toolkit/components/places/nsNavHistory.cpp
author Roberto A. Vitillo <rvitillo@mozilla.com>
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 10:31:00 -0400
changeset 200654 25c918c5f3e118ab9d4edfaa71488300e3134944
parent 200644 dcd7b816b34747e1fe2985a85ed8670f312bfbcc
child 203487 bb0422a742ed0446f261c832c5a3feac18f4a0c4
permissions -rw-r--r--
Bug 559505 - Deprecate localstore.rdf and replace it with xulstore. r=enn, sr=bsmedberg CLOSED TREE

//* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 2; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#include <stdio.h>

#include "mozilla/DebugOnly.h"

#include "nsNavHistory.h"

#include "mozIPlacesAutoComplete.h"
#include "nsNavBookmarks.h"
#include "nsAnnotationService.h"
#include "nsFaviconService.h"
#include "nsPlacesMacros.h"
#include "History.h"
#include "Helpers.h"

#include "nsTArray.h"
#include "nsCollationCID.h"
#include "nsILocaleService.h"
#include "nsNetUtil.h"
#include "nsPrintfCString.h"
#include "nsPromiseFlatString.h"
#include "nsString.h"
#include "nsUnicharUtils.h"
#include "prsystem.h"
#include "prtime.h"
#include "nsEscape.h"
#include "nsIEffectiveTLDService.h"
#include "nsIClassInfoImpl.h"
#include "nsThreadUtils.h"
#include "nsAppDirectoryServiceDefs.h"
#include "nsMathUtils.h"
#include "mozilla/storage.h"
#include "mozilla/Preferences.h"
#include <algorithm>

#ifdef MOZ_XUL
#include "nsIAutoCompleteInput.h"
#include "nsIAutoCompletePopup.h"
#endif

using namespace mozilla;
using namespace mozilla::places;

// The maximum number of things that we will store in the recent events list
// before calling ExpireNonrecentEvents. This number should be big enough so it
// is very difficult to get that many unconsumed events (for example, typed but
// never visited) in the RECENT_EVENT_THRESHOLD. Otherwise, we'll start
// checking each one for every page visit, which will be somewhat slower.
#define RECENT_EVENT_QUEUE_MAX_LENGTH 128

// preference ID strings
#define PREF_HISTORY_ENABLED                    "places.history.enabled"

#define PREF_FREC_NUM_VISITS                    "places.frecency.numVisits"
#define PREF_FREC_NUM_VISITS_DEF                10
#define PREF_FREC_FIRST_BUCKET_CUTOFF           "places.frecency.firstBucketCutoff"
#define PREF_FREC_FIRST_BUCKET_CUTOFF_DEF       4
#define PREF_FREC_SECOND_BUCKET_CUTOFF          "places.frecency.secondBucketCutoff"
#define PREF_FREC_SECOND_BUCKET_CUTOFF_DEF      14
#define PREF_FREC_THIRD_BUCKET_CUTOFF           "places.frecency.thirdBucketCutoff"
#define PREF_FREC_THIRD_BUCKET_CUTOFF_DEF       31
#define PREF_FREC_FOURTH_BUCKET_CUTOFF          "places.frecency.fourthBucketCutoff"
#define PREF_FREC_FOURTH_BUCKET_CUTOFF_DEF      90
#define PREF_FREC_FIRST_BUCKET_WEIGHT           "places.frecency.firstBucketWeight"
#define PREF_FREC_FIRST_BUCKET_WEIGHT_DEF       100
#define PREF_FREC_SECOND_BUCKET_WEIGHT          "places.frecency.secondBucketWeight"
#define PREF_FREC_SECOND_BUCKET_WEIGHT_DEF      70
#define PREF_FREC_THIRD_BUCKET_WEIGHT           "places.frecency.thirdBucketWeight"
#define PREF_FREC_THIRD_BUCKET_WEIGHT_DEF       50
#define PREF_FREC_FOURTH_BUCKET_WEIGHT          "places.frecency.fourthBucketWeight"
#define PREF_FREC_FOURTH_BUCKET_WEIGHT_DEF      30
#define PREF_FREC_DEFAULT_BUCKET_WEIGHT         "places.frecency.defaultBucketWeight"
#define PREF_FREC_DEFAULT_BUCKET_WEIGHT_DEF     10
#define PREF_FREC_EMBED_VISIT_BONUS             "places.frecency.embedVisitBonus"
#define PREF_FREC_EMBED_VISIT_BONUS_DEF         0
#define PREF_FREC_FRAMED_LINK_VISIT_BONUS       "places.frecency.framedLinkVisitBonus"
#define PREF_FREC_FRAMED_LINK_VISIT_BONUS_DEF   0
#define PREF_FREC_LINK_VISIT_BONUS              "places.frecency.linkVisitBonus"
#define PREF_FREC_LINK_VISIT_BONUS_DEF          100
#define PREF_FREC_TYPED_VISIT_BONUS             "places.frecency.typedVisitBonus"
#define PREF_FREC_TYPED_VISIT_BONUS_DEF         2000
#define PREF_FREC_BOOKMARK_VISIT_BONUS          "places.frecency.bookmarkVisitBonus"
#define PREF_FREC_BOOKMARK_VISIT_BONUS_DEF      75
#define PREF_FREC_DOWNLOAD_VISIT_BONUS          "places.frecency.downloadVisitBonus"
#define PREF_FREC_DOWNLOAD_VISIT_BONUS_DEF      0
#define PREF_FREC_PERM_REDIRECT_VISIT_BONUS     "places.frecency.permRedirectVisitBonus"
#define PREF_FREC_PERM_REDIRECT_VISIT_BONUS_DEF 0
#define PREF_FREC_TEMP_REDIRECT_VISIT_BONUS     "places.frecency.tempRedirectVisitBonus"
#define PREF_FREC_TEMP_REDIRECT_VISIT_BONUS_DEF 0
#define PREF_FREC_DEFAULT_VISIT_BONUS           "places.frecency.defaultVisitBonus"
#define PREF_FREC_DEFAULT_VISIT_BONUS_DEF       0
#define PREF_FREC_UNVISITED_BOOKMARK_BONUS      "places.frecency.unvisitedBookmarkBonus"
#define PREF_FREC_UNVISITED_BOOKMARK_BONUS_DEF  140
#define PREF_FREC_UNVISITED_TYPED_BONUS         "places.frecency.unvisitedTypedBonus"
#define PREF_FREC_UNVISITED_TYPED_BONUS_DEF     200

// In order to avoid calling PR_now() too often we use a cached "now" value
// for repeating stuff.  These are milliseconds between "now" cache refreshes.
#define RENEW_CACHED_NOW_TIMEOUT ((int32_t)3 * PR_MSEC_PER_SEC)

// character-set annotation
#define CHARSET_ANNO NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("URIProperties/characterSet")

// These macros are used when splitting history by date.
// These are the day containers and catch-all final container.
#define HISTORY_ADDITIONAL_DATE_CONT_NUM 3
// We use a guess of the number of months considering all of them 30 days
// long, but we split only the last 6 months.
#define HISTORY_DATE_CONT_NUM(_daysFromOldestVisit) \
  (HISTORY_ADDITIONAL_DATE_CONT_NUM + \
   std::min(6, (int32_t)ceilf((float)_daysFromOldestVisit/30)))
// Max number of containers, used to initialize the params hash.
#define HISTORY_DATE_CONT_LENGTH 8

// Initial length of the embed visits cache.
#define EMBED_VISITS_INITIAL_CACHE_LENGTH 64

// Initial length of the recent events cache.
#define RECENT_EVENTS_INITIAL_CACHE_LENGTH 64

// Observed topics.
#ifdef MOZ_XUL
#define TOPIC_AUTOCOMPLETE_FEEDBACK_INCOMING "autocomplete-will-enter-text"
#endif
#define TOPIC_IDLE_DAILY "idle-daily"
#define TOPIC_PREF_CHANGED "nsPref:changed"
#define TOPIC_PROFILE_TEARDOWN "profile-change-teardown"
#define TOPIC_PROFILE_CHANGE "profile-before-change"

static const char* kObservedPrefs[] = {
  PREF_HISTORY_ENABLED
, PREF_FREC_NUM_VISITS
, PREF_FREC_FIRST_BUCKET_CUTOFF
, PREF_FREC_SECOND_BUCKET_CUTOFF
, PREF_FREC_THIRD_BUCKET_CUTOFF
, PREF_FREC_FOURTH_BUCKET_CUTOFF
, PREF_FREC_FIRST_BUCKET_WEIGHT
, PREF_FREC_SECOND_BUCKET_WEIGHT
, PREF_FREC_THIRD_BUCKET_WEIGHT
, PREF_FREC_FOURTH_BUCKET_WEIGHT
, PREF_FREC_DEFAULT_BUCKET_WEIGHT
, PREF_FREC_EMBED_VISIT_BONUS
, PREF_FREC_FRAMED_LINK_VISIT_BONUS
, PREF_FREC_LINK_VISIT_BONUS
, PREF_FREC_TYPED_VISIT_BONUS
, PREF_FREC_BOOKMARK_VISIT_BONUS
, PREF_FREC_DOWNLOAD_VISIT_BONUS
, PREF_FREC_PERM_REDIRECT_VISIT_BONUS
, PREF_FREC_TEMP_REDIRECT_VISIT_BONUS
, PREF_FREC_DEFAULT_VISIT_BONUS
, PREF_FREC_UNVISITED_BOOKMARK_BONUS
, PREF_FREC_UNVISITED_TYPED_BONUS
, nullptr
};

NS_IMPL_ADDREF(nsNavHistory)
NS_IMPL_RELEASE(nsNavHistory)

NS_IMPL_CLASSINFO(nsNavHistory, nullptr, nsIClassInfo::SINGLETON,
                  NS_NAVHISTORYSERVICE_CID)
NS_INTERFACE_MAP_BEGIN(nsNavHistory)
  NS_INTERFACE_MAP_ENTRY(nsINavHistoryService)
  NS_INTERFACE_MAP_ENTRY(nsIBrowserHistory)
  NS_INTERFACE_MAP_ENTRY(nsIObserver)
  NS_INTERFACE_MAP_ENTRY(nsISupportsWeakReference)
  NS_INTERFACE_MAP_ENTRY(nsPIPlacesDatabase)
  NS_INTERFACE_MAP_ENTRY(nsPIPlacesHistoryListenersNotifier)
  NS_INTERFACE_MAP_ENTRY(mozIStorageVacuumParticipant)
  NS_INTERFACE_MAP_ENTRY_AMBIGUOUS(nsISupports, nsINavHistoryService)
  NS_IMPL_QUERY_CLASSINFO(nsNavHistory)
NS_INTERFACE_MAP_END

// We don't care about flattening everything
NS_IMPL_CI_INTERFACE_GETTER(nsNavHistory,
                            nsINavHistoryService,
                            nsIBrowserHistory)

namespace {

static int64_t GetSimpleBookmarksQueryFolder(
    const nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryQuery>& aQueries,
    nsNavHistoryQueryOptions* aOptions);
static void ParseSearchTermsFromQueries(const nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryQuery>& aQueries,
                                        nsTArray<nsTArray<nsString>*>* aTerms);

void GetTagsSqlFragment(int64_t aTagsFolder,
                        const nsACString& aRelation,
                        bool aHasSearchTerms,
                        nsACString& _sqlFragment) {
  if (!aHasSearchTerms)
    _sqlFragment.AssignLiteral("null");
  else {
    // This subquery DOES NOT order tags for performance reasons.
    _sqlFragment.Assign(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
         "(SELECT GROUP_CONCAT(t_t.title, ',') "
           "FROM moz_bookmarks b_t "
           "JOIN moz_bookmarks t_t ON t_t.id = +b_t.parent  "
           "WHERE b_t.fk = ") + aRelation + NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(" "
           "AND t_t.parent = ") +
           nsPrintfCString("%lld", aTagsFolder) + NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(" "
         ")"));
  }

  _sqlFragment.AppendLiteral(" AS tags ");
}

/**
 * This class sets begin/end of batch updates to correspond to C++ scopes so
 * we can be sure end always gets called.
 */
class UpdateBatchScoper
{
public:
  UpdateBatchScoper(nsNavHistory& aNavHistory) : mNavHistory(aNavHistory)
  {
    mNavHistory.BeginUpdateBatch();
  }
  ~UpdateBatchScoper()
  {
    mNavHistory.EndUpdateBatch();
  }
protected:
  nsNavHistory& mNavHistory;
};

} // anonymouse namespace


// Queries rows indexes to bind or get values, if adding a new one, be sure to
// update nsNavBookmarks statements and its kGetChildrenIndex_* constants
const int32_t nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_PageID = 0;
const int32_t nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_URL = 1;
const int32_t nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_Title = 2;
const int32_t nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_RevHost = 3;
const int32_t nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_VisitCount = 4;
const int32_t nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_VisitDate = 5;
const int32_t nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_FaviconURL = 6;
const int32_t nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_ItemId = 7;
const int32_t nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_ItemDateAdded = 8;
const int32_t nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_ItemLastModified = 9;
const int32_t nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_ItemParentId = 10;
const int32_t nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_ItemTags = 11;
const int32_t nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_Frecency = 12;
const int32_t nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_Hidden = 13;
const int32_t nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_Guid = 14;

PLACES_FACTORY_SINGLETON_IMPLEMENTATION(nsNavHistory, gHistoryService)


nsNavHistory::nsNavHistory()
  : mBatchLevel(0)
  , mBatchDBTransaction(nullptr)
  , mCachedNow(0)
  , mRecentTyped(RECENT_EVENTS_INITIAL_CACHE_LENGTH)
  , mRecentLink(RECENT_EVENTS_INITIAL_CACHE_LENGTH)
  , mRecentBookmark(RECENT_EVENTS_INITIAL_CACHE_LENGTH)
  , mEmbedVisits(EMBED_VISITS_INITIAL_CACHE_LENGTH)
  , mHistoryEnabled(true)
  , mNumVisitsForFrecency(10)
  , mTagsFolder(-1)
  , mDaysOfHistory(-1)
  , mLastCachedStartOfDay(INT64_MAX)
  , mLastCachedEndOfDay(0)
  , mCanNotify(true)
  , mCacheObservers("history-observers")
{
  NS_ASSERTION(!gHistoryService,
               "Attempting to create two instances of the service!");
  gHistoryService = this;
}


nsNavHistory::~nsNavHistory()
{
  // remove the static reference to the service. Check to make sure its us
  // in case somebody creates an extra instance of the service.
  NS_ASSERTION(gHistoryService == this,
               "Deleting a non-singleton instance of the service");
  if (gHistoryService == this)
    gHistoryService = nullptr;
}


nsresult
nsNavHistory::Init()
{
  LoadPrefs();

  mDB = Database::GetDatabase();
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(mDB);

  /*****************************************************************************
   *** IMPORTANT NOTICE!
   ***
   *** Nothing after these add observer calls should return anything but NS_OK.
   *** If a failure code is returned, this nsNavHistory object will be held onto
   *** by the observer service and the preference service. 
   ****************************************************************************/

  // Observe preferences changes.
  Preferences::AddWeakObservers(this, kObservedPrefs);

  nsCOMPtr<nsIObserverService> obsSvc = services::GetObserverService();
  if (obsSvc) {
    (void)obsSvc->AddObserver(this, TOPIC_PLACES_CONNECTION_CLOSED, true);
    (void)obsSvc->AddObserver(this, TOPIC_IDLE_DAILY, true);
#ifdef MOZ_XUL
    (void)obsSvc->AddObserver(this, TOPIC_AUTOCOMPLETE_FEEDBACK_INCOMING, true);
#endif
  }

  // Don't add code that can fail here! Do it up above, before we add our
  // observers.

  return NS_OK;
}

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::GetDatabaseStatus(uint16_t *aDatabaseStatus)
{
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(aDatabaseStatus);
  *aDatabaseStatus = mDB->GetDatabaseStatus();
  return NS_OK;
}

uint32_t
nsNavHistory::GetRecentFlags(nsIURI *aURI)
{
  uint32_t result = 0;
  nsAutoCString spec;
  nsresult rv = aURI->GetSpec(spec);
  NS_WARN_IF_FALSE(NS_SUCCEEDED(rv), "Unable to get aURI's spec");

  if (NS_SUCCEEDED(rv)) {
    if (CheckIsRecentEvent(&mRecentTyped, spec))
      result |= RECENT_TYPED;
    if (CheckIsRecentEvent(&mRecentLink, spec))
      result |= RECENT_ACTIVATED;
    if (CheckIsRecentEvent(&mRecentBookmark, spec))
      result |= RECENT_BOOKMARKED;
  }

  return result;
}

nsresult
nsNavHistory::GetIdForPage(nsIURI* aURI,
                           int64_t* _pageId,
                           nsCString& _GUID)
{
  *_pageId = 0;

  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageStatement> stmt = mDB->GetStatement(
    "SELECT id, url, title, rev_host, visit_count, guid "
    "FROM moz_places "
    "WHERE url = :page_url "
  );
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(stmt);
  mozStorageStatementScoper scoper(stmt);

  nsresult rv = URIBinder::Bind(stmt, NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("page_url"), aURI);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  bool hasEntry = false;
  rv = stmt->ExecuteStep(&hasEntry);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  if (hasEntry) {
    rv = stmt->GetInt64(0, _pageId);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    rv = stmt->GetUTF8String(5, _GUID);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  }

  return NS_OK;
}

nsresult
nsNavHistory::GetOrCreateIdForPage(nsIURI* aURI,
                                   int64_t* _pageId,
                                   nsCString& _GUID)
{
  nsresult rv = GetIdForPage(aURI, _pageId, _GUID);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  if (*_pageId != 0) {
    return NS_OK;
  }

  // Create a new hidden, untyped and unvisited entry.
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageStatement> stmt = mDB->GetStatement(
    "INSERT OR IGNORE INTO moz_places (url, rev_host, hidden, frecency, guid) "
    "VALUES (:page_url, :rev_host, :hidden, :frecency, GENERATE_GUID()) "
  );
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(stmt);
  mozStorageStatementScoper scoper(stmt);

  rv = URIBinder::Bind(stmt, NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("page_url"), aURI);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  // host (reversed with trailing period)
  nsAutoString revHost;
  rv = GetReversedHostname(aURI, revHost);
  // Not all URI types have hostnames, so this is optional.
  if (NS_SUCCEEDED(rv)) {
    rv = stmt->BindStringByName(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("rev_host"), revHost);
  } else {
    rv = stmt->BindNullByName(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("rev_host"));
  }
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  rv = stmt->BindInt32ByName(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("hidden"), 1);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  nsAutoCString spec;
  rv = aURI->GetSpec(spec);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  rv = stmt->BindInt32ByName(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("frecency"),
                             IsQueryURI(spec) ? 0 : -1);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  rv = stmt->Execute();
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  {
    nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageStatement> getIdStmt = mDB->GetStatement(
      "SELECT id, guid FROM moz_places WHERE url = :page_url "
    );
    NS_ENSURE_STATE(getIdStmt);
    mozStorageStatementScoper getIdScoper(getIdStmt);

    rv = URIBinder::Bind(getIdStmt, NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("page_url"), aURI);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

    bool hasResult = false;
    rv = getIdStmt->ExecuteStep(&hasResult);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    NS_ASSERTION(hasResult, "hasResult is false but the call succeeded?");
    *_pageId = getIdStmt->AsInt64(0);
    rv = getIdStmt->GetUTF8String(1, _GUID);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  }

  return NS_OK;
}


void
nsNavHistory::LoadPrefs()
{
  // History preferences.
  mHistoryEnabled = Preferences::GetBool(PREF_HISTORY_ENABLED, true);

