xpcom/build/IOInterposer.cpp
author Brian Hackett <bhackett1024@gmail.com>
Wed, 14 Nov 2018 16:09:58 -1000
changeset 446931 1c7fc8389e012c987347efefca6b35f3948b742a
parent 328862 53b091d03fcde05c626e0b2d26d572bbd0fb78cf
child 448947 6f3709b3878117466168c40affa7bca0b60cf75b
permissions -rw-r--r--
Bug 1507359 Part 2 - Bindings and internal changes to allow ReplayDebugger to control child pausing/resuming, r=mccr8.

/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* vim: set ts=8 sts=2 et sw=2 tw=80: */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#include <algorithm>
#include <vector>

#include "IOInterposer.h"

#include "IOInterposerPrivate.h"
#include "MainThreadIOLogger.h"
#include "mozilla/Atomics.h"
#include "mozilla/Mutex.h"
#include "mozilla/RefPtr.h"
#include "mozilla/StaticPtr.h"
#include "mozilla/ThreadLocal.h"
#include "nscore.h" // for NS_FREE_PERMANENT_DATA
#if !defined(XP_WIN)
#include "NSPRInterposer.h"
#endif // !defined(XP_WIN)
#include "nsXULAppAPI.h"
#include "PoisonIOInterposer.h"

using namespace mozilla;

namespace {

/** Find if a vector contains a specific element */
template<class T>
bool
VectorContains(const std::vector<T>& aVector, const T& aElement)
{
  return std::find(aVector.begin(), aVector.end(), aElement) != aVector.end();
}

/** Remove element from a vector */
template<class T>
void
VectorRemove(std::vector<T>& aVector, const T& aElement)
{
  typename std::vector<T>::iterator newEnd =
    std::remove(aVector.begin(), aVector.end(), aElement);
  aVector.erase(newEnd, aVector.end());
}

/** Lists of Observers */
struct ObserverLists
{
private:
  ~ObserverLists() {}

public:
  NS_INLINE_DECL_THREADSAFE_REFCOUNTING(ObserverLists)

  ObserverLists() {}

  ObserverLists(ObserverLists const& aOther)
    : mCreateObservers(aOther.mCreateObservers)
    , mReadObservers(aOther.mReadObservers)
    , mWriteObservers(aOther.mWriteObservers)
    , mFSyncObservers(aOther.mFSyncObservers)
    , mStatObservers(aOther.mStatObservers)
    , mCloseObservers(aOther.mCloseObservers)
    , mStageObservers(aOther.mStageObservers)
  {
  }
  // Lists of observers for I/O events.
  // These are implemented as vectors since they are allowed to survive gecko,
  // without reporting leaks. This is necessary for the IOInterposer to be used
  // for late-write checks.
  std::vector<IOInterposeObserver*>  mCreateObservers;
  std::vector<IOInterposeObserver*>  mReadObservers;
  std::vector<IOInterposeObserver*>  mWriteObservers;
  std::vector<IOInterposeObserver*>  mFSyncObservers;
  std::vector<IOInterposeObserver*>  mStatObservers;
  std::vector<IOInterposeObserver*>  mCloseObservers;
  std::vector<IOInterposeObserver*>  mStageObservers;
};

class PerThreadData
{
public:
  explicit PerThreadData(bool aIsMainThread = false)
    : mIsMainThread(aIsMainThread)
    , mIsHandlingObservation(false)
    , mCurrentGeneration(0)
  {
    MOZ_COUNT_CTOR(PerThreadData);
  }

  ~PerThreadData()
  {
    MOZ_COUNT_DTOR(PerThreadData);
  }

  void CallObservers(IOInterposeObserver::Observation& aObservation)
  {
    // Prevent recursive reporting.
    if (mIsHandlingObservation) {
      return;
    }

    mIsHandlingObservation = true;
    // Decide which list of observers to inform
    std::vector<IOInterposeObserver*>* observers = nullptr;
    switch (aObservation.ObservedOperation()) {
      case IOInterposeObserver::OpCreateOrOpen:
        observers = &mObserverLists->mCreateObservers;
        break;
      case IOInterposeObserver::OpRead:
        observers = &mObserverLists->mReadObservers;
        break;
      case IOInterposeObserver::OpWrite:
        observers = &mObserverLists->mWriteObservers;
        break;
      case IOInterposeObserver::OpFSync:
        observers = &mObserverLists->mFSyncObservers;
        break;
      case IOInterposeObserver::OpStat:
        observers = &mObserverLists->mStatObservers;
        break;
      case IOInterposeObserver::OpClose:
        observers = &mObserverLists->mCloseObservers;
        break;
      case IOInterposeObserver::OpNextStage:
        observers = &mObserverLists->mStageObservers;
        break;
      default: {
        // Invalid IO operation, see documentation comment for
        // IOInterposer::Report()
        MOZ_ASSERT(false);
        // Just ignore it in non-debug builds.
        return;
      }
    }
    MOZ_ASSERT(observers);

