author Andrew Halberstadt <>
Thu, 25 May 2017 11:48:03 -0400
changeset 362858 34b11112f0e3b342c149295ea8e8eac01cdf646c
parent 100379 python/blessings/PKG-INFO@b61beb4ae24f5b9cc12cff2b98f8a7f4c7fbf15e
permissions -rw-r--r--
Bug 1346025 - Move vendored python modules from /python to /third_party/python, r=ted This commit is a simple 'hg mv' and does not contain any file modifications. *** Bug 1346025 - Split vendored modules in python/ to third_party/python/, r=ted *** Bug 1346025 - Update references to moved python modules, r=ted MozReview-Commit-ID: A12RnIFtXju

Metadata-Version: 1.0
Name: blessings
Version: 1.3
Summary: A thin, practical wrapper around terminal formatting, positioning, and more
Author: Erik Rose
License: MIT
Description: =========
        Coding with Blessings looks like this... ::
            from blessings import Terminal
            t = Terminal()
            print t.bold('Hi there!')
            print t.bold_red_on_bright_green('It hurts my eyes!')
            with t.location(0, t.height - 1):
                print 'This is at the bottom.'
        Or, for byte-level control, you can drop down and play with raw terminal
            print '{t.bold}All your {}bold and red base{t.normal}'.format(t=t)
            print t.wingo(2)
        The Pitch
        Blessings lifts several of curses_' limiting assumptions, and it makes your
        code pretty, too:
        * Use styles, color, and maybe a little positioning without clearing the whole
          screen first.
        * Leave more than one screenful of scrollback in the buffer after your program
          exits, like a well-behaved command-line app should.
        * Get rid of all those noisy, C-like calls to ``tigetstr`` and ``tparm``, so
          your code doesn't get crowded out by terminal bookkeeping.
        * Act intelligently when somebody redirects your output to a file, omitting the
          terminal control codes the user doesn't want to see (optional).
        .. _curses:
        Before And After
        Without Blessings, this is how you'd print some underlined text at the bottom
        of the screen::
            from curses import tigetstr, setupterm, tparm
            from fcntl import ioctl
            from os import isatty
            import struct
            import sys
            from termios import TIOCGWINSZ
            # If we want to tolerate having our output piped to other commands or
            # files without crashing, we need to do all this branching:
            if hasattr(sys.stdout, 'fileno') and isatty(sys.stdout.fileno()):
                sc = tigetstr('sc')
                cup = tigetstr('cup')
                rc = tigetstr('rc')
                underline = tigetstr('smul')
                normal = tigetstr('sgr0')
                sc = cup = rc = underline = normal = ''
            print sc  # Save cursor position.
            if cup:
                # tigetnum('lines') doesn't always update promptly, hence this:
                height = struct.unpack('hhhh', ioctl(0, TIOCGWINSZ, '\000' * 8))[0]
                print tparm(cup, height - 1, 0)  # Move cursor to bottom.
            print 'This is {under}underlined{normal}!'.format(under=underline,
            print rc  # Restore cursor position.
        Phew! That was long and full of incomprehensible trash! Let's try it again,
        this time with Blessings::
            from blessings import Terminal
            term = Terminal()
            with term.location(0, term.height - 1):
                print 'This is', term.underline('pretty!')
        Much better.
        What It Provides
        Blessings provides just one top-level object: ``Terminal``. Instantiating a
        ``Terminal`` figures out whether you're on a terminal at all and, if so, does
        any necessary terminal setup. After that, you can proceed to ask it all sorts
        of things about the terminal. Terminal terminal terminal.
        Simple Formatting
        Lots of handy formatting codes ("capabilities" in low-level parlance) are
        available as attributes on a ``Terminal``. For example::
            from blessings import Terminal
            term = Terminal()
            print 'I am ' + term.bold + 'bold' + term.normal + '!'
        You can also use them as wrappers so you don't have to say ``normal``
            print 'I am', term.bold('bold') + '!'
        Or, if you want fine-grained control while maintaining some semblance of
        brevity, you can combine it with Python's string formatting, which makes
        attributes easy to access::
            print 'All your {}base {t.underline}are belong to us{t.normal}'.format(t=term)
        Simple capabilities of interest include...
