testing/mochitest/pywebsocket/standalone.py
author Marco Bonardo <mbonardo@mozilla.com>
Tue, 22 Jun 2010 03:49:47 +0200
changeset 43944 d688a915d1d461337f5cd8401248d6afd1a22ff0
parent 43718 c69b38b80f632cb62d476cabf2dc6a1e83a904ca
child 69860 40b8f77317133ce5da7a4386729a00a037f25785
permissions -rw-r--r--
backout bug 547190 due to test failure

#!/usr/bin/env python
#
# Copyright 2009, Google Inc.
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"""Standalone Web Socket server.

Use this server to run mod_pywebsocket without Apache HTTP Server.

Usage:
    python standalone.py [-p <ws_port>] [-w <websock_handlers>]
                         [-s <scan_dir>]
                         [-d <document_root>]
                         [-m <websock_handlers_map_file>]
                         ... for other options, see _main below ...

<ws_port> is the port number to use for ws:// connection.

<document_root> is the path to the root directory of HTML files.

<websock_handlers> is the path to the root directory of Web Socket handlers.
See __init__.py for details of <websock_handlers> and how to write Web Socket
handlers. If this path is relative, <document_root> is used as the base.

<scan_dir> is a path under the root directory. If specified, only the handlers
under scan_dir are scanned. This is useful in saving scan time.

Note:
This server is derived from SocketServer.ThreadingMixIn. Hence a thread is
used for each request.

SECURITY WARNING: This uses CGIHTTPServer and CGIHTTPServer is not secure.
It may execute arbitrary Python code or external programs. It should not be
used outside a firewall.
"""

import BaseHTTPServer
import CGIHTTPServer
import SimpleHTTPServer
import SocketServer
import logging
import logging.handlers
import optparse
import os
import re
import socket
import sys

_HAS_OPEN_SSL = False
try:
    import OpenSSL.SSL
    _HAS_OPEN_SSL = True
except ImportError:
    pass

from mod_pywebsocket import dispatch
from mod_pywebsocket import handshake
from mod_pywebsocket import memorizingfile
from mod_pywebsocket import util


_LOG_LEVELS = {
    'debug': logging.DEBUG,
    'info': logging.INFO,
    'warn': logging.WARN,
    'error': logging.ERROR,
    'critical': logging.CRITICAL};

_DEFAULT_LOG_MAX_BYTES = 1024 * 256
_DEFAULT_LOG_BACKUP_COUNT = 5

_DEFAULT_REQUEST_QUEUE_SIZE = 128

# 1024 is practically large enough to contain WebSocket handshake lines.
_MAX_MEMORIZED_LINES = 1024

def _print_warnings_if_any(dispatcher):
    warnings = dispatcher.source_warnings()
    if warnings:
        for warning in warnings:
            logging.warning('mod_pywebsocket: %s' % warning)


class _StandaloneConnection(object):
    """Mimic mod_python mp_conn."""

    def __init__(self, request_handler):
        """Construct an instance.

        Args:
            request_handler: A WebSocketRequestHandler instance.
        """
        self._request_handler = request_handler

    def get_local_addr(self):
        """Getter to mimic mp_conn.local_addr."""
        return (self._request_handler.server.server_name,
                self._request_handler.server.server_port)
    local_addr = property(get_local_addr)

    def get_remote_addr(self):
        """Getter to mimic mp_conn.remote_addr.

        Setting the property in __init__ won't work because the request
        handler is not initialized yet there."""
        return self._request_handler.client_address
    remote_addr = property(get_remote_addr)

    def write(self, data):
        """Mimic mp_conn.write()."""
        return self._request_handler.wfile.write(data)

    def read(self, length):
        """Mimic mp_conn.read()."""
        return self._request_handler.rfile.read(length)

    def get_memorized_lines(self):
        """Get memorized lines."""
        return self._request_handler.rfile.get_memorized_lines()


class _StandaloneRequest(object):
    """Mimic mod_python request."""

    def __init__(self, request_handler, use_tls):
        """Construct an instance.

