js/public/CharacterEncoding.h
author B2G Bumper Bot <release+b2gbumper@mozilla.com>
Wed, 12 Nov 2014 06:37:18 -0800
changeset 215331 aa27d02678db4420cc2680cb32f442f210d04f03
parent 204222 4663c05c869cfa1b6db2e8a82c81f1c7ce28c75b
child 222877 dfa1f0425c654d6058be1ef238c9d4a6e605f6ba
permissions -rw-r--r--
Bumping manifests a=b2g-bump

/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 4 -*-
 * vim: set ts=8 sts=4 et sw=4 tw=99:
 * This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#ifndef js_CharacterEncoding_h
#define js_CharacterEncoding_h

#include "mozilla/NullPtr.h"
#include "mozilla/Range.h"

#include "js/TypeDecls.h"
#include "js/Utility.h"

namespace js {
struct ThreadSafeContext;
}

class JSFlatString;

namespace JS {

/*
 * By default, all C/C++ 1-byte-per-character strings passed into the JSAPI
 * are treated as ISO/IEC 8859-1, also known as Latin-1. That is, each
 * byte is treated as a 2-byte character, and there is no way to pass in a
 * string containing characters beyond U+00FF.
 */
class Latin1Chars : public mozilla::Range<Latin1Char>
{
    typedef mozilla::Range<Latin1Char> Base;

  public:
    Latin1Chars() : Base() {}
    Latin1Chars(char *aBytes, size_t aLength) : Base(reinterpret_cast<Latin1Char *>(aBytes), aLength) {}
    Latin1Chars(const Latin1Char *aBytes, size_t aLength)
      : Base(const_cast<Latin1Char *>(aBytes), aLength)
    {}
    Latin1Chars(const char *aBytes, size_t aLength)
      : Base(reinterpret_cast<Latin1Char *>(const_cast<char *>(aBytes)), aLength)
    {}
};

/*
 * A Latin1Chars, but with \0 termination for C compatibility.
 */
class Latin1CharsZ : public mozilla::RangedPtr<Latin1Char>
{
    typedef mozilla::RangedPtr<Latin1Char> Base;

  public:
    Latin1CharsZ() : Base(nullptr, 0) {}

    Latin1CharsZ(char *aBytes, size_t aLength)
      : Base(reinterpret_cast<Latin1Char *>(aBytes), aLength)
    {
        MOZ_ASSERT(aBytes[aLength] == '\0');
    }

    Latin1CharsZ(Latin1Char *aBytes, size_t aLength)
      : Base(aBytes, aLength)
    {
        MOZ_ASSERT(aBytes[aLength] == '\0');
    }

    using Base::operator=;

    char *c_str() { return reinterpret_cast<char *>(get()); }
};

class UTF8Chars : public mozilla::Range<unsigned char>
{
    typedef mozilla::Range<unsigned char> Base;

  public:
    UTF8Chars() : Base() {}
    UTF8Chars(char *aBytes, size_t aLength)
      : Base(reinterpret_cast<unsigned char *>(aBytes), aLength)
    {}
    UTF8Chars(const char *aBytes, size_t aLength)
      : Base(reinterpret_cast<unsigned char *>(const_cast<char *>(aBytes)), aLength)
    {}
};

/*
 * SpiderMonkey also deals directly with UTF-8 encoded text in some places.
 */
class UTF8CharsZ : public mozilla::RangedPtr<unsigned char>
{
    typedef mozilla::RangedPtr<unsigned char> Base;

  public:
    UTF8CharsZ() : Base(nullptr, 0) {}

    UTF8CharsZ(char *aBytes, size_t aLength)
      : Base(reinterpret_cast<unsigned char *>(aBytes), aLength)
    {
        MOZ_ASSERT(aBytes[aLength] == '\0');
    }

    UTF8CharsZ(unsigned char *aBytes, size_t aLength)
      : Base(aBytes, aLength)
    {
        MOZ_ASSERT(aBytes[aLength] == '\0');
    }

    using Base::operator=;

    char *c_str() { return reinterpret_cast<char *>(get()); }
};