        * ``bold``
        * ``reverse``
        * ``underline``
        * ``no_underline`` (which turns off underlining)
        * ``blink``
        * ``normal`` (which turns off everything, even colors)
        * ``clear_eol`` (clear to the end of the line)
        * ``clear_bol`` (clear to beginning of line)
        * ``clear_eos`` (clear to end of screen)
        Here are a few more which are less likely to work on all terminals:
        * ``dim``
        * ``italic`` and ``no_italic``
        * ``shadow`` and ``no_shadow``
        * ``standout`` and ``no_standout``
        * ``subscript`` and ``no_subscript``
        * ``superscript`` and ``no_superscript``
        * ``flash`` (which flashes the screen once)
        Note that, while the inverse of ``underline`` is ``no_underline``, the only way
        to turn off ``bold`` or ``reverse`` is ``normal``, which also cancels any
        custom colors. This is because there's no way to tell the terminal to undo
        certain pieces of formatting, even at the lowest level.
        You might notice that the above aren't the typical incomprehensible terminfo
        capability names; we alias a few of the harder-to-remember ones for
        readability. However, you aren't limited to these: you can reference any
        string-returning capability listed on the `terminfo man page`_ by the name
        under the "Cap-name" column: for example, ``term.rum``.
        .. _`terminfo man page`:
        16 colors, both foreground and background, are available as easy-to-remember
            from blessings import Terminal
            term = Terminal()
            print + term.on_green + 'Red on green? Ick!' + term.normal
            print term.bright_red + term.on_bright_blue + 'This is even worse!' + term.normal
        You can also call them as wrappers, which sets everything back to normal at the
            print term.red_on_green('Red on green? Ick!')
            print term.yellow('I can barely see it.')
        The available colors are...
        * ``black``
        * ``red``
        * ``green``
        * ``yellow``
        * ``blue``
        * ``magenta``
        * ``cyan``
        * ``white``
        You can set the background color instead of the foreground by prepending
        ``on_``, as in ``on_blue``. There is also a ``bright`` version of each color:
        for example, ``on_bright_blue``.
        There is also a numerical interface to colors, which takes an integer from
            term.color(5) + 'Hello' + term.normal
            term.on_color(3) + 'Hello' + term.normal
        If some color is unsupported (for instance, if only the normal colors are
        available, not the bright ones), trying to use it will, on most terminals, have
        no effect: the foreground and background colors will stay as they were. You can
        get fancy and do different things depending on the supported colors by checking
        .. _`number_of_colors`:
        Compound Formatting
        If you want to do lots of crazy formatting all at once, you can just mash it
        all together::
            from blessings import Terminal
            term = Terminal()
            print term.bold_underline_green_on_yellow + 'Woo' + term.normal
        Or you can use your newly coined attribute as a wrapper, which implicitly sets
        everything back to normal afterward::
            print term.bold_underline_green_on_yellow('Woo')
        This compound notation comes in handy if you want to allow users to customize
        the formatting of your app: just have them pass in a format specifier like
        "bold_green" on the command line, and do a quick ``getattr(term,
        that_option)('Your text')`` when you do your formatting.
        I'd be remiss if I didn't credit couleur_, where I probably got the idea for
        all this mashing.
        .. _couleur:
        Parametrized Capabilities
        Some capabilities take parameters. Rather than making you dig up ``tparm()``
        all the time, we simply make such capabilities into callable strings. You can
        pass the parameters right in::
            from blessings import Terminal
            term = Terminal()
            print term.move(10, 1)
        Here are some of interest:
          Position the cursor elsewhere. Parameters are y coordinate, then x
          Move the cursor to the given column.
          Move the cursor to the given row.
        You can also reference any other string-returning capability listed on the
        `terminfo man page`_ by its name under the "Cap-name" column.
        .. _`terminfo man page`:
        Height and Width
        It's simple to get the height and width of the terminal, in characters::
            from blessings import Terminal
            term = Terminal()
            height = term.height
            width = term.width
        These are newly updated each time you ask for them, so they're safe to use from
        SIGWINCH handlers.
        Temporary Repositioning
        Sometimes you need to flit to a certain location, print something, and then
        return: for example, when updating a progress bar at the bottom of the screen.
        ``Terminal`` provides a context manager for doing this concisely::
            from blessings import Terminal
            term = Terminal()
            with term.location(0, term.height - 1):
                print 'Here is the bottom.'
            print 'This is back where I came from.'
        Parameters to ``location()`` are ``x`` and then ``y``, but you can also pass
        just one of them, leaving the other alone. For example... ::
            with term.location(y=10):
                print 'We changed just the row.'
        If you want to reposition permanently, see ``move``, in an example above.
        Pipe Savvy
        If your program isn't attached to a terminal, like if it's being piped to
        another command or redirected to a file, all the capability attributes on
        ``Terminal`` will return empty strings. You'll get a nice-looking file without
        any formatting codes gumming up the works.