    // Inform observers
    for (auto i = observers->begin(), e = observers->end(); i != e; ++i) {
      (*i)->Observe(aObservation);
    }
    mIsHandlingObservation = false;
  }

  inline uint32_t GetCurrentGeneration() const { return mCurrentGeneration; }

  inline bool IsMainThread() const { return mIsMainThread; }

  inline void SetObserverLists(uint32_t aNewGeneration,
                               RefPtr<ObserverLists>& aNewLists)
  {
    mCurrentGeneration = aNewGeneration;
    mObserverLists = aNewLists;
  }

  inline void ClearObserverLists()
  {
    if (mObserverLists) {
      mCurrentGeneration = 0;
      mObserverLists = nullptr;
    }
  }

private:
  bool                  mIsMainThread;
  bool                  mIsHandlingObservation;
  uint32_t              mCurrentGeneration;
  RefPtr<ObserverLists> mObserverLists;
};

class MasterList
{
public:
  MasterList()
    : mObservedOperations(IOInterposeObserver::OpNone)
    , mIsEnabled(true)
  {
    MOZ_COUNT_CTOR(MasterList);
  }

  ~MasterList()
  {
    MOZ_COUNT_DTOR(MasterList);
  }

  inline void Disable() { mIsEnabled = false; }
  inline void Enable() { mIsEnabled = true; }

  void Register(IOInterposeObserver::Operation aOp,
                IOInterposeObserver* aObserver)
  {
    IOInterposer::AutoLock lock(mLock);

    ObserverLists* newLists = nullptr;
    if (mObserverLists) {
      newLists = new ObserverLists(*mObserverLists);
    } else {
      newLists = new ObserverLists();
    }
    // You can register to observe multiple types of observations
    // but you'll never be registered twice for the same observations.
    if (aOp & IOInterposeObserver::OpCreateOrOpen &&
        !VectorContains(newLists->mCreateObservers, aObserver)) {
      newLists->mCreateObservers.push_back(aObserver);
    }
    if (aOp & IOInterposeObserver::OpRead &&
        !VectorContains(newLists->mReadObservers, aObserver)) {
      newLists->mReadObservers.push_back(aObserver);
    }
    if (aOp & IOInterposeObserver::OpWrite &&
        !VectorContains(newLists->mWriteObservers, aObserver)) {
      newLists->mWriteObservers.push_back(aObserver);
    }
    if (aOp & IOInterposeObserver::OpFSync &&
        !VectorContains(newLists->mFSyncObservers, aObserver)) {
      newLists->mFSyncObservers.push_back(aObserver);
    }
    if (aOp & IOInterposeObserver::OpStat &&
        !VectorContains(newLists->mStatObservers, aObserver)) {
      newLists->mStatObservers.push_back(aObserver);
    }
    if (aOp & IOInterposeObserver::OpClose &&
        !VectorContains(newLists->mCloseObservers, aObserver)) {
      newLists->mCloseObservers.push_back(aObserver);
    }
    if (aOp & IOInterposeObserver::OpNextStage &&
        !VectorContains(newLists->mStageObservers, aObserver)) {
      newLists->mStageObservers.push_back(aObserver);
    }
    mObserverLists = newLists;
    mObservedOperations =
      (IOInterposeObserver::Operation)(mObservedOperations | aOp);

    mCurrentGeneration++;
  }

  void Unregister(IOInterposeObserver::Operation aOp,
                  IOInterposeObserver* aObserver)
  {
    IOInterposer::AutoLock lock(mLock);

    ObserverLists* newLists = nullptr;
    if (mObserverLists) {
      newLists = new ObserverLists(*mObserverLists);
    } else {
      newLists = new ObserverLists();
    }

