Bug 580408 - Import jemalloc 3.0.0. r=khuey,r=gerv
authorMike Hommey <mh+mozilla@glandium.org>
Thu, 07 Jun 2012 10:41:58 +0200
changeset 96035 c27de97f078dc7c2276af6484b718b54730180d8
parent 96034 87bd340fac6aa9f70c42bb4a8fbe0b7325277b0d
child 96036 627b93e8a41cbe3ed3b87ad25ea9f7cfbeea1c20
push id10361
push usermh@glandium.org
push dateThu, 07 Jun 2012 08:43:02 +0000
treeherdermozilla-inbound@5a1dc5b1ecbb [default view] [failures only]
perfherder[talos] [build metrics] [platform microbench] (compared to previous push)
reviewerskhuey, gerv
bugs580408
milestone16.0a1
first release with
nightly linux32
nightly linux64
nightly mac
nightly win32
nightly win64
last release without
nightly linux32
nightly linux64
nightly mac
nightly win32
nightly win64
Bug 580408 - Import jemalloc 3.0.0. r=khuey,r=gerv
memory/jemalloc/README.mozilla
memory/jemalloc/src/COPYING
memory/jemalloc/src/ChangeLog
memory/jemalloc/src/INSTALL
memory/jemalloc/src/Makefile.in
memory/jemalloc/src/README
memory/jemalloc/src/VERSION
memory/jemalloc/src/autogen.sh
memory/jemalloc/src/bin/jemalloc.sh.in
memory/jemalloc/src/bin/pprof
memory/jemalloc/src/config.guess
memory/jemalloc/src/config.stamp.in
memory/jemalloc/src/config.sub
memory/jemalloc/src/configure
memory/jemalloc/src/configure.ac
memory/jemalloc/src/doc/html.xsl.in
memory/jemalloc/src/doc/jemalloc.xml.in
memory/jemalloc/src/doc/manpages.xsl.in
memory/jemalloc/src/doc/stylesheet.xsl
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/arena.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/atomic.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/base.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/bitmap.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/chunk.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/chunk_dss.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/chunk_mmap.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/ckh.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/ctl.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/extent.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/hash.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/huge.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/jemalloc_internal.h.in
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/mb.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/mutex.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/private_namespace.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/prng.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/prof.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/ql.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/qr.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/quarantine.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/rb.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/rtree.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/size_classes.sh
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/stats.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/tcache.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/tsd.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/internal/util.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/jemalloc.h.in
memory/jemalloc/src/include/jemalloc/jemalloc_defs.h.in
memory/jemalloc/src/include/msvc_compat/inttypes.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/msvc_compat/stdbool.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/msvc_compat/stdint.h
memory/jemalloc/src/include/msvc_compat/strings.h
memory/jemalloc/src/install-sh
memory/jemalloc/src/src/arena.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/atomic.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/base.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/bitmap.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/chunk.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/chunk_dss.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/chunk_mmap.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/ckh.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/ctl.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/extent.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/hash.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/huge.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/jemalloc.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/mb.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/mutex.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/prof.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/quarantine.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/rtree.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/stats.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/tcache.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/tsd.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/util.c
memory/jemalloc/src/src/zone.c
memory/jemalloc/src/test/aligned_alloc.c
memory/jemalloc/src/test/aligned_alloc.exp
memory/jemalloc/src/test/allocated.c
memory/jemalloc/src/test/allocated.exp
memory/jemalloc/src/test/allocm.c
memory/jemalloc/src/test/allocm.exp
memory/jemalloc/src/test/bitmap.c
memory/jemalloc/src/test/bitmap.exp
memory/jemalloc/src/test/jemalloc_test.h.in
memory/jemalloc/src/test/mremap.c
memory/jemalloc/src/test/mremap.exp
memory/jemalloc/src/test/posix_memalign.c
memory/jemalloc/src/test/posix_memalign.exp
memory/jemalloc/src/test/rallocm.c
memory/jemalloc/src/test/rallocm.exp
memory/jemalloc/src/test/thread_arena.c
memory/jemalloc/src/test/thread_arena.exp
memory/jemalloc/src/test/thread_tcache_enabled.c
memory/jemalloc/src/test/thread_tcache_enabled.exp
memory/jemalloc/update.sh
memory/jemalloc/upstream.info
toolkit/content/license.html
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/memory/jemalloc/README.mozilla
@@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
+This is a copy of the jemalloc source code. It is intended to be left pristine.
+Modifications to this code without coordinating with upstream are unacceptable,
+and will be reverted. Integration modifications should be made in memory/build
+whenever possible.
+
+The canonical repository for this source code is git://canonware.com/jemalloc.git.
+The information about the upstream repository and revision lives in upstream.info.
+In order to update the code, you can run the update.sh script located in
+the same directory.
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/memory/jemalloc/src/COPYING
@@ -0,0 +1,27 @@
+Unless otherwise specified, files in the jemalloc source distribution are
+subject to the following license:
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+Copyright (C) 2002-2012 Jason Evans <jasone@canonware.com>.
+All rights reserved.
+Copyright (C) 2007-2012 Mozilla Foundation.  All rights reserved.
+Copyright (C) 2009-2012 Facebook, Inc.  All rights reserved.
+
+Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
+1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice(s),
+   this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice(s),
+   this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
+   and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
+
+THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER(S) ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS
+OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
+MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO
+EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER(S) BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
+INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
+PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF
+LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE
+OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF
+ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/memory/jemalloc/src/ChangeLog
@@ -0,0 +1,339 @@
+Following are change highlights associated with official releases.  Important
+bug fixes are all mentioned, but internal enhancements are omitted here for
+brevity (even though they are more fun to write about).  Much more detail can be
+found in the git revision history:
+
+    http://www.canonware.com/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi?p=jemalloc.git
+    git://canonware.com/jemalloc.git
+
+* 3.0.0 (May 11, 2012)
+
+  Although this version adds some major new features, the primary focus is on
+  internal code cleanup that facilitates maintainability and portability, most
+  of which is not reflected in the ChangeLog.  This is the first release to
+  incorporate substantial contributions from numerous other developers, and the
+  result is a more broadly useful allocator (see the git revision history for
+  contribution details).  Note that the license has been unified, thanks to
+  Facebook granting a license under the same terms as the other copyright
+  holders (see COPYING).
+
+  New features:
+  - Implement Valgrind support, redzones, and quarantine.
+  - Add support for additional platforms:
+    + FreeBSD
+    + Mac OS X Lion
+    + MinGW
+    + Windows (no support yet for replacing the system malloc)
+  - Add support for additional architectures:
+    + MIPS
+    + SH4
+    + Tilera
+  - Add support for cross compiling.
+  - Add nallocm(), which rounds a request size up to the nearest size class
+    without actually allocating.
+  - Implement aligned_alloc() (blame C11).
+  - Add the "thread.tcache.enabled" mallctl.
+  - Add the "opt.prof_final" mallctl.
+  - Update pprof (from gperftools 2.0).
+  - Add the --with-mangling option.
+  - Add the --disable-experimental option.
+  - Add the --disable-munmap option, and make it the default on Linux.
+  - Add the --enable-mremap option, which disables use of mremap(2) by default.
+
+  Incompatible changes:
+  - Enable stats by default.
+  - Enable fill by default.
+  - Disable lazy locking by default.
+  - Rename the "tcache.flush" mallctl to "thread.tcache.flush".
+  - Rename the "arenas.pagesize" mallctl to "arenas.page".
+  - Change the "opt.lg_prof_sample" default from 0 to 19 (1 B to 512 KiB).
+  - Change the "opt.prof_accum" default from true to false.
+
+  Removed features:
+  - Remove the swap feature, including the "config.swap", "swap.avail",
+    "swap.prezeroed", "swap.nfds", and "swap.fds" mallctls.
+  - Remove highruns statistics, including the
+    "stats.arenas.<i>.bins.<j>.highruns" and
+    "stats.arenas.<i>.lruns.<j>.highruns" mallctls.
+  - As part of small size class refactoring, remove the "opt.lg_[qc]space_max",
+    "arenas.cacheline", "arenas.subpage", "arenas.[tqcs]space_{min,max}", and
+    "arenas.[tqcs]bins" mallctls.
+  - Remove the "arenas.chunksize" mallctl.
+  - Remove the "opt.lg_prof_tcmax" option.
+  - Remove the "opt.lg_prof_bt_max" option.
+  - Remove the "opt.lg_tcache_gc_sweep" option.
+  - Remove the --disable-tiny option, including the "config.tiny" mallctl.
+  - Remove the --enable-dynamic-page-shift configure option.
+  - Remove the --enable-sysv configure option.
+
+  Bug fixes:
+  - Fix a statistics-related bug in the "thread.arena" mallctl that could cause
+    invalid statistics and crashes.
+  - Work around TLS deallocation via free() on Linux.  This bug could cause
+    write-after-free memory corruption.
+  - Fix a potential deadlock that could occur during interval- and
+    growth-triggered heap profile dumps.
+  - Fix large calloc() zeroing bugs due to dropping chunk map unzeroed flags.
+  - Fix chunk_alloc_dss() to stop claiming memory is zeroed.  This bug could
+    cause memory corruption and crashes with --enable-dss specified.
+  - Fix fork-related bugs that could cause deadlock in children between fork
+    and exec.
+  - Fix malloc_stats_print() to honor 'b' and 'l' in the opts parameter.
+  - Fix realloc(p, 0) to act like free(p).
+  - Do not enforce minimum alignment in memalign().
+  - Check for NULL pointer in malloc_usable_size().
+  - Fix an off-by-one heap profile statistics bug that could be observed in
+    interval- and growth-triggered heap profiles.
+  - Fix the "epoch" mallctl to update cached stats even if the passed in epoch
+    is 0.
+  - Fix bin->runcur management to fix a layout policy bug.  This bug did not
+    affect correctness.
+  - Fix a bug in choose_arena_hard() that potentially caused more arenas to be
+    initialized than necessary.
+  - Add missing "opt.lg_tcache_max" mallctl implementation.
+  - Use glibc allocator hooks to make mixed allocator usage less likely.
+  - Fix build issues for --disable-tcache.
+  - Don't mangle pthread_create() when --with-private-namespace is specified.
+
+* 2.2.5 (November 14, 2011)
+
+  Bug fixes:
+  - Fix huge_ralloc() race when using mremap(2).  This is a serious bug that
+    could cause memory corruption and/or crashes.
+  - Fix huge_ralloc() to maintain chunk statistics.
+  - Fix malloc_stats_print(..., "a") output.
+
+* 2.2.4 (November 5, 2011)
+
+  Bug fixes:
+  - Initialize arenas_tsd before using it.  This bug existed for 2.2.[0-3], as
+    well as for --disable-tls builds in earlier releases.
+  - Do not assume a 4 KiB page size in test/rallocm.c.
+
+* 2.2.3 (August 31, 2011)
+
+  This version fixes numerous bugs related to heap profiling.
+
+  Bug fixes:
+  - Fix a prof-related race condition.  This bug could cause memory corruption,
+    but only occurred in non-default configurations (prof_accum:false).
+  - Fix off-by-one backtracing issues (make sure that prof_alloc_prep() is
+    excluded from backtraces).
+  - Fix a prof-related bug in realloc() (only triggered by OOM errors).
+  - Fix prof-related bugs in allocm() and rallocm().
+  - Fix prof_tdata_cleanup() for --disable-tls builds.
+  - Fix a relative include path, to fix objdir builds.
+
+* 2.2.2 (July 30, 2011)
+
+  Bug fixes:
+  - Fix a build error for --disable-tcache.
+  - Fix assertions in arena_purge() (for real this time).
+  - Add the --with-private-namespace option.  This is a workaround for symbol
+    conflicts that can inadvertently arise when using static libraries.
+
+* 2.2.1 (March 30, 2011)
+
+  Bug fixes:
+  - Implement atomic operations for x86/x64.  This fixes compilation failures
+    for versions of gcc that are still in wide use.
+  - Fix an assertion in arena_purge().
+
+* 2.2.0 (March 22, 2011)
+
+  This version incorporates several improvements to algorithms and data
+  structures that tend to reduce fragmentation and increase speed.
+
+  New features:
+  - Add the "stats.cactive" mallctl.
+  - Update pprof (from google-perftools 1.7).
+  - Improve backtracing-related configuration logic, and add the
+    --disable-prof-libgcc option.
+
+  Bug fixes:
+  - Change default symbol visibility from "internal", to "hidden", which
+    decreases the overhead of library-internal function calls.
+  - Fix symbol visibility so that it is also set on OS X.
+  - Fix a build dependency regression caused by the introduction of the .pic.o
+    suffix for PIC object files.
+  - Add missing checks for mutex initialization failures.
+  - Don't use libgcc-based backtracing except on x64, where it is known to work.
+  - Fix deadlocks on OS X that were due to memory allocation in
+    pthread_mutex_lock().
+  - Heap profiling-specific fixes:
+    + Fix memory corruption due to integer overflow in small region index
+      computation, when using a small enough sample interval that profiling
+      context pointers are stored in small run headers.
+    + Fix a bootstrap ordering bug that only occurred with TLS disabled.
+    + Fix a rallocm() rsize bug.
+    + Fix error detection bugs for aligned memory allocation.
+
+* 2.1.3 (March 14, 2011)
+
+  Bug fixes:
+  - Fix a cpp logic regression (due to the "thread.{de,}allocatedp" mallctl fix
+    for OS X in 2.1.2).
+  - Fix a "thread.arena" mallctl bug.
+  - Fix a thread cache stats merging bug.
+
+* 2.1.2 (March 2, 2011)
+
+  Bug fixes:
+  - Fix "thread.{de,}allocatedp" mallctl for OS X.
+  - Add missing jemalloc.a to build system.
+
+* 2.1.1 (January 31, 2011)
+
+  Bug fixes:
+  - Fix aligned huge reallocation (affected allocm()).
+  - Fix the ALLOCM_LG_ALIGN macro definition.
+  - Fix a heap dumping deadlock.
+  - Fix a "thread.arena" mallctl bug.
+
+* 2.1.0 (December 3, 2010)
+
+  This version incorporates some optimizations that can't quite be considered
+  bug fixes.
+
+  New features:
+  - Use Linux's mremap(2) for huge object reallocation when possible.
+  - Avoid locking in mallctl*() when possible.
+  - Add the "thread.[de]allocatedp" mallctl's.
+  - Convert the manual page source from roff to DocBook, and generate both roff
+    and HTML manuals.
+
+  Bug fixes:
+  - Fix a crash due to incorrect bootstrap ordering.  This only impacted
+    --enable-debug --enable-dss configurations.
+  - Fix a minor statistics bug for mallctl("swap.avail", ...).
+
+* 2.0.1 (October 29, 2010)
+
+  Bug fixes:
+  - Fix a race condition in heap profiling that could cause undefined behavior
+    if "opt.prof_accum" were disabled.
+  - Add missing mutex unlocks for some OOM error paths in the heap profiling
+    code.
+  - Fix a compilation error for non-C99 builds.
+
+* 2.0.0 (October 24, 2010)
+
+  This version focuses on the experimental *allocm() API, and on improved
+  run-time configuration/introspection.  Nonetheless, numerous performance
+  improvements are also included.
+
+  New features:
+  - Implement the experimental {,r,s,d}allocm() API, which provides a superset
+    of the functionality available via malloc(), calloc(), posix_memalign(),
+    realloc(), malloc_usable_size(), and free().  These functions can be used to
+    allocate/reallocate aligned zeroed memory, ask for optional extra memory
+    during reallocation, prevent object movement during reallocation, etc.
+  - Replace JEMALLOC_OPTIONS/JEMALLOC_PROF_PREFIX with MALLOC_CONF, which is
+    more human-readable, and more flexible.  For example:
+      JEMALLOC_OPTIONS=AJP
+    is now:
+      MALLOC_CONF=abort:true,fill:true,stats_print:true
+  - Port to Apple OS X.  Sponsored by Mozilla.
+  - Make it possible for the application to control thread-->arena mappings via
+    the "thread.arena" mallctl.
+  - Add compile-time support for all TLS-related functionality via pthreads TSD.
+    This is mainly of interest for OS X, which does not support TLS, but has a
+    TSD implementation with similar performance.
+  - Override memalign() and valloc() if they are provided by the system.
+  - Add the "arenas.purge" mallctl, which can be used to synchronously purge all
+    dirty unused pages.
+  - Make cumulative heap profiling data optional, so that it is possible to
+    limit the amount of memory consumed by heap profiling data structures.
+  - Add per thread allocation counters that can be accessed via the
+    "thread.allocated" and "thread.deallocated" mallctls.
+
+  Incompatible changes:
+  - Remove JEMALLOC_OPTIONS and malloc_options (see MALLOC_CONF above).
+  - Increase default backtrace depth from 4 to 128 for heap profiling.
+  - Disable interval-based profile dumps by default.
+
+  Bug fixes:
+  - Remove bad assertions in fork handler functions.  These assertions could
+    cause aborts for some combinations of configure settings.
+  - Fix strerror_r() usage to deal with non-standard semantics in GNU libc.
+  - Fix leak context reporting.  This bug tended to cause the number of contexts
+    to be underreported (though the reported number of objects and bytes were
+    correct).
+  - Fix a realloc() bug for large in-place growing reallocation.  This bug could
+    cause memory corruption, but it was hard to trigger.
+  - Fix an allocation bug for small allocations that could be triggered if
+    multiple threads raced to create a new run of backing pages.
+  - Enhance the heap profiler to trigger samples based on usable size, rather
+    than request size.
+  - Fix a heap profiling bug due to sometimes losing track of requested object
+    size for sampled objects.
+
+* 1.0.3 (August 12, 2010)
+
+  Bug fixes:
+  - Fix the libunwind-based implementation of stack backtracing (used for heap
+    profiling).  This bug could cause zero-length backtraces to be reported.
+  - Add a missing mutex unlock in library initialization code.  If multiple
+    threads raced to initialize malloc, some of them could end up permanently
+    blocked.
+
+* 1.0.2 (May 11, 2010)
+
+  Bug fixes:
+  - Fix junk filling of large objects, which could cause memory corruption.
+  - Add MAP_NORESERVE support for chunk mapping, because otherwise virtual
+    memory limits could cause swap file configuration to fail.  Contributed by
+    Jordan DeLong.
+
+* 1.0.1 (April 14, 2010)
+
+  Bug fixes:
+  - Fix compilation when --enable-fill is specified.
+  - Fix threads-related profiling bugs that affected accuracy and caused memory
+    to be leaked during thread exit.
+  - Fix dirty page purging race conditions that could cause crashes.
+  - Fix crash in tcache flushing code during thread destruction.
+
+* 1.0.0 (April 11, 2010)
+
+  This release focuses on speed and run-time introspection.  Numerous
+  algorithmic improvements make this release substantially faster than its
+  predecessors.
+
+  New features:
+  - Implement autoconf-based configuration system.
+  - Add mallctl*(), for the purposes of introspection and run-time
+    configuration.
+  - Make it possible for the application to manually flush a thread's cache, via
+    the "tcache.flush" mallctl.
+  - Base maximum dirty page count on proportion of active memory.
+  - Compute various addtional run-time statistics, including per size class
+    statistics for large objects.
+  - Expose malloc_stats_print(), which can be called repeatedly by the
+    application.
+  - Simplify the malloc_message() signature to only take one string argument,
+    and incorporate an opaque data pointer argument for use by the application
+    in combination with malloc_stats_print().
+  - Add support for allocation backed by one or more swap files, and allow the
+    application to disable over-commit if swap files are in use.
+  - Implement allocation profiling and leak checking.
+
+  Removed features:
+  - Remove the dynamic arena rebalancing code, since thread-specific caching
+    reduces its utility.
+
+  Bug fixes:
+  - Modify chunk allocation to work when address space layout randomization
+    (ASLR) is in use.
+  - Fix thread cleanup bugs related to TLS destruction.
+  - Handle 0-size allocation requests in posix_memalign().
+  - Fix a chunk leak.  The leaked chunks were never touched, so this impacted
+    virtual memory usage, but not physical memory usage.
+
+* linux_2008082[78]a (August 27/28, 2008)
+
+  These snapshot releases are the simple result of incorporating Linux-specific
+  support into the FreeBSD malloc sources.
+
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+vim:filetype=text:textwidth=80
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/memory/jemalloc/src/INSTALL
@@ -0,0 +1,278 @@
+Building and installing jemalloc can be as simple as typing the following while
+in the root directory of the source tree:
+
+    ./configure
+    make
+    make install
+
+=== Advanced configuration =====================================================
+
+The 'configure' script supports numerous options that allow control of which
+functionality is enabled, where jemalloc is installed, etc.  Optionally, pass
+any of the following arguments (not a definitive list) to 'configure':
+
+--help
+    Print a definitive list of options.
+
+--prefix=<install-root-dir>
+    Set the base directory in which to install.  For example:
+
+        ./configure --prefix=/usr/local
+
+    will cause files to be installed into /usr/local/include, /usr/local/lib,
+    and /usr/local/man.
+
+--with-rpath=<colon-separated-rpath>
+    Embed one or more library paths, so that libjemalloc can find the libraries
+    it is linked to.  This works only on ELF-based systems.
+
+--with-mangling=<map>
+    Mangle public symbols specified in <map> which is a comma-separated list of
+    name:mangled pairs.
+
+    For example, to use ld's --wrap option as an alternative method for
+    overriding libc's malloc implementation, specify something like:
+
+      --with-mangling=malloc:__wrap_malloc,free:__wrap_free[...]
+
+    Note that mangling happens prior to application of the prefix specified by
+    --with-jemalloc-prefix, and mangled symbols are then ignored when applying
+    the prefix.
+
+--with-jemalloc-prefix=<prefix>
+    Prefix all public APIs with <prefix>.  For example, if <prefix> is
+    "prefix_", API changes like the following occur:
+
+      malloc()         --> prefix_malloc()
+      malloc_conf      --> prefix_malloc_conf
+      /etc/malloc.conf --> /etc/prefix_malloc.conf
+      MALLOC_CONF      --> PREFIX_MALLOC_CONF
+
+    This makes it possible to use jemalloc at the same time as the system
+    allocator, or even to use multiple copies of jemalloc simultaneously.
+
+    By default, the prefix is "", except on OS X, where it is "je_".  On OS X,
+    jemalloc overlays the default malloc zone, but makes no attempt to actually
+    replace the "malloc", "calloc", etc. symbols.
+
+--with-private-namespace=<prefix>
+    Prefix all library-private APIs with <prefix>.  For shared libraries,
+    symbol visibility mechanisms prevent these symbols from being exported, but
+    for static libraries, naming collisions are a real possibility.  By
+    default, the prefix is "" (empty string).
+
+--with-install-suffix=<suffix>
+    Append <suffix> to the base name of all installed files, such that multiple
+    versions of jemalloc can coexist in the same installation directory.  For
+    example, libjemalloc.so.0 becomes libjemalloc<suffix>.so.0.
+
+--enable-cc-silence
+    Enable code that silences non-useful compiler warnings.  This is helpful
+    when trying to tell serious warnings from those due to compiler
+    limitations, but it potentially incurs a performance penalty.
+
+--enable-debug
+    Enable assertions and validation code.  This incurs a substantial
+    performance hit, but is very useful during application development.
+
+--disable-stats
+    Disable statistics gathering functionality.  See the "opt.stats_print"
+    option documentation for usage details.
+
+--enable-prof
+    Enable heap profiling and leak detection functionality.  See the "opt.prof"
+    option documentation for usage details.  When enabled, there are several
+    approaches to backtracing, and the configure script chooses the first one
+    in the following list that appears to function correctly:
+
+    + libunwind      (requires --enable-prof-libunwind)
+    + libgcc         (unless --disable-prof-libgcc)
+    + gcc intrinsics (unless --disable-prof-gcc)
+
+--enable-prof-libunwind
+    Use the libunwind library (http://www.nongnu.org/libunwind/) for stack
+    backtracing.
+
+--disable-prof-libgcc
+    Disable the use of libgcc's backtracing functionality.
+
+--disable-prof-gcc
+    Disable the use of gcc intrinsics for backtracing.
+
+--with-static-libunwind=<libunwind.a>
+    Statically link against the specified libunwind.a rather than dynamically
+    linking with -lunwind.
+
+--disable-tcache
+    Disable thread-specific caches for small objects.  Objects are cached and
+    released in bulk, thus reducing the total number of mutex operations.  See
+    the "opt.tcache" option for usage details.
+
+--enable-mremap
+    Enable huge realloc() via mremap(2).  mremap() is disabled by default
+    because the flavor used is specific to Linux, which has a quirk in its
+    virtual memory allocation algorithm that causes semi-permanent VM map holes
+    under normal jemalloc operation.
+
+--disable-munmap
+    Disable virtual memory deallocation via munmap(2); instead keep track of
+    the virtual memory for later use.  munmap() is disabled by default (i.e.
+    --disable-munmap is implied) on Linux, which has a quirk in its virtual
+    memory allocation algorithm that causes semi-permanent VM map holes under
+    normal jemalloc operation.
+
+--enable-dss
+    Enable support for page allocation/deallocation via sbrk(2), in addition to
+    mmap(2).
+
+--disable-fill
+    Disable support for junk/zero filling of memory, quarantine, and redzones.
+    See the "opt.junk", "opt.zero", "opt.quarantine", and "opt.redzone" option
+    documentation for usage details.
+
+--disable-valgrind
+    Disable support for Valgrind.
+
+--disable-experimental
+    Disable support for the experimental API (*allocm()).
+
+--enable-utrace
+    Enable utrace(2)-based allocation tracing.  This feature is not broadly
+    portable (FreeBSD has it, but Linux and OS X do not).
+
+--enable-xmalloc
+    Enable support for optional immediate termination due to out-of-memory
+    errors, as is commonly implemented by "xmalloc" wrapper function for malloc.
+    See the "opt.xmalloc" option documentation for usage details.
+
+--enable-lazy-lock
+    Enable code that wraps pthread_create() to detect when an application
+    switches from single-threaded to multi-threaded mode, so that it can avoid
+    mutex locking/unlocking operations while in single-threaded mode.  In
+    practice, this feature usually has little impact on performance unless
+    thread-specific caching is disabled.
+
+--disable-tls
+    Disable thread-local storage (TLS), which allows for fast access to
+    thread-local variables via the __thread keyword.  If TLS is available,
+    jemalloc uses it for several purposes.
+
+--with-xslroot=<path>
+    Specify where to find DocBook XSL stylesheets when building the
+    documentation.
+
+The following environment variables (not a definitive list) impact configure's
+behavior:
+
+CFLAGS="?"
+    Pass these flags to the compiler.  You probably shouldn't define this unless
+    you know what you are doing.  (Use EXTRA_CFLAGS instead.)
+
+EXTRA_CFLAGS="?"
+    Append these flags to CFLAGS.  This makes it possible to add flags such as
+    -Werror, while allowing the configure script to determine what other flags
+    are appropriate for the specified configuration.
+
+    The configure script specifically checks whether an optimization flag (-O*)
+    is specified in EXTRA_CFLAGS, and refrains from specifying an optimization
+    level if it finds that one has already been specified.
+
+CPPFLAGS="?"
+    Pass these flags to the C preprocessor.  Note that CFLAGS is not passed to
+    'cpp' when 'configure' is looking for include files, so you must use
+    CPPFLAGS instead if you need to help 'configure' find header files.
+
+LD_LIBRARY_PATH="?"
+    'ld' uses this colon-separated list to find libraries.
+
+LDFLAGS="?"
+    Pass these flags when linking.
+
+PATH="?"
+    'configure' uses this to find programs.
+
+=== Advanced compilation =======================================================
+
+To build only parts of jemalloc, use the following targets:
+
+    build_lib_shared
+    build_lib_static
+    build_lib
+    build_doc_html
+    build_doc_man
+    build_doc
+
+To install only parts of jemalloc, use the following targets:
+
+    install_bin
+    install_include
+    install_lib_shared
+    install_lib_static
+    install_lib
+    install_doc_html
+    install_doc_man
+    install_doc
+
+To clean up build results to varying degrees, use the following make targets:
+
+    clean
+    distclean
+    relclean
+
+=== Advanced installation ======================================================
+
+Optionally, define make variables when invoking make, including (not
+exclusively):
+
+INCLUDEDIR="?"
+    Use this as the installation prefix for header files.
+
+LIBDIR="?"
+    Use this as the installation prefix for libraries.
+
+MANDIR="?"
+    Use this as the installation prefix for man pages.
+
+DESTDIR="?"
+    Prepend DESTDIR to INCLUDEDIR, LIBDIR, DATADIR, and MANDIR.  This is useful
+    when installing to a different path than was specified via --prefix.
+
+CC="?"
+    Use this to invoke the C compiler.
+
+CFLAGS="?"
+    Pass these flags to the compiler.
+
+CPPFLAGS="?"
+    Pass these flags to the C preprocessor.
+
+LDFLAGS="?"
+    Pass these flags when linking.
+
+PATH="?"
+    Use this to search for programs used during configuration and building.
+
+=== Development ================================================================
+
+If you intend to make non-trivial changes to jemalloc, use the 'autogen.sh'
+script rather than 'configure'.  This re-generates 'configure', enables
+configuration dependency rules, and enables re-generation of automatically
+generated source files.
+
+The build system supports using an object directory separate from the source
+tree.  For example, you can create an 'obj' directory, and from within that
+directory, issue configuration and build commands:
+
+    autoconf
+    mkdir obj
+    cd obj
+    ../configure --enable-autogen
+    make
+
+=== Documentation ==============================================================
+
+The manual page is generated in both html and roff formats.  Any web browser
+can be used to view the html manual.  The roff manual page can be formatted
+prior to installation via the following command:
+
+    nroff -man -t doc/jemalloc.3
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/memory/jemalloc/src/Makefile.in
@@ -0,0 +1,323 @@
+# Clear out all vpaths, then set just one (default vpath) for the main build
+# directory.
+vpath
+vpath % .
+
+# Clear the default suffixes, so that built-in rules are not used.
+.SUFFIXES :
+
+SHELL := /bin/sh
+
+CC := @CC@
+
+# Configuration parameters.
+DESTDIR =
+BINDIR := $(DESTDIR)@BINDIR@
+INCLUDEDIR := $(DESTDIR)@INCLUDEDIR@
+LIBDIR := $(DESTDIR)@LIBDIR@
+DATADIR := $(DESTDIR)@DATADIR@
+MANDIR := $(DESTDIR)@MANDIR@
+srcroot := @srcroot@
+objroot := @objroot@
+abs_srcroot := @abs_srcroot@
+abs_objroot := @abs_objroot@
+
+# Build parameters.
+CPPFLAGS := @CPPFLAGS@ -I$(srcroot)include -I$(objroot)include
+CFLAGS := @CFLAGS@
+LDFLAGS := @LDFLAGS@
+EXTRA_LDFLAGS := @EXTRA_LDFLAGS@
+LIBS := @LIBS@
+RPATH_EXTRA := @RPATH_EXTRA@
+SO := @so@
+IMPORTLIB := @importlib@
+O := @o@
+A := @a@
+EXE := @exe@
+LIBPREFIX := @libprefix@
+REV := @rev@
+install_suffix := @install_suffix@
+ABI := @abi@
+XSLTPROC := @XSLTPROC@
+AUTOCONF := @AUTOCONF@
+_RPATH = @RPATH@
+RPATH = $(if $(1),$(call _RPATH,$(1)))
+cfghdrs_in := @cfghdrs_in@
+cfghdrs_out := @cfghdrs_out@
+cfgoutputs_in := @cfgoutputs_in@
+cfgoutputs_out := @cfgoutputs_out@
+enable_autogen := @enable_autogen@
+enable_experimental := @enable_experimental@
+DSO_LDFLAGS = @DSO_LDFLAGS@
+SOREV = @SOREV@
+PIC_CFLAGS = @PIC_CFLAGS@
+CTARGET = @CTARGET@
+LDTARGET = @LDTARGET@
+MKLIB = @MKLIB@
+CC_MM = @CC_MM@
+
+ifeq (macho, $(ABI))
+TEST_LIBRARY_PATH := DYLD_FALLBACK_LIBRARY_PATH="$(objroot)lib"
+else
+ifeq (pecoff, $(ABI))
+TEST_LIBRARY_PATH := PATH="$(PATH):$(objroot)lib"
+else
+TEST_LIBRARY_PATH :=
+endif
+endif
+
+LIBJEMALLOC := $(LIBPREFIX)jemalloc$(install_suffix)
+
+# Lists of files.
+BINS := $(srcroot)bin/pprof $(objroot)bin/jemalloc.sh
+CHDRS := $(objroot)include/jemalloc/jemalloc$(install_suffix).h \
+	$(objroot)include/jemalloc/jemalloc_defs$(install_suffix).h
+CSRCS := $(srcroot)src/jemalloc.c $(srcroot)src/arena.c $(srcroot)src/atomic.c \
+	$(srcroot)src/base.c $(srcroot)src/bitmap.c $(srcroot)src/chunk.c \
+	$(srcroot)src/chunk_dss.c $(srcroot)src/chunk_mmap.c \
+	$(srcroot)src/ckh.c $(srcroot)src/ctl.c $(srcroot)src/extent.c \
+	$(srcroot)src/hash.c $(srcroot)src/huge.c $(srcroot)src/mb.c \
+	$(srcroot)src/mutex.c $(srcroot)src/prof.c $(srcroot)src/quarantine.c \
+	$(srcroot)src/rtree.c $(srcroot)src/stats.c $(srcroot)src/tcache.c \
+	$(srcroot)src/util.c $(srcroot)src/tsd.c
+ifeq (macho, $(ABI))
+CSRCS += $(srcroot)src/zone.c
+endif
+ifeq ($(IMPORTLIB),$(SO))
+STATIC_LIBS := $(objroot)lib/$(LIBJEMALLOC).$(A)
+endif
+ifdef PIC_CFLAGS
+STATIC_LIBS += $(objroot)lib/$(LIBJEMALLOC)_pic.$(A)
+else
+STATIC_LIBS += $(objroot)lib/$(LIBJEMALLOC)_s.$(A)
+endif
+DSOS := $(objroot)lib/$(LIBJEMALLOC).$(SOREV)
+ifneq ($(SOREV),$(SO))
+DSOS += $(objroot)lib/$(LIBJEMALLOC).$(SO)
+endif
+MAN3 := $(objroot)doc/jemalloc$(install_suffix).3
+DOCS_XML := $(objroot)doc/jemalloc$(install_suffix).xml
+DOCS_HTML := $(DOCS_XML:$(objroot)%.xml=$(srcroot)%.html)
+DOCS_MAN3 := $(DOCS_XML:$(objroot)%.xml=$(srcroot)%.3)
+DOCS := $(DOCS_HTML) $(DOCS_MAN3)
+CTESTS := $(srcroot)test/aligned_alloc.c $(srcroot)test/allocated.c \
+	$(srcroot)test/bitmap.c $(srcroot)test/mremap.c \
+	$(srcroot)test/posix_memalign.c $(srcroot)test/thread_arena.c \
+	$(srcroot)test/thread_tcache_enabled.c
+ifeq ($(enable_experimental), 1)
+CTESTS += $(srcroot)test/allocm.c $(srcroot)test/rallocm.c
+endif
+
+COBJS := $(CSRCS:$(srcroot)%.c=$(objroot)%.$(O))
+CPICOBJS := $(CSRCS:$(srcroot)%.c=$(objroot)%.pic.$(O))
+CTESTOBJS := $(CTESTS:$(srcroot)%.c=$(objroot)%.$(O))
+
+.PHONY: all dist doc_html doc_man doc
+.PHONY: install_bin install_include install_lib
+.PHONY: install_html install_man install_doc install
+.PHONY: tests check clean distclean relclean
+
+.SECONDARY : $(CTESTOBJS)
+
+# Default target.
+all: build
+
+dist: build_doc
+
+$(srcroot)doc/%.html : $(objroot)doc/%.xml $(srcroot)doc/stylesheet.xsl $(objroot)doc/html.xsl
+	$(XSLTPROC) -o $@ $(objroot)doc/html.xsl $<
+
+$(srcroot)doc/%.3 : $(objroot)doc/%.xml $(srcroot)doc/stylesheet.xsl $(objroot)doc/manpages.xsl
+	$(XSLTPROC) -o $@ $(objroot)doc/manpages.xsl $<
+
+build_doc_html: $(DOCS_HTML)
+build_doc_man: $(DOCS_MAN3)
+build_doc: $(DOCS)
+
+#
+# Include generated dependency files.
+#
+ifdef CC_MM
+-include $(COBJS:%.$(O)=%.d)
+-include $(CPICOBJS:%.$(O)=%.d)
+-include $(CTESTOBJS:%.$(O)=%.d)
+endif
+
+$(COBJS): $(objroot)src/%.$(O): $(srcroot)src/%.c
+$(CPICOBJS): $(objroot)src/%.pic.$(O): $(srcroot)src/%.c
+$(CPICOBJS): CFLAGS += $(PIC_CFLAGS)
+$(CTESTOBJS): $(objroot)test/%.$(O): $(srcroot)test/%.c
+$(CTESTOBJS): CPPFLAGS += -I$(objroot)test
+ifneq ($(IMPORTLIB),$(SO))
+$(COBJS): CPPFLAGS += -DDLLEXPORT
+endif
+
+ifndef CC_MM
+# Dependencies
+HEADER_DIRS = $(srcroot)include/jemalloc/internal \
+	$(objroot)include/jemalloc $(objroot)include/jemalloc/internal
+HEADERS = $(wildcard $(foreach dir,$(HEADER_DIRS),$(dir)/*.h))
+$(COBJS) $(CPICOBJS) $(CTESTOBJS): $(HEADERS)
+$(CTESTOBJS): $(objroot)test/jemalloc_test.h
+endif
+
+$(COBJS) $(CPICOBJS) $(CTESTOBJS): %.$(O):
+	@mkdir -p $(@D)
+	$(CC) $(CFLAGS) -c $(CPPFLAGS) $(CTARGET) $<
+ifdef CC_MM
+	@$(CC) -MM $(CPPFLAGS) -MT $@ -o $(@:%.$(O)=%.d) $<
+endif
+
+ifneq ($(SOREV),$(SO))
+%.$(SO) : %.$(SOREV)
+	@mkdir -p $(@D)
+	ln -sf $(<F) $@
+endif
+
+$(objroot)lib/$(LIBJEMALLOC).$(SOREV) : $(if $(PIC_CFLAGS),$(CPICOBJS),$(COBJS))
+	@mkdir -p $(@D)
+	$(CC) $(DSO_LDFLAGS) $(call RPATH,$(RPATH_EXTRA)) $(LDTARGET) $+ $(LDFLAGS) $(LIBS) $(EXTRA_LDFLAGS)
+
+$(objroot)lib/$(LIBJEMALLOC)_pic.$(A) : $(CPICOBJS)
+$(objroot)lib/$(LIBJEMALLOC).$(A) : $(COBJS)
+$(objroot)lib/$(LIBJEMALLOC)_s.$(A) : $(COBJS)
+
+$(STATIC_LIBS):
+	@mkdir -p $(@D)
+	$(MKLIB) $+
+
+$(objroot)test/bitmap$(EXE): $(objroot)src/bitmap.$(O)
+
+$(objroot)test/%$(EXE): $(objroot)test/%.$(O) $(objroot)src/util.$(O) $(DSOS)
+	@mkdir -p $(@D)
+	$(CC) $(LDTARGET) $(filter %.$(O),$^) $(call RPATH,$(objroot)lib) $(objroot)lib/$(LIBJEMALLOC).$(IMPORTLIB) $(filter -lpthread,$(LIBS)) $(EXTRA_LDFLAGS)
+
+build_lib_shared: $(DSOS)
+build_lib_static: $(STATIC_LIBS)
+build: build_lib_shared build_lib_static
+
+install_bin:
+	install -d $(BINDIR)
+	@for b in $(BINS); do \
+	echo "install -m 755 $$b $(BINDIR)"; \
+	install -m 755 $$b $(BINDIR); \
+done
+
+install_include:
+	install -d $(INCLUDEDIR)/jemalloc
+	@for h in $(CHDRS); do \
+	echo "install -m 644 $$h $(INCLUDEDIR)/jemalloc"; \
+	install -m 644 $$h $(INCLUDEDIR)/jemalloc; \
+done
+
+install_lib_shared: $(DSOS)
+	install -d $(LIBDIR)
+	install -m 755 $(objroot)lib/$(LIBJEMALLOC).$(SOREV) $(LIBDIR)
+ifneq ($(SOREV),$(SO))
+	ln -sf $(LIBJEMALLOC).$(SOREV) $(LIBDIR)/$(LIBJEMALLOC).$(SO)
+endif
+
+install_lib_static: $(STATIC_LIBS)
+	install -d $(LIBDIR)
+	@for l in $(STATIC_LIBS); do \
+	echo "install -m 755 $$l $(LIBDIR)"; \
+	install -m 755 $$l $(LIBDIR); \
+done
+
+install_lib: install_lib_shared install_lib_static
+
+install_doc_html:
+	install -d $(DATADIR)/doc/jemalloc$(install_suffix)
+	@for d in $(DOCS_HTML); do \
+	echo "install -m 644 $$d $(DATADIR)/doc/jemalloc$(install_suffix)"; \
+	install -m 644 $$d $(DATADIR)/doc/jemalloc$(install_suffix); \
+done
+
+install_doc_man:
+	install -d $(MANDIR)/man3
+	@for d in $(DOCS_MAN3); do \
+	echo "install -m 644 $$d $(MANDIR)/man3"; \
+	install -m 644 $$d $(MANDIR)/man3; \
+done
+
+install_doc: install_doc_html install_doc_man
+
+install: install_bin install_include install_lib install_doc
+
+tests: $(CTESTS:$(srcroot)%.c=$(objroot)%$(EXE))
+
+check: tests
+	@mkdir -p $(objroot)test
+	@$(SHELL) -c 'total=0; \
+		failures=0; \
+		echo "========================================="; \
+		for t in $(CTESTS:$(srcroot)%.c=$(objroot)%); do \
+			total=`expr $$total + 1`; \
+			/bin/echo -n "$${t} ... "; \
+			$(TEST_LIBRARY_PATH) $${t}$(EXE) $(abs_srcroot) \
+			  $(abs_objroot) > $(objroot)$${t}.out 2>&1; \
+			if test -e "$(srcroot)$${t}.exp"; then \
+				diff -w -u $(srcroot)$${t}.exp \
+				  $(objroot)$${t}.out >/dev/null 2>&1; \
+				fail=$$?; \
+				if test "$${fail}" -eq "1" ; then \
+					failures=`expr $${failures} + 1`; \
+					echo "*** FAIL ***"; \
+				else \
+					echo "pass"; \
+				fi; \
+			else \
+				echo "*** FAIL *** (.exp file is missing)"; \
+				failures=`expr $${failures} + 1`; \
+			fi; \
+		done; \
+		echo "========================================="; \
+		echo "Failures: $${failures}/$${total}"'
+
+clean:
+	rm -f $(COBJS)
+	rm -f $(CPICOBJS)
+	rm -f $(COBJS:%.$(O)=%.d)
+	rm -f $(CPICOBJS:%.$(O)=%.d)
+	rm -f $(CTESTOBJS:%.$(O)=%$(EXE))
+	rm -f $(CTESTOBJS)
+	rm -f $(CTESTOBJS:%.$(O)=%.d)
+	rm -f $(CTESTOBJS:%.$(O)=%.out)
+	rm -f $(DSOS) $(STATIC_LIBS)
+
+distclean: clean
+	rm -rf $(objroot)autom4te.cache
+	rm -f $(objroot)config.log
+	rm -f $(objroot)config.status
+	rm -f $(objroot)config.stamp
+	rm -f $(cfghdrs_out)
+	rm -f $(cfgoutputs_out)
+
+relclean: distclean
+	rm -f $(objroot)configure
+	rm -f $(srcroot)VERSION
+	rm -f $(DOCS_HTML)
+	rm -f $(DOCS_MAN3)
+
+#===============================================================================
+# Re-configuration rules.