  // Frecency preferences.
#define FRECENCY_PREF(_prop, _pref) \
  _prop = Preferences::GetInt(_pref, _pref##_DEF)

  FRECENCY_PREF(mNumVisitsForFrecency,     PREF_FREC_NUM_VISITS);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mFirstBucketCutoffInDays,  PREF_FREC_FIRST_BUCKET_CUTOFF);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mSecondBucketCutoffInDays, PREF_FREC_SECOND_BUCKET_CUTOFF);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mThirdBucketCutoffInDays,  PREF_FREC_THIRD_BUCKET_CUTOFF);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mFourthBucketCutoffInDays, PREF_FREC_FOURTH_BUCKET_CUTOFF);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mEmbedVisitBonus,          PREF_FREC_EMBED_VISIT_BONUS);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mFramedLinkVisitBonus,     PREF_FREC_FRAMED_LINK_VISIT_BONUS);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mLinkVisitBonus,           PREF_FREC_LINK_VISIT_BONUS);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mTypedVisitBonus,          PREF_FREC_TYPED_VISIT_BONUS);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mBookmarkVisitBonus,       PREF_FREC_BOOKMARK_VISIT_BONUS);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mDownloadVisitBonus,       PREF_FREC_DOWNLOAD_VISIT_BONUS);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mPermRedirectVisitBonus,   PREF_FREC_PERM_REDIRECT_VISIT_BONUS);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mTempRedirectVisitBonus,   PREF_FREC_TEMP_REDIRECT_VISIT_BONUS);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mDefaultVisitBonus,        PREF_FREC_DEFAULT_VISIT_BONUS);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mUnvisitedBookmarkBonus,   PREF_FREC_UNVISITED_BOOKMARK_BONUS);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mUnvisitedTypedBonus,      PREF_FREC_UNVISITED_TYPED_BONUS);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mFirstBucketWeight,        PREF_FREC_FIRST_BUCKET_WEIGHT);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mSecondBucketWeight,       PREF_FREC_SECOND_BUCKET_WEIGHT);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mThirdBucketWeight,        PREF_FREC_THIRD_BUCKET_WEIGHT);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mFourthBucketWeight,       PREF_FREC_FOURTH_BUCKET_WEIGHT);
  FRECENCY_PREF(mDefaultWeight,            PREF_FREC_DEFAULT_BUCKET_WEIGHT);

#undef FRECENCY_PREF
}


void
nsNavHistory::NotifyOnVisit(nsIURI* aURI,
                          int64_t aVisitID,
                          PRTime aTime,
                          int64_t referringVisitID,
                          int32_t aTransitionType,
                          const nsACString& aGUID,
                          bool aHidden)
{
  MOZ_ASSERT(!aGUID.IsEmpty());
  // If there's no history, this visit will surely add a day.  If the visit is
  // added before or after the last cached day, the day count may have changed.
  // Otherwise adding multiple visits in the same day should not invalidate
  // the cache.
  if (mDaysOfHistory == 0) {
    mDaysOfHistory = 1;
  } else if (aTime > mLastCachedEndOfDay || aTime < mLastCachedStartOfDay) {
    mDaysOfHistory = -1;
  }

  NOTIFY_OBSERVERS(mCanNotify, mCacheObservers, mObservers,
                   nsINavHistoryObserver,
                   OnVisit(aURI, aVisitID, aTime, 0,
                           referringVisitID, aTransitionType, aGUID, aHidden));
}

void
nsNavHistory::NotifyTitleChange(nsIURI* aURI,
                                const nsString& aTitle,
                                const nsACString& aGUID)
{
  MOZ_ASSERT(!aGUID.IsEmpty());
  NOTIFY_OBSERVERS(mCanNotify, mCacheObservers, mObservers,
                   nsINavHistoryObserver, OnTitleChanged(aURI, aTitle, aGUID));
}

void
nsNavHistory::NotifyFrecencyChanged(nsIURI* aURI,
                                    int32_t aNewFrecency,
                                    const nsACString& aGUID,
                                    bool aHidden,
                                    PRTime aLastVisitDate)
{
  MOZ_ASSERT(!aGUID.IsEmpty());
  NOTIFY_OBSERVERS(mCanNotify, mCacheObservers, mObservers,
                   nsINavHistoryObserver,
                   OnFrecencyChanged(aURI, aNewFrecency, aGUID, aHidden,
                                     aLastVisitDate));
}

void
nsNavHistory::NotifyManyFrecenciesChanged()
{
  NOTIFY_OBSERVERS(mCanNotify, mCacheObservers, mObservers,
                   nsINavHistoryObserver,
                   OnManyFrecenciesChanged());
}

namespace {

class FrecencyNotification : public nsRunnable
{
public:
  FrecencyNotification(const nsACString& aSpec,
                       int32_t aNewFrecency,
                       const nsACString& aGUID,
                       bool aHidden,
                       PRTime aLastVisitDate)
    : mSpec(aSpec)
    , mNewFrecency(aNewFrecency)
    , mGUID(aGUID)
    , mHidden(aHidden)
    , mLastVisitDate(aLastVisitDate)
  {
  }

  NS_IMETHOD Run()
  {
    MOZ_ASSERT(NS_IsMainThread(), "Must be called on the main thread");
    nsNavHistory* navHistory = nsNavHistory::GetHistoryService();
    if (navHistory) {
      nsCOMPtr<nsIURI> uri;
      (void)NS_NewURI(getter_AddRefs(uri), mSpec);
      navHistory->NotifyFrecencyChanged(uri, mNewFrecency, mGUID, mHidden,
                                        mLastVisitDate);
    }
    return NS_OK;
  }

private:
  nsCString mSpec;
  int32_t mNewFrecency;
  nsCString mGUID;
  bool mHidden;
  PRTime mLastVisitDate;
};

} // anonymous namespace

void
nsNavHistory::DispatchFrecencyChangedNotification(const nsACString& aSpec,
                                                  int32_t aNewFrecency,
                                                  const nsACString& aGUID,
                                                  bool aHidden,
                                                  PRTime aLastVisitDate) const
{
  nsCOMPtr<nsIRunnable> notif = new FrecencyNotification(aSpec, aNewFrecency,
                                                         aGUID, aHidden,
                                                         aLastVisitDate);
  (void)NS_DispatchToMainThread(notif);
}

int32_t
nsNavHistory::GetDaysOfHistory() {
  MOZ_ASSERT(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");

  if (mDaysOfHistory != -1)
    return mDaysOfHistory;

  // SQLite doesn't have a CEIL() function, so we must do that later.
  // We should also take into account timers resolution, that may be as bad as
  // 16ms on Windows, so in some cases the difference may be 0, if the
  // check is done near the visit.  Thus remember to check for NULL separately.
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageStatement> stmt = mDB->GetStatement(
    "SELECT CAST(( "
        "strftime('%s','now','localtime','utc') - "
        "(SELECT MIN(visit_date)/1000000 FROM moz_historyvisits) "
      ") AS DOUBLE) "
    "/86400, "
    "strftime('%s','now','localtime','+1 day','start of day','utc') * 1000000"
  );
  NS_ENSURE_TRUE(stmt, 0);
  mozStorageStatementScoper scoper(stmt);

  bool hasResult;
  if (NS_SUCCEEDED(stmt->ExecuteStep(&hasResult)) && hasResult) {
    // If we get NULL, then there are no visits, otherwise there must always be
    // at least 1 day of history.
    bool hasNoVisits;
    (void)stmt->GetIsNull(0, &hasNoVisits);
    mDaysOfHistory = hasNoVisits ?
      0 : std::max(1, static_cast<int32_t>(ceil(stmt->AsDouble(0))));
    mLastCachedStartOfDay =
      NormalizeTime(nsINavHistoryQuery::TIME_RELATIVE_TODAY, 0);
    mLastCachedEndOfDay = stmt->AsInt64(1) - 1; // Start of tomorrow - 1.
  }

  return mDaysOfHistory;
}

PRTime
nsNavHistory::GetNow()
{
  if (!mCachedNow) {
    mCachedNow = PR_Now();
    if (!mExpireNowTimer)
      mExpireNowTimer = do_CreateInstance("@mozilla.org/timer;1");
    if (mExpireNowTimer)
      mExpireNowTimer->InitWithFuncCallback(expireNowTimerCallback, this,
                                            RENEW_CACHED_NOW_TIMEOUT,
                                            nsITimer::TYPE_ONE_SHOT);
  }
  return mCachedNow;
}


void nsNavHistory::expireNowTimerCallback(nsITimer* aTimer, void* aClosure)
{
  nsNavHistory *history = static_cast<nsNavHistory *>(aClosure);
  if (history) {
    history->mCachedNow = 0;
    history->mExpireNowTimer = 0;
  }
}


/**
 * Code borrowed from mozilla/xpfe/components/history/src/nsGlobalHistory.cpp
 * Pass in a pre-normalized now and a date, and we'll find the difference since
 * midnight on each of the days.
 */
static PRTime
NormalizeTimeRelativeToday(PRTime aTime)
{
  // round to midnight this morning
  PRExplodedTime explodedTime;
  PR_ExplodeTime(aTime, PR_LocalTimeParameters, &explodedTime);

  // set to midnight (0:00)
  explodedTime.tm_min =
    explodedTime.tm_hour =
    explodedTime.tm_sec =
    explodedTime.tm_usec = 0;

  return PR_ImplodeTime(&explodedTime);
}

// nsNavHistory::NormalizeTime
//
//    Converts a nsINavHistoryQuery reference+offset time into a PRTime
//    relative to the epoch.
//
//    It is important that this function NOT use the current time optimization.
//    It is called to update queries, and we really need to know what right
//    now is because those incoming values will also have current times that
//    we will have to compare against.

PRTime // static
nsNavHistory::NormalizeTime(uint32_t aRelative, PRTime aOffset)
{
  PRTime ref;
  switch (aRelative)
  {
    case nsINavHistoryQuery::TIME_RELATIVE_EPOCH:
      return aOffset;
    case nsINavHistoryQuery::TIME_RELATIVE_TODAY:
      ref = NormalizeTimeRelativeToday(PR_Now());
      break;
    case nsINavHistoryQuery::TIME_RELATIVE_NOW:
      ref = PR_Now();
      break;
    default:
      NS_NOTREACHED("Invalid relative time");
      return 0;
  }
  return ref + aOffset;
}

// nsNavHistory::GetUpdateRequirements
//
//    Returns conditions for query update.
//
//    QUERYUPDATE_TIME:
//      This query is only limited by an inclusive time range on the first
//      query object. The caller can quickly evaluate the time itself if it
//      chooses. This is even simpler than "simple" below.
//    QUERYUPDATE_SIMPLE:
//      This query is evaluatable using EvaluateQueryForNode to do live
//      updating.
//    QUERYUPDATE_COMPLEX:
//      This query is not evaluatable using EvaluateQueryForNode. When something
//      happens that this query updates, you will need to re-run the query.
//    QUERYUPDATE_COMPLEX_WITH_BOOKMARKS:
//      A complex query that additionally has dependence on bookmarks. All
//      bookmark-dependent queries fall under this category.
//
//    aHasSearchTerms will be set to true if the query has any dependence on
//    keywords. When there is no dependence on keywords, we can handle title
//    change operations as simple instead of complex.

uint32_t
nsNavHistory::GetUpdateRequirements(const nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryQuery>& aQueries,
                                    nsNavHistoryQueryOptions* aOptions,
                                    bool* aHasSearchTerms)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(aQueries.Count() > 0, "Must have at least one query");

  // first check if there are search terms
  *aHasSearchTerms = false;
  int32_t i;
  for (i = 0; i < aQueries.Count(); i ++) {
    aQueries[i]->GetHasSearchTerms(aHasSearchTerms);
    if (*aHasSearchTerms)
      break;
  }

  bool nonTimeBasedItems = false;
  bool domainBasedItems = false;

  for (i = 0; i < aQueries.Count(); i ++) {
    nsNavHistoryQuery* query = aQueries[i];

    if (query->Folders().Length() > 0 ||
        query->OnlyBookmarked() ||
        query->Tags().Length() > 0) {
      return QUERYUPDATE_COMPLEX_WITH_BOOKMARKS;
    }

    // Note: we don't currently have any complex non-bookmarked items, but these
    // are expected to be added. Put detection of these items here.
    if (!query->SearchTerms().IsEmpty() ||
        !query->Domain().IsVoid() ||
        query->Uri() != nullptr)
      nonTimeBasedItems = true;

    if (! query->Domain().IsVoid())
      domainBasedItems = true;
  }

  if (aOptions->ResultType() ==
      nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_TAG_QUERY)
    return QUERYUPDATE_COMPLEX_WITH_BOOKMARKS;

  // Whenever there is a maximum number of results, 
  // and we are not a bookmark query we must requery. This
  // is because we can't generally know if any given addition/change causes
  // the item to be in the top N items in the database.
  if (aOptions->MaxResults() > 0)
    return QUERYUPDATE_COMPLEX;

  if (aQueries.Count() == 1 && domainBasedItems)
    return QUERYUPDATE_HOST;
  if (aQueries.Count() == 1 && !nonTimeBasedItems)
    return QUERYUPDATE_TIME;

  return QUERYUPDATE_SIMPLE;
}


// nsNavHistory::EvaluateQueryForNode
//
//    This runs the node through the given queries to see if satisfies the
//    query conditions. Not every query parameters are handled by this code,
//    but we handle the most common ones so that performance is better.
//
//    We assume that the time on the node is the time that we want to compare.
//    This is not necessarily true because URL nodes have the last access time,
//    which is not necessarily the same. However, since this is being called
//    to update the list, we assume that the last access time is the current
//    access time that we are being asked to compare so it works out.
//
//    Returns true if node matches the query, false if not.

bool
nsNavHistory::EvaluateQueryForNode(const nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryQuery>& aQueries,
                                   nsNavHistoryQueryOptions* aOptions,
                                   nsNavHistoryResultNode* aNode)
{
  // lazily created from the node's string when we need to match URIs
  nsCOMPtr<nsIURI> nodeUri;

  // --- hidden ---
  if (aNode->mHidden && !aOptions->IncludeHidden())
    return false;

  for (int32_t i = 0; i < aQueries.Count(); i ++) {
    bool hasIt;
    nsCOMPtr<nsNavHistoryQuery> query = aQueries[i];

    // --- begin time ---
    query->GetHasBeginTime(&hasIt);
    if (hasIt) {
      PRTime beginTime = NormalizeTime(query->BeginTimeReference(),
                                       query->BeginTime());
      if (aNode->mTime < beginTime)
        continue; // before our time range
    }

    // --- end time ---
    query->GetHasEndTime(&hasIt);
    if (hasIt) {
      PRTime endTime = NormalizeTime(query->EndTimeReference(),
                                     query->EndTime());
      if (aNode->mTime > endTime)
        continue; // after our time range
    }

    // --- search terms ---
    if (! query->SearchTerms().IsEmpty()) {
      // we can use the existing filtering code, just give it our one object in
      // an array.
      nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryResultNode> inputSet;
      inputSet.AppendObject(aNode);
      nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryQuery> queries;
      queries.AppendObject(query);
      nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryResultNode> filteredSet;
      nsresult rv = FilterResultSet(nullptr, inputSet, &filteredSet, queries, aOptions);
      if (NS_FAILED(rv))
        continue;
      if (! filteredSet.Count())
        continue; // did not make it through the filter, doesn't match
    }

    // --- domain/host matching ---
    query->GetHasDomain(&hasIt);
    if (hasIt) {
      if (! nodeUri) {
        // lazy creation of nodeUri, which might be checked for multiple queries
        if (NS_FAILED(NS_NewURI(getter_AddRefs(nodeUri), aNode->mURI)))
          continue;
      }
      nsAutoCString asciiRequest;
      if (NS_FAILED(AsciiHostNameFromHostString(query->Domain(), asciiRequest)))
        continue;

      if (query->DomainIsHost()) {
        nsAutoCString host;
        if (NS_FAILED(nodeUri->GetAsciiHost(host)))
          continue;

        if (! asciiRequest.Equals(host))
          continue; // host names don't match
      }
      // check domain names
      nsAutoCString domain;
      DomainNameFromURI(nodeUri, domain);
      if (! asciiRequest.Equals(domain))
        continue; // domain names don't match
    }

    // --- URI matching ---
    if (query->Uri()) {
      if (! nodeUri) { // lazy creation of nodeUri
        if (NS_FAILED(NS_NewURI(getter_AddRefs(nodeUri), aNode->mURI)))
          continue;
      }
      if (! query->UriIsPrefix()) {
        // easy case: the URI is an exact match
        bool equals;
        nsresult rv = query->Uri()->Equals(nodeUri, &equals);
        NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, false);
        if (! equals)
          continue;
      } else {
        // harder case: match prefix, note that we need to get the ASCII string
        // from the node's parsed URI instead of using the node's mUrl string,
        // because that might not be normalized
        nsAutoCString nodeUriString;
        nodeUri->GetAsciiSpec(nodeUriString);
        nsAutoCString queryUriString;
        query->Uri()->GetAsciiSpec(queryUriString);
        if (queryUriString.Length() > nodeUriString.Length())
          continue; // not long enough to match as prefix
        nodeUriString.SetLength(queryUriString.Length());
        if (! nodeUriString.Equals(queryUriString))
          continue; // prefixes don't match
      }
    }

    // Transitions matching.
    const nsTArray<uint32_t>& transitions = query->Transitions();
    if (aNode->mTransitionType > 0 &&
        transitions.Length() &&
        !transitions.Contains(aNode->mTransitionType)) {
      continue; // transition doesn't match.
    }

    // If we ever make it to the bottom of this loop, that means it passed all
    // tests for the given query. Since queries are ORed together, that means
    // it passed everything and we are done.
    return true;
  }

  // didn't match any query
  return false;
}


// nsNavHistory::AsciiHostNameFromHostString
//
//    We might have interesting encodings and different case in the host name.
//    This will convert that host name into an ASCII host name by sending it
//    through the URI canonicalization. The result can be used for comparison
//    with other ASCII host name strings.
nsresult // static
nsNavHistory::AsciiHostNameFromHostString(const nsACString& aHostName,
                                          nsACString& aAscii)
{
  // To properly generate a uri we must provide a protocol.
  nsAutoCString fakeURL("http://");
  fakeURL.Append(aHostName);
  nsCOMPtr<nsIURI> uri;
  nsresult rv = NS_NewURI(getter_AddRefs(uri), fakeURL);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  rv = uri->GetAsciiHost(aAscii);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  return NS_OK;
}


// nsNavHistory::DomainNameFromURI
//
//    This does the www.mozilla.org -> mozilla.org and
//    foo.theregister.co.uk -> theregister.co.uk conversion
void
nsNavHistory::DomainNameFromURI(nsIURI *aURI,
                                nsACString& aDomainName)
{
  // lazily get the effective tld service
  if (!mTLDService)
    mTLDService = do_GetService(NS_EFFECTIVETLDSERVICE_CONTRACTID);

  if (mTLDService) {
    // get the base domain for a given hostname.
    // e.g. for "images.bbc.co.uk", this would be "bbc.co.uk".
    nsresult rv = mTLDService->GetBaseDomain(aURI, 0, aDomainName);
    if (NS_SUCCEEDED(rv))
      return;
  }

  // just return the original hostname
  // (it's also possible the host is an IP address)
  aURI->GetAsciiHost(aDomainName);
}


NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::GetHasHistoryEntries(bool* aHasEntries)
{
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(aHasEntries);
  *aHasEntries = GetDaysOfHistory() > 0;
  return NS_OK;
}


namespace {

class InvalidateAllFrecenciesCallback : public AsyncStatementCallback
{
public:
  InvalidateAllFrecenciesCallback()
  {
  }

