope.h using INIT_GUID.
// With initguid.h, we get its instance instead of extern declaration.
#ifdef INPUTSCOPE_INIT_GUID
#  include <initguid.h>
#endif
#ifdef TEXTATTRS_INIT_GUID
#  include <tsattrs.h>
#endif
#include <inputscope.h>

// TSF InputScope, for earlier SDK 8
#define IS_SEARCH static_cast<InputScope>(50)

struct ITfThreadMgr;
struct ITfDocumentMgr;
struct ITfDisplayAttributeMgr;
struct ITfCategoryMgr;
class nsWindow;

inline std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& aStream,
                                const TS_SELECTIONSTYLE& aSelectionStyle) {
  const char* ase = "Unknown";
  switch (aSelectionStyle.ase) {
    case TS_AE_START:
      ase = "TS_AE_START";
      break;
    case TS_AE_END:
      ase = "TS_AE_END";
      break;
    case TS_AE_NONE:
      ase = "TS_AE_NONE";
      break;
  }
  aStream << "{ ase=" << ase << ", fInterimChar="
          << (aSelectionStyle.fInterimChar ? "TRUE" : "FALSE") << " }";
  return aStream;
}

inline std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& aStream,
                                const TS_SELECTION_ACP& aACP) {
  aStream << "{ acpStart=" << aACP.acpStart << ", acpEnd=" << aACP.acpEnd
          << ", style=" << mozilla::ToString(aACP.style).c_str() << " }";
  return aStream;
}

namespace mozilla {
namespace widget {

class TSFStaticSink;
struct MSGResult;

/*
 * Text Services Framework text store
 */

class TSFTextStore final : public ITextStoreACP,
                           public ITfContextOwnerCompositionSink,
                           public ITfMouseTrackerACP {
  friend class TSFStaticSink;

 private:
  typedef IMENotification::SelectionChangeDataBase SelectionChangeDataBase;
  typedef IMENotification::SelectionChangeData SelectionChangeData;
  typedef IMENotification::TextChangeDataBase TextChangeDataBase;
  typedef IMENotification::TextChangeData TextChangeData;

 public: /*IUnknown*/
  STDMETHODIMP QueryInterface(REFIID, void**);

  NS_INLINE_DECL_IUNKNOWN_REFCOUNTING(TSFTextStore)

 public: /*ITextStoreACP*/
  STDMETHODIMP AdviseSink(REFIID, IUnknown*, DWORD);
  STDMETHODIMP UnadviseSink(IUnknown*);
  STDMETHODIMP RequestLock(DWORD, HRESULT*);
  STDMETHODIMP GetStatus(TS_STATUS*);
  STDMETHODIMP QueryInsert(LONG, LONG, ULONG, LONG*, LONG*);
  STDMETHODIMP GetSelection(ULONG, ULONG, TS_SELECTION_ACP*, ULONG*);
  STDMETHODIMP SetSelection(ULONG, const TS_SELECTION_ACP*);
  STDMETHODIMP GetText(LONG, LONG, WCHAR*, ULONG, ULONG*, TS_RUNINFO*, ULONG,
                       ULONG*, LONG*);
  STDMETHODIMP SetText(DWORD, LONG, LONG, const WCHAR*, ULONG, TS_TEXTCHANGE*);
  STDMETHODIMP GetFormattedText(LONG, LONG, IDataObject**);
  STDMETHODIMP GetEmbedded(LONG, REFGUID, REFIID, IUnknown**);
  STDMETHODIMP QueryInsertEmbedded(const GUID*, const FORMATETC*, BOOL*);
  STDMETHODIMP InsertEmbedded(DWORD, LONG, LONG, IDataObject*, TS_TEXTCHANGE*);
  STDMETHODIMP RequestSupportedAttrs(DWORD, ULONG, const TS_ATTRID*);
  STDMETHODIMP RequestAttrsAtPosition(LONG, ULONG, const TS_ATTRID*, DWORD);
  STDMETHODIMP RequestAttrsTransitioningAtPosition(LONG, ULONG,
                                                   const TS_ATTRID*, DWORD);
  STDMETHODIMP FindNextAttrTransition(LONG, LONG, ULONG, const TS_ATTRID*,
                                      DWORD, LONG*, BOOL*, LONG*);
  STDMETHODIMP RetrieveRequestedAttrs(ULONG, TS_ATTRVAL*, ULONG*);
  STDMETHODIMP GetEndACP(LONG*);
  STDMETHODIMP GetActiveView(TsViewCookie*);
  STDMETHODIMP GetACPFromPoint(TsViewCookie, const POINT*, DWORD, LONG*);
  STDMETHODIMP GetTextExt(TsViewCookie, LONG, LONG, RECT*, BOOL*);
  STDMETHODIMP GetScreenExt(TsViewCookie, RECT*);
  STDMETHODIMP GetWnd(TsViewCookie, HWND*);
  STDMETHODIMP InsertTextAtSelection(DWORD, const WCHAR*, ULONG, LONG*, LONG*,
                                     TS_TEXTCHANGE*);
  STDMETHODIMP InsertEmbeddedAtSelection(DWORD, IDataObject*, LONG*, LONG*,
                                         TS_TEXTCHANGE*);

 public: /*ITfContextOwnerCompositionSink*/
  STDMETHODIMP OnStartComposition(ITfCompositionView*, BOOL*);
  STDMETHODIMP OnUpdateComposition(ITfCompositionView*, ITfRange*);
  STDMETHODIMP OnEndComposition(ITfCompositionView*);

 public: /*ITfMouseTrackerACP*/
  STDMETHODIMP AdviseMouseSink(ITfRangeACP*, ITfMouseSink*, DWORD*);
  STDMETHODIMP UnadviseMouseSink(DWORD);

 public:
  static void Initialize(void);
  static void Terminate(void);

  static bool ProcessRawKeyMessage(const MSG& aMsg);
  static void ProcessMessage(nsWindow* aWindow, UINT aMessage, WPARAM& aWParam,
                             LPARAM& aLParam, MSGResult& aResult);