+
+ifeq ($(enable_autogen), 1)
+$(srcroot)configure : $(srcroot)configure.ac
+	cd ./$(srcroot) && $(AUTOCONF)
+
+$(objroot)config.status : $(srcroot)configure
+	./$(objroot)config.status --recheck
+
+$(srcroot)config.stamp.in : $(srcroot)configure.ac
+	echo stamp > $(srcroot)config.stamp.in
+
+$(objroot)config.stamp : $(cfgoutputs_in) $(cfghdrs_in) $(srcroot)configure
+	./$(objroot)config.status
+	@touch $@
+
+# There must be some action in order for make to re-read Makefile when it is
+# out of date.
+$(cfgoutputs_out) $(cfghdrs_out) : $(objroot)config.stamp
+	@true
+endif
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/memory/jemalloc/src/README
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+jemalloc is a general-purpose scalable concurrent malloc(3) implementation.
+This distribution is a "portable" implementation that currently targets
+FreeBSD, Linux, Apple OS X, and MinGW.  jemalloc is included as the default
+allocator in the FreeBSD and NetBSD operating systems, and it is used by the
+Mozilla Firefox web browser on Microsoft Windows-related platforms.  Depending
+on your needs, one of the other divergent versions may suit your needs better
+than this distribution.
+
+The COPYING file contains copyright and licensing information.
+
+The INSTALL file contains information on how to configure, build, and install
+jemalloc.
+
+The ChangeLog file contains a brief summary of changes for each release.
+
+URL: http://www.canonware.com/jemalloc/
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/memory/jemalloc/src/VERSION
@@ -0,0 +1,1 @@
+3.0.0-0-gfc9b1dbf69f59d7ecfc4ac68da9847e017e1d046
new file mode 100755
--- /dev/null
+++ b/memory/jemalloc/src/autogen.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+
+for i in autoconf; do
+    echo "$i"
+    $i
+    if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
+	echo "Error $? in $i"
+	exit 1
+    fi
+done
+
+echo "./configure --enable-autogen $@"
+./configure --enable-autogen $@
+if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
+    echo "Error $? in ./configure"
+    exit 1
+fi
new file mode 100644
--- /dev/null
+++ b/memory/jemalloc/src/bin/jemalloc.sh.in
@@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+
+prefix=@prefix@
+exec_prefix=@exec_prefix@
+libdir=@libdir@
+
+@LD_PRELOAD_VAR@=${libdir}/libjemalloc.@SOREV@
+export @LD_PRELOAD_VAR@
+exec "$@"
new file mode 100755
--- /dev/null
+++ b/memory/jemalloc/src/bin/pprof
@@ -0,0 +1,5348 @@
+#! /usr/bin/env perl
+
+# Copyright (c) 1998-2007, Google Inc.
+# All rights reserved.
+# 
+# Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+# modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
+# met:
+# 
+#     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+# notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+#     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
+# copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
+# in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+# distribution.
+#     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
+# contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
+# this software without specific prior written permission.
+# 
+# THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+# "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+# LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+# A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+# OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+# SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+# LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+# DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+# THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+# (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+# OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+
+# ---
+# Program for printing the profile generated by common/profiler.cc,
+# or by the heap profiler (common/debugallocation.cc)
+#
+# The profile contains a sequence of entries of the form:
+#       <count> <stack trace>
+# This program parses the profile, and generates user-readable
+# output.
+#
+# Examples:
+#
+# % tools/pprof "program" "profile"
+#   Enters "interactive" mode
+#
+# % tools/pprof --text "program" "profile"
+#   Generates one line per procedure
+#
+# % tools/pprof --gv "program" "profile"
+#   Generates annotated call-graph and displays via "gv"
+#
+# % tools/pprof --gv --focus=Mutex "program" "profile"
+#   Restrict to code paths that involve an entry that matches "Mutex"
+#
+# % tools/pprof --gv --focus=Mutex --ignore=string "program" "profile"
+#   Restrict to code paths that involve an entry that matches "Mutex"
+#   and does not match "string"
+#
+# % tools/pprof --list=IBF_CheckDocid "program" "profile"
+#   Generates disassembly listing of all routines with at least one
+#   sample that match the --list=<regexp> pattern.  The listing is
+#   annotated with the flat and cumulative sample counts at each line.
+#
+# % tools/pprof --disasm=IBF_CheckDocid "program" "profile"
+#   Generates disassembly listing of all routines with at least one
+#   sample that match the --disasm=<regexp> pattern.  The listing is
+#   annotated with the flat and cumulative sample counts at each PC value.
+#
+# TODO: Use color to indicate files?
+
+use strict;
+use warnings;
+use Getopt::Long;
+
+my $PPROF_VERSION = "2.0";
+
+# These are the object tools we use which can come from a
+# user-specified location using --tools, from the PPROF_TOOLS
+# environment variable, or from the environment.
+my %obj_tool_map = (
+  "objdump" => "objdump",
+  "nm" => "nm",
+  "addr2line" => "addr2line",
+  "c++filt" => "c++filt",
+  ## ConfigureObjTools may add architecture-specific entries:
+  #"nm_pdb" => "nm-pdb",       # for reading windows (PDB-format) executables
+  #"addr2line_pdb" => "addr2line-pdb",                                # ditto
+  #"otool" => "otool",         # equivalent of objdump on OS X
+);
+# NOTE: these are lists, so you can put in commandline flags if you want.
+my @DOT = ("dot");          # leave non-absolute, since it may be in /usr/local
+my @GV = ("gv");
+my @EVINCE = ("evince");    # could also be xpdf or perhaps acroread
+my @KCACHEGRIND = ("kcachegrind");
+my @PS2PDF = ("ps2pdf");
+# These are used for dynamic profiles
+my @URL_FETCHER = ("curl", "-s");
+
+# These are the web pages that servers need to support for dynamic profiles
+my $HEAP_PAGE = "/pprof/heap";
+my $PROFILE_PAGE = "/pprof/profile";   # must support cgi-param "?seconds=#"
+my $PMUPROFILE_PAGE = "/pprof/pmuprofile(?:\\?.*)?"; # must support cgi-param
+                                                # ?seconds=#&event=x&period=n
+my $GROWTH_PAGE = "/pprof/growth";
+my $CONTENTION_PAGE = "/pprof/contention";
+my $WALL_PAGE = "/pprof/wall(?:\\?.*)?";  # accepts options like namefilter
+my $FILTEREDPROFILE_PAGE = "/pprof/filteredprofile(?:\\?.*)?";
+my $CENSUSPROFILE_PAGE = "/pprof/censusprofile(?:\\?.*)?"; # must support cgi-param
+                                                       # "?seconds=#",
+                                                       # "?tags_regexp=#" and
+                                                       # "?type=#".
+my $SYMBOL_PAGE = "/pprof/symbol";     # must support symbol lookup via POST
+my $PROGRAM_NAME_PAGE = "/pprof/cmdline";
+
+# These are the web pages that can be named on the command line.
+# All the alternatives must begin with /.
+my $PROFILES = "($HEAP_PAGE|$PROFILE_PAGE|$PMUPROFILE_PAGE|" .
+               "$GROWTH_PAGE|$CONTENTION_PAGE|$WALL_PAGE|" .
+               "$FILTEREDPROFILE_PAGE|$CENSUSPROFILE_PAGE)";
+
+# default binary name
+my $UNKNOWN_BINARY = "(unknown)";
+
+# There is a pervasive dependency on the length (in hex characters,
+# i.e., nibbles) of an address, distinguishing between 32-bit and
+# 64-bit profiles.  To err on the safe size, default to 64-bit here:
+my $address_length = 16;
+
+my $dev_null = "/dev/null";
+if (! -e $dev_null && $^O =~ /MSWin/) {    # $^O is the OS perl was built for
+  $dev_null = "nul";
+}
+
+# A list of paths to search for shared object files
+my @prefix_list = ();
+
+# Special routine name that should not have any symbols.
+# Used as separator to parse "addr2line -i" output.
+my $sep_symbol = '_fini';
+my $sep_address = undef;
+
+##### Argument parsing #####
+
+sub usage_string {
+  return <<EOF;
+Usage:
+pprof [options] <program> <profiles>
+   <profiles> is a space separated list of profile names.
+pprof [options] <symbolized-profiles>
+   <symbolized-profiles> is a list of profile files where each file contains
+   the necessary symbol mappings  as well as profile data (likely generated
+   with --raw).
+pprof [options] <profile>
+   <profile> is a remote form.  Symbols are obtained from host:port$SYMBOL_PAGE
+
+   Each name can be:
+   /path/to/profile        - a path to a profile file
+   host:port[/<service>]   - a location of a service to get profile from
+
+   The /<service> can be $HEAP_PAGE, $PROFILE_PAGE, /pprof/pmuprofile,
+                         $GROWTH_PAGE, $CONTENTION_PAGE, /pprof/wall,
+                         $CENSUSPROFILE_PAGE, or /pprof/filteredprofile.
+   For instance:
+     pprof http://myserver.com:80$HEAP_PAGE
+   If /<service> is omitted, the service defaults to $PROFILE_PAGE (cpu profiling).
+pprof --symbols <program>
+   Maps addresses to symbol names.  In this mode, stdin should be a
+   list of library mappings, in the same format as is found in the heap-
+   and cpu-profile files (this loosely matches that of /proc/self/maps
+   on linux), followed by a list of hex addresses to map, one per line.
+
+   For more help with querying remote servers, including how to add the
+   necessary server-side support code, see this filename (or one like it):
+
+   /usr/doc/gperftools-$PPROF_VERSION/pprof_remote_servers.html
+
+Options:
+   --cum               Sort by cumulative data
+   --base=<base>       Subtract <base> from <profile> before display
+   --interactive       Run in interactive mode (interactive "help" gives help) [default]
+   --seconds=<n>       Length of time for dynamic profiles [default=30 secs]
+   --add_lib=<file>    Read additional symbols and line info from the given library
+   --lib_prefix=<dir>  Comma separated list of library path prefixes
+
+Reporting Granularity:
+   --addresses         Report at address level
+   --lines             Report at source line level
+   --functions         Report at function level [default]
+   --files             Report at source file level
+
+Output type:
+   --text              Generate text report
+   --callgrind         Generate callgrind format to stdout
+   --gv                Generate Postscript and display
+   --evince            Generate PDF and display
+   --web               Generate SVG and display
+   --list=<regexp>     Generate source listing of matching routines
+   --disasm=<regexp>   Generate disassembly of matching routines
+   --symbols           Print demangled symbol names found at given addresses
+   --dot               Generate DOT file to stdout
+   --ps                Generate Postcript to stdout
+   --pdf               Generate PDF to stdout
+   --svg               Generate SVG to stdout
+   --gif               Generate GIF to stdout
+   --raw               Generate symbolized pprof data (useful with remote fetch)
+
+Heap-Profile Options:
+   --inuse_space       Display in-use (mega)bytes [default]
+   --inuse_objects     Display in-use objects
+   --alloc_space       Display allocated (mega)bytes
+   --alloc_objects     Display allocated objects
+   --show_bytes        Display space in bytes
+   --drop_negative     Ignore negative differences
+
+Contention-profile options:
+   --total_delay       Display total delay at each region [default]
+   --contentions       Display number of delays at each region
+   --mean_delay        Display mean delay at each region
+
+Call-graph Options:
+   --nodecount=<n>     Show at most so many nodes [default=80]
+   --nodefraction=<f>  Hide nodes below <f>*total [default=.005]
+   --edgefraction=<f>  Hide edges below <f>*total [default=.001]
+   --maxdegree=<n>     Max incoming/outgoing edges per node [default=8]
+   --focus=<regexp>    Focus on nodes matching <regexp>
+   --ignore=<regexp>   Ignore nodes matching <regexp>
+   --scale=<n>         Set GV scaling [default=0]
+   --heapcheck         Make nodes with non-0 object counts
+                       (i.e. direct leak generators) more visible
+
+Miscellaneous:
+   --tools=<prefix or binary:fullpath>[,...]   \$PATH for object tool pathnames
+   --test              Run unit tests
+   --help              This message
+   --version           Version information
+
+Environment Variables:
+   PPROF_TMPDIR        Profiles directory. Defaults to \$HOME/pprof
+   PPROF_TOOLS         Prefix for object tools pathnames
+
+Examples:
+
+pprof /bin/ls ls.prof
+                       Enters "interactive" mode
+pprof --text /bin/ls ls.prof
+                       Outputs one line per procedure
+pprof --web /bin/ls ls.prof
+                       Displays annotated call-graph in web browser
+pprof --gv /bin/ls ls.prof
+                       Displays annotated call-graph via 'gv'
+pprof --gv --focus=Mutex /bin/ls ls.prof
+                       Restricts to code paths including a .*Mutex.* entry
+pprof --gv --focus=Mutex --ignore=string /bin/ls ls.prof
+                       Code paths including Mutex but not string
+pprof --list=getdir /bin/ls ls.prof
+                       (Per-line) annotated source listing for getdir()
+pprof --disasm=getdir /bin/ls ls.prof
+                       (Per-PC) annotated disassembly for getdir()
+
+pprof http://localhost:1234/
+                       Enters "interactive" mode
+pprof --text localhost:1234
+                       Outputs one line per procedure for localhost:1234
+pprof --raw localhost:1234 > ./local.raw
+pprof --text ./local.raw
+                       Fetches a remote profile for later analysis and then
+                       analyzes it in text mode.
+EOF
+}
+
+sub version_string {
+  return <<EOF
+pprof (part of gperftools $PPROF_VERSION)
+
+Copyright 1998-2007 Google Inc.
+
+This is BSD licensed software; see the source for copying conditions
+and license information.
+There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A
+PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
+EOF
+}
+
+sub usage {
+  my $msg = shift;
+  print STDERR "$msg\n\n";
+  print STDERR usage_string();
+  print STDERR "\nFATAL ERROR: $msg\n";    # just as a reminder
+  exit(1);
+}
+
+sub Init() {
+  # Setup tmp-file name and handler to clean it up.
+  # We do this in the very beginning so that we can use
+  # error() and cleanup() function anytime here after.
+  $main::tmpfile_sym = "/tmp/pprof$$.sym";
+  $main::tmpfile_ps = "/tmp/pprof$$";
+  $main::next_tmpfile = 0;
+  $SIG{'INT'} = \&sighandler;
+
+  # Cache from filename/linenumber to source code
+  $main::source_cache = ();
+
+  $main::opt_help = 0;
+  $main::opt_version = 0;
+
+  $main::opt_cum = 0;
+  $main::opt_base = '';
+  $main::opt_addresses = 0;
+  $main::opt_lines = 0;
+  $main::opt_functions = 0;
+  $main::opt_files = 0;
+  $main::opt_lib_prefix = "";
+
+  $main::opt_text = 0;
+  $main::opt_callgrind = 0;
+  $main::opt_list = "";
+  $main::opt_disasm = "";
+  $main::opt_symbols = 0;
+  $main::opt_gv = 0;
+  $main::opt_evince = 0;
+  $main::opt_web = 0;
+  $main::opt_dot = 0;
+  $main::opt_ps = 0;
+  $main::opt_pdf = 0;
+  $main::opt_gif = 0;
+  $main::opt_svg = 0;
+  $main::opt_raw = 0;
+
+  $main::opt_nodecount = 80;
+  $main::opt_nodefraction = 0.005;
+  $main::opt_edgefraction = 0.001;
+  $main::opt_maxdegree = 8;
+  $main::opt_focus = '';
+  $main::opt_ignore = '';
+  $main::opt_scale = 0;
+  $main::opt_heapcheck = 0;
+  $main::opt_seconds = 30;
+  $main::opt_lib = "";
+
+  $main::opt_inuse_space   = 0;
+  $main::opt_inuse_objects = 0;
+  $main::opt_alloc_space   = 0;
+  $main::opt_alloc_objects = 0;
+  $main::opt_show_bytes    = 0;
+  $main::opt_drop_negative = 0;
+  $main::opt_interactive   = 0;
+
+  $main::opt_total_delay = 0;
+  $main::opt_contentions = 0;
+  $main::opt_mean_delay = 0;
+
+  $main::opt_tools   = "";
+  $main::opt_debug   = 0;
+  $main::opt_test    = 0;
+
+  # These are undocumented flags used only by unittests.
+  $main::opt_test_stride = 0;
+
+  # Are we using $SYMBOL_PAGE?
+  $main::use_symbol_page = 0;
+
+  # Files returned by TempName.
+  %main::tempnames = ();
+
+  # Type of profile we are dealing with
+  # Supported types:
+  #     cpu
+  #     heap
+  #     growth
+  #     contention
+  $main::profile_type = '';     # Empty type means "unknown"
+
+  GetOptions("help!"          => \$main::opt_help,
+             "version!"       => \$main::opt_version,
+             "cum!"           => \$main::opt_cum,
+             "base=s"         => \$main::opt_base,
+             "seconds=i"      => \$main::opt_seconds,
+             "add_lib=s"      => \$main::opt_lib,
+             "lib_prefix=s"   => \$main::opt_lib_prefix,
+             "functions!"     => \$main::opt_functions,
+             "lines!"         => \$main::opt_lines,
+             "addresses!"     => \$main::opt_addresses,
+             "files!"         => \$main::opt_files,
+             "text!"          => \$main::opt_text,
+             "callgrind!"     => \$main::opt_callgrind,
+             "list=s"         => \$main::opt_list,
+             "disasm=s"       => \$main::opt_disasm,
+             "symbols!"       => \$main::opt_symbols,
+             "gv!"            => \$main::opt_gv,
+             "evince!"        => \$main::opt_evince,
+             "web!"           => \$main::opt_web,
+             "dot!"           => \$main::opt_dot,
+             "ps!"            => \$main::opt_ps,
+             "pdf!"           => \$main::opt_pdf,
+             "svg!"           => \$main::opt_svg,
+             "gif!"           => \$main::opt_gif,
+             "raw!"           => \$main::opt_raw,
+             "interactive!"   => \$main::opt_interactive,
+             "nodecount=i"    => \$main::opt_nodecount,
+             "nodefraction=f" => \$main::opt_nodefraction,
+             "edgefraction=f" => \$main::opt_edgefraction,
+             "maxdegree=i"    => \$main::opt_maxdegree,
+             "focus=s"        => \$main::opt_focus,
+             "ignore=s"       => \$main::opt_ignore,
+             "scale=i"        => \$main::opt_scale,
+             "heapcheck"      => \$main::opt_heapcheck,
+             "inuse_space!"   => \$main::opt_inuse_space,
+             "inuse_objects!" => \$main::opt_inuse_objects,
+             "alloc_space!"   => \$main::opt_alloc_space,
+             "alloc_objects!" => \$main::opt_alloc_objects,
+             "show_bytes!"    => \$main::opt_show_bytes,
+             "drop_negative!" => \$main::opt_drop_negative,
+             "total_delay!"   => \$main::opt_total_delay,
+             "contentions!"   => \$main::opt_contentions,
+             "mean_delay!"    => \$main::opt_mean_delay,
+             "tools=s"        => \$main::opt_tools,
+             "test!"          => \$main::opt_test,
+             "debug!"         => \$main::opt_debug,
+             # Undocumented flags used only by unittests:
+             "test_stride=i"  => \$main::opt_test_stride,
+      ) || usage("Invalid option(s)");
+
+  # Deal with the standard --help and --version
+  if ($main::opt_help) {
+    print usage_string();
+    exit(0);
+  }
+
+  if ($main::opt_version) {
+    print version_string();
+    exit(0);
+  }
+
+  # Disassembly/listing/symbols mode requires address-level info
+  if ($main::opt_disasm || $main::opt_list || $main::opt_symbols) {
+    $main::opt_functions = 0;
+    $main::opt_lines = 0;
+    $main::opt_addresses = 1;
+    $main::opt_files = 0;
+  }
+
+  # Check heap-profiling flags
+  if ($main::opt_inuse_space +
+      $main::opt_inuse_objects +
+      $main::opt_alloc_space +
+      $main::opt_alloc_objects > 1) {
+    usage("Specify at most on of --inuse/--alloc options");
+  }
+
+  # Check output granularities
+  my $grains =
+      $main::opt_functions +
+      $main::opt_lines +
+      $main::opt_addresses +
+      $main::opt_files +
+      0;
+  if ($grains > 1) {
+    usage("Only specify one output granularity option");
+  }
+  if ($grains == 0) {
+    $main::opt_functions = 1;
+  }
+
+  # Check output modes
+  my $modes =
+      $main::opt_text +
+      $main::opt_callgrind +
+      ($main::opt_list eq '' ? 0 : 1) +
+      ($main::opt_disasm eq '' ? 0 : 1) +
+      ($main::opt_symbols == 0 ? 0 : 1) +
+      $main::opt_gv +
+      $main::opt_evince +
+      $main::opt_web +
+      $main::opt_dot +
+      $main::opt_ps +
+      $main::opt_pdf +
+      $main::opt_svg +
+      $main::opt_gif +
+      $main::opt_raw +
+      $main::opt_interactive +
+      0;
+  if ($modes > 1) {
+    usage("Only specify one output mode");
+  }
+  if ($modes == 0) {
+    if (-t STDOUT) {  # If STDOUT is a tty, activate interactive mode
+      $main::opt_interactive = 1;
+    } else {
+      $main::opt_text = 1;
+    }
+  }
+
+  if ($main::opt_test) {
+    RunUnitTests();
+    # Should not return
+    exit(1);
+  }
+
+  # Binary name and profile arguments list
+  $main::prog = "";
+  @main::pfile_args = ();
+
+  # Remote profiling without a binary (using $SYMBOL_PAGE instead)
+  if (@ARGV > 0) {
+    if (IsProfileURL($ARGV[0])) {
+      $main::use_symbol_page = 1;
+    } elsif (IsSymbolizedProfileFile($ARGV[0])) {
+      $main::use_symbolized_profile = 1;
+      $main::prog = $UNKNOWN_BINARY;  # will be set later from the profile file
+    }
+  }
+
+  if ($main::use_symbol_page || $main::use_symbolized_profile) {
+    # We don't need a binary!
+    my %disabled = ('--lines' => $main::opt_lines,
+                    '--disasm' => $main::opt_disasm);
+    for my $option (keys %disabled) {
+      usage("$option cannot be used without a binary") if $disabled{$option};
+    }
+    # Set $main::prog later...
+    scalar(@ARGV) || usage("Did not specify profile file");
+  } elsif ($main::opt_symbols) {
+    # --symbols needs a binary-name (to run nm on, etc) but not profiles
+    $main::prog = shift(@ARGV) || usage("Did not specify program");
+  } else {
+    $main::prog = shift(@ARGV) || usage("Did not specify program");
+    scalar(@ARGV) || usage("Did not specify profile file");
+  }
+
+  # Parse profile file/location arguments
+  foreach my $farg (@ARGV) {
+    if ($farg =~ m/(.*)\@([0-9]+)(|\/.*)$/ ) {
+      my $machine = $1;
+      my $num_machines = $2;
+      my $path = $3;
+      for (my $i = 0; $i < $num_machines; $i++) {
+        unshift(@main::pfile_args, "$i.$machine$path");
+      }
+    } else {
+      unshift(@main::pfile_args, $farg);
+    }
+  }
+
+  if ($main::use_symbol_page) {
+    unless (IsProfileURL($main::pfile_args[0])) {
+      error("The first profile should be a remote form to use $SYMBOL_PAGE\n");
+    }
+    CheckSymbolPage();
+    $main::prog = FetchProgramName();
+  } elsif (!$main::use_symbolized_profile) {  # may not need objtools!
+    ConfigureObjTools($main::prog)
+  }
+
+  # Break the opt_lib_prefix into the prefix_list array
+  @prefix_list = split (',', $main::opt_lib_prefix);
+
+  # Remove trailing / from the prefixes, in the list to prevent
+  # searching things like /my/path//lib/mylib.so
+  foreach (@prefix_list) {
+    s|/+$||;
+  }
+}
+
+sub Main() {
+  Init();
+  $main::collected_profile = undef;
+  @main::profile_files = ();
+  $main::op_time = time();
+
+  # Printing symbols is special and requires a lot less info that most.
+  if ($main::opt_symbols) {
+    PrintSymbols(*STDIN);   # Get /proc/maps and symbols output from stdin
+    return;
+  }
+
+  # Fetch all profile data
+  FetchDynamicProfiles();
+
+  # this will hold symbols that we read from the profile files
+  my $symbol_map = {};
+
+  # Read one profile, pick the last item on the list
+  my $data = ReadProfile($main::prog, pop(@main::profile_files));
+  my $profile = $data->{profile};
+  my $pcs = $data->{pcs};
+  my $libs = $data->{libs};   # Info about main program and shared libraries
+  $symbol_map = MergeSymbols($symbol_map, $data->{symbols});
+
+  # Add additional profiles, if available.
+  if (scalar(@main::profile_files) > 0) {
+    foreach my $pname (@main::profile_files) {
+      my $data2 = ReadProfile($main::prog, $pname);
+      $profile = AddProfile($profile, $data2->{profile});
+      $pcs = AddPcs($pcs, $data2->{pcs});
+      $symbol_map = MergeSymbols($symbol_map, $data2->{symbols});
+    }
+  }
+
+  # Subtract base from profile, if specified
+  if ($main::opt_base ne '') {
+    my $base = ReadProfile($main::prog, $main::opt_base);
+    $profile = SubtractProfile($profile, $base->{profile});
+    $pcs = AddPcs($pcs, $base->{pcs});
+    $symbol_map = MergeSymbols($symbol_map, $base->{symbols});
+  }
+
+  # Get total data in profile
+  my $total = TotalProfile($profile);
+
+  # Collect symbols
+  my $symbols;
+  if ($main::use_symbolized_profile) {
+    $symbols = FetchSymbols($pcs, $symbol_map);
+  } elsif ($main::use_symbol_page) {
+    $symbols = FetchSymbols($pcs);
+  } else {
+    # TODO(csilvers): $libs uses the /proc/self/maps data from profile1,
+    # which may differ from the data from subsequent profiles, especially
+    # if they were run on different machines.  Use appropriate libs for
+    # each pc somehow.
+    $symbols = ExtractSymbols($libs, $pcs);
+  }
+
+  # Remove uniniteresting stack items
+  $profile = RemoveUninterestingFrames($symbols, $profile);
+
+  # Focus?
+  if ($main::opt_focus ne '') {
+    $profile = FocusProfile($symbols, $profile, $main::opt_focus);
+  }
+
+  # Ignore?
+  if ($main::opt_ignore ne '') {
+    $profile = IgnoreProfile($symbols, $profile, $main::opt_ignore);
+  }
+
+  my $calls = ExtractCalls($symbols, $profile);
+
+  # Reduce profiles to required output granularity, and also clean
+  # each stack trace so a given entry exists at most once.
+  my $reduced = ReduceProfile($symbols, $profile);
+
+  # Get derived profiles
+  my $flat = FlatProfile($reduced);
+  my $cumulative = CumulativeProfile($reduced);
+
+  # Print
+  if (!$main::opt_interactive) {
+    if ($main::opt_disasm) {
+      PrintDisassembly($libs, $flat, $cumulative, $main::opt_disasm);
+    } elsif ($main::opt_list) {
+      PrintListing($total, $libs, $flat, $cumulative, $main::opt_list, 0);
+    } elsif ($main::opt_text) {
+      # Make sure the output is empty when have nothing to report
+      # (only matters when --heapcheck is given but we must be
+      # compatible with old branches that did not pass --heapcheck always):
+      if ($total != 0) {
+        printf("Total: %s %s\n", Unparse($total), Units());
+      }
+      PrintText($symbols, $flat, $cumulative, -1);
+    } elsif ($main::opt_raw) {
+      PrintSymbolizedProfile($symbols, $profile, $main::prog);
+    } elsif ($main::opt_callgrind) {
+      PrintCallgrind($calls);
+    } else {
+      if (PrintDot($main::prog, $symbols, $profile, $flat, $cumulative, $total)) {
+        if ($main::opt_gv) {
+          RunGV(TempName($main::next_tmpfile, "ps"), "");
+        } elsif ($main::opt_evince) {
+          RunEvince(TempName($main::next_tmpfile, "pdf"), "");
+        } elsif ($main::opt_web) {
+          my $tmp = TempName($main::next_tmpfile, "svg");
+          RunWeb($tmp);
+          # The command we run might hand the file name off
+          # to an already running browser instance and then exit.
+          # Normally, we'd remove $tmp on exit (right now),
+          # but fork a child to remove $tmp a little later, so that the
+          # browser has time to load it first.
+          delete $main::tempnames{$tmp};
+          if (fork() == 0) {
+            sleep 5;
+            unlink($tmp);
+            exit(0);
+          }
+        }
+      } else {
+        cleanup();
+        exit(1);
+      }
+    }
+  } else {
+    InteractiveMode($profile, $symbols, $libs, $total);
+  }
+
+  cleanup();
+  exit(0);
+}
+
+##### Entry Point #####
+
+Main();
+
+# Temporary code to detect if we're running on a Goobuntu system.
+# These systems don't have the right stuff installed for the special
+# Readline libraries to work, so as a temporary workaround, we default
+# to using the normal stdio code, rather than the fancier readline-based
+# code
+sub ReadlineMightFail {
+  if (-e '/lib/libtermcap.so.2') {
+    return 0;  # libtermcap exists, so readline should be okay
+  } else {
+    return 1;
+  }
+}
+
+sub RunGV {
+  my $fname = shift;
+  my $bg = shift;       # "" or " &" if we should run in background
+  if (!system(ShellEscape(@GV, "--version") . " >$dev_null 2>&1")) {
+    # Options using double dash are supported by this gv version.
+    # Also, turn on noantialias to better handle bug in gv for
+    # postscript files with large dimensions.
+    # TODO: Maybe we should not pass the --noantialias flag
+    # if the gv version is known to work properly without the flag.
+    system(ShellEscape(@GV, "--scale=$main::opt_scale", "--noantialias", $fname)
+           . $bg);
+  } else {
+    # Old gv version - only supports options that use single dash.
+    print STDERR ShellEscape(@GV, "-scale", $main::opt_scale) . "\n";
+    system(ShellEscape(@GV, "-scale", "$main::opt_scale", $fname) . $bg);
+  }
+}
+
+sub RunEvince {
+  my $fname = shift;
+  my $bg = shift;       # "" or " &" if we should run in background
+  system(ShellEscape(@EVINCE, $fname) . $bg);
+}
+
+sub RunWeb {
+  my $fname = shift;
+  print STDERR "Loading web page file:///$fname\n";
+
+  if (`uname` =~ /Darwin/) {
+    # OS X: open will use standard preference for SVG files.
+    system("/usr/bin/open", $fname);
+    return;
+  }
+
+  # Some kind of Unix; try generic symlinks, then specific browsers.
+  # (Stop once we find one.)
+  # Works best if the browser is already running.
+  my @alt = (
+    "/etc/alternatives/gnome-www-browser",
+    "/etc/alternatives/x-www-browser",
+    "google-chrome",
+    "firefox",
+  );
+  foreach my $b (@alt) {
+    if (system($b, $fname) == 0) {
+      return;
+    }
+  }
+
+  print STDERR "Could not load web browser.\n";
+}
+
+sub RunKcachegrind {
+  my $fname = shift;
+  my $bg = shift;       # "" or " &" if we should run in background
+  print STDERR "Starting '@KCACHEGRIND " . $fname . $bg . "'\n";
+  system(ShellEscape(@KCACHEGRIND, $fname) . $bg);
+}
+
+
+##### Interactive helper routines #####
+
+sub InteractiveMode {
+  $| = 1;  # Make output unbuffered for interactive mode
+  my ($orig_profile, $symbols, $libs, $total) = @_;
+
+  print STDERR "Welcome to pprof!  For help, type 'help'.\n";
+
+  # Use ReadLine if it's installed and input comes from a console.
+  if ( -t STDIN &&
+       !ReadlineMightFail() &&
+       defined(eval {require Term::ReadLine}) ) {
+    my $term = new Term::ReadLine 'pprof';
+    while ( defined ($_ = $term->readline('(pprof) '))) {
+      $term->addhistory($_) if /\S/;
+      if (!InteractiveCommand($orig_profile, $symbols, $libs, $total, $_)) {
+        last;    # exit when we get an interactive command to quit
+      }
+    }
+  } else {       # don't have readline
+    while (1) {
+      print STDERR "(pprof) ";
+      $_ = <STDIN>;
+      last if ! defined $_ ;
+      s/\r//g;         # turn windows-looking lines into unix-looking lines
+
+      # Save some flags that might be reset by InteractiveCommand()
+      my $save_opt_lines = $main::opt_lines;
+
+      if (!InteractiveCommand($orig_profile, $symbols, $libs, $total, $_)) {
+        last;    # exit when we get an interactive command to quit
+      }
+
+      # Restore flags
+      $main::opt_lines = $save_opt_lines;
+    }
+  }
+}
+
+# Takes two args: orig profile, and command to run.
+# Returns 1 if we should keep going, or 0 if we were asked to quit
+sub InteractiveCommand {
+  my($orig_profile, $symbols, $libs, $total, $command) = @_;
+  $_ = $command;                # just to make future m//'s easier
+  if (!defined($_)) {
+    print STDERR "\n";
+    return 0;
+  }
+  if (m/^\s*quit/) {
+    return 0;
+  }
+  if (m/^\s*help/) {
+    InteractiveHelpMessage();
+    return 1;
+  }
+  # Clear all the mode options -- mode is controlled by "$command"
+  $main::opt_text = 0;
+  $main::opt_callgrind = 0;
+  $main::opt_disasm = 0;
+  $main::opt_list = 0;
+  $main::opt_gv = 0;
+  $main::opt_evince = 0;
+  $main::opt_cum = 0;
+
+  if (m/^\s*(text|top)(\d*)\s*(.*)/) {
+    $main::opt_text = 1;
+
+    my $line_limit = ($2 ne "") ? int($2) : 10;
+
+    my $routine;
+    my $ignore;
+    ($routine, $ignore) = ParseInteractiveArgs($3);
+
+    my $profile = ProcessProfile($total, $orig_profile, $symbols, "", $ignore);
+    my $reduced = ReduceProfile($symbols, $profile);
+
+    # Get derived profiles
+    my $flat = FlatProfile($reduced);
+    my $cumulative = CumulativeProfile($reduced);
+
+    PrintText($symbols, $flat, $cumulative, $line_limit);
+    return 1;
+  }
+  if (m/^\s*callgrind\s*([^ \n]*)/) {
+    $main::opt_callgrind = 1;
+
+    # Get derived profiles
+    my $calls = ExtractCalls($symbols, $orig_profile);
+    my $filename = $1;
+    if ( $1 eq '' ) {
+      $filename = TempName($main::next_tmpfile, "callgrind");
+    }
+    PrintCallgrind($calls, $filename);
+    if ( $1 eq '' ) {
+      RunKcachegrind($filename, " & ");
+      $main::next_tmpfile++;
+    }
+
+    return 1;
+  }
+  if (m/^\s*(web)?list\s*(.+)/) {
+    my $html = (defined($1) && ($1 eq "web"));
+    $main::opt_list = 1;
+
+    my $routine;
+    my $ignore;
+    ($routine, $ignore) = ParseInteractiveArgs($2);
+
+    my $profile = ProcessProfile($total, $orig_profile, $symbols, "", $ignore);
+    my $reduced = ReduceProfile($symbols, $profile);
+
+    # Get derived profiles
+    my $flat = FlatProfile($reduced);
+    my $cumulative = CumulativeProfile($reduced);
+
+    PrintListing($total, $libs, $flat, $cumulative, $routine, $html);
+    return 1;
+  }
+  if (m/^\s*disasm\s*(.+)/) {
+    $main::opt_disasm = 1;
+
+    my $routine;
+    my $ignore;
+    ($routine, $ignore) = ParseInteractiveArgs($1);
+
+    # Process current profile to account for various settings
+    my $profile = ProcessProfile($total, $orig_profile, $symbols, "", $ignore);
+    my $reduced = ReduceProfile($symbols, $profile);
+
+    # Get derived profiles
+    my $flat = FlatProfile($reduced);
+    my $cumulative = CumulativeProfile($reduced);
+
+    PrintDisassembly($libs, $flat, $cumulative, $routine);
+    return 1;
+  }
+  if (m/^\s*(gv|web|evince)\s*(.*)/) {
+    $main::opt_gv = 0;
+    $main::opt_evince = 0;
+    $main::opt_web = 0;
+    if ($1 eq "gv") {
+      $main::opt_gv = 1;
+    } elsif ($1 eq "evince") {
+      $main::opt_evince = 1;
+    } elsif ($1 eq "web") {
+      $main::opt_web = 1;
+    }
+
+    my $focus;
+    my $ignore;
+    ($focus, $ignore) = ParseInteractiveArgs($2);
+
+    # Process current profile to account for various settings
+    my $profile = ProcessProfile($total, $orig_profile, $symbols,
+                                 $focus, $ignore);
+    my $reduced = ReduceProfile($symbols, $profile);
+
+    # Get derived profiles
+    my $flat = FlatProfile($reduced);
+    my $cumulative = CumulativeProfile($reduced);
+
+    if (PrintDot($main::prog, $symbols, $profile, $flat, $cumulative, $total)) {
+      if ($main::opt_gv) {
+        RunGV(TempName($main::next_tmpfile, "ps"), " &");
+      } elsif ($main::opt_evince) {
+        RunEvince(TempName($main::next_tmpfile, "pdf"), " &");
+      } elsif ($main::opt_web) {
+        RunWeb(TempName($main::next_tmpfile, "svg"));
+      }
+      $main::next_tmpfile++;
+    }
+    return 1;
+  }
+  if (m/^\s*$/) {
+    return 1;
+  }
+  print STDERR "Unknown command: try 'help'.\n";
+  return 1;
+}
+
+
+sub ProcessProfile {
+  my $total_count = shift;
+  my $orig_profile = shift;
+  my $symbols = shift;
+  my $focus = shift;
+  my $ignore = shift;
+
+  # Process current profile to account for various settings
+  my $profile = $orig_profile;
+  printf("Total: %s %s\n", Unparse($total_count), Units());
+  if ($focus ne '') {
+    $profile = FocusProfile($symbols, $profile, $focus);
+    my $focus_count = TotalProfile($profile);
+    printf("After focusing on '%s': %s %s of %s (%0.1f%%)\n",
+           $focus,
+           Unparse($focus_count), Units(),
+           Unparse($total_count), ($focus_count*100.0) / $total_count);
+  }
+  if ($ignore ne '') {
+    $profile = IgnoreProfile($symbols, $profile, $ignore);
+    my $ignore_count = TotalProfile($profile);
+    printf("After ignoring '%s': %s %s of %s (%0.1f%%)\n",
+           $ignore,
+           Unparse($ignore_count), Units(),
+           Unparse($total_count),
+           ($ignore_count*100.0) / $total_count);
+  }
+
+  return $profile;
+}
+
+sub InteractiveHelpMessage {
+  print STDERR <<ENDOFHELP;
+Interactive pprof mode
+
+Commands:
+  gv
+  gv [focus] [-ignore1] [-ignore2]
+      Show graphical hierarchical display of current profile.  Without
+      any arguments, shows all samples in the profile.  With the optional
+      "focus" argument, restricts the samples shown to just those where
+      the "focus" regular expression matches a routine name on the stack
+      trace.
+
+  web
+  web [focus] [-ignore1] [-ignore2]
+      Like GV, but displays profile in your web browser instead of using
+      Ghostview. Works best if your web browser is already running.
+      To change the browser that gets used:
+      On Linux, set the /etc/alternatives/gnome-www-browser symlink.
+      On OS X, change the Finder association for SVG files.
+
+  list [routine_regexp] [-ignore1] [-ignore2]
+      Show source listing of routines whose names match "routine_regexp"
+
+  weblist [routine_regexp] [-ignore1] [-ignore2]
+     Displays a source listing of routines whose names match "routine_regexp"
+     in a web browser.  You can click on source lines to view the
+     corresponding disassembly.
+
+  top [--cum] [-ignore1] [-ignore2]
+  top20 [--cum] [-ignore1] [-ignore2]
+  top37 [--cum] [-ignore1] [-ignore2]
+      Show top lines ordered by flat profile count, or cumulative count
+      if --cum is specified.  If a number is present after 'top', the
+      top K routines will be shown (defaults to showing the top 10)
+
+  disasm [routine_regexp] [-ignore1] [-ignore2]
+      Show disassembly of routines whose names match "routine_regexp",
+      annotated with sample counts.
+
+  callgrind
+  callgrind [filename]
+      Generates callgrind file. If no filename is given, kcachegrind is called.
+
+  help - This listing
+  quit or ^D - End pprof
+
+For commands that accept optional -ignore tags, samples where any routine in
+the stack trace matches the regular expression in any of the -ignore
+parameters will be ignored.