  NS_IMETHOD HandleCompletion(uint16_t aReason)
  {
    if (aReason == REASON_FINISHED) {
      nsNavHistory *navHistory = nsNavHistory::GetHistoryService();
      NS_ENSURE_STATE(navHistory);
      navHistory->NotifyManyFrecenciesChanged();
    }
    return NS_OK;
  }
};

} // anonymous namespace

nsresult
nsNavHistory::invalidateFrecencies(const nsCString& aPlaceIdsQueryString)
{
  // Exclude place: queries by setting their frecency to zero.
  nsCString invalidFrecenciesSQLFragment(
    "UPDATE moz_places SET frecency = "
  );
  if (!aPlaceIdsQueryString.IsEmpty())
    invalidFrecenciesSQLFragment.AppendLiteral("NOTIFY_FRECENCY(");
  invalidFrecenciesSQLFragment.AppendLiteral(
      "(CASE "
       "WHEN url BETWEEN 'place:' AND 'place;' "
       "THEN 0 "
       "ELSE -1 "
       "END) "
  );
  if (!aPlaceIdsQueryString.IsEmpty()) {
    invalidFrecenciesSQLFragment.AppendLiteral(
      ", url, guid, hidden, last_visit_date) "
    );
  }
  invalidFrecenciesSQLFragment.AppendLiteral(
    "WHERE frecency > 0 "
  );
  if (!aPlaceIdsQueryString.IsEmpty()) {
    invalidFrecenciesSQLFragment.AppendLiteral("AND id IN(");
    invalidFrecenciesSQLFragment.Append(aPlaceIdsQueryString);
    invalidFrecenciesSQLFragment.Append(')');
  }
  nsRefPtr<InvalidateAllFrecenciesCallback> cb =
    aPlaceIdsQueryString.IsEmpty() ? new InvalidateAllFrecenciesCallback()
                                   : nullptr;

  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageAsyncStatement> stmt = mDB->GetAsyncStatement(
    invalidFrecenciesSQLFragment
  );
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(stmt);

  nsCOMPtr<mozIStoragePendingStatement> ps;
  nsresult rv = stmt->ExecuteAsync(cb, getter_AddRefs(ps));
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  return NS_OK;
}


// Call this method before visiting a URL in order to help determine the
// transition type of the visit.
//
// @see MarkPageAsTyped

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::MarkPageAsFollowedBookmark(nsIURI* aURI)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aURI);

  // don't add when history is disabled
  if (IsHistoryDisabled())
    return NS_OK;

  nsAutoCString uriString;
  nsresult rv = aURI->GetSpec(uriString);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // if URL is already in the bookmark queue, then we need to remove the old one
  int64_t unusedEventTime;
  if (mRecentBookmark.Get(uriString, &unusedEventTime))
    mRecentBookmark.Remove(uriString);

  if (mRecentBookmark.Count() > RECENT_EVENT_QUEUE_MAX_LENGTH)
    ExpireNonrecentEvents(&mRecentBookmark);

  mRecentBookmark.Put(uriString, GetNow());
  return NS_OK;
}


// nsNavHistory::CanAddURI
//
//    Filter out unwanted URIs such as "chrome:", "mailbox:", etc.
//
//    The model is if we don't know differently then add which basically means
//    we are suppose to try all the things we know not to allow in and then if
//    we don't bail go on and allow it in.

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::CanAddURI(nsIURI* aURI, bool* canAdd)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aURI);
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(canAdd);

  // If history is disabled, don't add any entry.
  if (IsHistoryDisabled()) {
    *canAdd = false;
    return NS_OK;
  }

  nsAutoCString scheme;
  nsresult rv = aURI->GetScheme(scheme);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // first check the most common cases (HTTP, HTTPS) to allow in to avoid most
  // of the work
  if (scheme.EqualsLiteral("http")) {
    *canAdd = true;
    return NS_OK;
  }
  if (scheme.EqualsLiteral("https")) {
    *canAdd = true;
    return NS_OK;
  }

  // now check for all bad things
  if (scheme.EqualsLiteral("about") ||
      scheme.EqualsLiteral("imap") ||
      scheme.EqualsLiteral("news") ||
      scheme.EqualsLiteral("mailbox") ||
      scheme.EqualsLiteral("moz-anno") ||
      scheme.EqualsLiteral("view-source") ||
      scheme.EqualsLiteral("chrome") ||
      scheme.EqualsLiteral("resource") ||
      scheme.EqualsLiteral("data") ||
      scheme.EqualsLiteral("wyciwyg") ||
      scheme.EqualsLiteral("javascript") ||
      scheme.EqualsLiteral("blob")) {
    *canAdd = false;
    return NS_OK;
  }
  *canAdd = true;
  return NS_OK;
}

// nsNavHistory::GetNewQuery

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::GetNewQuery(nsINavHistoryQuery **_retval)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(_retval);

  nsRefPtr<nsNavHistoryQuery> query = new nsNavHistoryQuery();
  query.forget(_retval);
  return NS_OK;
}

// nsNavHistory::GetNewQueryOptions

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::GetNewQueryOptions(nsINavHistoryQueryOptions **_retval)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(_retval);

  nsRefPtr<nsNavHistoryQueryOptions> queryOptions = new nsNavHistoryQueryOptions();
  queryOptions.forget(_retval);
  return NS_OK;
}

// nsNavHistory::ExecuteQuery
//

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::ExecuteQuery(nsINavHistoryQuery *aQuery, nsINavHistoryQueryOptions *aOptions,
                           nsINavHistoryResult** _retval)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aQuery);
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aOptions);
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(_retval);

  return ExecuteQueries(&aQuery, 1, aOptions, _retval);
}


// nsNavHistory::ExecuteQueries
//
//    This function is actually very simple, we just create the proper root node (either
//    a bookmark folder or a complex query node) and assign it to the result. The node
//    will then populate itself accordingly.
//
//    Quick overview of query operation: When you call this function, we will construct
//    the correct container node and set the options you give it. This node will then
//    fill itself. Folder nodes will call nsNavBookmarks::QueryFolderChildren, and
//    all other queries will call GetQueryResults. If these results contain other
//    queries, those will be populated when the container is opened.

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::ExecuteQueries(nsINavHistoryQuery** aQueries, uint32_t aQueryCount,
                             nsINavHistoryQueryOptions *aOptions,
                             nsINavHistoryResult** _retval)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aQueries);
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aOptions);
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aQueryCount);
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(_retval);

  nsresult rv;
  // concrete options
  nsCOMPtr<nsNavHistoryQueryOptions> options = do_QueryInterface(aOptions);
  NS_ENSURE_TRUE(options, NS_ERROR_INVALID_ARG);

  // concrete queries array
  nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryQuery> queries;
  for (uint32_t i = 0; i < aQueryCount; i ++) {
    nsCOMPtr<nsNavHistoryQuery> query = do_QueryInterface(aQueries[i], &rv);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    queries.AppendObject(query);
  }

  // Create the root node.
  nsRefPtr<nsNavHistoryContainerResultNode> rootNode;
  int64_t folderId = GetSimpleBookmarksQueryFolder(queries, options);
  if (folderId) {
    // In the simple case where we're just querying children of a single
    // bookmark folder, we can more efficiently generate results.
    nsNavBookmarks* bookmarks = nsNavBookmarks::GetBookmarksService();
    NS_ENSURE_TRUE(bookmarks, NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY);
    nsRefPtr<nsNavHistoryResultNode> tempRootNode;
    rv = bookmarks->ResultNodeForContainer(folderId, options,
                                           getter_AddRefs(tempRootNode));
    if (NS_SUCCEEDED(rv)) {
      rootNode = tempRootNode->GetAsContainer();
    }
    else {
      NS_WARNING("Generating a generic empty node for a broken query!");
      // This is a perf hack to generate an empty query that skips filtering.
      options->SetExcludeItems(true);
    }
  }

  if (!rootNode) {
    // Either this is not a folder shortcut, or is a broken one.  In both cases
    // just generate a query node.
    rootNode = new nsNavHistoryQueryResultNode(EmptyCString(), EmptyCString(),
                                               queries, options);
  }

  // Create the result that will hold nodes.  Inject batching status into it.
  nsRefPtr<nsNavHistoryResult> result;
  rv = nsNavHistoryResult::NewHistoryResult(aQueries, aQueryCount, options,
                                            rootNode, isBatching(),
                                            getter_AddRefs(result));
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  result.forget(_retval);
  return NS_OK;
}

// determine from our nsNavHistoryQuery array and nsNavHistoryQueryOptions
// if this is the place query from the history menu.
// from browser-menubar.inc, our history menu query is:
// place:sort=4&maxResults=10
// note, any maxResult > 0 will still be considered a history menu query
// or if this is the place query from the "Most Visited" item in the
// "Smart Bookmarks" folder: place:sort=8&maxResults=10
// note, any maxResult > 0 will still be considered a Most Visited menu query
static
bool IsOptimizableHistoryQuery(const nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryQuery>& aQueries,
                                 nsNavHistoryQueryOptions *aOptions,
                                 uint16_t aSortMode)
{
  if (aQueries.Count() != 1)
    return false;

  nsNavHistoryQuery *aQuery = aQueries[0];
 
  if (aOptions->QueryType() != nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::QUERY_TYPE_HISTORY)
    return false;

  if (aOptions->ResultType() != nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_URI)
    return false;

  if (aOptions->SortingMode() != aSortMode)
    return false;

  if (aOptions->MaxResults() <= 0)
    return false;

  if (aOptions->ExcludeItems())
    return false;

  if (aOptions->IncludeHidden())
    return false;

  if (aQuery->MinVisits() != -1 || aQuery->MaxVisits() != -1)
    return false;

  if (aQuery->BeginTime() || aQuery->BeginTimeReference()) 
    return false;

  if (aQuery->EndTime() || aQuery->EndTimeReference()) 
    return false;

  if (!aQuery->SearchTerms().IsEmpty()) 
    return false;

  if (aQuery->OnlyBookmarked()) 
    return false;

  if (aQuery->DomainIsHost() || !aQuery->Domain().IsEmpty())
    return false;

  if (aQuery->AnnotationIsNot() || !aQuery->Annotation().IsEmpty()) 
    return false;

  if (aQuery->UriIsPrefix() || aQuery->Uri()) 
    return false;

  if (aQuery->Folders().Length() > 0)
    return false;

  if (aQuery->Tags().Length() > 0)
    return false;

  if (aQuery->Transitions().Length() > 0)
    return false;

  return true;
}

static
bool NeedToFilterResultSet(const nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryQuery>& aQueries, 
                             nsNavHistoryQueryOptions *aOptions)
{
  uint16_t resultType = aOptions->ResultType();
  return resultType == nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_TAG_CONTENTS;
}

// ** Helper class for ConstructQueryString **/

class PlacesSQLQueryBuilder
{
public:
  PlacesSQLQueryBuilder(const nsCString& aConditions,
                        nsNavHistoryQueryOptions* aOptions,
                        bool aUseLimit,
                        nsNavHistory::StringHash& aAddParams,
                        bool aHasSearchTerms);

  nsresult GetQueryString(nsCString& aQueryString);

private:
  nsresult Select();

  nsresult SelectAsURI();
  nsresult SelectAsVisit();
  nsresult SelectAsDay();
  nsresult SelectAsSite();
  nsresult SelectAsTag();

  nsresult Where();
  nsresult GroupBy();
  nsresult OrderBy();
  nsresult Limit();

  void OrderByColumnIndexAsc(int32_t aIndex);
  void OrderByColumnIndexDesc(int32_t aIndex);
  // Use these if you want a case insensitive sorting.
  void OrderByTextColumnIndexAsc(int32_t aIndex);
  void OrderByTextColumnIndexDesc(int32_t aIndex);

  const nsCString& mConditions;
  bool mUseLimit;
  bool mHasSearchTerms;

  uint16_t mResultType;
  uint16_t mQueryType;
  bool mIncludeHidden;
  uint16_t mSortingMode;
  uint32_t mMaxResults;

  nsCString mQueryString;
  nsCString mGroupBy;
  bool mHasDateColumns;
  bool mSkipOrderBy;
  nsNavHistory::StringHash& mAddParams;
};

PlacesSQLQueryBuilder::PlacesSQLQueryBuilder(
    const nsCString& aConditions, 
    nsNavHistoryQueryOptions* aOptions, 
    bool aUseLimit,
    nsNavHistory::StringHash& aAddParams,
    bool aHasSearchTerms)
: mConditions(aConditions)
, mUseLimit(aUseLimit)
, mHasSearchTerms(aHasSearchTerms)
, mResultType(aOptions->ResultType())
, mQueryType(aOptions->QueryType())
, mIncludeHidden(aOptions->IncludeHidden())
, mSortingMode(aOptions->SortingMode())
, mMaxResults(aOptions->MaxResults())
, mSkipOrderBy(false)
, mAddParams(aAddParams)
{
  mHasDateColumns = (mQueryType == nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::QUERY_TYPE_BOOKMARKS);
}

nsresult
PlacesSQLQueryBuilder::GetQueryString(nsCString& aQueryString)
{
  nsresult rv = Select();
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  rv = Where();
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  rv = GroupBy();
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  rv = OrderBy();
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  rv = Limit();
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  aQueryString = mQueryString;
  return NS_OK;
}

nsresult
PlacesSQLQueryBuilder::Select()
{
  nsresult rv;

  switch (mResultType)
  {
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_URI:
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_TAG_CONTENTS:
      rv = SelectAsURI();
      NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
      break;

    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_VISIT:
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_FULL_VISIT:
      rv = SelectAsVisit();
      NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
      break;

    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_DATE_QUERY:
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_DATE_SITE_QUERY:
      rv = SelectAsDay();
      NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
      break;

    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_SITE_QUERY:
      rv = SelectAsSite();
      NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
      break;

    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_TAG_QUERY:
      rv = SelectAsTag();
      NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
      break;

    default:
      NS_NOTREACHED("Invalid result type");
  }
  return NS_OK;
}

nsresult
PlacesSQLQueryBuilder::SelectAsURI()
{
  nsNavHistory *history = nsNavHistory::GetHistoryService();
  NS_ENSURE_TRUE(history, NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY);
  nsAutoCString tagsSqlFragment;

  switch (mQueryType) {
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::QUERY_TYPE_HISTORY:
      GetTagsSqlFragment(history->GetTagsFolder(),
                         NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("h.id"),
                         mHasSearchTerms,
                         tagsSqlFragment);

      mQueryString = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
        "SELECT h.id, h.url, h.title AS page_title, h.rev_host, h.visit_count, "
        "h.last_visit_date, f.url, null, null, null, null, ") +
        tagsSqlFragment + NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(", h.frecency, h.hidden, h.guid "
        "FROM moz_places h "
        "LEFT JOIN moz_favicons f ON h.favicon_id = f.id "
        // WHERE 1 is a no-op since additonal conditions will start with AND.
        "WHERE 1 "
          "{QUERY_OPTIONS_VISITS} {QUERY_OPTIONS_PLACES} "
          "{ADDITIONAL_CONDITIONS} ");
      break;

    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::QUERY_TYPE_BOOKMARKS:
      if (mResultType == nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_TAG_CONTENTS) {
        // Order-by clause is hardcoded because we need to discard duplicates
        // in FilterResultSet. We will retain only the last modified item,
        // so we are ordering by place id and last modified to do a faster
        // filtering.
        mSkipOrderBy = true;

        GetTagsSqlFragment(history->GetTagsFolder(),
                           NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("b2.fk"),
                           mHasSearchTerms,
                           tagsSqlFragment);

        mQueryString = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
          "SELECT b2.fk, h.url, COALESCE(b2.title, h.title) AS page_title, "
            "h.rev_host, h.visit_count, h.last_visit_date, f.url, b2.id, "
            "b2.dateAdded, b2.lastModified, b2.parent, ") +
            tagsSqlFragment + NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(", h.frecency, h.hidden, h.guid "
          "FROM moz_bookmarks b2 "
          "JOIN (SELECT b.fk "
                "FROM moz_bookmarks b "
                // ADDITIONAL_CONDITIONS will filter on parent.
                "WHERE b.type = 1 {ADDITIONAL_CONDITIONS} "
                ") AS seed ON b2.fk = seed.fk "
          "JOIN moz_places h ON h.id = b2.fk "
          "LEFT OUTER JOIN moz_favicons f ON h.favicon_id = f.id "
          "WHERE NOT EXISTS ( "
            "SELECT id FROM moz_bookmarks WHERE id = b2.parent AND parent = ") +
                nsPrintfCString("%lld", history->GetTagsFolder()) +
          NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(") "
          "ORDER BY b2.fk DESC, b2.lastModified DESC");
      }
      else {
        GetTagsSqlFragment(history->GetTagsFolder(),
                           NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("b.fk"),
                           mHasSearchTerms,
                           tagsSqlFragment);
        mQueryString = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
          "SELECT b.fk, h.url, COALESCE(b.title, h.title) AS page_title, "
            "h.rev_host, h.visit_count, h.last_visit_date, f.url, b.id, "
            "b.dateAdded, b.lastModified, b.parent, ") +
            tagsSqlFragment + NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(", h.frecency, h.hidden, h.guid "
          "FROM moz_bookmarks b "
          "JOIN moz_places h ON b.fk = h.id "
          "LEFT OUTER JOIN moz_favicons f ON h.favicon_id = f.id "
          "WHERE NOT EXISTS "
              "(SELECT id FROM moz_bookmarks "
                "WHERE id = b.parent AND parent = ") +
                  nsPrintfCString("%lld", history->GetTagsFolder()) +
              NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(") "
            "{ADDITIONAL_CONDITIONS}");
      }
      break;

    default:
      return NS_ERROR_NOT_IMPLEMENTED;
  }
  return NS_OK;
}

nsresult
PlacesSQLQueryBuilder::SelectAsVisit()
{
  nsNavHistory *history = nsNavHistory::GetHistoryService();
  NS_ENSURE_TRUE(history, NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY);
  nsAutoCString tagsSqlFragment;
  GetTagsSqlFragment(history->GetTagsFolder(),
                     NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("h.id"),
                     mHasSearchTerms,
                     tagsSqlFragment);
  mQueryString = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
    "SELECT h.id, h.url, h.title AS page_title, h.rev_host, h.visit_count, "
      "v.visit_date, f.url, null, null, null, null, ") +
      tagsSqlFragment + NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(", h.frecency, h.hidden, h.guid "
    "FROM moz_places h "
    "JOIN moz_historyvisits v ON h.id = v.place_id "
    "LEFT JOIN moz_favicons f ON h.favicon_id = f.id "
    // WHERE 1 is a no-op since additonal conditions will start with AND.
    "WHERE 1 "
      "{QUERY_OPTIONS_VISITS} {QUERY_OPTIONS_PLACES} "
      "{ADDITIONAL_CONDITIONS} ");

  return NS_OK;
}

nsresult
PlacesSQLQueryBuilder::SelectAsDay()
{
  mSkipOrderBy = true;

  // Sort child queries based on sorting mode if it's provided, otherwise
  // fallback to default sort by title ascending.
  uint16_t sortingMode = nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_TITLE_ASCENDING;
  if (mSortingMode != nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_NONE &&
      mResultType == nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_DATE_QUERY)
    sortingMode = mSortingMode;

  uint16_t resultType =
    mResultType == nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_DATE_QUERY ?
      (uint16_t)nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_URI :
      (uint16_t)nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_SITE_QUERY;