  static void SetIMEOpenState(bool);
  static bool GetIMEOpenState(void);

  static void CommitComposition(bool aDiscard) {
    NS_ASSERTION(IsInTSFMode(), "Not in TSF mode, shouldn't be called");
    if (!sEnabledTextStore) {
      return;
    }
    RefPtr<TSFTextStore> textStore(sEnabledTextStore);
    textStore->CommitCompositionInternal(aDiscard);
  }

  static void SetInputContext(nsWindow* aWidget, const InputContext& aContext,
                              const InputContextAction& aAction);

  static nsresult OnFocusChange(bool aGotFocus, nsWindow* aFocusedWidget,
                                const InputContext& aContext);
  static nsresult OnTextChange(const IMENotification& aIMENotification) {
    NS_ASSERTION(IsInTSFMode(), "Not in TSF mode, shouldn't be called");
    if (!sEnabledTextStore) {
      return NS_OK;
    }
    RefPtr<TSFTextStore> textStore(sEnabledTextStore);
    return textStore->OnTextChangeInternal(aIMENotification);
  }

  static nsresult OnSelectionChange(const IMENotification& aIMENotification) {
    NS_ASSERTION(IsInTSFMode(), "Not in TSF mode, shouldn't be called");
    if (!sEnabledTextStore) {
      return NS_OK;
    }
    RefPtr<TSFTextStore> textStore(sEnabledTextStore);
    return textStore->OnSelectionChangeInternal(aIMENotification);
  }

  static nsresult OnLayoutChange() {
    NS_ASSERTION(IsInTSFMode(), "Not in TSF mode, shouldn't be called");
    if (!sEnabledTextStore) {
      return NS_OK;
    }
    RefPtr<TSFTextStore> textStore(sEnabledTextStore);
    return textStore->OnLayoutChangeInternal();
  }

  static nsresult OnUpdateComposition() {
    NS_ASSERTION(IsInTSFMode(), "Not in TSF mode, shouldn't be called");
    if (!sEnabledTextStore) {
      return NS_OK;
    }
    RefPtr<TSFTextStore> textStore(sEnabledTextStore);
    return textStore->OnUpdateCompositionInternal();
  }

  static nsresult OnMouseButtonEvent(const IMENotification& aIMENotification) {
    NS_ASSERTION(IsInTSFMode(), "Not in TSF mode, shouldn't be called");
    if (!sEnabledTextStore) {
      return NS_OK;
    }
    RefPtr<TSFTextStore> textStore(sEnabledTextStore);
    return textStore->OnMouseButtonEventInternal(aIMENotification);
  }

  static IMENotificationRequests GetIMENotificationRequests();

  // Returns the address of the pointer so that the TSF automatic test can
  // replace the system object with a custom implementation for testing.
  // XXX TSF doesn't work now.  Should we remove it?
  static void* GetNativeData(uint32_t aDataType) {
    switch (aDataType) {
      case NS_NATIVE_TSF_THREAD_MGR:
        Initialize();  // Apply any previous changes
        return static_cast<void*>(&sThreadMgr);
      case NS_NATIVE_TSF_CATEGORY_MGR:
        return static_cast<void*>(&sCategoryMgr);
      case NS_NATIVE_TSF_DISPLAY_ATTR_MGR:
        return static_cast<void*>(&sDisplayAttrMgr);
      default:
        return nullptr;
    }
  }

  static void* GetThreadManager() { return static_cast<void*>(sThreadMgr); }

  static bool ThinksHavingFocus() {
    return (sEnabledTextStore && sEnabledTextStore->mContext);
  }

  static bool IsInTSFMode() { return sThreadMgr != nullptr; }

  static bool IsComposing() {
    return (sEnabledTextStore && sEnabledTextStore->mComposition.isSome());
  }

  static bool IsComposingOn(nsWindow* aWidget) {
    return (IsComposing() && sEnabledTextStore->mWidget == aWidget);
  }

  static nsWindow* GetEnabledWindowBase() {
    return sEnabledTextStore ? sEnabledTextStore->mWidget.get() : nullptr;
  }

  /**
   * Returns true if active keyboard layout is a legacy IMM-IME.
   */
  static bool IsIMM_IMEActive();

  /**
   * Returns true if active TIP is MS-IME for Japanese.
   */
  static bool IsMSJapaneseIMEActive();

  /**
   * Returns true if active TIP is Google Japanese Input.
   * Note that if Google Japanese Input is installed as an IMM-IME,
   * this return false even if Google Japanese Input is active.
   * So, you may need to check IMMHandler::IsGoogleJapaneseInputActive() too.
   */
  static bool IsGoogleJapaneseInputActive();

  /**
   * Returns true if active TIP is ATOK.
   */
  static bool IsATOKActive();

  /**
   * Returns true if active TIP or IME is a black listed one and we should
   * set input scope of URL bar to IS_DEFAULT rather than IS_URL.
   */
  static bool ShouldSetInputScopeOfURLBarToDefault();

  /**
   * Returns true if TSF may crash if GetSelection() returns E_FAIL.
   */
  static bool DoNotReturnErrorFromGetSelection();

#ifdef DEBUG
  // Returns true when keyboard layout has IME (TIP).
  static bool CurrentKeyboardLayoutHasIME();
#endif  // #ifdef DEBUG

 protected:
  TSFTextStore();
  ~TSFTextStore();

  static bool CreateAndSetFocus(nsWindow* aFocusedWidget,
                                const InputContext& aContext);
  static void EnsureToDestroyAndReleaseEnabledTextStoreIf(
      RefPtr<TSFTextStore>& aTextStore);
  static void MarkContextAsKeyboardDisabled(ITfContext* aContext);
  static void MarkContextAsEmpty(ITfContext* aContext);

  bool Init(nsWindow* aWidget, const InputContext& aContext);
  void Destroy();
  void ReleaseTSFObjects();

  bool IsReadLock(DWORD aLock) const {
    return (TS_LF_READ == (aLock & TS_LF_READ));
  }
  bool IsReadWriteLock(DWORD aLock) const {
    return (TS_LF_READWRITE == (aLock & TS_LF_READWRITE));
  }
  bool IsReadLocked() const { return IsReadLock(mLock); }
  bool IsReadWriteLocked() const { return IsReadWriteLock(mLock); }