    if (aOp & IOInterposeObserver::OpCreateOrOpen) {
      VectorRemove(newLists->mCreateObservers, aObserver);
      if (newLists->mCreateObservers.empty()) {
        mObservedOperations =
          (IOInterposeObserver::Operation)(mObservedOperations &
                                           ~IOInterposeObserver::OpCreateOrOpen);
      }
    }
    if (aOp & IOInterposeObserver::OpRead) {
      VectorRemove(newLists->mReadObservers, aObserver);
      if (newLists->mReadObservers.empty()) {
        mObservedOperations =
          (IOInterposeObserver::Operation)(mObservedOperations &
                                           ~IOInterposeObserver::OpRead);
      }
    }
    if (aOp & IOInterposeObserver::OpWrite) {
      VectorRemove(newLists->mWriteObservers, aObserver);
      if (newLists->mWriteObservers.empty()) {
        mObservedOperations =
          (IOInterposeObserver::Operation)(mObservedOperations &
                                           ~IOInterposeObserver::OpWrite);
      }
    }
    if (aOp & IOInterposeObserver::OpFSync) {
      VectorRemove(newLists->mFSyncObservers, aObserver);
      if (newLists->mFSyncObservers.empty()) {
        mObservedOperations =
          (IOInterposeObserver::Operation)(mObservedOperations &
                                           ~IOInterposeObserver::OpFSync);
      }
    }
    if (aOp & IOInterposeObserver::OpStat) {
      VectorRemove(newLists->mStatObservers, aObserver);
      if (newLists->mStatObservers.empty()) {
        mObservedOperations =
          (IOInterposeObserver::Operation)(mObservedOperations &
                                           ~IOInterposeObserver::OpStat);
      }
    }
    if (aOp & IOInterposeObserver::OpClose) {
      VectorRemove(newLists->mCloseObservers, aObserver);
      if (newLists->mCloseObservers.empty()) {
        mObservedOperations =
          (IOInterposeObserver::Operation)(mObservedOperations &
                                           ~IOInterposeObserver::OpClose);
      }
    }
    if (aOp & IOInterposeObserver::OpNextStage) {
      VectorRemove(newLists->mStageObservers, aObserver);
      if (newLists->mStageObservers.empty()) {
        mObservedOperations =
          (IOInterposeObserver::Operation)(mObservedOperations &
                                           ~IOInterposeObserver::OpNextStage);
      }
    }
    mObserverLists = newLists;
    mCurrentGeneration++;
  }

  void Update(PerThreadData& aPtd)
  {
    if (mCurrentGeneration == aPtd.GetCurrentGeneration()) {
      return;
    }
    // If the generation counts don't match then we need to update the current
    // thread's observer list with the new master list.
    IOInterposer::AutoLock lock(mLock);
    aPtd.SetObserverLists(mCurrentGeneration, mObserverLists);
  }

  inline bool IsObservedOperation(IOInterposeObserver::Operation aOp)
  {
    // The quick reader may observe that no locks are being employed here,
    // hence the result of the operations is truly undefined. However, most
    // computers will usually return either true or false, which is good enough.
    // It is not a problem if we occasionally report more or less IO than is
    // actually occurring.
    return mIsEnabled && !!(mObservedOperations & aOp);
  }

private:
  RefPtr<ObserverLists>             mObserverLists;
  // Note, we cannot use mozilla::Mutex here as the ObserverLists may be leaked
  // (We want to monitor IO during shutdown). Furthermore, as we may have to
  // unregister observers during shutdown an OffTheBooksMutex is not an option
  // either, as its base calls into sDeadlockDetector which may be nullptr
  // during shutdown.
  IOInterposer::Mutex               mLock;
  // Flags tracking which operations are being observed
  IOInterposeObserver::Operation    mObservedOperations;
  // Used for quickly disabling everything by IOInterposer::Disable()
  Atomic<bool>                      mIsEnabled;
  // Used to inform threads that the master observer list has changed
  Atomic<uint32_t>                  mCurrentGeneration;
};

// Special observation used by IOInterposer::EnteringNextStage()
class NextStageObservation : public IOInterposeObserver::Observation
{
public:
  NextStageObservation()
    : IOInterposeObserver::Observation(IOInterposeObserver::OpNextStage,
                                       "IOInterposer", false)
  {
    mStart = TimeStamp::Now();
    mEnd = mStart;
  }
};

// List of observers registered
static StaticAutoPtr<MasterList> sMasterList;
static MOZ_THREAD_LOCAL(PerThreadData*) sThreadLocalData;
static bool sThreadLocalDataInitialized;
} // namespace

IOInterposeObserver::Observation::Observation(Operation aOperation,
                                              const char* aReference,
                                              bool aShouldReport)
  : mOperation(aOperation)
  , mReference(aReference)
  , mShouldReport(IOInterposer::IsObservedOperation(aOperation) &&
                  aShouldReport)
{
  if (mShouldReport) {
    mStart = TimeStamp::Now();
  }
}