        Args:
            request_handler: A WebSocketRequestHandler instance.
        """
        self._request_handler = request_handler
        self.connection = _StandaloneConnection(request_handler)
        self._use_tls = use_tls

    def get_uri(self):
        """Getter to mimic request.uri."""
        return self._request_handler.path
    uri = property(get_uri)

    def get_method(self):
        """Getter to mimic request.method."""
        return self._request_handler.command
    method = property(get_method)

    def get_headers_in(self):
        """Getter to mimic request.headers_in."""
        return self._request_handler.headers
    headers_in = property(get_headers_in)

    def is_https(self):
        """Mimic request.is_https()."""
        return self._use_tls


class WebSocketServer(SocketServer.ThreadingMixIn, BaseHTTPServer.HTTPServer):
    """HTTPServer specialized for Web Socket."""

    SocketServer.ThreadingMixIn.daemon_threads = True

    def __init__(self, server_address, RequestHandlerClass):
        """Override SocketServer.BaseServer.__init__."""

        SocketServer.BaseServer.__init__(
                self, server_address, RequestHandlerClass)
        self.socket = self._create_socket()
        self.server_bind()
        self.server_activate()

    def _create_socket(self):
        socket_ = socket.socket(self.address_family, self.socket_type)
        if WebSocketServer.options.use_tls:
            ctx = OpenSSL.SSL.Context(OpenSSL.SSL.SSLv23_METHOD)
            ctx.use_privatekey_file(WebSocketServer.options.private_key)
            ctx.use_certificate_file(WebSocketServer.options.certificate)
            socket_ = OpenSSL.SSL.Connection(ctx, socket_)
        return socket_

    def handle_error(self, rquest, client_address):
        """Override SocketServer.handle_error."""

        logging.error(
            ('Exception in processing request from: %r' % (client_address,)) +
            '\n' + util.get_stack_trace())
        # Note: client_address is a tuple. To match it against %r, we need the
        # trailing comma.


class WebSocketRequestHandler(CGIHTTPServer.CGIHTTPRequestHandler):
    """CGIHTTPRequestHandler specialized for Web Socket."""

    def setup(self):
        """Override SocketServer.StreamRequestHandler.setup."""

        self.connection = self.request
        self.rfile = memorizingfile.MemorizingFile(
                socket._fileobject(self.request, 'rb', self.rbufsize),
                max_memorized_lines=_MAX_MEMORIZED_LINES)
        self.wfile = socket._fileobject(self.request, 'wb', self.wbufsize)

    def __init__(self, *args, **keywords):
        self._request = _StandaloneRequest(
                self, WebSocketRequestHandler.options.use_tls)
        self._dispatcher = WebSocketRequestHandler.options.dispatcher
        self._print_warnings_if_any()
        self._handshaker = handshake.Handshaker(
                self._request, self._dispatcher,
                allowDraft75=WebSocketRequestHandler.options.allow_draft75,
                strict=WebSocketRequestHandler.options.strict)
        CGIHTTPServer.CGIHTTPRequestHandler.__init__(
                self, *args, **keywords)

    def _print_warnings_if_any(self):
        warnings = self._dispatcher.source_warnings()
        if warnings:
            for warning in warnings:
                logging.warning('mod_pywebsocket: %s' % warning)

    def parse_request(self):
        """Override BaseHTTPServer.BaseHTTPRequestHandler.parse_request.