  // This is called immediately after a call of OnLockGranted() of mSink.
  // Note that mLock isn't cleared yet when this is called.
  void DidLockGranted();

  bool GetScreenExtInternal(RECT& aScreenExt);
  // If aDispatchCompositionChangeEvent is true, this method will dispatch
  // compositionchange event if this is called during IME composing.
  // aDispatchCompositionChangeEvent should be true only when this is called
  // from SetSelection.  Because otherwise, the compositionchange event should
  // not be sent from here.
  HRESULT SetSelectionInternal(const TS_SELECTION_ACP*,
                               bool aDispatchCompositionChangeEvent = false);
  bool InsertTextAtSelectionInternal(const nsAString& aInsertStr,
                                     TS_TEXTCHANGE* aTextChange);
  void CommitCompositionInternal(bool);
  HRESULT GetDisplayAttribute(ITfProperty* aProperty, ITfRange* aRange,
                              TF_DISPLAYATTRIBUTE* aResult);
  HRESULT RestartCompositionIfNecessary(ITfRange* pRangeNew = nullptr);
  class Composition;
  HRESULT RestartComposition(Composition& aCurrentComposition,
                             ITfCompositionView* aCompositionView,
                             ITfRange* aNewRange);

  // Following methods record composing action(s) to mPendingActions.
  // They will be flushed FlushPendingActions().
  HRESULT RecordCompositionStartAction(ITfCompositionView* aCompositionView,
                                       ITfRange* aRange,
                                       bool aPreserveSelection);
  HRESULT RecordCompositionStartAction(ITfCompositionView* aCompositionView,
                                       LONG aStart, LONG aLength,
                                       bool aPreserveSelection);
  HRESULT RecordCompositionUpdateAction();
  HRESULT RecordCompositionEndAction();

  // DispatchEvent() dispatches the event and if it may not be handled
  // synchronously, this makes the instance not notify TSF of pending
  // notifications until next notification from content.
  void DispatchEvent(WidgetGUIEvent& aEvent);
  void OnLayoutInformationAvaliable();

  // FlushPendingActions() performs pending actions recorded in mPendingActions
  // and clear it.
  void FlushPendingActions();
  // MaybeFlushPendingNotifications() performs pending notifications to TSF.
  void MaybeFlushPendingNotifications();

  nsresult OnTextChangeInternal(const IMENotification& aIMENotification);
  nsresult OnSelectionChangeInternal(const IMENotification& aIMENotification);
  nsresult OnMouseButtonEventInternal(const IMENotification& aIMENotification);
  nsresult OnLayoutChangeInternal();
  nsresult OnUpdateCompositionInternal();

  // mPendingSelectionChangeData stores selection change data until notifying
  // TSF of selection change.  If two or more selection changes occur, this
  // stores the latest selection change data because only it is necessary.
  Maybe<SelectionChangeData> mPendingSelectionChangeData;

  // mPendingTextChangeData stores one or more text change data until notifying
  // TSF of text change.  If two or more text changes occur, this merges
  // every text change data.
  TextChangeData mPendingTextChangeData;

  void NotifyTSFOfTextChange();
  void NotifyTSFOfSelectionChange();
  bool NotifyTSFOfLayoutChange();
  void NotifyTSFOfLayoutChangeAgain();

  HRESULT HandleRequestAttrs(DWORD aFlags, ULONG aFilterCount,
                             const TS_ATTRID* aFilterAttrs);
  void SetInputScope(const nsString& aHTMLInputType,
                     const nsString& aHTMLInputMode);

  // Creates native caret over our caret.  This method only works on desktop
  // application.  Otherwise, this does nothing.
  void CreateNativeCaret();
  // Destroys native caret if there is.
  void MaybeDestroyNativeCaret();

  /**
   * MaybeHackNoErrorLayoutBugs() is a helper method of GetTextExt().  In
   * strictly speaking, TSF is aware of asynchronous layout computation like us.
   * However, Windows 10 version 1803 and older (including Windows 8.1 and
   * older) Windows has a bug which is that the caller of GetTextExt() of TSF
   * does not return TS_E_NOLAYOUT to TIP as is.  Additionally, even after
   * fixing this bug, some TIPs are not work well when we return TS_E_NOLAYOUT.
   * For avoiding this issue, this method checks current Windows version and
   * active TIP, and if in case we cannot return TS_E_NOLAYOUT, this modifies
   * aACPStart and aACPEnd to making sure that they are in range of unmodified
   * characters.
   *
   * @param aACPStart   Initial value should be acpStart of GetTextExt().
   *                    If this method returns true, this may be modified
   *                    to be in range of unmodified characters.
   * @param aACPEnd     Initial value should be acpEnd of GetTextExt().
   *                    If this method returns true, this may be modified
   *                    to be in range of unmodified characters.
   *                    And also this may become same as aACPStart.
   * @return            true if the caller shouldn't return TS_E_NOLAYOUT.
   *                    In this case, this method modifies aACPStart and/or
   *                    aASCPEnd to compute rectangle of unmodified characters.
   *                    false if the caller can return TS_E_NOLAYOUT or
   *                    we cannot have proper unmodified characters.
   */
  bool MaybeHackNoErrorLayoutBugs(LONG& aACPStart, LONG& aACPEnd);

