python/pylru/pylru.py
author Nathan Hakkakzadeh <nhakkakzadeh@mozilla.com>
Wed, 13 Jul 2016 14:22:01 -0700
changeset 305101 53ee209a0557b5c11e821c980c5a460fd09c1730
permissions -rw-r--r--
Bug 1100925 - Vendored pylru 1.0.9 into mozilla-central. r=gps This makes building on msys2 easier since its pip is broken. MozReview-Commit-ID: 1hQHeu3BKOd


# Cache implementaion with a Least Recently Used (LRU) replacement policy and
# a basic dictionary interface.

# Copyright (C) 2006, 2009, 2010, 2011 Jay Hutchinson

# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
# under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
# Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option)
# any later version.

# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
# ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for
# more details.

# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
# with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51
# Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.



# The cache is implemented using a combination of a python dictionary (hash
# table) and a circular doubly linked list. Items in the cache are stored in
# nodes. These nodes make up the linked list. The list is used to efficiently
# maintain the order that the items have been used in. The front or head of
# the list contains the most recently used item, the tail of the list
# contains the least recently used item. When an item is used it can easily
# (in a constant amount of time) be moved to the front of the list, thus
# updating its position in the ordering. These nodes are also placed in the
# hash table under their associated key. The hash table allows efficient
# lookup of values by key.

# Class for the node objects.
class _dlnode(object):
    def __init__(self):
        self.empty = True


class lrucache(object):

    def __init__(self, size, callback=None):

        self.callback = callback

        # Create an empty hash table.
        self.table = {}

        # Initialize the doubly linked list with one empty node. This is an
        # invariant. The cache size must always be greater than zero. Each
        # node has a 'prev' and 'next' variable to hold the node that comes
        # before it and after it respectively. Initially the two variables
        # each point to the head node itself, creating a circular doubly
        # linked list of size one. Then the size() method is used to adjust
        # the list to the desired size.

        self.head = _dlnode()
        self.head.next = self.head
        self.head.prev = self.head

        self.listSize = 1

        # Adjust the size
        self.size(size)


    def __len__(self):
        return len(self.table)

    def clear(self):
        for node in self.dli():
            node.empty = True
            node.key = None
            node.value = None

        self.table.clear()


    def __contains__(self, key):
        return key in self.table

    # Looks up a value in the cache without affecting cache order.
    def peek(self, key):
        # Look up the node
        node = self.table[key]
        return node.value


    def __getitem__(self, key):
        # Look up the node
        node = self.table[key]

        # Update the list ordering. Move this node so that is directly
        # proceeds the head node. Then set the 'head' variable to it. This
        # makes it the new head of the list.
        self.mtf(node)
        self.head = node

        # Return the value.
        return node.value

    def get(self, key, default=None):
        """Get an item - return default (None) if not present"""
        try:
            return self[key]
        except KeyError:
            return default

    def __setitem__(self, key, value):
        # First, see if any value is stored under 'key' in the cache already.
        # If so we are going to replace that value with the new one.
        if key in self.table:

            # Lookup the node
            node = self.table[key]

            # Replace the value.
            node.value = value

            # Update the list ordering.
            self.mtf(node)
            self.head = node

            return

        # Ok, no value is currently stored under 'key' in the cache. We need
        # to choose a node to place the new item in. There are two cases. If
        # the cache is full some item will have to be pushed out of the
        # cache. We want to choose the node with the least recently used
        # item. This is the node at the tail of the list. If the cache is not
        # full we want to choose a node that is empty. Because of the way the
        # list is managed, the empty nodes are always together at the tail
        # end of the list. Thus, in either case, by chooseing the node at the
        # tail of the list our conditions are satisfied.

        # Since the list is circular, the tail node directly preceeds the
        # 'head' node.
        node = self.head.prev

        # If the node already contains something we need to remove the old
        # key from the dictionary.
        if not node.empty:
            if self.callback is not None:
                self.callback(node.key, node.value)
            del self.table[node.key]

        # Place the new key and value in the node
        node.empty = False
        node.key = key
        node.value = value

        # Add the node to the dictionary under the new key.
        self.table[key] = node

        # We need to move the node to the head of the list. The node is the
        # tail node, so it directly preceeds the head node due to the list
        # being circular. Therefore, the ordering is already correct, we just
        # need to adjust the 'head' variable.
        self.head = node


    def __delitem__(self, key):