  // beginTime will become the node's time property, we don't use endTime
  // because it could overlap, and we use time to sort containers and find
  // insert position in a result.
  mQueryString = nsPrintfCString(
     "SELECT null, "
       "'place:type=%ld&sort=%ld&beginTime='||beginTime||'&endTime='||endTime, "
      "dayTitle, null, null, beginTime, null, null, null, null, null, null "
     "FROM (", // TOUTER BEGIN
     resultType,
     sortingMode);

  nsNavHistory *history = nsNavHistory::GetHistoryService();
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(history);

  int32_t daysOfHistory = history->GetDaysOfHistory();
  for (int32_t i = 0; i <= HISTORY_DATE_CONT_NUM(daysOfHistory); i++) {
    nsAutoCString dateName;
    // Timeframes are calculated as BeginTime <= container < EndTime.
    // Notice times can't be relative to now, since to recognize a query we
    // must ensure it won't change based on the time it is built.
    // So, to select till now, we really select till start of tomorrow, that is
    // a fixed timestamp.
    // These are used as limits for the inside containers.
    nsAutoCString sqlFragmentContainerBeginTime, sqlFragmentContainerEndTime;
    // These are used to query if the container should be visible.
    nsAutoCString sqlFragmentSearchBeginTime, sqlFragmentSearchEndTime;
    switch(i) {
       case 0:
        // Today
         history->GetStringFromName(
          MOZ_UTF16("finduri-AgeInDays-is-0"), dateName);
        // From start of today
        sqlFragmentContainerBeginTime = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
          "(strftime('%s','now','localtime','start of day','utc')*1000000)");
        // To now (tomorrow)
        sqlFragmentContainerEndTime = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
          "(strftime('%s','now','localtime','start of day','+1 day','utc')*1000000)");
        // Search for the same timeframe.
        sqlFragmentSearchBeginTime = sqlFragmentContainerBeginTime;
        sqlFragmentSearchEndTime = sqlFragmentContainerEndTime;
         break;
       case 1:
        // Yesterday
         history->GetStringFromName(
          MOZ_UTF16("finduri-AgeInDays-is-1"), dateName);
        // From start of yesterday
        sqlFragmentContainerBeginTime = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
          "(strftime('%s','now','localtime','start of day','-1 day','utc')*1000000)");
        // To start of today
        sqlFragmentContainerEndTime = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
          "(strftime('%s','now','localtime','start of day','utc')*1000000)");
        // Search for the same timeframe.
        sqlFragmentSearchBeginTime = sqlFragmentContainerBeginTime;
        sqlFragmentSearchEndTime = sqlFragmentContainerEndTime;
        break;
      case 2:
        // Last 7 days
        history->GetAgeInDaysString(7,
          MOZ_UTF16("finduri-AgeInDays-last-is"), dateName);
        // From start of 7 days ago
        sqlFragmentContainerBeginTime = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
          "(strftime('%s','now','localtime','start of day','-7 days','utc')*1000000)");
        // To now (tomorrow)
        sqlFragmentContainerEndTime = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
          "(strftime('%s','now','localtime','start of day','+1 day','utc')*1000000)");
        // This is an overlapped container, but we show it only if there are
        // visits older than yesterday.
        sqlFragmentSearchBeginTime = sqlFragmentContainerBeginTime;
        sqlFragmentSearchEndTime = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
          "(strftime('%s','now','localtime','start of day','-2 days','utc')*1000000)");
        break;
      case 3:
        // This month
        history->GetStringFromName(
          MOZ_UTF16("finduri-AgeInMonths-is-0"), dateName);
        // From start of this month
        sqlFragmentContainerBeginTime = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
          "(strftime('%s','now','localtime','start of month','utc')*1000000)");
        // To now (tomorrow)
        sqlFragmentContainerEndTime = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
          "(strftime('%s','now','localtime','start of day','+1 day','utc')*1000000)");
        // This is an overlapped container, but we show it only if there are
        // visits older than 7 days ago.
        sqlFragmentSearchBeginTime = sqlFragmentContainerBeginTime;
        sqlFragmentSearchEndTime = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
          "(strftime('%s','now','localtime','start of day','-7 days','utc')*1000000)");
         break;
       default:
        if (i == HISTORY_ADDITIONAL_DATE_CONT_NUM + 6) {
          // Older than 6 months
          history->GetAgeInDaysString(6,
            MOZ_UTF16("finduri-AgeInMonths-isgreater"), dateName);
          // From start of epoch
          sqlFragmentContainerBeginTime = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
            "(datetime(0, 'unixepoch')*1000000)");
          // To start of 6 months ago ( 5 months + this month).
          sqlFragmentContainerEndTime = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
            "(strftime('%s','now','localtime','start of month','-5 months','utc')*1000000)");
          // Search for the same timeframe.
          sqlFragmentSearchBeginTime = sqlFragmentContainerBeginTime;
          sqlFragmentSearchEndTime = sqlFragmentContainerEndTime;
          break;
        }
        int32_t MonthIndex = i - HISTORY_ADDITIONAL_DATE_CONT_NUM;
        // Previous months' titles are month's name if inside this year,
        // month's name and year for previous years.
        PRExplodedTime tm;
        PR_ExplodeTime(PR_Now(), PR_LocalTimeParameters, &tm);
        uint16_t currentYear = tm.tm_year;
        // Set day before month, setting month without day could cause issues.
        // For example setting month to February when today is 30, since
        // February has not 30 days, will return March instead.
        // Also, we use day 2 instead of day 1, so that the GMT month is always
        // the same as the local month. (Bug 603002)
        tm.tm_mday = 2;
        tm.tm_month -= MonthIndex;
        // Notice we use GMTParameters because we just want to get the first
        // day of each month.  Using LocalTimeParameters would instead force us
        // to apply a DST correction that we don't really need here.
        PR_NormalizeTime(&tm, PR_GMTParameters);
        // If the container is for a past year, add the year to its title,
        // otherwise just show the month name.
        // Note that tm_month starts from 0, while we need a 1-based index.
        if (tm.tm_year < currentYear) {
          history->GetMonthYear(tm.tm_month + 1, tm.tm_year, dateName);
        }
        else {
          history->GetMonthName(tm.tm_month + 1, dateName);
        }

        // From start of MonthIndex + 1 months ago
        sqlFragmentContainerBeginTime = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
          "(strftime('%s','now','localtime','start of month','-");
        sqlFragmentContainerBeginTime.AppendInt(MonthIndex);
        sqlFragmentContainerBeginTime.Append(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
            " months','utc')*1000000)"));
        // To start of MonthIndex months ago
        sqlFragmentContainerEndTime = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
          "(strftime('%s','now','localtime','start of month','-");
        sqlFragmentContainerEndTime.AppendInt(MonthIndex - 1);
        sqlFragmentContainerEndTime.Append(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
            " months','utc')*1000000)"));
        // Search for the same timeframe.
        sqlFragmentSearchBeginTime = sqlFragmentContainerBeginTime;
        sqlFragmentSearchEndTime = sqlFragmentContainerEndTime;
        break;
    }

    nsPrintfCString dateParam("dayTitle%d", i);
    mAddParams.Put(dateParam, dateName);

    nsPrintfCString dayRange(
      "SELECT :%s AS dayTitle, "
             "%s AS beginTime, "
             "%s AS endTime "
       "WHERE EXISTS ( "
        "SELECT id FROM moz_historyvisits "
        "WHERE visit_date >= %s "
          "AND visit_date < %s "
           "AND visit_type NOT IN (0,%d,%d) "
           "{QUERY_OPTIONS_VISITS} "
         "LIMIT 1 "
      ") ",
      dateParam.get(),
      sqlFragmentContainerBeginTime.get(),
      sqlFragmentContainerEndTime.get(),
      sqlFragmentSearchBeginTime.get(),
      sqlFragmentSearchEndTime.get(),
      nsINavHistoryService::TRANSITION_EMBED,
      nsINavHistoryService::TRANSITION_FRAMED_LINK
    );

    mQueryString.Append(dayRange);

    if (i < HISTORY_DATE_CONT_NUM(daysOfHistory))
      mQueryString.AppendLiteral(" UNION ALL ");
  }

  mQueryString.AppendLiteral(") "); // TOUTER END

  return NS_OK;
}

nsresult
PlacesSQLQueryBuilder::SelectAsSite()
{
  nsAutoCString localFiles;

  nsNavHistory *history = nsNavHistory::GetHistoryService();
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(history);

  history->GetStringFromName(MOZ_UTF16("localhost"), localFiles);
  mAddParams.Put(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("localhost"), localFiles);

  // If there are additional conditions the query has to join on visits too.
  nsAutoCString visitsJoin;
  nsAutoCString additionalConditions;
  nsAutoCString timeConstraints;
  if (!mConditions.IsEmpty()) {
    visitsJoin.AssignLiteral("JOIN moz_historyvisits v ON v.place_id = h.id ");
    additionalConditions.AssignLiteral("{QUERY_OPTIONS_VISITS} "
                                       "{QUERY_OPTIONS_PLACES} "
                                       "{ADDITIONAL_CONDITIONS} ");
    timeConstraints.AssignLiteral("||'&beginTime='||:begin_time||"
                                    "'&endTime='||:end_time");
  }

  mQueryString = nsPrintfCString(
    "SELECT null, 'place:type=%ld&sort=%ld&domain=&domainIsHost=true'%s, "
           ":localhost, :localhost, null, null, null, null, null, null, null "
    "WHERE EXISTS ( "
      "SELECT h.id FROM moz_places h "
      "%s "
      "WHERE h.hidden = 0 "
        "AND h.visit_count > 0 "
        "AND h.url BETWEEN 'file://' AND 'file:/~' "
      "%s "
      "LIMIT 1 "
    ") "
    "UNION ALL "
    "SELECT null, "
           "'place:type=%ld&sort=%ld&domain='||host||'&domainIsHost=true'%s, "
           "host, host, null, null, null, null, null, null, null "
    "FROM ( "
      "SELECT get_unreversed_host(h.rev_host) AS host "
      "FROM moz_places h "
      "%s "
      "WHERE h.hidden = 0 "
        "AND h.rev_host <> '.' "
        "AND h.visit_count > 0 "
        "%s "
      "GROUP BY h.rev_host "
      "ORDER BY host ASC "
    ") ",
    nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_URI,
    mSortingMode,
    timeConstraints.get(),
    visitsJoin.get(),
    additionalConditions.get(),
    nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_URI,
    mSortingMode,
    timeConstraints.get(),
    visitsJoin.get(),
    additionalConditions.get()
  );

  return NS_OK;
}

nsresult
PlacesSQLQueryBuilder::SelectAsTag()
{
  nsNavHistory *history = nsNavHistory::GetHistoryService();
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(history);

  // This allows sorting by date fields what is not possible with
  // other history queries.
  mHasDateColumns = true; 

  mQueryString = nsPrintfCString(
    "SELECT null, 'place:folder=' || id || '&queryType=%d&type=%ld', "
           "title, null, null, null, null, null, dateAdded, "
           "lastModified, null, null, null "
    "FROM moz_bookmarks "
    "WHERE parent = %lld",
    nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::QUERY_TYPE_BOOKMARKS,
    nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_TAG_CONTENTS,
    history->GetTagsFolder()
  );

  return NS_OK;
}

nsresult
PlacesSQLQueryBuilder::Where()
{

  // Set query options
  nsAutoCString additionalVisitsConditions;
  nsAutoCString additionalPlacesConditions;

  if (!mIncludeHidden) {
    additionalPlacesConditions += NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("AND hidden = 0 ");
  }

  if (mQueryType == nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::QUERY_TYPE_HISTORY) {
    // last_visit_date is updated for any kind of visit, so it's a good
    // indicator whether the page has visits.
    additionalPlacesConditions += NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
      "AND last_visit_date NOTNULL "
    );
  }

  if (mResultType == nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_URI &&
      !additionalVisitsConditions.IsEmpty()) {
    // URI results don't join on visits.
    nsAutoCString tmp = additionalVisitsConditions;
    additionalVisitsConditions = "AND EXISTS (SELECT 1 FROM moz_historyvisits WHERE place_id = h.id ";
    additionalVisitsConditions.Append(tmp);
    additionalVisitsConditions.AppendLiteral("LIMIT 1)");
  }

  mQueryString.ReplaceSubstring("{QUERY_OPTIONS_VISITS}",
                                additionalVisitsConditions.get());
  mQueryString.ReplaceSubstring("{QUERY_OPTIONS_PLACES}",
                                additionalPlacesConditions.get());

  // If we used WHERE already, we inject the conditions 
  // in place of {ADDITIONAL_CONDITIONS}
  if (mQueryString.Find("{ADDITIONAL_CONDITIONS}", 0) != kNotFound) {
    nsAutoCString innerCondition;
    // If we have condition AND it
    if (!mConditions.IsEmpty()) {
      innerCondition = " AND (";
      innerCondition += mConditions;
      innerCondition += ")";
    }
    mQueryString.ReplaceSubstring("{ADDITIONAL_CONDITIONS}",
                                  innerCondition.get());

  } else if (!mConditions.IsEmpty()) {

    mQueryString += "WHERE ";
    mQueryString += mConditions;

  }
  return NS_OK;
}

nsresult
PlacesSQLQueryBuilder::GroupBy()
{
  mQueryString += mGroupBy;
  return NS_OK;
}

nsresult
PlacesSQLQueryBuilder::OrderBy()
{
  if (mSkipOrderBy)
    return NS_OK;

  // Sort clause: we will sort later, but if it comes out of the DB sorted,
  // our later sort will be basically free. The DB can sort these for free
  // most of the time anyway, because it has indices over these items.
  switch(mSortingMode)
  {
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_NONE:
      // Ensure sorting does not change based on tables status.
      if (mResultType == nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_URI) {
        if (mQueryType == nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::QUERY_TYPE_BOOKMARKS)
          mQueryString += NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(" ORDER BY b.id ASC ");
        else if (mQueryType == nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::QUERY_TYPE_HISTORY)
          mQueryString += NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(" ORDER BY h.id ASC ");
      }
      break;
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_TITLE_ASCENDING:
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_TITLE_DESCENDING:
      // If the user wants few results, we limit them by date, necessitating
      // a sort by date here (see the IDL definition for maxResults).
      // Otherwise we will do actual sorting by title, but since we could need
      // to special sort for some locale we will repeat a second sorting at the
      // end in nsNavHistoryResult, that should be faster since the list will be
      // almost ordered.
      if (mMaxResults > 0)
        OrderByColumnIndexDesc(nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_VisitDate);
      else if (mSortingMode == nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_TITLE_ASCENDING)
        OrderByTextColumnIndexAsc(nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_Title);
      else
        OrderByTextColumnIndexDesc(nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_Title);
      break;
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_DATE_ASCENDING:
      OrderByColumnIndexAsc(nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_VisitDate);
      break;
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_DATE_DESCENDING:
      OrderByColumnIndexDesc(nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_VisitDate);
      break;
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_URI_ASCENDING:
      OrderByColumnIndexAsc(nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_URL);
      break;
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_URI_DESCENDING:
      OrderByColumnIndexDesc(nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_URL);
      break;
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_VISITCOUNT_ASCENDING:
      OrderByColumnIndexAsc(nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_VisitCount);
      break;
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_VISITCOUNT_DESCENDING:
      OrderByColumnIndexDesc(nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_VisitCount);
      break;
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_DATEADDED_ASCENDING:
      if (mHasDateColumns)
        OrderByColumnIndexAsc(nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_ItemDateAdded);
      break;
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_DATEADDED_DESCENDING:
      if (mHasDateColumns)
        OrderByColumnIndexDesc(nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_ItemDateAdded);
      break;
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_LASTMODIFIED_ASCENDING:
      if (mHasDateColumns)
        OrderByColumnIndexAsc(nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_ItemLastModified);
      break;
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_LASTMODIFIED_DESCENDING:
      if (mHasDateColumns)
        OrderByColumnIndexDesc(nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_ItemLastModified);
      break;
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_TAGS_ASCENDING:
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_TAGS_DESCENDING:
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_ANNOTATION_ASCENDING:
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_ANNOTATION_DESCENDING:
      break; // Sort later in nsNavHistoryQueryResultNode::FillChildren()
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_FRECENCY_ASCENDING:
        OrderByColumnIndexAsc(nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_Frecency);
      break;
    case nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_FRECENCY_DESCENDING:
        OrderByColumnIndexDesc(nsNavHistory::kGetInfoIndex_Frecency);
      break;
    default:
      NS_NOTREACHED("Invalid sorting mode");
  }
  return NS_OK;
}

void PlacesSQLQueryBuilder::OrderByColumnIndexAsc(int32_t aIndex)
{
  mQueryString += nsPrintfCString(" ORDER BY %d ASC", aIndex+1);
}

void PlacesSQLQueryBuilder::OrderByColumnIndexDesc(int32_t aIndex)
{
  mQueryString += nsPrintfCString(" ORDER BY %d DESC", aIndex+1);
}

void PlacesSQLQueryBuilder::OrderByTextColumnIndexAsc(int32_t aIndex)
{
  mQueryString += nsPrintfCString(" ORDER BY %d COLLATE NOCASE ASC",
                                  aIndex+1);
}

void PlacesSQLQueryBuilder::OrderByTextColumnIndexDesc(int32_t aIndex)
{
  mQueryString += nsPrintfCString(" ORDER BY %d COLLATE NOCASE DESC",
                                  aIndex+1);
}

nsresult
PlacesSQLQueryBuilder::Limit()
{
  if (mUseLimit && mMaxResults > 0) {
    mQueryString += NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(" LIMIT ");
    mQueryString.AppendInt(mMaxResults);
    mQueryString.Append(' ');
  }
  return NS_OK;
}

nsresult
nsNavHistory::ConstructQueryString(
    const nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryQuery>& aQueries,
    nsNavHistoryQueryOptions* aOptions, 
    nsCString& queryString, 
    bool& aParamsPresent,
    nsNavHistory::StringHash& aAddParams)
{
  // For information about visit_type see nsINavHistoryService.idl.
  // visitType == 0 is undefined (see bug #375777 for details).
  // Some sites, especially Javascript-heavy ones, load things in frames to 
  // display them, resulting in a lot of these entries. This is the reason 
  // why such visits are filtered out.
  nsresult rv;
  aParamsPresent = false;

  int32_t sortingMode = aOptions->SortingMode();
  NS_ASSERTION(sortingMode >= nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_NONE &&
               sortingMode <= nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_FRECENCY_DESCENDING,
               "Invalid sortingMode found while building query!");

  bool hasSearchTerms = false;
  for (int32_t i = 0; i < aQueries.Count() && !hasSearchTerms; i++) {
    aQueries[i]->GetHasSearchTerms(&hasSearchTerms);
  }

  nsAutoCString tagsSqlFragment;
  GetTagsSqlFragment(GetTagsFolder(),
                     NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("h.id"),
                     hasSearchTerms,
                     tagsSqlFragment);

  if (IsOptimizableHistoryQuery(aQueries, aOptions,
        nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_DATE_DESCENDING) ||
      IsOptimizableHistoryQuery(aQueries, aOptions,
        nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_VISITCOUNT_DESCENDING)) {
    // Generate an optimized query for the history menu and most visited
    // smart bookmark.
    queryString = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
      "SELECT h.id, h.url, h.title AS page_title, h.rev_host, h.visit_count, h.last_visit_date, "
          "f.url, null, null, null, null, ") +
          tagsSqlFragment + NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(", h.frecency, h.hidden, h.guid "
        "FROM moz_places h "
        "LEFT OUTER JOIN moz_favicons f ON h.favicon_id = f.id "
        "WHERE h.hidden = 0 "
          "AND EXISTS (SELECT id FROM moz_historyvisits WHERE place_id = h.id "
                       "AND visit_type NOT IN ") +
                       nsPrintfCString("(0,%d,%d) ",
                                       nsINavHistoryService::TRANSITION_EMBED,
                                       nsINavHistoryService::TRANSITION_FRAMED_LINK) +
                       NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("LIMIT 1) "
          "{QUERY_OPTIONS} "
        );

    queryString.AppendLiteral("ORDER BY ");
    if (sortingMode == nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::SORT_BY_DATE_DESCENDING)
      queryString.AppendLiteral("last_visit_date DESC ");
    else
      queryString.AppendLiteral("visit_count DESC ");

    queryString.AppendLiteral("LIMIT ");
    queryString.AppendInt(aOptions->MaxResults());

    nsAutoCString additionalQueryOptions;

    queryString.ReplaceSubstring("{QUERY_OPTIONS}",
                                  additionalQueryOptions.get());
    return NS_OK;
  }

  nsAutoCString conditions;
  for (int32_t i = 0; i < aQueries.Count(); i++) {
    nsCString queryClause;
    rv = QueryToSelectClause(aQueries[i], aOptions, i, &queryClause);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    if (! queryClause.IsEmpty()) {
      aParamsPresent = true;
      if (! conditions.IsEmpty()) // exists previous clause: multiple ones are ORed
        conditions += NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(" OR ");
      conditions += NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("(") + queryClause +
        NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(")");
    }
  }