  // Holds the pointer to our current win32 widget
  RefPtr<nsWindow> mWidget;
  // mDispatcher is a helper class to dispatch composition events.
  RefPtr<TextEventDispatcher> mDispatcher;
  // Document manager for the currently focused editor
  RefPtr<ITfDocumentMgr> mDocumentMgr;
  // Edit cookie associated with the current editing context
  DWORD mEditCookie;
  // Editing context at the bottom of mDocumentMgr's context stack
  RefPtr<ITfContext> mContext;
  // Currently installed notification sink
  RefPtr<ITextStoreACPSink> mSink;
  // TS_AS_* mask of what events to notify
  DWORD mSinkMask;
  // 0 if not locked, otherwise TS_LF_* indicating the current lock
  DWORD mLock;
  // 0 if no lock is queued, otherwise TS_LF_* indicating the queue lock
  DWORD mLockQueued;

  uint32_t mHandlingKeyMessage;
  void OnStartToHandleKeyMessage() {
    // If we're starting to handle another key message during handling a
    // key message, let's assume that the handling key message is handled by
    // TIP and it sends another key message for hacking something.
    // Let's try to dispatch a keyboard event now.
    // FYI: All callers of this method grab this instance with local variable.
    //      So, even after calling MaybeDispatchKeyboardEventAsProcessedByIME(),
    //      we're safe to access any members.
    if (!mDestroyed && sHandlingKeyMsg && !sIsKeyboardEventDispatched) {
      MaybeDispatchKeyboardEventAsProcessedByIME();
    }
    ++mHandlingKeyMessage;
  }
  void OnEndHandlingKeyMessage(bool aIsProcessedByTSF) {
    // If sHandlingKeyMsg has been handled by TSF or TIP and we're still
    // alive, but we haven't dispatch keyboard event for it, let's fire it now.
    // FYI: All callers of this method grab this instance with local variable.
    //      So, even after calling MaybeDispatchKeyboardEventAsProcessedByIME(),
    //      we're safe to access any members.
    if (!mDestroyed && sHandlingKeyMsg && aIsProcessedByTSF &&
        !sIsKeyboardEventDispatched) {
      MaybeDispatchKeyboardEventAsProcessedByIME();
    }
    MOZ_ASSERT(mHandlingKeyMessage);
    if (--mHandlingKeyMessage) {
      return;
    }
    // If TSFTextStore instance is destroyed during handling key message(s),
    // release all TSF objects when all nested key messages have been handled.
    if (mDestroyed) {
      ReleaseTSFObjects();
    }
  }

  /**
   * MaybeDispatchKeyboardEventAsProcessedByIME() tries to dispatch eKeyDown
   * event or eKeyUp event for sHandlingKeyMsg and marking the dispatching
   * event as "processed by IME".  Note that if the document is locked, this
   * just adds a pending action into the queue and sets
   * sIsKeyboardEventDispatched to true.
   */
  void MaybeDispatchKeyboardEventAsProcessedByIME();

  /**
   * DispatchKeyboardEventAsProcessedByIME() dispatches an eKeyDown or
   * eKeyUp event with NativeKey class and aMsg.
   */
  void DispatchKeyboardEventAsProcessedByIME(const MSG& aMsg);

  // Composition class stores a copy of the active composition string.  Only
  // the data is updated during an InsertTextAtSelection call if we have a
  // composition.  The data acts as a buffer until OnUpdateComposition is
  // called and the data is flushed to editor through eCompositionChange.
  // This allows all changes to be updated in batches to avoid inconsistencies
  // and artifacts.
  class Composition final : public OffsetAndData<LONG> {
   public:
    explicit Composition(ITfCompositionView* aCompositionView,
                         LONG aCompositionStartOffset,
                         const nsAString& aCompositionString)
        : OffsetAndData<LONG>(aCompositionStartOffset, aCompositionString),
          mView(aCompositionView) {}

    ITfCompositionView* GetView() const { return mView; }

    friend std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& aStream,
                                    const Composition& aComposition) {
      aStream << "{ mView=0x" << aComposition.mView.get()
              << ", OffsetAndData<LONG>="
              << static_cast<const OffsetAndData<LONG>&>(aComposition) << " }";
      return aStream;
    }

   private:
    RefPtr<ITfCompositionView> const mView;
  };
  // While the document is locked, we cannot dispatch any events which cause
  // DOM events since the DOM events' handlers may modify the locked document.
  // However, even while the document is locked, TSF may queries us.
  // For that, TSFTextStore modifies mComposition even while the document is
  // locked.  With mComposition, query methods can returns the text content
  // information.
  Maybe<Composition> mComposition;

  /**
   * IsHandlingCompositionInParent() returns true if eCompositionStart is
   * dispatched, but eCompositionCommit(AsIs) is not dispatched.  This means
   * that if composition is handled in a content process, this status indicates
   * whether ContentCacheInParent has composition or not.  On the other hand,
   * if it's handled in the chrome process, this is exactly same as
   * IsHandlingCompositionInContent().
   */
  bool IsHandlingCompositionInParent() const {
    return mDispatcher && mDispatcher->IsComposing();
  }

  /**
   * IsHandlingCompositionInContent() returns true if there is a composition in
   * the focused editor which may be in a content process.
   */
  bool IsHandlingCompositionInContent() const {
    return mDispatcher && mDispatcher->IsHandlingComposition();
  }

  class Selection {
   public:
    static TS_SELECTION_ACP EmptyACP() {
      return TS_SELECTION_ACP{
          .acpStart = 0,
          .acpEnd = 0,
          .style = {.ase = TS_AE_NONE, .fInterimChar = FALSE}};
    }

    bool HasRange() const { return mACP.isSome(); }
    const TS_SELECTION_ACP& ACPRef() const { return mACP.ref(); }

    explicit Selection(const TS_SELECTION_ACP& aSelection) {
      SetSelection(aSelection);
    }

    explicit Selection(uint32_t aOffsetToCollapse) {
      Collapse(aOffsetToCollapse);
    }

    explicit Selection(const SelectionChangeDataBase& aSelectionChangeData) {
      SetSelection(aSelectionChangeData);
    }

    explicit Selection(const WidgetQueryContentEvent& aQuerySelectionEvent) {
      SetSelection(aQuerySelectionEvent);
    }