        # Lookup the node, then remove it from the hash table.
        node = self.table[key]
        del self.table[key]

        node.empty = True

        # Not strictly necessary.
        node.key = None
        node.value = None

        # Because this node is now empty we want to reuse it before any
        # non-empty node. To do that we want to move it to the tail of the
        # list. We move it so that it directly preceeds the 'head' node. This
        # makes it the tail node. The 'head' is then adjusted. This
        # adjustment ensures correctness even for the case where the 'node'
        # is the 'head' node.
        self.mtf(node)
        self.head = node.next

    def __iter__(self):

        # Return an iterator that returns the keys in the cache in order from
        # the most recently to least recently used. Does not modify the cache
        # order.
        for node in self.dli():
            yield node.key

    def items(self):

        # Return an iterator that returns the (key, value) pairs in the cache
        # in order from the most recently to least recently used. Does not
        # modify the cache order.
        for node in self.dli():
            yield (node.key, node.value)

    def keys(self):

        # Return an iterator that returns the keys in the cache in order from
        # the most recently to least recently used. Does not modify the cache
        # order.
        for node in self.dli():
            yield node.key

    def values(self):

        # Return an iterator that returns the values in the cache in order
        # from the most recently to least recently used. Does not modify the
        # cache order.
        for node in self.dli():
            yield node.value

    def size(self, size=None):

        if size is not None:
            assert size > 0
            if size > self.listSize:
                self.addTailNode(size - self.listSize)
            elif size < self.listSize:
                self.removeTailNode(self.listSize - size)

        return self.listSize

    # Increases the size of the cache by inserting n empty nodes at the tail
    # of the list.
    def addTailNode(self, n):
        for i in range(n):
            node = _dlnode()
            node.next = self.head
            node.prev = self.head.prev

            self.head.prev.next = node
            self.head.prev = node

        self.listSize += n

    # Decreases the size of the list by removing n nodes from the tail of the
    # list.
    def removeTailNode(self, n):
        assert self.listSize > n
        for i in range(n):
            node = self.head.prev
            if not node.empty:
                if self.callback is not None:
                    self.callback(node.key, node.value)
                del self.table[node.key]

            # Splice the tail node out of the list
            self.head.prev = node.prev
            node.prev.next = self.head

            # The next four lines are not strictly necessary.
            node.prev = None
            node.next = None

            node.key = None
            node.value = None

        self.listSize -= n


    # This method adjusts the ordering of the doubly linked list so that
    # 'node' directly precedes the 'head' node. Because of the order of
    # operations, if 'node' already directly precedes the 'head' node or if
    # 'node' is the 'head' node the order of the list will be unchanged.
    def mtf(self, node):
        node.prev.next = node.next
        node.next.prev = node.prev

        node.prev = self.head.prev
        node.next = self.head.prev.next

        node.next.prev = node
        node.prev.next = node

    # This method returns an iterator that iterates over the non-empty nodes
    # in the doubly linked list in order from the most recently to the least
    # recently used.
    def dli(self):
        node = self.head
        for i in range(len(self.table)):
            yield node
            node = node.next




class WriteThroughCacheManager(object):
    def __init__(self, store, size):
        self.store = store
        self.cache = lrucache(size)

    def __len__(self):
        return len(self.store)

    # Returns/sets the size of the managed cache.
    def size(self, size=None):
        return self.cache.size(size)

    def clear(self):
        self.cache.clear()
        self.store.clear()

    def __contains__(self, key):
        # Check the cache first. If it is there we can return quickly.
        if key in self.cache:
            return True

        # Not in the cache. Might be in the underlying store.
        if key in self.store:
            return True

        return False

    def __getitem__(self, key):
        # First we try the cache. If successful we just return the value. If
        # not we catch KeyError and ignore it since that just means the key
        # was not in the cache.
        try:
            return self.cache[key]
        except KeyError:
            pass

        # It wasn't in the cache. Look it up in the store, add the entry to
        # the cache, and return the value.
        value = self.store[key]
        self.cache[key] = value
        return value

    def get(self, key, default=None):
        """Get an item - return default (None) if not present"""
        try:
            return self[key]
        except KeyError:
            return default

    def __setitem__(self, key, value):
        # Add the key/value pair to the cache and store.
        self.cache[key] = value
        self.store[key] = value

    def __delitem__(self, key):
        # Write-through behavior cache and store should be consistent. Delete
        # it from the store.
        del self.store[key]
        try:
            # Ok, delete from the store was successful. It might also be in
            # the cache, try and delete it. If not we catch the KeyError and
            # ignore it.
            del self.cache[key]
        except KeyError:
            pass

    def __iter__(self):
        return self.keys()

    def keys(self):
        return self.store.keys()

    def values(self):
        return self.store.values()

    def items(self):
        return self.store.items()



class WriteBackCacheManager(object):
    def __init__(self, store, size):
        self.store = store