  // Determine whether we can push maxResults constraints into the queries
  // as LIMIT, or if we need to do result count clamping later
  // using FilterResultSet()
  bool useLimitClause = !NeedToFilterResultSet(aQueries, aOptions);

  PlacesSQLQueryBuilder queryStringBuilder(conditions, aOptions,
                                           useLimitClause, aAddParams,
                                           hasSearchTerms);
  rv = queryStringBuilder.GetQueryString(queryString);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  return NS_OK;
}

PLDHashOperator BindAdditionalParameter(nsNavHistory::StringHash::KeyType aParamName, 
                                        nsCString aParamValue,
                                        void* aStatement)
{
  mozIStorageStatement* stmt = static_cast<mozIStorageStatement*>(aStatement);

  nsresult rv = stmt->BindUTF8StringByName(aParamName, aParamValue);
  if (NS_FAILED(rv))
    return PL_DHASH_STOP;

  return PL_DHASH_NEXT;
}

// nsNavHistory::GetQueryResults
//
//    Call this to get the results from a complex query. This is used by
//    nsNavHistoryQueryResultNode to populate its children. For simple bookmark
//    queries, use nsNavBookmarks::QueryFolderChildren.
//
//    THIS DOES NOT DO SORTING. You will need to sort the container yourself
//    when you get the results. This is because sorting depends on tree
//    statistics that will be built from the perspective of the tree. See
//    nsNavHistoryQueryResultNode::FillChildren
//
//    FIXME: This only does keyword searching for the first query, and does
//    it ANDed with the all the rest of the queries.

nsresult
nsNavHistory::GetQueryResults(nsNavHistoryQueryResultNode *aResultNode,
                              const nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryQuery>& aQueries,
                              nsNavHistoryQueryOptions *aOptions,
                              nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryResultNode>* aResults)
{
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(aOptions);
  NS_ASSERTION(aResults->Count() == 0, "Initial result array must be empty");
  if (! aQueries.Count())
    return NS_ERROR_INVALID_ARG;

  nsCString queryString;
  bool paramsPresent = false;
  nsNavHistory::StringHash addParams(HISTORY_DATE_CONT_LENGTH);
  nsresult rv = ConstructQueryString(aQueries, aOptions, queryString,
                                     paramsPresent, addParams);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv,rv);

  // create statement
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageStatement> statement = mDB->GetStatement(queryString);
#ifdef DEBUG
  if (!statement) {
    nsAutoCString lastErrorString;
    (void)mDB->MainConn()->GetLastErrorString(lastErrorString);
    int32_t lastError = 0;
    (void)mDB->MainConn()->GetLastError(&lastError);
    printf("Places failed to create a statement from this query:\n%s\nStorage error (%d): %s\n",
           queryString.get(), lastError, lastErrorString.get());
  }
#endif
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(statement);
  mozStorageStatementScoper scoper(statement);

  if (paramsPresent) {
    // bind parameters
    int32_t i;
    for (i = 0; i < aQueries.Count(); i++) {
      rv = BindQueryClauseParameters(statement, i, aQueries[i], aOptions);
      NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    }
  }

  addParams.EnumerateRead(BindAdditionalParameter, statement.get());

  // Optimize the case where there is no need for any post-query filtering.
  if (NeedToFilterResultSet(aQueries, aOptions)) {
    // Generate the top-level results.
    nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryResultNode> toplevel;
    rv = ResultsAsList(statement, aOptions, &toplevel);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

    FilterResultSet(aResultNode, toplevel, aResults, aQueries, aOptions);
  } else {
    rv = ResultsAsList(statement, aOptions, aResults);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  } 

  return NS_OK;
}


// nsNavHistory::AddObserver

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::AddObserver(nsINavHistoryObserver* aObserver, bool aOwnsWeak)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aObserver);

  return mObservers.AppendWeakElement(aObserver, aOwnsWeak);
}


// nsNavHistory::RemoveObserver

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::RemoveObserver(nsINavHistoryObserver* aObserver)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aObserver);

  return mObservers.RemoveWeakElement(aObserver);
}

// nsNavHistory::BeginUpdateBatch
// See RunInBatchMode
nsresult
nsNavHistory::BeginUpdateBatch()
{
  if (mBatchLevel++ == 0) {
    mBatchDBTransaction = new mozStorageTransaction(mDB->MainConn(), false);

    NOTIFY_OBSERVERS(mCanNotify, mCacheObservers, mObservers,
                     nsINavHistoryObserver, OnBeginUpdateBatch());
  }
  return NS_OK;
}

// nsNavHistory::EndUpdateBatch
nsresult
nsNavHistory::EndUpdateBatch()
{
  if (--mBatchLevel == 0) {
    if (mBatchDBTransaction) {
      DebugOnly<nsresult> rv = mBatchDBTransaction->Commit();
      NS_WARN_IF_FALSE(NS_SUCCEEDED(rv), "Batch failed to commit transaction");
      delete mBatchDBTransaction;
      mBatchDBTransaction = nullptr;
    }

    NOTIFY_OBSERVERS(mCanNotify, mCacheObservers, mObservers,
                     nsINavHistoryObserver, OnEndUpdateBatch());
  }
  return NS_OK;
}

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::RunInBatchMode(nsINavHistoryBatchCallback* aCallback,
                             nsISupports* aUserData)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aCallback);

  UpdateBatchScoper batch(*this);
  return aCallback->RunBatched(aUserData);
}

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::GetHistoryDisabled(bool *_retval)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(_retval);

  *_retval = IsHistoryDisabled();
  return NS_OK;
}

// Browser history *************************************************************


// nsNavHistory::RemovePagesInternal
//
//    Deletes a list of placeIds from history.
//    This is an internal method used by RemovePages, RemovePagesFromHost and
//    RemovePagesByTimeframe.
//    Takes a comma separated list of place ids.
//    This method does not do any observer notification.

nsresult
nsNavHistory::RemovePagesInternal(const nsCString& aPlaceIdsQueryString)
{
  // Return early if there is nothing to delete.
  if (aPlaceIdsQueryString.IsEmpty())
    return NS_OK;

  mozStorageTransaction transaction(mDB->MainConn(), false);

  // Delete all visits for the specified place ids.
  nsresult rv = mDB->MainConn()->ExecuteSimpleSQL(
    NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
      "DELETE FROM moz_historyvisits WHERE place_id IN (") +
        aPlaceIdsQueryString +
        NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(")")
  );
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  rv = CleanupPlacesOnVisitsDelete(aPlaceIdsQueryString);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // Invalidate the cached value for whether there's history or not.
  mDaysOfHistory = -1;

  return transaction.Commit();
}


/**
 * Performs cleanup on places that just had all their visits removed, including
 * deletion of those places.  This is an internal method used by
 * RemovePagesInternal and RemoveVisitsByTimeframe.  This method does not
 * execute in a transaction, so callers should make sure they begin one if
 * needed.
 *
 * @param aPlaceIdsQueryString
 *        A comma-separated list of place IDs, each of which just had all its
 *        visits removed
 */
nsresult
nsNavHistory::CleanupPlacesOnVisitsDelete(const nsCString& aPlaceIdsQueryString)
{
  // Return early if there is nothing to delete.
  if (aPlaceIdsQueryString.IsEmpty())
    return NS_OK;

  // Collect about-to-be-deleted URIs to notify onDeleteURI.
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageStatement> stmt = mDB->GetStatement(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
    "SELECT h.id, h.url, h.guid, "
           "(SUBSTR(h.url, 1, 6) <> 'place:' "
           " AND NOT EXISTS (SELECT b.id FROM moz_bookmarks b "
                            "WHERE b.fk = h.id LIMIT 1)) as whole_entry "
    "FROM moz_places h "
    "WHERE h.id IN ( ") + aPlaceIdsQueryString + NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(")")
  );
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(stmt);
  mozStorageStatementScoper scoper(stmt);

  nsCString filteredPlaceIds;
  nsCOMArray<nsIURI> URIs;
  nsTArray<nsCString> GUIDs;
  bool hasMore;
  while (NS_SUCCEEDED(stmt->ExecuteStep(&hasMore)) && hasMore) {
    int64_t placeId;
    nsresult rv = stmt->GetInt64(0, &placeId);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    nsAutoCString URLString;
    rv = stmt->GetUTF8String(1, URLString);
    nsCString guid;
    rv = stmt->GetUTF8String(2, guid);
    int32_t wholeEntry;
    rv = stmt->GetInt32(3, &wholeEntry);
    nsCOMPtr<nsIURI> uri;
    rv = NS_NewURI(getter_AddRefs(uri), URLString);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    if (wholeEntry) {
      if (!filteredPlaceIds.IsEmpty()) {
        filteredPlaceIds.Append(',');
      }
      filteredPlaceIds.AppendInt(placeId);
      URIs.AppendObject(uri);
      GUIDs.AppendElement(guid);
    }
    else {
      // Notify that we will delete all visits for this page, but not the page
      // itself, since it's bookmarked or a place: query.
      NOTIFY_OBSERVERS(mCanNotify, mCacheObservers, mObservers,
                       nsINavHistoryObserver,
                       OnDeleteVisits(uri, 0, guid, nsINavHistoryObserver::REASON_DELETED, 0));
    }
  }

  // if the entry is not bookmarked and is not a place: uri
  // then we can remove it from moz_places.
  // Note that we do NOT delete favicons. Any unreferenced favicons will be
  // deleted next time the browser is shut down.
  nsresult rv = mDB->MainConn()->ExecuteSimpleSQL(
    NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
      "DELETE FROM moz_places WHERE id IN ( "
        ) + filteredPlaceIds + NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
      ") "
    )
  );
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // Invalidate frecencies of touched places, since they need recalculation.
  rv = invalidateFrecencies(aPlaceIdsQueryString);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // Finally notify about the removed URIs.
  for (int32_t i = 0; i < URIs.Count(); ++i) {
    NOTIFY_OBSERVERS(mCanNotify, mCacheObservers, mObservers,
                     nsINavHistoryObserver,
                     OnDeleteURI(URIs[i], GUIDs[i], nsINavHistoryObserver::REASON_DELETED));
  }

  return NS_OK;
}


// nsNavHistory::RemovePages
//
//    Removes a bunch of uris from history.
//    Has better performance than RemovePage when deleting a lot of history.
//    We don't do duplicates removal, URIs array should be cleaned-up before.

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::RemovePages(nsIURI **aURIs, uint32_t aLength)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aURIs);

  nsresult rv;
  // build a list of place ids to delete
  nsCString deletePlaceIdsQueryString;
  for (uint32_t i = 0; i < aLength; i++) {
    int64_t placeId;
    nsAutoCString guid;
    rv = GetIdForPage(aURIs[i], &placeId, guid);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    if (placeId != 0) {
      if (!deletePlaceIdsQueryString.IsEmpty())
        deletePlaceIdsQueryString.Append(',');
      deletePlaceIdsQueryString.AppendInt(placeId);
    }
  }

  UpdateBatchScoper batch(*this); // sends Begin/EndUpdateBatch to observers

  rv = RemovePagesInternal(deletePlaceIdsQueryString);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // Clear the registered embed visits.
  clearEmbedVisits();

  return NS_OK;
}


// nsNavHistory::RemovePage
//
//    Removes all visits and the main history entry for the given URI.
//    Silently fails if we have no knowledge of the page.

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::RemovePage(nsIURI *aURI)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aURI);

  // Build a list of place ids to delete.
  int64_t placeId;
  nsAutoCString guid;
  nsresult rv = GetIdForPage(aURI, &placeId, guid);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  if (placeId == 0) {
    return NS_OK;
  }
  nsAutoCString deletePlaceIdQueryString;
  deletePlaceIdQueryString.AppendInt(placeId);

  rv = RemovePagesInternal(deletePlaceIdQueryString);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // Clear the registered embed visits.
  clearEmbedVisits();

  return NS_OK;
}


// nsNavHistory::RemovePagesFromHost
//
//    This function will delete all history information about pages from a
//    given host. If aEntireDomain is set, we will also delete pages from
//    sub hosts (so if we are passed in "microsoft.com" we delete
//    "www.microsoft.com", "msdn.microsoft.com", etc.). An empty host name
//    means local files and anything else with no host name. You can also pass
//    in the localized "(local files)" title given to you from a history query.
//
//    Silently fails if we have no knowledge of the host.
//
//    This sends onBeginUpdateBatch/onEndUpdateBatch to observers

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::RemovePagesFromHost(const nsACString& aHost, bool aEntireDomain)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");

  nsresult rv;
  // Local files don't have any host name. We don't want to delete all files in
  // history when we get passed an empty string, so force to exact match
  if (aHost.IsEmpty())
    aEntireDomain = false;

  // translate "(local files)" to an empty host name
  // be sure to use the TitleForDomain to get the localized name
  nsCString localFiles;
  TitleForDomain(EmptyCString(), localFiles);
  nsAutoString host16;
  if (!aHost.Equals(localFiles))
    CopyUTF8toUTF16(aHost, host16);

  // nsISupports version of the host string for passing to observers
  nsCOMPtr<nsISupportsString> hostSupports(do_CreateInstance(NS_SUPPORTS_STRING_CONTRACTID, &rv));
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  rv = hostSupports->SetData(host16);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // see BindQueryClauseParameters for how this host selection works
  nsAutoString revHostDot;
  GetReversedHostname(host16, revHostDot);
  NS_ASSERTION(revHostDot[revHostDot.Length() - 1] == '.', "Invalid rev. host");
  nsAutoString revHostSlash(revHostDot);
  revHostSlash.Truncate(revHostSlash.Length() - 1);
  revHostSlash.Append('/');

  // build condition string based on host selection type
  nsAutoCString conditionString;
  if (aEntireDomain)
    conditionString.AssignLiteral("rev_host >= ?1 AND rev_host < ?2 ");
  else
    conditionString.AssignLiteral("rev_host = ?1 ");

  // create statement depending on delete type
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageStatement> statement = mDB->GetStatement(
    NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("SELECT id FROM moz_places WHERE ") + conditionString
  );
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(statement);
  mozStorageStatementScoper scoper(statement);

  rv = statement->BindStringByIndex(0, revHostDot);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  if (aEntireDomain) {
    rv = statement->BindStringByIndex(1, revHostSlash);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  }

  nsCString hostPlaceIds;
  bool hasMore = false;
  while (NS_SUCCEEDED(statement->ExecuteStep(&hasMore)) && hasMore) {
    if (!hostPlaceIds.IsEmpty())
      hostPlaceIds.Append(',');
    int64_t placeId;
    rv = statement->GetInt64(0, &placeId);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    hostPlaceIds.AppendInt(placeId);
  }

  // force a full refresh calling onEndUpdateBatch (will call Refresh())
  UpdateBatchScoper batch(*this); // sends Begin/EndUpdateBatch to observers

  rv = RemovePagesInternal(hostPlaceIds);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // Clear the registered embed visits.
  clearEmbedVisits();

  return NS_OK;
}


// nsNavHistory::RemovePagesByTimeframe
//
//    This function will delete all history information about
//    pages for a given timeframe.
//    Limits are included: aBeginTime <= timeframe <= aEndTime
//
//    This method sends onBeginUpdateBatch/onEndUpdateBatch to observers

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::RemovePagesByTimeframe(PRTime aBeginTime, PRTime aEndTime)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");

  nsresult rv;
  // build a list of place ids to delete
  nsCString deletePlaceIdsQueryString;

  // we only need to know if a place has a visit into the given timeframe
  // this query is faster than actually selecting in moz_historyvisits
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageStatement> selectByTime = mDB->GetStatement(
    "SELECT h.id FROM moz_places h WHERE "
      "EXISTS "
        "(SELECT id FROM moz_historyvisits v WHERE v.place_id = h.id "
          "AND v.visit_date >= :from_date AND v.visit_date <= :to_date LIMIT 1)"
  );
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(selectByTime);
  mozStorageStatementScoper selectByTimeScoper(selectByTime);

  rv = selectByTime->BindInt64ByName(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("from_date"), aBeginTime);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  rv = selectByTime->BindInt64ByName(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("to_date"), aEndTime);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  bool hasMore = false;
  while (NS_SUCCEEDED(selectByTime->ExecuteStep(&hasMore)) && hasMore) {
    int64_t placeId;
    rv = selectByTime->GetInt64(0, &placeId);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    if (placeId != 0) {
      if (!deletePlaceIdsQueryString.IsEmpty())
        deletePlaceIdsQueryString.Append(',');
      deletePlaceIdsQueryString.AppendInt(placeId);
    }
  }

  // force a full refresh calling onEndUpdateBatch (will call Refresh())
  UpdateBatchScoper batch(*this); // sends Begin/EndUpdateBatch to observers

  rv = RemovePagesInternal(deletePlaceIdsQueryString);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // Clear the registered embed visits.
  clearEmbedVisits();

  return NS_OK;
}


/**
 * Removes all visits in a given timeframe.  Limits are included:
 * aBeginTime <= timeframe <= aEndTime.  Any place that becomes unvisited
 * as a result will also be deleted.
 *
 * Note that removal is performed in batch, so observers will not be
 * notified of individual places that are deleted.  Instead they will be
 * notified onBeginUpdateBatch and onEndUpdateBatch.
 *
 * @param aBeginTime
 *        The start of the timeframe, inclusive
 * @param aEndTime
 *        The end of the timeframe, inclusive
 */
NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::RemoveVisitsByTimeframe(PRTime aBeginTime, PRTime aEndTime)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");

  nsresult rv;

  // Build a list of place IDs whose visits fall entirely within the timespan.
  // These places will be deleted by the call to CleanupPlacesOnVisitsDelete
  // below.
  nsCString deletePlaceIdsQueryString;
  {
    nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageStatement> selectByTime = mDB->GetStatement(
      "SELECT place_id "
      "FROM moz_historyvisits "
      "WHERE :from_date <= visit_date AND visit_date <= :to_date "
      "EXCEPT "
      "SELECT place_id "
      "FROM moz_historyvisits "
      "WHERE visit_date < :from_date OR :to_date < visit_date"
    );
    NS_ENSURE_STATE(selectByTime);
    mozStorageStatementScoper selectByTimeScoper(selectByTime);
    rv = selectByTime->BindInt64ByName(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("from_date"), aBeginTime);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    rv = selectByTime->BindInt64ByName(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("to_date"), aEndTime);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

    bool hasMore = false;
    while (NS_SUCCEEDED(selectByTime->ExecuteStep(&hasMore)) && hasMore) {
      int64_t placeId;
      rv = selectByTime->GetInt64(0, &placeId);
      NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
      // placeId should not be <= 0, but be defensive.
      if (placeId > 0) {
        if (!deletePlaceIdsQueryString.IsEmpty())
          deletePlaceIdsQueryString.Append(',');
        deletePlaceIdsQueryString.AppendInt(placeId);
      }
    }
  }

  // force a full refresh calling onEndUpdateBatch (will call Refresh())
  UpdateBatchScoper batch(*this); // sends Begin/EndUpdateBatch to observers

  mozStorageTransaction transaction(mDB->MainConn(), false);

  // Delete all visits within the timeframe.
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageStatement> deleteVisitsStmt = mDB->GetStatement(
    "DELETE FROM moz_historyvisits "
    "WHERE :from_date <= visit_date AND visit_date <= :to_date"
  );
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(deleteVisitsStmt);
  mozStorageStatementScoper deletevisitsScoper(deleteVisitsStmt);

  rv = deleteVisitsStmt->BindInt64ByName(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("from_date"), aBeginTime);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  rv = deleteVisitsStmt->BindInt64ByName(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("to_date"), aEndTime);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  rv = deleteVisitsStmt->Execute();
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  rv = CleanupPlacesOnVisitsDelete(deletePlaceIdsQueryString);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  rv = transaction.Commit();
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // Clear the registered embed visits.
  clearEmbedVisits();

  // Invalidate the cached value for whether there's history or not.
  mDaysOfHistory = -1;

  return NS_OK;
}


// nsNavHistory::RemoveAllPages
//
//    This function is used to clear history.