    Selection(uint32_t aStart, uint32_t aLength, bool aReversed,
              const WritingMode& aWritingMode) {
      SetSelection(aStart, aLength, aReversed, aWritingMode);
    }

    void SetSelection(const TS_SELECTION_ACP& aSelection) {
      mACP = Some(aSelection);
      // Selection end must be active in our editor.
      if (mACP->style.ase != TS_AE_START) {
        mACP->style.ase = TS_AE_END;
      }
      // We're not support interim char selection for now.
      // XXX Probably, this is necessary for supporting South Asian languages.
      mACP->style.fInterimChar = FALSE;
    }

    bool SetSelection(const SelectionChangeDataBase& aSelectionChangeData) {
      MOZ_ASSERT(aSelectionChangeData.IsInitialized());
      if (!aSelectionChangeData.HasRange()) {
        if (mACP.isNothing()) {
          return false;
        }
        mACP.reset();
        // Let's keep the WritingMode because users don't want to change the UI
        // of TIP temporarily since no selection case is created only by web
        // apps, but they or TIP would restore selection at last point later.
        return true;
      }
      return SetSelection(aSelectionChangeData.mOffset,
                          aSelectionChangeData.Length(),
                          aSelectionChangeData.mReversed,
                          aSelectionChangeData.GetWritingMode());
    }

    bool SetSelection(const WidgetQueryContentEvent& aQuerySelectionEvent) {
      MOZ_ASSERT(aQuerySelectionEvent.mMessage == eQuerySelectedText);
      MOZ_ASSERT(aQuerySelectionEvent.Succeeded());
      if (aQuerySelectionEvent.DidNotFindSelection()) {
        if (mACP.isNothing()) {
          return false;
        }
        mACP.reset();
        // Let's keep the WritingMode because users don't want to change the UI
        // of TIP temporarily since no selection case is created only by web
        // apps, but they or TIP would restore selection at last point later.
        return true;
      }
      return SetSelection(aQuerySelectionEvent.mReply->StartOffset(),
                          aQuerySelectionEvent.mReply->DataLength(),
                          aQuerySelectionEvent.mReply->mReversed,
                          aQuerySelectionEvent.mReply->WritingModeRef());
    }

    bool SetSelection(uint32_t aStart, uint32_t aLength, bool aReversed,
                      const WritingMode& aWritingMode) {
      const bool changed = mACP.isNothing() ||
                           mACP->acpStart != static_cast<LONG>(aStart) ||
                           mACP->acpEnd != static_cast<LONG>(aStart + aLength);
      mACP = Some(
          TS_SELECTION_ACP{.acpStart = static_cast<LONG>(aStart),
                           .acpEnd = static_cast<LONG>(aStart + aLength),
                           .style = {.ase = aReversed ? TS_AE_START : TS_AE_END,
                                     .fInterimChar = FALSE}});
      mWritingMode = aWritingMode;

      return changed;
    }

    bool Collapsed() const {
      return mACP.isNothing() || mACP->acpStart == mACP->acpEnd;
    }

    void Collapse(uint32_t aOffset) {
      // XXX This does not update the selection's mWritingMode.
      // If it is ever used to "collapse" to an entirely new location,
      // we may need to fix that.
      mACP = Some(
          TS_SELECTION_ACP{.acpStart = static_cast<LONG>(aOffset),
                           .acpEnd = static_cast<LONG>(aOffset),
                           .style = {.ase = TS_AE_END, .fInterimChar = FALSE}});
    }

    LONG MinOffset() const {
      MOZ_ASSERT(mACP.isSome());
      LONG min = std::min(mACP->acpStart, mACP->acpEnd);
      MOZ_ASSERT(min >= 0);
      return min;
    }

    LONG MaxOffset() const {
      MOZ_ASSERT(mACP.isSome());
      LONG max = std::max(mACP->acpStart, mACP->acpEnd);
      MOZ_ASSERT(max >= 0);
      return max;
    }

    LONG StartOffset() const {
      MOZ_ASSERT(mACP.isSome());
      MOZ_ASSERT(mACP->acpStart >= 0);
      return mACP->acpStart;
    }

    LONG EndOffset() const {
      MOZ_ASSERT(mACP.isSome());
      MOZ_ASSERT(mACP->acpEnd >= 0);
      return mACP->acpEnd;
    }

    LONG Length() const {
      MOZ_ASSERT(mACP->acpEnd >= mACP->acpStart);
      return mACP.isSome() ? std::abs(mACP->acpEnd - mACP->acpStart) : 0;
    }

    bool IsReversed() const {
      return mACP.isSome() && mACP->style.ase == TS_AE_START;
    }

    TsActiveSelEnd ActiveSelEnd() const {
      return mACP.isSome() ? mACP->style.ase : TS_AE_NONE;
    }

    bool IsInterimChar() const {
      return mACP.isSome() && mACP->style.fInterimChar != FALSE;
    }

    const WritingMode& WritingModeRef() const { return mWritingMode; }

    bool EqualsExceptDirection(const TS_SELECTION_ACP& aACP) const {
      if (mACP.isNothing()) {
        return false;
      }
      if (mACP->style.ase == aACP.style.ase) {
        return mACP->acpStart == aACP.acpStart && mACP->acpEnd == aACP.acpEnd;
      }
      return mACP->acpStart == aACP.acpEnd && mACP->acpEnd == aACP.acpStart;
    }

    bool EqualsExceptDirection(
        const SelectionChangeDataBase& aChangedSelection) const {
      MOZ_ASSERT(aChangedSelection.IsInitialized());
      if (mACP.isNothing()) {
        return aChangedSelection.HasRange();
      }
      return aChangedSelection.Length() == static_cast<uint32_t>(Length()) &&
             aChangedSelection.mOffset == static_cast<uint32_t>(StartOffset());
    }

    friend std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& aStream,
                                    const Selection& aSelection) {
      aStream << "{ mACP=" << ToString(aSelection.mACP).c_str()
              << ", mWritingMode=" << ToString(aSelection.mWritingMode).c_str()
              << ",  Collapsed()="
              << (aSelection.Collapsed() ? "true" : "false")
              << ", Length=" << aSelection.Length() << " }";
      return aStream;
    }

   private:
    Maybe<TS_SELECTION_ACP> mACP;  // If Nothing, there is no selection
    WritingMode mWritingMode;
  };
  // Don't access mSelection directly.  Instead, Use SelectionForTSFRef().
  // This is modified immediately when TSF requests to set selection and not
  // updated by selection change in content until mContentForTSF is cleared.
  Maybe<Selection> mSelectionForTSF;