+
+Further pprof details are available at this location (or one similar):
+
+ /usr/doc/gperftools-$PPROF_VERSION/cpu_profiler.html
+ /usr/doc/gperftools-$PPROF_VERSION/heap_profiler.html
+
+ENDOFHELP
+}
+sub ParseInteractiveArgs {
+  my $args = shift;
+  my $focus = "";
+  my $ignore = "";
+  my @x = split(/ +/, $args);
+  foreach $a (@x) {
+    if ($a =~ m/^(--|-)lines$/) {
+      $main::opt_lines = 1;
+    } elsif ($a =~ m/^(--|-)cum$/) {
+      $main::opt_cum = 1;
+    } elsif ($a =~ m/^-(.*)/) {
+      $ignore .= (($ignore ne "") ? "|" : "" ) . $1;
+    } else {
+      $focus .= (($focus ne "") ? "|" : "" ) . $a;
+    }
+  }
+  if ($ignore ne "") {
+    print STDERR "Ignoring samples in call stacks that match '$ignore'\n";
+  }
+  return ($focus, $ignore);
+}
+
+##### Output code #####
+
+sub TempName {
+  my $fnum = shift;
+  my $ext = shift;
+  my $file = "$main::tmpfile_ps.$fnum.$ext";
+  $main::tempnames{$file} = 1;
+  return $file;
+}
+
+# Print profile data in packed binary format (64-bit) to standard out
+sub PrintProfileData {
+  my $profile = shift;
+
+  # print header (64-bit style)
+  # (zero) (header-size) (version) (sample-period) (zero)
+  print pack('L*', 0, 0, 3, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0);
+
+  foreach my $k (keys(%{$profile})) {
+    my $count = $profile->{$k};
+    my @addrs = split(/\n/, $k);
+    if ($#addrs >= 0) {
+      my $depth = $#addrs + 1;
+      # int(foo / 2**32) is the only reliable way to get rid of bottom
+      # 32 bits on both 32- and 64-bit systems.
+      print pack('L*', $count & 0xFFFFFFFF, int($count / 2**32));
+      print pack('L*', $depth & 0xFFFFFFFF, int($depth / 2**32));
+
+      foreach my $full_addr (@addrs) {
+        my $addr = $full_addr;
+        $addr =~ s/0x0*//;  # strip off leading 0x, zeroes
+        if (length($addr) > 16) {
+          print STDERR "Invalid address in profile: $full_addr\n";
+          next;
+        }
+        my $low_addr = substr($addr, -8);       # get last 8 hex chars
+        my $high_addr = substr($addr, -16, 8);  # get up to 8 more hex chars
+        print pack('L*', hex('0x' . $low_addr), hex('0x' . $high_addr));
+      }
+    }
+  }
+}
+
+# Print symbols and profile data
+sub PrintSymbolizedProfile {
+  my $symbols = shift;
+  my $profile = shift;
+  my $prog = shift;
+
+  $SYMBOL_PAGE =~ m,[^/]+$,;    # matches everything after the last slash
+  my $symbol_marker = $&;
+
+  print '--- ', $symbol_marker, "\n";
+  if (defined($prog)) {
+    print 'binary=', $prog, "\n";
+  }
+  while (my ($pc, $name) = each(%{$symbols})) {
+    my $sep = ' ';
+    print '0x', $pc;
+    # We have a list of function names, which include the inlined
+    # calls.  They are separated (and terminated) by --, which is
+    # illegal in function names.
+    for (my $j = 2; $j <= $#{$name}; $j += 3) {
+      print $sep, $name->[$j];
+      $sep = '--';
+    }
+    print "\n";
+  }
+  print '---', "\n";
+
+  $PROFILE_PAGE =~ m,[^/]+$,;    # matches everything after the last slash
+  my $profile_marker = $&;
+  print '--- ', $profile_marker, "\n";
+  if (defined($main::collected_profile)) {
+    # if used with remote fetch, simply dump the collected profile to output.
+    open(SRC, "<$main::collected_profile");
+    while (<SRC>) {
+      print $_;
+    }
+    close(SRC);
+  } else {
+    # dump a cpu-format profile to standard out
+    PrintProfileData($profile);
+  }
+}
+
+# Print text output
+sub PrintText {
+  my $symbols = shift;
+  my $flat = shift;
+  my $cumulative = shift;
+  my $line_limit = shift;
+
+  my $total = TotalProfile($flat);
+
+  # Which profile to sort by?
+  my $s = $main::opt_cum ? $cumulative : $flat;
+
+  my $running_sum = 0;
+  my $lines = 0;
+  foreach my $k (sort { GetEntry($s, $b) <=> GetEntry($s, $a) || $a cmp $b }
+                 keys(%{$cumulative})) {
+    my $f = GetEntry($flat, $k);
+    my $c = GetEntry($cumulative, $k);
+    $running_sum += $f;
+
+    my $sym = $k;
+    if (exists($symbols->{$k})) {
+      $sym = $symbols->{$k}->[0] . " " . $symbols->{$k}->[1];
+      if ($main::opt_addresses) {
+        $sym = $k . " " . $sym;
+      }
+    }
+
+    if ($f != 0 || $c != 0) {
+      printf("%8s %6s %6s %8s %6s %s\n",
+             Unparse($f),
+             Percent($f, $total),
+             Percent($running_sum, $total),
+             Unparse($c),
+             Percent($c, $total),
+             $sym);
+    }
+    $lines++;
+    last if ($line_limit >= 0 && $lines >= $line_limit);
+  }
+}
+
+# Callgrind format has a compression for repeated function and file
+# names.  You show the name the first time, and just use its number
+# subsequently.  This can cut down the file to about a third or a
+# quarter of its uncompressed size.  $key and $val are the key/value
+# pair that would normally be printed by callgrind; $map is a map from
+# value to number.
+sub CompressedCGName {
+  my($key, $val, $map) = @_;
+  my $idx = $map->{$val};
+  # For very short keys, providing an index hurts rather than helps.
+  if (length($val) <= 3) {
+    return "$key=$val\n";
+  } elsif (defined($idx)) {
+    return "$key=($idx)\n";
+  } else {
+    # scalar(keys $map) gives the number of items in the map.
+    $idx = scalar(keys(%{$map})) + 1;
+    $map->{$val} = $idx;
+    return "$key=($idx) $val\n";
+  }
+}
+
+# Print the call graph in a way that's suiteable for callgrind.
+sub PrintCallgrind {
+  my $calls = shift;
+  my $filename;
+  my %filename_to_index_map;
+  my %fnname_to_index_map;
+
+  if ($main::opt_interactive) {
+    $filename = shift;
+    print STDERR "Writing callgrind file to '$filename'.\n"
+  } else {
+    $filename = "&STDOUT";
+  }
+  open(CG, ">$filename");
+  printf CG ("events: Hits\n\n");
+  foreach my $call ( map { $_->[0] }
+                     sort { $a->[1] cmp $b ->[1] ||
+                            $a->[2] <=> $b->[2] }
+                     map { /([^:]+):(\d+):([^ ]+)( -> ([^:]+):(\d+):(.+))?/;
+                           [$_, $1, $2] }
+                     keys %$calls ) {
+    my $count = int($calls->{$call});
+    $call =~ /([^:]+):(\d+):([^ ]+)( -> ([^:]+):(\d+):(.+))?/;
+    my ( $caller_file, $caller_line, $caller_function,
+         $callee_file, $callee_line, $callee_function ) =
+       ( $1, $2, $3, $5, $6, $7 );
+
+    # TODO(csilvers): for better compression, collect all the
+    # caller/callee_files and functions first, before printing
+    # anything, and only compress those referenced more than once.
+    printf CG CompressedCGName("fl", $caller_file, \%filename_to_index_map);
+    printf CG CompressedCGName("fn", $caller_function, \%fnname_to_index_map);
+    if (defined $6) {
+      printf CG CompressedCGName("cfl", $callee_file, \%filename_to_index_map);
+      printf CG CompressedCGName("cfn", $callee_function, \%fnname_to_index_map);
+      printf CG ("calls=$count $callee_line\n");
+    }
+    printf CG ("$caller_line $count\n\n");
+  }
+}
+
+# Print disassembly for all all routines that match $main::opt_disasm
+sub PrintDisassembly {
+  my $libs = shift;
+  my $flat = shift;
+  my $cumulative = shift;
+  my $disasm_opts = shift;
+
+  my $total = TotalProfile($flat);
+
+  foreach my $lib (@{$libs}) {
+    my $symbol_table = GetProcedureBoundaries($lib->[0], $disasm_opts);
+    my $offset = AddressSub($lib->[1], $lib->[3]);
+    foreach my $routine (sort ByName keys(%{$symbol_table})) {
+      my $start_addr = $symbol_table->{$routine}->[0];
+      my $end_addr = $symbol_table->{$routine}->[1];
+      # See if there are any samples in this routine
+      my $length = hex(AddressSub($end_addr, $start_addr));
+      my $addr = AddressAdd($start_addr, $offset);
+      for (my $i = 0; $i < $length; $i++) {
+        if (defined($cumulative->{$addr})) {
+          PrintDisassembledFunction($lib->[0], $offset,
+                                    $routine, $flat, $cumulative,
+                                    $start_addr, $end_addr, $total);
+          last;
+        }
+        $addr = AddressInc($addr);
+      }
+    }
+  }
+}
+
+# Return reference to array of tuples of the form:
+#       [start_address, filename, linenumber, instruction, limit_address]
+# E.g.,
+#       ["0x806c43d", "/foo/bar.cc", 131, "ret", "0x806c440"]
+sub Disassemble {
+  my $prog = shift;
+  my $offset = shift;
+  my $start_addr = shift;
+  my $end_addr = shift;
+
+  my $objdump = $obj_tool_map{"objdump"};
+  my $cmd = ShellEscape($objdump, "-C", "-d", "-l", "--no-show-raw-insn",
+                        "--start-address=0x$start_addr",
+                        "--stop-address=0x$end_addr", $prog);
+  open(OBJDUMP, "$cmd |") || error("$cmd: $!\n");
+  my @result = ();
+  my $filename = "";
+  my $linenumber = -1;
+  my $last = ["", "", "", ""];
+  while (<OBJDUMP>) {
+    s/\r//g;         # turn windows-looking lines into unix-looking lines
+    chop;
+    if (m|\s*([^:\s]+):(\d+)\s*$|) {
+      # Location line of the form:
+      #   <filename>:<linenumber>
+      $filename = $1;
+      $linenumber = $2;
+    } elsif (m/^ +([0-9a-f]+):\s*(.*)/) {
+      # Disassembly line -- zero-extend address to full length
+      my $addr = HexExtend($1);
+      my $k = AddressAdd($addr, $offset);
+      $last->[4] = $k;   # Store ending address for previous instruction
+      $last = [$k, $filename, $linenumber, $2, $end_addr];
+      push(@result, $last);
+    }
+  }
+  close(OBJDUMP);
+  return @result;
+}
+
+# The input file should contain lines of the form /proc/maps-like
+# output (same format as expected from the profiles) or that looks
+# like hex addresses (like "0xDEADBEEF").  We will parse all
+# /proc/maps output, and for all the hex addresses, we will output
+# "short" symbol names, one per line, in the same order as the input.
+sub PrintSymbols {
+  my $maps_and_symbols_file = shift;
+
+  # ParseLibraries expects pcs to be in a set.  Fine by us...
+  my @pclist = ();   # pcs in sorted order
+  my $pcs = {};
+  my $map = "";
+  foreach my $line (<$maps_and_symbols_file>) {
+    $line =~ s/\r//g;    # turn windows-looking lines into unix-looking lines
+    if ($line =~ /\b(0x[0-9a-f]+)\b/i) {
+      push(@pclist, HexExtend($1));
+      $pcs->{$pclist[-1]} = 1;
+    } else {
+      $map .= $line;
+    }
+  }
+
+  my $libs = ParseLibraries($main::prog, $map, $pcs);
+  my $symbols = ExtractSymbols($libs, $pcs);
+
+  foreach my $pc (@pclist) {
+    # ->[0] is the shortname, ->[2] is the full name
+    print(($symbols->{$pc}->[0] || "??") . "\n");
+  }
+}
+
+
+# For sorting functions by name
+sub ByName {
+  return ShortFunctionName($a) cmp ShortFunctionName($b);
+}
+
+# Print source-listing for all all routines that match $list_opts
+sub PrintListing {
+  my $total = shift;
+  my $libs = shift;
+  my $flat = shift;
+  my $cumulative = shift;
+  my $list_opts = shift;
+  my $html = shift;
+
+  my $output = \*STDOUT;
+  my $fname = "";
+
+  if ($html) {
+    # Arrange to write the output to a temporary file
+    $fname = TempName($main::next_tmpfile, "html");
+    $main::next_tmpfile++;
+    if (!open(TEMP, ">$fname")) {
+      print STDERR "$fname: $!\n";
+      return;
+    }
+    $output = \*TEMP;
+    print $output HtmlListingHeader();
+    printf $output ("<div class=\"legend\">%s<br>Total: %s %s</div>\n",
+                    $main::prog, Unparse($total), Units());
+  }
+
+  my $listed = 0;
+  foreach my $lib (@{$libs}) {
+    my $symbol_table = GetProcedureBoundaries($lib->[0], $list_opts);
+    my $offset = AddressSub($lib->[1], $lib->[3]);
+    foreach my $routine (sort ByName keys(%{$symbol_table})) {
+      # Print if there are any samples in this routine
+      my $start_addr = $symbol_table->{$routine}->[0];
+      my $end_addr = $symbol_table->{$routine}->[1];
+      my $length = hex(AddressSub($end_addr, $start_addr));
+      my $addr = AddressAdd($start_addr, $offset);
+      for (my $i = 0; $i < $length; $i++) {
+        if (defined($cumulative->{$addr})) {
+          $listed += PrintSource(
+            $lib->[0], $offset,
+            $routine, $flat, $cumulative,
+            $start_addr, $end_addr,
+            $html,
+            $output);
+          last;
+        }
+        $addr = AddressInc($addr);
+      }
+    }
+  }
+
+  if ($html) {
+    if ($listed > 0) {
+      print $output HtmlListingFooter();
+      close($output);
+      RunWeb($fname);
+    } else {
+      close($output);
+      unlink($fname);
+    }
+  }
+}
+
+sub HtmlListingHeader {
+  return <<'EOF';
+<DOCTYPE html>
+<html>
+<head>
+<title>Pprof listing</title>
+<style type="text/css">
+body {
+  font-family: sans-serif;
+}
+h1 {
+  font-size: 1.5em;
+  margin-bottom: 4px;
+}
+.legend {
+  font-size: 1.25em;
+}
+.line {
+  color: #aaaaaa;
+}
+.nop {
+  color: #aaaaaa;
+}
+.unimportant {
+  color: #cccccc;
+}
+.disasmloc {
+  color: #000000;
+}
+.deadsrc {
+  cursor: pointer;
+}
+.deadsrc:hover {
+  background-color: #eeeeee;
+}
+.livesrc {
+  color: #0000ff;
+  cursor: pointer;
+}
+.livesrc:hover {
+  background-color: #eeeeee;
+}
+.asm {
+  color: #008800;
+  display: none;
+}
+</style>
+<script type="text/javascript">
+function pprof_toggle_asm(e) {
+  var target;
+  if (!e) e = window.event;
+  if (e.target) target = e.target;
+  else if (e.srcElement) target = e.srcElement;
+
+  if (target) {
+    var asm = target.nextSibling;
+    if (asm && asm.className == "asm") {
+      asm.style.display = (asm.style.display == "block" ? "" : "block");
+      e.preventDefault();
+      return false;
+    }
+  }
+}
+</script>
+</head>
+<body>
+EOF
+}
+
+sub HtmlListingFooter {
+  return <<'EOF';
+</body>
+</html>
+EOF
+}
+
+sub HtmlEscape {
+  my $text = shift;
+  $text =~ s/&/&amp;/g;
+  $text =~ s/</&lt;/g;
+  $text =~ s/>/&gt;/g;
+  return $text;
+}
+
+# Returns the indentation of the line, if it has any non-whitespace
+# characters.  Otherwise, returns -1.
+sub Indentation {
+  my $line = shift;
+  if (m/^(\s*)\S/) {
+    return length($1);
+  } else {
+    return -1;
+  }
+}
+
+# If the symbol table contains inlining info, Disassemble() may tag an
+# instruction with a location inside an inlined function.  But for
+# source listings, we prefer to use the location in the function we
+# are listing.  So use MapToSymbols() to fetch full location
+# information for each instruction and then pick out the first
+# location from a location list (location list contains callers before
+# callees in case of inlining).
+#
+# After this routine has run, each entry in $instructions contains:
+#   [0] start address
+#   [1] filename for function we are listing
+#   [2] line number for function we are listing
+#   [3] disassembly
+#   [4] limit address
+#   [5] most specific filename (may be different from [1] due to inlining)
+#   [6] most specific line number (may be different from [2] due to inlining)
+sub GetTopLevelLineNumbers {
+  my ($lib, $offset, $instructions) = @_;
+  my $pcs = [];
+  for (my $i = 0; $i <= $#{$instructions}; $i++) {
+    push(@{$pcs}, $instructions->[$i]->[0]);
+  }
+  my $symbols = {};
+  MapToSymbols($lib, $offset, $pcs, $symbols);
+  for (my $i = 0; $i <= $#{$instructions}; $i++) {
+    my $e = $instructions->[$i];
+    push(@{$e}, $e->[1]);
+    push(@{$e}, $e->[2]);
+    my $addr = $e->[0];
+    my $sym = $symbols->{$addr};
+    if (defined($sym)) {
+      if ($#{$sym} >= 2 && $sym->[1] =~ m/^(.*):(\d+)$/) {
+        $e->[1] = $1;  # File name
+        $e->[2] = $2;  # Line number
+      }
+    }
+  }
+}
+
+# Print source-listing for one routine
+sub PrintSource {
+  my $prog = shift;
+  my $offset = shift;
+  my $routine = shift;
+  my $flat = shift;
+  my $cumulative = shift;
+  my $start_addr = shift;
+  my $end_addr = shift;
+  my $html = shift;
+  my $output = shift;
+
+  # Disassemble all instructions (just to get line numbers)
+  my @instructions = Disassemble($prog, $offset, $start_addr, $end_addr);
+  GetTopLevelLineNumbers($prog, $offset, \@instructions);
+
+  # Hack 1: assume that the first source file encountered in the
+  # disassembly contains the routine
+  my $filename = undef;
+  for (my $i = 0; $i <= $#instructions; $i++) {
+    if ($instructions[$i]->[2] >= 0) {
+      $filename = $instructions[$i]->[1];
+      last;
+    }
+  }
+  if (!defined($filename)) {
+    print STDERR "no filename found in $routine\n";
+    return 0;
+  }
+
+  # Hack 2: assume that the largest line number from $filename is the
+  # end of the procedure.  This is typically safe since if P1 contains
+  # an inlined call to P2, then P2 usually occurs earlier in the
+  # source file.  If this does not work, we might have to compute a
+  # density profile or just print all regions we find.
+  my $lastline = 0;
+  for (my $i = 0; $i <= $#instructions; $i++) {
+    my $f = $instructions[$i]->[1];
+    my $l = $instructions[$i]->[2];
+    if (($f eq $filename) && ($l > $lastline)) {
+      $lastline = $l;
+    }
+  }
+
+  # Hack 3: assume the first source location from "filename" is the start of
+  # the source code.
+  my $firstline = 1;
+  for (my $i = 0; $i <= $#instructions; $i++) {
+    if ($instructions[$i]->[1] eq $filename) {
+      $firstline = $instructions[$i]->[2];
+      last;
+    }
+  }
+
+  # Hack 4: Extend last line forward until its indentation is less than
+  # the indentation we saw on $firstline
+  my $oldlastline = $lastline;
+  {
+    if (!open(FILE, "<$filename")) {
+      print STDERR "$filename: $!\n";
+      return 0;
+    }
+    my $l = 0;
+    my $first_indentation = -1;
+    while (<FILE>) {
+      s/\r//g;         # turn windows-looking lines into unix-looking lines
+      $l++;
+      my $indent = Indentation($_);
+      if ($l >= $firstline) {
+        if ($first_indentation < 0 && $indent >= 0) {
+          $first_indentation = $indent;
+          last if ($first_indentation == 0);
+        }
+      }
+      if ($l >= $lastline && $indent >= 0) {
+        if ($indent >= $first_indentation) {
+          $lastline = $l+1;
+        } else {
+          last;
+        }
+      }
+    }
+    close(FILE);
+  }
+
+  # Assign all samples to the range $firstline,$lastline,
+  # Hack 4: If an instruction does not occur in the range, its samples
+  # are moved to the next instruction that occurs in the range.
+  my $samples1 = {};        # Map from line number to flat count
+  my $samples2 = {};        # Map from line number to cumulative count
+  my $running1 = 0;         # Unassigned flat counts
+  my $running2 = 0;         # Unassigned cumulative counts
+  my $total1 = 0;           # Total flat counts
+  my $total2 = 0;           # Total cumulative counts
+  my %disasm = ();          # Map from line number to disassembly
+  my $running_disasm = "";  # Unassigned disassembly
+  my $skip_marker = "---\n";
+  if ($html) {
+    $skip_marker = "";
+    for (my $l = $firstline; $l <= $lastline; $l++) {
+      $disasm{$l} = "";
+    }
+  }
+  my $last_dis_filename = '';
+  my $last_dis_linenum = -1;
+  my $last_touched_line = -1;  # To detect gaps in disassembly for a line
+  foreach my $e (@instructions) {
+    # Add up counts for all address that fall inside this instruction
+    my $c1 = 0;
+    my $c2 = 0;
+    for (my $a = $e->[0]; $a lt $e->[4]; $a = AddressInc($a)) {
+      $c1 += GetEntry($flat, $a);
+      $c2 += GetEntry($cumulative, $a);
+    }
+
+    if ($html) {
+      my $dis = sprintf("      %6s %6s \t\t%8s: %s ",
+                        HtmlPrintNumber($c1),
+                        HtmlPrintNumber($c2),
+                        UnparseAddress($offset, $e->[0]),
+                        CleanDisassembly($e->[3]));
+      
+      # Append the most specific source line associated with this instruction
+      if (length($dis) < 80) { $dis .= (' ' x (80 - length($dis))) };
+      $dis = HtmlEscape($dis);
+      my $f = $e->[5];
+      my $l = $e->[6];
+      if ($f ne $last_dis_filename) {
+        $dis .= sprintf("<span class=disasmloc>%s:%d</span>", 
+                        HtmlEscape(CleanFileName($f)), $l);
+      } elsif ($l ne $last_dis_linenum) {
+        # De-emphasize the unchanged file name portion
+        $dis .= sprintf("<span class=unimportant>%s</span>" .
+                        "<span class=disasmloc>:%d</span>", 
+                        HtmlEscape(CleanFileName($f)), $l);
+      } else {
+        # De-emphasize the entire location
+        $dis .= sprintf("<span class=unimportant>%s:%d</span>", 
+                        HtmlEscape(CleanFileName($f)), $l);
+      }
+      $last_dis_filename = $f;
+      $last_dis_linenum = $l;
+      $running_disasm .= $dis;
+      $running_disasm .= "\n";
+    }
+
+    $running1 += $c1;
+    $running2 += $c2;
+    $total1 += $c1;
+    $total2 += $c2;
+    my $file = $e->[1];
+    my $line = $e->[2];
+    if (($file eq $filename) &&
+        ($line >= $firstline) &&
+        ($line <= $lastline)) {
+      # Assign all accumulated samples to this line
+      AddEntry($samples1, $line, $running1);
+      AddEntry($samples2, $line, $running2);
+      $running1 = 0;
+      $running2 = 0;
+      if ($html) {
+        if ($line != $last_touched_line && $disasm{$line} ne '') {
+          $disasm{$line} .= "\n";
+        }
+        $disasm{$line} .= $running_disasm;
+        $running_disasm = '';
+        $last_touched_line = $line;
+      }
+    }
+  }
+
+  # Assign any leftover samples to $lastline
+  AddEntry($samples1, $lastline, $running1);
+  AddEntry($samples2, $lastline, $running2);
+  if ($html) {
+    if ($lastline != $last_touched_line && $disasm{$lastline} ne '') {
+      $disasm{$lastline} .= "\n";
+    }
+    $disasm{$lastline} .= $running_disasm;
+  }
+
+  if ($html) {
+    printf $output (
+      "<h1>%s</h1>%s\n<pre onClick=\"pprof_toggle_asm()\">\n" .
+      "Total:%6s %6s (flat / cumulative %s)\n",
+      HtmlEscape(ShortFunctionName($routine)),
+      HtmlEscape(CleanFileName($filename)),
+      Unparse($total1),
+      Unparse($total2),
+      Units());
+  } else {
+    printf $output (
+      "ROUTINE ====================== %s in %s\n" .
+      "%6s %6s Total %s (flat / cumulative)\n",
+      ShortFunctionName($routine),
+      CleanFileName($filename),
+      Unparse($total1),
+      Unparse($total2),
+      Units());
+  }
+  if (!open(FILE, "<$filename")) {
+    print STDERR "$filename: $!\n";
+    return 0;
+  }
+  my $l = 0;
+  while (<FILE>) {
+    s/\r//g;         # turn windows-looking lines into unix-looking lines
+    $l++;
+    if ($l >= $firstline - 5 &&
+        (($l <= $oldlastline + 5) || ($l <= $lastline))) {
+      chop;
+      my $text = $_;
+      if ($l == $firstline) { print $output $skip_marker; }
+      my $n1 = GetEntry($samples1, $l);
+      my $n2 = GetEntry($samples2, $l);
+      if ($html) {
+        # Emit a span that has one of the following classes:
+        #    livesrc -- has samples
+        #    deadsrc -- has disassembly, but with no samples
+        #    nop     -- has no matching disasembly
+        # Also emit an optional span containing disassembly.
+        my $dis = $disasm{$l};
+        my $asm = "";
+        if (defined($dis) && $dis ne '') {
+          $asm = "<span class=\"asm\">" . $dis . "</span>";
+        }
+        my $source_class = (($n1 + $n2 > 0) 
+                            ? "livesrc" 
+                            : (($asm ne "") ? "deadsrc" : "nop"));
+        printf $output (
+          "<span class=\"line\">%5d</span> " .
+          "<span class=\"%s\">%6s %6s %s</span>%s\n",
+          $l, $source_class,
+          HtmlPrintNumber($n1),
+          HtmlPrintNumber($n2),
+          HtmlEscape($text),
+          $asm);
+      } else {
+        printf $output(
+          "%6s %6s %4d: %s\n",
+          UnparseAlt($n1),
+          UnparseAlt($n2),
+          $l,
+          $text);
+      }
+      if ($l == $lastline)  { print $output $skip_marker; }
+    };
+  }
+  close(FILE);
+  if ($html) {
+    print $output "</pre>\n";
+  }
+  return 1;
+}
+
+# Return the source line for the specified file/linenumber.
+# Returns undef if not found.
+sub SourceLine {
+  my $file = shift;
+  my $line = shift;
+
+  # Look in cache
+  if (!defined($main::source_cache{$file})) {
+    if (100 < scalar keys(%main::source_cache)) {
+      # Clear the cache when it gets too big
+      $main::source_cache = ();
+    }
+
+    # Read all lines from the file
+    if (!open(FILE, "<$file")) {
+      print STDERR "$file: $!\n";
+      $main::source_cache{$file} = [];  # Cache the negative result
+      return undef;
+    }
+    my $lines = [];
+    push(@{$lines}, "");        # So we can use 1-based line numbers as indices
+    while (<FILE>) {
+      push(@{$lines}, $_);
+    }
+    close(FILE);
+
+    # Save the lines in the cache
+    $main::source_cache{$file} = $lines;
+  }
+
+  my $lines = $main::source_cache{$file};
+  if (($line < 0) || ($line > $#{$lines})) {
+    return undef;
+  } else {
+    return $lines->[$line];
+  }
+}
+
+# Print disassembly for one routine with interspersed source if available
+sub PrintDisassembledFunction {
+  my $prog = shift;
+  my $offset = shift;
+  my $routine = shift;
+  my $flat = shift;
+  my $cumulative = shift;
+  my $start_addr = shift;
+  my $end_addr = shift;
+  my $total = shift;
+
+  # Disassemble all instructions
+  my @instructions = Disassemble($prog, $offset, $start_addr, $end_addr);
+
+  # Make array of counts per instruction
+  my @flat_count = ();
+  my @cum_count = ();
+  my $flat_total = 0;
+  my $cum_total = 0;
+  foreach my $e (@instructions) {
+    # Add up counts for all address that fall inside this instruction
+    my $c1 = 0;
+    my $c2 = 0;
+    for (my $a = $e->[0]; $a lt $e->[4]; $a = AddressInc($a)) {
+      $c1 += GetEntry($flat, $a);
+      $c2 += GetEntry($cumulative, $a);
+    }
+    push(@flat_count, $c1);
+    push(@cum_count, $c2);
+    $flat_total += $c1;
+    $cum_total += $c2;
+  }
+
+  # Print header with total counts
+  printf("ROUTINE ====================== %s\n" .
+         "%6s %6s %s (flat, cumulative) %.1f%% of total\n",
+         ShortFunctionName($routine),
+         Unparse($flat_total),
+         Unparse($cum_total),
+         Units(),
+         ($cum_total * 100.0) / $total);
+
+  # Process instructions in order
+  my $current_file = "";
+  for (my $i = 0; $i <= $#instructions; ) {
+    my $e = $instructions[$i];
+
+    # Print the new file name whenever we switch files
+    if ($e->[1] ne $current_file) {
+      $current_file = $e->[1];
+      my $fname = $current_file;
+      $fname =~ s|^\./||;   # Trim leading "./"
+
+      # Shorten long file names
+      if (length($fname) >= 58) {
+        $fname = "..." . substr($fname, -55);
+      }
+      printf("-------------------- %s\n", $fname);
+    }
+
+    # TODO: Compute range of lines to print together to deal with
+    # small reorderings.
+    my $first_line = $e->[2];
+    my $last_line = $first_line;
+    my %flat_sum = ();
+    my %cum_sum = ();
+    for (my $l = $first_line; $l <= $last_line; $l++) {
+      $flat_sum{$l} = 0;
+      $cum_sum{$l} = 0;
+    }
+
+    # Find run of instructions for this range of source lines
+    my $first_inst = $i;
+    while (($i <= $#instructions) &&
+           ($instructions[$i]->[2] >= $first_line) &&
+           ($instructions[$i]->[2] <= $last_line)) {
+      $e = $instructions[$i];
+      $flat_sum{$e->[2]} += $flat_count[$i];
+      $cum_sum{$e->[2]} += $cum_count[$i];
+      $i++;
+    }
+    my $last_inst = $i - 1;
+
+    # Print source lines
+    for (my $l = $first_line; $l <= $last_line; $l++) {
+      my $line = SourceLine($current_file, $l);
+      if (!defined($line)) {
+        $line = "?\n";
+        next;
+      } else {
+        $line =~ s/^\s+//;
+      }
+      printf("%6s %6s %5d: %s",
+             UnparseAlt($flat_sum{$l}),
+             UnparseAlt($cum_sum{$l}),
+             $l,
+             $line);
+    }
+
+    # Print disassembly
+    for (my $x = $first_inst; $x <= $last_inst; $x++) {
+      my $e = $instructions[$x];
+      printf("%6s %6s    %8s: %6s\n",
+             UnparseAlt($flat_count[$x]),
+             UnparseAlt($cum_count[$x]),
+             UnparseAddress($offset, $e->[0]),
+             CleanDisassembly($e->[3]));
+    }
+  }
+}
+
+# Print DOT graph
+sub PrintDot {
+  my $prog = shift;
+  my $symbols = shift;
+  my $raw = shift;
+  my $flat = shift;
+  my $cumulative = shift;
+  my $overall_total = shift;
+
+  # Get total
+  my $local_total = TotalProfile($flat);
+  my $nodelimit = int($main::opt_nodefraction * $local_total);
+  my $edgelimit = int($main::opt_edgefraction * $local_total);
+  my $nodecount = $main::opt_nodecount;
+
+  # Find nodes to include
+  my @list = (sort { abs(GetEntry($cumulative, $b)) <=>
+                     abs(GetEntry($cumulative, $a))
+                     || $a cmp $b }
+              keys(%{$cumulative}));
+  my $last = $nodecount - 1;
+  if ($last > $#list) {
+    $last = $#list;
+  }
+  while (($last >= 0) &&
+         (abs(GetEntry($cumulative, $list[$last])) <= $nodelimit)) {
+    $last--;
+  }
+  if ($last < 0) {
+    print STDERR "No nodes to print\n";
+    return 0;
+  }
+
+  if ($nodelimit > 0 || $edgelimit > 0) {
+    printf STDERR ("Dropping nodes with <= %s %s; edges with <= %s abs(%s)\n",
+                   Unparse($nodelimit), Units(),
+                   Unparse($edgelimit), Units());
+  }
+
+  # Open DOT output file
+  my $output;
+  my $escaped_dot = ShellEscape(@DOT);
+  my $escaped_ps2pdf = ShellEscape(@PS2PDF);
+  if ($main::opt_gv) {
+    my $escaped_outfile = ShellEscape(TempName($main::next_tmpfile, "ps"));
+    $output = "| $escaped_dot -Tps2 >$escaped_outfile";
+  } elsif ($main::opt_evince) {
+    my $escaped_outfile = ShellEscape(TempName($main::next_tmpfile, "pdf"));
+    $output = "| $escaped_dot -Tps2 | $escaped_ps2pdf - $escaped_outfile";
+  } elsif ($main::opt_ps) {
+    $output = "| $escaped_dot -Tps2";
+  } elsif ($main::opt_pdf) {
+    $output = "| $escaped_dot -Tps2 | $escaped_ps2pdf - -";
+  } elsif ($main::opt_web || $main::opt_svg) {
+    # We need to post-process the SVG, so write to a temporary file always.
+    my $escaped_outfile = ShellEscape(TempName($main::next_tmpfile, "svg"));
+    $output = "| $escaped_dot -Tsvg >$escaped_outfile";
+  } elsif ($main::opt_gif) {
+    $output = "| $escaped_dot -Tgif";
+  } else {
+    $output = ">&STDOUT";
+  }
+  open(DOT, $output) || error("$output: $!\n");
+
+  # Title
+  printf DOT ("digraph \"%s; %s %s\" {\n",
+              $prog,
+              Unparse($overall_total),
+              Units());
+  if ($main::opt_pdf) {
+    # The output is more printable if we set the page size for dot.
+    printf DOT ("size=\"8,11\"\n");
+  }
+  printf DOT ("node [width=0.375,height=0.25];\n");
+
+  # Print legend
+  printf DOT ("Legend [shape=box,fontsize=24,shape=plaintext," .
+              "label=\"%s\\l%s\\l%s\\l%s\\l%s\\l\"];\n",
+              $prog,
+              sprintf("Total %s: %s", Units(), Unparse($overall_total)),
+              sprintf("Focusing on: %s", Unparse($local_total)),
+              sprintf("Dropped nodes with <= %s abs(%s)",
+                      Unparse($nodelimit), Units()),
+              sprintf("Dropped edges with <= %s %s",
+                      Unparse($edgelimit), Units())
+              );
+
+  # Print nodes
+  my %node = ();
+  my $nextnode = 1;
+  foreach my $a (@list[0..$last]) {
+    # Pick font size
+    my $f = GetEntry($flat, $a);
+    my $c = GetEntry($cumulative, $a);
+
+    my $fs = 8;
+    if ($local_total > 0) {
+      $fs = 8 + (50.0 * sqrt(abs($f * 1.0 / $local_total)));
+    }
+
+    $node{$a} = $nextnode++;
+    my $sym = $a;
+    $sym =~ s/\s+/\\n/g;
+    $sym =~ s/::/\\n/g;
+
+    # Extra cumulative info to print for non-leaves
+    my $extra = "";
+    if ($f != $c) {
+      $extra = sprintf("\\rof %s (%s)",
+                       Unparse($c),
+                       Percent($c, $local_total));
+    }
+    my $style = "";
+    if ($main::opt_heapcheck) {
+      if ($f > 0) {
+        # make leak-causing nodes more visible (add a background)
+        $style = ",style=filled,fillcolor=gray"
+      } elsif ($f < 0) {
+        # make anti-leak-causing nodes (which almost never occur)
+        # stand out as well (triple border)
+        $style = ",peripheries=3"
+      }
+    }
+
+    printf DOT ("N%d [label=\"%s\\n%s (%s)%s\\r" .
+                "\",shape=box,fontsize=%.1f%s];\n",
+                $node{$a},
+                $sym,
+                Unparse($f),
+                Percent($f, $local_total),
+                $extra,
+                $fs,
+                $style,
+               );
+  }
+
+  # Get edges and counts per edge
+  my %edge = ();
+  my $n;
+  my $fullname_to_shortname_map = {};
+  FillFullnameToShortnameMap($symbols, $fullname_to_shortname_map);
+  foreach my $k (keys(%{$raw})) {
+    # TODO: omit low %age edges
+    $n = $raw->{$k};
+    my @translated = TranslateStack($symbols, $fullname_to_shortname_map, $k);
+    for (my $i = 1; $i <= $#translated; $i++) {
+      my $src = $translated[$i];
+      my $dst = $translated[$i-1];
+      #next if ($src eq $dst);  # Avoid self-edges?
+      if (exists($node{$src}) && exists($node{$dst})) {
+        my $edge_label = "$src\001$dst";
+        if (!exists($edge{$edge_label})) {
+          $edge{$edge_label} = 0;
+        }
+        $edge{$edge_label} += $n;
+      }
+    }
+  }
+
+  # Print edges (process in order of decreasing counts)
+  my %indegree = ();   # Number of incoming edges added per node so far
+  my %outdegree = ();  # Number of outgoing edges added per node so far
+  foreach my $e (sort { $edge{$b} <=> $edge{$a} } keys(%edge)) {
+    my @x = split(/\001/, $e);
+    $n = $edge{$e};
+
+    # Initialize degree of kept incoming and outgoing edges if necessary
+    my $src = $x[0];
+    my $dst = $x[1];
+    if (!exists($outdegree{$src})) { $outdegree{$src} = 0; }
+    if (!exists($indegree{$dst})) { $indegree{$dst} = 0; }
+
+    my $keep;
+    if ($indegree{$dst} == 0) {
+      # Keep edge if needed for reachability
+      $keep = 1;
+    } elsif (abs($n) <= $edgelimit) {
+      # Drop if we are below --edgefraction
+      $keep = 0;
+    } elsif ($outdegree{$src} >= $main::opt_maxdegree ||
+             $indegree{$dst} >= $main::opt_maxdegree) {
+      # Keep limited number of in/out edges per node
+      $keep = 0;
+    } else {
+      $keep = 1;
+    }
+
+    if ($keep) {
+      $outdegree{$src}++;
+      $indegree{$dst}++;
+
+      # Compute line width based on edge count
+      my $fraction = abs($local_total ? (3 * ($n / $local_total)) : 0);
+      if ($fraction > 1) { $fraction = 1; }
+      my $w = $fraction * 2;
+      if ($w < 1 && ($main::opt_web || $main::opt_svg)) {
+        # SVG output treats line widths < 1 poorly.
+        $w = 1;
+      }
+
+      # Dot sometimes segfaults if given edge weights that are too large, so
+      # we cap the weights at a large value
+      my $edgeweight = abs($n) ** 0.7;
+      if ($edgeweight > 100000) { $edgeweight = 100000; }
+      $edgeweight = int($edgeweight);
+
+      my $style = sprintf("setlinewidth(%f)", $w);
+      if ($x[1] =~ m/\(inline\)/) {
+        $style .= ",dashed";
+      }
+
+      # Use a slightly squashed function of the edge count as the weight
+      printf DOT ("N%s -> N%s [label=%s, weight=%d, style=\"%s\"];\n",
+                  $node{$x[0]},
+                  $node{$x[1]},
+                  Unparse($n),
+                  $edgeweight,
+                  $style);
+    }
+  }
+
+  print DOT ("}\n");
+  close(DOT);
+
+  if ($main::opt_web || $main::opt_svg) {
+    # Rewrite SVG to be more usable inside web browser.
+    RewriteSvg(TempName($main::next_tmpfile, "svg"));
+  }
+
+  return 1;
+}
+
+sub RewriteSvg {
+  my $svgfile = shift;
+
+  open(SVG, $svgfile) || die "open temp svg: $!";
+  my @svg = <SVG>;
+  close(SVG);
+  unlink $svgfile;
+  my $svg = join('', @svg);
+
+  # Dot's SVG output is
+  #
+  #    <svg width="___" height="___"
+  #     viewBox="___" xmlns=...>
+  #    <g id="graph0" transform="...">
+  #    ...
+  #    </g>
+  #    </svg>
+  #
+  # Change it to
+  #
+  #    <svg width="100%" height="100%"
+  #     xmlns=...>
+  #    $svg_javascript
+  #    <g id="viewport" transform="translate(0,0)">
+  #    <g id="graph0" transform="...">
+  #    ...
+  #    </g>
+  #    </g>
+  #    </svg>
+
+  # Fix width, height; drop viewBox.
+  $svg =~ s/(?s)<svg width="[^"]+" height="[^"]+"(.*?)viewBox="[^"]+"/<svg width="100%" height="100%"$1/;
+
+  # Insert script, viewport <g> above first <g>
+  my $svg_javascript = SvgJavascript();
+  my $viewport = "<g id=\"viewport\" transform=\"translate(0,0)\">\n";
+  $svg =~ s/<g id="graph\d"/$svg_javascript$viewport$&/;
+
+  # Insert final </g> above </svg>.
+  $svg =~ s/(.*)(<\/svg>)/$1<\/g>$2/;
+  $svg =~ s/<g id="graph\d"(.*?)/<g id="viewport"$1/;
+
+  if ($main::opt_svg) {
+    # --svg: write to standard output.
+    print $svg;
+  } else {
+    # Write back to temporary file.
+    open(SVG, ">$svgfile") || die "open $svgfile: $!";
+    print SVG $svg;
+    close(SVG);
+  }
+}
+
+sub SvgJavascript {
+  return <<'EOF';
+<script type="text/ecmascript"><![CDATA[
+// SVGPan
+// http://www.cyberz.org/blog/2009/12/08/svgpan-a-javascript-svg-panzoomdrag-library/
+// Local modification: if(true || ...) below to force panning, never moving.