        # Create a set to hold the dirty keys.
        self.dirty = set()

        # Define a callback function to be called by the cache when a
        # key/value pair is about to be ejected. This callback will check to
        # see if the key is in the dirty set. If so, then it will update the
        # store object and remove the key from the dirty set.
        def callback(key, value):
            if key in self.dirty:
                self.store[key] = value
                self.dirty.remove(key)

        # Create a cache and give it the callback function.
        self.cache = lrucache(size, callback)

    # Returns/sets the size of the managed cache.
    def size(self, size=None):
        return self.cache.size(size)

    def clear(self):
        self.cache.clear()
        self.dirty.clear()
        self.store.clear()

    def __contains__(self, key):
        # Check the cache first, since if it is there we can return quickly.
        if key in self.cache:
            return True

        # Not in the cache. Might be in the underlying store.
        if key in self.store:
            return True

        return False

    def __getitem__(self, key):
        # First we try the cache. If successful we just return the value. If
        # not we catch KeyError and ignore it since that just means the key
        # was not in the cache.
        try:
            return self.cache[key]
        except KeyError:
            pass

        # It wasn't in the cache. Look it up in the store, add the entry to
        # the cache, and return the value.
        value = self.store[key]
        self.cache[key] = value
        return value

    def get(self, key, default=None):
        """Get an item - return default (None) if not present"""
        try:
            return self[key]
        except KeyError:
            return default

    def __setitem__(self, key, value):
        # Add the key/value pair to the cache.
        self.cache[key] = value
        self.dirty.add(key)

    def __delitem__(self, key):

        found = False
        try:
            del self.cache[key]
            found = True
            self.dirty.remove(key)
        except KeyError:
            pass

        try:
            del self.store[key]
            found = True
        except KeyError:
            pass

        if not found:  # If not found in cache or store, raise error.
            raise KeyError


    def __iter__(self):
        return self.keys()

    def keys(self):
        for key in self.store.keys():
            if key not in self.dirty:
                yield key

        for key in self.dirty:
            yield key


    def values(self):
        for key, value in self.items():
            yield value


    def items(self):
        for key, value in self.store.items():
            if key not in self.dirty:
                yield (key, value)

        for key in self.dirty:
            value = self.cache.peek(key)
            yield (key, value)



    def sync(self):
        # For each dirty key, peek at its value in the cache and update the
        # store. Doesn't change the cache's order.
        for key in self.dirty:
            self.store[key] = self.cache.peek(key)
        # There are no dirty keys now.
        self.dirty.clear()

    def flush(self):
        self.sync()
        self.cache.clear()

    def __enter__(self):
        return self

    def __exit__(self, exc_type, exc_val, exc_tb):
        self.sync()
        return False


class FunctionCacheManager(object):
    def __init__(self, func, size):
        self.func = func
        self.cache = lrucache(size)

    def size(self, size=None):
        return self.cache.size(size)

    def clear(self):
        self.cache.clear()

    def __call__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        kwtuple = tuple((key, kwargs[key]) for key in sorted(kwargs.keys()))
        key = (args, kwtuple)
        try:
            return self.cache[key]
        except KeyError:
            pass

        value = self.func(*args, **kwargs)
        self.cache[key] = value
        return value


def lruwrap(store, size, writeback=False):
    if writeback:
        return WriteBackCacheManager(store, size)
    else:
        return WriteThroughCacheManager(store, size)

import functools

class lrudecorator(object):
    def __init__(self, size):
        self.cache = lrucache(size)

    def __call__(self, func):
        def wrapper(*args, **kwargs):
            kwtuple = tuple((key, kwargs[key]) for key in sorted(kwargs.keys()))
            key = (args, kwtuple)
            try:
                return self.cache[key]
            except KeyError:
                pass

            value = func(*args, **kwargs)
            self.cache[key] = value
            return value

        wrapper.cache = self.cache
        wrapper.size = self.cache.size
        wrapper.clear = self.cache.clear
        return functools.update_wrapper(wrapper, func)