        If you want to override this--like if you anticipate your program being piped
        through ``less -r``, which handles terminal escapes just fine--pass
        ``force_styling=True`` to the ``Terminal`` constructor.
        In any case, there is an ``is_a_tty`` attribute on ``Terminal`` that lets you
        see whether the attached stream seems to be a terminal. If it's false, you
        might refrain from drawing progress bars and other frippery, since you're
        apparently headed into a pipe::
            from blessings import Terminal
            term = Terminal()
            if term.is_a_tty:
                with term.location(0, term.height - 1):
                    print 'Progress: [=======>   ]'
            print term.bold('Important stuff')
        Shopping List
        There are decades of legacy tied up in terminal interaction, so attention to
        detail and behavior in edge cases make a difference. Here are some ways
        Blessings has your back:
        * Uses the terminfo database so it works with any terminal type
        * Provides up-to-the-moment terminal height and width, so you can respond to
          terminal size changes (SIGWINCH signals). (Most other libraries query the
          ``COLUMNS`` and ``LINES`` environment variables or the ``cols`` or ``lines``
          terminal capabilities, which don't update promptly, if at all.)
        * Avoids making a mess if the output gets piped to a non-terminal
        * Works great with standard Python string templating
        * Provides convenient access to all terminal capabilities, not just a sugared
        * Outputs to any file-like object, not just stdout
        * Keeps a minimum of internal state, so you can feel free to mix and match with
          calls to curses or whatever other terminal libraries you like
        Blessings does not provide...
        * Native color support on the Windows command prompt. However, it should work
          when used in concert with colorama_.
        .. _colorama:
        Bugs or suggestions? Visit the `issue tracker`_.
        .. _`issue tracker`:
        Blessings is under the MIT License. See the LICENSE file.
        Version History
          * Add ``number_of_colors``, which tells you how many colors the terminal
          * Made ``color(n)`` and ``on_color(n)`` callable to wrap a string, like the
            named colors can. Also, make them both fall back to the ``setf`` and
            ``setb`` capabilities (like the named colors do) if the ANSI ``setaf`` and
            ``setab`` aren't available.
          * Allow ``color`` attr to act as an unparametrized string, not just a
          * Make ``height`` and ``width`` examine any passed-in stream before falling
            back to stdout. (This rarely if ever affects actual behavior; it's mostly
          * Make caching simpler and slightly more efficient.
          * Get rid of a reference cycle between Terminals and FormattingStrings.
          * Update docs to reflect that terminal addressing (as in ``location()``) is
          * Added support for Python 3! We need 3.2.3 or greater, because the curses
            library couldn't decide whether to accept strs or bytes before that
          * Everything that comes out of the library is now unicode. This lets us
            support Python 3 without making a mess of the code, and Python 2 should
            continue to work unless you were testing types (and badly). Please file a
            bug if this causes trouble for you.
          * Changed to the MIT License for better world domination.
          * Added Sphinx docs.
          * Added nicely named attributes for colors.
          * Introduced compound formatting.
          * Added wrapper behavior for styling and colors.
          * Let you force capabilities to be non-empty, even if the output stream is
            not a terminal.
          * Added the ``is_a_tty`` attribute for telling whether the output stream is a
          * Sugared the remaining interesting string capabilities.
          * Let ``location()`` operate on just an x *or* y coordinate.
          * Extracted Blessings from nose-progressive, my `progress-bar-having,
            traceback-shortcutting, rootin', tootin' testrunner`_. It provided the
            tootin' functionality.
        .. _`progress-bar-having, traceback-shortcutting, rootin', tootin' testrunner`:
Keywords: terminal,tty,curses,ncurses,formatting,style,color,console
Platform: UNKNOWN
Classifier: Intended Audience :: Developers
Classifier: Natural Language :: English
Classifier: Development Status :: 5 - Production/Stable
Classifier: Environment :: Console
Classifier: Environment :: Console :: Curses
Classifier: License :: OSI Approved :: MIT License
Classifier: Operating System :: POSIX
Classifier: Programming Language :: Python :: 2
Classifier: Programming Language :: Python :: 2.5
Classifier: Programming Language :: Python :: 2.6
Classifier: Programming Language :: Python :: 2.7
Classifier: Programming Language :: Python :: 3
Classifier: Programming Language :: Python :: 3.2
Classifier: Topic :: Software Development :: Libraries
Classifier: Topic :: Software Development :: User Interfaces
Classifier: Topic :: Terminals