  /**
   * Get the selection expected by TSF.  If mSelectionForTSF is already valid,
   * this just return the reference to it.  Otherwise, this initializes it
   * with eQuerySelectedText.  Please check if the result is valid before
   * actually using it.
   * Note that this is also called by ContentForTSF().
   */
  Maybe<Selection>& SelectionForTSF();

  struct PendingAction final {
    enum class Type : uint8_t {
      eCompositionStart,
      eCompositionUpdate,
      eCompositionEnd,
      eSetSelection,
      eKeyboardEvent,
    };
    Type mType;
    // For eCompositionStart, eCompositionEnd and eSetSelection
    LONG mSelectionStart;
    // For eCompositionStart and eSetSelection
    LONG mSelectionLength;
    // For eCompositionStart, eCompositionUpdate and eCompositionEnd
    nsString mData;
    // For eCompositionUpdate
    RefPtr<TextRangeArray> mRanges;
    // For eKeyboardEvent
    MSG mKeyMsg;
    // For eSetSelection
    bool mSelectionReversed;
    // For eCompositionUpdate
    bool mIncomplete;
    // For eCompositionStart
    bool mAdjustSelection;
  };
  // Items of mPendingActions are appended when TSF tells us to need to dispatch
  // DOM composition events.  However, we cannot dispatch while the document is
  // locked because it can cause modifying the locked document.  So, the pending
  // actions should be performed when document lock is unlocked.
  nsTArray<PendingAction> mPendingActions;

  PendingAction* LastOrNewPendingCompositionUpdate() {
    if (!mPendingActions.IsEmpty()) {
      PendingAction& lastAction = mPendingActions.LastElement();
      if (lastAction.mType == PendingAction::Type::eCompositionUpdate) {
        return &lastAction;
      }
    }
    PendingAction* newAction = mPendingActions.AppendElement();
    newAction->mType = PendingAction::Type::eCompositionUpdate;
    newAction->mRanges = new TextRangeArray();
    newAction->mIncomplete = true;
    return newAction;
  }

  /**
   * IsLastPendingActionCompositionEndAt() checks whether the previous pending
   * action is committing composition whose range starts from aStart and its
   * length is aLength.  In other words, this checks whether new composition
   * which will replace same range as previous pending commit can be merged
   * with the previous composition.
   *
   * @param aStart              The inserted offset you expected.
   * @param aLength             The inserted text length you expected.
   * @return                    true if the last pending action is
   *                            eCompositionEnd and it inserted the text
   *                            between aStart and aStart + aLength.
   */
  bool IsLastPendingActionCompositionEndAt(LONG aStart, LONG aLength) const {
    if (mPendingActions.IsEmpty()) {
      return false;
    }
    const PendingAction& pendingLastAction = mPendingActions.LastElement();
    return pendingLastAction.mType == PendingAction::Type::eCompositionEnd &&
           pendingLastAction.mSelectionStart == aStart &&
           pendingLastAction.mData.Length() == static_cast<ULONG>(aLength);
  }

  bool IsPendingCompositionUpdateIncomplete() const {
    if (mPendingActions.IsEmpty()) {
      return false;
    }
    const PendingAction& lastAction = mPendingActions.LastElement();
    return lastAction.mType == PendingAction::Type::eCompositionUpdate &&
           lastAction.mIncomplete;
  }

  void CompleteLastActionIfStillIncomplete() {
    if (!IsPendingCompositionUpdateIncomplete()) {
      return;
    }
    RecordCompositionUpdateAction();
  }

  void RemoveLastCompositionUpdateActions() {
    while (!mPendingActions.IsEmpty()) {
      const PendingAction& lastAction = mPendingActions.LastElement();
      if (lastAction.mType != PendingAction::Type::eCompositionUpdate) {
        break;
      }
      mPendingActions.RemoveLastElement();
    }
  }

  // When On*Composition() is called without document lock, we need to flush
  // the recorded actions at quitting the method.
  // AutoPendingActionAndContentFlusher class is usedful for it.
  class MOZ_STACK_CLASS AutoPendingActionAndContentFlusher final {
   public:
    explicit AutoPendingActionAndContentFlusher(TSFTextStore* aTextStore)
        : mTextStore(aTextStore) {
      MOZ_ASSERT(!mTextStore->mIsRecordingActionsWithoutLock);
      if (!mTextStore->IsReadWriteLocked()) {
        mTextStore->mIsRecordingActionsWithoutLock = true;
      }
    }