        Return True to continue processing for HTTP(S), False otherwise.
        """
        result = CGIHTTPServer.CGIHTTPRequestHandler.parse_request(self)
        if result:
            try:
                self._handshaker.do_handshake()
                try:
                    self._dispatcher.transfer_data(self._request)
                except Exception, e:
                    # Catch exception in transfer_data.
                    # In this case, handshake has been successful, so just log
                    # the exception and return False.
                    logging.info('mod_pywebsocket: %s' % e)
                return False
            except handshake.HandshakeError, e:
                # Handshake for ws(s) failed. Assume http(s).
                logging.info('mod_pywebsocket: %s' % e)
                return True
            except dispatch.DispatchError, e:
                logging.warning('mod_pywebsocket: %s' % e)
                return False
            except Exception, e:
                logging.warning('mod_pywebsocket: %s' % e)
                logging.info('mod_pywebsocket: %s' % util.get_stack_trace())
                return False
        return result

    def log_request(self, code='-', size='-'):
        """Override BaseHTTPServer.log_request."""

        logging.info('"%s" %s %s',
                     self.requestline, str(code), str(size))

    def log_error(self, *args):
        """Override BaseHTTPServer.log_error."""

        # Despite the name, this method is for warnings than for errors.
        # For example, HTTP status code is logged by this method.
        logging.warn('%s - %s' % (self.address_string(), (args[0] % args[1:])))

    def is_cgi(self):
        """Test whether self.path corresponds to a CGI script.

        Add extra check that self.path doesn't contains ..
        Also check if the file is a executable file or not.
        If the file is not executable, it is handled as static file or dir
        rather than a CGI script.
        """
        if CGIHTTPServer.CGIHTTPRequestHandler.is_cgi(self):
            if '..' in self.path:
                return False
            # strip query parameter from request path
            resource_name = self.path.split('?', 2)[0]
            # convert resource_name into real path name in filesystem.
            scriptfile = self.translate_path(resource_name)
            if not os.path.isfile(scriptfile):
                return False
            if not self.is_executable(scriptfile):
                return False
            return True
        return False


def _configure_logging(options):
    logger = logging.getLogger()
    logger.setLevel(_LOG_LEVELS[options.log_level])
    if options.log_file:
        handler = logging.handlers.RotatingFileHandler(
                options.log_file, 'a', options.log_max, options.log_count)
    else:
        handler = logging.StreamHandler()
    formatter = logging.Formatter(
            "[%(asctime)s] [%(levelname)s] %(name)s: %(message)s")
    handler.setFormatter(formatter)
    logger.addHandler(handler)

def _alias_handlers(dispatcher, websock_handlers_map_file):
    """Set aliases specified in websock_handler_map_file in dispatcher.

    Args:
        dispatcher: dispatch.Dispatcher instance
        websock_handler_map_file: alias map file
    """
    fp = open(websock_handlers_map_file)
    try:
        for line in fp:
            if line[0] == '#' or line.isspace():
                continue
            m = re.match('(\S+)\s+(\S+)', line)
            if not m:
                logging.warning('Wrong format in map file:' + line)
                continue
            try:
                dispatcher.add_resource_path_alias(
                    m.group(1), m.group(2))
            except dispatch.DispatchError, e:
                logging.error(str(e))
    finally:
        fp.close()