IOInterposeObserver::Observation::Observation(Operation aOperation,
                                              const TimeStamp& aStart,
                                              const TimeStamp& aEnd,
                                              const char* aReference)
  : mOperation(aOperation)
  , mStart(aStart)
  , mEnd(aEnd)
  , mReference(aReference)
  , mShouldReport(false)
{
}

const char*
IOInterposeObserver::Observation::ObservedOperationString() const
{
  switch (mOperation) {
    case OpCreateOrOpen:
      return "create/open";
    case OpRead:
      return "read";
    case OpWrite:
      return "write";
    case OpFSync:
      return "fsync";
    case OpStat:
      return "stat";
    case OpClose:
      return "close";
    case OpNextStage:
      return "NextStage";
    default:
      return "unknown";
  }
}

void
IOInterposeObserver::Observation::Report()
{
  if (mShouldReport) {
    mEnd = TimeStamp::Now();
    IOInterposer::Report(*this);
  }
}

bool
IOInterposer::Init()
{
  // Don't initialize twice...
  if (sMasterList) {
    return true;
  }
  if (!sThreadLocalData.init()) {
    return false;
  }
  sThreadLocalDataInitialized = true;
  bool isMainThread = true;
  RegisterCurrentThread(isMainThread);
  sMasterList = new MasterList();

  MainThreadIOLogger::Init();

  // Now we initialize the various interposers depending on platform
  InitPoisonIOInterposer();
  // We don't hook NSPR on Windows because PoisonIOInterposer captures a
  // superset of the former's events.
#if !defined(XP_WIN)
  InitNSPRIOInterposing();
#endif
  return true;
}

bool
IOInterposeObserver::IsMainThread()
{
  if (!sThreadLocalDataInitialized) {
    return false;
  }
  PerThreadData* ptd = sThreadLocalData.get();
  if (!ptd) {
    return false;
  }
  return ptd->IsMainThread();
}

void
IOInterposer::Clear()
{
  /* Clear() is a no-op on release builds so that we may continue to trap I/O
     until process termination. In leak-checking builds, we need to shut down
     IOInterposer so that all references are properly released. */
#ifdef NS_FREE_PERMANENT_DATA
  UnregisterCurrentThread();
  sMasterList = nullptr;
#endif
}

void
IOInterposer::Disable()
{
  if (!sMasterList) {
    return;
  }
  sMasterList->Disable();
}

void
IOInterposer::Enable()
{
  if (!sMasterList) {
    return;
  }
  sMasterList->Enable();
}

void
IOInterposer::Report(IOInterposeObserver::Observation& aObservation)
{
  PerThreadData* ptd = sThreadLocalData.get();
  if (!ptd) {
    // In this case the current thread is not registered with IOInterposer.
    // Alternatively we could take the slow path and just lock everything if
    // we're not registered. That could potentially perform poorly, though.
    return;
  }

  if (!sMasterList) {
    // If there is no longer a master list then we should clear the local one.
    ptd->ClearObserverLists();
    return;
  }

  sMasterList->Update(*ptd);

  // Don't try to report if there's nobody listening.
  if (!IOInterposer::IsObservedOperation(aObservation.ObservedOperation())) {
    return;
  }

  ptd->CallObservers(aObservation);
}

bool
IOInterposer::IsObservedOperation(IOInterposeObserver::Operation aOp)
{
  return sMasterList && sMasterList->IsObservedOperation(aOp);
}

void
IOInterposer::Register(IOInterposeObserver::Operation aOp,
                       IOInterposeObserver* aObserver)
{
  MOZ_ASSERT(aObserver);
  if (!sMasterList || !aObserver) {
    return;
  }

  sMasterList->Register(aOp, aObserver);
}

void
IOInterposer::Unregister(IOInterposeObserver::Operation aOp,
                         IOInterposeObserver* aObserver)
{
  if (!sMasterList) {
    return;
  }

  sMasterList->Unregister(aOp, aObserver);
}

void
IOInterposer::RegisterCurrentThread(bool aIsMainThread)
{
  if (!sThreadLocalDataInitialized) {
    return;
  }
  MOZ_ASSERT(!sThreadLocalData.get());
  PerThreadData* curThreadData = new PerThreadData(aIsMainThread);
  sThreadLocalData.set(curThreadData);
}

void
IOInterposer::UnregisterCurrentThread()
{
  if (!sThreadLocalDataInitialized) {
    return;
  }
  PerThreadData* curThreadData = sThreadLocalData.get();
  MOZ_ASSERT(curThreadData);
  sThreadLocalData.set(nullptr);
  delete curThreadData;
}

void
IOInterposer::EnteringNextStage()
{
  if (!sMasterList) {
    return;
  }
  NextStageObservation observation;
  Report(observation);
}