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::RemoveAllPages()
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");

  nsresult rv = mDB->MainConn()->ExecuteSimpleSQL(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
    "DELETE FROM moz_historyvisits"
  ));
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // Clear the registered embed visits.
  clearEmbedVisits();

  // Update the cached value for whether there's history or not.
  mDaysOfHistory = 0;

  // Expiration will take care of orphans.
  NOTIFY_OBSERVERS(mCanNotify, mCacheObservers, mObservers,
                   nsINavHistoryObserver, OnClearHistory());

  // Invalidate frecencies for the remaining places.  This must happen
  // after the notification to ensure it runs enqueued to expiration.
  rv = invalidateFrecencies(EmptyCString());
  NS_WARN_IF_FALSE(NS_SUCCEEDED(rv), "failed to fix invalid frecencies");

  return NS_OK;
}


// Call this method before visiting a URL in order to help determine the
// transition type of the visit.
//
// @see MarkPageAsFollowedBookmark

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::MarkPageAsTyped(nsIURI *aURI)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aURI);

  // don't add when history is disabled
  if (IsHistoryDisabled())
    return NS_OK;

  nsAutoCString uriString;
  nsresult rv = aURI->GetSpec(uriString);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // if URL is already in the typed queue, then we need to remove the old one
  int64_t unusedEventTime;
  if (mRecentTyped.Get(uriString, &unusedEventTime))
    mRecentTyped.Remove(uriString);

  if (mRecentTyped.Count() > RECENT_EVENT_QUEUE_MAX_LENGTH)
    ExpireNonrecentEvents(&mRecentTyped);

  mRecentTyped.Put(uriString, GetNow());
  return NS_OK;
}


// Call this method before visiting a URL in order to help determine the
// transition type of the visit.
//
// @see MarkPageAsTyped

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::MarkPageAsFollowedLink(nsIURI *aURI)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aURI);

  // don't add when history is disabled
  if (IsHistoryDisabled())
    return NS_OK;

  nsAutoCString uriString;
  nsresult rv = aURI->GetSpec(uriString);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // if URL is already in the links queue, then we need to remove the old one
  int64_t unusedEventTime;
  if (mRecentLink.Get(uriString, &unusedEventTime))
    mRecentLink.Remove(uriString);

  if (mRecentLink.Count() > RECENT_EVENT_QUEUE_MAX_LENGTH)
    ExpireNonrecentEvents(&mRecentLink);

  mRecentLink.Put(uriString, GetNow());
  return NS_OK;
}


NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::GetPageTitle(nsIURI* aURI, nsAString& aTitle)
{
  PLACES_WARN_DEPRECATED();

  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aURI);

  aTitle.Truncate(0);

  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageStatement> stmt = mDB->GetStatement(
    "SELECT id, url, title, rev_host, visit_count, guid "
    "FROM moz_places "
    "WHERE url = :page_url "
  );
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(stmt);
  mozStorageStatementScoper scoper(stmt);

  nsresult rv = URIBinder::Bind(stmt, NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("page_url"), aURI);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  bool hasResults = false;
  rv = stmt->ExecuteStep(&hasResults);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  if (!hasResults) {
    aTitle.SetIsVoid(true);
    return NS_OK; // Not found, return a void string.
  }

  rv = stmt->GetString(2, aTitle);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  return NS_OK;
}


////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//// mozIStorageVacuumParticipant

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::GetDatabaseConnection(mozIStorageConnection** _DBConnection)
{
  return GetDBConnection(_DBConnection);
}


NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::GetExpectedDatabasePageSize(int32_t* _expectedPageSize)
{
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(mDB);
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(mDB->MainConn());
  return mDB->MainConn()->GetDefaultPageSize(_expectedPageSize);
}


NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::OnBeginVacuum(bool* _vacuumGranted)
{
  // TODO: Check if we have to deny the vacuum in some heavy-load case.
  // We could maybe want to do that during batches?
  *_vacuumGranted = true;
  return NS_OK;
}


NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::OnEndVacuum(bool aSucceeded)
{
  NS_WARN_IF_FALSE(aSucceeded, "Places.sqlite vacuum failed.");
  return NS_OK;
}


////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//// nsPIPlacesDatabase

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::GetDBConnection(mozIStorageConnection **_DBConnection)
{
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(_DBConnection);
  nsRefPtr<mozIStorageConnection> connection = mDB->MainConn();
  connection.forget(_DBConnection);

  return NS_OK;
}

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::AsyncExecuteLegacyQueries(nsINavHistoryQuery** aQueries,
                                        uint32_t aQueryCount,
                                        nsINavHistoryQueryOptions* aOptions,
                                        mozIStorageStatementCallback* aCallback,
                                        mozIStoragePendingStatement** _stmt)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aQueries);
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aOptions);
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aCallback);
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(_stmt);

  nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryQuery> queries;
  for (uint32_t i = 0; i < aQueryCount; i ++) {
    nsCOMPtr<nsNavHistoryQuery> query = do_QueryInterface(aQueries[i]);
    NS_ENSURE_STATE(query);
    queries.AppendObject(query);
  }
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_MIN(queries.Count(), 1);

  nsCOMPtr<nsNavHistoryQueryOptions> options = do_QueryInterface(aOptions);
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(options);

  nsCString queryString;
  bool paramsPresent = false;
  nsNavHistory::StringHash addParams(HISTORY_DATE_CONT_LENGTH);
  nsresult rv = ConstructQueryString(queries, options, queryString,
                                     paramsPresent, addParams);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv,rv);

  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageAsyncStatement> statement =
    mDB->GetAsyncStatement(queryString);
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(statement);

#ifdef DEBUG
  if (NS_FAILED(rv)) {
    nsAutoCString lastErrorString;
    (void)mDB->MainConn()->GetLastErrorString(lastErrorString);
    int32_t lastError = 0;
    (void)mDB->MainConn()->GetLastError(&lastError);
    printf("Places failed to create a statement from this query:\n%s\nStorage error (%d): %s\n",
           queryString.get(), lastError, lastErrorString.get());
  }
#endif
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  if (paramsPresent) {
    // bind parameters
    int32_t i;
    for (i = 0; i < queries.Count(); i++) {
      rv = BindQueryClauseParameters(statement, i, queries[i], options);
      NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    }
  }
  addParams.EnumerateRead(BindAdditionalParameter, statement.get());

  rv = statement->ExecuteAsync(aCallback, _stmt);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  return NS_OK;
}


// nsPIPlacesHistoryListenersNotifier ******************************************

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::NotifyOnPageExpired(nsIURI *aURI, PRTime aVisitTime,
                                  bool aWholeEntry, const nsACString& aGUID,
                                  uint16_t aReason, uint32_t aTransitionType)
{
  // Invalidate the cached value for whether there's history or not.
  mDaysOfHistory = -1;

  MOZ_ASSERT(!aGUID.IsEmpty());
  if (aWholeEntry) {
    // Notify our observers that the page has been removed.
    NOTIFY_OBSERVERS(mCanNotify, mCacheObservers, mObservers,
                     nsINavHistoryObserver, OnDeleteURI(aURI, aGUID, aReason));
  }
  else {
    // Notify our observers that some visits for the page have been removed.
    NOTIFY_OBSERVERS(mCanNotify, mCacheObservers, mObservers,
                     nsINavHistoryObserver,
                     OnDeleteVisits(aURI, aVisitTime, aGUID, aReason,
                                    aTransitionType));
  }

  return NS_OK;
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//// nsIObserver

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsNavHistory::Observe(nsISupports *aSubject, const char *aTopic,
                    const char16_t *aData)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");

  if (strcmp(aTopic, TOPIC_PROFILE_TEARDOWN) == 0 ||
      strcmp(aTopic, TOPIC_PROFILE_CHANGE) == 0) {
    // These notifications are used by tests to simulate a Places shutdown.
    // They should just be forwarded to the Database handle.
    mDB->Observe(aSubject, aTopic, aData);
  }

  else if (strcmp(aTopic, TOPIC_PLACES_CONNECTION_CLOSED) == 0) {
      // Don't even try to notify observers from this point on, the category
      // cache would init services that could try to use our APIs.
      mCanNotify = false;
  }

#ifdef MOZ_XUL
  else if (strcmp(aTopic, TOPIC_AUTOCOMPLETE_FEEDBACK_INCOMING) == 0) {
    nsCOMPtr<nsIAutoCompleteInput> input = do_QueryInterface(aSubject);
    if (!input)
      return NS_OK;

    // If the source is a private window, don't add any input history.
    bool isPrivate;
    nsresult rv = input->GetInPrivateContext(&isPrivate);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    if (isPrivate)
      return NS_OK;

    nsCOMPtr<nsIAutoCompletePopup> popup;
    input->GetPopup(getter_AddRefs(popup));
    if (!popup)
      return NS_OK;

    nsCOMPtr<nsIAutoCompleteController> controller;
    input->GetController(getter_AddRefs(controller));
    if (!controller)
      return NS_OK;

    // Don't bother if the popup is closed
    bool open;
    rv = popup->GetPopupOpen(&open);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    if (!open)
      return NS_OK;

    // Ignore if nothing selected from the popup
    int32_t selectedIndex;
    rv = popup->GetSelectedIndex(&selectedIndex);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    if (selectedIndex == -1)
      return NS_OK;

    rv = AutoCompleteFeedback(selectedIndex, controller);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  }

#endif
  else if (strcmp(aTopic, TOPIC_PREF_CHANGED) == 0) {
    LoadPrefs();
  }

  else if (strcmp(aTopic, TOPIC_IDLE_DAILY) == 0) {
    (void)DecayFrecency();
  }

  return NS_OK;
}


namespace {

class DecayFrecencyCallback : public AsyncStatementTelemetryTimer
{
public:
  DecayFrecencyCallback()
    : AsyncStatementTelemetryTimer(Telemetry::PLACES_IDLE_FRECENCY_DECAY_TIME_MS)
  {
  }

  NS_IMETHOD HandleCompletion(uint16_t aReason)
  {
    (void)AsyncStatementTelemetryTimer::HandleCompletion(aReason);
    if (aReason == REASON_FINISHED) {
      nsNavHistory *navHistory = nsNavHistory::GetHistoryService();
      NS_ENSURE_STATE(navHistory);
      navHistory->NotifyManyFrecenciesChanged();
    }
    return NS_OK;
  }
};

} // anonymous namespace

nsresult
nsNavHistory::DecayFrecency()
{
  nsresult rv = FixInvalidFrecencies();
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // Globally decay places frecency rankings to estimate reduced frecency
  // values of pages that haven't been visited for a while, i.e., they do
  // not get an updated frecency.  A scaling factor of .975 results in .5 the
  // original value after 28 days.
  // When changing the scaling factor, ensure that the barrier in
  // moz_places_afterupdate_frecency_trigger still ignores these changes.
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageAsyncStatement> decayFrecency = mDB->GetAsyncStatement(
    "UPDATE moz_places SET frecency = ROUND(frecency * .975) "
    "WHERE frecency > 0"
  );
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(decayFrecency);

  // Decay potentially unused adaptive entries (e.g. those that are at 1)
  // to allow better chances for new entries that will start at 1.
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageAsyncStatement> decayAdaptive = mDB->GetAsyncStatement(
    "UPDATE moz_inputhistory SET use_count = use_count * .975"
  );
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(decayAdaptive);

  // Delete any adaptive entries that won't help in ordering anymore.
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageAsyncStatement> deleteAdaptive = mDB->GetAsyncStatement(
    "DELETE FROM moz_inputhistory WHERE use_count < .01"
  );
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(deleteAdaptive);

  mozIStorageBaseStatement *stmts[] = {
    decayFrecency.get(),
    decayAdaptive.get(),
    deleteAdaptive.get()
  };
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStoragePendingStatement> ps;
  nsRefPtr<DecayFrecencyCallback> cb = new DecayFrecencyCallback();
  rv = mDB->MainConn()->ExecuteAsync(stmts, ArrayLength(stmts), cb,
                                     getter_AddRefs(ps));
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  return NS_OK;
}


// Query stuff *****************************************************************

// Helper class for QueryToSelectClause
//
// This class helps to build part of the WHERE clause. It supports 
// multiple queries by appending the query index to the parameter name. 
// For the query with index 0 the parameter name is not altered what
// allows using this parameter in other situations (see SelectAsSite). 

class ConditionBuilder
{
public:

  ConditionBuilder(int32_t aQueryIndex): mQueryIndex(aQueryIndex)
  { }

  ConditionBuilder& Condition(const char* aStr)
  {
    if (!mClause.IsEmpty())
      mClause.AppendLiteral(" AND ");
    Str(aStr);
    return *this;
  }

  ConditionBuilder& Str(const char* aStr)
  {
    mClause.Append(' ');
    mClause.Append(aStr);
    mClause.Append(' ');
    return *this;
  }

  ConditionBuilder& Param(const char* aParam)
  {
    mClause.Append(' ');
    if (!mQueryIndex)
      mClause.Append(aParam);
    else
      mClause += nsPrintfCString("%s%d", aParam, mQueryIndex);

    mClause.Append(' ');
    return *this;
  }

  void GetClauseString(nsCString& aResult) 
  {
    aResult = mClause;
  }

private:

  int32_t mQueryIndex;
  nsCString mClause;
};


// nsNavHistory::QueryToSelectClause
//
//    THE BEHAVIOR SHOULD BE IN SYNC WITH BindQueryClauseParameters
//
//    I don't check return values from the query object getters because there's
//    no way for those to fail.

nsresult
nsNavHistory::QueryToSelectClause(nsNavHistoryQuery* aQuery, // const
                                  nsNavHistoryQueryOptions* aOptions,
                                  int32_t aQueryIndex,
                                  nsCString* aClause)
{
  bool hasIt;
  bool excludeQueries = aOptions->ExcludeQueries();

  ConditionBuilder clause(aQueryIndex);

  if ((NS_SUCCEEDED(aQuery->GetHasBeginTime(&hasIt)) && hasIt) ||
    (NS_SUCCEEDED(aQuery->GetHasEndTime(&hasIt)) && hasIt)) {
    clause.Condition("EXISTS (SELECT 1 FROM moz_historyvisits "
                              "WHERE place_id = h.id");
    // begin time
    if (NS_SUCCEEDED(aQuery->GetHasBeginTime(&hasIt)) && hasIt) 
      clause.Condition("visit_date >=").Param(":begin_time");
    // end time
    if (NS_SUCCEEDED(aQuery->GetHasEndTime(&hasIt)) && hasIt)
      clause.Condition("visit_date <=").Param(":end_time");
    clause.Str(" LIMIT 1)");
  }

  // search terms
  bool hasSearchTerms;
  if (NS_SUCCEEDED(aQuery->GetHasSearchTerms(&hasSearchTerms)) && hasSearchTerms) {
    // Re-use the autocomplete_match function.  Setting the behavior to 0
    // it can match everything and work as a nice case insensitive comparator.
    clause.Condition("AUTOCOMPLETE_MATCH(").Param(":search_string")
          .Str(", h.url, page_title, tags, ")
          .Str(nsPrintfCString("0, 0, 0, 0, %d, 0)",
                               mozIPlacesAutoComplete::MATCH_ANYWHERE_UNMODIFIED).get());
    // Serching by terms implicitly exclude queries.
    excludeQueries = true;
  }

  // min and max visit count
  if (aQuery->MinVisits() >= 0)
    clause.Condition("h.visit_count >=").Param(":min_visits");

  if (aQuery->MaxVisits() >= 0)
    clause.Condition("h.visit_count <=").Param(":max_visits");
  
  // only bookmarked, has no affect on bookmarks-only queries
  if (aOptions->QueryType() != nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::QUERY_TYPE_BOOKMARKS &&
      aQuery->OnlyBookmarked())
    clause.Condition("EXISTS (SELECT b.fk FROM moz_bookmarks b WHERE b.type = ")
          .Str(nsPrintfCString("%d", nsNavBookmarks::TYPE_BOOKMARK).get())
          .Str("AND b.fk = h.id)");

  // domain
  if (NS_SUCCEEDED(aQuery->GetHasDomain(&hasIt)) && hasIt) {
    bool domainIsHost = false;
    aQuery->GetDomainIsHost(&domainIsHost);
    if (domainIsHost)
      clause.Condition("h.rev_host =").Param(":domain_lower");
    else
      // see domain setting in BindQueryClauseParameters for why we do this
      clause.Condition("h.rev_host >=").Param(":domain_lower")
            .Condition("h.rev_host <").Param(":domain_upper");
  }

  // URI
  if (NS_SUCCEEDED(aQuery->GetHasUri(&hasIt)) && hasIt) {
    if (aQuery->UriIsPrefix()) {
      clause.Condition("h.url >= ").Param(":uri")
            .Condition("h.url <= ").Param(":uri_upper");
    }
    else
      clause.Condition("h.url =").Param(":uri");
  }

  // annotation
  aQuery->GetHasAnnotation(&hasIt);
  if (hasIt) {
    clause.Condition("");
    if (aQuery->AnnotationIsNot())
      clause.Str("NOT");
    clause.Str(
      "EXISTS "
        "(SELECT h.id "
         "FROM moz_annos anno "
         "JOIN moz_anno_attributes annoname "
           "ON anno.anno_attribute_id = annoname.id "
         "WHERE anno.place_id = h.id "
           "AND annoname.name = ").Param(":anno").Str(")");
    // annotation-based queries don't get the common conditions, so you get
    // all URLs with that annotation
  }

  // tags
  const nsTArray<nsString> &tags = aQuery->Tags();
  if (tags.Length() > 0) {
    clause.Condition("h.id");
    if (aQuery->TagsAreNot())
      clause.Str("NOT");
    clause.Str(
      "IN "
        "(SELECT bms.fk "
         "FROM moz_bookmarks bms "
         "JOIN moz_bookmarks tags ON bms.parent = tags.id "
         "WHERE tags.parent =").
           Param(":tags_folder").
           Str("AND tags.title IN (");
    for (uint32_t i = 0; i < tags.Length(); ++i) {
      nsPrintfCString param(":tag%d_", i);
      clause.Param(param.get());
      if (i < tags.Length() - 1)
        clause.Str(",");
    }
    clause.Str(")");
    if (!aQuery->TagsAreNot())
      clause.Str("GROUP BY bms.fk HAVING count(*) >=").Param(":tag_count");
    clause.Str(")");
  }

  // transitions
  const nsTArray<uint32_t>& transitions = aQuery->Transitions();
  for (uint32_t i = 0; i < transitions.Length(); ++i) {
    nsPrintfCString param(":transition%d_", i);
    clause.Condition("h.id IN (SELECT place_id FROM moz_historyvisits "
                             "WHERE visit_type = ")
          .Param(param.get())
          .Str(")");
  }