def _main():
    parser = optparse.OptionParser()
    parser.add_option('-H', '--server-host', '--server_host',
                      dest='server_host',
                      default='',
                      help='server hostname to listen to')
    parser.add_option('-p', '--port', dest='port', type='int',
                      default=handshake.DEFAULT_WEB_SOCKET_PORT,
                      help='port to listen to')
    parser.add_option('-w', '--websock-handlers', '--websock_handlers',
                      dest='websock_handlers',
                      default='.',
                      help='Web Socket handlers root directory.')
    parser.add_option('-m', '--websock-handlers-map-file',
                      '--websock_handlers_map_file',
                      dest='websock_handlers_map_file',
                      default=None,
                      help=('Web Socket handlers map file. '
                            'Each line consists of alias_resource_path and '
                            'existing_resource_path, separated by spaces.'))
    parser.add_option('-s', '--scan-dir', '--scan_dir', dest='scan_dir',
                      default=None,
                      help=('Web Socket handlers scan directory. '
                            'Must be a directory under websock_handlers.'))
    parser.add_option('-d', '--document-root', '--document_root',
                      dest='document_root', default='.',
                      help='Document root directory.')
    parser.add_option('-x', '--cgi-paths', '--cgi_paths', dest='cgi_paths',
                      default=None,
                      help=('CGI paths relative to document_root.'
                            'Comma-separated. (e.g -x /cgi,/htbin) '
                            'Files under document_root/cgi_path are handled '
                            'as CGI programs. Must be executable.'))
    parser.add_option('-t', '--tls', dest='use_tls', action='store_true',
                      default=False, help='use TLS (wss://)')
    parser.add_option('-k', '--private-key', '--private_key',
                      dest='private_key',
                      default='', help='TLS private key file.')
    parser.add_option('-c', '--certificate', dest='certificate',
                      default='', help='TLS certificate file.')
    parser.add_option('-l', '--log-file', '--log_file', dest='log_file',
                      default='', help='Log file.')
    parser.add_option('--log-level', '--log_level', type='choice',
                      dest='log_level', default='warn',
                      choices=['debug', 'info', 'warn', 'error', 'critical'],
                      help='Log level.')
    parser.add_option('--log-max', '--log_max', dest='log_max', type='int',
                      default=_DEFAULT_LOG_MAX_BYTES,
                      help='Log maximum bytes')
    parser.add_option('--log-count', '--log_count', dest='log_count',
                      type='int', default=_DEFAULT_LOG_BACKUP_COUNT,
                      help='Log backup count')
    parser.add_option('--allow-draft75', dest='allow_draft75',
                      action='store_true', default=False,
                      help='Allow draft 75 handshake')
    parser.add_option('--strict', dest='strict', action='store_true',
                      default=False, help='Strictly check handshake request')
    parser.add_option('-q', '--queue', dest='request_queue_size', type='int',
                      default=_DEFAULT_REQUEST_QUEUE_SIZE,
                      help='request queue size')
    options = parser.parse_args()[0]

    os.chdir(options.document_root)

    _configure_logging(options)

    SocketServer.TCPServer.request_queue_size = options.request_queue_size
    CGIHTTPServer.CGIHTTPRequestHandler.cgi_directories = []

    if options.cgi_paths:
        CGIHTTPServer.CGIHTTPRequestHandler.cgi_directories = \
            options.cgi_paths.split(',')
        if sys.platform in ('cygwin', 'win32'):
            cygwin_path = None
            # For Win32 Python, it is expected that CYGWIN_PATH
            # is set to a directory of cygwin binaries.
            # For example, websocket_server.py in Chromium sets CYGWIN_PATH to
            # full path of third_party/cygwin/bin.
            if 'CYGWIN_PATH' in os.environ:
                cygwin_path = os.environ['CYGWIN_PATH']
            util.wrap_popen3_for_win(cygwin_path)
            def __check_script(scriptpath):
                return util.get_script_interp(scriptpath, cygwin_path)
            CGIHTTPServer.executable = __check_script

    if options.use_tls:
        if not _HAS_OPEN_SSL:
            logging.critical('To use TLS, install pyOpenSSL.')
            sys.exit(1)
        if not options.private_key or not options.certificate:
            logging.critical(
                    'To use TLS, specify private_key and certificate.')
            sys.exit(1)

    if not options.scan_dir:
        options.scan_dir = options.websock_handlers

    try:
        # Share a Dispatcher among request handlers to save time for
        # instantiation.  Dispatcher can be shared because it is thread-safe.
        options.dispatcher = dispatch.Dispatcher(options.websock_handlers,
                                                 options.scan_dir)
        if options.websock_handlers_map_file:
            _alias_handlers(options.dispatcher,
                            options.websock_handlers_map_file)
        _print_warnings_if_any(options.dispatcher)

        WebSocketRequestHandler.options = options
        WebSocketServer.options = options

        server = WebSocketServer((options.server_host, options.port),
                                 WebSocketRequestHandler)
        server.serve_forever()
    except Exception, e:
        logging.critical(str(e))
        sys.exit(1)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    _main()


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