+
+/**
+ *  SVGPan library 1.2
+ * ====================
+ *
+ * Given an unique existing element with id "viewport", including the
+ * the library into any SVG adds the following capabilities:
+ *
+ *  - Mouse panning
+ *  - Mouse zooming (using the wheel)
+ *  - Object dargging
+ *
+ * Known issues:
+ *
+ *  - Zooming (while panning) on Safari has still some issues
+ *
+ * Releases:
+ *
+ * 1.2, Sat Mar 20 08:42:50 GMT 2010, Zeng Xiaohui
+ *	Fixed a bug with browser mouse handler interaction
+ *
+ * 1.1, Wed Feb  3 17:39:33 GMT 2010, Zeng Xiaohui
+ *	Updated the zoom code to support the mouse wheel on Safari/Chrome
+ *
+ * 1.0, Andrea Leofreddi
+ *	First release
+ *
+ * This code is licensed under the following BSD license:
+ *
+ * Copyright 2009-2010 Andrea Leofreddi <a.leofreddi@itcharm.com>. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are
+ * permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
+ *
+ *    1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of
+ *       conditions and the following disclaimer.
+ *
+ *    2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list
+ *       of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials
+ *       provided with the distribution.
+ *
+ * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY Andrea Leofreddi ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
+ * WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL Andrea Leofreddi OR
+ * CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
+ * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR
+ * SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON
+ * ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING
+ * NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF
+ * ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+ *
+ * The views and conclusions contained in the software and documentation are those of the
+ * authors and should not be interpreted as representing official policies, either expressed
+ * or implied, of Andrea Leofreddi.
+ */
+
+var root = document.documentElement;
+
+var state = 'none', stateTarget, stateOrigin, stateTf;
+
+setupHandlers(root);
+
+/**
+ * Register handlers
+ */
+function setupHandlers(root){
+	setAttributes(root, {
+		"onmouseup" : "add(evt)",
+		"onmousedown" : "handleMouseDown(evt)",
+		"onmousemove" : "handleMouseMove(evt)",
+		"onmouseup" : "handleMouseUp(evt)",
+		//"onmouseout" : "handleMouseUp(evt)", // Decomment this to stop the pan functionality when dragging out of the SVG element
+	});
+
+	if(navigator.userAgent.toLowerCase().indexOf('webkit') >= 0)
+		window.addEventListener('mousewheel', handleMouseWheel, false); // Chrome/Safari
+	else
+		window.addEventListener('DOMMouseScroll', handleMouseWheel, false); // Others
+
+	var g = svgDoc.getElementById("svg");
+	g.width = "100%";
+	g.height = "100%";
+}
+
+/**
+ * Instance an SVGPoint object with given event coordinates.
+ */
+function getEventPoint(evt) {
+	var p = root.createSVGPoint();
+
+	p.x = evt.clientX;
+	p.y = evt.clientY;
+
+	return p;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Sets the current transform matrix of an element.
+ */
+function setCTM(element, matrix) {
+	var s = "matrix(" + matrix.a + "," + matrix.b + "," + matrix.c + "," + matrix.d + "," + matrix.e + "," + matrix.f + ")";
+
+	element.setAttribute("transform", s);
+}
+
+/**
+ * Dumps a matrix to a string (useful for debug).
+ */
+function dumpMatrix(matrix) {
+	var s = "[ " + matrix.a + ", " + matrix.c + ", " + matrix.e + "\n  " + matrix.b + ", " + matrix.d + ", " + matrix.f + "\n  0, 0, 1 ]";
+
+	return s;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Sets attributes of an element.
+ */
+function setAttributes(element, attributes){
+	for (i in attributes)
+		element.setAttributeNS(null, i, attributes[i]);
+}
+
+/**
+ * Handle mouse move event.
+ */
+function handleMouseWheel(evt) {
+	if(evt.preventDefault)
+		evt.preventDefault();
+
+	evt.returnValue = false;
+
+	var svgDoc = evt.target.ownerDocument;
+
+	var delta;
+
+	if(evt.wheelDelta)
+		delta = evt.wheelDelta / 3600; // Chrome/Safari
+	else
+		delta = evt.detail / -90; // Mozilla
+
+	var z = 1 + delta; // Zoom factor: 0.9/1.1
+
+	var g = svgDoc.getElementById("viewport");
+
+	var p = getEventPoint(evt);
+
+	p = p.matrixTransform(g.getCTM().inverse());
+
+	// Compute new scale matrix in current mouse position
+	var k = root.createSVGMatrix().translate(p.x, p.y).scale(z).translate(-p.x, -p.y);
+
+        setCTM(g, g.getCTM().multiply(k));
+
+	stateTf = stateTf.multiply(k.inverse());
+}
+
+/**
+ * Handle mouse move event.
+ */
+function handleMouseMove(evt) {
+	if(evt.preventDefault)
+		evt.preventDefault();
+
+	evt.returnValue = false;
+
+	var svgDoc = evt.target.ownerDocument;
+
+	var g = svgDoc.getElementById("viewport");
+
+	if(state == 'pan') {
+		// Pan mode
+		var p = getEventPoint(evt).matrixTransform(stateTf);
+
+		setCTM(g, stateTf.inverse().translate(p.x - stateOrigin.x, p.y - stateOrigin.y));
+	} else if(state == 'move') {
+		// Move mode
+		var p = getEventPoint(evt).matrixTransform(g.getCTM().inverse());
+
+		setCTM(stateTarget, root.createSVGMatrix().translate(p.x - stateOrigin.x, p.y - stateOrigin.y).multiply(g.getCTM().inverse()).multiply(stateTarget.getCTM()));
+
+		stateOrigin = p;
+	}
+}
+
+/**
+ * Handle click event.
+ */
+function handleMouseDown(evt) {
+	if(evt.preventDefault)
+		evt.preventDefault();
+
+	evt.returnValue = false;
+
+	var svgDoc = evt.target.ownerDocument;
+
+	var g = svgDoc.getElementById("viewport");
+
+	if(true || evt.target.tagName == "svg") {
+		// Pan mode
+		state = 'pan';
+
+		stateTf = g.getCTM().inverse();
+
+		stateOrigin = getEventPoint(evt).matrixTransform(stateTf);
+	} else {
+		// Move mode
+		state = 'move';
+
+		stateTarget = evt.target;
+
+		stateTf = g.getCTM().inverse();
+
+		stateOrigin = getEventPoint(evt).matrixTransform(stateTf);
+	}
+}
+
+/**
+ * Handle mouse button release event.
+ */
+function handleMouseUp(evt) {
+	if(evt.preventDefault)
+		evt.preventDefault();
+
+	evt.returnValue = false;
+
+	var svgDoc = evt.target.ownerDocument;
+
+	if(state == 'pan' || state == 'move') {
+		// Quit pan mode
+		state = '';
+	}
+}
+
+]]></script>
+EOF
+}
+
+# Provides a map from fullname to shortname for cases where the
+# shortname is ambiguous.  The symlist has both the fullname and
+# shortname for all symbols, which is usually fine, but sometimes --
+# such as overloaded functions -- two different fullnames can map to
+# the same shortname.  In that case, we use the address of the
+# function to disambiguate the two.  This function fills in a map that
+# maps fullnames to modified shortnames in such cases.  If a fullname
+# is not present in the map, the 'normal' shortname provided by the
+# symlist is the appropriate one to use.
+sub FillFullnameToShortnameMap {
+  my $symbols = shift;
+  my $fullname_to_shortname_map = shift;
+  my $shortnames_seen_once = {};
+  my $shortnames_seen_more_than_once = {};
+
+  foreach my $symlist (values(%{$symbols})) {
+    # TODO(csilvers): deal with inlined symbols too.
+    my $shortname = $symlist->[0];
+    my $fullname = $symlist->[2];
+    if ($fullname !~ /<[0-9a-fA-F]+>$/) {  # fullname doesn't end in an address
+      next;       # the only collisions we care about are when addresses differ
+    }
+    if (defined($shortnames_seen_once->{$shortname}) &&
+        $shortnames_seen_once->{$shortname} ne $fullname) {
+      $shortnames_seen_more_than_once->{$shortname} = 1;
+    } else {
+      $shortnames_seen_once->{$shortname} = $fullname;
+    }
+  }
+
+  foreach my $symlist (values(%{$symbols})) {
+    my $shortname = $symlist->[0];
+    my $fullname = $symlist->[2];
+    # TODO(csilvers): take in a list of addresses we care about, and only
+    # store in the map if $symlist->[1] is in that list.  Saves space.
+    next if defined($fullname_to_shortname_map->{$fullname});
+    if (defined($shortnames_seen_more_than_once->{$shortname})) {
+      if ($fullname =~ /<0*([^>]*)>$/) {   # fullname has address at end of it
+        $fullname_to_shortname_map->{$fullname} = "$shortname\@$1";
+      }
+    }
+  }
+}
+
+# Return a small number that identifies the argument.
+# Multiple calls with the same argument will return the same number.
+# Calls with different arguments will return different numbers.
+sub ShortIdFor {
+  my $key = shift;
+  my $id = $main::uniqueid{$key};
+  if (!defined($id)) {
+    $id = keys(%main::uniqueid) + 1;
+    $main::uniqueid{$key} = $id;
+  }
+  return $id;
+}
+
+# Translate a stack of addresses into a stack of symbols
+sub TranslateStack {
+  my $symbols = shift;
+  my $fullname_to_shortname_map = shift;
+  my $k = shift;
+
+  my @addrs = split(/\n/, $k);
+  my @result = ();
+  for (my $i = 0; $i <= $#addrs; $i++) {
+    my $a = $addrs[$i];
+
+    # Skip large addresses since they sometimes show up as fake entries on RH9
+    if (length($a) > 8 && $a gt "7fffffffffffffff") {
+      next;
+    }
+
+    if ($main::opt_disasm || $main::opt_list) {
+      # We want just the address for the key
+      push(@result, $a);
+      next;
+    }
+
+    my $symlist = $symbols->{$a};
+    if (!defined($symlist)) {
+      $symlist = [$a, "", $a];
+    }
+
+    # We can have a sequence of symbols for a particular entry
+    # (more than one symbol in the case of inlining).  Callers
+    # come before callees in symlist, so walk backwards since
+    # the translated stack should contain callees before callers.
+    for (my $j = $#{$symlist}; $j >= 2; $j -= 3) {
+      my $func = $symlist->[$j-2];
+      my $fileline = $symlist->[$j-1];
+      my $fullfunc = $symlist->[$j];
+      if (defined($fullname_to_shortname_map->{$fullfunc})) {
+        $func = $fullname_to_shortname_map->{$fullfunc};
+      }
+      if ($j > 2) {
+        $func = "$func (inline)";
+      }
+
+      # Do not merge nodes corresponding to Callback::Run since that
+      # causes confusing cycles in dot display.  Instead, we synthesize
+      # a unique name for this frame per caller.
+      if ($func =~ m/Callback.*::Run$/) {
+        my $caller = ($i > 0) ? $addrs[$i-1] : 0;
+        $func = "Run#" . ShortIdFor($caller);
+      }
+
+      if ($main::opt_addresses) {
+        push(@result, "$a $func $fileline");
+      } elsif ($main::opt_lines) {
+        if ($func eq '??' && $fileline eq '??:0') {
+          push(@result, "$a");
+        } else {
+          push(@result, "$func $fileline");
+        }
+      } elsif ($main::opt_functions) {
+        if ($func eq '??') {
+          push(@result, "$a");
+        } else {
+          push(@result, $func);
+        }
+      } elsif ($main::opt_files) {
+        if ($fileline eq '??:0' || $fileline eq '') {
+          push(@result, "$a");
+        } else {
+          my $f = $fileline;
+          $f =~ s/:\d+$//;
+          push(@result, $f);
+        }
+      } else {
+        push(@result, $a);
+        last;  # Do not print inlined info
+      }
+    }
+  }
+
+  # print join(",", @addrs), " => ", join(",", @result), "\n";
+  return @result;
+}
+
+# Generate percent string for a number and a total
+sub Percent {
+  my $num = shift;
+  my $tot = shift;
+  if ($tot != 0) {
+    return sprintf("%.1f%%", $num * 100.0 / $tot);
+  } else {
+    return ($num == 0) ? "nan" : (($num > 0) ? "+inf" : "-inf");
+  }
+}
+
+# Generate pretty-printed form of number
+sub Unparse {
+  my $num = shift;
+  if ($main::profile_type eq 'heap' || $main::profile_type eq 'growth') {
+    if ($main::opt_inuse_objects || $main::opt_alloc_objects) {
+      return sprintf("%d", $num);
+    } else {
+      if ($main::opt_show_bytes) {
+        return sprintf("%d", $num);
+      } else {
+        return sprintf("%.1f", $num / 1048576.0);
+      }
+    }
+  } elsif ($main::profile_type eq 'contention' && !$main::opt_contentions) {
+    return sprintf("%.3f", $num / 1e9); # Convert nanoseconds to seconds
+  } else {
+    return sprintf("%d", $num);
+  }
+}
+
+# Alternate pretty-printed form: 0 maps to "."
+sub UnparseAlt {
+  my $num = shift;
+  if ($num == 0) {
+    return ".";
+  } else {
+    return Unparse($num);
+  }
+}
+
+# Alternate pretty-printed form: 0 maps to ""
+sub HtmlPrintNumber {
+  my $num = shift;
+  if ($num == 0) {
+    return "";
+  } else {
+    return Unparse($num);
+  }
+}
+
+# Return output units
+sub Units {
+  if ($main::profile_type eq 'heap' || $main::profile_type eq 'growth') {
+    if ($main::opt_inuse_objects || $main::opt_alloc_objects) {
+      return "objects";
+    } else {
+      if ($main::opt_show_bytes) {
+        return "B";
+      } else {
+        return "MB";
+      }
+    }
+  } elsif ($main::profile_type eq 'contention' && !$main::opt_contentions) {
+    return "seconds";
+  } else {
+    return "samples";
+  }
+}
+
+##### Profile manipulation code #####
+
+# Generate flattened profile:
+# If count is charged to stack [a,b,c,d], in generated profile,
+# it will be charged to [a]
+sub FlatProfile {
+  my $profile = shift;
+  my $result = {};
+  foreach my $k (keys(%{$profile})) {
+    my $count = $profile->{$k};
+    my @addrs = split(/\n/, $k);
+    if ($#addrs >= 0) {
+      AddEntry($result, $addrs[0], $count);
+    }
+  }
+  return $result;
+}
+
+# Generate cumulative profile:
+# If count is charged to stack [a,b,c,d], in generated profile,
+# it will be charged to [a], [b], [c], [d]
+sub CumulativeProfile {
+  my $profile = shift;
+  my $result = {};
+  foreach my $k (keys(%{$profile})) {
+    my $count = $profile->{$k};
+    my @addrs = split(/\n/, $k);
+    foreach my $a (@addrs) {
+      AddEntry($result, $a, $count);
+    }
+  }
+  return $result;
+}
+
+# If the second-youngest PC on the stack is always the same, returns
+# that pc.  Otherwise, returns undef.
+sub IsSecondPcAlwaysTheSame {
+  my $profile = shift;
+
+  my $second_pc = undef;
+  foreach my $k (keys(%{$profile})) {
+    my @addrs = split(/\n/, $k);
+    if ($#addrs < 1) {
+      return undef;
+    }
+    if (not defined $second_pc) {
+      $second_pc = $addrs[1];
+    } else {
+      if ($second_pc ne $addrs[1]) {
+        return undef;
+      }
+    }
+  }
+  return $second_pc;
+}
+
+sub ExtractSymbolLocation {
+  my $symbols = shift;
+  my $address = shift;
+  # 'addr2line' outputs "??:0" for unknown locations; we do the
+  # same to be consistent.
+  my $location = "??:0:unknown";
+  if (exists $symbols->{$address}) {
+    my $file = $symbols->{$address}->[1];
+    if ($file eq "?") {
+      $file = "??:0"
+    }
+    $location = $file . ":" . $symbols->{$address}->[0];
+  }
+  return $location;
+}
+
+# Extracts a graph of calls.
+sub ExtractCalls {
+  my $symbols = shift;
+  my $profile = shift;
+
+  my $calls = {};
+  while( my ($stack_trace, $count) = each %$profile ) {
+    my @address = split(/\n/, $stack_trace);
+    my $destination = ExtractSymbolLocation($symbols, $address[0]);
+    AddEntry($calls, $destination, $count);
+    for (my $i = 1; $i <= $#address; $i++) {
+      my $source = ExtractSymbolLocation($symbols, $address[$i]);
+      my $call = "$source -> $destination";
+      AddEntry($calls, $call, $count);
+      $destination = $source;
+    }
+  }
+
+  return $calls;
+}
+
+sub RemoveUninterestingFrames {
+  my $symbols = shift;
+  my $profile = shift;
+
+  # List of function names to skip
+  my %skip = ();
+  my $skip_regexp = 'NOMATCH';
+  if ($main::profile_type eq 'heap' || $main::profile_type eq 'growth') {
+    foreach my $name ('calloc',
+                      'cfree',
+                      'malloc',
+                      'free',
+                      'memalign',
+                      'posix_memalign',
+                      'pvalloc',
+                      'valloc',
+                      'realloc',
+                      'tc_calloc',
+                      'tc_cfree',
+                      'tc_malloc',
+                      'tc_free',
+                      'tc_memalign',
+                      'tc_posix_memalign',
+                      'tc_pvalloc',
+                      'tc_valloc',
+                      'tc_realloc',
+                      'tc_new',
+                      'tc_delete',
+                      'tc_newarray',
+                      'tc_deletearray',
+                      'tc_new_nothrow',
+                      'tc_newarray_nothrow',
+                      'do_malloc',
+                      '::do_malloc',   # new name -- got moved to an unnamed ns
+                      '::do_malloc_or_cpp_alloc',
+                      'DoSampledAllocation',
+                      'simple_alloc::allocate',
+                      '__malloc_alloc_template::allocate',
+                      '__builtin_delete',
+                      '__builtin_new',
+                      '__builtin_vec_delete',
+                      '__builtin_vec_new',
+                      'operator new',
+                      'operator new[]',
+                      # The entry to our memory-allocation routines on OS X
+                      'malloc_zone_malloc',
+                      'malloc_zone_calloc',
+                      'malloc_zone_valloc',
+                      'malloc_zone_realloc',
+                      'malloc_zone_memalign',
+                      'malloc_zone_free',
+                      # These mark the beginning/end of our custom sections
+                      '__start_google_malloc',
+                      '__stop_google_malloc',
+                      '__start_malloc_hook',
+                      '__stop_malloc_hook') {
+      $skip{$name} = 1;
+      $skip{"_" . $name} = 1;   # Mach (OS X) adds a _ prefix to everything
+    }
+    # TODO: Remove TCMalloc once everything has been
+    # moved into the tcmalloc:: namespace and we have flushed
+    # old code out of the system.
+    $skip_regexp = "TCMalloc|^tcmalloc::";
+  } elsif ($main::profile_type eq 'contention') {
+    foreach my $vname ('base::RecordLockProfileData',
+                       'base::SubmitMutexProfileData',
+                       'base::SubmitSpinLockProfileData',
+                       'Mutex::Unlock',
+                       'Mutex::UnlockSlow',
+                       'Mutex::ReaderUnlock',
+                       'MutexLock::~MutexLock',
+                       'SpinLock::Unlock',
+                       'SpinLock::SlowUnlock',
+                       'SpinLockHolder::~SpinLockHolder') {
+      $skip{$vname} = 1;
+    }
+  } elsif ($main::profile_type eq 'cpu') {
+    # Drop signal handlers used for CPU profile collection
+    # TODO(dpeng): this should not be necessary; it's taken
+    # care of by the general 2nd-pc mechanism below.
+    foreach my $name ('ProfileData::Add',           # historical
+                      'ProfileData::prof_handler',  # historical
+                      'CpuProfiler::prof_handler',
+                      '__FRAME_END__',
+                      '__pthread_sighandler',
+                      '__restore') {
+      $skip{$name} = 1;
+    }
+  } else {
+    # Nothing skipped for unknown types
+  }
+
+  if ($main::profile_type eq 'cpu') {
+    # If all the second-youngest program counters are the same,
+    # this STRONGLY suggests that it is an artifact of measurement,
+    # i.e., stack frames pushed by the CPU profiler signal handler.
+    # Hence, we delete them.
+    # (The topmost PC is read from the signal structure, not from
+    # the stack, so it does not get involved.)
+    while (my $second_pc = IsSecondPcAlwaysTheSame($profile)) {
+      my $result = {};
+      my $func = '';
+      if (exists($symbols->{$second_pc})) {
+        $second_pc = $symbols->{$second_pc}->[0];
+      }
+      print STDERR "Removing $second_pc from all stack traces.\n";
+      foreach my $k (keys(%{$profile})) {
+        my $count = $profile->{$k};
+        my @addrs = split(/\n/, $k);
+        splice @addrs, 1, 1;
+        my $reduced_path = join("\n", @addrs);
+        AddEntry($result, $reduced_path, $count);
+      }
+      $profile = $result;
+    }
+  }
+
+  my $result = {};
+  foreach my $k (keys(%{$profile})) {
+    my $count = $profile->{$k};
+    my @addrs = split(/\n/, $k);
+    my @path = ();
+    foreach my $a (@addrs) {
+      if (exists($symbols->{$a})) {
+        my $func = $symbols->{$a}->[0];
+        if ($skip{$func} || ($func =~ m/$skip_regexp/)) {
+          next;
+        }
+      }
+      push(@path, $a);
+    }
+    my $reduced_path = join("\n", @path);
+    AddEntry($result, $reduced_path, $count);
+  }
+  return $result;
+}
+
+# Reduce profile to granularity given by user
+sub ReduceProfile {
+  my $symbols = shift;
+  my $profile = shift;
+  my $result = {};
+  my $fullname_to_shortname_map = {};
+  FillFullnameToShortnameMap($symbols, $fullname_to_shortname_map);
+  foreach my $k (keys(%{$profile})) {
+    my $count = $profile->{$k};
+    my @translated = TranslateStack($symbols, $fullname_to_shortname_map, $k);
+    my @path = ();
+    my %seen = ();
+    $seen{''} = 1;      # So that empty keys are skipped
+    foreach my $e (@translated) {
+      # To avoid double-counting due to recursion, skip a stack-trace
+      # entry if it has already been seen
+      if (!$seen{$e}) {
+        $seen{$e} = 1;
+        push(@path, $e);
+      }
+    }
+    my $reduced_path = join("\n", @path);
+    AddEntry($result, $reduced_path, $count);
+  }
+  return $result;
+}
+
+# Does the specified symbol array match the regexp?
+sub SymbolMatches {
+  my $sym = shift;
+  my $re = shift;
+  if (defined($sym)) {
+    for (my $i = 0; $i < $#{$sym}; $i += 3) {
+      if ($sym->[$i] =~ m/$re/ || $sym->[$i+1] =~ m/$re/) {
+        return 1;
+      }
+    }
+  }
+  return 0;
+}
+
+# Focus only on paths involving specified regexps
+sub FocusProfile {
+  my $symbols = shift;
+  my $profile = shift;
+  my $focus = shift;
+  my $result = {};
+  foreach my $k (keys(%{$profile})) {
+    my $count = $profile->{$k};
+    my @addrs = split(/\n/, $k);
+    foreach my $a (@addrs) {
+      # Reply if it matches either the address/shortname/fileline
+      if (($a =~ m/$focus/) || SymbolMatches($symbols->{$a}, $focus)) {
+        AddEntry($result, $k, $count);
+        last;
+      }
+    }
+  }
+  return $result;
+}
+
+# Focus only on paths not involving specified regexps
+sub IgnoreProfile {
+  my $symbols = shift;
+  my $profile = shift;
+  my $ignore = shift;
+  my $result = {};
+  foreach my $k (keys(%{$profile})) {
+    my $count = $profile->{$k};
+    my @addrs = split(/\n/, $k);
+    my $matched = 0;
+    foreach my $a (@addrs) {
+      # Reply if it matches either the address/shortname/fileline
+      if (($a =~ m/$ignore/) || SymbolMatches($symbols->{$a}, $ignore)) {
+        $matched = 1;
+        last;
+      }
+    }
+    if (!$matched) {
+      AddEntry($result, $k, $count);
+    }
+  }
+  return $result;
+}
+
+# Get total count in profile
+sub TotalProfile {
+  my $profile = shift;
+  my $result = 0;
+  foreach my $k (keys(%{$profile})) {
+    $result += $profile->{$k};
+  }
+  return $result;
+}
+
+# Add A to B
+sub AddProfile {
+  my $A = shift;
+  my $B = shift;
+
+  my $R = {};
+  # add all keys in A
+  foreach my $k (keys(%{$A})) {
+    my $v = $A->{$k};
+    AddEntry($R, $k, $v);
+  }
+  # add all keys in B
+  foreach my $k (keys(%{$B})) {
+    my $v = $B->{$k};
+    AddEntry($R, $k, $v);
+  }
+  return $R;
+}
+
+# Merges symbol maps
+sub MergeSymbols {
+  my $A = shift;
+  my $B = shift;
+
+  my $R = {};
+  foreach my $k (keys(%{$A})) {
+    $R->{$k} = $A->{$k};
+  }
+  if (defined($B)) {
+    foreach my $k (keys(%{$B})) {
+      $R->{$k} = $B->{$k};
+    }
+  }
+  return $R;
+}
+
+
+# Add A to B
+sub AddPcs {
+  my $A = shift;
+  my $B = shift;
+
+  my $R = {};
+  # add all keys in A
+  foreach my $k (keys(%{$A})) {
+    $R->{$k} = 1
+  }
+  # add all keys in B
+  foreach my $k (keys(%{$B})) {
+    $R->{$k} = 1
+  }
+  return $R;
+}
+
+# Subtract B from A
+sub SubtractProfile {
+  my $A = shift;
+  my $B = shift;
+
+  my $R = {};
+  foreach my $k (keys(%{$A})) {
+    my $v = $A->{$k} - GetEntry($B, $k);
+    if ($v < 0 && $main::opt_drop_negative) {
+      $v = 0;
+    }
+    AddEntry($R, $k, $v);
+  }
+  if (!$main::opt_drop_negative) {
+    # Take care of when subtracted profile has more entries
+    foreach my $k (keys(%{$B})) {
+      if (!exists($A->{$k})) {
+        AddEntry($R, $k, 0 - $B->{$k});
+      }
+    }
+  }
+  return $R;
+}
+
+# Get entry from profile; zero if not present
+sub GetEntry {
+  my $profile = shift;
+  my $k = shift;
+  if (exists($profile->{$k})) {
+    return $profile->{$k};
+  } else {
+    return 0;
+  }
+}
+
+# Add entry to specified profile
+sub AddEntry {
+  my $profile = shift;
+  my $k = shift;
+  my $n = shift;
+  if (!exists($profile->{$k})) {
+    $profile->{$k} = 0;
+  }
+  $profile->{$k} += $n;
+}
+
+# Add a stack of entries to specified profile, and add them to the $pcs
+# list.
+sub AddEntries {
+  my $profile = shift;
+  my $pcs = shift;
+  my $stack = shift;
+  my $count = shift;
+  my @k = ();
+
+  foreach my $e (split(/\s+/, $stack)) {
+    my $pc = HexExtend($e);
+    $pcs->{$pc} = 1;
+    push @k, $pc;
+  }
+  AddEntry($profile, (join "\n", @k), $count);
+}
+
+##### Code to profile a server dynamically #####
+
+sub CheckSymbolPage {
+  my $url = SymbolPageURL();
+  my $command = ShellEscape(@URL_FETCHER, $url);
+  open(SYMBOL, "$command |") or error($command);
+  my $line = <SYMBOL>;
+  $line =~ s/\r//g;         # turn windows-looking lines into unix-looking lines
+  close(SYMBOL);
+  unless (defined($line)) {
+    error("$url doesn't exist\n");
+  }
+
+  if ($line =~ /^num_symbols:\s+(\d+)$/) {
+    if ($1 == 0) {
+      error("Stripped binary. No symbols available.\n");
+    }
+  } else {
+    error("Failed to get the number of symbols from $url\n");
+  }
+}
+
+sub IsProfileURL {
+  my $profile_name = shift;
+  if (-f $profile_name) {
+    printf STDERR "Using local file $profile_name.\n";
+    return 0;
+  }
+  return 1;
+}
+
+sub ParseProfileURL {
+  my $profile_name = shift;
+
+  if (!defined($profile_name) || $profile_name eq "") {
+    return ();
+  }
+
+  # Split profile URL - matches all non-empty strings, so no test.
+  $profile_name =~ m,^(https?://)?([^/]+)(.*?)(/|$PROFILES)?$,;
+
+  my $proto = $1 || "http://";
+  my $hostport = $2;
+  my $prefix = $3;
+  my $profile = $4 || "/";
+
+  my $host = $hostport;
+  $host =~ s/:.*//;
+
+  my $baseurl = "$proto$hostport$prefix";
+  return ($host, $baseurl, $profile);
+}
+
+# We fetch symbols from the first profile argument.
+sub SymbolPageURL {
+  my ($host, $baseURL, $path) = ParseProfileURL($main::pfile_args[0]);
+  return "$baseURL$SYMBOL_PAGE";
+}
+
+sub FetchProgramName() {
+  my ($host, $baseURL, $path) = ParseProfileURL($main::pfile_args[0]);
+  my $url = "$baseURL$PROGRAM_NAME_PAGE";
+  my $command_line = ShellEscape(@URL_FETCHER, $url);
+  open(CMDLINE, "$command_line |") or error($command_line);
+  my $cmdline = <CMDLINE>;
+  $cmdline =~ s/\r//g;   # turn windows-looking lines into unix-looking lines
+  close(CMDLINE);
+  error("Failed to get program name from $url\n") unless defined($cmdline);
+  $cmdline =~ s/\x00.+//;  # Remove argv[1] and latters.
+  $cmdline =~ s!\n!!g;  # Remove LFs.
+  return $cmdline;
+}
+
+# Gee, curl's -L (--location) option isn't reliable at least
+# with its 7.12.3 version.  Curl will forget to post data if
+# there is a redirection.  This function is a workaround for
+# curl.  Redirection happens on borg hosts.
+sub ResolveRedirectionForCurl {
+  my $url = shift;
+  my $command_line = ShellEscape(@URL_FETCHER, "--head", $url);
+  open(CMDLINE, "$command_line |") or error($command_line);
+  while (<CMDLINE>) {
+    s/\r//g;         # turn windows-looking lines into unix-looking lines
+    if (/^Location: (.*)/) {
+      $url = $1;
+    }
+  }
+  close(CMDLINE);
+  return $url;
+}
+
+# Add a timeout flat to URL_FETCHER.  Returns a new list.
+sub AddFetchTimeout {
+  my $timeout = shift;
+  my @fetcher = shift;
+  if (defined($timeout)) {
+    if (join(" ", @fetcher) =~ m/\bcurl -s/) {
+      push(@fetcher, "--max-time", sprintf("%d", $timeout));
+    } elsif (join(" ", @fetcher) =~ m/\brpcget\b/) {
+      push(@fetcher, sprintf("--deadline=%d", $timeout));
+    }
+  }
+  return @fetcher;
+}
+
+# Reads a symbol map from the file handle name given as $1, returning
+# the resulting symbol map.  Also processes variables relating to symbols.
+# Currently, the only variable processed is 'binary=<value>' which updates
+# $main::prog to have the correct program name.
+sub ReadSymbols {
+  my $in = shift;
+  my $map = {};
+  while (<$in>) {
+    s/\r//g;         # turn windows-looking lines into unix-looking lines
+    # Removes all the leading zeroes from the symbols, see comment below.
+    if (m/^0x0*([0-9a-f]+)\s+(.+)/) {
+      $map->{$1} = $2;
+    } elsif (m/^---/) {
+      last;
+    } elsif (m/^([a-z][^=]*)=(.*)$/ ) {
+      my ($variable, $value) = ($1, $2);
+      for ($variable, $value) {
+        s/^\s+//;
+        s/\s+$//;
+      }
+      if ($variable eq "binary") {
+        if ($main::prog ne $UNKNOWN_BINARY && $main::prog ne $value) {
+          printf STDERR ("Warning: Mismatched binary name '%s', using '%s'.\n",
+                         $main::prog, $value);
+        }
+        $main::prog = $value;
+      } else {
+        printf STDERR ("Ignoring unknown variable in symbols list: " .
+            "'%s' = '%s'\n", $variable, $value);
+      }
+    }
+  }
+  return $map;
+}
+
+# Fetches and processes symbols to prepare them for use in the profile output
+# code.  If the optional 'symbol_map' arg is not given, fetches symbols from
+# $SYMBOL_PAGE for all PC values found in profile.  Otherwise, the raw symbols
+# are assumed to have already been fetched into 'symbol_map' and are simply
+# extracted and processed.
+sub FetchSymbols {
+  my $pcset = shift;
+  my $symbol_map = shift;
+
+  my %seen = ();
+  my @pcs = grep { !$seen{$_}++ } keys(%$pcset);  # uniq
+
+  if (!defined($symbol_map)) {
+    my $post_data = join("+", sort((map {"0x" . "$_"} @pcs)));
+
+    open(POSTFILE, ">$main::tmpfile_sym");
+    print POSTFILE $post_data;
+    close(POSTFILE);
+
+    my $url = SymbolPageURL();
+
+    my $command_line;
+    if (join(" ", @URL_FETCHER) =~ m/\bcurl -s/) {
+      $url = ResolveRedirectionForCurl($url);
+      $command_line = ShellEscape(@URL_FETCHER, "-d", "\@$main::tmpfile_sym",
+                                  $url);
+    } else {
+      $command_line = (ShellEscape(@URL_FETCHER, "--post", $url)
+                       . " < " . ShellEscape($main::tmpfile_sym));
+    }
+    # We use c++filt in case $SYMBOL_PAGE gives us mangled symbols.
+    my $escaped_cppfilt = ShellEscape($obj_tool_map{"c++filt"});
+    open(SYMBOL, "$command_line | $escaped_cppfilt |") or error($command_line);
+    $symbol_map = ReadSymbols(*SYMBOL{IO});
+    close(SYMBOL);
+  }
+
+  my $symbols = {};
+  foreach my $pc (@pcs) {
+    my $fullname;
+    # For 64 bits binaries, symbols are extracted with 8 leading zeroes.
+    # Then /symbol reads the long symbols in as uint64, and outputs
+    # the result with a "0x%08llx" format which get rid of the zeroes.
+    # By removing all the leading zeroes in both $pc and the symbols from
+    # /symbol, the symbols match and are retrievable from the map.
+    my $shortpc = $pc;
+    $shortpc =~ s/^0*//;
+    # Each line may have a list of names, which includes the function
+    # and also other functions it has inlined.  They are separated (in
+    # PrintSymbolizedProfile), by --, which is illegal in function names.
+    my $fullnames;
+    if (defined($symbol_map->{$shortpc})) {
+      $fullnames = $symbol_map->{$shortpc};
+    } else {
+      $fullnames = "0x" . $pc;  # Just use addresses
+    }
+    my $sym = [];
+    $symbols->{$pc} = $sym;
+    foreach my $fullname (split("--", $fullnames)) {
+      my $name = ShortFunctionName($fullname);
+      push(@{$sym}, $name, "?", $fullname);
+    }
+  }
+  return $symbols;
+}
+
+sub BaseName {
+  my $file_name = shift;
+  $file_name =~ s!^.*/!!;  # Remove directory name
+  return $file_name;
+}
+
+sub MakeProfileBaseName {
+  my ($binary_name, $profile_name) = @_;
+  my ($host, $baseURL, $path) = ParseProfileURL($profile_name);
+  my $binary_shortname = BaseName($binary_name);
+  return sprintf("%s.%s.%s",
+                 $binary_shortname, $main::op_time, $host);
+}
+
+sub FetchDynamicProfile {
+  my $binary_name = shift;
+  my $profile_name = shift;
+  my $fetch_name_only = shift;
+  my $encourage_patience = shift;
+
+  if (!IsProfileURL($profile_name)) {
+    return $profile_name;
+  } else {
+    my ($host, $baseURL, $path) = ParseProfileURL($profile_name);
+    if ($path eq "" || $path eq "/") {
+      # Missing type specifier defaults to cpu-profile
+      $path = $PROFILE_PAGE;
+    }
+
+    my $profile_file = MakeProfileBaseName($binary_name, $profile_name);
+
+    my $url = "$baseURL$path";
+    my $fetch_timeout = undef;
+    if ($path =~ m/$PROFILE_PAGE|$PMUPROFILE_PAGE/) {
+      if ($path =~ m/[?]/) {
+        $url .= "&";
+      } else {
+        $url .= "?";
+      }
+      $url .= sprintf("seconds=%d", $main::opt_seconds);
+      $fetch_timeout = $main::opt_seconds * 1.01 + 60;
+    } else {
+      # For non-CPU profiles, we add a type-extension to
+      # the target profile file name.
+      my $suffix = $path;
+      $suffix =~ s,/,.,g;
+      $profile_file .= $suffix;
+    }
+
+    my $profile_dir = $ENV{"PPROF_TMPDIR"} || ($ENV{HOME} . "/pprof");
+    if (! -d $profile_dir) {
+      mkdir($profile_dir)
+          || die("Unable to create profile directory $profile_dir: $!\n");
+    }
+    my $tmp_profile = "$profile_dir/.tmp.$profile_file";
+    my $real_profile = "$profile_dir/$profile_file";
+
+    if ($fetch_name_only > 0) {
+      return $real_profile;
+    }
+
+    my @fetcher = AddFetchTimeout($fetch_timeout, @URL_FETCHER);
+    my $cmd = ShellEscape(@fetcher, $url) . " > " . ShellEscape($tmp_profile);
+    if ($path =~ m/$PROFILE_PAGE|$PMUPROFILE_PAGE|$CENSUSPROFILE_PAGE/){
+      print STDERR "Gathering CPU profile from $url for $main::opt_seconds seconds to\n  ${real_profile}\n";
+      if ($encourage_patience) {
+        print STDERR "Be patient...\n";
+      }
+    } else {
+      print STDERR "Fetching $path profile from $url to\n  ${real_profile}\n";
+    }
+
+    (system($cmd) == 0) || error("Failed to get profile: $cmd: $!\n");
+    (system("mv", $tmp_profile, $real_profile) == 0) || error("Unable to rename profile\n");
+    print STDERR "Wrote profile to $real_profile\n";
+    $main::collected_profile = $real_profile;
+    return $main::collected_profile;
+  }
+}
+
+# Collect profiles in parallel
+sub FetchDynamicProfiles {
+  my $items = scalar(@main::pfile_args);
+  my $levels = log($items) / log(2);
+
+  if ($items == 1) {
+    $main::profile_files[0] = FetchDynamicProfile($main::prog, $main::pfile_args[0], 0, 1);
+  } else {
+    # math rounding issues
+    if ((2 ** $levels) < $items) {
+     $levels++;
+    }
+    my $count = scalar(@main::pfile_args);
+    for (my $i = 0; $i < $count; $i++) {
+      $main::profile_files[$i] = FetchDynamicProfile($main::prog, $main::pfile_args[$i], 1, 0);
+    }
+    print STDERR "Fetching $count profiles, Be patient...\n";
+    FetchDynamicProfilesRecurse($levels, 0, 0);
+    $main::collected_profile = join(" \\\n    ", @main::profile_files);
+  }
+}
+
+# Recursively fork a process to get enough processes
+# collecting profiles
+sub FetchDynamicProfilesRecurse {
+  my $maxlevel = shift;
+  my $level = shift;
+  my $position = shift;
+
+  if (my $pid = fork()) {
+    $position = 0 | ($position << 1);
+    TryCollectProfile($maxlevel, $level, $position);
+    wait;
+  } else {
+    $position = 1 | ($position << 1);
+    TryCollectProfile($maxlevel, $level, $position);
+    cleanup();
+    exit(0);
+  }
+}
+
+# Collect a single profile
+sub TryCollectProfile {
+  my $maxlevel = shift;
+  my $level = shift;
+  my $position = shift;
+
+  if ($level >= ($maxlevel - 1)) {
+    if ($position < scalar(@main::pfile_args)) {
+      FetchDynamicProfile($main::prog, $main::pfile_args[$position], 0, 0);
+    }
+  } else {
+    FetchDynamicProfilesRecurse($maxlevel, $level+1, $position);
+  }
+}
+
+##### Parsing code #####
+
+# Provide a small streaming-read module to handle very large
+# cpu-profile files.  Stream in chunks along a sliding window.
+# Provides an interface to get one 'slot', correctly handling
+# endian-ness differences.  A slot is one 32-bit or 64-bit word
+# (depending on the input profile).  We tell endianness and bit-size
+# for the profile by looking at the first 8 bytes: in cpu profiles,
+# the second slot is always 3 (we'll accept anything that's not 0).
+BEGIN {
+  package CpuProfileStream;
+
+  sub new {
+    my ($class, $file, $fname) = @_;
+    my $self = { file        => $file,
+                 base        => 0,
+                 stride      => 512 * 1024,   # must be a multiple of bitsize/8
+                 slots       => [],
+                 unpack_code => "",           # N for big-endian, V for little
+                 perl_is_64bit => 1,          # matters if profile is 64-bit
+    };
+    bless $self, $class;
+    # Let unittests adjust the stride
+    if ($main::opt_test_stride > 0) {
+      $self->{stride} = $main::opt_test_stride;
+    }
+    # Read the first two slots to figure out bitsize and endianness.
+    my $slots = $self->{slots};
+    my $str;
+    read($self->{file}, $str, 8);
+    # Set the global $address_length based on what we see here.
+    # 8 is 32-bit (8 hexadecimal chars); 16 is 64-bit (16 hexadecimal chars).
+    $address_length = ($str eq (chr(0)x8)) ? 16 : 8;
+    if ($address_length == 8) {
+      if (substr($str, 6, 2) eq chr(0)x2) {
+        $self->{unpack_code} = 'V';  # Little-endian.
+      } elsif (substr($str, 4, 2) eq chr(0)x2) {
+        $self->{unpack_code} = 'N';  # Big-endian
+      } else {
+        ::error("$fname: header size >= 2**16\n");
+      }
+      @$slots = unpack($self->{unpack_code} . "*", $str);
+    } else {
+      # If we're a 64-bit profile, check if we're a 64-bit-capable
+      # perl.  Otherwise, each slot will be represented as a float
+      # instead of an int64, losing precision and making all the
+      # 64-bit addresses wrong.  We won't complain yet, but will
+      # later if we ever see a value that doesn't fit in 32 bits.