  // folders
  const nsTArray<int64_t>& folders = aQuery->Folders();
  if (folders.Length() > 0) {
    nsTArray<int64_t> includeFolders;
    includeFolders.AppendElements(folders);

    nsNavBookmarks* bookmarks = nsNavBookmarks::GetBookmarksService();
    NS_ENSURE_STATE(bookmarks);

    for (nsTArray<int64_t>::size_type i = 0; i < folders.Length(); ++i) {
      nsTArray<int64_t> subFolders;
      if (NS_FAILED(bookmarks->GetDescendantFolders(folders[i], subFolders)))
        continue;
      includeFolders.AppendElements(subFolders);
    }

    clause.Condition("b.parent IN(");
    for (nsTArray<int64_t>::size_type i = 0; i < includeFolders.Length(); ++i) {
      clause.Str(nsPrintfCString("%lld", includeFolders[i]).get());
      if (i < includeFolders.Length() - 1) {
        clause.Str(",");
      }
    }
    clause.Str(")");
  }

  if (excludeQueries) {
    // Serching by terms implicitly exclude queries.
    clause.Condition("NOT h.url BETWEEN 'place:' AND 'place;'");
  }

  clause.GetClauseString(*aClause);
  return NS_OK;
}


// nsNavHistory::BindQueryClauseParameters
//
//    THE BEHAVIOR SHOULD BE IN SYNC WITH QueryToSelectClause

nsresult
nsNavHistory::BindQueryClauseParameters(mozIStorageBaseStatement* statement,
                                        int32_t aQueryIndex,
                                        nsNavHistoryQuery* aQuery, // const
                                        nsNavHistoryQueryOptions* aOptions)
{
  nsresult rv;

  bool hasIt;
  // Append numbered index to param names, to replace them correctly in
  // case of multiple queries.  If we have just one query we don't change the
  // param name though.
  nsAutoCString qIndex;
  if (aQueryIndex > 0)
    qIndex.AppendInt(aQueryIndex);

  // begin time
  if (NS_SUCCEEDED(aQuery->GetHasBeginTime(&hasIt)) && hasIt) {
    PRTime time = NormalizeTime(aQuery->BeginTimeReference(),
                                aQuery->BeginTime());
    rv = statement->BindInt64ByName(
      NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("begin_time") + qIndex, time);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  }

  // end time
  if (NS_SUCCEEDED(aQuery->GetHasEndTime(&hasIt)) && hasIt) {
    PRTime time = NormalizeTime(aQuery->EndTimeReference(),
                                aQuery->EndTime());
    rv = statement->BindInt64ByName(
      NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("end_time") + qIndex, time
    );
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  }

  // search terms
  if (NS_SUCCEEDED(aQuery->GetHasSearchTerms(&hasIt)) && hasIt) {
    rv = statement->BindStringByName(
      NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("search_string") + qIndex,
      aQuery->SearchTerms()
    );
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  }

  // min and max visit count
  int32_t visits = aQuery->MinVisits();
  if (visits >= 0) {
    rv = statement->BindInt32ByName(
      NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("min_visits") + qIndex, visits
    );
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  }

  visits = aQuery->MaxVisits();
  if (visits >= 0) {
    rv = statement->BindInt32ByName(
      NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("max_visits") + qIndex, visits
    );
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  }

  // domain (see GetReversedHostname for more info on reversed host names)
  if (NS_SUCCEEDED(aQuery->GetHasDomain(&hasIt)) && hasIt) {
    nsString revDomain;
    GetReversedHostname(NS_ConvertUTF8toUTF16(aQuery->Domain()), revDomain);

    if (aQuery->DomainIsHost()) {
      rv = statement->BindStringByName(
        NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("domain_lower") + qIndex, revDomain
      );
      NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    } else {
      // for "mozilla.org" do query >= "gro.allizom." AND < "gro.allizom/"
      // which will get everything starting with "gro.allizom." while using the
      // index (using SUBSTRING() causes indexes to be discarded).
      NS_ASSERTION(revDomain[revDomain.Length() - 1] == '.', "Invalid rev. host");
      rv = statement->BindStringByName(
        NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("domain_lower") + qIndex, revDomain
      );
      NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
      revDomain.Truncate(revDomain.Length() - 1);
      revDomain.Append(char16_t('/'));
      rv = statement->BindStringByName(
        NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("domain_upper") + qIndex, revDomain
      );
      NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    }
  }

  // URI
  if (aQuery->Uri()) {
    rv = URIBinder::Bind(
      statement, NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("uri") + qIndex, aQuery->Uri()
    );
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    if (aQuery->UriIsPrefix()) {
      nsAutoCString uriString;
      aQuery->Uri()->GetSpec(uriString);
      uriString.Append(char(0x7F)); // MAX_UTF8
      rv = URIBinder::Bind(
        statement, NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("uri_upper") + qIndex, uriString
      );
      NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    }
  }

  // annotation
  if (!aQuery->Annotation().IsEmpty()) {
    rv = statement->BindUTF8StringByName(
      NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("anno") + qIndex, aQuery->Annotation()
    );
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  }

  // tags
  const nsTArray<nsString> &tags = aQuery->Tags();
  if (tags.Length() > 0) {
    for (uint32_t i = 0; i < tags.Length(); ++i) {
      nsPrintfCString paramName("tag%d_", i);
      NS_ConvertUTF16toUTF8 tag(tags[i]);
      rv = statement->BindUTF8StringByName(paramName + qIndex, tag);
      NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    }
    int64_t tagsFolder = GetTagsFolder();
    rv = statement->BindInt64ByName(
      NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("tags_folder") + qIndex, tagsFolder
    );
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    if (!aQuery->TagsAreNot()) {
      rv = statement->BindInt32ByName(
        NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("tag_count") + qIndex, tags.Length()
      );
      NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    }
  }

  // transitions
  const nsTArray<uint32_t>& transitions = aQuery->Transitions();
  if (transitions.Length() > 0) {
    for (uint32_t i = 0; i < transitions.Length(); ++i) {
      nsPrintfCString paramName("transition%d_", i);
      rv = statement->BindInt64ByName(paramName + qIndex, transitions[i]);
      NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    }
  }

  return NS_OK;
}


// nsNavHistory::ResultsAsList
//

nsresult
nsNavHistory::ResultsAsList(mozIStorageStatement* statement,
                            nsNavHistoryQueryOptions* aOptions,
                            nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryResultNode>* aResults)
{
  nsresult rv;
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageValueArray> row = do_QueryInterface(statement, &rv);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  bool hasMore = false;
  while (NS_SUCCEEDED(statement->ExecuteStep(&hasMore)) && hasMore) {
    nsRefPtr<nsNavHistoryResultNode> result;
    rv = RowToResult(row, aOptions, getter_AddRefs(result));
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    aResults->AppendObject(result);
  }
  return NS_OK;
}

const int64_t UNDEFINED_URN_VALUE = -1;

// Create a urn (like
// urn:places-persist:place:group=0&group=1&sort=1&type=1,,%28local%20files%29)
// to be used to persist the open state of this container
nsresult
CreatePlacesPersistURN(nsNavHistoryQueryResultNode *aResultNode, 
                       int64_t aValue, const nsCString& aTitle, nsCString& aURN)
{
  nsAutoCString uri;
  nsresult rv = aResultNode->GetUri(uri);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  aURN.AssignLiteral("urn:places-persist:");
  aURN.Append(uri);

  aURN.Append(',');
  if (aValue != UNDEFINED_URN_VALUE)
    aURN.AppendInt(aValue);

  aURN.Append(',');
  if (!aTitle.IsEmpty()) {
    nsAutoCString escapedTitle;
    bool success = NS_Escape(aTitle, escapedTitle, url_XAlphas);
    NS_ENSURE_TRUE(success, NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY);
    aURN.Append(escapedTitle);
  }

  return NS_OK;
}

int64_t
nsNavHistory::GetTagsFolder()
{
  // cache our tags folder
  // note, we can't do this in nsNavHistory::Init(), 
  // as getting the bookmarks service would initialize it.
  if (mTagsFolder == -1) {
    nsNavBookmarks *bookmarks = nsNavBookmarks::GetBookmarksService();
    NS_ENSURE_TRUE(bookmarks, -1);
    
    nsresult rv = bookmarks->GetTagsFolder(&mTagsFolder);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, -1);
  }
  return mTagsFolder;
}

// nsNavHistory::FilterResultSet
//
// This does some post-query-execution filtering:
//   - searching on title, url and tags
//   - limit count
//
// Note:  changes to filtering in FilterResultSet() 
// may require changes to NeedToFilterResultSet()

nsresult
nsNavHistory::FilterResultSet(nsNavHistoryQueryResultNode* aQueryNode,
                              const nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryResultNode>& aSet,
                              nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryResultNode>* aFiltered,
                              const nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryQuery>& aQueries,
                              nsNavHistoryQueryOptions *aOptions)
{
  // get the bookmarks service
  nsNavBookmarks *bookmarks = nsNavBookmarks::GetBookmarksService();
  NS_ENSURE_TRUE(bookmarks, NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY);

  // parse the search terms
  nsTArray<nsTArray<nsString>*> terms;
  ParseSearchTermsFromQueries(aQueries, &terms);

  uint16_t resultType = aOptions->ResultType();
  for (int32_t nodeIndex = 0; nodeIndex < aSet.Count(); nodeIndex++) {
    // exclude-queries is implicit when searching, we're only looking at
    // plan URI nodes
    if (!aSet[nodeIndex]->IsURI())
      continue;

    // RESULTS_AS_TAG_CONTENTS returns a set ordered by place_id and
    // lastModified. So, to remove duplicates, we can retain the first result
    // for each uri.
    if (resultType == nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_TAG_CONTENTS &&
        nodeIndex > 0 && aSet[nodeIndex]->mURI == aSet[nodeIndex-1]->mURI)
      continue;

    if (aSet[nodeIndex]->mItemId != -1 && aQueryNode &&
        aQueryNode->mItemId == aSet[nodeIndex]->mItemId) {
      continue;
    }

    // Append the node only if it matches one of the queries.
    bool appendNode = false;
    for (int32_t queryIndex = 0;
         queryIndex < aQueries.Count() && !appendNode; queryIndex++) {

      if (terms[queryIndex]->Length()) {
        // Filter based on search terms.
        // Convert title and url for the current node to UTF16 strings.
        NS_ConvertUTF8toUTF16 nodeTitle(aSet[nodeIndex]->mTitle);
        // Unescape the URL for search terms matching.
        nsAutoCString cNodeURL(aSet[nodeIndex]->mURI);
        NS_ConvertUTF8toUTF16 nodeURL(NS_UnescapeURL(cNodeURL));

        // Determine if every search term matches anywhere in the title, url or
        // tag.
        bool matchAll = true;
        for (int32_t termIndex = terms[queryIndex]->Length() - 1;
             termIndex >= 0 && matchAll;
             termIndex--) {
          nsString& term = terms[queryIndex]->ElementAt(termIndex);

          // True if any of them match; false makes us quit the loop
          matchAll = CaseInsensitiveFindInReadable(term, nodeTitle) ||
                     CaseInsensitiveFindInReadable(term, nodeURL) ||
                     CaseInsensitiveFindInReadable(term, aSet[nodeIndex]->mTags);
        }

        // Skip the node if we don't match all terms in the title, url or tag
        if (!matchAll)
          continue;
      }

      // We passed all filters, so we can append the node to filtered results.
      appendNode = true;
    }

    if (appendNode)
      aFiltered->AppendObject(aSet[nodeIndex]);

    // Stop once we have reached max results.
    if (aOptions->MaxResults() > 0 &&
        (uint32_t)aFiltered->Count() >= aOptions->MaxResults())
      break;
  }

  // De-allocate the temporary matrixes.
  for (int32_t i = 0; i < aQueries.Count(); i++) {
    delete terms[i];
  }

  return NS_OK;
}

void
nsNavHistory::registerEmbedVisit(nsIURI* aURI,
                                 int64_t aTime)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");

  VisitHashKey* visit = mEmbedVisits.PutEntry(aURI);
  if (!visit) {
    NS_WARNING("Unable to register a EMBED visit.");
    return;
  }
  visit->visitTime = aTime;
}

bool
nsNavHistory::hasEmbedVisit(nsIURI* aURI) {
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");

  return !!mEmbedVisits.GetEntry(aURI);
}

void
nsNavHistory::clearEmbedVisits() {
  NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "This can only be called on the main thread");

  mEmbedVisits.Clear();
}

// nsNavHistory::CheckIsRecentEvent
//
//    Sees if this URL happened "recently."
//
//    It is always removed from our recent list no matter what. It only counts
//    as "recent" if the event happened more recently than our event
//    threshold ago.

bool
nsNavHistory::CheckIsRecentEvent(RecentEventHash* hashTable,
                                 const nsACString& url)
{
  PRTime eventTime;
  if (hashTable->Get(url, reinterpret_cast<int64_t*>(&eventTime))) {
    hashTable->Remove(url);
    if (eventTime > GetNow() - RECENT_EVENT_THRESHOLD)
      return true;
    return false;
  }
  return false;
}


// nsNavHistory::ExpireNonrecentEvents
//
//    This goes through our

static PLDHashOperator
ExpireNonrecentEventsCallback(nsCStringHashKey::KeyType aKey,
                              int64_t& aData,
                              void* userArg)
{
  int64_t* threshold = reinterpret_cast<int64_t*>(userArg);
  if (aData < *threshold)
    return PL_DHASH_REMOVE;
  return PL_DHASH_NEXT;
}
void
nsNavHistory::ExpireNonrecentEvents(RecentEventHash* hashTable)
{
  int64_t threshold = GetNow() - RECENT_EVENT_THRESHOLD;
  hashTable->Enumerate(ExpireNonrecentEventsCallback,
                       reinterpret_cast<void*>(&threshold));
}


// nsNavHistory::RowToResult
//
//    Here, we just have a generic row. It could be a query, URL, visit,
//    or full visit.

nsresult
nsNavHistory::RowToResult(mozIStorageValueArray* aRow,
                          nsNavHistoryQueryOptions* aOptions,
                          nsNavHistoryResultNode** aResult)
{
  NS_ASSERTION(aRow && aOptions && aResult, "Null pointer in RowToResult");

  // URL
  nsAutoCString url;
  nsresult rv = aRow->GetUTF8String(kGetInfoIndex_URL, url);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // title
  nsAutoCString title;
  rv = aRow->GetUTF8String(kGetInfoIndex_Title, title);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  uint32_t accessCount = aRow->AsInt32(kGetInfoIndex_VisitCount);
  PRTime time = aRow->AsInt64(kGetInfoIndex_VisitDate);

  // favicon
  nsAutoCString favicon;
  rv = aRow->GetUTF8String(kGetInfoIndex_FaviconURL, favicon);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // itemId
  int64_t itemId = aRow->AsInt64(kGetInfoIndex_ItemId);
  int64_t parentId = -1;
  if (itemId == 0) {
    // This is not a bookmark.  For non-bookmarks we use a -1 itemId value.
    // Notice ids in sqlite tables start from 1, so itemId cannot ever be 0.
    itemId = -1;
  }
  else {
    // This is a bookmark, so it has a parent.
    int64_t itemParentId = aRow->AsInt64(kGetInfoIndex_ItemParentId);
    if (itemParentId > 0) {
      // The Places root has parent == 0, but that item id does not really
      // exist. We want to set the parent only if it's a real one.
      parentId = itemParentId;
    }
  }

  if (IsQueryURI(url)) {
    // special case "place:" URIs: turn them into containers

    // We should never expose the history title for query nodes if the
    // bookmark-item's title is set to null (the history title may be the
    // query string without the place: prefix). Thus we call getItemTitle
    // explicitly. Doing this in the SQL query would be less performant since
    // it should be done for all results rather than only for queries.
    if (itemId != -1) {
      nsNavBookmarks *bookmarks = nsNavBookmarks::GetBookmarksService();
      NS_ENSURE_TRUE(bookmarks, NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY);

      rv = bookmarks->GetItemTitle(itemId, title);
      NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    }

    nsRefPtr<nsNavHistoryResultNode> resultNode;
    rv = QueryRowToResult(itemId, url, title, accessCount, time, favicon,
                          getter_AddRefs(resultNode));
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv,rv);

    if (aOptions->ResultType() == nsNavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_TAG_QUERY) {
      // RESULTS_AS_TAG_QUERY has date columns
      resultNode->mDateAdded = aRow->AsInt64(kGetInfoIndex_ItemDateAdded);
      resultNode->mLastModified = aRow->AsInt64(kGetInfoIndex_ItemLastModified);
    }
    else if (resultNode->IsFolder()) {
      // If it's a simple folder node (i.e. a shortcut to another folder), apply
      // our options for it. However, if the parent type was tag query, we do not
      // apply them, because it would not yield any results.
      resultNode->GetAsContainer()->mOptions = aOptions;
    }

    resultNode.forget(aResult);
    return rv;
  } else if (aOptions->ResultType() == nsNavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_URI ||
             aOptions->ResultType() == nsNavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_TAG_CONTENTS) {
    nsRefPtr<nsNavHistoryResultNode> resultNode =
      new nsNavHistoryResultNode(url, title, accessCount, time, favicon);

    if (itemId != -1) {
      resultNode->mItemId = itemId;
      resultNode->mFolderId = parentId;
      resultNode->mDateAdded = aRow->AsInt64(kGetInfoIndex_ItemDateAdded);
      resultNode->mLastModified = aRow->AsInt64(kGetInfoIndex_ItemLastModified);
    }

    resultNode->mFrecency = aRow->AsInt32(kGetInfoIndex_Frecency);
    resultNode->mHidden = !!aRow->AsInt32(kGetInfoIndex_Hidden);

    nsAutoString tags;
    rv = aRow->GetString(kGetInfoIndex_ItemTags, tags);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    if (!tags.IsVoid()) {
      resultNode->mTags.Assign(tags);
    }

    rv = aRow->GetUTF8String(kGetInfoIndex_Guid, resultNode->mPageGuid);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

    resultNode.forget(aResult);
    return NS_OK;
  }

  if (aOptions->ResultType() == nsNavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_VISIT) {
    nsRefPtr<nsNavHistoryResultNode> resultNode =
      new nsNavHistoryResultNode(url, title, accessCount, time, favicon);

    nsAutoString tags;
    rv = aRow->GetString(kGetInfoIndex_ItemTags, tags);
    if (!tags.IsVoid())
      resultNode->mTags.Assign(tags);

    rv = aRow->GetUTF8String(kGetInfoIndex_Guid, resultNode->mPageGuid);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

    resultNode.forget(aResult);
    return NS_OK;
  }

  return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
}


// nsNavHistory::QueryRowToResult
//
//    Called by RowToResult when the URI is a place: URI to generate the proper
//    folder or query node.

nsresult
nsNavHistory::QueryRowToResult(int64_t itemId, const nsACString& aURI,
                               const nsACString& aTitle,
                               uint32_t aAccessCount, PRTime aTime,
                               const nsACString& aFavicon,
                               nsNavHistoryResultNode** aNode)
{
  nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryQuery> queries;
  nsCOMPtr<nsNavHistoryQueryOptions> options;
  nsresult rv = QueryStringToQueryArray(aURI, &queries,
                                        getter_AddRefs(options));

  nsRefPtr<nsNavHistoryResultNode> resultNode;
  // If this failed the query does not parse correctly, let the error pass and
  // handle it later.
  if (NS_SUCCEEDED(rv)) {
    // Check if this is a folder shortcut, so we can take a faster path.
    int64_t folderId = GetSimpleBookmarksQueryFolder(queries, options);
    if (folderId) {
      nsNavBookmarks *bookmarks = nsNavBookmarks::GetBookmarksService();
      NS_ENSURE_TRUE(bookmarks, NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY);

      rv = bookmarks->ResultNodeForContainer(folderId, options,
                                             getter_AddRefs(resultNode));
      // If this failed the shortcut is pointing to nowhere, let the error pass
      // and handle it later.
      if (NS_SUCCEEDED(rv)) {
        // This is the query itemId, and is what is exposed by node.itemId.
        resultNode->GetAsFolder()->mQueryItemId = itemId;