    ~AutoPendingActionAndContentFlusher() {
      if (!mTextStore->mIsRecordingActionsWithoutLock) {
        return;
      }
      mTextStore->FlushPendingActions();
      mTextStore->mIsRecordingActionsWithoutLock = false;
    }

   private:
    AutoPendingActionAndContentFlusher() {}

    RefPtr<TSFTextStore> mTextStore;
  };

  class Content final {
   public:
    Content(TSFTextStore& aTSFTextStore, const nsAString& aText)
        : mText(aText),
          mLastComposition(aTSFTextStore.mComposition),
          mComposition(aTSFTextStore.mComposition),
          mSelection(aTSFTextStore.mSelectionForTSF) {}

    void OnLayoutChanged() { mMinModifiedOffset.reset(); }

    // OnCompositionEventsHandled() is called when all pending composition
    // events are handled in the focused content which may be in a remote
    // process.
    void OnCompositionEventsHandled() { mLastComposition = mComposition; }

    const nsDependentSubstring GetSelectedText() const;
    const nsDependentSubstring GetSubstring(uint32_t aStart,
                                            uint32_t aLength) const;
    void ReplaceSelectedTextWith(const nsAString& aString);
    void ReplaceTextWith(LONG aStart, LONG aLength, const nsAString& aString);

    void StartComposition(ITfCompositionView* aCompositionView,
                          const PendingAction& aCompStart,
                          bool aPreserveSelection);
    /**
     * RestoreCommittedComposition() restores the committed string as
     * composing string.  If InsertTextAtSelection() or something is called
     * before a call of OnStartComposition() or previous composition is
     * committed and new composition is restarted to clean up the commited
     * string, there is a pending compositionend.  In this case, we need to
     * cancel the pending compositionend and continue the composition.
     *
     * @param aCompositionView          The composition view.
     * @param aCanceledCompositionEnd   The pending compositionend which is
     *                                  canceled for restarting the composition.
     */
    void RestoreCommittedComposition(
        ITfCompositionView* aCompositionView,
        const PendingAction& aCanceledCompositionEnd);
    void EndComposition(const PendingAction& aCompEnd);

    const nsString& TextRef() const { return mText; }
    const Maybe<OffsetAndData<LONG>>& LastComposition() const {
      return mLastComposition;
    }
    const Maybe<uint32_t>& MinModifiedOffset() const {
      return mMinModifiedOffset;
    }
    const Maybe<StartAndEndOffsets<LONG>>& LatestCompositionRange() const {
      return mLatestCompositionRange;
    }

    // Returns true if layout of the character at the aOffset has not been
    // calculated.
    bool IsLayoutChangedAt(uint32_t aOffset) const {
      return IsLayoutChanged() && (mMinModifiedOffset.value() <= aOffset);
    }
    // Returns true if layout of the content has been changed, i.e., the new
    // layout has not been calculated.
    bool IsLayoutChanged() const { return mMinModifiedOffset.isSome(); }
    bool HasOrHadComposition() const {
      return mLatestCompositionRange.isSome();
    }

    Maybe<TSFTextStore::Composition>& Composition() { return mComposition; }
    Maybe<TSFTextStore::Selection>& Selection() { return mSelection; }

    friend std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& aStream,
                                    const Content& aContent) {
      aStream << "{ mText="
              << PrintStringDetail(aContent.mText,
                                   PrintStringDetail::kMaxLengthForEditor)
                     .get()
              << ", mLastComposition=" << aContent.mLastComposition
              << ", mLatestCompositionRange="
              << aContent.mLatestCompositionRange
              << ", mMinModifiedOffset=" << aContent.mMinModifiedOffset << " }";
      return aStream;
    }

   private:
    nsString mText;

    // mLastComposition may store the composition string and its start offset
    // when the document is locked. This is necessary to compute
    // mMinTextModifiedOffset.
    Maybe<OffsetAndData<LONG>> mLastComposition;

    Maybe<TSFTextStore::Composition>& mComposition;
    Maybe<TSFTextStore::Selection>& mSelection;

    // The latest composition's start and end offset.
    Maybe<StartAndEndOffsets<LONG>> mLatestCompositionRange;

    // The minimum offset of modified part of the text.
    Maybe<uint32_t> mMinModifiedOffset;
  };
  // mContentForTSF is cache of content.  The information is expected by TSF
  // and TIP.  Therefore, this is useful for answering the query from TSF or
  // TIP.
  // This is initialized by ContentForTSF() automatically (therefore, don't
  // access this member directly except at calling Clear(), IsInitialized(),
  // IsLayoutChangeAfter() or IsLayoutChanged()).
  // This is cleared when:
  //  - When there is no composition, the document is unlocked.
  //  - When there is a composition, all dispatched events are handled by
  //    the focused editor which may be in a remote process.
  // So, if two compositions are created very quickly, this cache may not be
  // cleared between eCompositionCommit(AsIs) and eCompositionStart.
  Maybe<Content> mContentForTSF;

  Maybe<Content>& ContentForTSF();

  class MOZ_STACK_CLASS AutoNotifyingTSFBatch final {
   public:
    explicit AutoNotifyingTSFBatch(TSFTextStore& aTextStore)
        : mTextStore(aTextStore), mOldValue(aTextStore.mDeferNotifyingTSF) {
      mTextStore.mDeferNotifyingTSF = true;
    }
    ~AutoNotifyingTSFBatch() {
      mTextStore.mDeferNotifyingTSF = mOldValue;
      mTextStore.MaybeFlushPendingNotifications();
    }

   private:
    TSFTextStore& mTextStore;
    bool mOldValue;
  };

  // CanAccessActualContentDirectly() returns true when TSF/TIP can access
  // actual content directly.  In other words, mContentForTSF and/or
  // mSelectionForTSF doesn't cache content or they matches with actual
  // contents due to no pending text/selection change notifications.
  bool CanAccessActualContentDirectly() const;

  // While mContentForTSF is valid, this returns the text stored by it.
  // Otherwise, return the current text content retrieved by eQueryTextContent.
  bool GetCurrentText(nsAString& aTextContent);

  class MouseTracker final {
   public:
    static const DWORD kInvalidCookie = static_cast<DWORD>(-1);

    MouseTracker();

    HRESULT Init(TSFTextStore* aTextStore);
    HRESULT AdviseSink(TSFTextStore* aTextStore, ITfRangeACP* aTextRange,
                       ITfMouseSink* aMouseSink);
    void UnadviseSink();

    bool IsUsing() const { return mSink != nullptr; }
    DWORD Cookie() const { return mCookie; }
    bool OnMouseButtonEvent(ULONG aEdge, ULONG aQuadrant, DWORD aButtonStatus);
    const Maybe<StartAndEndOffsets<LONG>> Range() const { return mRange; }

   private:
    RefPtr<ITfMouseSink> mSink;
    Maybe<StartAndEndOffsets<LONG>> mRange;
    DWORD mCookie;
  };
  // mMouseTrackers is an array to store each information of installed
  // ITfMouseSink instance.
  nsTArray<MouseTracker> mMouseTrackers;