/*
 * SpiderMonkey uses a 2-byte character representation: it is a
 * 2-byte-at-a-time view of a UTF-16 byte stream. This is similar to UCS-2,
 * but unlike UCS-2, we do not strip UTF-16 extension bytes. This allows a
 * sufficiently dedicated JavaScript program to be fully unicode-aware by
 * manually interpreting UTF-16 extension characters embedded in the JS
 * string.
 */
class TwoByteChars : public mozilla::Range<char16_t>
{
    typedef mozilla::Range<char16_t> Base;

  public:
    TwoByteChars() : Base() {}
    TwoByteChars(char16_t *aChars, size_t aLength) : Base(aChars, aLength) {}
    TwoByteChars(const char16_t *aChars, size_t aLength) : Base(const_cast<char16_t *>(aChars), aLength) {}
};

/*
 * A TwoByteChars, but \0 terminated for compatibility with JSFlatString.
 */
class TwoByteCharsZ : public mozilla::RangedPtr<char16_t>
{
    typedef mozilla::RangedPtr<char16_t> Base;

  public:
    TwoByteCharsZ() : Base(nullptr, 0) {}

    TwoByteCharsZ(char16_t *chars, size_t length)
      : Base(chars, length)
    {
        MOZ_ASSERT(chars[length] == '\0');
    }

    using Base::operator=;
};

typedef mozilla::RangedPtr<const char16_t> ConstCharPtr;

/*
 * Like TwoByteChars, but the chars are const.
 */
class ConstTwoByteChars : public mozilla::RangedPtr<const char16_t>
{
  public:
    ConstTwoByteChars(const ConstTwoByteChars &s) : ConstCharPtr(s) {}
    MOZ_IMPLICIT ConstTwoByteChars(const mozilla::RangedPtr<const char16_t> &s) : ConstCharPtr(s) {}
    ConstTwoByteChars(const char16_t *s, size_t len) : ConstCharPtr(s, len) {}
    ConstTwoByteChars(const char16_t *pos, const char16_t *start, size_t len)
      : ConstCharPtr(pos, start, len)
    {}

    using ConstCharPtr::operator=;
};

/*
 * Convert a 2-byte character sequence to "ISO-Latin-1". This works by
 * truncating each 2-byte pair in the sequence to a 1-byte pair. If the source
 * contains any UTF-16 extension characters, then this may give invalid Latin1
 * output. The returned string is zero terminated. The returned string or the
 * returned string's |start()| must be freed with JS_free or js_free,
 * respectively. If allocation fails, an OOM error will be set and the method
 * will return a nullptr chars (which can be tested for with the ! operator).
 * This method cannot trigger GC.
 */
extern Latin1CharsZ
LossyTwoByteCharsToNewLatin1CharsZ(js::ThreadSafeContext *cx,
                                   const mozilla::Range<const char16_t> tbchars);

template <typename CharT>
extern UTF8CharsZ
CharsToNewUTF8CharsZ(js::ThreadSafeContext *cx, const mozilla::Range<const CharT> chars);

uint32_t
Utf8ToOneUcs4Char(const uint8_t *utf8Buffer, int utf8Length);

/*
 * Inflate bytes in UTF-8 encoding to char16_t.
 * - On error, returns an empty TwoByteCharsZ.
 * - On success, returns a malloc'd TwoByteCharsZ, and updates |outlen| to hold
 *   its length;  the length value excludes the trailing null.
 */
extern TwoByteCharsZ
UTF8CharsToNewTwoByteCharsZ(JSContext *cx, const UTF8Chars utf8, size_t *outlen);

/*
 * The same as UTF8CharsToNewTwoByteCharsZ(), except that any malformed UTF-8 characters
 * will be replaced by \uFFFD. No exception will be thrown for malformed UTF-8
 * input.
 */
extern TwoByteCharsZ
LossyUTF8CharsToNewTwoByteCharsZ(JSContext *cx, const UTF8Chars utf8, size_t *outlen);

/*
 * Returns the length of the char buffer required to encode |s| as UTF8.
 * Does not include the null-terminator.
 */
JS_PUBLIC_API(size_t)
GetDeflatedUTF8StringLength(JSFlatString *s);

/*
 * Encode |src| as UTF8. The caller must ensure |dst| has enough space.
 * Does not write the null terminator.
 */
JS_PUBLIC_API(void)
DeflateStringToUTF8Buffer(JSFlatString *src, mozilla::RangedPtr<char> dst);

} // namespace JS

inline void JS_free(JS::Latin1CharsZ &ptr) { js_free((void*)ptr.get()); }
inline void JS_free(JS::UTF8CharsZ &ptr) { js_free((void*)ptr.get()); }

#endif /* js_CharacterEncoding_h */