        // Use the query item title, unless it's void (in that case use the 
        // concrete folder title).
        if (!aTitle.IsVoid()) {
          resultNode->mTitle = aTitle;
        }
      }
    }
    else {
      // This is a regular query.
      resultNode = new nsNavHistoryQueryResultNode(aTitle, EmptyCString(),
                                                   aTime, queries, options);
      resultNode->mItemId = itemId;
    }
  }

  if (NS_FAILED(rv)) {
    NS_WARNING("Generating a generic empty node for a broken query!");
    // This is a broken query, that either did not parse or points to not
    // existing data.  We don't want to return failure since that will kill the
    // whole result.  Instead make a generic empty query node.
    resultNode = new nsNavHistoryQueryResultNode(aTitle, aFavicon, aURI);
    resultNode->mItemId = itemId;
    // This is a perf hack to generate an empty query that skips filtering.
    resultNode->GetAsQuery()->Options()->SetExcludeItems(true);
  }

  resultNode.forget(aNode);
  return NS_OK;
}


// nsNavHistory::VisitIdToResultNode
//
//    Used by the query results to create new nodes on the fly when
//    notifications come in. This just creates a node for the given visit ID.

nsresult
nsNavHistory::VisitIdToResultNode(int64_t visitId,
                                  nsNavHistoryQueryOptions* aOptions,
                                  nsNavHistoryResultNode** aResult)
{
  nsAutoCString tagsFragment;
  GetTagsSqlFragment(GetTagsFolder(), NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("h.id"),
                     true, tagsFragment);

  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageStatement> statement;
  switch (aOptions->ResultType())
  {
    case nsNavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_VISIT:
    case nsNavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_FULL_VISIT:
      // visit query - want exact visit time
      // Should match kGetInfoIndex_* (see GetQueryResults)
      statement = mDB->GetStatement(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
        "SELECT h.id, h.url, h.title, h.rev_host, h.visit_count, "
               "v.visit_date, f.url, null, null, null, null, "
               ) + tagsFragment + NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(", h.frecency, h.hidden, h.guid "
        "FROM moz_places h "
        "JOIN moz_historyvisits v ON h.id = v.place_id "
        "LEFT JOIN moz_favicons f ON h.favicon_id = f.id "
        "WHERE v.id = :visit_id ")
      );
      break;

    case nsNavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_URI:
      // URL results - want last visit time
      // Should match kGetInfoIndex_* (see GetQueryResults)
      statement = mDB->GetStatement(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
        "SELECT h.id, h.url, h.title, h.rev_host, h.visit_count, "
               "h.last_visit_date, f.url, null, null, null, null, "
               ) + tagsFragment + NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(", h.frecency, h.hidden, h.guid "
        "FROM moz_places h "
        "JOIN moz_historyvisits v ON h.id = v.place_id "
        "LEFT JOIN moz_favicons f ON h.favicon_id = f.id "
        "WHERE v.id = :visit_id ")
      );
      break;

    default:
      // Query base types like RESULTS_AS_*_QUERY handle additions
      // by registering their own observers when they are expanded.
      return NS_OK;
  }
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(statement);
  mozStorageStatementScoper scoper(statement);

  nsresult rv = statement->BindInt64ByName(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("visit_id"),
                                           visitId);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  bool hasMore = false;
  rv = statement->ExecuteStep(&hasMore);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  if (! hasMore) {
    NS_NOTREACHED("Trying to get a result node for an invalid visit");
    return NS_ERROR_INVALID_ARG;
  }

  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageValueArray> row = do_QueryInterface(statement, &rv);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  return RowToResult(row, aOptions, aResult);
}

nsresult
nsNavHistory::BookmarkIdToResultNode(int64_t aBookmarkId, nsNavHistoryQueryOptions* aOptions,
                                     nsNavHistoryResultNode** aResult)
{
  nsAutoCString tagsFragment;
  GetTagsSqlFragment(GetTagsFolder(), NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("h.id"),
                     true, tagsFragment);
  // Should match kGetInfoIndex_*
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageStatement> stmt = mDB->GetStatement(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
      "SELECT b.fk, h.url, COALESCE(b.title, h.title), "
             "h.rev_host, h.visit_count, h.last_visit_date, f.url, b.id, "
             "b.dateAdded, b.lastModified, b.parent, "
             ) + tagsFragment + NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(", h.frecency, h.hidden, h.guid "
      "FROM moz_bookmarks b "
      "JOIN moz_places h ON b.fk = h.id "
      "LEFT JOIN moz_favicons f ON h.favicon_id = f.id "
      "WHERE b.id = :item_id ")
  );
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(stmt);
  mozStorageStatementScoper scoper(stmt);

  nsresult rv = stmt->BindInt64ByName(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("item_id"),
                                      aBookmarkId);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  bool hasMore = false;
  rv = stmt->ExecuteStep(&hasMore);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  if (!hasMore) {
    NS_NOTREACHED("Trying to get a result node for an invalid bookmark identifier");
    return NS_ERROR_INVALID_ARG;
  }

  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageValueArray> row = do_QueryInterface(stmt, &rv);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  return RowToResult(row, aOptions, aResult);
}

nsresult
nsNavHistory::URIToResultNode(nsIURI* aURI,
                              nsNavHistoryQueryOptions* aOptions,
                              nsNavHistoryResultNode** aResult)
{
  nsAutoCString tagsFragment;
  GetTagsSqlFragment(GetTagsFolder(), NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("h.id"),
                     true, tagsFragment);
  // Should match kGetInfoIndex_*
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageStatement> stmt = mDB->GetStatement(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(
    "SELECT h.id, :page_url, h.title, h.rev_host, h.visit_count, "
           "h.last_visit_date, f.url, null, null, null, null, "
           ) + tagsFragment + NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(", h.frecency, h.hidden, h.guid "
    "FROM moz_places h "
    "LEFT JOIN moz_favicons f ON h.favicon_id = f.id "
    "WHERE h.url = :page_url ")
  );
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(stmt);
  mozStorageStatementScoper scoper(stmt);

  nsresult rv = URIBinder::Bind(stmt, NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("page_url"), aURI);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  bool hasMore = false;
  rv = stmt->ExecuteStep(&hasMore);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  if (!hasMore) {
    NS_NOTREACHED("Trying to get a result node for an invalid url");
    return NS_ERROR_INVALID_ARG;
  }

  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageValueArray> row = do_QueryInterface(stmt, &rv);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  return RowToResult(row, aOptions, aResult);
}

void
nsNavHistory::SendPageChangedNotification(nsIURI* aURI,
                                          uint32_t aChangedAttribute,
                                          const nsAString& aNewValue,
                                          const nsACString& aGUID)
{
  MOZ_ASSERT(!aGUID.IsEmpty());
  NOTIFY_OBSERVERS(mCanNotify, mCacheObservers, mObservers,
                   nsINavHistoryObserver,
                   OnPageChanged(aURI, aChangedAttribute, aNewValue, aGUID));
}

// nsNavHistory::TitleForDomain
//
//    This computes the title for a given domain. Normally, this is just the
//    domain name, but we specially handle empty cases to give you a nice
//    localized string.

void
nsNavHistory::TitleForDomain(const nsCString& domain, nsACString& aTitle)
{
  if (! domain.IsEmpty()) {
    aTitle = domain;
    return;
  }

  // use the localized one instead
  GetStringFromName(MOZ_UTF16("localhost"), aTitle);
}

void
nsNavHistory::GetAgeInDaysString(int32_t aInt, const char16_t *aName,
                                 nsACString& aResult)
{
  nsIStringBundle *bundle = GetBundle();
  if (bundle) {
    nsAutoString intString;
    intString.AppendInt(aInt);
    const char16_t* strings[1] = { intString.get() };
    nsXPIDLString value;
    nsresult rv = bundle->FormatStringFromName(aName, strings,
                                               1, getter_Copies(value));
    if (NS_SUCCEEDED(rv)) {
      CopyUTF16toUTF8(value, aResult);
      return;
    }
  }
  CopyUTF16toUTF8(nsDependentString(aName), aResult);
}

void
nsNavHistory::GetStringFromName(const char16_t *aName, nsACString& aResult)
{
  nsIStringBundle *bundle = GetBundle();
  if (bundle) {
    nsXPIDLString value;
    nsresult rv = bundle->GetStringFromName(aName, getter_Copies(value));
    if (NS_SUCCEEDED(rv)) {
      CopyUTF16toUTF8(value, aResult);
      return;
    }
  }
  CopyUTF16toUTF8(nsDependentString(aName), aResult);
}

void
nsNavHistory::GetMonthName(int32_t aIndex, nsACString& aResult)
{
  nsIStringBundle *bundle = GetDateFormatBundle();
  if (bundle) {
    nsCString name = nsPrintfCString("month.%d.name", aIndex);
    nsXPIDLString value;
    nsresult rv = bundle->GetStringFromName(NS_ConvertUTF8toUTF16(name).get(),
                                            getter_Copies(value));
    if (NS_SUCCEEDED(rv)) {
      CopyUTF16toUTF8(value, aResult);
      return;
    }
  }
  aResult = nsPrintfCString("[%d]", aIndex);
}

void
nsNavHistory::GetMonthYear(int32_t aMonth, int32_t aYear, nsACString& aResult)
{
  nsIStringBundle *bundle = GetBundle();
  if (bundle) {
    nsAutoCString monthName;
    GetMonthName(aMonth, monthName);
    nsAutoString yearString;
    yearString.AppendInt(aYear);
    const char16_t* strings[2] = {
      NS_ConvertUTF8toUTF16(monthName).get()
    , yearString.get()
    };
    nsXPIDLString value;
    if (NS_SUCCEEDED(bundle->FormatStringFromName(
          MOZ_UTF16("finduri-MonthYear"), strings, 2,
          getter_Copies(value)
        ))) {
      CopyUTF16toUTF8(value, aResult);
      return;
    }
  }
  aResult.AppendLiteral("finduri-MonthYear");
}


namespace {

// GetSimpleBookmarksQueryFolder
//
//    Determines if this set of queries is a simple bookmarks query for a
//    folder with no other constraints. In these common cases, we can more
//    efficiently compute the results.
//
//    A simple bookmarks query will result in a hierarchical tree of
//    bookmark items, folders and separators.
//
//    Returns the folder ID if it is a simple folder query, 0 if not.
static int64_t
GetSimpleBookmarksQueryFolder(const nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryQuery>& aQueries,
                              nsNavHistoryQueryOptions* aOptions)
{
  if (aQueries.Count() != 1)
    return 0;

  nsNavHistoryQuery* query = aQueries[0];
  if (query->Folders().Length() != 1)
    return 0;

  bool hasIt;
  query->GetHasBeginTime(&hasIt);
  if (hasIt)
    return 0;
  query->GetHasEndTime(&hasIt);
  if (hasIt)
    return 0;
  query->GetHasDomain(&hasIt);
  if (hasIt)
    return 0;
  query->GetHasUri(&hasIt);
  if (hasIt)
    return 0;
  (void)query->GetHasSearchTerms(&hasIt);
  if (hasIt)
    return 0;
  if (query->Tags().Length() > 0)
    return 0;
  if (aOptions->MaxResults() > 0)
    return 0;

  // RESULTS_AS_TAG_CONTENTS is quite similar to a folder shortcut, but it must
  // not be treated like that, since it needs all query options.
  if(aOptions->ResultType() == nsINavHistoryQueryOptions::RESULTS_AS_TAG_CONTENTS)
    return 0;

  // Don't care about onlyBookmarked flag, since specifying a bookmark
  // folder is inferring onlyBookmarked.

  return query->Folders()[0];
}


// ParseSearchTermsFromQueries
//
//    Construct a matrix of search terms from the given queries array.
//    All of the query objects are ORed together. Within a query, all the terms
//    are ANDed together. See nsINavHistoryService.idl.
//
//    This just breaks the query up into words. We don't do anything fancy,
//    not even quoting. We do, however, strip quotes, because people might
//    try to input quotes expecting them to do something and get no results
//    back.

inline bool isQueryWhitespace(char16_t ch)
{
  return ch == ' ';
}

void ParseSearchTermsFromQueries(const nsCOMArray<nsNavHistoryQuery>& aQueries,
                                 nsTArray<nsTArray<nsString>*>* aTerms)
{
  int32_t lastBegin = -1;
  for (int32_t i = 0; i < aQueries.Count(); i++) {
    nsTArray<nsString> *queryTerms = new nsTArray<nsString>();
    bool hasSearchTerms;
    if (NS_SUCCEEDED(aQueries[i]->GetHasSearchTerms(&hasSearchTerms)) &&
        hasSearchTerms) {
      const nsString& searchTerms = aQueries[i]->SearchTerms();
      for (uint32_t j = 0; j < searchTerms.Length(); j++) {
        if (isQueryWhitespace(searchTerms[j]) ||
            searchTerms[j] == '"') {
          if (lastBegin >= 0) {
            // found the end of a word
            queryTerms->AppendElement(Substring(searchTerms, lastBegin,
                                               j - lastBegin));
            lastBegin = -1;
          }
        } else {
          if (lastBegin < 0) {
            // found the beginning of a word
            lastBegin = j;
          }
        }
      }
      // last word
      if (lastBegin >= 0)
        queryTerms->AppendElement(Substring(searchTerms, lastBegin));
    }
    aTerms->AppendElement(queryTerms);
  }
}

} // anonymous namespace


nsresult
nsNavHistory::UpdateFrecency(int64_t aPlaceId)
{
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageAsyncStatement> updateFrecencyStmt = mDB->GetAsyncStatement(
    "UPDATE moz_places "
    "SET frecency = NOTIFY_FRECENCY("
      "CALCULATE_FRECENCY(:page_id), url, guid, hidden, last_visit_date"
    ") "
    "WHERE id = :page_id"
  );
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(updateFrecencyStmt);
  nsresult rv = updateFrecencyStmt->BindInt64ByName(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("page_id"),
                                                    aPlaceId);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageAsyncStatement> updateHiddenStmt = mDB->GetAsyncStatement(
    "UPDATE moz_places "
    "SET hidden = 0 "
    "WHERE id = :page_id AND frecency <> 0"
  );
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(updateHiddenStmt);
  rv = updateHiddenStmt->BindInt64ByName(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("page_id"),
                                         aPlaceId);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  mozIStorageBaseStatement *stmts[] = {
    updateFrecencyStmt.get()
  , updateHiddenStmt.get()
  };

  nsRefPtr<AsyncStatementCallbackNotifier> cb =
    new AsyncStatementCallbackNotifier(TOPIC_FRECENCY_UPDATED);
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStoragePendingStatement> ps;
  rv = mDB->MainConn()->ExecuteAsync(stmts, ArrayLength(stmts), cb,
                                     getter_AddRefs(ps));
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  return NS_OK;
}


namespace {

class FixInvalidFrecenciesCallback : public AsyncStatementCallbackNotifier
{
public:
  FixInvalidFrecenciesCallback()
    : AsyncStatementCallbackNotifier(TOPIC_FRECENCY_UPDATED)
  {
  }

  NS_IMETHOD HandleCompletion(uint16_t aReason)
  {
    nsresult rv = AsyncStatementCallbackNotifier::HandleCompletion(aReason);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    if (aReason == REASON_FINISHED) {
      nsNavHistory *navHistory = nsNavHistory::GetHistoryService();
      NS_ENSURE_STATE(navHistory);
      navHistory->NotifyManyFrecenciesChanged();
    }
    return NS_OK;
  }
};

} // anonymous namespace

nsresult
nsNavHistory::FixInvalidFrecencies()
{
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageAsyncStatement> stmt = mDB->GetAsyncStatement(
    "UPDATE moz_places "
    "SET frecency = CALCULATE_FRECENCY(id) "
    "WHERE frecency < 0"
  );
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(stmt);

  nsRefPtr<FixInvalidFrecenciesCallback> callback =
    new FixInvalidFrecenciesCallback();
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStoragePendingStatement> ps;
  (void)stmt->ExecuteAsync(callback, getter_AddRefs(ps));

  return NS_OK;
}


#ifdef MOZ_XUL

nsresult
nsNavHistory::AutoCompleteFeedback(int32_t aIndex,
                                   nsIAutoCompleteController *aController)
{
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStorageAsyncStatement> stmt = mDB->GetAsyncStatement(
    "INSERT OR REPLACE INTO moz_inputhistory "
    // use_count will asymptotically approach the max of 10.
    "SELECT h.id, IFNULL(i.input, :input_text), IFNULL(i.use_count, 0) * .9 + 1 "
    "FROM moz_places h "
    "LEFT JOIN moz_inputhistory i ON i.place_id = h.id AND i.input = :input_text "
    "WHERE url = :page_url "
  );
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(stmt);

  nsAutoString input;
  nsresult rv = aController->GetSearchString(input);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  rv = stmt->BindStringByName(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("input_text"), input);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  nsAutoString url;
  rv = aController->GetValueAt(aIndex, url);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  rv = URIBinder::Bind(stmt, NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("page_url"),
                       NS_ConvertUTF16toUTF8(url));
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // We do the update asynchronously and we do not care about failures.
  nsRefPtr<AsyncStatementCallbackNotifier> callback =
    new AsyncStatementCallbackNotifier(TOPIC_AUTOCOMPLETE_FEEDBACK_UPDATED);
  nsCOMPtr<mozIStoragePendingStatement> canceler;
  rv = stmt->ExecuteAsync(callback, getter_AddRefs(canceler));
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  return NS_OK;
}

#endif


nsICollation *
nsNavHistory::GetCollation()
{
  if (mCollation)
    return mCollation;

  // locale
  nsCOMPtr<nsILocale> locale;
  nsCOMPtr<nsILocaleService> ls(do_GetService(NS_LOCALESERVICE_CONTRACTID));
  NS_ENSURE_TRUE(ls, nullptr);
  nsresult rv = ls->GetApplicationLocale(getter_AddRefs(locale));
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, nullptr);

  // collation
  nsCOMPtr<nsICollationFactory> cfact =
    do_CreateInstance(NS_COLLATIONFACTORY_CONTRACTID);
  NS_ENSURE_TRUE(cfact, nullptr);
  rv = cfact->CreateCollation(locale, getter_AddRefs(mCollation));
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, nullptr);

  return mCollation;
}

nsIStringBundle *
nsNavHistory::GetBundle()
{
  if (!mBundle) {
    nsCOMPtr<nsIStringBundleService> bundleService =
      services::GetStringBundleService();
    NS_ENSURE_TRUE(bundleService, nullptr);
    nsresult rv = bundleService->CreateBundle(
        "chrome://places/locale/places.properties",
        getter_AddRefs(mBundle));
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, nullptr);
  }
  return mBundle;
}

nsIStringBundle *
nsNavHistory::GetDateFormatBundle()
{
  if (!mDateFormatBundle) {
    nsCOMPtr<nsIStringBundleService> bundleService =
      services::GetStringBundleService();
    NS_ENSURE_TRUE(bundleService, nullptr);
    nsresult rv = bundleService->CreateBundle(
        "chrome://global/locale/dateFormat.properties",
        getter_AddRefs(mDateFormatBundle));
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, nullptr);
  }
  return mDateFormatBundle;
}