+      my $has_q = 0;
+      eval { $has_q = pack("Q", "1") ? 1 : 1; };
+      if (!$has_q) {
+        $self->{perl_is_64bit} = 0;
+      }
+      read($self->{file}, $str, 8);
+      if (substr($str, 4, 4) eq chr(0)x4) {
+        # We'd love to use 'Q', but it's a) not universal, b) not endian-proof.
+        $self->{unpack_code} = 'V';  # Little-endian.
+      } elsif (substr($str, 0, 4) eq chr(0)x4) {
+        $self->{unpack_code} = 'N';  # Big-endian
+      } else {
+        ::error("$fname: header size >= 2**32\n");
+      }
+      my @pair = unpack($self->{unpack_code} . "*", $str);
+      # Since we know one of the pair is 0, it's fine to just add them.
+      @$slots = (0, $pair[0] + $pair[1]);
+    }
+    return $self;
+  }
+
+  # Load more data when we access slots->get(X) which is not yet in memory.
+  sub overflow {
+    my ($self) = @_;
+    my $slots = $self->{slots};
+    $self->{base} += $#$slots + 1;   # skip over data we're replacing
+    my $str;
+    read($self->{file}, $str, $self->{stride});
+    if ($address_length == 8) {      # the 32-bit case
+      # This is the easy case: unpack provides 32-bit unpacking primitives.
+      @$slots = unpack($self->{unpack_code} . "*", $str);
+    } else {
+      # We need to unpack 32 bits at a time and combine.
+      my @b32_values = unpack($self->{unpack_code} . "*", $str);
+      my @b64_values = ();
+      for (my $i = 0; $i < $#b32_values; $i += 2) {
+        # TODO(csilvers): if this is a 32-bit perl, the math below
+        #    could end up in a too-large int, which perl will promote
+        #    to a double, losing necessary precision.  Deal with that.
+        #    Right now, we just die.
+        my ($lo, $hi) = ($b32_values[$i], $b32_values[$i+1]);
+        if ($self->{unpack_code} eq 'N') {    # big-endian
+          ($lo, $hi) = ($hi, $lo);
+        }
+        my $value = $lo + $hi * (2**32);
+        if (!$self->{perl_is_64bit} &&   # check value is exactly represented
+            (($value % (2**32)) != $lo || int($value / (2**32)) != $hi)) {
+          ::error("Need a 64-bit perl to process this 64-bit profile.\n");
+        }
+        push(@b64_values, $value);
+      }
+      @$slots = @b64_values;
+    }
+  }
+
+  # Access the i-th long in the file (logically), or -1 at EOF.
+  sub get {
+    my ($self, $idx) = @_;
+    my $slots = $self->{slots};
+    while ($#$slots >= 0) {
+      if ($idx < $self->{base}) {
+        # The only time we expect a reference to $slots[$i - something]
+        # after referencing $slots[$i] is reading the very first header.
+        # Since $stride > |header|, that shouldn't cause any lookback
+        # errors.  And everything after the header is sequential.
+        print STDERR "Unexpected look-back reading CPU profile";
+        return -1;   # shrug, don't know what better to return
+      } elsif ($idx > $self->{base} + $#$slots) {
+        $self->overflow();
+      } else {
+        return $slots->[$idx - $self->{base}];
+      }
+    }
+    # If we get here, $slots is [], which means we've reached EOF
+    return -1;  # unique since slots is supposed to hold unsigned numbers
+  }
+}
+
+# Reads the top, 'header' section of a profile, and returns the last
+# line of the header, commonly called a 'header line'.  The header
+# section of a profile consists of zero or more 'command' lines that
+# are instructions to pprof, which pprof executes when reading the
+# header.  All 'command' lines start with a %.  After the command
+# lines is the 'header line', which is a profile-specific line that
+# indicates what type of profile it is, and perhaps other global
+# information about the profile.  For instance, here's a header line
+# for a heap profile:
+#   heap profile:     53:    38236 [  5525:  1284029] @ heapprofile
+# For historical reasons, the CPU profile does not contain a text-
+# readable header line.  If the profile looks like a CPU profile,
+# this function returns "".  If no header line could be found, this
+# function returns undef.
+#
+# The following commands are recognized:
+#   %warn -- emit the rest of this line to stderr, prefixed by 'WARNING:'
+#
+# The input file should be in binmode.
+sub ReadProfileHeader {
+  local *PROFILE = shift;
+  my $firstchar = "";
+  my $line = "";
+  read(PROFILE, $firstchar, 1);
+  seek(PROFILE, -1, 1);                    # unread the firstchar
+  if ($firstchar !~ /[[:print:]]/) {       # is not a text character
+    return "";
+  }
+  while (defined($line = <PROFILE>)) {
+    $line =~ s/\r//g;   # turn windows-looking lines into unix-looking lines
+    if ($line =~ /^%warn\s+(.*)/) {        # 'warn' command
+      # Note this matches both '%warn blah\n' and '%warn\n'.
+      print STDERR "WARNING: $1\n";        # print the rest of the line
+    } elsif ($line =~ /^%/) {
+      print STDERR "Ignoring unknown command from profile header: $line";
+    } else {
+      # End of commands, must be the header line.
+      return $line;
+    }
+  }
+  return undef;     # got to EOF without seeing a header line
+}
+
+sub IsSymbolizedProfileFile {
+  my $file_name = shift;
+  if (!(-e $file_name) || !(-r $file_name)) {
+    return 0;
+  }
+  # Check if the file contains a symbol-section marker.
+  open(TFILE, "<$file_name");
+  binmode TFILE;
+  my $firstline = ReadProfileHeader(*TFILE);
+  close(TFILE);
+  if (!$firstline) {
+    return 0;
+  }
+  $SYMBOL_PAGE =~ m,[^/]+$,;    # matches everything after the last slash
+  my $symbol_marker = $&;
+  return $firstline =~ /^--- *$symbol_marker/;
+}
+
+# Parse profile generated by common/profiler.cc and return a reference
+# to a map:
+#      $result->{version}     Version number of profile file
+#      $result->{period}      Sampling period (in microseconds)
+#      $result->{profile}     Profile object
+#      $result->{map}         Memory map info from profile
+#      $result->{pcs}         Hash of all PC values seen, key is hex address
+sub ReadProfile {
+  my $prog = shift;
+  my $fname = shift;
+  my $result;            # return value
+
+  $CONTENTION_PAGE =~ m,[^/]+$,;    # matches everything after the last slash
+  my $contention_marker = $&;
+  $GROWTH_PAGE  =~ m,[^/]+$,;    # matches everything after the last slash
+  my $growth_marker = $&;
+  $SYMBOL_PAGE =~ m,[^/]+$,;    # matches everything after the last slash
+  my $symbol_marker = $&;
+  $PROFILE_PAGE =~ m,[^/]+$,;    # matches everything after the last slash
+  my $profile_marker = $&;
+
+  # Look at first line to see if it is a heap or a CPU profile.
+  # CPU profile may start with no header at all, and just binary data
+  # (starting with \0\0\0\0) -- in that case, don't try to read the
+  # whole firstline, since it may be gigabytes(!) of data.
+  open(PROFILE, "<$fname") || error("$fname: $!\n");
+  binmode PROFILE;      # New perls do UTF-8 processing
+  my $header = ReadProfileHeader(*PROFILE);
+  if (!defined($header)) {   # means "at EOF"
+    error("Profile is empty.\n");
+  }
+
+  my $symbols;
+  if ($header =~ m/^--- *$symbol_marker/o) {
+    # Verify that the user asked for a symbolized profile
+    if (!$main::use_symbolized_profile) {
+      # we have both a binary and symbolized profiles, abort
+      error("FATAL ERROR: Symbolized profile\n   $fname\ncannot be used with " .
+            "a binary arg. Try again without passing\n   $prog\n");
+    }
+    # Read the symbol section of the symbolized profile file.
+    $symbols = ReadSymbols(*PROFILE{IO});
+    # Read the next line to get the header for the remaining profile.
+    $header = ReadProfileHeader(*PROFILE) || "";
+  }
+
+  $main::profile_type = '';
+  if ($header =~ m/^heap profile:.*$growth_marker/o) {
+    $main::profile_type = 'growth';
+    $result =  ReadHeapProfile($prog, *PROFILE, $header);
+  } elsif ($header =~ m/^heap profile:/) {
+    $main::profile_type = 'heap';
+    $result =  ReadHeapProfile($prog, *PROFILE, $header);
+  } elsif ($header =~ m/^--- *$contention_marker/o) {
+    $main::profile_type = 'contention';
+    $result = ReadSynchProfile($prog, *PROFILE);
+  } elsif ($header =~ m/^--- *Stacks:/) {
+    print STDERR
+      "Old format contention profile: mistakenly reports " .
+      "condition variable signals as lock contentions.\n";
+    $main::profile_type = 'contention';
+    $result = ReadSynchProfile($prog, *PROFILE);
+  } elsif ($header =~ m/^--- *$profile_marker/) {
+    # the binary cpu profile data starts immediately after this line
+    $main::profile_type = 'cpu';
+    $result = ReadCPUProfile($prog, $fname, *PROFILE);
+  } else {
+    if (defined($symbols)) {
+      # a symbolized profile contains a format we don't recognize, bail out
+      error("$fname: Cannot recognize profile section after symbols.\n");
+    }
+    # no ascii header present -- must be a CPU profile
+    $main::profile_type = 'cpu';
+    $result = ReadCPUProfile($prog, $fname, *PROFILE);
+  }
+
+  close(PROFILE);
+
+  # if we got symbols along with the profile, return those as well
+  if (defined($symbols)) {
+    $result->{symbols} = $symbols;
+  }
+
+  return $result;
+}
+
+# Subtract one from caller pc so we map back to call instr.
+# However, don't do this if we're reading a symbolized profile
+# file, in which case the subtract-one was done when the file
+# was written.
+#
+# We apply the same logic to all readers, though ReadCPUProfile uses an
+# independent implementation.
+sub FixCallerAddresses {
+  my $stack = shift;
+  if ($main::use_symbolized_profile) {
+    return $stack;
+  } else {
+    $stack =~ /(\s)/;
+    my $delimiter = $1;
+    my @addrs = split(' ', $stack);
+    my @fixedaddrs;
+    $#fixedaddrs = $#addrs;
+    if ($#addrs >= 0) {
+      $fixedaddrs[0] = $addrs[0];
+    }
+    for (my $i = 1; $i <= $#addrs; $i++) {
+      $fixedaddrs[$i] = AddressSub($addrs[$i], "0x1");
+    }
+    return join $delimiter, @fixedaddrs;
+  }
+}
+
+# CPU profile reader
+sub ReadCPUProfile {
+  my $prog = shift;
+  my $fname = shift;       # just used for logging
+  local *PROFILE = shift;
+  my $version;
+  my $period;
+  my $i;
+  my $profile = {};
+  my $pcs = {};
+
+  # Parse string into array of slots.
+  my $slots = CpuProfileStream->new(*PROFILE, $fname);
+
+  # Read header.  The current header version is a 5-element structure
+  # containing:
+  #   0: header count (always 0)
+  #   1: header "words" (after this one: 3)
+  #   2: format version (0)
+  #   3: sampling period (usec)
+  #   4: unused padding (always 0)
+  if ($slots->get(0) != 0 ) {
+    error("$fname: not a profile file, or old format profile file\n");
+  }
+  $i = 2 + $slots->get(1);
+  $version = $slots->get(2);
+  $period = $slots->get(3);
+  # Do some sanity checking on these header values.
+  if ($version > (2**32) || $period > (2**32) || $i > (2**32) || $i < 5) {
+    error("$fname: not a profile file, or corrupted profile file\n");
+  }
+
+  # Parse profile
+  while ($slots->get($i) != -1) {
+    my $n = $slots->get($i++);
+    my $d = $slots->get($i++);
+    if ($d > (2**16)) {  # TODO(csilvers): what's a reasonable max-stack-depth?
+      my $addr = sprintf("0%o", $i * ($address_length == 8 ? 4 : 8));
+      print STDERR "At index $i (address $addr):\n";
+      error("$fname: stack trace depth >= 2**32\n");
+    }
+    if ($slots->get($i) == 0) {
+      # End of profile data marker
+      $i += $d;
+      last;
+    }
+
+    # Make key out of the stack entries
+    my @k = ();
+    for (my $j = 0; $j < $d; $j++) {
+      my $pc = $slots->get($i+$j);
+      # Subtract one from caller pc so we map back to call instr.
+      # However, don't do this if we're reading a symbolized profile
+      # file, in which case the subtract-one was done when the file
+      # was written.
+      if ($j > 0 && !$main::use_symbolized_profile) {
+        $pc--;
+      }
+      $pc = sprintf("%0*x", $address_length, $pc);
+      $pcs->{$pc} = 1;
+      push @k, $pc;
+    }
+
+    AddEntry($profile, (join "\n", @k), $n);
+    $i += $d;
+  }
+
+  # Parse map
+  my $map = '';
+  seek(PROFILE, $i * 4, 0);
+  read(PROFILE, $map, (stat PROFILE)[7]);
+
+  my $r = {};
+  $r->{version} = $version;
+  $r->{period} = $period;
+  $r->{profile} = $profile;
+  $r->{libs} = ParseLibraries($prog, $map, $pcs);
+  $r->{pcs} = $pcs;
+
+  return $r;
+}
+
+sub ReadHeapProfile {
+  my $prog = shift;
+  local *PROFILE = shift;
+  my $header = shift;
+
+  my $index = 1;
+  if ($main::opt_inuse_space) {
+    $index = 1;
+  } elsif ($main::opt_inuse_objects) {
+    $index = 0;
+  } elsif ($main::opt_alloc_space) {
+    $index = 3;
+  } elsif ($main::opt_alloc_objects) {
+    $index = 2;
+  }
+
+  # Find the type of this profile.  The header line looks like:
+  #    heap profile:   1246:  8800744 [  1246:  8800744] @ <heap-url>/266053
+  # There are two pairs <count: size>, the first inuse objects/space, and the
+  # second allocated objects/space.  This is followed optionally by a profile
+  # type, and if that is present, optionally by a sampling frequency.
+  # For remote heap profiles (v1):
+  # The interpretation of the sampling frequency is that the profiler, for
+  # each sample, calculates a uniformly distributed random integer less than
+  # the given value, and records the next sample after that many bytes have
+  # been allocated.  Therefore, the expected sample interval is half of the
+  # given frequency.  By default, if not specified, the expected sample
+  # interval is 128KB.  Only remote-heap-page profiles are adjusted for
+  # sample size.
+  # For remote heap profiles (v2):
+  # The sampling frequency is the rate of a Poisson process. This means that
+  # the probability of sampling an allocation of size X with sampling rate Y
+  # is 1 - exp(-X/Y)
+  # For version 2, a typical header line might look like this:
+  # heap profile:   1922: 127792360 [  1922: 127792360] @ <heap-url>_v2/524288
+  # the trailing number (524288) is the sampling rate. (Version 1 showed
+  # double the 'rate' here)
+  my $sampling_algorithm = 0;
+  my $sample_adjustment = 0;
+  chomp($header);
+  my $type = "unknown";
+  if ($header =~ m"^heap profile:\s*(\d+):\s+(\d+)\s+\[\s*(\d+):\s+(\d+)\](\s*@\s*([^/]*)(/(\d+))?)?") {
+    if (defined($6) && ($6 ne '')) {
+      $type = $6;
+      my $sample_period = $8;
+      # $type is "heapprofile" for profiles generated by the
+      # heap-profiler, and either "heap" or "heap_v2" for profiles
+      # generated by sampling directly within tcmalloc.  It can also
+      # be "growth" for heap-growth profiles.  The first is typically
+      # found for profiles generated locally, and the others for
+      # remote profiles.
+      if (($type eq "heapprofile") || ($type !~ /heap/) ) {
+        # No need to adjust for the sampling rate with heap-profiler-derived data
+        $sampling_algorithm = 0;
+      } elsif ($type =~ /_v2/) {
+        $sampling_algorithm = 2;     # version 2 sampling
+        if (defined($sample_period) && ($sample_period ne '')) {
+          $sample_adjustment = int($sample_period);
+        }
+      } else {
+        $sampling_algorithm = 1;     # version 1 sampling
+        if (defined($sample_period) && ($sample_period ne '')) {
+          $sample_adjustment = int($sample_period)/2;
+        }
+      }
+    } else {
+      # We detect whether or not this is a remote-heap profile by checking
+      # that the total-allocated stats ($n2,$s2) are exactly the
+      # same as the in-use stats ($n1,$s1).  It is remotely conceivable
+      # that a non-remote-heap profile may pass this check, but it is hard
+      # to imagine how that could happen.
+      # In this case it's so old it's guaranteed to be remote-heap version 1.
+      my ($n1, $s1, $n2, $s2) = ($1, $2, $3, $4);
+      if (($n1 == $n2) && ($s1 == $s2)) {
+        # This is likely to be a remote-heap based sample profile
+        $sampling_algorithm = 1;
+      }
+    }
+  }
+
+  if ($sampling_algorithm > 0) {
+    # For remote-heap generated profiles, adjust the counts and sizes to
+    # account for the sample rate (we sample once every 128KB by default).
+    if ($sample_adjustment == 0) {
+      # Turn on profile adjustment.
+      $sample_adjustment = 128*1024;
+      print STDERR "Adjusting heap profiles for 1-in-128KB sampling rate\n";
+    } else {
+      printf STDERR ("Adjusting heap profiles for 1-in-%d sampling rate\n",
+                     $sample_adjustment);
+    }
+    if ($sampling_algorithm > 1) {
+      # We don't bother printing anything for the original version (version 1)
+      printf STDERR "Heap version $sampling_algorithm\n";
+    }
+  }
+
+  my $profile = {};
+  my $pcs = {};
+  my $map = "";
+
+  while (<PROFILE>) {
+    s/\r//g;         # turn windows-looking lines into unix-looking lines
+    if (/^MAPPED_LIBRARIES:/) {
+      # Read the /proc/self/maps data
+      while (<PROFILE>) {
+        s/\r//g;         # turn windows-looking lines into unix-looking lines
+        $map .= $_;
+      }
+      last;
+    }
+
+    if (/^--- Memory map:/) {
+      # Read /proc/self/maps data as formatted by DumpAddressMap()
+      my $buildvar = "";
+      while (<PROFILE>) {
+        s/\r//g;         # turn windows-looking lines into unix-looking lines
+        # Parse "build=<dir>" specification if supplied
+        if (m/^\s*build=(.*)\n/) {
+          $buildvar = $1;
+        }
+
+        # Expand "$build" variable if available
+        $_ =~ s/\$build\b/$buildvar/g;
+
+        $map .= $_;
+      }
+      last;
+    }
+
+    # Read entry of the form:
+    #  <count1>: <bytes1> [<count2>: <bytes2>] @ a1 a2 a3 ... an
+    s/^\s*//;
+    s/\s*$//;
+    if (m/^\s*(\d+):\s+(\d+)\s+\[\s*(\d+):\s+(\d+)\]\s+@\s+(.*)$/) {
+      my $stack = $5;
+      my ($n1, $s1, $n2, $s2) = ($1, $2, $3, $4);
+
+      if ($sample_adjustment) {
+        if ($sampling_algorithm == 2) {
+          # Remote-heap version 2
+          # The sampling frequency is the rate of a Poisson process.
+          # This means that the probability of sampling an allocation of
+          # size X with sampling rate Y is 1 - exp(-X/Y)
+          if ($n1 != 0) {
+            my $ratio = (($s1*1.0)/$n1)/($sample_adjustment);
+            my $scale_factor = 1/(1 - exp(-$ratio));
+            $n1 *= $scale_factor;
+            $s1 *= $scale_factor;
+          }
+          if ($n2 != 0) {
+            my $ratio = (($s2*1.0)/$n2)/($sample_adjustment);
+            my $scale_factor = 1/(1 - exp(-$ratio));
+            $n2 *= $scale_factor;
+            $s2 *= $scale_factor;
+          }
+        } else {
+          # Remote-heap version 1
+          my $ratio;
+          $ratio = (($s1*1.0)/$n1)/($sample_adjustment);
+          if ($ratio < 1) {
+            $n1 /= $ratio;
+            $s1 /= $ratio;
+          }
+          $ratio = (($s2*1.0)/$n2)/($sample_adjustment);
+          if ($ratio < 1) {
+            $n2 /= $ratio;
+            $s2 /= $ratio;
+          }
+        }
+      }
+
+      my @counts = ($n1, $s1, $n2, $s2);
+      AddEntries($profile, $pcs, FixCallerAddresses($stack), $counts[$index]);
+    }
+  }
+
+  my $r = {};
+  $r->{version} = "heap";
+  $r->{period} = 1;
+  $r->{profile} = $profile;
+  $r->{libs} = ParseLibraries($prog, $map, $pcs);
+  $r->{pcs} = $pcs;
+  return $r;
+}
+
+sub ReadSynchProfile {
+  my $prog = shift;
+  local *PROFILE = shift;
+  my $header = shift;
+
+  my $map = '';
+  my $profile = {};
+  my $pcs = {};
+  my $sampling_period = 1;
+  my $cyclespernanosec = 2.8;   # Default assumption for old binaries
+  my $seen_clockrate = 0;
+  my $line;
+
+  my $index = 0;
+  if ($main::opt_total_delay) {
+    $index = 0;
+  } elsif ($main::opt_contentions) {
+    $index = 1;
+  } elsif ($main::opt_mean_delay) {
+    $index = 2;
+  }
+
+  while ( $line = <PROFILE> ) {
+    $line =~ s/\r//g;      # turn windows-looking lines into unix-looking lines
+    if ( $line =~ /^\s*(\d+)\s+(\d+) \@\s*(.*?)\s*$/ ) {
+      my ($cycles, $count, $stack) = ($1, $2, $3);
+
+      # Convert cycles to nanoseconds
+      $cycles /= $cyclespernanosec;
+
+      # Adjust for sampling done by application
+      $cycles *= $sampling_period;
+      $count *= $sampling_period;
+
+      my @values = ($cycles, $count, $cycles / $count);
+      AddEntries($profile, $pcs, FixCallerAddresses($stack), $values[$index]);
+
+    } elsif ( $line =~ /^(slow release).*thread \d+  \@\s*(.*?)\s*$/ ||
+              $line =~ /^\s*(\d+) \@\s*(.*?)\s*$/ ) {
+      my ($cycles, $stack) = ($1, $2);
+      if ($cycles !~ /^\d+$/) {
+        next;
+      }
+
+      # Convert cycles to nanoseconds
+      $cycles /= $cyclespernanosec;
+
+      # Adjust for sampling done by application
+      $cycles *= $sampling_period;
+
+      AddEntries($profile, $pcs, FixCallerAddresses($stack), $cycles);
+
+    } elsif ( $line =~ m/^([a-z][^=]*)=(.*)$/ ) {
+      my ($variable, $value) = ($1,$2);
+      for ($variable, $value) {
+        s/^\s+//;
+        s/\s+$//;
+      }
+      if ($variable eq "cycles/second") {
+        $cyclespernanosec = $value / 1e9;
+        $seen_clockrate = 1;
+      } elsif ($variable eq "sampling period") {
+        $sampling_period = $value;
+      } elsif ($variable eq "ms since reset") {
+        # Currently nothing is done with this value in pprof
+        # So we just silently ignore it for now
+      } elsif ($variable eq "discarded samples") {
+        # Currently nothing is done with this value in pprof
+        # So we just silently ignore it for now
+      } else {
+        printf STDERR ("Ignoring unnknown variable in /contention output: " .
+                       "'%s' = '%s'\n",$variable,$value);
+      }
+    } else {
+      # Memory map entry
+      $map .= $line;
+    }
+  }
+
+  if (!$seen_clockrate) {
+    printf STDERR ("No cycles/second entry in profile; Guessing %.1f GHz\n",
+                   $cyclespernanosec);
+  }
+
+  my $r = {};
+  $r->{version} = 0;
+  $r->{period} = $sampling_period;
+  $r->{profile} = $profile;
+  $r->{libs} = ParseLibraries($prog, $map, $pcs);
+  $r->{pcs} = $pcs;
+  return $r;
+}
+
+# Given a hex value in the form "0x1abcd" or "1abcd", return either
+# "0001abcd" or "000000000001abcd", depending on the current (global)
+# address length.
+sub HexExtend {
+  my $addr = shift;
+
+  $addr =~ s/^(0x)?0*//;
+  my $zeros_needed = $address_length - length($addr);
+  if ($zeros_needed < 0) {
+    printf STDERR "Warning: address $addr is longer than address length $address_length\n";
+    return $addr;
+  }
+  return ("0" x $zeros_needed) . $addr;
+}
+
+##### Symbol extraction #####
+
+# Aggressively search the lib_prefix values for the given library
+# If all else fails, just return the name of the library unmodified.
+# If the lib_prefix is "/my/path,/other/path" and $file is "/lib/dir/mylib.so"
+# it will search the following locations in this order, until it finds a file:
+#   /my/path/lib/dir/mylib.so
+#   /other/path/lib/dir/mylib.so
+#   /my/path/dir/mylib.so
+#   /other/path/dir/mylib.so
+#   /my/path/mylib.so
+#   /other/path/mylib.so
+#   /lib/dir/mylib.so              (returned as last resort)
+sub FindLibrary {
+  my $file = shift;
+  my $suffix = $file;
+
+  # Search for the library as described above
+  do {
+    foreach my $prefix (@prefix_list) {
+      my $fullpath = $prefix . $suffix;
+      if (-e $fullpath) {
+        return $fullpath;
+      }
+    }
+  } while ($suffix =~ s|^/[^/]+/|/|);
+  return $file;
+}
+
+# Return path to library with debugging symbols.
+# For libc libraries, the copy in /usr/lib/debug contains debugging symbols
+sub DebuggingLibrary {
+  my $file = shift;
+  if ($file =~ m|^/| && -f "/usr/lib/debug$file") {
+    return "/usr/lib/debug$file";
+  }
+  return undef;
+}
+
+# Parse text section header of a library using objdump
+sub ParseTextSectionHeaderFromObjdump {
+  my $lib = shift;
+
+  my $size = undef;
+  my $vma;
+  my $file_offset;
+  # Get objdump output from the library file to figure out how to
+  # map between mapped addresses and addresses in the library.
+  my $cmd = ShellEscape($obj_tool_map{"objdump"}, "-h", $lib);
+  open(OBJDUMP, "$cmd |") || error("$cmd: $!\n");
+  while (<OBJDUMP>) {
+    s/\r//g;         # turn windows-looking lines into unix-looking lines
+    # Idx Name          Size      VMA       LMA       File off  Algn
+    #  10 .text         00104b2c  420156f0  420156f0  000156f0  2**4
+    # For 64-bit objects, VMA and LMA will be 16 hex digits, size and file
+    # offset may still be 8.  But AddressSub below will still handle that.
+    my @x = split;
+    if (($#x >= 6) && ($x[1] eq '.text')) {
+      $size = $x[2];
+      $vma = $x[3];
+      $file_offset = $x[5];
+      last;
+    }
+  }
+  close(OBJDUMP);
+
+  if (!defined($size)) {
+    return undef;
+  }
+
+  my $r = {};
+  $r->{size} = $size;
+  $r->{vma} = $vma;
+  $r->{file_offset} = $file_offset;
+
+  return $r;
+}
+
+# Parse text section header of a library using otool (on OS X)
+sub ParseTextSectionHeaderFromOtool {
+  my $lib = shift;
+
+  my $size = undef;
+  my $vma = undef;
+  my $file_offset = undef;
+  # Get otool output from the library file to figure out how to
+  # map between mapped addresses and addresses in the library.
+  my $command = ShellEscape($obj_tool_map{"otool"}, "-l", $lib);
+  open(OTOOL, "$command |") || error("$command: $!\n");
+  my $cmd = "";
+  my $sectname = "";
+  my $segname = "";
+  foreach my $line (<OTOOL>) {
+    $line =~ s/\r//g;      # turn windows-looking lines into unix-looking lines
+    # Load command <#>
+    #       cmd LC_SEGMENT
+    # [...]
+    # Section
+    #   sectname __text
+    #    segname __TEXT
+    #       addr 0x000009f8
+    #       size 0x00018b9e
+    #     offset 2552
+    #      align 2^2 (4)
+    # We will need to strip off the leading 0x from the hex addresses,
+    # and convert the offset into hex.
+    if ($line =~ /Load command/) {
+      $cmd = "";
+      $sectname = "";
+      $segname = "";
+    } elsif ($line =~ /Section/) {
+      $sectname = "";
+      $segname = "";
+    } elsif ($line =~ /cmd (\w+)/) {
+      $cmd = $1;
+    } elsif ($line =~ /sectname (\w+)/) {
+      $sectname = $1;
+    } elsif ($line =~ /segname (\w+)/) {
+      $segname = $1;
+    } elsif (!(($cmd eq "LC_SEGMENT" || $cmd eq "LC_SEGMENT_64") &&
+               $sectname eq "__text" &&
+               $segname eq "__TEXT")) {
+      next;
+    } elsif ($line =~ /\baddr 0x([0-9a-fA-F]+)/) {
+      $vma = $1;
+    } elsif ($line =~ /\bsize 0x([0-9a-fA-F]+)/) {
+      $size = $1;
+    } elsif ($line =~ /\boffset ([0-9]+)/) {
+      $file_offset = sprintf("%016x", $1);
+    }
+    if (defined($vma) && defined($size) && defined($file_offset)) {
+      last;
+    }
+  }
+  close(OTOOL);
+
+  if (!defined($vma) || !defined($size) || !defined($file_offset)) {
+     return undef;
+  }
+
+  my $r = {};
+  $r->{size} = $size;
+  $r->{vma} = $vma;
+  $r->{file_offset} = $file_offset;
+
+  return $r;
+}
+
+sub ParseTextSectionHeader {
+  # obj_tool_map("otool") is only defined if we're in a Mach-O environment
+  if (defined($obj_tool_map{"otool"})) {
+    my $r = ParseTextSectionHeaderFromOtool(@_);
+    if (defined($r)){
+      return $r;
+    }
+  }
+  # If otool doesn't work, or we don't have it, fall back to objdump
+  return ParseTextSectionHeaderFromObjdump(@_);
+}
+
+# Split /proc/pid/maps dump into a list of libraries
+sub ParseLibraries {
+  return if $main::use_symbol_page;  # We don't need libraries info.
+  my $prog = shift;
+  my $map = shift;
+  my $pcs = shift;
+
+  my $result = [];
+  my $h = "[a-f0-9]+";
+  my $zero_offset = HexExtend("0");
+
+  my $buildvar = "";
+  foreach my $l (split("\n", $map)) {
+    if ($l =~ m/^\s*build=(.*)$/) {
+      $buildvar = $1;
+    }
+
+    my $start;
+    my $finish;
+    my $offset;
+    my $lib;
+    if ($l =~ /^($h)-($h)\s+..x.\s+($h)\s+\S+:\S+\s+\d+\s+(\S+\.(so|dll|dylib|bundle)((\.\d+)+\w*(\.\d+){0,3})?)$/i) {
+      # Full line from /proc/self/maps.  Example:
+      #   40000000-40015000 r-xp 00000000 03:01 12845071   /lib/ld-2.3.2.so
+      $start = HexExtend($1);
+      $finish = HexExtend($2);
+      $offset = HexExtend($3);
+      $lib = $4;
+      $lib =~ s|\\|/|g;     # turn windows-style paths into unix-style paths
+    } elsif ($l =~ /^\s*($h)-($h):\s*(\S+\.so(\.\d+)*)/) {
+      # Cooked line from DumpAddressMap.  Example:
+      #   40000000-40015000: /lib/ld-2.3.2.so
+      $start = HexExtend($1);
+      $finish = HexExtend($2);
+      $offset = $zero_offset;
+      $lib = $3;
+    } else {
+      next;
+    }
+
+    # Expand "$build" variable if available
+    $lib =~ s/\$build\b/$buildvar/g;
+
+    $lib = FindLibrary($lib);
+
+    # Check for pre-relocated libraries, which use pre-relocated symbol tables
+    # and thus require adjusting the offset that we'll use to translate
+    # VM addresses into symbol table addresses.
+    # Only do this if we're not going to fetch the symbol table from a
+    # debugging copy of the library.
+    if (!DebuggingLibrary($lib)) {
+      my $text = ParseTextSectionHeader($lib);
+      if (defined($text)) {
+         my $vma_offset = AddressSub($text->{vma}, $text->{file_offset});
+         $offset = AddressAdd($offset, $vma_offset);
+      }
+    }
+
+    push(@{$result}, [$lib, $start, $finish, $offset]);
+  }
+
+  # Append special entry for additional library (not relocated)
+  if ($main::opt_lib ne "") {
+    my $text = ParseTextSectionHeader($main::opt_lib);
+    if (defined($text)) {
+       my $start = $text->{vma};
+       my $finish = AddressAdd($start, $text->{size});
+
+       push(@{$result}, [$main::opt_lib, $start, $finish, $start]);
+    }
+  }
+
+  # Append special entry for the main program.  This covers
+  # 0..max_pc_value_seen, so that we assume pc values not found in one
+  # of the library ranges will be treated as coming from the main
+  # program binary.
+  my $min_pc = HexExtend("0");
+  my $max_pc = $min_pc;          # find the maximal PC value in any sample
+  foreach my $pc (keys(%{$pcs})) {
+    if (HexExtend($pc) gt $max_pc) { $max_pc = HexExtend($pc); }
+  }
+  push(@{$result}, [$prog, $min_pc, $max_pc, $zero_offset]);
+
+  return $result;
+}
+
+# Add two hex addresses of length $address_length.
+# Run pprof --test for unit test if this is changed.
+sub AddressAdd {
+  my $addr1 = shift;
+  my $addr2 = shift;
+  my $sum;
+
+  if ($address_length == 8) {
+    # Perl doesn't cope with wraparound arithmetic, so do it explicitly:
+    $sum = (hex($addr1)+hex($addr2)) % (0x10000000 * 16);
+    return sprintf("%08x", $sum);
+
+  } else {
+    # Do the addition in 7-nibble chunks to trivialize carry handling.
+
+    if ($main::opt_debug and $main::opt_test) {
+      print STDERR "AddressAdd $addr1 + $addr2 = ";
+    }
+
+    my $a1 = substr($addr1,-7);
+    $addr1 = substr($addr1,0,-7);
+    my $a2 = substr($addr2,-7);
+    $addr2 = substr($addr2,0,-7);
+    $sum = hex($a1) + hex($a2);
+    my $c = 0;
+    if ($sum > 0xfffffff) {
+      $c = 1;
+      $sum -= 0x10000000;
+    }
+    my $r = sprintf("%07x", $sum);
+
+    $a1 = substr($addr1,-7);
+    $addr1 = substr($addr1,0,-7);
+    $a2 = substr($addr2,-7);
+    $addr2 = substr($addr2,0,-7);
+    $sum = hex($a1) + hex($a2) + $c;
+    $c = 0;
+    if ($sum > 0xfffffff) {
+      $c = 1;
+      $sum -= 0x10000000;
+    }
+    $r = sprintf("%07x", $sum) . $r;
+
+    $sum = hex($addr1) + hex($addr2) + $c;
+    if ($sum > 0xff) { $sum -= 0x100; }
+    $r = sprintf("%02x", $sum) . $r;
+
+    if ($main::opt_debug and $main::opt_test) { print STDERR "$r\n"; }
+
+    return $r;
+  }
+}
+
+
+# Subtract two hex addresses of length $address_length.
+# Run pprof --test for unit test if this is changed.
+sub AddressSub {
+  my $addr1 = shift;
+  my $addr2 = shift;
+  my $diff;
+
+  if ($address_length == 8) {
+    # Perl doesn't cope with wraparound arithmetic, so do it explicitly:
+    $diff = (hex($addr1)-hex($addr2)) % (0x10000000 * 16);
+    return sprintf("%08x", $diff);
+
+  } else {
+    # Do the addition in 7-nibble chunks to trivialize borrow handling.
+    # if ($main::opt_debug) { print STDERR "AddressSub $addr1 - $addr2 = "; }
+
+    my $a1 = hex(substr($addr1,-7));
+    $addr1 = substr($addr1,0,-7);
+    my $a2 = hex(substr($addr2,-7));
+    $addr2 = substr($addr2,0,-7);
+    my $b = 0;
+    if ($a2 > $a1) {
+      $b = 1;
+      $a1 += 0x10000000;
+    }
+    $diff = $a1 - $a2;
+    my $r = sprintf("%07x", $diff);
+
+    $a1 = hex(substr($addr1,-7));
+    $addr1 = substr($addr1,0,-7);
+    $a2 = hex(substr($addr2,-7)) + $b;
+    $addr2 = substr($addr2,0,-7);
+    $b = 0;
+    if ($a2 > $a1) {
+      $b = 1;
+      $a1 += 0x10000000;
+    }
+    $diff = $a1 - $a2;
+    $r = sprintf("%07x", $diff) . $r;
+
+    $a1 = hex($addr1);
+    $a2 = hex($addr2) + $b;
+    if ($a2 > $a1) { $a1 += 0x100; }
+    $diff = $a1 - $a2;
+    $r = sprintf("%02x", $diff) . $r;
+
+    # if ($main::opt_debug) { print STDERR "$r\n"; }
+
+    return $r;
+  }
+}
+
+# Increment a hex addresses of length $address_length.
+# Run pprof --test for unit test if this is changed.
+sub AddressInc {
+  my $addr = shift;
+  my $sum;
+
+  if ($address_length == 8) {
+    # Perl doesn't cope with wraparound arithmetic, so do it explicitly:
+    $sum = (hex($addr)+1) % (0x10000000 * 16);
+    return sprintf("%08x", $sum);
+
+  } else {
+    # Do the addition in 7-nibble chunks to trivialize carry handling.
+    # We are always doing this to step through the addresses in a function,
+    # and will almost never overflow the first chunk, so we check for this
+    # case and exit early.
+
+    # if ($main::opt_debug) { print STDERR "AddressInc $addr1 = "; }
+
+    my $a1 = substr($addr,-7);
+    $addr = substr($addr,0,-7);
+    $sum = hex($a1) + 1;
+    my $r = sprintf("%07x", $sum);
+    if ($sum <= 0xfffffff) {
+      $r = $addr . $r;
+      # if ($main::opt_debug) { print STDERR "$r\n"; }
+      return HexExtend($r);
+    } else {
+      $r = "0000000";
+    }
+
+    $a1 = substr($addr,-7);
+    $addr = substr($addr,0,-7);
+    $sum = hex($a1) + 1;
+    $r = sprintf("%07x", $sum) . $r;
+    if ($sum <= 0xfffffff) {
+      $r = $addr . $r;
+      # if ($main::opt_debug) { print STDERR "$r\n"; }
+      return HexExtend($r);
+    } else {
+      $r = "00000000000000";
+    }
+
+    $sum = hex($addr) + 1;
+    if ($sum > 0xff) { $sum -= 0x100; }
+    $r = sprintf("%02x", $sum) . $r;
+
+    # if ($main::opt_debug) { print STDERR "$r\n"; }
+    return $r;
+  }
+}
+
+# Extract symbols for all PC values found in profile
+sub ExtractSymbols {
+  my $libs = shift;
+  my $pcset = shift;
+
+  my $symbols = {};
+
+  # Map each PC value to the containing library.  To make this faster,
+  # we sort libraries by their starting pc value (highest first), and
+  # advance through the libraries as we advance the pc.  Sometimes the
+  # addresses of libraries may overlap with the addresses of the main
+  # binary, so to make sure the libraries 'win', we iterate over the
+  # libraries in reverse order (which assumes the binary doesn't start
+  # in the middle of a library, which seems a fair assumption).
+  my @pcs = (sort { $a cmp $b } keys(%{$pcset}));  # pcset is 0-extended strings
+  foreach my $lib (sort {$b->[1] cmp $a->[1]} @{$libs}) {
+    my $libname = $lib->[0];
+    my $start = $lib->[1];
+    my $finish = $lib->[2];
+    my $offset = $lib->[3];
+
+    # Get list of pcs that belong in this library.
+    my $contained = [];
+    my ($start_pc_index, $finish_pc_index);
+    # Find smallest finish_pc_index such that $finish < $pc[$finish_pc_index].
+    for ($finish_pc_index = $#pcs + 1; $finish_pc_index > 0;
+         $finish_pc_index--) {
+      last if $pcs[$finish_pc_index - 1] le $finish;
+    }
+    # Find smallest start_pc_index such that $start <= $pc[$start_pc_index].
+    for ($start_pc_index = $finish_pc_index; $start_pc_index > 0;
+         $start_pc_index--) {
+      last if $pcs[$start_pc_index - 1] lt $start;
+    }
+    # This keeps PC values higher than $pc[$finish_pc_index] in @pcs,
+    # in case there are overlaps in libraries and the main binary.
+    @{$contained} = splice(@pcs, $start_pc_index,
+                           $finish_pc_index - $start_pc_index);
+    # Map to symbols
+    MapToSymbols($libname, AddressSub($start, $offset), $contained, $symbols);
+  }
+
+  return $symbols;
+}
+
+# Map list of PC values to symbols for a given image
+sub MapToSymbols {
+  my $image = shift;
+  my $offset = shift;
+  my $pclist = shift;
+  my $symbols = shift;
+
+  my $debug = 0;
+
+  # Ignore empty binaries
+  if ($#{$pclist} < 0) { return; }
+
+  # Figure out the addr2line command to use
+  my $addr2line = $obj_tool_map{"addr2line"};
+  my $cmd = ShellEscape($addr2line, "-f", "-C", "-e", $image);
+  if (exists $obj_tool_map{"addr2line_pdb"}) {
+    $addr2line = $obj_tool_map{"addr2line_pdb"};
+    $cmd = ShellEscape($addr2line, "--demangle", "-f", "-C", "-e", $image);
+  }
+
+  # If "addr2line" isn't installed on the system at all, just use
+  # nm to get what info we can (function names, but not line numbers).
+  if (system(ShellEscape($addr2line, "--help") . " >$dev_null 2>&1") != 0) {
+    MapSymbolsWithNM($image, $offset, $pclist, $symbols);
+    return;
+  }
+
+  # "addr2line -i" can produce a variable number of lines per input
+  # address, with no separator that allows us to tell when data for
+  # the next address starts.  So we find the address for a special
+  # symbol (_fini) and interleave this address between all real
+  # addresses passed to addr2line.  The name of this special symbol
+  # can then be used as a separator.