  // The input scopes for this context, defaults to IS_DEFAULT.
  nsTArray<InputScope> mInputScopes;

  // The URL cache of the focused document.
  nsString mDocumentURL;

  // Support retrieving attributes.
  // TODO: We should support RightToLeft, perhaps.
  enum {
    // Used for result of GetRequestedAttrIndex()
    eNotSupported = -1,

    // Supported attributes
    eInputScope = 0,
    eDocumentURL,
    eTextVerticalWriting,
    eTextOrientation,

    // Count of the supported attributes
    NUM_OF_SUPPORTED_ATTRS
  };
  bool mRequestedAttrs[NUM_OF_SUPPORTED_ATTRS] = {false};

  int32_t GetRequestedAttrIndex(const TS_ATTRID& aAttrID);
  TS_ATTRID GetAttrID(int32_t aIndex);

  bool mRequestedAttrValues = false;

  // If edit actions are being recorded without document lock, this is true.
  // Otherwise, false.
  bool mIsRecordingActionsWithoutLock = false;
  // If GetTextExt() or GetACPFromPoint() is called and the layout hasn't been
  // calculated yet, these methods return TS_E_NOLAYOUT.  At that time,
  // mHasReturnedNoLayoutError is set to true.
  bool mHasReturnedNoLayoutError = false;
  // Before calling ITextStoreACPSink::OnLayoutChange() and
  // ITfContextOwnerServices::OnLayoutChange(), mWaitingQueryLayout is set to
  // true.  This is set to  false when GetTextExt() or GetACPFromPoint() is
  // called.
  bool mWaitingQueryLayout = false;
  // During the document is locked, we shouldn't destroy the instance.
  // If this is true, the instance will be destroyed after unlocked.
  bool mPendingDestroy = false;
  // If this is false, MaybeFlushPendingNotifications() will clear the
  // mContentForTSF.
  bool mDeferClearingContentForTSF = false;
  // While the instance is initializing content/selection cache, another
  // initialization shouldn't run recursively.  Therefore, while the
  // initialization is running, this is set to true.  Use AutoNotifyingTSFBatch
  // to set this.
  bool mDeferNotifyingTSF = false;
  // While the instance is dispatching events, the event may not be handled
  // synchronously when remote content has focus.  In the case, we cannot
  // return the latest layout/content information to TSF/TIP until we get next
  // update notification from ContentCacheInParent.  For preventing TSF/TIP
  // retrieves the latest content/layout information while it becomes available,
  // we should put off notifying TSF of any updates.
  bool mDeferNotifyingTSFUntilNextUpdate = false;
  // While the document is locked, committing composition always fails since
  // TSF needs another document lock for modifying the composition, selection
  // and etc.  So, committing composition should be performed after the
  // document is unlocked.
  bool mDeferCommittingComposition = false;
  bool mDeferCancellingComposition = false;
  // Immediately after a call of Destroy(), mDestroyed becomes true.  If this
  // is true, the instance shouldn't grant any requests from the TIP anymore.
  bool mDestroyed = false;
  // While the instance is being destroyed, this is set to true for avoiding
  // recursive Destroy() calls.
  bool mBeingDestroyed = false;
  // Whether we're in the private browsing mode.
  bool mInPrivateBrowsing = true;

  // TSF thread manager object for the current application
  static StaticRefPtr<ITfThreadMgr> sThreadMgr;
  static already_AddRefed<ITfThreadMgr> GetThreadMgr();
  // sMessagePump is QI'ed from sThreadMgr
  static StaticRefPtr<ITfMessagePump> sMessagePump;

 public:
  // Expose GetMessagePump() for WinUtils.
  static already_AddRefed<ITfMessagePump> GetMessagePump();

 private:
  // sKeystrokeMgr is QI'ed from sThreadMgr
  static StaticRefPtr<ITfKeystrokeMgr> sKeystrokeMgr;
  // TSF display attribute manager
  static StaticRefPtr<ITfDisplayAttributeMgr> sDisplayAttrMgr;
  static already_AddRefed<ITfDisplayAttributeMgr> GetDisplayAttributeMgr();
  // TSF category manager
  static StaticRefPtr<ITfCategoryMgr> sCategoryMgr;
  static already_AddRefed<ITfCategoryMgr> GetCategoryMgr();
  // Compartment for (Get|Set)IMEOpenState()
  static StaticRefPtr<ITfCompartment> sCompartmentForOpenClose;
  static already_AddRefed<ITfCompartment> GetCompartmentForOpenClose();

  // Current text store which is managing a keyboard enabled editor (i.e.,
  // editable editor).  Currently only ONE TSFTextStore instance is ever used,
  // although Create is called when an editor is focused and Destroy called
  // when the focused editor is blurred.
  static StaticRefPtr<TSFTextStore> sEnabledTextStore;

  // For IME (keyboard) disabled state:
  static StaticRefPtr<ITfDocumentMgr> sDisabledDocumentMgr;
  static StaticRefPtr<ITfContext> sDisabledContext;

  static StaticRefPtr<ITfInputProcessorProfiles> sInputProcessorProfiles;
  static already_AddRefed<ITfInputProcessorProfiles>
  GetInputProcessorProfiles();

  // Handling key message.
  static const MSG* sHandlingKeyMsg;

  // TSF client ID for the current application
  static DWORD sClientId;

  // true if an eKeyDown or eKeyUp event for sHandlingKeyMsg has already
  // been dispatched.
  static bool sIsKeyboardEventDispatched;
};

}  // namespace widget
}  // namespace mozilla

#endif  // #ifndef TSFTextStore_h_