+  $sep_address = undef;  # May be filled in by MapSymbolsWithNM()
+  my $nm_symbols = {};
+  MapSymbolsWithNM($image, $offset, $pclist, $nm_symbols);
+  if (defined($sep_address)) {
+    # Only add " -i" to addr2line if the binary supports it.
+    # addr2line --help returns 0, but not if it sees an unknown flag first.
+    if (system("$cmd -i --help >$dev_null 2>&1") == 0) {
+      $cmd .= " -i";
+    } else {
+      $sep_address = undef;   # no need for sep_address if we don't support -i
+    }
+  }
+
+  # Make file with all PC values with intervening 'sep_address' so
+  # that we can reliably detect the end of inlined function list
+  open(ADDRESSES, ">$main::tmpfile_sym") || error("$main::tmpfile_sym: $!\n");
+  if ($debug) { print("---- $image ---\n"); }
+  for (my $i = 0; $i <= $#{$pclist}; $i++) {
+    # addr2line always reads hex addresses, and does not need '0x' prefix.
+    if ($debug) { printf STDERR ("%s\n", $pclist->[$i]); }
+    printf ADDRESSES ("%s\n", AddressSub($pclist->[$i], $offset));
+    if (defined($sep_address)) {
+      printf ADDRESSES ("%s\n", $sep_address);
+    }
+  }
+  close(ADDRESSES);
+  if ($debug) {
+    print("----\n");
+    system("cat", $main::tmpfile_sym);
+    print("----\n");
+    system("$cmd < " . ShellEscape($main::tmpfile_sym));
+    print("----\n");
+  }
+
+  open(SYMBOLS, "$cmd <" . ShellEscape($main::tmpfile_sym) . " |")
+      || error("$cmd: $!\n");
+  my $count = 0;   # Index in pclist
+  while (<SYMBOLS>) {
+    # Read fullfunction and filelineinfo from next pair of lines
+    s/\r?\n$//g;
+    my $fullfunction = $_;
+    $_ = <SYMBOLS>;
+    s/\r?\n$//g;
+    my $filelinenum = $_;
+
+    if (defined($sep_address) && $fullfunction eq $sep_symbol) {
+      # Terminating marker for data for this address
+      $count++;
+      next;
+    }
+
+    $filelinenum =~ s|\\|/|g; # turn windows-style paths into unix-style paths
+
+    my $pcstr = $pclist->[$count];
+    my $function = ShortFunctionName($fullfunction);
+    my $nms = $nm_symbols->{$pcstr};
+    if (defined($nms)) {
+      if ($fullfunction eq '??') {
+        # nm found a symbol for us.
+        $function = $nms->[0];
+        $fullfunction = $nms->[2];
+      } else {
+	# MapSymbolsWithNM tags each routine with its starting address,
+	# useful in case the image has multiple occurrences of this
+	# routine.  (It uses a syntax that resembles template paramters,
+	# that are automatically stripped out by ShortFunctionName().)
+	# addr2line does not provide the same information.  So we check
+	# if nm disambiguated our symbol, and if so take the annotated
+	# (nm) version of the routine-name.  TODO(csilvers): this won't
+	# catch overloaded, inlined symbols, which nm doesn't see.
+	# Better would be to do a check similar to nm's, in this fn.
+	if ($nms->[2] =~ m/^\Q$function\E/) {  # sanity check it's the right fn
+	  $function = $nms->[0];
+	  $fullfunction = $nms->[2];
+	}
+      }
+    }
+    
+    # Prepend to accumulated symbols for pcstr
+    # (so that caller comes before callee)
+    my $sym = $symbols->{$pcstr};
+    if (!defined($sym)) {
+      $sym = [];
+      $symbols->{$pcstr} = $sym;
+    }
+    unshift(@{$sym}, $function, $filelinenum, $fullfunction);
+    if ($debug) { printf STDERR ("%s => [%s]\n", $pcstr, join(" ", @{$sym})); }
+    if (!defined($sep_address)) {
+      # Inlining is off, so this entry ends immediately
+      $count++;
+    }
+  }
+  close(SYMBOLS);
+}
+
+# Use nm to map the list of referenced PCs to symbols.  Return true iff we
+# are able to read procedure information via nm.
+sub MapSymbolsWithNM {
+  my $image = shift;
+  my $offset = shift;
+  my $pclist = shift;
+  my $symbols = shift;
+
+  # Get nm output sorted by increasing address
+  my $symbol_table = GetProcedureBoundaries($image, ".");
+  if (!%{$symbol_table}) {
+    return 0;
+  }
+  # Start addresses are already the right length (8 or 16 hex digits).
+  my @names = sort { $symbol_table->{$a}->[0] cmp $symbol_table->{$b}->[0] }
+    keys(%{$symbol_table});
+
+  if ($#names < 0) {
+    # No symbols: just use addresses
+    foreach my $pc (@{$pclist}) {
+      my $pcstr = "0x" . $pc;
+      $symbols->{$pc} = [$pcstr, "?", $pcstr];
+    }
+    return 0;
+  }
+
+  # Sort addresses so we can do a join against nm output
+  my $index = 0;
+  my $fullname = $names[0];
+  my $name = ShortFunctionName($fullname);
+  foreach my $pc (sort { $a cmp $b } @{$pclist}) {
+    # Adjust for mapped offset
+    my $mpc = AddressSub($pc, $offset);
+    while (($index < $#names) && ($mpc ge $symbol_table->{$fullname}->[1])){
+      $index++;
+      $fullname = $names[$index];
+      $name = ShortFunctionName($fullname);
+    }
+    if ($mpc lt $symbol_table->{$fullname}->[1]) {
+      $symbols->{$pc} = [$name, "?", $fullname];
+    } else {
+      my $pcstr = "0x" . $pc;
+      $symbols->{$pc} = [$pcstr, "?", $pcstr];
+    }
+  }
+  return 1;
+}
+
+sub ShortFunctionName {
+  my $function = shift;
+  while ($function =~ s/\([^()]*\)(\s*const)?//g) { }   # Argument types
+  while ($function =~ s/<[^<>]*>//g)  { }    # Remove template arguments
+  $function =~ s/^.*\s+(\w+::)/$1/;          # Remove leading type
+  return $function;
+}
+
+# Trim overly long symbols found in disassembler output
+sub CleanDisassembly {
+  my $d = shift;
+  while ($d =~ s/\([^()%]*\)(\s*const)?//g) { } # Argument types, not (%rax)
+  while ($d =~ s/(\w+)<[^<>]*>/$1/g)  { }       # Remove template arguments
+  return $d;
+}
+
+# Clean file name for display
+sub CleanFileName {
+  my ($f) = @_;
+  $f =~ s|^/proc/self/cwd/||;
+  $f =~ s|^\./||;
+  return $f;
+}
+
+# Make address relative to section and clean up for display
+sub UnparseAddress {
+  my ($offset, $address) = @_;
+  $address = AddressSub($address, $offset);
+  $address =~ s/^0x//;
+  $address =~ s/^0*//;
+  return $address;
+}
+
+##### Miscellaneous #####
+
+# Find the right versions of the above object tools to use.  The
+# argument is the program file being analyzed, and should be an ELF
+# 32-bit or ELF 64-bit executable file.  The location of the tools
+# is determined by considering the following options in this order:
+#   1) --tools option, if set
+#   2) PPROF_TOOLS environment variable, if set
+#   3) the environment
+sub ConfigureObjTools {
+  my $prog_file = shift;
+
+  # Check for the existence of $prog_file because /usr/bin/file does not
+  # predictably return error status in prod.
+  (-e $prog_file)  || error("$prog_file does not exist.\n");
+
+  my $file_type = undef;
+  if (-e "/usr/bin/file") {
+    # Follow symlinks (at least for systems where "file" supports that).
+    my $escaped_prog_file = ShellEscape($prog_file);
+    $file_type = `/usr/bin/file -L $escaped_prog_file 2>$dev_null ||
+                  /usr/bin/file $escaped_prog_file`;
+  } elsif ($^O == "MSWin32") {
+    $file_type = "MS Windows";
+  } else {
+    print STDERR "WARNING: Can't determine the file type of $prog_file";
+  }
+
+  if ($file_type =~ /64-bit/) {
+    # Change $address_length to 16 if the program file is ELF 64-bit.
+    # We can't detect this from many (most?) heap or lock contention
+    # profiles, since the actual addresses referenced are generally in low
+    # memory even for 64-bit programs.
+    $address_length = 16;
+  }
+
+  if ($file_type =~ /MS Windows/) {
+    # For windows, we provide a version of nm and addr2line as part of
+    # the opensource release, which is capable of parsing
+    # Windows-style PDB executables.  It should live in the path, or
+    # in the same directory as pprof.
+    $obj_tool_map{"nm_pdb"} = "nm-pdb";
+    $obj_tool_map{"addr2line_pdb"} = "addr2line-pdb";
+  }
+
+  if ($file_type =~ /Mach-O/) {
+    # OS X uses otool to examine Mach-O files, rather than objdump.
+    $obj_tool_map{"otool"} = "otool";
+    $obj_tool_map{"addr2line"} = "false";  # no addr2line
+    $obj_tool_map{"objdump"} = "false";  # no objdump
+  }
+
+  # Go fill in %obj_tool_map with the pathnames to use:
+  foreach my $tool (keys %obj_tool_map) {
+    $obj_tool_map{$tool} = ConfigureTool($obj_tool_map{$tool});
+  }
+}
+
+# Returns the path of a caller-specified object tool.  If --tools or
+# PPROF_TOOLS are specified, then returns the full path to the tool
+# with that prefix.  Otherwise, returns the path unmodified (which
+# means we will look for it on PATH).
+sub ConfigureTool {
+  my $tool = shift;
+  my $path;
+
+  # --tools (or $PPROF_TOOLS) is a comma separated list, where each
+  # item is either a) a pathname prefix, or b) a map of the form
+  # <tool>:<path>.  First we look for an entry of type (b) for our
+  # tool.  If one is found, we use it.  Otherwise, we consider all the
+  # pathname prefixes in turn, until one yields an existing file.  If
+  # none does, we use a default path.
+  my $tools = $main::opt_tools || $ENV{"PPROF_TOOLS"} || "";
+  if ($tools =~ m/(,|^)\Q$tool\E:([^,]*)/) {
+    $path = $2;
+    # TODO(csilvers): sanity-check that $path exists?  Hard if it's relative.
+  } elsif ($tools ne '') {
+    foreach my $prefix (split(',', $tools)) {
+      next if ($prefix =~ /:/);    # ignore "tool:fullpath" entries in the list
+      if (-x $prefix . $tool) {
+        $path = $prefix . $tool;
+        last;
+      }
+    }
+    if (!$path) {
+      error("No '$tool' found with prefix specified by " .
+            "--tools (or \$PPROF_TOOLS) '$tools'\n");
+    }
+  } else {
+    # ... otherwise use the version that exists in the same directory as
+    # pprof.  If there's nothing there, use $PATH.
+    $0 =~ m,[^/]*$,;     # this is everything after the last slash
+    my $dirname = $`;    # this is everything up to and including the last slash
+    if (-x "$dirname$tool") {
+      $path = "$dirname$tool";
+    } else { 
+      $path = $tool;
+    }
+  }
+  if ($main::opt_debug) { print STDERR "Using '$path' for '$tool'.\n"; }
+  return $path;
+}
+
+sub ShellEscape {
+  my @escaped_words = ();
+  foreach my $word (@_) {
+    my $escaped_word = $word;
+    if ($word =~ m![^a-zA-Z0-9/.,_=-]!) {  # check for anything not in whitelist
+      $escaped_word =~ s/'/'\\''/;
+      $escaped_word = "'$escaped_word'";
+    }
+    push(@escaped_words, $escaped_word);
+  }
+  return join(" ", @escaped_words);
+}
+
+sub cleanup {
+  unlink($main::tmpfile_sym);
+  unlink(keys %main::tempnames);
+
+  # We leave any collected profiles in $HOME/pprof in case the user wants
+  # to look at them later.  We print a message informing them of this.
+  if ((scalar(@main::profile_files) > 0) &&
+      defined($main::collected_profile)) {
+    if (scalar(@main::profile_files) == 1) {
+      print STDERR "Dynamically gathered profile is in $main::collected_profile\n";
+    }
+    print STDERR "If you want to investigate this profile further, you can do:\n";
+    print STDERR "\n";
+    print STDERR "  pprof \\\n";
+    print STDERR "    $main::prog \\\n";
+    print STDERR "    $main::collected_profile\n";
+    print STDERR "\n";
+  }
+}
+
+sub sighandler {
+  cleanup();
+  exit(1);
+}
+
+sub error {
+  my $msg = shift;
+  print STDERR $msg;
+  cleanup();
+  exit(1);
+}
+
+
+# Run $nm_command and get all the resulting procedure boundaries whose
+# names match "$regexp" and returns them in a hashtable mapping from
+# procedure name to a two-element vector of [start address, end address]
+sub GetProcedureBoundariesViaNm {
+  my $escaped_nm_command = shift;    # shell-escaped
+  my $regexp = shift;
+
+  my $symbol_table = {};
+  open(NM, "$escaped_nm_command |") || error("$escaped_nm_command: $!\n");
+  my $last_start = "0";
+  my $routine = "";
+  while (<NM>) {
+    s/\r//g;         # turn windows-looking lines into unix-looking lines
+    if (m/^\s*([0-9a-f]+) (.) (..*)/) {
+      my $start_val = $1;
+      my $type = $2;
+      my $this_routine = $3;
+
+      # It's possible for two symbols to share the same address, if
+      # one is a zero-length variable (like __start_google_malloc) or
+      # one symbol is a weak alias to another (like __libc_malloc).
+      # In such cases, we want to ignore all values except for the
+      # actual symbol, which in nm-speak has type "T".  The logic
+      # below does this, though it's a bit tricky: what happens when
+      # we have a series of lines with the same address, is the first
+      # one gets queued up to be processed.  However, it won't
+      # *actually* be processed until later, when we read a line with
+      # a different address.  That means that as long as we're reading
+      # lines with the same address, we have a chance to replace that
+      # item in the queue, which we do whenever we see a 'T' entry --
+      # that is, a line with type 'T'.  If we never see a 'T' entry,
+      # we'll just go ahead and process the first entry (which never
+      # got touched in the queue), and ignore the others.
+      if ($start_val eq $last_start && $type =~ /t/i) {
+        # We are the 'T' symbol at this address, replace previous symbol.
+        $routine = $this_routine;
+        next;
+      } elsif ($start_val eq $last_start) {
+        # We're not the 'T' symbol at this address, so ignore us.
+        next;
+      }
+
+      if ($this_routine eq $sep_symbol) {
+        $sep_address = HexExtend($start_val);
+      }
+
+      # Tag this routine with the starting address in case the image
+      # has multiple occurrences of this routine.  We use a syntax
+      # that resembles template paramters that are automatically
+      # stripped out by ShortFunctionName()
+      $this_routine .= "<$start_val>";
+
+      if (defined($routine) && $routine =~ m/$regexp/) {
+        $symbol_table->{$routine} = [HexExtend($last_start),
+                                     HexExtend($start_val)];
+      }
+      $last_start = $start_val;
+      $routine = $this_routine;
+    } elsif (m/^Loaded image name: (.+)/) {
+      # The win32 nm workalike emits information about the binary it is using.
+      if ($main::opt_debug) { print STDERR "Using Image $1\n"; }
+    } elsif (m/^PDB file name: (.+)/) {
+      # The win32 nm workalike emits information about the pdb it is using.
+      if ($main::opt_debug) { print STDERR "Using PDB $1\n"; }
+    }
+  }
+  close(NM);
+  # Handle the last line in the nm output.  Unfortunately, we don't know
+  # how big this last symbol is, because we don't know how big the file
+  # is.  For now, we just give it a size of 0.
+  # TODO(csilvers): do better here.
+  if (defined($routine) && $routine =~ m/$regexp/) {
+    $symbol_table->{$routine} = [HexExtend($last_start),
+                                 HexExtend($last_start)];
+  }
+  return $symbol_table;
+}
+
+# Gets the procedure boundaries for all routines in "$image" whose names
+# match "$regexp" and returns them in a hashtable mapping from procedure
+# name to a two-element vector of [start address, end address].
+# Will return an empty map if nm is not installed or not working properly.
+sub GetProcedureBoundaries {
+  my $image = shift;
+  my $regexp = shift;
+
+  # If $image doesn't start with /, then put ./ in front of it.  This works
+  # around an obnoxious bug in our probing of nm -f behavior.
+  # "nm -f $image" is supposed to fail on GNU nm, but if:
+  #
+  # a. $image starts with [BbSsPp] (for example, bin/foo/bar), AND
+  # b. you have a.out in your current directory (a not uncommon occurence)
+  #
+  # then "nm -f $image" succeeds because -f only looks at the first letter of
+  # the argument, which looks valid because it's [BbSsPp], and then since
+  # there's no image provided, it looks for a.out and finds it.
+  #
+  # This regex makes sure that $image starts with . or /, forcing the -f
+  # parsing to fail since . and / are not valid formats.
+  $image =~ s#^[^/]#./$&#;
+
+  # For libc libraries, the copy in /usr/lib/debug contains debugging symbols
+  my $debugging = DebuggingLibrary($image);
+  if ($debugging) {
+    $image = $debugging;
+  }
+
+  my $nm = $obj_tool_map{"nm"};
+  my $cppfilt = $obj_tool_map{"c++filt"};
+
+  # nm can fail for two reasons: 1) $image isn't a debug library; 2) nm
+  # binary doesn't support --demangle.  In addition, for OS X we need
+  # to use the -f flag to get 'flat' nm output (otherwise we don't sort
+  # properly and get incorrect results).  Unfortunately, GNU nm uses -f
+  # in an incompatible way.  So first we test whether our nm supports
+  # --demangle and -f.
+  my $demangle_flag = "";
+  my $cppfilt_flag = "";
+  my $to_devnull = ">$dev_null 2>&1";
+  if (system(ShellEscape($nm, "--demangle", "image") . $to_devnull) == 0) {
+    # In this mode, we do "nm --demangle <foo>"
+    $demangle_flag = "--demangle";
+    $cppfilt_flag = "";
+  } elsif (system(ShellEscape($cppfilt, $image) . $to_devnull) == 0) {
+    # In this mode, we do "nm <foo> | c++filt"
+    $cppfilt_flag = " | " . ShellEscape($cppfilt);
+  };
+  my $flatten_flag = "";
+  if (system(ShellEscape($nm, "-f", $image) . $to_devnull) == 0) {
+    $flatten_flag = "-f";
+  }
+
+  # Finally, in the case $imagie isn't a debug library, we try again with
+  # -D to at least get *exported* symbols.  If we can't use --demangle,
+  # we use c++filt instead, if it exists on this system.
+  my @nm_commands = (ShellEscape($nm, "-n", $flatten_flag, $demangle_flag,
+                                 $image) . " 2>$dev_null $cppfilt_flag",
+                     ShellEscape($nm, "-D", "-n", $flatten_flag, $demangle_flag,
+                                 $image) . " 2>$dev_null $cppfilt_flag",
+                     # 6nm is for Go binaries
+                     ShellEscape("6nm", "$image") . " 2>$dev_null | sort",
+                     );
+
+  # If the executable is an MS Windows PDB-format executable, we'll
+  # have set up obj_tool_map("nm_pdb").  In this case, we actually
+  # want to use both unix nm and windows-specific nm_pdb, since
+  # PDB-format executables can apparently include dwarf .o files.
+  if (exists $obj_tool_map{"nm_pdb"}) {
+    push(@nm_commands,
+         ShellEscape($obj_tool_map{"nm_pdb"}, "--demangle", $image)
+         . " 2>$dev_null");
+  }
+
+  foreach my $nm_command (@nm_commands) {
+    my $symbol_table = GetProcedureBoundariesViaNm($nm_command, $regexp);
+    return $symbol_table if (%{$symbol_table});
+  }
+  my $symbol_table = {};
+  return $symbol_table;
+}
+
+
+# The test vectors for AddressAdd/Sub/Inc are 8-16-nibble hex strings.
+# To make them more readable, we add underscores at interesting places.
+# This routine removes the underscores, producing the canonical representation
+# used by pprof to represent addresses, particularly in the tested routines.
+sub CanonicalHex {
+  my $arg = shift;
+  return join '', (split '_',$arg);
+}
+
+
+# Unit test for AddressAdd:
+sub AddressAddUnitTest {
+  my $test_data_8 = shift;
+  my $test_data_16 = shift;
+  my $error_count = 0;
+  my $fail_count = 0;
+  my $pass_count = 0;
+  # print STDERR "AddressAddUnitTest: ", 1+$#{$test_data_8}, " tests\n";
+
+  # First a few 8-nibble addresses.  Note that this implementation uses
+  # plain old arithmetic, so a quick sanity check along with verifying what
+  # happens to overflow (we want it to wrap):
+  $address_length = 8;
+  foreach my $row (@{$test_data_8}) {
+    if ($main::opt_debug and $main::opt_test) { print STDERR "@{$row}\n"; }
+    my $sum = AddressAdd ($row->[0], $row->[1]);
+    if ($sum ne $row->[2]) {
+      printf STDERR "ERROR: %s != %s + %s = %s\n", $sum,
+             $row->[0], $row->[1], $row->[2];
+      ++$fail_count;
+    } else {
+      ++$pass_count;
+    }
+  }
+  printf STDERR "AddressAdd 32-bit tests: %d passes, %d failures\n",
+         $pass_count, $fail_count;
+  $error_count = $fail_count;
+  $fail_count = 0;
+  $pass_count = 0;
+
+  # Now 16-nibble addresses.
+  $address_length = 16;
+  foreach my $row (@{$test_data_16}) {
+    if ($main::opt_debug and $main::opt_test) { print STDERR "@{$row}\n"; }
+    my $sum = AddressAdd (CanonicalHex($row->[0]), CanonicalHex($row->[1]));
+    my $expected = join '', (split '_',$row->[2]);
+    if ($sum ne CanonicalHex($row->[2])) {
+      printf STDERR "ERROR: %s != %s + %s = %s\n", $sum,
+             $row->[0], $row->[1], $row->[2];
+      ++$fail_count;
+    } else {
+      ++$pass_count;
+    }
+  }
+  printf STDERR "AddressAdd 64-bit tests: %d passes, %d failures\n",
+         $pass_count, $fail_count;
+  $error_count += $fail_count;
+
+  return $error_count;
+}
+
+
+# Unit test for AddressSub:
+sub AddressSubUnitTest {
+  my $test_data_8 = shift;
+  my $test_data_16 = shift;
+  my $error_count = 0;
+  my $fail_count = 0;
+  my $pass_count = 0;
+  # print STDERR "AddressSubUnitTest: ", 1+$#{$test_data_8}, " tests\n";
+
+  # First a few 8-nibble addresses.  Note that this implementation uses
+  # plain old arithmetic, so a quick sanity check along with verifying what
+  # happens to overflow (we want it to wrap):
+  $address_length = 8;
+  foreach my $row (@{$test_data_8}) {
+    if ($main::opt_debug and $main::opt_test) { print STDERR "@{$row}\n"; }
+    my $sum = AddressSub ($row->[0], $row->[1]);
+    if ($sum ne $row->[3]) {
+      printf STDERR "ERROR: %s != %s - %s = %s\n", $sum,
+             $row->[0], $row->[1], $row->[3];
+      ++$fail_count;
+    } else {
+      ++$pass_count;
+    }
+  }
+  printf STDERR "AddressSub 32-bit tests: %d passes, %d failures\n",
+         $pass_count, $fail_count;
+  $error_count = $fail_count;
+  $fail_count = 0;
+  $pass_count = 0;
+
+  # Now 16-nibble addresses.
+  $address_length = 16;
+  foreach my $row (@{$test_data_16}) {
+    if ($main::opt_debug and $main::opt_test) { print STDERR "@{$row}\n"; }
+    my $sum = AddressSub (CanonicalHex($row->[0]), CanonicalHex($row->[1]));
+    if ($sum ne CanonicalHex($row->[3])) {
+      printf STDERR "ERROR: %s != %s - %s = %s\n", $sum,
+             $row->[0], $row->[1], $row->[3];
+      ++$fail_count;
+    } else {
+      ++$pass_count;
+    }
+  }
+  printf STDERR "AddressSub 64-bit tests: %d passes, %d failures\n",
+         $pass_count, $fail_count;
+  $error_count += $fail_count;
+
+  return $error_count;
+}
+
+
+# Unit test for AddressInc:
+sub AddressIncUnitTest {
+  my $test_data_8 = shift;
+  my $test_data_16 = shift;
+  my $error_count = 0;
+  my $fail_count = 0;
+  my $pass_count = 0;
+  # print STDERR "AddressIncUnitTest: ", 1+$#{$test_data_8}, " tests\n";
+
+  # First a few 8-nibble addresses.  Note that this implementation uses
+  # plain old arithmetic, so a quick sanity check along with verifying what
+  # happens to overflow (we want it to wrap):
+  $address_length = 8;
+  foreach my $row (@{$test_data_8}) {
+    if ($main::opt_debug and $main::opt_test) { print STDERR "@{$row}\n"; }
+    my $sum = AddressInc ($row->[0]);
+    if ($sum ne $row->[4]) {
+      printf STDERR "ERROR: %s != %s + 1 = %s\n", $sum,
+             $row->[0], $row->[4];
+      ++$fail_count;
+    } else {
+      ++$pass_count;
+    }
+  }
+  printf STDERR "AddressInc 32-bit tests: %d passes, %d failures\n",
+         $pass_count, $fail_count;
+  $error_count = $fail_count;
+  $fail_count = 0;
+  $pass_count = 0;
+
+  # Now 16-nibble addresses.
+  $address_length = 16;
+  foreach my $row (@{$test_data_16}) {
+    if ($main::opt_debug and $main::opt_test) { print STDERR "@{$row}\n"; }
+    my $sum = AddressInc (CanonicalHex($row->[0]));
+    if ($sum ne CanonicalHex($row->[4])) {
+      printf STDERR "ERROR: %s != %s + 1 = %s\n", $sum,
+             $row->[0], $row->[4];
+      ++$fail_count;
+    } else {
+      ++$pass_count;
+    }
+  }
+  printf STDERR "AddressInc 64-bit tests: %d passes, %d failures\n",
+         $pass_count, $fail_count;
+  $error_count += $fail_count;
+
+  return $error_count;
+}
+
+
+# Driver for unit tests.
+# Currently just the address add/subtract/increment routines for 64-bit.
+sub RunUnitTests {
+  my $error_count = 0;
+
+  # This is a list of tuples [a, b, a+b, a-b, a+1]
+  my $unit_test_data_8 = [
+    [qw(aaaaaaaa 50505050 fafafafa 5a5a5a5a aaaaaaab)],
+    [qw(50505050 aaaaaaaa fafafafa a5a5a5a6 50505051)],
+    [qw(ffffffff aaaaaaaa aaaaaaa9 55555555 00000000)],
+    [qw(00000001 ffffffff 00000000 00000002 00000002)],
+    [qw(00000001 fffffff0 fffffff1 00000011 00000002)],
+  ];
+  my $unit_test_data_16 = [
+    # The implementation handles data in 7-nibble chunks, so those are the
+    # interesting boundaries.
+    [qw(aaaaaaaa 50505050
+        00_000000f_afafafa 00_0000005_a5a5a5a 00_000000a_aaaaaab)],
+    [qw(50505050 aaaaaaaa
+        00_000000f_afafafa ff_ffffffa_5a5a5a6 00_0000005_0505051)],
+    [qw(ffffffff aaaaaaaa
+        00_000001a_aaaaaa9 00_0000005_5555555 00_0000010_0000000)],
+    [qw(00000001 ffffffff
+        00_0000010_0000000 ff_ffffff0_0000002 00_0000000_0000002)],
+    [qw(00000001 fffffff0
+        00_000000f_ffffff1 ff_ffffff0_0000011 00_0000000_0000002)],
+
+    [qw(00_a00000a_aaaaaaa 50505050
+        00_a00000f_afafafa 00_a000005_a5a5a5a 00_a00000a_aaaaaab)],
+    [qw(0f_fff0005_0505050 aaaaaaaa
+        0f_fff000f_afafafa 0f_ffefffa_5a5a5a6 0f_fff0005_0505051)],
+    [qw(00_000000f_fffffff 01_800000a_aaaaaaa
+        01_800001a_aaaaaa9 fe_8000005_5555555 00_0000010_0000000)],
+    [qw(00_0000000_0000001 ff_fffffff_fffffff
+        00_0000000_0000000 00_0000000_0000002 00_0000000_0000002)],
+    [qw(00_0000000_0000001 ff_fffffff_ffffff0
+        ff_fffffff_ffffff1 00_0000000_0000011 00_0000000_0000002)],
+  ];
+
+  $error_count += AddressAddUnitTest($unit_test_data_8, $unit_test_data_16);
+  $error_count += AddressSubUnitTest($unit_test_data_8, $unit_test_data_16);
+  $error_count += AddressIncUnitTest($unit_test_data_8, $unit_test_data_16);
+  if ($error_count > 0) {
+    print STDERR $error_count, " errors: FAILED\n";
+  } else {
+    print STDERR "PASS\n";
+  }
+  exit ($error_count);
+}
new file mode 100755
--- /dev/null
+++ b/memory/jemalloc/src/config.guess
@@ -0,0 +1,1530 @@
+#! /bin/sh
+# Attempt to guess a canonical system name.
+#   Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999,
+#   2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010,
+#   2011, 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+
+timestamp='2012-02-10'
+
+# This file is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+# under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+# the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+# (at your option) any later version.
+#
+# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+# WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+# General Public License for more details.
+#
+# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+# along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+#
+# As a special exception to the GNU General Public License, if you
+# distribute this file as part of a program that contains a
+# configuration script generated by Autoconf, you may include it under
+# the same distribution terms that you use for the rest of that program.
+
+
+# Originally written by Per Bothner.  Please send patches (context
+# diff format) to <config-patches@gnu.org> and include a ChangeLog
+# entry.
+#
+# This script attempts to guess a canonical system name similar to
+# config.sub.  If it succeeds, it prints the system name on stdout, and
+# exits with 0.  Otherwise, it exits with 1.
+#
+# You can get the latest version of this script from:
+# http://git.savannah.gnu.org/gitweb/?p=config.git;a=blob_plain;f=config.guess;hb=HEAD
+
+me=`echo "$0" | sed -e 's,.*/,,'`
+
+usage="\
+Usage: $0 [OPTION]
+
+Output the configuration name of the system \`$me' is run on.
+
+Operation modes:
+  -h, --help         print this help, then exit
+  -t, --time-stamp   print date of last modification, then exit
+  -v, --version      print version number, then exit
+
+Report bugs and patches to <config-patches@gnu.org>."
+
+version="\
+GNU config.guess ($timestamp)
+
+Originally written by Per Bothner.
+Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000,
+2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012
+Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+
+This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO
+warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE."
+
+help="
+Try \`$me --help' for more information."
+
+# Parse command line
+while test $# -gt 0 ; do
+  case $1 in
+    --time-stamp | --time* | -t )
+       echo "$timestamp" ; exit ;;
+    --version | -v )
+       echo "$version" ; exit ;;
+    --help | --h* | -h )
+       echo "$usage"; exit ;;
+    -- )     # Stop option processing
+       shift; break ;;
+    - )	# Use stdin as input.
+       break ;;
+    -* )
+       echo "$me: invalid option $1$help" >&2
+       exit 1 ;;
+    * )
+       break ;;
+  esac
+done
+
+if test $# != 0; then
+  echo "$me: too many arguments$help" >&2
+  exit 1
+fi
+
+trap 'exit 1' 1 2 15
+
+# CC_FOR_BUILD -- compiler used by this script. Note that the use of a
+# compiler to aid in system detection is discouraged as it requires
+# temporary files to be created and, as you can see below, it is a
+# headache to deal with in a portable fashion.
+
+# Historically, `CC_FOR_BUILD' used to be named `HOST_CC'. We still
+# use `HOST_CC' if defined, but it is deprecated.
+
+# Portable tmp directory creation inspired by the Autoconf team.
+
+set_cc_for_build='
+trap "exitcode=\$?; (rm -f \$tmpfiles 2>/dev/null; rmdir \$tmp 2>/dev/null) && exit \$exitcode" 0 ;
+trap "rm -f \$tmpfiles 2>/dev/null; rmdir \$tmp 2>/dev/null; exit 1" 1 2 13 15 ;
+: ${TMPDIR=/tmp} ;
+ { tmp=`(umask 077 && mktemp -d "$TMPDIR/cgXXXXXX") 2>/dev/null` && test -n "$tmp" && test -d "$tmp" ; } ||
+ { test -n "$RANDOM" && tmp=$TMPDIR/cg$$-$RANDOM && (umask 077 && mkdir $tmp) ; } ||
+ { tmp=$TMPDIR/cg-$$ && (umask 077 && mkdir $tmp) && echo "Warning: creating insecure temp directory" >&2 ; } ||
+ { echo "$me: cannot create a temporary directory in $TMPDIR" >&2 ; exit 1 ; } ;
+dummy=$tmp/dummy ;
+tmpfiles="$dummy.c $dummy.o $dummy.rel $dummy" ;
+case $CC_FOR_BUILD,$HOST_CC,$CC in
+ ,,)    echo "int x;" > $dummy.c ;
+	for c in cc gcc c89 c99 ; do
+	  if ($c -c -o $dummy.o $dummy.c) >/dev/null 2>&1 ; then
+	     CC_FOR_BUILD="$c"; break ;
+	  fi ;
+	done ;
+	if test x"$CC_FOR_BUILD" = x ; then
+	  CC_FOR_BUILD=no_compiler_found ;
+	fi
+	;;
+ ,,*)   CC_FOR_BUILD=$CC ;;
+ ,*,*)  CC_FOR_BUILD=$HOST_CC ;;
+esac ; set_cc_for_build= ;'
+
+# This is needed to find uname on a Pyramid OSx when run in the BSD universe.
+# (ghazi@noc.rutgers.edu 1994-08-24)
+if (test -f /.attbin/uname) >/dev/null 2>&1 ; then
+	PATH=$PATH:/.attbin ; export PATH
+fi
+
+UNAME_MACHINE=`(uname -m) 2>/dev/null` || UNAME_MACHINE=unknown
+UNAME_RELEASE=`(uname -r) 2>/dev/null` || UNAME_RELEASE=unknown
+UNAME_SYSTEM=`(uname -s) 2>/dev/null`  || UNAME_SYSTEM=unknown
+UNAME_VERSION=`(uname -v) 2>/dev/null` || UNAME_VERSION=unknown
+
+# Note: order is significant - the case branches are not exclusive.
+
+case "${UNAME_MACHINE}:${UNAME_SYSTEM}:${UNAME_RELEASE}:${UNAME_VERSION}" in
+    *:NetBSD:*:*)
+	# NetBSD (nbsd) targets should (where applicable) match one or
+	# more of the tuples: *-*-netbsdelf*, *-*-netbsdaout*,
+	# *-*-netbsdecoff* and *-*-netbsd*.  For targets that recently
+	# switched to ELF, *-*-netbsd* would select the old
+	# object file format.  This provides both forward
+	# compatibility and a consistent mechanism for selecting the
+	# object file format.
+	#
+	# Note: NetBSD doesn't particularly care about the vendor
+	# portion of the name.  We always set it to "unknown".
+	sysctl="sysctl -n hw.machine_arch"
+	UNAME_MACHINE_ARCH=`(/sbin/$sysctl 2>/dev/null || \
+	    /usr/sbin/$sysctl 2>/dev/null || echo unknown)`
+	case "${UNAME_MACHINE_ARCH}" in
+	    armeb) machine=armeb-unknown ;;
+	    arm*) machine=arm-unknown ;;
+	    sh3el) machine=shl-unknown ;;
+	    sh3eb) machine=sh-unknown ;;
+	    sh5el) machine=sh5le-unknown ;;
+	    *) machine=${UNAME_MACHINE_ARCH}-unknown ;;
+	esac
+	# The Operating System including object format, if it has switched
+	# to ELF recently, or will in the future.
+	case "${UNAME_MACHINE_ARCH}" in
+	    arm*|i386|m68k|ns32k|sh3*|sparc|vax)
+		eval $set_cc_for_build
+		if echo __ELF__ | $CC_FOR_BUILD -E - 2>/dev/null \
+			| grep -q __ELF__
+		then
+		    # Once all utilities can be ECOFF (netbsdecoff) or a.out (netbsdaout).
+		    # Return netbsd for either.  FIX?
+		    os=netbsd
+		else
+		    os=netbsdelf
+		fi
+		;;
+	    *)
+		os=netbsd
+		;;
+	esac
+	# The OS release
+	# Debian GNU/NetBSD machines have a different userland, and
+	# thus, need a distinct triplet. However, they do not need
+	# kernel version information, so it can be replaced with a
+	# suitable tag, in the style of linux-gnu.
+	case "${UNAME_VERSION}" in
+	    Debian*)
+		release='-gnu'
+		;;
+	    *)
+		release=`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE}|sed -e 's/[-_].*/\./'`
+		;;
+	esac
+	# Since CPU_TYPE-MANUFACTURER-KERNEL-OPERATING_SYSTEM:
+	# contains redundant information, the shorter form:
+	# CPU_TYPE-MANUFACTURER-OPERATING_SYSTEM is used.
+	echo "${machine}-${os}${release}"
+	exit ;;
+    *:OpenBSD:*:*)
+	UNAME_MACHINE_ARCH=`arch | sed 's/OpenBSD.//'`
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE_ARCH}-unknown-openbsd${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    *:ekkoBSD:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-ekkobsd${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    *:SolidBSD:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-solidbsd${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    macppc:MirBSD:*:*)
+	echo powerpc-unknown-mirbsd${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    *:MirBSD:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-mirbsd${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    alpha:OSF1:*:*)
+	case $UNAME_RELEASE in
+	*4.0)
+		UNAME_RELEASE=`/usr/sbin/sizer -v | awk '{print $3}'`
+		;;
+	*5.*)
+		UNAME_RELEASE=`/usr/sbin/sizer -v | awk '{print $4}'`
+		;;
+	esac
+	# According to Compaq, /usr/sbin/psrinfo has been available on
+	# OSF/1 and Tru64 systems produced since 1995.  I hope that
+	# covers most systems running today.  This code pipes the CPU
+	# types through head -n 1, so we only detect the type of CPU 0.
+	ALPHA_CPU_TYPE=`/usr/sbin/psrinfo -v | sed -n -e 's/^  The alpha \(.*\) processor.*$/\1/p' | head -n 1`
+	case "$ALPHA_CPU_TYPE" in
+	    "EV4 (21064)")
+		UNAME_MACHINE="alpha" ;;
+	    "EV4.5 (21064)")
+		UNAME_MACHINE="alpha" ;;
+	    "LCA4 (21066/21068)")
+		UNAME_MACHINE="alpha" ;;
+	    "EV5 (21164)")
+		UNAME_MACHINE="alphaev5" ;;
+	    "EV5.6 (21164A)")
+		UNAME_MACHINE="alphaev56" ;;
+	    "EV5.6 (21164PC)")
+		UNAME_MACHINE="alphapca56" ;;
+	    "EV5.7 (21164PC)")
+		UNAME_MACHINE="alphapca57" ;;
+	    "EV6 (21264)")
+		UNAME_MACHINE="alphaev6" ;;
+	    "EV6.7 (21264A)")
+		UNAME_MACHINE="alphaev67" ;;
+	    "EV6.8CB (21264C)")
+		UNAME_MACHINE="alphaev68" ;;
+	    "EV6.8AL (21264B)")
+		UNAME_MACHINE="alphaev68" ;;
+	    "EV6.8CX (21264D)")
+		UNAME_MACHINE="alphaev68" ;;
+	    "EV6.9A (21264/EV69A)")
+		UNAME_MACHINE="alphaev69" ;;
+	    "EV7 (21364)")
+		UNAME_MACHINE="alphaev7" ;;
+	    "EV7.9 (21364A)")
+		UNAME_MACHINE="alphaev79" ;;
+	esac
+	# A Pn.n version is a patched version.
+	# A Vn.n version is a released version.
+	# A Tn.n version is a released field test version.
+	# A Xn.n version is an unreleased experimental baselevel.
+	# 1.2 uses "1.2" for uname -r.
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-dec-osf`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE} | sed -e 's/^[PVTX]//' | tr 'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ' 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz'`
+	# Reset EXIT trap before exiting to avoid spurious non-zero exit code.
+	exitcode=$?
+	trap '' 0
+	exit $exitcode ;;
+    Alpha\ *:Windows_NT*:*)
+	# How do we know it's Interix rather than the generic POSIX subsystem?
+	# Should we change UNAME_MACHINE based on the output of uname instead
+	# of the specific Alpha model?
+	echo alpha-pc-interix
+	exit ;;
+    21064:Windows_NT:50:3)
+	echo alpha-dec-winnt3.5
+	exit ;;
+    Amiga*:UNIX_System_V:4.0:*)
+	echo m68k-unknown-sysv4
+	exit ;;
+    *:[Aa]miga[Oo][Ss]:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-amigaos
+	exit ;;
+    *:[Mm]orph[Oo][Ss]:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-morphos
+	exit ;;
+    *:OS/390:*:*)
+	echo i370-ibm-openedition
+	exit ;;
+    *:z/VM:*:*)
+	echo s390-ibm-zvmoe
+	exit ;;
+    *:OS400:*:*)
+	echo powerpc-ibm-os400
+	exit ;;
+    arm:RISC*:1.[012]*:*|arm:riscix:1.[012]*:*)
+	echo arm-acorn-riscix${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    arm:riscos:*:*|arm:RISCOS:*:*)
+	echo arm-unknown-riscos
+	exit ;;
+    SR2?01:HI-UX/MPP:*:* | SR8000:HI-UX/MPP:*:*)
+	echo hppa1.1-hitachi-hiuxmpp
+	exit ;;
+    Pyramid*:OSx*:*:* | MIS*:OSx*:*:* | MIS*:SMP_DC-OSx*:*:*)
+	# akee@wpdis03.wpafb.af.mil (Earle F. Ake) contributed MIS and NILE.
+	if test "`(/bin/universe) 2>/dev/null`" = att ; then
+		echo pyramid-pyramid-sysv3
+	else
+		echo pyramid-pyramid-bsd
+	fi
+	exit ;;
+    NILE*:*:*:dcosx)
+	echo pyramid-pyramid-svr4
+	exit ;;
+    DRS?6000:unix:4.0:6*)
+	echo sparc-icl-nx6
+	exit ;;
+    DRS?6000:UNIX_SV:4.2*:7* | DRS?6000:isis:4.2*:7*)
+	case `/usr/bin/uname -p` in
+	    sparc) echo sparc-icl-nx7; exit ;;
+	esac ;;
+    s390x:SunOS:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-ibm-solaris2`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE}|sed -e 's/[^.]*//'`
+	exit ;;
+    sun4H:SunOS:5.*:*)
+	echo sparc-hal-solaris2`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE}|sed -e 's/[^.]*//'`
+	exit ;;
+    sun4*:SunOS:5.*:* | tadpole*:SunOS:5.*:*)
+	echo sparc-sun-solaris2`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE}|sed -e 's/[^.]*//'`
+	exit ;;
+    i86pc:AuroraUX:5.*:* | i86xen:AuroraUX:5.*:*)
+	echo i386-pc-auroraux${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    i86pc:SunOS:5.*:* | i86xen:SunOS:5.*:*)
+	eval $set_cc_for_build
+	SUN_ARCH="i386"
+	# If there is a compiler, see if it is configured for 64-bit objects.
+	# Note that the Sun cc does not turn __LP64__ into 1 like gcc does.
+	# This test works for both compilers.
+	if [ "$CC_FOR_BUILD" != 'no_compiler_found' ]; then
+	    if (echo '#ifdef __amd64'; echo IS_64BIT_ARCH; echo '#endif') | \
+		(CCOPTS= $CC_FOR_BUILD -E - 2>/dev/null) | \
+		grep IS_64BIT_ARCH >/dev/null
+	    then
+		SUN_ARCH="x86_64"
+	    fi
+	fi
+	echo ${SUN_ARCH}-pc-solaris2`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE}|sed -e 's/[^.]*//'`
+	exit ;;
+    sun4*:SunOS:6*:*)
+	# According to config.sub, this is the proper way to canonicalize
+	# SunOS6.  Hard to guess exactly what SunOS6 will be like, but
+	# it's likely to be more like Solaris than SunOS4.
+	echo sparc-sun-solaris3`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE}|sed -e 's/[^.]*//'`
+	exit ;;
+    sun4*:SunOS:*:*)
+	case "`/usr/bin/arch -k`" in
+	    Series*|S4*)
+		UNAME_RELEASE=`uname -v`
+		;;
+	esac
+	# Japanese Language versions have a version number like `4.1.3-JL'.
+	echo sparc-sun-sunos`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE}|sed -e 's/-/_/'`
+	exit ;;
+    sun3*:SunOS:*:*)
+	echo m68k-sun-sunos${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    sun*:*:4.2BSD:*)
+	UNAME_RELEASE=`(sed 1q /etc/motd | awk '{print substr($5,1,3)}') 2>/dev/null`
+	test "x${UNAME_RELEASE}" = "x" && UNAME_RELEASE=3
+	case "`/bin/arch`" in
+	    sun3)
+		echo m68k-sun-sunos${UNAME_RELEASE}
+		;;
+	    sun4)
+		echo sparc-sun-sunos${UNAME_RELEASE}
+		;;
+	esac
+	exit ;;
+    aushp:SunOS:*:*)
+	echo sparc-auspex-sunos${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    # The situation for MiNT is a little confusing.  The machine name
+    # can be virtually everything (everything which is not
+    # "atarist" or "atariste" at least should have a processor
+    # > m68000).  The system name ranges from "MiNT" over "FreeMiNT"
+    # to the lowercase version "mint" (or "freemint").  Finally
+    # the system name "TOS" denotes a system which is actually not
+    # MiNT.  But MiNT is downward compatible to TOS, so this should
+    # be no problem.
+    atarist[e]:*MiNT:*:* | atarist[e]:*mint:*:* | atarist[e]:*TOS:*:*)
+	echo m68k-atari-mint${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    atari*:*MiNT:*:* | atari*:*mint:*:* | atarist[e]:*TOS:*:*)
+	echo m68k-atari-mint${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    *falcon*:*MiNT:*:* | *falcon*:*mint:*:* | *falcon*:*TOS:*:*)
+	echo m68k-atari-mint${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    milan*:*MiNT:*:* | milan*:*mint:*:* | *milan*:*TOS:*:*)
+	echo m68k-milan-mint${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    hades*:*MiNT:*:* | hades*:*mint:*:* | *hades*:*TOS:*:*)
+	echo m68k-hades-mint${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    *:*MiNT:*:* | *:*mint:*:* | *:*TOS:*:*)
+	echo m68k-unknown-mint${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    m68k:machten:*:*)
+	echo m68k-apple-machten${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    powerpc:machten:*:*)
+	echo powerpc-apple-machten${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    RISC*:Mach:*:*)
+	echo mips-dec-mach_bsd4.3
+	exit ;;
+    RISC*:ULTRIX:*:*)
+	echo mips-dec-ultrix${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    VAX*:ULTRIX*:*:*)
+	echo vax-dec-ultrix${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    2020:CLIX:*:* | 2430:CLIX:*:*)
+	echo clipper-intergraph-clix${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    mips:*:*:UMIPS | mips:*:*:RISCos)
+	eval $set_cc_for_build
+	sed 's/^	//' << EOF >$dummy.c
+#ifdef __cplusplus
+#include <stdio.h>  /* for printf() prototype */
+	int main (int argc, char *argv[]) {
+#else
+	int main (argc, argv) int argc; char *argv[]; {
+#endif
+	#if defined (host_mips) && defined (MIPSEB)
+	#if defined (SYSTYPE_SYSV)
+	  printf ("mips-mips-riscos%ssysv\n", argv[1]); exit (0);
+	#endif
+	#if defined (SYSTYPE_SVR4)
+	  printf ("mips-mips-riscos%ssvr4\n", argv[1]); exit (0);
+	#endif
+	#if defined (SYSTYPE_BSD43) || defined(SYSTYPE_BSD)
+	  printf ("mips-mips-riscos%sbsd\n", argv[1]); exit (0);
+	#endif
+	#endif
+	  exit (-1);
+	}
+EOF
+	$CC_FOR_BUILD -o $dummy $dummy.c &&
+	  dummyarg=`echo "${UNAME_RELEASE}" | sed -n 's/\([0-9]*\).*/\1/p'` &&
+	  SYSTEM_NAME=`$dummy $dummyarg` &&
+	    { echo "$SYSTEM_NAME"; exit; }
+	echo mips-mips-riscos${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    Motorola:PowerMAX_OS:*:*)
+	echo powerpc-motorola-powermax
+	exit ;;
+    Motorola:*:4.3:PL8-*)
+	echo powerpc-harris-powermax
+	exit ;;
+    Night_Hawk:*:*:PowerMAX_OS | Synergy:PowerMAX_OS:*:*)
+	echo powerpc-harris-powermax
+	exit ;;
+    Night_Hawk:Power_UNIX:*:*)
+	echo powerpc-harris-powerunix
+	exit ;;
+    m88k:CX/UX:7*:*)
+	echo m88k-harris-cxux7
+	exit ;;
+    m88k:*:4*:R4*)
+	echo m88k-motorola-sysv4
+	exit ;;
+    m88k:*:3*:R3*)
+	echo m88k-motorola-sysv3
+	exit ;;
+    AViiON:dgux:*:*)
+	# DG/UX returns AViiON for all architectures
+	UNAME_PROCESSOR=`/usr/bin/uname -p`
+	if [ $UNAME_PROCESSOR = mc88100 ] || [ $UNAME_PROCESSOR = mc88110 ]
+	then
+	    if [ ${TARGET_BINARY_INTERFACE}x = m88kdguxelfx ] || \
+	       [ ${TARGET_BINARY_INTERFACE}x = x ]
+	    then
+		echo m88k-dg-dgux${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	    else
+		echo m88k-dg-dguxbcs${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	    fi
+	else
+	    echo i586-dg-dgux${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	fi
+	exit ;;
+    M88*:DolphinOS:*:*)	# DolphinOS (SVR3)
+	echo m88k-dolphin-sysv3
+	exit ;;
+    M88*:*:R3*:*)
+	# Delta 88k system running SVR3
+	echo m88k-motorola-sysv3
+	exit ;;
+    XD88*:*:*:*) # Tektronix XD88 system running UTekV (SVR3)
+	echo m88k-tektronix-sysv3
+	exit ;;
+    Tek43[0-9][0-9]:UTek:*:*) # Tektronix 4300 system running UTek (BSD)
+	echo m68k-tektronix-bsd
+	exit ;;
+    *:IRIX*:*:*)
+	echo mips-sgi-irix`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE}|sed -e 's/-/_/g'`
+	exit ;;
+    ????????:AIX?:[12].1:2)   # AIX 2.2.1 or AIX 2.1.1 is RT/PC AIX.
+	echo romp-ibm-aix     # uname -m gives an 8 hex-code CPU id
+	exit ;;               # Note that: echo "'`uname -s`'" gives 'AIX '
+    i*86:AIX:*:*)
+	echo i386-ibm-aix
+	exit ;;
+    ia64:AIX:*:*)
+	if [ -x /usr/bin/oslevel ] ; then
+		IBM_REV=`/usr/bin/oslevel`
+	else
+		IBM_REV=${UNAME_VERSION}.${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	fi
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-ibm-aix${IBM_REV}
+	exit ;;
+    *:AIX:2:3)
+	if grep bos325 /usr/include/stdio.h >/dev/null 2>&1; then
+		eval $set_cc_for_build
+		sed 's/^		//' << EOF >$dummy.c
+		#include <sys/systemcfg.h>
+
+		main()
+			{
+			if (!__power_pc())
+				exit(1);
+			puts("powerpc-ibm-aix3.2.5");
+			exit(0);
+			}
+EOF
+		if $CC_FOR_BUILD -o $dummy $dummy.c && SYSTEM_NAME=`$dummy`
+		then
+			echo "$SYSTEM_NAME"
+		else
+			echo rs6000-ibm-aix3.2.5
+		fi
+	elif grep bos324 /usr/include/stdio.h >/dev/null 2>&1; then
+		echo rs6000-ibm-aix3.2.4
+	else
+		echo rs6000-ibm-aix3.2
+	fi
+	exit ;;
+    *:AIX:*:[4567])
+	IBM_CPU_ID=`/usr/sbin/lsdev -C -c processor -S available | sed 1q | awk '{ print $1 }'`
+	if /usr/sbin/lsattr -El ${IBM_CPU_ID} | grep ' POWER' >/dev/null 2>&1; then
+		IBM_ARCH=rs6000
+	else
+		IBM_ARCH=powerpc
+	fi
+	if [ -x /usr/bin/oslevel ] ; then
+		IBM_REV=`/usr/bin/oslevel`
+	else
+		IBM_REV=${UNAME_VERSION}.${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	fi
+	echo ${IBM_ARCH}-ibm-aix${IBM_REV}
+	exit ;;
+    *:AIX:*:*)
+	echo rs6000-ibm-aix
+	exit ;;
+    ibmrt:4.4BSD:*|romp-ibm:BSD:*)
+	echo romp-ibm-bsd4.4
+	exit ;;
+    ibmrt:*BSD:*|romp-ibm:BSD:*)            # covers RT/PC BSD and
+	echo romp-ibm-bsd${UNAME_RELEASE}   # 4.3 with uname added to
+	exit ;;                             # report: romp-ibm BSD 4.3
+    *:BOSX:*:*)
+	echo rs6000-bull-bosx
+	exit ;;
+    DPX/2?00:B.O.S.:*:*)
+	echo m68k-bull-sysv3
+	exit ;;
+    9000/[34]??:4.3bsd:1.*:*)
+	echo m68k-hp-bsd
+	exit ;;
+    hp300:4.4BSD:*:* | 9000/[34]??:4.3bsd:2.*:*)
+	echo m68k-hp-bsd4.4
+	exit ;;
+    9000/[34678]??:HP-UX:*:*)
+	HPUX_REV=`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE}|sed -e 's/[^.]*.[0B]*//'`
+	case "${UNAME_MACHINE}" in
+	    9000/31? )            HP_ARCH=m68000 ;;
+	    9000/[34]?? )         HP_ARCH=m68k ;;
+	    9000/[678][0-9][0-9])
+		if [ -x /usr/bin/getconf ]; then
+		    sc_cpu_version=`/usr/bin/getconf SC_CPU_VERSION 2>/dev/null`
+		    sc_kernel_bits=`/usr/bin/getconf SC_KERNEL_BITS 2>/dev/null`
+		    case "${sc_cpu_version}" in
+		      523) HP_ARCH="hppa1.0" ;; # CPU_PA_RISC1_0
+		      528) HP_ARCH="hppa1.1" ;; # CPU_PA_RISC1_1
+		      532)                      # CPU_PA_RISC2_0
+			case "${sc_kernel_bits}" in
+			  32) HP_ARCH="hppa2.0n" ;;
+			  64) HP_ARCH="hppa2.0w" ;;
+			  '') HP_ARCH="hppa2.0" ;;   # HP-UX 10.20
+			esac ;;
+		    esac
+		fi
+		if [ "${HP_ARCH}" = "" ]; then
+		    eval $set_cc_for_build
+		    sed 's/^		//' << EOF >$dummy.c
+
+		#define _HPUX_SOURCE
+		#include <stdlib.h>
+		#include <unistd.h>
+
+		int main ()
+		{
+		#if defined(_SC_KERNEL_BITS)
+		    long bits = sysconf(_SC_KERNEL_BITS);
+		#endif
+		    long cpu  = sysconf (_SC_CPU_VERSION);
+
+		    switch (cpu)
+			{
+			case CPU_PA_RISC1_0: puts ("hppa1.0"); break;
+			case CPU_PA_RISC1_1: puts ("hppa1.1"); break;
+			case CPU_PA_RISC2_0:
+		#if defined(_SC_KERNEL_BITS)
+			    switch (bits)
+				{
+				case 64: puts ("hppa2.0w"); break;
+				case 32: puts ("hppa2.0n"); break;
+				default: puts ("hppa2.0"); break;
+				} break;
+		#else  /* !defined(_SC_KERNEL_BITS) */
+			    puts ("hppa2.0"); break;
+		#endif
+			default: puts ("hppa1.0"); break;
+			}
+		    exit (0);
+		}
+EOF
+		    (CCOPTS= $CC_FOR_BUILD -o $dummy $dummy.c 2>/dev/null) && HP_ARCH=`$dummy`
+		    test -z "$HP_ARCH" && HP_ARCH=hppa
+		fi ;;
+	esac
+	if [ ${HP_ARCH} = "hppa2.0w" ]
+	then
+	    eval $set_cc_for_build
+
+	    # hppa2.0w-hp-hpux* has a 64-bit kernel and a compiler generating
+	    # 32-bit code.  hppa64-hp-hpux* has the same kernel and a compiler
+	    # generating 64-bit code.  GNU and HP use different nomenclature:
+	    #
+	    # $ CC_FOR_BUILD=cc ./config.guess
+	    # => hppa2.0w-hp-hpux11.23
+	    # $ CC_FOR_BUILD="cc +DA2.0w" ./config.guess
+	    # => hppa64-hp-hpux11.23
+
+	    if echo __LP64__ | (CCOPTS= $CC_FOR_BUILD -E - 2>/dev/null) |
+		grep -q __LP64__
+	    then
+		HP_ARCH="hppa2.0w"
+	    else
+		HP_ARCH="hppa64"
+	    fi
+	fi
+	echo ${HP_ARCH}-hp-hpux${HPUX_REV}
+	exit ;;
+    ia64:HP-UX:*:*)
+	HPUX_REV=`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE}|sed -e 's/[^.]*.[0B]*//'`
+	echo ia64-hp-hpux${HPUX_REV}
+	exit ;;
+    3050*:HI-UX:*:*)
+	eval $set_cc_for_build
+	sed 's/^	//' << EOF >$dummy.c
+	#include <unistd.h>
+	int
+	main ()
+	{
+	  long cpu = sysconf (_SC_CPU_VERSION);
+	  /* The order matters, because CPU_IS_HP_MC68K erroneously returns
+	     true for CPU_PA_RISC1_0.  CPU_IS_PA_RISC returns correct
+	     results, however.  */
+	  if (CPU_IS_PA_RISC (cpu))
+	    {
+	      switch (cpu)
+		{
+		  case CPU_PA_RISC1_0: puts ("hppa1.0-hitachi-hiuxwe2"); break;
+		  case CPU_PA_RISC1_1: puts ("hppa1.1-hitachi-hiuxwe2"); break;
+		  case CPU_PA_RISC2_0: puts ("hppa2.0-hitachi-hiuxwe2"); break;
+		  default: puts ("hppa-hitachi-hiuxwe2"); break;
+		}
+	    }
+	  else if (CPU_IS_HP_MC68K (cpu))
+	    puts ("m68k-hitachi-hiuxwe2");
+	  else puts ("unknown-hitachi-hiuxwe2");
+	  exit (0);
+	}
+EOF
+	$CC_FOR_BUILD -o $dummy $dummy.c && SYSTEM_NAME=`$dummy` &&
+		{ echo "$SYSTEM_NAME"; exit; }
+	echo unknown-hitachi-hiuxwe2
+	exit ;;
+    9000/7??:4.3bsd:*:* | 9000/8?[79]:4.3bsd:*:* )
+	echo hppa1.1-hp-bsd
+	exit ;;
+    9000/8??:4.3bsd:*:*)
+	echo hppa1.0-hp-bsd
+	exit ;;
+    *9??*:MPE/iX:*:* | *3000*:MPE/iX:*:*)
+	echo hppa1.0-hp-mpeix
+	exit ;;
+    hp7??:OSF1:*:* | hp8?[79]:OSF1:*:* )
+	echo hppa1.1-hp-osf
+	exit ;;
+    hp8??:OSF1:*:*)
+	echo hppa1.0-hp-osf
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:OSF1:*:*)
+	if [ -x /usr/sbin/sysversion ] ; then
+	    echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-osf1mk
+	else
+	    echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-osf1
+	fi
+	exit ;;
+    parisc*:Lites*:*:*)
+	echo hppa1.1-hp-lites
+	exit ;;
+    C1*:ConvexOS:*:* | convex:ConvexOS:C1*:*)
+	echo c1-convex-bsd
+	exit ;;
+    C2*:ConvexOS:*:* | convex:ConvexOS:C2*:*)
+	if getsysinfo -f scalar_acc
+	then echo c32-convex-bsd
+	else echo c2-convex-bsd
+	fi
+	exit ;;
+    C34*:ConvexOS:*:* | convex:ConvexOS:C34*:*)
+	echo c34-convex-bsd
+	exit ;;
+    C38*:ConvexOS:*:* | convex:ConvexOS:C38*:*)
+	echo c38-convex-bsd
+	exit ;;
+    C4*:ConvexOS:*:* | convex:ConvexOS:C4*:*)
+	echo c4-convex-bsd
+	exit ;;
+    CRAY*Y-MP:*:*:*)
+	echo ymp-cray-unicos${UNAME_RELEASE} | sed -e 's/\.[^.]*$/.X/'
+	exit ;;
+    CRAY*[A-Z]90:*:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-cray-unicos${UNAME_RELEASE} \
+	| sed -e 's/CRAY.*\([A-Z]90\)/\1/' \
+	      -e y/ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ/abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz/ \
+	      -e 's/\.[^.]*$/.X/'
+	exit ;;
+    CRAY*TS:*:*:*)
+	echo t90-cray-unicos${UNAME_RELEASE} | sed -e 's/\.[^.]*$/.X/'
+	exit ;;
+    CRAY*T3E:*:*:*)
+	echo alphaev5-cray-unicosmk${UNAME_RELEASE} | sed -e 's/\.[^.]*$/.X/'
+	exit ;;
+    CRAY*SV1:*:*:*)
+	echo sv1-cray-unicos${UNAME_RELEASE} | sed -e 's/\.[^.]*$/.X/'
+	exit ;;
+    *:UNICOS/mp:*:*)
+	echo craynv-cray-unicosmp${UNAME_RELEASE} | sed -e 's/\.[^.]*$/.X/'
+	exit ;;
+    F30[01]:UNIX_System_V:*:* | F700:UNIX_System_V:*:*)
+	FUJITSU_PROC=`uname -m | tr 'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ' 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz'`
+	FUJITSU_SYS=`uname -p | tr 'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ' 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz' | sed -e 's/\///'`
+	FUJITSU_REL=`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE} | sed -e 's/ /_/'`
+	echo "${FUJITSU_PROC}-fujitsu-${FUJITSU_SYS}${FUJITSU_REL}"
+	exit ;;
+    5000:UNIX_System_V:4.*:*)
+	FUJITSU_SYS=`uname -p | tr 'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ' 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz' | sed -e 's/\///'`
+	FUJITSU_REL=`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE} | tr 'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ' 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz' | sed -e 's/ /_/'`
+	echo "sparc-fujitsu-${FUJITSU_SYS}${FUJITSU_REL}"
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:BSD/386:*:* | i*86:BSD/OS:*:* | *:Ascend\ Embedded/OS:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-bsdi${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    sparc*:BSD/OS:*:*)
+	echo sparc-unknown-bsdi${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    *:BSD/OS:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-bsdi${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    *:FreeBSD:*:*)
+	UNAME_PROCESSOR=`/usr/bin/uname -p`
+	case ${UNAME_PROCESSOR} in
+	    amd64)
+		echo x86_64-unknown-freebsd`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE}|sed -e 's/[-(].*//'` ;;
+	    *)
+		echo ${UNAME_PROCESSOR}-unknown-freebsd`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE}|sed -e 's/[-(].*//'` ;;
+	esac
+	exit ;;
+    i*:CYGWIN*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-cygwin
+	exit ;;
+    *:MINGW*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-mingw32
+	exit ;;
+    i*:MSYS*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-msys
+	exit ;;
+    i*:windows32*:*)
+	# uname -m includes "-pc" on this system.
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-mingw32
+	exit ;;
+    i*:PW*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-pw32
+	exit ;;
+    *:Interix*:*)
+	case ${UNAME_MACHINE} in
+	    x86)
+		echo i586-pc-interix${UNAME_RELEASE}
+		exit ;;
+	    authenticamd | genuineintel | EM64T)
+		echo x86_64-unknown-interix${UNAME_RELEASE}
+		exit ;;
+	    IA64)
+		echo ia64-unknown-interix${UNAME_RELEASE}
+		exit ;;
+	esac ;;
+    [345]86:Windows_95:* | [345]86:Windows_98:* | [345]86:Windows_NT:*)
+	echo i${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-mks
+	exit ;;
+    8664:Windows_NT:*)
+	echo x86_64-pc-mks
+	exit ;;
+    i*:Windows_NT*:* | Pentium*:Windows_NT*:*)
+	# How do we know it's Interix rather than the generic POSIX subsystem?
+	# It also conflicts with pre-2.0 versions of AT&T UWIN. Should we
+	# UNAME_MACHINE based on the output of uname instead of i386?
+	echo i586-pc-interix
+	exit ;;
+    i*:UWIN*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-uwin
+	exit ;;
+    amd64:CYGWIN*:*:* | x86_64:CYGWIN*:*:*)
+	echo x86_64-unknown-cygwin
+	exit ;;
+    p*:CYGWIN*:*)
+	echo powerpcle-unknown-cygwin
+	exit ;;
+    prep*:SunOS:5.*:*)
+	echo powerpcle-unknown-solaris2`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE}|sed -e 's/[^.]*//'`
+	exit ;;
+    *:GNU:*:*)
+	# the GNU system
+	echo `echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}|sed -e 's,[-/].*$,,'`-unknown-gnu`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE}|sed -e 's,/.*$,,'`
+	exit ;;
+    *:GNU/*:*:*)
+	# other systems with GNU libc and userland
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-`echo ${UNAME_SYSTEM} | sed 's,^[^/]*/,,' | tr '[A-Z]' '[a-z]'``echo ${UNAME_RELEASE}|sed -e 's/[-(].*//'`-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:Minix:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-minix
+	exit ;;
+    aarch64:Linux:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    aarch64_be:Linux:*:*)
+	UNAME_MACHINE=aarch64_be
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    alpha:Linux:*:*)
+	case `sed -n '/^cpu model/s/^.*: \(.*\)/\1/p' < /proc/cpuinfo` in
+	  EV5)   UNAME_MACHINE=alphaev5 ;;
+	  EV56)  UNAME_MACHINE=alphaev56 ;;
+	  PCA56) UNAME_MACHINE=alphapca56 ;;
+	  PCA57) UNAME_MACHINE=alphapca56 ;;
+	  EV6)   UNAME_MACHINE=alphaev6 ;;
+	  EV67)  UNAME_MACHINE=alphaev67 ;;
+	  EV68*) UNAME_MACHINE=alphaev68 ;;
+	esac
+	objdump --private-headers /bin/sh | grep -q ld.so.1
+	if test "$?" = 0 ; then LIBC="libc1" ; else LIBC="" ; fi
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnu${LIBC}
+	exit ;;
+    arm*:Linux:*:*)
+	eval $set_cc_for_build
+	if echo __ARM_EABI__ | $CC_FOR_BUILD -E - 2>/dev/null \
+	    | grep -q __ARM_EABI__
+	then
+	    echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnu
+	else
+	    if echo __ARM_PCS_VFP | $CC_FOR_BUILD -E - 2>/dev/null \
+		| grep -q __ARM_PCS_VFP
+	    then
+		echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnueabi
+	    else
+		echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnueabihf
+	    fi
+	fi
+	exit ;;
+    avr32*:Linux:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    cris:Linux:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-axis-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    crisv32:Linux:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-axis-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    frv:Linux:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    hexagon:Linux:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:Linux:*:*)
+	LIBC=gnu
+	eval $set_cc_for_build
+	sed 's/^	//' << EOF >$dummy.c
+	#ifdef __dietlibc__
+	LIBC=dietlibc
+	#endif
+EOF
+	eval `$CC_FOR_BUILD -E $dummy.c 2>/dev/null | grep '^LIBC'`
+	echo "${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-linux-${LIBC}"
+	exit ;;
+    ia64:Linux:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    m32r*:Linux:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    m68*:Linux:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    mips:Linux:*:* | mips64:Linux:*:*)
+	eval $set_cc_for_build
+	sed 's/^	//' << EOF >$dummy.c
+	#undef CPU
+	#undef ${UNAME_MACHINE}
+	#undef ${UNAME_MACHINE}el
+	#if defined(__MIPSEL__) || defined(__MIPSEL) || defined(_MIPSEL) || defined(MIPSEL)
+	CPU=${UNAME_MACHINE}el
+	#else
+	#if defined(__MIPSEB__) || defined(__MIPSEB) || defined(_MIPSEB) || defined(MIPSEB)
+	CPU=${UNAME_MACHINE}
+	#else
+	CPU=
+	#endif
+	#endif
+EOF
+	eval `$CC_FOR_BUILD -E $dummy.c 2>/dev/null | grep '^CPU'`
+	test x"${CPU}" != x && { echo "${CPU}-unknown-linux-gnu"; exit; }
+	;;
+    or32:Linux:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    padre:Linux:*:*)
+	echo sparc-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    parisc64:Linux:*:* | hppa64:Linux:*:*)
+	echo hppa64-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    parisc:Linux:*:* | hppa:Linux:*:*)
+	# Look for CPU level
+	case `grep '^cpu[^a-z]*:' /proc/cpuinfo 2>/dev/null | cut -d' ' -f2` in
+	  PA7*) echo hppa1.1-unknown-linux-gnu ;;
+	  PA8*) echo hppa2.0-unknown-linux-gnu ;;
+	  *)    echo hppa-unknown-linux-gnu ;;
+	esac
+	exit ;;
+    ppc64:Linux:*:*)
+	echo powerpc64-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    ppc:Linux:*:*)
+	echo powerpc-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    s390:Linux:*:* | s390x:Linux:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-ibm-linux
+	exit ;;
+    sh64*:Linux:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    sh*:Linux:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    sparc:Linux:*:* | sparc64:Linux:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    tile*:Linux:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    vax:Linux:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-dec-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    x86_64:Linux:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    xtensa*:Linux:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-linux-gnu
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:DYNIX/ptx:4*:*)
+	# ptx 4.0 does uname -s correctly, with DYNIX/ptx in there.
+	# earlier versions are messed up and put the nodename in both
+	# sysname and nodename.
+	echo i386-sequent-sysv4
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:UNIX_SV:4.2MP:2.*)
+	# Unixware is an offshoot of SVR4, but it has its own version
+	# number series starting with 2...
+	# I am not positive that other SVR4 systems won't match this,
+	# I just have to hope.  -- rms.
+	# Use sysv4.2uw... so that sysv4* matches it.
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-sysv4.2uw${UNAME_VERSION}
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:OS/2:*:*)
+	# If we were able to find `uname', then EMX Unix compatibility
+	# is probably installed.
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-os2-emx
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:XTS-300:*:STOP)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-stop
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:atheos:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-atheos
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:syllable:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-syllable
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:LynxOS:2.*:* | i*86:LynxOS:3.[01]*:* | i*86:LynxOS:4.[02]*:*)
+	echo i386-unknown-lynxos${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:*DOS:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-msdosdjgpp
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:*:4.*:* | i*86:SYSTEM_V:4.*:*)
+	UNAME_REL=`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE} | sed 's/\/MP$//'`
+	if grep Novell /usr/include/link.h >/dev/null 2>/dev/null; then
+		echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-univel-sysv${UNAME_REL}
+	else
+		echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-sysv${UNAME_REL}
+	fi
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:*:5:[678]*)
+	# UnixWare 7.x, OpenUNIX and OpenServer 6.
+	case `/bin/uname -X | grep "^Machine"` in
+	    *486*)	     UNAME_MACHINE=i486 ;;
+	    *Pentium)	     UNAME_MACHINE=i586 ;;
+	    *Pent*|*Celeron) UNAME_MACHINE=i686 ;;
+	esac
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-sysv${UNAME_RELEASE}${UNAME_SYSTEM}${UNAME_VERSION}
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:*:3.2:*)
+	if test -f /usr/options/cb.name; then
+		UNAME_REL=`sed -n 's/.*Version //p' </usr/options/cb.name`
+		echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-isc$UNAME_REL
+	elif /bin/uname -X 2>/dev/null >/dev/null ; then
+		UNAME_REL=`(/bin/uname -X|grep Release|sed -e 's/.*= //')`
+		(/bin/uname -X|grep i80486 >/dev/null) && UNAME_MACHINE=i486
+		(/bin/uname -X|grep '^Machine.*Pentium' >/dev/null) \
+			&& UNAME_MACHINE=i586
+		(/bin/uname -X|grep '^Machine.*Pent *II' >/dev/null) \
+			&& UNAME_MACHINE=i686
+		(/bin/uname -X|grep '^Machine.*Pentium Pro' >/dev/null) \
+			&& UNAME_MACHINE=i686
+		echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-sco$UNAME_REL
+	else
+		echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-sysv32
+	fi
+	exit ;;
+    pc:*:*:*)
+	# Left here for compatibility:
+	# uname -m prints for DJGPP always 'pc', but it prints nothing about
+	# the processor, so we play safe by assuming i586.
+	# Note: whatever this is, it MUST be the same as what config.sub
+	# prints for the "djgpp" host, or else GDB configury will decide that
+	# this is a cross-build.
+	echo i586-pc-msdosdjgpp
+	exit ;;
+    Intel:Mach:3*:*)
+	echo i386-pc-mach3
+	exit ;;
+    paragon:*:*:*)
+	echo i860-intel-osf1
+	exit ;;
+    i860:*:4.*:*) # i860-SVR4
+	if grep Stardent /usr/include/sys/uadmin.h >/dev/null 2>&1 ; then
+	  echo i860-stardent-sysv${UNAME_RELEASE} # Stardent Vistra i860-SVR4
+	else # Add other i860-SVR4 vendors below as they are discovered.
+	  echo i860-unknown-sysv${UNAME_RELEASE}  # Unknown i860-SVR4
+	fi
+	exit ;;
+    mini*:CTIX:SYS*5:*)
+	# "miniframe"
+	echo m68010-convergent-sysv
+	exit ;;
+    mc68k:UNIX:SYSTEM5:3.51m)
+	echo m68k-convergent-sysv
+	exit ;;
+    M680?0:D-NIX:5.3:*)
+	echo m68k-diab-dnix
+	exit ;;
+    M68*:*:R3V[5678]*:*)
+	test -r /sysV68 && { echo 'm68k-motorola-sysv'; exit; } ;;
+    3[345]??:*:4.0:3.0 | 3[34]??A:*:4.0:3.0 | 3[34]??,*:*:4.0:3.0 | 3[34]??/*:*:4.0:3.0 | 4400:*:4.0:3.0 | 4850:*:4.0:3.0 | SKA40:*:4.0:3.0 | SDS2:*:4.0:3.0 | SHG2:*:4.0:3.0 | S7501*:*:4.0:3.0)
+	OS_REL=''
+	test -r /etc/.relid \
+	&& OS_REL=.`sed -n 's/[^ ]* [^ ]* \([0-9][0-9]\).*/\1/p' < /etc/.relid`
+	/bin/uname -p 2>/dev/null | grep 86 >/dev/null \
+	  && { echo i486-ncr-sysv4.3${OS_REL}; exit; }
+	/bin/uname -p 2>/dev/null | /bin/grep entium >/dev/null \
+	  && { echo i586-ncr-sysv4.3${OS_REL}; exit; } ;;
+    3[34]??:*:4.0:* | 3[34]??,*:*:4.0:*)
+	/bin/uname -p 2>/dev/null | grep 86 >/dev/null \
+	  && { echo i486-ncr-sysv4; exit; } ;;
+    NCR*:*:4.2:* | MPRAS*:*:4.2:*)
+	OS_REL='.3'
+	test -r /etc/.relid \
+	    && OS_REL=.`sed -n 's/[^ ]* [^ ]* \([0-9][0-9]\).*/\1/p' < /etc/.relid`
+	/bin/uname -p 2>/dev/null | grep 86 >/dev/null \
+	    && { echo i486-ncr-sysv4.3${OS_REL}; exit; }
+	/bin/uname -p 2>/dev/null | /bin/grep entium >/dev/null \
+	    && { echo i586-ncr-sysv4.3${OS_REL}; exit; }
+	/bin/uname -p 2>/dev/null | /bin/grep pteron >/dev/null \
+	    && { echo i586-ncr-sysv4.3${OS_REL}; exit; } ;;
+    m68*:LynxOS:2.*:* | m68*:LynxOS:3.0*:*)
+	echo m68k-unknown-lynxos${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    mc68030:UNIX_System_V:4.*:*)
+	echo m68k-atari-sysv4
+	exit ;;
+    TSUNAMI:LynxOS:2.*:*)
+	echo sparc-unknown-lynxos${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    rs6000:LynxOS:2.*:*)
+	echo rs6000-unknown-lynxos${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    PowerPC:LynxOS:2.*:* | PowerPC:LynxOS:3.[01]*:* | PowerPC:LynxOS:4.[02]*:*)
+	echo powerpc-unknown-lynxos${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    SM[BE]S:UNIX_SV:*:*)
+	echo mips-dde-sysv${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    RM*:ReliantUNIX-*:*:*)
+	echo mips-sni-sysv4
+	exit ;;
+    RM*:SINIX-*:*:*)
+	echo mips-sni-sysv4
+	exit ;;
+    *:SINIX-*:*:*)
+	if uname -p 2>/dev/null >/dev/null ; then
+		UNAME_MACHINE=`(uname -p) 2>/dev/null`
+		echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-sni-sysv4
+	else
+		echo ns32k-sni-sysv
+	fi
+	exit ;;
+    PENTIUM:*:4.0*:*)	# Unisys `ClearPath HMP IX 4000' SVR4/MP effort
+			# says <Richard.M.Bartel@ccMail.Census.GOV>
+	echo i586-unisys-sysv4
+	exit ;;
+    *:UNIX_System_V:4*:FTX*)
+	# From Gerald Hewes <hewes@openmarket.com>.
+	# How about differentiating between stratus architectures? -djm
+	echo hppa1.1-stratus-sysv4
+	exit ;;
+    *:*:*:FTX*)
+	# From seanf@swdc.stratus.com.
+	echo i860-stratus-sysv4
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:VOS:*:*)
+	# From Paul.Green@stratus.com.
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-stratus-vos
+	exit ;;
+    *:VOS:*:*)
+	# From Paul.Green@stratus.com.
+	echo hppa1.1-stratus-vos
+	exit ;;
+    mc68*:A/UX:*:*)
+	echo m68k-apple-aux${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    news*:NEWS-OS:6*:*)
+	echo mips-sony-newsos6
+	exit ;;
+    R[34]000:*System_V*:*:* | R4000:UNIX_SYSV:*:* | R*000:UNIX_SV:*:*)
+	if [ -d /usr/nec ]; then
+		echo mips-nec-sysv${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	else
+		echo mips-unknown-sysv${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	fi
+	exit ;;
+    BeBox:BeOS:*:*)	# BeOS running on hardware made by Be, PPC only.
+	echo powerpc-be-beos
+	exit ;;
+    BeMac:BeOS:*:*)	# BeOS running on Mac or Mac clone, PPC only.
+	echo powerpc-apple-beos
+	exit ;;
+    BePC:BeOS:*:*)	# BeOS running on Intel PC compatible.
+	echo i586-pc-beos
+	exit ;;
+    BePC:Haiku:*:*)	# Haiku running on Intel PC compatible.
+	echo i586-pc-haiku
+	exit ;;
+    SX-4:SUPER-UX:*:*)
+	echo sx4-nec-superux${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    SX-5:SUPER-UX:*:*)
+	echo sx5-nec-superux${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    SX-6:SUPER-UX:*:*)
+	echo sx6-nec-superux${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    SX-7:SUPER-UX:*:*)
+	echo sx7-nec-superux${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    SX-8:SUPER-UX:*:*)
+	echo sx8-nec-superux${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    SX-8R:SUPER-UX:*:*)
+	echo sx8r-nec-superux${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    Power*:Rhapsody:*:*)
+	echo powerpc-apple-rhapsody${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    *:Rhapsody:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-apple-rhapsody${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    *:Darwin:*:*)
+	UNAME_PROCESSOR=`uname -p` || UNAME_PROCESSOR=unknown
+	case $UNAME_PROCESSOR in
+	    i386)
+		eval $set_cc_for_build
+		if [ "$CC_FOR_BUILD" != 'no_compiler_found' ]; then
+		  if (echo '#ifdef __LP64__'; echo IS_64BIT_ARCH; echo '#endif') | \
+		      (CCOPTS= $CC_FOR_BUILD -E - 2>/dev/null) | \
+		      grep IS_64BIT_ARCH >/dev/null
+		  then
+		      UNAME_PROCESSOR="x86_64"
+		  fi
+		fi ;;
+	    unknown) UNAME_PROCESSOR=powerpc ;;
+	esac
+	echo ${UNAME_PROCESSOR}-apple-darwin${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    *:procnto*:*:* | *:QNX:[0123456789]*:*)
+	UNAME_PROCESSOR=`uname -p`
+	if test "$UNAME_PROCESSOR" = "x86"; then
+		UNAME_PROCESSOR=i386
+		UNAME_MACHINE=pc
+	fi
+	echo ${UNAME_PROCESSOR}-${UNAME_MACHINE}-nto-qnx${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    *:QNX:*:4*)
+	echo i386-pc-qnx
+	exit ;;
+    NEO-?:NONSTOP_KERNEL:*:*)
+	echo neo-tandem-nsk${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    NSE-?:NONSTOP_KERNEL:*:*)
+	echo nse-tandem-nsk${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    NSR-?:NONSTOP_KERNEL:*:*)
+	echo nsr-tandem-nsk${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    *:NonStop-UX:*:*)
+	echo mips-compaq-nonstopux
+	exit ;;
+    BS2000:POSIX*:*:*)
+	echo bs2000-siemens-sysv
+	exit ;;
+    DS/*:UNIX_System_V:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-${UNAME_SYSTEM}-${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    *:Plan9:*:*)
+	# "uname -m" is not consistent, so use $cputype instead. 386
+	# is converted to i386 for consistency with other x86
+	# operating systems.
+	if test "$cputype" = "386"; then
+	    UNAME_MACHINE=i386
+	else
+	    UNAME_MACHINE="$cputype"
+	fi
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-plan9
+	exit ;;
+    *:TOPS-10:*:*)
+	echo pdp10-unknown-tops10
+	exit ;;
+    *:TENEX:*:*)
+	echo pdp10-unknown-tenex
+	exit ;;
+    KS10:TOPS-20:*:* | KL10:TOPS-20:*:* | TYPE4:TOPS-20:*:*)
+	echo pdp10-dec-tops20
+	exit ;;
+    XKL-1:TOPS-20:*:* | TYPE5:TOPS-20:*:*)
+	echo pdp10-xkl-tops20
+	exit ;;
+    *:TOPS-20:*:*)
+	echo pdp10-unknown-tops20
+	exit ;;
+    *:ITS:*:*)
+	echo pdp10-unknown-its
+	exit ;;
+    SEI:*:*:SEIUX)
+	echo mips-sei-seiux${UNAME_RELEASE}
+	exit ;;
+    *:DragonFly:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-dragonfly`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE}|sed -e 's/[-(].*//'`
+	exit ;;
+    *:*VMS:*:*)
+	UNAME_MACHINE=`(uname -p) 2>/dev/null`
+	case "${UNAME_MACHINE}" in
+	    A*) echo alpha-dec-vms ; exit ;;
+	    I*) echo ia64-dec-vms ; exit ;;
+	    V*) echo vax-dec-vms ; exit ;;
+	esac ;;
+    *:XENIX:*:SysV)
+	echo i386-pc-xenix
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:skyos:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-skyos`echo ${UNAME_RELEASE}` | sed -e 's/ .*$//'
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:rdos:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-rdos
+	exit ;;
+    i*86:AROS:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-pc-aros
+	exit ;;
+    x86_64:VMkernel:*:*)
+	echo ${UNAME_MACHINE}-unknown-esx
+	exit ;;
+esac
+
+#echo '(No uname command or uname output not recognized.)' 1>&2
+#echo "${UNAME_MACHINE}:${UNAME_SYSTEM}:${UNAME_RELEASE}:${UNAME_VERSION}" 1>&2
+
+eval $set_cc_for_build
+cat >$dummy.c <<EOF
+#ifdef _SEQUENT_
+# include <sys/types.h>
+# include <sys/utsname.h>
+#endif
+main ()
+{
+#if defined (sony)
+#if defined (MIPSEB)
+  /* BFD wants "bsd" instead of "newsos".  Perhaps BFD should be changed,
+     I don't know....  */
+  printf ("mips-sony-bsd\n"); exit (0);
+#else
+#include <sys/param.h>
+  printf ("m68k-sony-newsos%s\n",
+#ifdef NEWSOS4
+	"4"
+#else
+	""
+#endif
+	); exit (0);
+#endif
+#endif
+
+#if defined (__arm) && defined (__acorn) && defined (__unix)
+  printf ("arm-acorn-riscix\n"); exit (0);
+#endif
+
+#if defined (hp300) && !defined (hpux)
+  printf ("m68k-hp-bsd\n"); exit (0);
+#endif
+
+#if defined (NeXT)
+#if !defined (__ARCHITECTURE__)
+#define __ARCHITECTURE__ "m68k"
+#endif
+  int version;
+  version=`(hostinfo | sed -n 's/.*NeXT Mach \([0-9]*\).*/\1/p') 2>/dev/null`;
+  if (version < 4)
+    printf ("%s-next-nextstep%d\n", __ARCHITECTURE__, version);
+  else
+    printf ("%s-next-openstep%d\n", __ARCHITECTURE__, version);
+  exit (0);
+#endif
+
+#if defined (MULTIMAX) || defined (n16)
+#if defined (UMAXV)
+  printf ("ns32k-encore-sysv\n"); exit (0);
+#else
+#if defined (CMU)
+  printf ("ns32k-encore-mach\n"); exit (0);
+#else
+  printf ("ns32k-encore-bsd\n"); exit (0);
+#endif
+#endif
+#endif
+
+#if defined (__386BSD__)
+  printf ("i386-pc-bsd\n"); exit (0);
+#endif
+
+#if defined (sequent)
+#if defined (i386)
+  printf ("i386-sequent-dynix\n"); exit (0);
+#endif
+#if defined (ns32000)
+  printf ("ns32k-sequent-dynix\n"); exit (0);
+#endif
+#endif
+
+#if defined (_SEQUENT_)
+    struct utsname un;
+
+    uname(&un);
+
+    if (strncmp(un.version, "V2", 2) == 0) {
+	printf ("i386-sequent-ptx2\n"); exit (0);
+    }
+    if (strncmp(un.version, "V1", 2) == 0) { /* XXX is V1 correct? */
+	printf ("i386-sequent-ptx1\n"); exit (0);
+    }
+    printf ("i386-sequent-ptx\n"); exit (0);
+
+#endif
+
+#if defined (vax)
+# if !defined (ultrix)
+#  include <sys/param.h>
+#  if defined (BSD)
+#   if BSD == 43
+      printf ("vax-dec-bsd4.3\n"); exit (0);
+#   else
+#    if BSD == 199006
+      printf ("vax-dec-bsd4.3reno\n"); exit (0);
+#    else
+      printf ("vax-dec-bsd\n"); exit (0);
+#    endif
+#   endif
+#  else
+    printf ("vax-dec-bsd\n"); exit (0);
+#  endif
+# else
+    printf ("vax-dec-ultrix\n"); exit (0);
+# endif
+#endif
+
+#if defined (alliant) && defined (i860)
+  printf ("i860-alliant-bsd\n"); exit (0);
+#endif
+
+  exit (1);
+}
+EOF
+
+$CC_FOR_BUILD -o $dummy $dummy.c 2>/dev/null && SYSTEM_NAME=`$dummy` &&
+	{ echo "$SYSTEM_NAME"; exit; }
+
+# Apollos put the system type in the environment.
+
+test -d /usr/apollo && { echo ${ISP}-apollo-${SYSTYPE}; exit; }
+
+# Convex versions that predate uname can use getsysinfo(1)
+
+if [ -x /usr/convex/getsysinfo ]
+then
+    case `getsysinfo -f cpu_type` in
+    c1*)
+	echo c1-convex-bsd
+	exit ;;
+    c2*)
+	if getsysinfo -f scalar_acc
+	then echo c32-convex-bsd
+	else echo c2-convex-bsd
+	fi
+	exit ;;
+    c34*)
+	echo c34-convex-bsd
+	exit ;;
+    c38*)
+	echo c38-convex-bsd
+	exit ;;
+    c4*)
+	echo c4-convex-bsd
+	exit ;;
+    esac
+fi
+
+cat >&2 <<EOF
+$0: unable to guess system type
+
+This script, last modified $timestamp, has failed to recognize
+the operating system you are using. It is advised that you
+download the most up to date version of the config scripts from
+
+  http://git.savannah.gnu.org/gitweb/?p=config.git;a=blob_plain;f=config.guess;hb=HEAD
+and
+  http://git.savannah.gnu.org/gitweb/?p=config.git;a=blob_plain;f=config.sub;hb=HEAD
+
+If the version you run ($0) is already up to date, please
+send the following data and any information you think might be
+pertinent to <config-patches@gnu.org> in order to provide the needed
+information to handle your system.
+
+config.guess timestamp = $timestamp
+
+uname -m = `(uname -m) 2>/dev/null || echo unknown`
+uname -r = `(uname -r) 2>/dev/null || echo unknown`
+uname -s = `(uname -s) 2>/dev/null || echo unknown`
+uname -v = `(uname -v) 2>/dev/null || echo unknown`
+
+/usr/bin/uname -p = `(/usr/bin/uname -p) 2>/dev/null`
+/bin/uname -X     = `(/bin/uname -X) 2>/dev/null`
+
+hostinfo               = `(hostinfo) 2>/dev/null`
+/bin/universe          = `(/bin/universe) 2>/dev/null`
+/usr/bin/arch -k       = `(/usr/bin/arch -k) 2>/dev/null`
+/bin/arch              = `(/bin/arch) 2>/dev/null`
+/usr/bin/oslevel       = `(/usr/bin/oslevel) 2>/dev/null`
+/usr/convex/getsysinfo = `(/usr/convex/getsysinfo) 2>/dev/null`
+
+UNAME_MACHINE = ${UNAME_MACHINE}
+UNAME_RELEASE = ${UNAME_RELEASE}
+UNAME_SYSTEM  = ${UNAME_SYSTEM}
+UNAME_VERSION = ${UNAME_VERSION}
+EOF
+
+exit 1
+
+# Local variables:
+# eval: (add-hook 'write-file-hooks 'time-stamp)
+# time-stamp-start: "timestamp='"
+# time-stamp-format: "%:y-%02m-%02d"
+# time-stamp-end: "'"
+# End:
new file mode 100644
new file mode 100755
--- /dev/null
+++ b/memory/jemalloc/src/config.sub
@@ -0,0 +1,1773 @@
+#! /bin/sh
+# Configuration validation subroutine script.
+#   Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999,
+#   2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010,
+#   2011, 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+
+timestamp='2012-02-10'
+
+# This file is (in principle) common to ALL GNU software.
+# The presence of a machine in this file suggests that SOME GNU software
+# can handle that machine.  It does not imply ALL GNU software can.
+#
+# This file is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+# the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+# (at your option) any later version.
+#
+# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+# GNU General Public License for more details.
+#
+# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+# along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+#
+# As a special exception to the GNU General Public License, if you
+# distribute this file as part of a program that contains a
+# configuration script generated by Autoconf, you may include it under
+# the same distribution terms that you use for the rest of that program.
+
+
+# Please send patches to <config-patches@gnu.org>.  Submit a context
+# diff and a properly formatted GNU ChangeLog entry.
+#
+# Configuration subroutine to validate and canonicalize a configuration type.
+# Supply the specified configuration type as an argument.
+# If it is invalid, we print an error message on stderr and exit with code 1.
+# Otherwise, we print the canonical config type on stdout and succeed.
+
+# You can get the latest version of this script from:
+# http://git.savannah.gnu.org/gitweb/?p=config.git;a=blob_plain;f=config.sub;hb=HEAD
+
+# This file is supposed to be the same for all GNU packages
+# and recognize all the CPU types, system types and aliases
+# that are meaningful with *any* GNU software.
+# Each package is responsible for reporting which valid configurations
+# it does not support.  The user should be able to distinguish
+# a failure to support a valid configuration from a meaningless
+# configuration.
+
+# The goal of this file is to map all the various variations of a given
+# machine specification into a single specification in the form:
+#	CPU_TYPE-MANUFACTURER-OPERATING_SYSTEM
+# or in some cases, the newer four-part form:
+#	CPU_TYPE-MANUFACTURER-KERNEL-OPERATING_SYSTEM
+# It is wrong to echo any other type of specification.
+
+me=`echo "$0" | sed -e 's,.*/,,'`
+
+usage="\
+Usage: $0 [OPTION] CPU-MFR-OPSYS
+       $0 [OPTION] ALIAS
+
+Canonicalize a configuration name.
+
+Operation modes:
+  -h, --help         print this help, then exit
+  -t, --time-stamp   print date of last modification, then exit
+  -v, --version      print version number, then exit
+
+Report bugs and patches to <config-patches@gnu.org>."
+
+version="\
+GNU config.sub ($timestamp)
+
+Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000,
+2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012
+Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+
+This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO
+warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE."
+
+help="
+Try \`$me --help' for more information."
+
+# Parse command line
+while test $# -gt 0 ; do
+  case $1 in
+    --time-stamp | --time* | -t )
+       echo "$timestamp" ; exit ;;
+    --version | -v )
+       echo "$version" ; exit ;;
+    --help | --h* | -h )
+       echo "$usage"; exit ;;
+    -- )     # Stop option processing
+       shift; break ;;
+    - )	# Use stdin as input.
+       break ;;
+    -* )
+       echo "$me: invalid option $1$help"
+       exit 1 ;;
+
+    *local*)
+       # First pass through any local machine types.
+       echo $1
+       exit ;;
+
+    * )
+       break ;;
+  esac
+done
+
+case $# in
+ 0) echo "$me: missing argument$help" >&2
+    exit 1;;
+ 1) ;;
+ *) echo "$me: too many arguments$help" >&2
+    exit 1;;
+esac
+
+# Separate what the user gave into CPU-COMPANY and OS or KERNEL-OS (if any).
+# Here we must recognize all the valid KERNEL-OS combinations.
+maybe_os=`echo $1 | sed 's/^\(.*\)-\([^-]*-[^-]*\)$/\2/'`
+case $maybe_os in
+  nto-qnx* | linux-gnu* | linux-android* | linux-dietlibc | linux-newlib* | \
+  linux-uclibc* | uclinux-uclibc* | uclinux-gnu* | kfreebsd*-gnu* | \
+  knetbsd*-gnu* | netbsd*-gnu* | \
+  kopensolaris*-gnu* | \
+  storm-chaos* | os2-emx* | rtmk-nova*)
+    os=-$maybe_os
+    basic_machine=`echo $1 | sed 's/^\(.*\)-\([^-]*-[^-]*\)$/\1/'`
+    ;;
+  android-linux)
+    os=-linux-android
+    basic_machine=`echo $1 | sed 's/^\(.*\)-\([^-]*-[^-]*\)$/\1/'`-unknown
+    ;;
+  *)
+    basic_machine=`echo $1 | sed 's/-[^-]*$//'`
+    if [ $basic_machine != $1 ]
+    then os=`echo $1 | sed 's/.*-/-/'`
+    else os=; fi
+    ;;
+esac
+
+### Let's recognize common machines as not being operating systems so
+### that things like config.sub decstation-3100 work.  We also
+### recognize some manufacturers as not being operating systems, so we
+### can provide default operating systems below.
+case $os in
+	-sun*os*)
+		# Prevent following clause from handling this invalid input.
+		;;
+	-dec* | -mips* | -sequent* | -encore* | -pc532* | -sgi* | -sony* | \
+	-att* | -7300* | -3300* | -delta* | -motorola* | -sun[234]* | \
+	-unicom* | -ibm* | -next | -hp | -isi* | -apollo | -altos* | \
+	-convergent* | -ncr* | -news | -32* | -3600* | -3100* | -hitachi* |\
+	-c[123]* | -convex* | -sun | -crds | -omron* | -dg | -ultra | -tti* | \
+	-harris | -dolphin | -highlevel | -gould | -cbm | -ns | -masscomp | \
+	-apple | -axis | -knuth | -cray | -microblaze)
+		os=
+		basic_machine=$1
+		;;
+	-bluegene*)
+		os=-cnk
+		;;
+	-sim | -cisco | -oki | -wec | -winbond)
+		os=
+		basic_machine=$1
+		;;
+	-scout)
+		;;
+	-wrs)
+		os=-vxworks
+		basic_machine=$1
+		;;
+	-chorusos*)
+		os=-chorusos
+		basic_machine=$1
+		;;
+	-chorusrdb)
+		os=-chorusrdb
+		basic_machine=$1
+		;;
+	-hiux*)
+		os=-hiuxwe2
+		;;
+	-sco6)
+		os=-sco5v6
+		basic_machine=`echo $1 | sed -e 's/86-.*/86-pc/'`
+		;;
+	-sco5)
+		os=-sco3.2v5
+		basic_machine=`echo $1 | sed -e 's/86-.*/86-pc/'`
+		;;
+	-sco4)
+		os=-sco3.2v4
+		basic_machine=`echo $1 | sed -e 's/86-.*/86-pc/'`
+		;;
+	-sco3.2.[4-9]*)
+		os=`echo $os | sed -e 's/sco3.2./sco3.2v/'`
+		basic_machine=`echo $1 | sed -e 's/86-.*/86-pc/'`
+		;;
+	-sco3.2v[4-9]*)
+		# Don't forget version if it is 3.2v4 or newer.
+		basic_machine=`echo $1 | sed -e 's/86-.*/86-pc/'`
+		;;
+	-sco5v6*)
+		# Don't forget version if it is 3.2v4 or newer.
+		basic_machine=`echo $1 | sed -e 's/86-.*/86-pc/'`
+		;;
+	-sco*)
+		os=-sco3.2v2
+		basic_machine=`echo $1 | sed -e 's/86-.*/86-pc/'`
+		;;
+	-udk*)
+		basic_machine=`echo $1 | sed -e 's/86-.*/86-pc/'`
+		;;
+	-isc)
+		os=-isc2.2
+		basic_machine=`echo $1 | sed -e 's/86-.*/86-pc/'`
+		;;
+	-clix*)
+		basic_machine=clipper-intergraph
+		;;
+	-isc*)
+		basic_machine=`echo $1 | sed -e 's/86-.*/86-pc/'`
+		;;
+	-lynx*)
+		os=-lynxos
+		;;
+	-ptx*)
+		basic_machine=`echo $1 | sed -e 's/86-.*/86-sequent/'`
+		;;
+	-windowsnt*)
+		os=`echo $os | sed -e 's/windowsnt/winnt/'`
+		;;
+	-psos*)
+		os=-psos
+		;;
+	-mint | -mint[0-9]*)
+		basic_machine=m68k-atari
+		os=-mint
+		;;
+esac
+
+# Decode aliases for certain CPU-COMPANY combinations.
+case $basic_machine in
+	# Recognize the basic CPU types without company name.
+	# Some are omitted here because they have special meanings below.
+	1750a | 580 \
+	| a29k \
+	| aarch64 | aarch64_be \
+	| alpha | alphaev[4-8] | alphaev56 | alphaev6[78] | alphapca5[67] \
+	| alpha64 | alpha64ev[4-8] | alpha64ev56 | alpha64ev6[78] | alpha64pca5[67] \
+	| am33_2.0 \
+	| arc | arm | arm[bl]e | arme[lb] | armv[2345] | armv[345][lb] | avr | avr32 \
+        | be32 | be64 \
+	| bfin \
+	| c4x | clipper \
+	| d10v | d30v | dlx | dsp16xx \
+	| epiphany \
+	| fido | fr30 | frv \
+	| h8300 | h8500 | hppa | hppa1.[01] | hppa2.0 | hppa2.0[nw] | hppa64 \
+	| hexagon \
+	| i370 | i860 | i960 | ia64 \
+	| ip2k | iq2000 \
+	| le32 | le64 \
+	| lm32 \
+	| m32c | m32r | m32rle | m68000 | m68k | m88k \
+	| maxq | mb | microblaze | mcore | mep | metag \
+	| mips | mipsbe | mipseb | mipsel | mipsle \
+	| mips16 \
+	| mips64 | mips64el \
+	| mips64octeon | mips64octeonel \
+	| mips64orion | mips64orionel \
+	| mips64r5900 | mips64r5900el \
+	| mips64vr | mips64vrel \
+	| mips64vr4100 | mips64vr4100el \
+	| mips64vr4300 | mips64vr4300el \
+	| mips64vr5000 | mips64vr5000el \
+	| mips64vr5900 | mips64vr5900el \
+	| mipsisa32 | mipsisa32el \
+	| mipsisa32r2 | mipsisa32r2el \
+	| mipsisa64 | mipsisa64el \
+	| mipsisa64r2 | mipsisa64r2el \
+	| mipsisa64sb1 | mipsisa64sb1el \
+	| mipsisa64sr71k | mipsisa64sr71kel \
+	| mipstx39 | mipstx39el \
+	| mn10200 | mn10300 \
+	| moxie \
+	| mt \
+	| msp430 \
+	| nds32 | nds32le | nds32be \
+	| nios | nios2 \
+	| ns16k | ns32k \
+	| open8 \
+	| or32 \
+	| pdp10 | pdp11 | pj | pjl \
+	| powerpc | powerpc64 | powerpc64le | powerpcle \
+	| pyramid \
+	| rl78 | rx \
+	| score \
+	| sh | sh[1234] | sh[24]a | sh[24]aeb | sh[23]e | sh[34]eb | sheb | shbe | shle | sh[1234]le | sh3ele \
+	| sh64 | sh64le \
+	| sparc | sparc64 | sparc64b | sparc64v | sparc86x | sparclet | sparclite \
+	| sparcv8 | sparcv9 | sparcv9b | sparcv9v \
+	| spu \
+	| tahoe | tic4x | tic54x | tic55x | tic6x | tic80 | tron \
+	| ubicom32 \
+	| v850 | v850e | v850e1 | v850e2 | v850es | v850e2v3 \
+	| we32k \
+	| x86 | xc16x | xstormy16 | xtensa \
+	| z8k | z80)
+		basic_machine=$basic_machine-unknown
+		;;
+	c54x)
+		basic_machine=tic54x-unknown
+		;;
+	c55x)
+		basic_machine=tic55x-unknown
+		;;
+	c6x)
+		basic_machine=tic6x-unknown
+		;;
+	m6811 | m68hc11 | m6812 | m68hc12 | m68hcs12x | picochip)
+		basic_machine=$basic_machine-unknown
+		os=-none
+		;;
+	m88110 | m680[12346]0 | m683?2 | m68360 | m5200 | v70 | w65 | z8k)
+		;;
+	ms1)
+		basic_machine=mt-unknown
+		;;
+
+	strongarm | thumb | xscale)
+		basic_machine=arm-unknown
+		;;
+	xgate)
+		basic_machine=$basic_machine-unknown
+		os=-none
+		;;
+	xscaleeb)
+		basic_machine=armeb-unknown
+		;;
+
+	xscaleel)
+		basic_machine=armel-unknown
+		;;
+
+	# We use `pc' rather than `unknown'
+	# because (1) that's what they normally are, and
+	# (2) the word "unknown" tends to confuse beginning users.
+	i*86 | x86_64)
+	  basic_machine=$basic_machine-pc
+	  ;;
+	# Object if more than one company name word.
+	*-*-*)
+		echo Invalid configuration \`$1\': machine \`$basic_machine\' not recognized 1>&2
+		exit 1
+		;;
+	# Recognize the basic CPU types with company name.
+	580-* \
+	| a29k-* \
+	| aarch64-* | aarch64_be-* \
+	| alpha-* | alphaev[4-8]-* | alphaev56-* | alphaev6[78]-* \
+	| alpha64-* | alpha64ev[4-8]-* | alpha64ev56-* | alpha64ev6[78]-* \
+	| alphapca5[67]-* | alpha64pca5[67]-* | arc-* \
+	| arm-*  | armbe-* | armle-* | armeb-* | armv*-* \
+	| avr-* | avr32-* \
+	| be32-* | be64-* \
+	| bfin-* | bs2000-* \
+	| c[123]* | c30-* | [cjt]90-* | c4x-* \
+	| clipper-* | craynv-* | cydra-* \
+	| d10v-* | d30v-* | dlx-* \
+	| elxsi-* \
+	| f30[01]-* | f700-* | fido-* | fr30-* | frv-* | fx80-* \
+	| h8300-* | h8500-* \
+	| hppa-* | hppa1.[01]-* | hppa2.0-* | hppa2.0[nw]-* | hppa64-* \
+	| hexagon-* \
+	| i*86-* | i860-* | i960-* | ia64-* \
+	| ip2k-* | iq2000-* \
+	| le32-* | le64-* \
+	| lm32-* \
+	| m32c-* | m32r-* | m32rle-* \
+	| m68000-* | m680[012346]0-* | m68360-* | m683?2-* | m68k-* \
+	| m88110-* | m88k-* | maxq-* | mcore-* | metag-* | microblaze-* \
+	| mips-* | mipsbe-* | mipseb-* | mipsel-* | mipsle-* \
+	| mips16-* \
+	| mips64-* | mips64el-* \
+	| mips64octeon-* | mips64octeonel-* \
+	| mips64orion-* | mips64orionel-* \
+	| mips64r5900-* | mips64r5900el-* \
+	| mips64vr-* | mips64vrel-* \
+	| mips64vr4100-* | mips64vr4100el-* \
+	| mips64vr4300-* | mips64vr4300el-* \
+	| mips64vr5000-* | mips64vr5000el-* \
+	| mips64vr5900-* | mips64vr5900el-* \
+	| mipsisa32-* | mipsisa32el-* \
+	| mipsisa32r2-* | mipsisa32r2el-* \
+	| mipsisa64-* | mipsisa64el-* \
+	| mipsisa64r2-* | mipsisa64r2el-* \
+	| mipsisa64sb1-* | mipsisa64sb1el-* \
+	| mipsisa64sr71k-* | mipsisa64sr71kel-* \
+	| mipstx39-* | mipstx39el-* \
+	| mmix-* \
+	| mt-* \
+	| msp430-* \
+	| nds32-* | nds32le-* | nds32be-* \
+	| nios-* | nios2-* \
+	| none-* | np1-* | ns16k-* | ns32k-* \
+	| open8-* \
+	| orion-* \
+	| pdp10-* | pdp11-* | pj-* | pjl-* | pn-* | power-* \
+	| powerpc-* | powerpc64-* | powerpc64le-* | powerpcle-* \
+	| pyramid-* \
+	| rl78-* | romp-* | rs6000-* | rx-* \
+	| sh-* | sh[1234]-* | sh[24]a-* | sh[24]aeb-* | sh[23]e-* | sh[34]eb-* | sheb-* | shbe-* \
+	| shle-* | sh[1234]le-* | sh3ele-* | sh64-* | sh64le-* \
+	| sparc-* | sparc64-* | sparc64b-* | sparc64v-* | sparc86x-* | sparclet-* \
+	| sparclite-* \
+	| sparcv8-* | sparcv9-* | sparcv9b-* | sparcv9v-* | sv1-* | sx?-* \
+	| tahoe-* \
+	| tic30-* | tic4x-* | tic54x-* | tic55x-* | tic6x-* | tic80-* \
+	| tile*-* \
+	| tron-* \
+	| ubicom32-* \
+	| v850-* | v850e-* | v850e1-* | v850es-* | v850e2-* | v850e2v3-* \
+	| vax-* \
+	| we32k-* \
+	| x86-* | x86_64-* | xc16x-* | xps100-* \
+	| xstormy16-* | xtensa*-* \
+	| ymp-* \
+	| z8k-* | z80-*)
+		;;
+	# Recognize the basic CPU types without company name, with glob match.
+	xtensa*)
+		basic_machine=$basic_machine-unknown
+		;;
+	# Recognize the various machine names and aliases which stand
+	# for a CPU type and a company and sometimes even an OS.
+	386bsd)
+		basic_machine=i386-unknown
+		os=-bsd
+		;;
+	3b1 | 7300 | 7300-att | att-7300 | pc7300 | safari | unixpc)
+		basic_machine=m68000-att
+		;;
+	3b*)
+		basic_machine=we32k-att
+		;;
+	a29khif)
+		basic_machine=a29k-amd
+		os=-udi
+		;;
+	abacus)
+		basic_machine=abacus-unknown
+		;;
+	adobe68k)
+		basic_machine=m68010-adobe
+		os=-scout
+		;;
+	alliant | fx80)
+		basic_machine=fx80-alliant
+		;;
+	altos | altos3068)
+		basic_machine=m68k-altos
+		;;
+	am29k)
+		basic_machine=a29k-none
+		os=-bsd
+		;;
+	amd64)
+		basic_machine=x86_64-pc
+		;;
+	amd64-*)
+		basic_machine=x86_64-`echo $basic_machine | sed 's/^[^-]*-//'`
+		;;
+	amdahl)
+		basic_machine=580-amdahl
+		os=-sysv
+		;;
+	amiga | amiga-*)
+		basic_machine=m68k-unknown
+		;;
+	amigaos | amigados)
+		basic_machine=m68k-unknown
+		os=-amigaos
+		;;
+	amigaunix | amix)
+		basic_machine=m68k-unknown
+		os=-sysv4
+		;;
+	apollo68)
+		basic_machine=m68k-apollo
+		os=-sysv
+		;;
+	apollo68bsd)
+		basic_machine=m68k-apollo
+		os=-bsd
+		;;
+	aros)
+		basic_machine=i386-pc
+		os=-aros
+		;;
+	aux)
+		basic_machine=m68k-apple
+		os=-aux
+		;;
+	balance)
+		basic_machine=ns32k-sequent
+		os=-dynix
+		;;
+	blackfin)
+		basic_machine=bfin-unknown
+		os=-linux
+		;;
+	blackfin-*)
+		basic_machine=bfin-`echo $basic_machine | sed 's/^[^-]*-//'`
+		os=-linux
+		;;
+	bluegene*)
+		basic_machine=powerpc-ibm
+		os=-cnk
+		;;
+	c54x-*)
+		basic_machine=tic54x-`echo $basic_machine | sed 's/^[^-]*-//'`
+		;;
+	c55x-*)
+		basic_machine=tic55x-`echo $basic_machine | sed 's/^[^-]*-//'`
+		;;
+	c6x-*)
+		basic_machine=tic6x-`echo $basic_machine | sed 's/^[^-]*-//'`
+		;;
+	c90)
+		basic_machine=c90-cray
+		os=-unicos
+		;;
+	cegcc)
+		basic_machine=arm-unknown
+		os=-cegcc
+		;;
+	convex-c1)
+		basic_machine=c1-convex
+		os=-bsd
+		;;
+	convex-c2)
+		basic_machine=c2-convex
+		os=-bsd
+		;;
+	convex-c32)
+		basic_machine=c32-convex
+		os=-bsd
+		;;
+	convex-c34)
+		basic_machine=c34-convex
+		os=-bsd
+		;;
+	convex-c38)
+		basic_machine=c38-convex
+		os=-bsd
+		;;
+	cray | j90)
+		basic_machine=j90-cray
+		os=-unicos
+		;;
+	craynv)
+		basic_machine=craynv-cray
+		os=-unicosmp
+		;;
+	cr16 | cr16-*)
+		basic_machine=cr16-unknown
+		os=-elf
+		;;
+	crds | unos)
+		basic_machine=m68k-crds
+		;;
+	crisv32 | crisv32-* | etraxfs*)
+		basic_machine=crisv32-axis
+		;;
+	cris | cris-* | etrax*)
+		basic_machine=cris-axis
+		;;
+	crx)
+		basic_machine=crx-unknown
+		os=-elf
+		;;
+	da30 | da30-*)
+		basic_machine=m68k-da30
+		;;
+	decstation | decstation-3100 | pmax | pmax-* | pmin | dec3100 | decstatn)
+		basic_machine=mips-dec
+		;;
+	decsystem10* | dec10*)
+		basic_machine=pdp10-dec
+		os=-tops10
+		;;
+	decsystem20* | dec20*)
+		basic_machine=pdp10-dec
+		os=-tops20
+		;;
+	delta | 3300 | motorola-3300 | motorola-delta \
+	      | 3300-motorola | delta-motorola)
+		basic_machine=m68k-motorola
+		;;
+	delta88)
+		basic_machine=m88k-motorola
+		os=-sysv3
+		;;
+	dicos)
+		basic_machine=i686-pc
+		os=-dicos
+		;;
+	djgpp)
+		basic_machine=i586-pc
+		os=-msdosdjgpp
+		;;
+	dpx20 | dpx20-*)
+		basic_machine=rs6000-bull
+		os=-bosx
+		;;
+	dpx2* | dpx2*-bull)
+		basic_machine=m68k-bull
+		os=-sysv3
+		;;
+	ebmon29k)
+		basic_machine=a29k-amd
+		os=-ebmon
+		;;
+	elxsi)
+		basic_machine=elxsi-elxsi
+		os=-bsd
+		;;
+	encore | umax | mmax)
+		basic_machine=ns32k-encore
+		;;
+	es1800 | OSE68k | ose68k | ose | OSE)
+		basic_machine=m68k-ericsson
+		os=-ose
+		;;
+	fx2800)
+		basic_machine=i860-alliant
+		;;
+	genix)
+		basic_machine=ns32k-ns
+		;;
+	gmicro)
+		basic_machine=tron-gmicro
+		os=-sysv
+		;;
+	go32)
+		basic_machine=i386-pc
+		os=-go32
+		;;
+	h3050r* | hiux*)
+		basic_machine=hppa1.1-hitachi
+		os=-hiuxwe2
+		;;
+	h8300hms)
+		basic_machine=h8300-hitachi
+		os=-hms
+		;;
+	h8300xray)
+		basic_machine=h8300-hitachi
+		os=-xray
+		;;
+	h8500hms)
+		basic_machine=h8500-hitachi
+		os=-hms
+		;;
+	harris)
+		basic_machine=m88k-harris
+		os=-sysv3
+		;;
+	hp300-*)
+		basic_machine=m68k-hp
+		;;
+	hp300bsd)
+		basic_machine=m68k-hp
+		os=-bsd
+		;;
+	hp300hpux)
+		basic_machine=m68k-hp
+		os=-hpux
+		;;
+	hp3k9[0-9][0-9] | hp9[0-9][0-9])
+		basic_machine=hppa1.0-hp
+		;;
+	hp9k2[0-9][0-9] | hp9k31[0-9])
+		basic_machine=m68000-hp
+		;;
+	hp9k3[2-9][0-9])
+		basic_machine=m68k-hp
+		;;
+	hp9k6[0-9][0-9] | hp6[0-9][0-9])
+		basic_machine=hppa1.0-hp
+		;;
+	hp9k7[0-79][0-9] | hp7[0-79][0-9])
+		basic_machine=hppa1.1-hp
+		;;
+	hp9k78[0-9] | hp78[0-9])
+		# FIXME: really hppa2.0-hp
+		basic_machine=hppa1.1-hp
+		;;
+	hp9k8[67]1 | hp8[67]1 | hp9k80[24] | hp80[24] | hp9k8[78]9 | hp8[78]9 | hp9k893 | hp893)
+		# FIXME: really hppa2.0-hp
+		basic_machine=hppa1.1-hp
+		;;
+	hp9k8[0-9][13679] | hp8[0-9][13679])
+		basic_machine=hppa1.1-hp
+		;;
+	hp9k8[0-9][0-9] | hp8[0-9][0-9])
+		basic_machine=hppa1.0-hp
+		;;
+	hppa-next)
+		os=-nextstep3
+		;;
+	hppaosf)
+		basic_machine=hppa1.1-hp
+		os=-osf
+		;;
+	hppro)
+		basic_machine=hppa1.1-hp
+		os=-proelf
+		;;
+	i370-ibm* | ibm*)
+		basic_machine=i370-ibm
+		;;
+	i*86v32)
+		basic_machine=`echo $1 | sed -e 's/86.*/86-pc/'`
+		os=-sysv32
+		;;
+	i*86v4*)
+		basic_machine=`echo $1 | sed -e 's/86.*/86-pc/'`
+		os=-sysv4
+		;;
+	i*86v)
+		basic_machine=`echo $1 | sed -e 's/86.*/86-pc/'`
+		os=-sysv
+		;;
+	i*86sol2)
+		basic_machine=`echo $1 | sed -e 's/86.*/86-pc/'`
+		os=-solaris2
+		;;
+	i386mach)
+		basic_machine=i386-mach
+		os=-mach
+		;;
+	i386-vsta | vsta)
+		basic_machine=i386-unknown
+		os=-vsta
+		;;
+	iris | iris4d)
+		basic_machine=mips-sgi
+		case $os in
+		    -irix*)
+			;;
+		    *)
+			os=-irix4
+			;;
+		esac
+		;;
+	isi68 | isi)
+		basic_machine=m68k-isi
+		os=-sysv
+		;;
+	m68knommu)
+		basic_machine=m68k-unknown
+		os=-linux
+		;;
+	m68knommu-*)
+		basic_machine=m68k-`echo $basic_machine | sed 's/^[^-]*-//'`
+		os=-linux
+		;;
+	m88k-omron*)
+		basic_machine=m88k-omron
+		;;
+	magnum | m3230)
+		basic_machine=mips-mips
+		os=-sysv
+		;;
+	merlin)
+		basic_machine=ns32k-utek
+		os=-sysv
+		;;
+	microblaze)
+		basic_machine=microblaze-xilinx
+		;;
+	mingw32)
+		basic_machine=i386-pc
+		os=-mingw32
+		;;
+	mingw32ce)
+		basic_machine=arm-unknown
+		os=-mingw32ce
+		;;
+	miniframe)
+		basic_machine=m68000-convergent
+		;;
+	*mint | -mint[0-9]* | *MiNT | *MiNT[0-9]*)
+		basic_machine=m68k-atari
+		os=-mint
+		;;
+	mips3*-*)
+		basic_machine=`echo $basic_machine | sed -e 's/mips3/mips64/'`
+		;;
+	mips3*)
+		basic_machine=`echo $basic_machine | sed -e 's/mips3/mips64/'`-unknown
+		;;
+	monitor)
+		basic_machine=m68k-rom68k
+		os=-coff
+		;;
+	morphos)
+		basic_machine=powerpc-unknown
+		os=-morphos
+		;;
+	msdos)
+		basic_machine=i386-pc
+		os=-msdos
+		;;
+	ms1-*)
+		basic_machine=`echo $basic_machine | sed -e 's/ms1-/mt-/'`
+		;;
+	msys)
+		basic_machine=i386-pc
+		os=-msys
+		;;
+	mvs)
+		basic_machine=i370-ibm
+		os=-mvs
+		;;
+	nacl)
+		basic_machine=le32-unknown
+		os=-nacl
+		;;
+	ncr3000)
+		basic_machine=i486-ncr
+		os=-sysv4
+		;;
+	netbsd386)
+		basic_machine=i386-unknown
+		os=-netbsd
+		;;
+	netwinder)
+		basic_machine=armv4l-rebel
+		os=-linux
+		;;
+	news | news700 | news800 | news900)
+		basic_machine=m68k-sony
+		os=-newsos
+		;;
+	news1000)
+		basic_machine=m68030-sony
+		os=-newsos
+		;;
+	news-3600 | risc-news)
+		basic_machine=mips-sony
+		os=-newsos
+		;;
+	necv70)
+		basic_machine=v70-nec
+		os=-sysv
+		;;
+	next | m*-next )
+		basic_machine=m68k-next
+		case $os in
+		    -nextstep* )
+			;;
+		    -ns2*)
+		      os=-nextstep2
+			;;
+		    *)
+		      os=-nextstep3
+			;;
+		esac
+		;;
+	nh3000)
+		basic_machine=m68k-harris
+		os=-cxux
+		;;
+	nh[45]000)
+		basic_machine=m88k-harris
+		os=-cxux
+		;;
+	nindy960)
+		basic_machine=i960-intel
+		os=-nindy
+		;;
+	mon960)
+		basic_machine=i960-intel
+		os=-mon960
+		;;
+	nonstopux)
+		basic_machine=mips-compaq
+		os=-nonstopux
+		;;
+	np1)
+		basic_machine=np1-gould
+		;;
+	neo-tandem)
+		basic_machine=neo-tandem
+		;;
+	nse-tandem)
+		basic_machine=nse-tandem
+		;;
+	nsr-tandem)
+		basic_machine=nsr-tandem
+		;;
+	op50n-* | op60c-*)
+		basic_machine=hppa1.1-oki
+		os=-proelf
+		;;
+	openrisc | openrisc-*)
+		basic_machine=or32-unknown
+		;;
+	os400)
+		basic_machine=powerpc-ibm
+		os=-os400
+		;;
+	OSE68000 | ose68000)
+		basic_machine=m68000-ericsson
+		os=-ose
+		;;
+	os68k)
+		basic_machine=m68k-none
+		os=-os68k
+		;;
+	pa-hitachi)
+		basic_machine=hppa1.1-hitachi
+		os=-hiuxwe2
+		;;
+	paragon)
+		basic_machine=i860-intel
+		os=-osf
+		;;
+	parisc)
+		basic_machine=hppa-unknown
+		os=-linux
+		;;
+	parisc-*)
+		basic_machine=hppa-`echo $basic_machine | sed 's/^[^-]*-//'`
+		os=-linux
+		;;
+	pbd)
+		basic_machine=sparc-tti
+		;;
+	pbb)
+		basic_machine=m68k-tti
+		;;
+	pc532 | pc532-*)
+		basic_machine=ns32k-pc532
+		;;
+	pc98)
+		basic_machine=i386-pc
+		;;
+	pc98-*)
+		basic_machine=i386-`echo $basic_machine | sed 's/^[^-]*-//'`
+		;;
+	pentium | p5 | k5 | k6 | nexgen | viac3)
+		basic_machine=i586-pc
+		;;
+	pentiumpro | p6 | 6x86 | athlon | athlon_*)
+		basic_machine=i686-pc
+		;;
+	pentiumii | pentium2 | pentiumiii | pentium3)
+		basic_machine=i686-pc
+		;;
+	pentium4)
+		basic_machine=i786-pc
+		;;
+	pentium-* | p5-* | k5-* | k6-* | nexgen-* | viac3-*)
+		basic_machine=i586-`echo $basic_machine | sed 's/^[^-]*-//'`
+		;;
+	pentiumpro-* | p6-* | 6x86-* | athlon-*)
+		basic_machine=i686-`echo $basic_machine | sed 's/^[^-]*-//'`
+		;;
+	pentiumii-* | pentium2-* | pentiumiii-* | pentium3-*)
+		basic_machine=i686-`echo $basic_machine | sed 's/^[^-]*-//'`
+		;;
+	pentium4-*)
+		basic_machine=i786-`echo $basic_machine | sed 's/^[^-]*-//'`
+		;;
+	pn)
+		basic_machine=pn-gould
+		;;
+	power)	basic_machine=power-ibm
+		;;
+	ppc | ppcbe)	basic_machine=powerpc-unknown
+		;;
+	ppc-* | ppcbe-*)
+		basic_machine=powerpc-`echo $basic_machine | sed 's/^[^-]*-//'`
+		;;
+	ppcle | powerpclittle | ppc-le | powerpc-little)
+		basic_machine=powerpcle-unknown
+		;;
+	ppcle-* | powerpclittle-*)
+		basic_machine=powerpcle-`echo $basic_machine | sed 's/^[^-]*-//'`
+		;;
+	ppc64)	basic_machine=powerpc64-unknown
+		;;
+	ppc64-*) basic_machine=powerpc64-`echo $basic_machine | sed 's/^[^-]*-//'`
+		;;
+	ppc64le | powerpc64little | ppc64-le | powerpc64-little)
+		basic_machine=powerpc64le-unknown
+		;;
+	ppc64le-* | powerpc64little-*)
+		basic_machine=powerpc64le-`echo $basic_machine | sed 's/^[^-]*-//'`
+		;;
+	ps2)
+		basic_machine=i386-ibm
+		;;
+	pw32)
+		basic_machine=i586-unknown
+		os=-pw32
+		;;
+	rdos)
+		basic_machine=i386-pc
+		os=-rdos
+		;;
+	rom68k)
+		basic_machine=m68k-rom68k
+		os=-coff
+		;;
+	rm[46]00)
+		basic_machine=mips-siemens
+		;;
+	rtpc | rtpc-*)
+		basic_machine=romp-ibm
+		;;
+	s390 | s390-*)
+		basic_machine=s390-ibm
+		;;
+	s390x | s390x-*)
+		basic_machine=s390x-ibm
+		;;
+	sa29200)
+		basic_machine=a29k-amd
+		os=-udi
+		;;
+	sb1)
+		basic_machine=mipsisa64sb1-unknown
+		;;
+	sb1el)
+		basic_machine=mipsisa64sb1el-unknown
+		;;
+	sde)
+		basic_machine=mipsisa32-sde
+		os=-elf
+		;;
+	sei)
+		basic_machine=mips-sei
+		os=-seiux
+		;;
+	sequent)
+		basic_machine=i386-sequent
+		;;
+	sh)
+		basic_machine=sh-hitachi
+		os=-hms
+		;;
+	sh5el)
+		basic_machine=sh5le-unknown
+		;;
+	sh64)
+		basic_machine=sh64-unknown
+		;;
+	sparclite-wrs | simso-wrs)
+		basic_machine=sparclite-wrs
+		os=-vxworks
+		;;
+	sps7)
+		basic_machine=m68k-bull
+		os=-sysv2
+		;;
+	spur)
+		basic_machine=spur-unknown
+		;;
+	st2000)
+		basic_machine=m68k-tandem
+		;;
+	stratus)
+		basic_machine=i860-stratus
+		os=-sysv4
+		;;
+	strongarm-* | thumb-*)
+		basic_machine=arm-`echo $basic_machine | sed 's/^[^-]*-//'`
+		;;
+	sun2)
+		basic_machine=m68000-sun
+		;;
+	sun2os3)
+		basic_machine=m68000-sun
+		os=-sunos3
+		;;
+	sun2os4)
+		basic_machine=m68000-sun
+		os=-sunos4
+		;;
+	sun3os3)
+		basic_machine=m68k-sun
+		os=-sunos3
+		;;
+	sun3os4)
+		basic_machin